7 LONG TITLE
8 General Description:
9 This bill amends provisions relating to the Utah Indigent Defense Commission.
10 Highlighted Provisions:
11 This bill:
12 ▸ changes the term "director" to "executive director" in Title 78B, Chapter 22,
13 Indigent Defense Act;
14 ▸ provides that the Office of Indigent Defense Services is created under the Utah
15 Indigent Defense Commission;
16 ▸ provides that the Utah Indigent Defense Commission shall appoint, and may
17 remove, the executive director of the Office of Indigent Defense Services by a
18 majority vote of the commission; and
19 ▸ makes technical and conforming changes.
20 Money Appropriated in this Bill:
22 Other Special Clauses:
24 Utah Code Sections Affected:
26 78B-22-102, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2020, Chapters 371, 392, and 395
27 78B-22-451, as enacted by Laws of Utah 2020, Chapters 371, 392, 395 and last
28 amended by Coordination Clause, Laws of Utah 2020, Chapters 392, and 395
29 78B-22-453, as renumbered and amended by Laws of Utah 2020, Chapters 371, 392,
30 395 and last amended by Coordination Clause, Laws of Utah 2020, Chapters 392,
31 and 395
32 78B-22-802, as renumbered and amended by Laws of Utah 2020, Chapter 395
33 78B-22-903, as enacted by Laws of Utah 2020, Chapter 371
34 78B-22-904, as enacted by Laws of Utah 2020, Chapter 371
36 Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
37 Section 1. Section 78B-22-102 is amended to read:
38 78B-22-102. Definitions.
39 As used in this chapter:
40 (1) "Account" means the Indigent Defense Resources Restricted Account created in
41 Section 78B-22-405.
42 (2) "Board" means the Indigent Defense Funds Board created in Section 78B-22-501.
43 (3) "Commission" means the Utah Indigent Defense Commission created in Section
45 (4) [
46 Indigent Defense Services, created in Section 78B-22-451, who is appointed in accordance
47 with Section 78B-22-453.
48 (5) (a) "Indigent defense resources" means the resources necessary to provide an
49 effective defense for an indigent individual, including the costs for a competent investigator,
50 expert witness, scientific or medical testing, transcripts, and printing briefs.
51 (b) "Indigent defense resources" does not include an indigent defense service provider.
52 (6) "Indigent defense service provider" means an attorney or entity appointed to
53 represent an indigent individual pursuant to:
54 (a) a contract with an indigent defense system to provide indigent defense services; or
55 (b) an order issued by the court under Subsection 78B-22-203(2)(a).
56 (7) "Indigent defense services" means:
57 (a) the representation of an indigent individual by an indigent defense service provider;
59 (b) the provision of indigent defense resources for an indigent individual.
60 (8) "Indigent defense system" means:
61 (a) a city or town that is responsible for providing indigent defense services;
62 (b) a county that is responsible for providing indigent defense services in the district
63 court, juvenile court, and the county's justice courts; or
64 (c) an interlocal entity, created pursuant to Title 11, Chapter 13, Interlocal Cooperation
65 Act, that is responsible for providing indigent defense services according to the terms of an
66 agreement between a county, city, or town.
67 (9) "Indigent individual" means:
68 (a) a minor who is:
69 (i) arrested and admitted into detention for an offense under Section 78A-6-103;
70 (ii) charged by petition or information in the juvenile or district court; or
71 (iii) described in this Subsection (9)(a), who is appealing an adjudication or other final
72 court action; and
73 (b) an individual listed in Subsection 78B-22-201(1) who is found indigent pursuant to
74 Section 78B-22-202.
75 (10) "Minor" means the same as that term is defined in Section 78A-6-105.
76 (11) "Office" means the Office of Indigent Defense Services created in Section
78 (12) "Participating county" means a county that complies with this chapter for
79 participation in the Indigent Aggravated Murder Defense Trust Fund as provided in Sections
80 78B-22-702 and 78B-22-703.
81 Section 2. Section 78B-22-451 is amended to read:
82 78B-22-451. Office of Indigent Defense Services -- Creation.
83 There is created [
86 Section 3. Section 78B-22-453 is amended to read:
87 78B-22-453. Executive director -- Qualifications -- Staff.
