Chief Sponsor: Lyle W. Hillyard

House Sponsor: V. Lowry Snow


9     General Description:
10          This bill enacts the Uniform Foreign-Country Money Judgments Recognition Act.
11     Highlighted Provisions:
12          This bill:
13          ▸     creates definitions regarding a foreign county and a foreign-country judgment;
14          ▸     requires that for a foreign-country judgment to be covered by the Uniform
15     Foreign-County Money Judgments Recognition Act (the Act), the judgment must
16     grant or deny the recovery of a sum of money and be final, conclusive, and
17     enforceable under the law of the foreign county where the judgment was rendered;
18          ▸     excludes certain foreign-country judgments from coverage of the Act;
19          ▸     provides the grounds for which a court may deny recognition of a foreign-country
20     judgment;
21          ▸     provides the procedure for seeking to enforce a foreign-country judgment;
22          ▸     provides the effect on the parties of a court recognizing a foreign-country money
23     judgment;
24          ▸     allows for the stay of proceedings regarding a foreign-money judgment in certain
25     circumstances;
26          ▸     provides a statute of limitations on enforcement of a foreign-country money
27     judgment;

28          ▸     addresses uniformity of the law;
29          ▸     addresses enforcement of foreign-country money judgments not covered by the Act;
30     and
31          ▸     provides that the Act applies to actions commenced after May 12, 2020.
32     Money Appropriated in this Bill:
33          None
34     Other Special Clauses:
35          None
36     Utah Code Sections Affected:
37     ENACTS:
38          78B-5-450, Utah Code Annotated 1953
39          78B-5-451, Utah Code Annotated 1953
40          78B-5-452, Utah Code Annotated 1953
41          78B-5-453, Utah Code Annotated 1953
42          78B-5-454, Utah Code Annotated 1953
43          78B-5-455, Utah Code Annotated 1953
44          78B-5-456, Utah Code Annotated 1953
45          78B-5-457, Utah Code Annotated 1953
46          78B-5-458, Utah Code Annotated 1953
47          78B-5-459, Utah Code Annotated 1953
48          78B-5-460, Utah Code Annotated 1953
49          78B-5-461, Utah Code Annotated 1953

51     Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
52          Section 1. Section 78B-5-450 is enacted to read:
Part 4a. Uniform Foreign-Country Money Judgments Recognition Act

54          78B-5-450. Title.
55          This part is known as the "Uniform Foreign-Country Money Judgments Recognition
56     Act."
57          Section 2. Section 78B-5-451 is enacted to read:
58          78B-5-451. Definitions.

59          As used in this part:
60          (1) "Foreign country" means a government other than:
61          (a) the United States;
62          (b) a state, district, commonwealth, territory, or insular possession of the United States;
63     or
64          (c) any other government with regard to which the decision in this state as to whether
65     to recognize a judgment of that government's courts is initially subject to determination under
66     the Full Faith and Credit Clause of the United States Constitution.
67          (2) "Foreign-country judgment" means a judgment of a court of a foreign country.
68          Section 3. Section 78B-5-452 is enacted to read:
69          78B-5-452. Applicability.
70          (1) Except as otherwise provided in Subsection (2), this part applies to a
71     foreign-country judgment to the extent that the judgment:
72          (a) grants or denies the recovery of a sum of money; and
73          (b) under the law of the foreign country where rendered, is final, conclusive, and
74     enforceable.
75          (2) This part does not apply to a foreign-country judgment, even if the judgment grants
76     or denies the recovery of a sum of money, to the extent that the judgment is:
77          (a) a judgment for taxes;
78          (b) a fine or other penalty; or
79          (c) a judgment for divorce, support, or maintenance, or other judgment rendered in
80     connection with domestic relations.
81          (3) A party seeking recognition of a foreign-country judgment has the burden of
82     establishing that this part applies to the foreign-country judgment.
83          Section 4. Section 78B-5-453 is enacted to read:
84          78B-5-453. Standards for recognition of foreign-country judgment.
85          (1) Except as otherwise provided in Subsections (2) and (3), a court of this state shall
86     recognize a foreign-country judgment to which this part applies.
87          (2) A court of this state may not recognize a foreign-country judgment if:
88          (a) the judgment was rendered under a judicial system that does not provide impartial
89     tribunals or procedures compatible with the requirements of due process of law;

