7 LONG TITLE
8 General Description:
9 This bill amends provisions related to public education.
10 Highlighted Provisions:
11 This bill:
12 ▸ defines terms;
13 ▸ requires a local education agency to:
14 • provide parents with access to curriculum that the local education agency uses;
16 • for each grading period, provide a student a grade or performance report for
17 each course in which the student is enrolled that reflects the student's work,
18 including the student's progress based on mastery, during the grading period;
19 ▸ requires a local education agency to provide a student enrolled in an online course
20 and the student's parent with access to certain information;
21 ▸ repeals requirements related to the State Charter School Board reviewing the
22 application for a charter school seeking authorization from an institution of higher
23 education board of trustees; and
24 ▸ makes technical and conforming changes.
25 Money Appropriated in this Bill:
27 Other Special Clauses:
29 Utah Code Sections Affected:
31 53G-4-402, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2020, Chapter 347
32 53G-5-306, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2020, Chapter 365
33 53G-5-404, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2020, Chapters 30 and 192
35 53G-6-804, Utah Code Annotated 1953
37 Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
38 Section 1. Section 53G-4-402 is amended to read:
39 53G-4-402. Powers and duties generally.
40 (1) A local school board shall:
41 (a) implement the core standards for Utah public schools using instructional materials
42 that best correlate to the core standards for Utah public schools and graduation requirements;
43 (b) administer tests, required by the state board, which measure the progress of each
44 student, and coordinate with the state superintendent and state board to assess results and create
45 plans to improve the student's progress, which shall be submitted to the state board for
47 (c) use progress-based assessments as part of a plan to identify schools, teachers, and
48 students that need remediation and determine the type and amount of federal, state, and local
49 resources to implement remediation;
50 (d) for each grading period and for each course in which a student is enrolled, issue a
51 grade or performance report to the student:
52 (i) that reflects the student's work, including the student's progress based on mastery,
53 for the grading period; and
54 (ii) in accordance with the local school board's adopted grading or performance
55 standards and criteria;
58 consistent with state and federal regulations, for use by the local districts;
60 management training, best practices in instructional methods, budget training, staff
61 management, managing for learning results and continuous improvement, and how to help
62 every child achieve optimal learning in basic academic subjects; and
64 standards described in Section 53E-3-501.
65 (2) Local school boards shall spend Minimum School Program funds for programs and
66 activities for which the state board has established minimum standards or rules under Section
68 (3) (a) A local school board may purchase, sell, and make improvements on school
69 sites, buildings, and equipment and construct, erect, and furnish school buildings.
70 (b) School sites or buildings may only be conveyed or sold on local school board
71 resolution affirmed by at least two-thirds of the members.
72 (4) (a) A local school board may participate in the joint construction or operation of a
73 school attended by children residing within the district and children residing in other districts
74 either within or outside the state.
75 (b) Any agreement for the joint operation or construction of a school shall:
76 (i) be signed by the president of the local school board of each participating district;
77 (ii) include a mutually agreed upon pro rata cost; and
78 (iii) be filed with the state board.
79 (5) A local school board may establish, locate, and maintain elementary, secondary,
80 and applied technology schools.
81 (6) Except as provided in Section 53E-3-905, a local school board may enroll children
82 in school who are at least five years of age before September 2 of the year in which admission
83 is sought.
84 (7) A local school board may establish and support school libraries.
85 (8) A local school board may collect damages for the loss, injury, or destruction of
86 school property.
87 (9) A local school board may authorize guidance and counseling services for children
88 and their parents before, during, or following enrollment of the children in schools.
89 (10) (a) A local school board shall administer and implement federal educational
90 programs in accordance with Title 53E, Chapter 3, Part 8, Implementing Federal or National
91 Education Programs.
92 (b) Federal funds are not considered funds within the school district budget under
93 Chapter 7, Part 3, Budgets.
94 (11) (a) A local school board may organize school safety patrols and adopt policies
95 under which the patrols promote student safety.
96 (b) A student appointed to a safety patrol shall be at least 10 years old and have written
97 parental consent for the appointment.
98 (c) Safety patrol members may not direct vehicular traffic or be stationed in a portion
99 of a highway intended for vehicular traffic use.
100 (d) Liability may not attach to a school district, its employees, officers, or agents or to a
101 safety patrol member, a parent of a safety patrol member, or an authorized volunteer assisting
102 the program by virtue of the organization, maintenance, or operation of a school safety patrol.
