Chief Sponsor: Michael K. McKell

Senate Sponsor: Scott D. Sandall


8     General Description:
9          This bill addresses state institutional trust lands.
10     Highlighted Provisions:
11          This bill:
12          ▸     addresses penalties for illegal activities on trust land; and
13          ▸     makes technical changes.
14     Money Appropriated in this Bill:
15          None
16     Other Special Clauses:
17          None
18     Utah Code Sections Affected:
19     AMENDS:
20          53C-2-301, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2016, Chapter 389

22     Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
23          Section 1. Section 53C-2-301 is amended to read:
24          53C-2-301. Illegal activities on trust lands -- Penalties.
25          (1) A person is liable for the civil damages prescribed in Subsection (2) and[, unless a
26     greater penalty is prescribed in another part of the law, is guilty of a class B misdemeanor] is
27     guilty of a criminal offense specified in Subsection (4) if the person[,] intentionally, knowingly,

28     or recklessly, and without written authorization from the director:
29          (a) removes, extracts, uses, consumes, or destroys [any] a mineral resource, gravel,
30     sand, soil, vegetation, water resource, or improvement on trust lands;
31          (b) grazes livestock on trust lands;
32          (c) uses, occupies, or constructs improvements or structures on trust lands;
33          (d) uses or occupies trust lands for more than 30 days after the cancellation or
34     expiration of written authorization;
35          (e) knowingly and willfully uses trust lands for commercial gain;
36          (f) appropriates, alters, injures, or destroys [any] an improvement or [any] historical,
37     prehistorical, archaeological, or paleontological resource on trust lands;
38          (g) trespasses upon, uses, commits waste, dumps refuse, or occupies trust land;
39          (h) interferes with the activities of an employee or agent of the administration on trust
40     lands; or
41          (i) interferes with activities of a lessee or other person that have been authorized by the
42     administration, whether or not the trust land has been withdrawn from occupancy or use
43     pursuant to Subsection 53C-2-105(1)(b).
44          (2) A person who commits [any] an act described in Subsection (1) is liable for
45     damages in the amount of whichever of the following is greatest:
46          (a) three times the value at the point of sale of the mineral or other resource removed,
47     destroyed, or extracted;
48          (b) three times the amount of damage committed;
49          (c) three times the cost to cure the damage;
50          (d) three times the value of any losses suffered as a result of interference with
51     authorized activities; or
52          (e) three times the consideration which would have been charged by the director for
53     use of the land during the period of trespass.
54          (3) In addition to the damages described in Subsection (2), a person found guilty of a
55     criminal act under Subsection (1) is subject to the penalties provided in Title 76, Chapter 3,
56     Punishments[.], as specified in Subsection (4).
57          (4) A violation of this section is a:
58          (a) second degree felony if the actor's conduct causes property injury or damage, or

59     pecuniary loss equal to or in excess of $5,000 in value;
60          (b) third degree felony if the actor's conduct causes property injury or damage, or
61     pecuniary loss equal to or in excess of $1,500 but is less than $5,000 in value;
62          (c) class A misdemeanor if the actor's conduct causes property injury or damage, or
63     pecuniary loss equal to or in excess of $500 but is less than $1,500 in value; and
64          (d) class B misdemeanor if the actor's conduct causes property injury or damage, or
65     pecuniary loss less than $500 in value.
66          [(4)] (5) The director shall deposit money collected under this section in the fund in
67     which like revenues from that land would be deposited.
68          [(5)] (6) The director may award a portion of any of the damages collected under this
69     section in excess of actual damages to the general fund of the county in which the trespass
70     occurred as a reward for county assistance in the apprehension and prosecution of the
71     trespassing party.