90 (1) The commission:
91 (a) shall appoint the executive director, by a majority vote of the commission, to carry
92 out the duties of the office described in Section 78B-22-452; and
93 (b) may remove the executive director by majority vote of the commission.
94 (2) The executive director shall be an active member of the Utah State Bar with an
95 appropriate background and experience to serve as the full-time executive director.
96 (3) The executive director shall hire staff as necessary to carry out the duties of the
97 office as described in Section 78B-22-452, including:
98 (a) one individual who is an active member of the Utah State Bar to serve as a full-time
99 assistant director; and
100 (b) one individual with data collection and analysis skills.
101 (4) When appointing the executive director of the office under Subsection (1), the
103 shall give preference to an individual with experience in adult criminal defense, child welfare
104 parental defense, or juvenile delinquency defense.
105 (5) When hiring the assistant director, the executive director shall give preference to an
106 individual with experience in adult criminal defense, child welfare parental defense, or juvenile
107 delinquency defense.
108 Section 4. Section 78B-22-802 is amended to read:
109 78B-22-802. Child Welfare Parental Defense Program -- Creation -- Duties --
110 Annual report -- Budget.
111 (1) There is created within the office the Child Welfare Parental Defense Program.
112 (2) (a) The office shall:
113 (i) administer and enforce the program in accordance with this part;
114 (ii) manage the operation and budget of the program;
115 (iii) develop and provide educational and training programs for contracted parental
116 defense attorneys; and
117 (iv) provide information and advice to assist a contracted parental defense attorney to
118 comply with the attorney's professional, contractual, and ethical duties.
119 (b) In administering the program, the office shall contract with:
120 (i) a person who is qualified to perform the program duties under this section; and
121 (ii) an attorney, as an independent contractor, in accordance with Section 78B-22-803.
122 (3) (a) The executive director shall prepare a budget of:
123 (i) the administrative expenses for the program; and
124 (ii) the amount estimated to fund needed contracts and other costs.
125 (b) On or before October 1 of each year, the executive director shall report to the
126 governor and the Child Welfare Legislative Oversight Panel regarding the preceding fiscal year
127 on the operations, activities, and goals of the program.
128 Section 5. Section 78B-22-903 is amended to read:
129 78B-22-903. Powers and duties of the division.
130 (1) The division shall:
131 (a) provide appellate defense services in counties of the third, fourth, fifth, and sixth
132 class; and
133 (b) provide appellate defense services in accordance with the core principles adopted
134 by the commission under Section 78B-22-404 and any other state and federal standards for
135 appellate defense services.
136 (2) Upon consultation with the executive director and the commission, the division
138 (a) adopt a budget for the division;
139 (b) adopt and publish on the commission's website:
140 (i) appellate performance standards;
141 (ii) case weighting standards; and
142 (iii) any other relevant measures or information to assist with appellate defense
143 services; and
144 (c) if requested by the commission, provide a report to the commission on:
145 (i) the provision of appellate defense services by the division;
146 (ii) the caseloads of appellate attorneys; and
147 (iii) any other information relevant to appellate defense services in the state.
148 (3) If the division provides appellate defense services to an indigent individual in an
149 indigent defense system, the division shall provide notice to the district court and the indigent
150 defense system that the division intends to be appointed as counsel for the indigent individual.
151 (4) The office shall assist with providing training and continual legal education on
152 appellate defense to indigent defense service providers in counties of the third, fourth, fifth, and
153 sixth class.
154 Section 6. Section 78B-22-904 is amended to read:
155 78B-22-904. Chief appellate officer -- Qualifications -- Staff.
156 (1) (a) After consulting with the commission, the executive director shall appoint a
157 chief appellate officer.
158 (b) When appointing the chief appellate officer, the executive director shall give
159 preference to an individual with experience in adult criminal appellate defense representation.
160 (2) The chief appellate officer shall be an active member of the Utah State Bar with an
161 appropriate background and experience to serve as the chief appellate officer.
162 (3) The chief appellate officer shall carry out the duties of the division described in
163 Section 78B-22-903.
164 (4) The chief appellate officer shall:
165 (a) provide appellate defense services in a county of the third, fourth, fifth, or sixth
167 (b) hire staff as necessary to carry out the duties of the division described in Section
168 78B-22-903; and
169 (c) perform all other duties that are necessary for the division to carry out the division's
170 statutory duties.