103 (12) (a) A local school board may on its own behalf, or on behalf of an educational
104 institution for which the local school board is the direct governing body, accept private grants,
105 loans, gifts, endowments, devises, or bequests that are made for educational purposes.
106 (b) These contributions are not subject to appropriation by the Legislature.
107 (13) (a) A local school board may appoint and fix the compensation of a compliance
108 officer to issue citations for violations of Subsection 76-10-105(2)(b).
109 (b) A person may not be appointed to serve as a compliance officer without the
110 person's consent.
111 (c) A teacher or student may not be appointed as a compliance officer.
112 (14) A local school board shall adopt bylaws and policies for the local school board's
113 own procedures.
114 (15) (a) A local school board shall make and enforce policies necessary for the control
115 and management of the district schools.
116 (b) Local school board policies shall be in writing, filed, and referenced for public
118 (16) A local school board may hold school on legal holidays other than Sundays.
119 (17) (a) A local school board shall establish for each school year a school traffic safety
120 committee to implement this Subsection (17).
121 (b) The committee shall be composed of one representative of:
122 (i) the schools within the district;
123 (ii) the Parent Teachers' Association of the schools within the district;
124 (iii) the municipality or county;
125 (iv) state or local law enforcement; and
126 (v) state or local traffic safety engineering.
127 (c) The committee shall:
128 (i) receive suggestions from school community councils, parents, teachers, and others
129 and recommend school traffic safety improvements, boundary changes to enhance safety, and
130 school traffic safety program measures;
131 (ii) review and submit annually to the Department of Transportation and affected
132 municipalities and counties a child access routing plan for each elementary, middle, and junior
133 high school within the district;
134 (iii) consult the Utah Safety Council and the Division of Family Health Services and
135 provide training to all school children in kindergarten through grade 6, within the district, on
136 school crossing safety and use; and
137 (iv) help ensure the district's compliance with rules made by the Department of
138 Transportation under Section 41-6a-303.
139 (d) The committee may establish subcommittees as needed to assist in accomplishing
141 (18) (a) A local school board shall adopt and implement a comprehensive emergency
142 response plan to prevent and combat violence in the local school board's public schools, on
143 school grounds, on its school vehicles, and in connection with school-related activities or
145 (b) The plan shall:
146 (i) include prevention, intervention, and response components;
147 (ii) be consistent with the student conduct and discipline policies required for school
148 districts under Chapter 11, Part 2, Miscellaneous Requirements;
149 (iii) require professional learning for all district and school building staff on what their
150 roles are in the emergency response plan;
151 (iv) provide for coordination with local law enforcement and other public safety
152 representatives in preventing, intervening, and responding to violence in the areas and activities
153 referred to in Subsection (18)(a); and
154 (v) include procedures to notify a student, to the extent practicable, who is off campus
155 at the time of a school violence emergency because the student is:
156 (A) participating in a school-related activity; or
157 (B) excused from school for a period of time during the regular school day to
158 participate in religious instruction at the request of the student's parent.
159 (c) The state board, through the state superintendent, shall develop comprehensive
160 emergency response plan models that local school boards may use, where appropriate, to
161 comply with Subsection (18)(a).
162 (d) A local school board shall, by July 1 of each year, certify to the state board that its
163 plan has been practiced at the school level and presented to and reviewed by its teachers,
164 administrators, students, and their parents and local law enforcement and public safety
166 (19) (a) A local school board may adopt an emergency response plan for the treatment
167 of sports-related injuries that occur during school sports practices and events.
168 (b) The plan may be implemented by each secondary school in the district that has a
169 sports program for students.
170 (c) The plan may:
171 (i) include emergency personnel, emergency communication, and emergency
172 equipment components;
173 (ii) require professional learning on the emergency response plan for school personnel
174 who are involved in sports programs in the district's secondary schools; and
175 (iii) provide for coordination with individuals and agency representatives who:
176 (A) are not employees of the school district; and
177 (B) would be involved in providing emergency services to students injured while
178 participating in sports events.
179 (d) The local school board, in collaboration with the schools referred to in Subsection
180 (19)(b), may review the plan each year and make revisions when required to improve or
181 enhance the plan.
182 (e) The state board, through the state superintendent, shall provide local school boards
183 with an emergency plan response model that local school boards may use to comply with the
184 requirements of this Subsection (19).
