Chief Sponsor: Curtis S. Bramble

House Sponsor: Steve Eliason


8     General Description:
9          This bill enacts and modifies provisions related to the State Tax Commission's
10     collection processes.
11     Highlighted Provisions:
12          This bill:
13          ▸     defines terms;
14          ▸     allows the State Tax Commission to authorize a private collector to contract with a
15     third party;
16          ▸     addresses the information the State Tax Commission may disclose to a private
17     collector and allows the private collector to provide any relevant information to a
18     contracted third party;
19          ▸     if a taxpayer owes a liability to the State Tax Commission, authorizes the State Tax
20     Commission to issue an administrative garnishment order against the taxpayer's
21     personal property that is in possession of another person; and
22          ▸     addresses the procedural and substantive requirements of an administrative
23     garnishment order.
24     Money Appropriated in this Bill:
25          None
26     Other Special Clauses:
27          This bill provides a special effective date.
28     Utah Code Sections Affected:

29     AMENDS:
30          59-1-1101, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2000, Chapter 182
31          59-1-1102, as enacted by Laws of Utah 1994, Chapter 165
32     ENACTS:
33          59-1-1420, Utah Code Annotated 1953

35     Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
36          Section 1. Section 59-1-1101 is amended to read:
37          59-1-1101. Private collection of tax -- Fee.
38          (1) The [tax] commission is authorized to employ private collectors for the collection
39     of accounts that are unpaid over 12 months after the assessment date.
40          (2) Up to, but no more than, 33% of the money collected may be used to offset the
41     payment to a private collector.
42          (3) The commission may authorize a private collector described in Subsection (1) to
43     contract with a third party for services for the collection of accounts that the commission refers
44     to the private collector.
45          Section 2. Section 59-1-1102 is amended to read:
46          59-1-1102. Disclosure of tax information -- Confidentiality.
47          (1) (a) Notwithstanding Section 59-1-403, if the commission refers a debt related to a
48     tax, fee, or charge as defined in Section 59-1-401 to a private collector under Section
49     59-1-1101, the commission may disclose [the tax due,] to the private collector the following
50     information related to the debt:
51          (i) the name of the taxpayer[, and];
52          (ii) the taxpayer's contact information, including address and phone number [when any
53     tax is referred to a private collector under Section 59-1-1101.];
54          (iii) the amount of the debt;
55          (iv) other information that identifies the taxpayer; or

56          (v) a combination of the information described in Subsections (1)(a)(i) through (iv).
57          (b) This disclosure may not be made if it would be in violation of Section 6103 [of
58     the], Internal Revenue Code.
59          (2) Subject to Subsections (1)(b) and (3), if the commission authorizes a private
60     collector to contract with a third party under Section 59-1-1101, the private collector may
61     disclose to the third party the information described in Subsection (1)(a) that the commission
62     discloses to the private collector and that relates to services the third party provides to the
63     private collector.
64          [(2)] (3) [Any] A private collector or a third party described in Subsection (2) is subject
65     to the confidentiality requirements and penalty provisions provided in Section 59-1-403 with
66     regard to [these records] information disclosed in accordance with this section.
67          Section 3. Section 59-1-1420 is enacted to read:
68          59-1-1420. Administrative garnishment order for liability.
69          (1) As used in this section:
70          (a) "Administrative garnishment order" includes a continuing administrative
71     garnishment order issued under this section.
72          (b) "Disposable earnings" means the same as that term is defined in Section
73     70C-7-103.
74          (c) "Garnishee" means a person to whom the commission issues an administrative
75     garnishment order under this section.
76          (d) "Nonexempt periodic payment" means any recurring payment that, under Title 78B,
77     Chapter 5, Part 5, Utah Exemptions Act, is not exempt from the judicial process to collect an
78     unsecured debt.
79          (2) (a) Subject to Subsection (3), if a taxpayer owes a liability, the commission may
80     issue an administrative garnishment order against the taxpayer's personal property, including
81     wages, in the possession or control of a person other than the taxpayer in the same manner and
82     with the same effect as if the order were a writ of garnishment issued by a court with