90          (b) the foreign court did not have personal jurisdiction over the defendant; or
91          (c) the foreign court did not have jurisdiction over the subject matter.
92          (3) A court of this state may decline to recognize a foreign-country judgment if:
93          (a) the defendant in the proceeding in the foreign court did not receive notice of the
94     proceeding in sufficient time to enable the defendant to defend;
95          (b) the judgment was obtained by fraud that deprived the losing party of an adequate
96     opportunity to present the party's case;
97          (c) the judgment or the cause of action on which the judgment is based is repugnant to
98     the public policy of this state or the United States;
99          (d) the judgment conflicts with another final and conclusive judgment;
100          (e) the proceeding in the foreign court was contrary to an agreement between the
101     parties under which the dispute in question was to be determined otherwise than by
102     proceedings in that foreign court;
103          (f) in the case of jurisdiction based only on personal service, the foreign court was a
104     seriously inconvenient forum for the trial of the action;
105          (g) the judgment was rendered in circumstances that raise substantial doubt about the
106     integrity of the rendering court with respect to the judgment; or
107          (h) the specific proceeding in the foreign court leading to the judgment was not
108     compatible with the requirements of due process of law.
109          (4) A party resisting recognition of a foreign-country judgment has the burden of
110     establishing that a ground for nonrecognition stated in Subsection (2) or (3) exists.
111          Section 5. Section 78B-5-454 is enacted to read:
112          78B-5-454. Personal jurisdiction.
113          (1) A foreign-country judgment may not be refused recognition for lack of personal
114     jurisdiction if:
115          (a) the defendant was served with process personally in the foreign country;
116          (b) the defendant voluntarily appeared in the proceeding, except for the purpose of
117     protecting property seized or threatened with seizure in the proceeding or of contesting the
118     jurisdiction of the court over the defendant;
119          (c) the defendant, before the commencement of the proceeding, had agreed to submit to
120     the jurisdiction of the foreign court with respect to the subject matter involved;

121          (d) the defendant was domiciled in the foreign country when the proceeding was
122     instituted or was a corporation or other form of business organization that had the corporation's
123     or organization's principal place of business in, or was organized under the laws of, the foreign
124     country;
125          (e) the defendant had a business office in the foreign country and the proceeding in the
126     foreign court involved a cause of action arising out of business done by the defendant through
127     that office in the foreign country; or
128          (f) the defendant operated a motor vehicle or airplane in the foreign country and the
129     proceeding involved a cause of action arising out of that operation.
130          (2) The list describing the grounds for personal jurisdiction in Subsection (1) is not
131     exclusive.
132          (3) A court of this state may recognize grounds for personal jurisdiction other than
133     those described in Subsection (1) as sufficient to support a foreign-country judgment.
134          Section 6. Section 78B-5-455 is enacted to read:
135          78B-5-455. Procedure for recognition of foreign-country judgment.
136          (1) If recognition of a foreign-country judgment is sought as an original matter, the
137     issue of recognition shall be raised by filing an action seeking recognition of the
138     foreign-country judgment.
139          (2) If recognition of a foreign-country judgment is sought in a pending action, the issue
140     of recognition may be raised by counterclaim, cross-claim, or affirmative defense.
141          Section 7. Section 78B-5-456 is enacted to read:
142          78B-5-456. Effect of recognition of foreign-country judgment.
143          If the court in a proceeding under Section 78B-5-455 finds that the foreign-country
144     judgment is entitled to recognition under this part, the foreign-country judgment, to the extent
145     that the foreign-country judgment grants or denies recovery of a sum of money, is:
146          (1) conclusive between the parties to the same extent as the judgment of a sister state
147     entitled to full faith and credit in this state would be conclusive; and
148          (2) enforceable in the same manner and to the same extent as a judgment rendered in
149     this state.
150          Section 8. Section 78B-5-457 is enacted to read:
151          78B-5-457. Stay of proceedings pending appeal of foreign-country judgment.

152          If a party establishes that an appeal from a foreign-country judgment is pending or an
153     appeal will be taken, the court may stay any proceedings with regard to the foreign-country
154     judgment until:
155          (1) the appeal is concluded;
156          (2) the time for appeal expires; or
157          (3) the appellant has had sufficient time to prosecute the appeal and has failed to do so.
158          Section 9. Section 78B-5-458 is enacted to read:
159          78B-5-458. Statute of limitations.
160          An action to recognize a foreign-country judgment shall be commenced within the
161     earlier of:
162          (1) the time during which the foreign-country judgment is effective in the foreign
163     country; or
164          (2) 15 years from the day on which the foreign-country judgment became effective in
165     the foreign country.
166          Section 10. Section 78B-5-459 is enacted to read:
167          78B-5-459. Uniformity of interpretation.
168          In applying and construing this uniform act, consideration shall be given to the need to
169     promote uniformity of the law with respect to the subject matter of the uniform act among
170     states that enact the uniform act.
171          Section 11. Section 78B-5-460 is enacted to read:
172          78B-5-460. Saving clause.
173          This part does not prevent the recognition under principles of comity or otherwise of a
174     foreign-country judgment not within the scope of this part.
175          Section 12. Section 78B-5-461 is enacted to read:
176          78B-5-461. Application to future actions.
177          This part applies to all actions commenced on or after May 12, 2020, in which the issue
178     of recognition of a foreign-country judgment is raised.