185 (20) A local school board shall do all other things necessary for the maintenance,
186 prosperity, and success of the schools and the promotion of education.
187 (21) (a) Before closing a school or changing the boundaries of a school, a local school
188 board shall:
189 (i) at least 120 days before approving the school closure or school boundary change,
190 provide notice to the following that the local school board is considering the closure or
191 boundary change:
192 (A) parents of students enrolled in the school, using the same form of communication
193 the local school board regularly uses to communicate with parents;
194 (B) parents of students enrolled in other schools within the school district that may be
195 affected by the closure or boundary change, using the same form of communication the local
196 school board regularly uses to communicate with parents; and
197 (C) the governing council and the mayor of the municipality in which the school is
199 (ii) provide an opportunity for public comment on the proposed school closure or
200 school boundary change during at least two public local school board meetings; and
201 (iii) hold a public hearing as defined in Section 10-9a-103 and provide public notice of
202 the public hearing as described in Subsection (21)(b).
203 (b) The notice of a public hearing required under Subsection (21)(a)(iii) shall:
204 (i) indicate the:
205 (A) school or schools under consideration for closure or boundary change; and
206 (B) the date, time, and location of the public hearing;
207 (ii) at least 10 days before the public hearing, be:
208 (A) published:
209 (I) in a newspaper of general circulation in the area; and
210 (II) on the Utah Public Notice Website created in Section 63F-1-701; and
211 (B) posted in at least three public locations within the municipality in which the school
212 is located on the school district's official website, and prominently at the school; and
213 (iii) at least 30 days before the public hearing described in Subsection (21)(a)(iii), be
214 provided as described in Subsections (21)(a)(i)(A), (B), and (C).
215 (22) A local school board may implement a facility energy efficiency program
216 established under Title 11, Chapter 44, Performance Efficiency Act.
217 (23) A local school board may establish or partner with a certified youth court
218 program, in accordance with Section 78A-6-1203, or establish or partner with a comparable
219 restorative justice program, in coordination with schools in that district. A school may refer a
220 student to youth court or a comparable restorative justice program in accordance with Section
222 (24) A local school board shall:
223 (a) make curriculum that the school district uses readily accessible and available for a
224 parent to view;
225 (b) annually notify a parent of a student enrolled in the school district of how to access
226 the information described in Subsection (24)(a); and
227 (c) include on the school district's website information about how to access the
228 information described in Subsection (24)(a).
229 Section 2. Section 53G-5-306 is amended to read:
230 53G-5-306. Charter schools authorized by a board of trustees of a higher
231 education institution -- Application process -- Board of trustees responsibilities.
232 (1) Except as provided in Subsection (6), an applicant identified in Section 53G-5-302
233 may enter into an agreement with a board of trustees of a higher education institution
234 authorizing the applicant to establish and operate a charter school.
235 (2) (a) An applicant applying for authorization from a board of trustees to establish and
236 operate a charter school shall provide a copy of the application to [
238 will be located either before or at the same time the applicant files the application with the
239 board of trustees.
240 (b) The [
241 application and offer suggestions or recommendations to the applicant or the board of trustees
242 before acting on the application.
243 (c) The board of trustees shall give due consideration to suggestions or
244 recommendations made by [
245 Subsection (2)(b).
246 (3) The state board shall make a rule providing a timeline for the opening of a charter
247 school following the approval of a charter school application by a board of trustees.
248 (4) After approval of a charter school application, the applicant and the board of
249 trustees shall set forth the terms and conditions for the operation of the charter school in a
250 written charter agreement.
251 (5) (a) The school's charter agreement may include a provision that the charter school
252 pay an annual fee for the board of trustees' costs in providing oversight of, and technical
253 support to, the charter school in accordance with Section 53G-5-205.
254 (b) In the first two years that a charter school is in operation, an annual fee described in
255 Subsection (5)(a) may not exceed the product of 3% of the revenue the charter school receives
256 from the state in the current fiscal year.
257 (c) Beginning with the third year that a charter school is in operation, an annual fee
258 described in Subsection (5)(a) may not exceed the product of 1% of the revenue a charter
259 school receives from the state in the current fiscal year.
260 (d) An annual fee described in Subsection (5)(a) shall be:
261 (i) paid to the board of trustees' higher education institution; and
262 (ii) expended as directed by the board of trustees.
