8 LONG TITLE
9 General Description:
10 This bill addresses the state certification of veterinary technicians.
11 Highlighted Provisions:
12 This bill:
13 ▸ defines terms;
14 ▸ authorizes the Division of Occupational and Professional Licensing to, in
15 consultation with the Veterinary Board, establish credentialing criteria for a state
16 certified veterinary technician;
17 ▸ establishes renewal terms for state certified veterinary technicians;
18 ▸ establishes unlawful and unprofessional conduct for state certified veterinary
19 technicians; and
20 ▸ makes technical changes.
21 Money Appropriated in this Bill:
23 Other Special Clauses:
25 Utah Code Sections Affected:
27 58-28-102, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2019, Chapter 177
28 58-28-501, as enacted by Laws of Utah 2006, Chapter 109
29 58-28-502, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2019, Chapter 177
31 58-28-103, Utah Code Annotated 1953
32 58-28-309, Utah Code Annotated 1953
33 58-28-310, Utah Code Annotated 1953
34 58-28-311, Utah Code Annotated 1953
36 Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
37 Section 1. Section 58-28-102 is amended to read:
38 58-28-102. Definitions.
39 In addition to the definitions in Section 58-1-102, as used in this chapter:
40 (1) "Abandonment" means to forsake entirely or to refuse to provide care and support
41 for an animal placed in the custody of a licensed veterinarian.
42 (2) "Administer" means:
43 (a) the direct application by a person of a prescription drug or device by injection,
44 inhalation, ingestion, or by any other means, to the body of an animal that is a patient or is a
45 research subject; or
46 (b) a veterinarian providing to the owner or caretaker of an animal a prescription drug
47 for application by injection, inhalation, ingestion, or any other means to the body of the animal
48 by the owner or caretaker in accordance with the veterinarian's written directions.
49 (3) "Animal" means any animal other than a human.
50 (4) "AVMA" means American Veterinary Medical Association.
51 (5) "Board" means the Veterinary Board established in Section 58-28-201.
52 (6) "Client" means the patient's owner, the owner's agent, or other person responsible
53 for the patient.
54 (7) "Direct supervision" means a veterinarian licensed under this chapter is present and
55 available for face-to-face contact with the patient and person being supervised, at the time the
56 patient is receiving veterinary care.
57 (8) "Extra-label use" means actual use or intended use of a drug in an animal in a
58 manner that is not in accordance with approved labeling.
59 (9) "Immediate supervision" means the veterinarian licensed under this chapter is
60 present with the individual being supervised, while the individual is performing the delegated
62 (10) "Indirect supervision" means a veterinarian licensed under this chapter:
63 (a) has given either written or verbal instructions for veterinary care of a patient to the
64 person being supervised; and
65 (b) is available to the person being supervised by telephone or other electronic means
66 of communication during the period of time in which the veterinary care is given to the patient.
67 (11) "Practice of veterinary medicine, surgery, and dentistry" means to:
68 (a) diagnose, prognose, or treat any disease, defect, deformity, wound, injury, or
69 physical condition of any animal;
70 (b) administer, prescribe or dispense any drug, medicine, treatment, method, or
71 practice, perform any operation or manipulation, apply any apparatus or appliance for the cure,
72 relief, or correction of any animal disease, deformity, defect, wound, or injury, or otherwise
73 practice any veterinary medicine, dentistry, or surgery on any animal;
74 (c) represent by verbal or written claim, sign, word, title, letterhead, card, or any other
75 manner that one is a licensed veterinarian or qualified to practice veterinary medicine, surgery,
76 or dentistry;
77 (d) hold oneself out as able to practice veterinary medicine, surgery, or dentistry;
78 (e) solicit, sell, or furnish any parenterally administered animal disease cures,
79 preventions, or treatments, with or without the necessary instruments for the administration of
80 them, or any and all worm and other internal parasitic remedies, upon any agreement, express
81 or implied, to administer these cures, preventions, treatments, or remedies; or
82 (f) assume or use the title or designation, "veterinary," "veterinarian," "animal doctor,"
83 "animal surgeon," or any other title, designation, words, letters, abbreviations, sign, card, or
84 device tending to indicate that such person is qualified to practice veterinary medicine, surgery,
85 or dentistry.
