Senator Stephanie Pitcher proposes the following substitute bill:




Chief Sponsor: Phil Lyman

Senate Sponsor: Kirk A. Cullimore

6     Cosponsors:
7     Melissa G. Ballard
8     Kera Birkeland
Kay J. Christofferson
Tim Jimenez
Jason Kyle
Trevor Lee
Rex P. Shipp
Christine F. Watkins

11     General Description:
12          This bill amends the definition of a restricted person.
13     Highlighted Provisions:
14          This bill:
15          ▸     defines terms;
16          ▸     amends the definition of a restricted person; and
17          ▸     makes technical and conforming changes.
18     Money Appropriated in this Bill:
19          None
20     Other Special Clauses:
21          None
22     Utah Code Sections Affected:
23     AMENDS:

24          76-10-501, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2015, Chapters 212, 406
25          76-10-503, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2021, Chapter 262
26          76-10-532, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2015, Chapter 37

28     Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
29          Section 1. Section 76-10-501 is amended to read:
30          76-10-501. Definitions.
31          As used in this part:
32          (1) (a) "Antique firearm" means:
33          (i) any firearm, including any firearm with a matchlock, flintlock, percussion cap, or
34     similar type of ignition system, manufactured in or before 1898; [or]
35          (ii) a firearm that is a replica of any firearm described in this Subsection (1)(a), if the
36     replica:
37          (A) is not designed or redesigned for using rimfire or conventional centerfire fixed
38     ammunition; or
39          (B) uses rimfire or centerfire fixed ammunition which is:
40          (I) no longer manufactured in the United States; and
41          (II) is not readily available in ordinary channels of commercial trade; or
42          (iii) (A) that is a muzzle loading rifle, shotgun, or pistol; and
43          (B) is designed to use black powder, or a black powder substitute, and cannot use fixed
44     ammunition.
45          (b) "Antique firearm" does not include:
46          (i) a weapon that incorporates a firearm frame or receiver;
47          (ii) a firearm that is converted into a muzzle loading weapon; or
48          (iii) a muzzle loading weapon that can be readily converted to fire fixed ammunition by
49     replacing the:
50          (A) barrel;
51          (B) bolt;
52          (C) breechblock; or
53          (D) any combination of Subsection (1)(b)(iii)(A), (B), or (C).
54          (2) "Bureau" means the Bureau of Criminal Identification created in Section 53-10-201

55     within the Department of Public Safety.
56          (3) (a) "Concealed firearm" means a firearm that is:
57          (i) covered, hidden, or secreted in a manner that the public would not be aware of its
58     presence; and
59          (ii) readily accessible for immediate use.
60          (b) A firearm that is unloaded and securely encased is not a concealed firearm for the
61     purposes of this part.
62          (4) "Criminal history background check" means a criminal background check
63     conducted by a licensed firearms dealer on every purchaser of a handgun, except a Federal
64     Firearms Licensee, through the bureau or the local law enforcement agency where the firearms
65     dealer conducts business.
66          (5) "Curio or relic firearm" means a firearm that:
67          (a) is of special interest to a collector because of a quality that is not associated with
68     firearms intended for:
69          (i) sporting use;
70          (ii) use as an offensive weapon; or
71          (iii) use as a defensive weapon;
72          (b) (i) was manufactured at least 50 years before the current date; and
73          (ii) is not a replica of a firearm described in Subsection (5)(b)(i);
74          (c) is certified by the curator of a municipal, state, or federal museum that exhibits
75     firearms to be a curio or relic of museum interest;
76          (d) derives a substantial part of its monetary value:
77          (i) from the fact that the firearm is:
78          (A) novel;
79          (B) rare; or
80          (C) bizarre; or
81          (ii) because of the firearm's association with an historical:
82          (A) figure;
83          (B) period; or
84          (C) event; and
85          (e) has been designated as a curio or relic firearm by the director of the United States

86     Treasury Department Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms under 27 C.F.R. Sec. 478.11.
87          (6) (a) "Dangerous weapon" means:
88          (i) a firearm; or
89          (ii) an object that in the manner of its use or intended use is capable of causing death or
90     serious bodily injury.
91          (b) The following factors are used in determining whether any object, other than a
92     firearm, is a dangerous weapon:
93          (i) the location and circumstances in which the object was used or possessed;
94          (ii) the primary purpose for which the object was made;
95          (iii) the character of the wound, if any, produced by the object's unlawful use;
96          (iv) the manner in which the object was unlawfully used;
97          (v) whether the manner in which the object is used or possessed constitutes a potential
98     imminent threat to public safety; and
99          (vi) the lawful purposes for which the object may be used.
100          (c) "Dangerous weapon" does not include an explosive, chemical, or incendiary device
101     as defined by Section 76-10-306.
102          (7) "Dealer" means a person who is:
103          (a) licensed under 18 U.S.C. Sec. 923; and
104          (b) engaged in the business of selling, leasing, or otherwise transferring a handgun,
105     whether the person is a retail or wholesale dealer, pawnbroker, or otherwise.
106          (8) "Domestic violence" means the same as that term is defined in Section 77-36-1.
107          [(8)] (9) "Enter" means intrusion of the entire body.
108          [(9)] (10) "Federal Firearms Licensee" means a person who:
109          (a) holds a valid Federal Firearms License issued under 18 U.S.C. Sec. 923; and
110          (b) is engaged in the activities authorized by the specific category of license held.
111          [(10)] (11) (a) "Firearm" means a pistol, revolver, shotgun, short barreled shotgun, rifle
112     or short barreled rifle, or a device that could be used as a dangerous weapon from which is
113     expelled a projectile by action of an explosive.
114          (b) As used in Sections 76-10-526 and 76-10-527, "firearm" does not include an
115     antique firearm.
116          [(11)] (12) "Firearms transaction record form" means a form created by the bureau to