263 (6) (a) In addition to complying with the requirements of this section, a technical
264 college board of trustees described in Section 53B-2a-108 shall obtain the approval of the Utah
265 Board of Higher Education before entering into an agreement to establish and operate a charter
267 (b) If a technical college board of trustees approves an application to establish and
268 operate a charter school, the technical college board of trustees shall submit the application to
269 the Utah Board of Higher Education.
270 (c) The Utah Board of Higher Education shall, by majority vote, within 60 days of
271 receipt of an application described in Subsection (6)(b), approve or deny the application.
272 (d) The Utah Board of Higher Education may deny an application approved by a
273 technical college board of trustees if the proposed charter school does not accomplish a
274 purpose of charter schools as provided in Section 53G-5-104.
275 (e) A charter school application may not be denied on the basis that the establishment
276 of the charter school will have any or all of the following impacts on a public school, including
277 another charter school:
278 (i) an enrollment decline;
279 (ii) a decrease in funding; or
280 (iii) a modification of programs or services.
281 (7) (a) Subject to the requirements of this chapter and other related provisions, a
282 technical college board of trustees may establish:
283 (i) procedures for submitting applications to establish and operate a charter school; or
284 (ii) criteria for approval of an application to establish and operate a charter school.
285 (b) The Utah Board of Higher Education may not establish policy governing the
286 procedures or criteria described in Subsection (7)(a).
287 (8) Before a technical college board of trustees accepts a charter school application, the
288 technical college board of trustees shall, in accordance with state board rules, establish and
289 make public:
290 (a) application requirements, in accordance with Section 53G-5-302;
291 (b) the application process, including timelines, in accordance with this section; and
292 (c) minimum academic, financial, and enrollment standards.
293 Section 3. Section 53G-5-404 is amended to read:
294 53G-5-404. Requirements for charter schools.
295 (1) A charter school shall be nonsectarian in its programs, admission policies,
296 employment practices, and operations.
297 (2) A charter school may not charge tuition or fees, except those fees normally charged
298 by other public schools.
299 (3) A charter school shall meet all applicable federal, state, and local health, safety, and
300 civil rights requirements.
301 (4) (a) A charter school shall:
302 (i) make the same annual reports required of other public schools under this public
303 education code, including an annual financial audit report described in Section 53G-4-404;
304 (ii) ensure that the charter school meets the data and reporting standards described in
305 Section 53E-3-501; and
306 (iii) use fund and program accounting methods and standardized account codes capable
307 of producing financial reports that comply with:
308 (A) generally accepted accounting principles;
309 (B) the financial reporting requirements applicable to LEAs established by the state
310 board under Section 53E-3-501; and
311 (C) accounting report standards established by the state auditor as described in Section
313 (b) Before, and as a condition for opening a charter school:
314 (i) a charter school shall:
315 (A) certify to the authorizer that the charter school's accounting methods meet the
316 requirements described in Subsection (4)(a)(iii); or
317 (B) if the authorizer requires, conduct a performance demonstration to verify that the
318 charter school's accounting methods meet the requirements described in Subsection (4)(a)(iii);
320 (ii) the authorizer shall certify to the state board that the charter school's accounting
321 methods meet the requirements described in Subsection (4)(a)(iii).
322 (c) A charter school shall file the charter school's annual financial audit report with the
323 Office of the State Auditor within six months of the end of the fiscal year.
324 (d) For the limited purpose of compliance with federal and state law governing use of
325 public education funds, including restricted funds, and making annual financial audit reports
326 under this section, a charter school is a government entity governed by the public education
328 (5) (a) A charter school shall be accountable to the charter school's authorizer for
329 performance as provided in the school's charter agreement.
330 (b) To measure the performance of a charter school, an authorizer may use data
331 contained in:
332 (i) the charter school's annual financial audit report;
333 (ii) a report submitted by the charter school as required by statute; or
334 (iii) a report submitted by the charter school as required by its charter agreement.
335 (c) A charter school authorizer may not impose performance standards, except as
336 permitted by statute, that limit, infringe, or prohibit a charter school's ability to successfully
337 accomplish the purposes of charter schools as provided in Section 53G-5-104 or as otherwise
338 provided in law.
339 (6) A charter school may not advocate unlawful behavior.
