8 LONG TITLE
9 General Description:
10 This bill establishes a cause of action for oppressive conduct in a closely held
12 Highlighted Provisions:
13 This bill:
14 ▸ defines terms;
15 ▸ creates a cause of action for oppressive conduct toward a shareholder of a closely
16 held corporation; and
17 ▸ establishes a remedy.
18 Money Appropriated in this Bill:
20 Other Special Clauses:
22 Utah Code Sections Affected:
24 16-10a-1901, Utah Code Annotated 1953
25 16-10a-1902, Utah Code Annotated 1953
27 Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
28 Section 1. Section 16-10a-1901 is enacted to read:
30 16-10a-1901. Definition.
31 As used in this part:
32 (1) "Oppressive conduct" means a continuing course of conduct, a significant action, or
33 a series of actions that substantially interferes with the interests of a shareholder as a
35 (2) "Oppressive conduct" may include:
36 (a) termination of a shareholder's employment; or
37 (b) limitations on a shareholder's employment benefits to the extent that the limitations
38 interfere with distributions or other shareholder interests disproportionately as to the affected
40 (3) "Oppressive conduct" does not include an action allowed by an agreement, the
41 corporation's articles of incorporation, the corporation's bylaws, or a consistently applied
42 written corporate policy or procedure.
43 Section 2. Section 16-10a-1902 is enacted to read:
44 16-10a-1902. Shareholder cause of action -- Relief.
45 (1) A shareholder of a closely held corporation who is injured by oppressive conduct
46 may bring a private cause of action against the closely held corporation.
47 (2) (a) If a court finds that oppressive conduct toward the shareholder occurred, the
48 court shall order one or more persons described in Subsection (2)(b) to purchase the injured
49 shareholder's shares in the closely held corporation at fair value.
50 (b) A court may order that any of the following purchase the shares of the shareholder
51 as described in Subsection (2)(a):
52 (i) the closely held corporation;
53 (ii) an officer of the closely held corporation;
54 (iii) a director of the closely held corporation; or
55 (iv) a shareholder of the closely held corporation that is responsible for the oppressive