Representative Elizabeth Weight proposes the following substitute bill:






Chief Sponsor: Elizabeth Weight

Senate Sponsor: Ronald M. Winterton

8     Cosponsors:
9     Gay Lynn Bennion
10     Joel K. Briscoe
11     Clare Collard
12     Jennifer Dailey-Provost
13     Sandra Hollins
Brian S. King
Karen Kwan
Rosemary Lesser
Ashlee Matthews
Carol Spackman Moss
Doug Owens
Stephanie Pitcher
Angela Romero
Andrew Stoddard
Steve Waldrip
Raymond P. Ward
Mark A. Wheatley

16     General Description:
17          This resolution recognizes the harm done by using Native American mascots,
18     encourages schools in the public education system to consider retiring those mascots,
19     and encourages the State Board of Education and local education agencies to provide
20     instruction in Native American culture and history.
21     Highlighted Provisions:
22          This resolution:
23          ▸     recognizes that using Native American names, imagery, symbols, and regalia as

24     school mascots wrongfully characterizes and causes harm to Native Americans;
25          ▸     explains the harmful effects that using these mascots creates in the education and
26     development of all students, including the contribution to high rates of school drop
27     out and death by suicide among Native American youth;
28          ▸     encourages public school leaders to engage with Native American communities to
29     develop processes to consider retiring these mascots; and
30          ▸     encourages the State Board of Education and local education agencies to include
31     instruction on the history, culture, and traditions of Native Americans in public
32     school curriculum.
33     Special Clauses:
34          None

36     Be it resolved by the Legislature of the state of Utah, the Governor concurring therein:
37          WHEREAS, the United States of America holds the values of democracy, equality, and
38     justice as fundamental cornerstones upon which to build society;
39          WHEREAS, all people are interconnected as one human family and should be treated
40     with dignity and respect, regardless of their racial and ethnic identity;
41          WHEREAS, Utah is the home of various cultural and racial groups, about 60,000 of
42     them American Indians and Alaska Natives;
43          WHEREAS, Utah is the ancestral home of eight tribes, each with a distinctive and rich
44     heritage of culture and traditions, and each with a sovereign government;
45          WHEREAS, Native Americans are a vital part of Utah's history, its present, and its
46     future;
47          WHEREAS, the tribal sovereignty of Native American tribes includes the right to make
48     or participate in decisions about their citizenry and identity;
49          WHEREAS, all students, including Native American students, deserve a respectful and
50     nurturing school environment that encourages positive educational, emotional, and social
51     development;
52          WHEREAS, all students have the right to receive an education free of discrimination
53     and exploitation, and, according to the United States Department of Education Office for Civil
54     Rights, racial harassment denies students their rights;

55          WHEREAS, Native American names, imagery, symbols, regalia, and characterizations
56     as school or team mascots symbolize a previous era when white Americans constructed
57     inaccurate portrayals of Native Americans to assert their dominance over Native Americans;
58          WHEREAS, such inaccurate portrayals and caricatures strip elements of Native
59     American culture of their sacred meaning and dignity;
60          WHEREAS, hundreds of tribal governments, organizations, and citizens have
61     encouraged schools and other sports teams to retire Native American mascots for the last 50
62     years, and while many schools and athletic teams have stopped using Native American
63     mascots, the tradition persists in some regions;
64          WHEREAS, the National Collegiate Athletic Association requires all participating
65     institutions of higher education to retire Native American mascots except in situations where
66     specific tribal names are used with the express permission from that tribe's legitimate
67     government, and with consensual terms of agreement open to renegotiation;
68          WHEREAS, it is widely recognized and respected that images of other historically
69     subordinated racial and ethnic minority groups are not used as mascots due to the racially
70     discriminating and dehumanizing implications;
71          WHEREAS, despite the rights of a sovereign Native American nation to determine how
72     its identity and citizens are portrayed, Native American mascots were created without
73     permission from Native Americans, and the names and imagery used in these school mascots
74     are dehumanizing to Native Americans and perpetuate insulting stereotypes;
75          WHEREAS, because Native American mascots are among the few depictions of Native
76     Americans in American culture, and because those depictions are often savage in nature, they
77     send powerful and damaging messages to all students about the place of Native Americans in
78     their school, community, state, and country, especially if students have little contact with
79     Native Americans;
80          WHEREAS, in 2005 the American Psychological Association called for schools and
81     athletic organizations to immediately retire the use of Native American mascots because of the
82     damaging effects these mascots have on the self-esteem and heritage of Native American youth
83     and the misleading messages they send about all Native Americans;
84          WHEREAS, there is a growing body of research about how using Native American
85     school mascots creates a school environment that is deeply harmful to Native American

86     students' social and emotional health and development, and is directly related to the high
87     suicide rate of Native American youth and the high rate of violence against Native American
88     peoples;
89          WHEREAS, a 2017 study by the United States Department of Health and Human
90     Services found that suicide was the second leading cause of death for Native Americans aged
91     10 to 34, and the overall death rate for Native American teenage girls was three times higher
92     than the death rate for white teenage girls;
93          WHEREAS, Native American students in Utah's public education system are less likely
94     to graduate from high school than white students and have lower academic outcomes than
95     many of their peers; and
96          WHEREAS, school leaders in the public education system have an opportunity to
97     thoughtfully engage with those who have been harmed by Native American school mascots and
98     create a process to conscientiously assure respect and honor to Native Americans:
99          NOW, THEREFORE, BE IT RESOLVED that the Legislature of the state of Utah, the
100     Governor concurring therein, hereby encourage all schools in the public education system with
101     Native American mascots -- including names, imagery, symbols, regalia, and characterizations
102     -- to engage with Native American communities and together consider retiring these mascots
103     out of respect for the cultural and spiritual traditions and practices of their Native American
104     neighbors.
105          BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that the Legislature and Governor encourage the State
106     Board of Education and local education agencies (LEAs) to include instruction on the history
107     and culture of Native Americans in public school curriculum, specifically the Native
108     Americans who were first on the land in each LEA's geographic region and who live there now.
109          BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that the Legislature and Governor hereby encourage all
110     Utah citizens -- including non-Native American citizens -- to learn about the history and
111     heritage of Native Americans, including the history of indigenous peoples who live on and
112     have lived on Utah lands.