86 (12) "Practice of veterinary technology" means to perform tasks that are:
87 (a) related to the care and treatment of animals;
88 (b) delegated by a veterinarian licensed under this chapter;
89 (c) performed under the direct or indirect supervision of a veterinarian licensed under
90 this chapter; and
91 (d) permitted by administrative rule and performed in accordance with the standards of
92 the profession.
93 (13) (a) "State certification" means a designation granted by the division on behalf of
94 the state to an individual who has met the requirements for state certification as a veterinary
95 technician related to the practice of veterinary technology.
96 (b) "State certification" does not grant a state certified veterinary technician the
97 exclusive right to practice veterinary technology.
98 (14) "State certified" means, when used in conjunction with the occupation of
99 veterinary technician, a title that:
100 (a) may be used by a person who has met state certification requirements related to the
101 occupation of veterinary technician as described in this chapter; and
102 (b) may not be used by a person who has not met the state certification requirements
103 related to the occupation of veterinary technician as described in this chapter.
105 contouring, and leveling of dental arcades and incisors of equine and other farm animals.
106 (b) "Teeth floating" does not include a dental procedure on a canine or feline.
109 (a) means any unlicensed person, regardless of title, to whom tasks are delegated by a
110 veterinarian licensed under this chapter as permitted by administrative rule and in accordance
111 with the standards of the profession; and
112 (b) includes:
113 (i) a veterinary assistant, if working under immediate supervision;
114 (ii) a state certified veterinary technician;
116 (A) has graduated from a program of veterinary technology accredited by the AVMA
117 that is at least a two-year program; and
118 (B) [
120 (A) has graduated from a four-year program of veterinary technology accredited by the
121 AVMA; and
122 (B) is working under indirect supervision.
124 and may be further defined by rule.
126 (a) a veterinarian licensed under this chapter has assumed responsibility for making
127 clinical judgements regarding the health of an animal and the need for medical treatment of an
128 animal, and the client has agreed to follow the veterinarian's instructions;
129 (b) the veterinarian has sufficient knowledge of the animal to initiate at least a general
130 or preliminary diagnosis of the medical condition of the animal, including knowledge of the
131 keeping and care of the animal as a result of recent personal examination of the animal or by
132 medically appropriate visits to the premises where the animal is housed; and
133 (c) the veterinarian has arranged for emergency coverage for follow-up evaluation in
134 the event of adverse reaction or the failure of the treatment regimen.
135 Section 2. Section 58-28-103 is enacted to read:
136 58-28-103. Rulemaking.
137 When exercising rulemaking authority under this chapter, the division shall comply
138 with the requirements of Title 63G, Chapter 3, Utah Administrative Rulemaking Act.
139 Section 3. Section 58-28-309 is enacted to read:
140 58-28-309. Qualifications for state certification.
141 (1) The division shall grant state certification to a person who qualifies under this
142 section to engage in the practice of veterinary technology as a state certified veterinary
144 (2) Each applicant for state certification as a state certified veterinary technician shall:
145 (a) submit an application in a form prescribed by the division in consultation with the
147 (b) submit evidence of graduation from an AVMA-accredited program in veterinary
148 technology that is at least two years, or an equivalent program as determined by division rule in
149 consultation with the board;
150 (c) submit evidence of achieving a passing score, as determined by the division in
151 consultation with the board, on the Veterinary Technician National Examination, or an
152 equivalent examination as determined by division rule in consultation with the board;
153 (d) pay a fee determined by the department under Section 63J-1-504; and
154 (e) provide satisfactory documentation that the applicant meets other criteria
155 determined by division rule in consultation with the board.
156 Section 4. Section 58-28-310 is enacted to read:
157 58-28-310. Term of state certification.
158 (1) The division shall grant state certification under this chapter in accordance with a
159 two-year renewal cycle established in rule by the division in consultation with the board.
