Representative Raymond P. Ward proposes the following substitute bill:





Chief Sponsor: Raymond P. Ward

Senate Sponsor: ____________


9     General Description:
10          This joint resolution addresses pollution, its impact on the environment, and ways to
11     efficiently promote clean air technology.
12     Highlighted Provisions:
13          This resolution:
14          ▸     describes the impact that pollution has on the environment;
15          ▸     recognizes the value of energy;
16          ▸     recognizes the negative impacts of government regulation and support of specific
17     technologies;
18          ▸     addresses international aspects of CO2 emissions;
19          ▸     supports the use of nation-wide border adjusted carbon fees and dividends as the
20     best way to encourage the development of clean energy technologies;
21          ▸     supports the principle of coupling a border adjusted carbon fee and dividend
22     program with a decrease of individual regulations on and government support for
23     individual industry segments or specific companies;
24          ▸     opposes any requirement of reparations from the fossil fuel industry; and
25          ▸     supports a loosening of federal requirements placed on the mining industry to

26     facilitate acquisition of the minerals needed for clean energy technologies.
27     Special Clauses:
28          None

30     Be it resolved by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
31          WHEREAS, CO2 is produced by large industries and small industries, and each of us as
32     individuals in the products that we purchase and the energy that we use;
33          WHEREAS, CO2 and other pollutants contribute to the warming of the environment;
34          WHEREAS, this global warming is not a hypothetical future, but is already happening,
35     as evidenced by an increase in average temperature over the last 60 years by 1 degree
36     Fahrenheit globally, 2 degrees Fahrenheit in Utah, and 7 degrees Fahrenheit in the Arctic
37     Circle;
38          WHEREAS, on a global scale, continued warming will almost certainly lead to many
39     unpredictable, but adverse outcomes;
40          WHEREAS, on a local level, increased heat would certainly mean decreased snow in
41     the winter and decreased available water supply due to increased evaporation losses in the
42     summer;
43          WHEREAS, humanity could not have attained the current level of prosperity without
44     the energy derived from fossil fuels, and abundant affordable energy is necessary for humanity
45     to continue to survive and prosper;
46          WHEREAS, there are many possible paths forward to generate the needed energy,
47     without creating CO2 emissions, including:
48          • solar power with battery storage;
49          • on and off-shore wind power;
50          • geothermal energy;
51          • clean hydrogen production;
52          • hydrocarbon production paired with carbon capture;
53          • nuclear energy;
54          • pump storage of intermittent forms of renewable energy; or
55          • other as yet unidentified technologies;
56          WHEREAS, instead of asking government bureaucracies to guess which of these

57     methods of producing clean energy would be the most effective and then to create arbitrary
58     incentives for their preferred alternative, there would be a better chance of arriving at the best
59     outcome if producers of CO2 pollution were required to pay their fair share of the damage
60     caused by the CO2 and, once the cost of the pollution is added in, allow individuals and private
61     investors to choose which products they wish to purchase and invest in;
62          WHEREAS, to avoid increasing the burden on those least able to bear the cost, it is not
63     advisable to simply tax carbon, but rather to return the money collected from a carbon fee to
64     the taxpayer via a dividend program;
65          WHEREAS, it is in the United States' strong national interest to remain the world's
66     leading energy innovator and no other nation is as well suited for that role;
67          WHEREAS, to be effective, any national climate solution must hold other major
68     emitters like China, Russia, and India accountable for their carbon pollution;
69          WHEREAS, these other countries often exploit their weaker environmental standards
70     by sending cheaper products to the United States, at the expense of United States
71     manufacturers, our workers, and the environment;
72          WHEREAS, United States manufacturers have made greater progress at lowering their
73     emissions, so much so that they generate only one-third the carbon emissions of China's
74     producers and one-fourth the emissions of Russia's producers; and
75          WHEREAS, to avoid disadvantaging United States manufacturers and energy producers
76     and to avoid off-shoring pollution to other countries, it is necessary to couple any carbon fee
77     and dividend program with a national border tax adjustment, so that the CO2 pollution
78     produced in other countries pays its fair share when it crosses the border into our country to be
79     sold:
80          NOW, THEREFORE BE IT RESOLVED that the Legislature of the state of Utah
81     expresses support for a nation-wide border adjusted carbon fee and dividend program as the
82     best way to require that producers of CO2 pollution pay for the impact that CO2 has on the
83     environment while enlisting the power of the free market to identify and encourage the best
84     carbon free solutions.
85          BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that the Legislature supports the principle that any
86     border adjusted carbon fee and dividend program be coupled with a decrease of individual
87     regulations on energy production and decreased government support for individual industry

88     segments or particular companies.
89          BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that the Legislature opposes any requirement of
90     reparations from the fossil fuel industry, while our economy transitions to forms of energy
91     production that result in less CO2 pollution.
92          BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that the Legislature supports a loosening of the federal
93     requirements placed on mining in order to acquire the minerals needed for clean energy
94     technologies.
95          BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that a copy of this resolution be sent to the Utah
96     congressional delegation.