340 (7) Except as provided in Section 53G-5-305, a charter school shall be organized and
341 managed under Title 16, Chapter 6a, Utah Revised Nonprofit Corporation Act, after its
343 (8) A charter school shall provide adequate liability and other appropriate insurance,
345 (a) general liability, errors and omissions, and directors and officers liability coverage
346 through completion of the closure of a charter school under Section 53G-5-504; and
347 (b) tail coverage or closeout insurance covering at least one year after closure of the
348 charter school.
349 (9) Beginning on July 1, 2014, a charter school, including a charter school that has not
350 yet opened, shall submit any lease, lease-purchase agreement, or other contract or agreement
351 relating to the charter school's facilities or financing of the charter school's facilities to the
352 school's authorizer and an attorney for review and advice before the charter school enters the
353 lease, agreement, or contract.
354 (10) A charter school may not employ an educator whose license is suspended or
355 revoked by the state board under Section 53E-6-604.
356 (11) (a) Each charter school shall register and maintain the charter school's registration
357 as a limited purpose entity, in accordance with Section 67-1a-15.
358 (b) A charter school that fails to comply with Subsection (11)(a) or Section 67-1a-15 is
359 subject to enforcement by the state auditor, in accordance with Section 67-3-1.
360 (c) If a charter school is an operating charter school with affiliated satellite charter
361 schools, as defined in Section 53G-5-303:
362 (i) the operating charter school shall register as a limited purpose entity as defined in
363 Section 67-1a-15;
364 (ii) each affiliated satellite charter school is not required to register separately from the
365 operating charter school; and
366 (iii) the operating charter school shall:
367 (A) register on behalf of each affiliated satellite charter school; and
368 (B) when submitting entity registry information under Section 67-1a-15 on behalf of
369 each affiliated satellite charter school, identify and distinguish registry information for each
370 affiliated satellite, including the address of each affiliated satellite charter school and the name
371 and contact information of a primary contact for each affiliated satellite charter school.
372 (12) (a) As used in this Subsection (12), "contracting entity" means a person with
373 which a charter school contracts.
374 (b) A charter school shall provide to the charter school's authorizer any information or
375 documents requested by the authorizer, including documents held by a subsidiary of the charter
376 school or a contracting entity:
377 (i) to confirm the charter school's compliance with state or federal law governing the
378 charter school's finances or governance; or
379 (ii) to carry out the authorizer's statutory obligations, including liquidation and
380 assignment of assets, and payment of debt in accordance with state board rule, as described in
381 Section 53G-5-504.
382 (c) A charter school shall comply with a request described in Subsection (12)(b),
383 including after an authorizer recommends closure of the charter school or terminates the charter
384 school's contract.
385 (d) Documents held by a contracting entity or subsidiary of a charter school that are
386 necessary to demonstrate the charter school's compliance with state or federal law are the
387 property of the charter school.
388 (e) A charter school shall include in an agreement with a subsidiary of the charter
389 school or a contracting entity a provision that stipulates that documents held by the subsidiary
390 or a contracting entity, that are necessary to demonstrate the charter school's financial
391 compliance with federal or state law, are the property of the charter school.
392 (13) For each grading period and for each course in which a student is enrolled, a
393 charter school shall issue a grade or performance report to the student:
394 (a) that reflects the student's work, including the student's progress based on mastery,
395 for the grading period; and
396 (b) in accordance with the charter school's adopted grading or performance standards
397 and criteria.
398 (14) A charter school shall:
399 (a) make curriculum that the charter school uses readily accessible and available for a
400 parent to view;
401 (b) annually notify a parent of a student enrolled in the charter school of how to access
402 the information described in Subsection (14)(a); and
403 (c) include on the charter school's website information about how to access the
404 information described in Subsection (14)(a).
405 Section 4. Section 53G-6-804 is enacted to read:
406 53G-6-804. Parent access to learning management system for online courses --
408 (1) As used in this section:
409 (a) "Learning management system" means a software application for the
410 administration, documentation, tracking, reporting, automation, or delivery of an online course.
411 (b) "Online course" means a course that an LEA provides to a student over the Internet.
412 (2) An LEA that uses a learning management system for an online course shall
414 (a) to the parent of a student enrolled in the online course, access to the learning
415 management system, including, at a minimum:
416 (i) the curriculum used for the course; and
417 (ii) information about the progress and learning of the parent's student, including
418 assessment results; and
419 (b) to a student enrolled in the course and the student's parent, training or orientation to
420 help the student and student's parent understand how to access:
421 (i) the learning management system;
422 (ii) the online course; and
423 (iii) any online tools used to deliver the online course or instruction.