160 (2) At the time of renewal, an applicant for renewal shall provide proof of completion
161 of any continuing education requirements established by the division in consultation with the
163 (3) If a state certified veterinary technician is placed on probation, the state certification
164 is expired, or if the division revokes or suspends the state certification for an individual, the
165 individual shall cease:
166 (a) using the title state certified veterinary technician in connection with the
167 individual's name or business; and
168 (b) representing to others that the individual is a state certified veterinary technician.
169 (4) An individual whose certification ceases as described in Subsection (3) may
170 reapply for state certification when the individual meets the requirements for state certification
171 described in Section 58-28-309.
172 Section 5. Section 58-28-311 is enacted to read:
173 58-28-311. Limitation of state certification.
174 This chapter does not prevent a person from lawfully engaging in the practice of
175 veterinary technology without state certification under the direct supervision of a veterinarian
176 licensed under this chapter.
177 Section 6. Section 58-28-501 is amended to read:
178 58-28-501. Unlawful conduct.
179 Unlawful conduct includes, in addition to the definitions in Section 58-1-501:
180 (1) fraudulently issuing or using any health certificate, inspection certificate,
181 vaccination certificate, test chart, or any other certificate relating to the existence of animal
182 diseases or the sale of animal products for human consumption;
183 (2) willfully misrepresenting any findings in the inspection of foodstuffs of animal
184 origin; [
185 (3) fraudulently misapplying or reporting any intradermal, cutaneous, subcutaneous,
186 serological, or chemical test[
187 (4) for an individual who is not a state certified veterinary technician, using the title
188 state certified veterinary technician, or representing that the individual is a state certified
189 veterinary technician, in connection with the individual's name or business; and
190 (5) for a state certified individual whose state certification is suspended, placed on
191 probation, revoked, or has expired for any reason, using the title state certified veterinary
192 technician in connection with the individual's name or business.
193 Section 7. Section 58-28-502 is amended to read:
194 58-28-502. Unprofessional conduct.
195 (1) "Unprofessional conduct" includes, in addition to the definitions in Section
197 (a) applying unsanitary methods or procedures in the treatment of any animal, contrary
198 to rules adopted by the board and approved by the division;
199 (b) procuring any fee or recompense on the assurance that a manifestly incurable
200 diseased condition of the body of an animal can be permanently cured;
201 (c) selling any biologics containing living or dead organisms or products or such
202 organisms, except in a manner which will prevent indiscriminate use of such biologics;
203 (d) swearing falsely in any testimony or affidavit, relating to, or in the course of, the
204 practice of veterinary medicine, surgery, or dentistry;
205 (e) willful failure to report any dangerous, infectious, or contagious disease, as required
206 by law;
207 (f) willful failure to report the results of any medical tests, as required by law, or rule
208 adopted pursuant to law;
209 (g) violating Chapter 37, Utah Controlled Substances Act;
210 (h) delegating tasks to unlicensed assistive personnel in violation of standards of the
211 profession and in violation of Subsection (2); and
212 (i) making any unsubstantiated claim of superiority in training or skill as a veterinarian
213 in the performance of professional services.
214 (2) (a) "Unprofessional conduct" does not include the following:
215 (i) delegating to a veterinary technologist, while under the indirect supervision of a
216 veterinarian licensed under this chapter, patient care and treatment that requires a technical
217 understanding of veterinary medicine if written or oral instructions are provided to the
218 technologist by the veterinarian;
219 (ii) delegating to a state certified veterinary technician, while under the direct or
220 indirect supervision of a veterinarian licensed under this chapter, patient care and treatment that
221 requires a technical understanding of veterinary medicine if the veterinarian provides written or
222 oral instructions to the state certified veterinary technician;
224 veterinarian licensed under this chapter, patient care and treatment that requires a technical
225 understanding of veterinary medicine if written or oral instructions are provided to the
226 technician by the veterinarian;
228 licensed veterinarian, tasks that are consistent with the standards and ethics of the profession;
231 direct supervision of a licensed veterinarian, the administration of a sedative drug for teeth
233 (b) The delegation of tasks permitted under Subsection (2)(a) does not include:
234 (i) diagnosing;
235 (ii) prognosing;
236 (iii) surgery; or
237 (iv) prescribing drugs, medicines, or appliances.