Chief Sponsor: Melissa G. Ballard

Senate Sponsor: David P. Hinkins

7     Cosponsors:
8     Cheryl K. Acton
9     Stewart E. Barlow
10     Gay Lynn Bennion
11     Kera Birkeland
12     Jefferson S. Burton
13     Kay J. Christofferson
14     Clare Collard
15     Jennifer Dailey-Provost
16     Joel Ferry
Stephen G. Handy
Suzanne Harrison
Timothy D. Hawkes
Dan N. Johnson
Marsha Judkins
Brian S. King
Michael L. Kohler
Karen Kwan
Rosemary T. Lesser
Carol Spackman Moss
Merrill F. Nelson
Douglas V. Sagers
Robert M. Spendlove
Jeffrey D. Stenquist
Steve Waldrip
Christine F. Watkins
Elizabeth Weight
Mark A. Wheatley


19     General Description:
20          This concurrent resolution addresses improving air quality through encouraging rail
21     development and zero emission technology deployment.
22     Highlighted Provisions:
23          This resolution:
24          ▸     addresses air quality and its impacts in the state;
25          ▸     describes solutions to reduce air pollution;
26          ▸     describes the rail transportation impact on air quality;
27          ▸     acknowledges the role of certain governmental agencies in the shift of freight traffic
28     to rail;

29          ▸     highlights that technology solutions, including information and communications
30     technology and zero emission locomotives, can further reduce rail emission
31     impacts;
32          ▸     addresses funding and innovative procurement solutions;
33          ▸     encourages the phased replacement of existing locomotives used in railroad and
34     industrial plant switching services in nonattainment areas in the state with zero
35     emission locomotives; and
36          ▸     encourages the transition of rail transportation in general to zero emission
37     locomotives.
38     Special Clauses:
39          None

41     Be it resolved by the Legislature of the state of Utah, the Governor concurring therein:
42          WHEREAS, Utah continuously demonstrates the state's commitment to and interest in
43     the state's air quality;
44          WHEREAS, good air quality is a vital component of the economy and human health in
45     Utah and research conducted by Utah universities shows the harmful impacts of air pollution
46     on human health, with the greatest negative impact on the health of children, the elderly, and
47     those with compromised immune systems;
48          WHEREAS, for example, exposure to direct small particulate matter exacerbates
49     asthma, increases the risk of cancer, and leads to acute respiratory symptoms, bronchitis,
50     chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, heart attacks, nervous system effects, lost work days,
51     and premature death;
52          WHEREAS, there is now a broad range of technologically and economically viable
53     solutions to significantly reduce air pollution and ensure that future economic and population
54     growth does not compromise air quality;
55          WHEREAS, embracing zero emission technologies will help grow our state's robust
56     clean technology sector;

57          WHEREAS, as of 2017, railroad transportation contributed 9.2% of NOx and 1.4% of
58     the PM2.5 along the Wasatch Front;
59          WHEREAS, as of 2017, the Division of Air Quality found that locomotives used for
60     short line, industrial plant, and switch engine operations contributed 3.4% of NOx and 0.16%
61     of PM2.5 of the total Wasatch Front inventory of emissions, equivalent to approximately 1,828
62     tons of NOx and 19 tons of PM2.5;
63          WHEREAS, in addition to significant numbers of heavy haul freight locomotives
64     operating in and through the state, as of 2017 there were approximately 63 short line
65     locomotives, industrial plant locomotives, or switch engines operating in Utah;
66          WHEREAS, the majority of the short line locomotives, industrial plant locomotives,
67     and switch engines operating in Utah are legacy platforms certified to the United States
68     Environmental Protection Agency as meeting Tier 0 or Tier 0+ emission standards, and almost
69     all emissions from these locomotives occur within two of Utah's PM2.5 nonattainment areas
70     based on the United States National Ambient Air Quality Standards;
71          WHEREAS, under the federal Clean Air Act, an area where air pollution levels
72     persistently exceed a National Ambient Air Quality Standard may be designated as a
73     "nonattainment" area by the United States Environmental Protection Agency;
74          WHEREAS, designation as a nonattainment area requires the development of a State
75     Implementation Plan with increasing mandatory requirements if the area does not return to
76     attainment within prescribed timelines, and may result in the imposition of a Federal
77     Implementation Plan and sanctions that could impact the availability and use of federal
78     highway funds;
79          WHEREAS, the Utah Department of Transportation, other agencies of the state, and the
80     Utah Inland Port Authority, a political subdivision of the state, can play a vital role in
81     accelerating the modal shift of freight traffic to rail, helping to meet health and air quality
82     goals;
83          WHEREAS, the Utah Inland Port Authority anticipates assisting in the reduction of
84     trucks from the road and the modal shift to rail, while using the regulatory sandbox to test new

85     freight movement and cargo handling equipment at the inland port to increase use of zero
86     emission vehicles;
87          WHEREAS, to complement accelerating this modal shift to rail, a broad spectrum of
88     technologies, including information and communications technologies that enable more
89     efficient rail operation reducing fuel use and emissions, and entirely new locomotive power
90     technologies such as hydrogen fuel cell-electric and battery-electric, must be encouraged and
91     supported to further decrease total freight section emissions, including freight rail emissions;
92          WHEREAS, funding support and innovative procurement solutions made available
93     through the Utah Department of Transportation and the Utah Inland Port Authority can assist
94     private sector operators of short line locomotives, industrial plant locomotives, and switch
95     engines with transitioning to zero emission technologies, including for freight rail, that can
96     materially increase the state's air quality; and
97          WHEREAS, substantial federal funding is expected to be available to support this
98     transition, and the Utah Department of Transportation and the Utah Inland Port Authority
99     should maximize their efforts to secure the federal funding to facilitate deployment of zero
100     emission technologies, including freight rail, that can materially increase the state's air quality:
101          NOW, THEREFORE, BE IT RESOLVED that the Legislature of the state of Utah, the
102     Governor concurring therein, encourages the introduction of new zero emission locomotives
103     operated by short line locomotives, industrial plant locomotives, and switch engines in
104     nonattainment areas, a continued shift of freight transportation growth to rail to help meet the
105     state's air quality goals, phasing out legacy locomotive engines in short line, industrial plant,
106     and switch engine rail service in nonattainment areas in the state, and phasing in the use of zero
107     emission engines to 100% use by short line locomotives, industrial plant locomotives, and
108     switch engines by 2050.
109          BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that the Legislature and the Governor encourage, in
110     addition to short line locomotives, industrial plant locomotives, and switch engines all rail
111     transition to zero emission technologies, including commuter rail, passenger rail, and long haul
112     freight rail.