83     jurisdiction.
84          (b) In addition to the underlying liability, the commission may satisfy through an
85     administrative garnishment any costs or fees incurred by the commission as a result of issuing
86     the administrative garnishment order.
87          (3) The commission may issue an administrative garnishment order to a person
88     described in Subsection (2) if:
89          (a) the commission has filed a warrant against the taxpayer for the underlying liability
90     in accordance with Section 59-1-1414; and
91          (b) the commission's executive director or the executive director's designee signs the
92     administrative garnishment order.
93          (4) An administrative garnishment order issued in accordance with this section is
94     subject to the procedures and due process protections provided by Rule 64D, Utah Rules of
95     Civil Procedure.
96          (5) The maximum portion of a taxpayer's disposable earnings subject to garnishment
97     under this section is the lesser of:
98          (a) 25% of the taxpayer's disposable earnings; or
99          (b) the amount by which the taxpayer's disposable earnings for a pay period exceeds
100     the number of weeks in that pay period multiplied by 30 times the federal minimum wage as
101     provided in 29 U.S.C. Sec. 201 et seq., Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938.
102          (6) Upon agreement by the garnishee, the parties to an administrative garnishment
103     order may accept and transmit documents relating to the administrative garnishment order by
104     electronic means, including service of process, proof of service, interrogatories, answers, and
105     any other information shared between the garnishee and the commission.
106          (7) In an administrative garnishment order issued under this section, the commission
107     shall:
108          (a) identify the taxpayer, including:
109          (i) the taxpayer's name and address; and

110          (ii) if known:
111          (A) the last four digits of the taxpayer's social security number, or the taxpayer's full
112     social security number, if the taxpayer's full social security number is required by federal law;
113     and
114          (B) the taxpayer's date of birth;
115          (b) contain a statement that includes:
116          (i) if known, the nature, location, account number, and estimated value of the property
117     subject to administrative garnishment;
118          (ii) if known, the name, address, and phone number of the person holding the property
119     subject to administrative garnishment; and
120          (iii) the name, address, and phone number of any person claiming an interest in the
121     property described in Subsection (7)(b)(i) or (ii);
122          (c) state whether any of the property subject to administrative garnishment consists of
123     earnings;
124          (d) state the outstanding amount owed under the warrant described in Subsection
125     (3)(a);
126          (e) state the amount of any applicable costs or fees included in the administrative
127     garnishment;
128          (f) state the manner in which the garnishee shall deliver the property to the
129     commission; and
130          (g) state that the commission shall pay the garnishee the fee described in Subsection
131     78A-2-216.
132          (8) As part of the administrative garnishment order, the commission shall serve on the
133     garnishee the following interrogatories:
134          (a) whether the garnishee is indebted to the taxpayer and, if so, the nature of the
135     indebtedness;
136          (b) whether the garnishee possesses or controls any property of the taxpayer, and, if so,

137     the nature, location, and estimated value of the property;
138          (c) whether the garnishee knows of any property of the taxpayer in the possession or
139     control of another person, and if so, the following information about the property:
140          (i) the nature;
141          (ii) the location; and
142          (iii) the estimated value;
143          (d) (i) whether the garnishee intends to deduct from the property a liquidated claim
144     against the taxpayer;
145          (ii) a description of any claim described in Subsection (8)(d)(i); and
146          (iii) the amount deducted, if any;
147          (e) the date and manner of the garnishee's service of the documents described in
148     Subsection (9)(c) on the taxpayer and any third party;
149          (f) the date on which the taxpayer was previously served with any continuing
150     administrative garnishment order;
151          (g) any other relevant information the commission requests, including:
152          (i) the taxpayer's position;
153          (ii) the taxpayer's rate of pay;
154          (iii) the taxpayer's compensation method;
155          (iv) the taxpayer's pay period; and
156          (v) a computation of the taxpayer's disposable earnings.
157          (9) Within seven days after the day on which an administrative garnishment order is
158     served, the garnishee shall:
159          (a) answer each interrogatory described in Subsection (8);
160          (b) serve the answers to the interrogatories on the commission;
161          (c) serve the taxpayer and any other person known to the garnishee to have an interest
162     in the property a copy of:
163          (i) the administrative garnishment order; and

164          (ii) the answers to the interrogatories described in Subsection (9)(b); and
165          (d) inform the taxpayer of the taxpayer's right to reply to the answers described in
166     Subsection (9)(b) and request a hearing as provided by Rule 64D, Utah Rules of Civil
167     Procedure.
168          (10) (a) A garnishee who acts in accordance with this section and the administrative
169     garnishment order is released from liability unless an answer to an interrogatory is successfully
170     controverted.
171          (b) Except as provided in Subsection (10)(c), if a garnishee fails to comply with the
172     administrative garnishment order without a court or final administrative order directing
173     otherwise, the garnishee is liable for an amount including:
174          (i) the lesser of the value of the property or the balance owed under the warrant
175     described in Subsection (3)(a);
176          (ii) reasonable costs and fees; and
177          (iii) attorney fees incurred by the parties as a result of the garnishee's failure.
178          (c) If a garnishee demonstrates that the garnishee took reasonable steps to secure the
179     property, the commission may excuse the garnishee of liability in whole or in part.
180          (11) If the commission files a motion for an order to show cause to enforce an
181     administrative garnishment order under this section, the commission shall attach to the motion
182     a statement that the commission has in good faith conferred or attempted to confer with the
183     garnishee in an effort to settle the issue without court action.
184          (12) A garnishee is not liable for drawing, accepting, making, or endorsing a negotiable
185     instrument that is not in the possession or control of the garnishee at the time the administrative
186     garnishment order is served.
187          (13) A garnishee may deduct from the property any liquidated claim against the
188     taxpayer.
189          (14) (a) If a debt owed by the taxpayer to the garnishee is secured by the property
190     subject to the administrative garnishment order, the commission may apply the property to the

191     debt.
192          (b) An administrative garnishment order described in Subsection (14)(a) remains in
193     effect regardless of whether the commission applies the property to the debt.
194          (15) (a) The commission may issue a continuing administrative garnishment order
195     against any nonexempt periodic payment.
196          (b) A continuing administrative garnishment order applies to payments to the taxpayer:
197          (i) beginning on the day on which the continuing administrative garnishment order is
198     served; and
199          (ii) ending on the earlier of:
200          (A) subject to Subsection (15)(c), one year after the day on which the continuing
201     administrative garnishment order is served;
202          (B) 120 days after the day on which a second or subsequent continuing administrative
203     garnishment against the taxpayer is served;
204          (C) the day on which the last nonexempt periodic payment subject to the continuing
205     administrative garnishment order occurs;
206          (D) the day on which the warrant described in Subsection (3)(a) is stayed, vacated, or
207     satisfied in full; or
208          (E) the day on which the commission releases the continuing administrative
209     garnishment order.
210          (c) If the commission issues a continuing administrative garnishment order during the
211     term of another continuing administrative garnishment order against the same taxpayer, the
212     period described in Subsection (15)(b)(i) is tolled if the other continuing administrative
213     garnishment order:
214          (i) is in effect at the time the commission serves the subsequent continuing
215     administrative garnishment order; and
216          (ii) requires payments greater than or equal to the maximum portion of disposable
217     earnings described in Subsection (5).

218          (d) For each periodic payment period, no later than seven days after the day on which
219     the periodic payment period ends, the garnishee shall:
220          (i) answer each interrogatory described in Subsection (8);
221          (ii) serve the answers to the interrogatories on the commission, the taxpayer, and any
222     other person known to the garnishee to have an interest in the property; and
223          (iii) deliver the property to the commission in the manner specified in the continuing
224     administrative garnishment order.
225          (16) (a) The commission may not name more than one garnishee in an administrative
226     garnishment order.
227          (b) Priority among garnishments is according to the order of service on the garnishee.
228          (c) An administrative garnishment order applies to earnings accruing during the pay
229     period in which the order is effective.
230          (17) This section is subject to Title 78B, Chapter 5, Part 5, Utah Exemptions Act.
231          Section 4. Effective date.
232          This bill takes effect July 1, 2021.