117     be completed by a person purchasing, selling, or transferring a handgun from a dealer in the
118     state.
119          [(12)] (13) "Fully automatic weapon" means a firearm which fires, is designed to fire,
120     or can be readily restored to fire, automatically more than one shot without manual reloading
121     by a single function of the trigger.
122          [(13)] (14) (a) "Handgun" means a pistol, revolver, or other firearm of any description,
123     loaded or unloaded, from which a shot, bullet, or other missile can be discharged, the length of
124     which, not including any revolving, detachable, or magazine breech, does not exceed 12 inches.
125          (b) As used in Sections 76-10-520, 76-10-521, and 76-10-522, "handgun" and "pistol
126     or revolver" do not include an antique firearm.
127          [(14)] (15) "House of worship" means a church, temple, synagogue, mosque, or other
128     building set apart primarily for the purpose of worship in which religious services are held and
129     the main body of which is kept for that use and not put to any other use inconsistent with its
130     primary purpose.
131          [(15)] (16) "Prohibited area" means a place where it is unlawful to discharge a firearm.
132          [(16)] (17) "Readily accessible for immediate use" means that a firearm or other
133     dangerous weapon is carried on the person or within such close proximity and in such a manner
134     that it can be retrieved and used as readily as if carried on the person.
135          [(17)] (18) "Residence" means an improvement to real property used or occupied as a
136     primary or secondary residence.
137          [(18)] (19) "Securely encased" means not readily accessible for immediate use, such as
138     held in a gun rack, or in a closed case or container, whether or not locked, or in a trunk or other
139     storage area of a motor vehicle, not including a glove box or console box.
140          [(19)] (20) "Short barreled shotgun" or "short barreled rifle" means a shotgun having a
141     barrel or barrels of fewer than 18 inches in length, or in the case of a rifle, having a barrel or
142     barrels of fewer than 16 inches in length, or a dangerous weapon made from a rifle or shotgun
143     by alteration, modification, or otherwise, if the weapon as modified has an overall length of
144     fewer than 26 inches.
145          [(20)] (21) "Shotgun" means a smooth bore firearm designed to fire cartridges
146     containing pellets or a single slug.
147          [(21)] (22) "Shoulder arm" means a firearm that is designed to be fired while braced

148     against the shoulder.
149          (23) "Single criminal episode" means the same as that term is defined in Section
150     76-1-401.
151          [(22)] (24) "Slug" means a single projectile discharged from a shotgun shell.
152          [(23)] (25) "State entity" means a department, commission, board, council, agency,
153     institution, officer, corporation, fund, division, office, committee, authority, laboratory, library,
154     unit, bureau, panel, or other administrative unit of the state.
155          [(24)] (26) "Violent felony" means the same as that term is defined in Section
156     76-3-203.5.
157          Section 2. Section 76-10-503 is amended to read:
158          76-10-503. Restrictions on possession, purchase, transfer, and ownership of
159     dangerous weapons by certain persons -- Exceptions.
160          (1) For purposes of this section:
161          (a) A Category I restricted person is a person who:
162          (i) has been convicted of [any] a violent felony [as defined in Section 76-3-203.5];
163          (ii) is on probation or parole for [any] a felony;
164          (iii) is on parole from secure care, as defined in Section 80-1-102;
165          (iv) within the last 10 years has been adjudicated under Section 80-6-701 for an offense
166     which if committed by an adult would have been a violent felony as defined in Section
167     76-3-203.5;
168          (v) is an alien who is illegally or unlawfully in the United States; or
169          (vi) is on probation for a conviction of possessing:
170          (A) a substance classified in Section 58-37-4 as a Schedule I or II controlled substance;
171          (B) a controlled substance analog; or
172          (C) a substance listed in Section 58-37-4.2.
173          (b) A Category II restricted person is a person who:
174          (i) has been convicted of [any]:
175          (A) a domestic violence offense that is a felony;
176          (B) a felony that is not a domestic violence offense or a violent felony and within seven
177     years after completing the sentence for the conviction, has been convicted of or charged with
178     another felony or class A misdemeanor;

179          (C) multiple felonies that are part of a single criminal episode and are not domestic
180     violence offenses or violent felonies and within seven years after completing the sentence for
181     the convictions, has been convicted of or charged with another felony or class A misdemeanor;
182     or
183          (D) multiple felonies that are not part of a single criminal episode;
184          (ii) (A) within the last seven years has completed a sentence for:
185          (I) a conviction for a felony that is not a domestic violence offense or a violent felony;
186     or
187          (II) convictions for multiple felonies that are part of a single criminal episode and are
188     not domestic violence offenses or violent felonies; and
189          (B) within the last seven years and after the completion of a sentence for a conviction
190     described in Subsection (1)(b)(ii)(A), has not been convicted of or charged with another felony
191     or class A misdemeanor;
192          [(ii)] (iii) within the last seven years has been adjudicated delinquent for an offense
193     which if committed by an adult would have been a felony;
194          [(iii)] (iv) is an unlawful user of a controlled substance as defined in Section 58-37-2;
195          [(iv)] (v) is in possession of a dangerous weapon and is knowingly and intentionally in
196     unlawful possession of a Schedule I or II controlled substance as defined in Section 58-37-2;
197          [(v)] (vi) has been found not guilty by reason of insanity for a felony offense;
198          [(vi)] (vii) has been found mentally incompetent to stand trial for a felony offense;
199          [(vii)] (viii) has been adjudicated as mentally defective as provided in the Brady
200     Handgun Violence Prevention Act, Pub. L. No. 103-159, 107 Stat. 1536 (1993), or has been
201     committed to a mental institution;
202          [(viii)] (ix) has been dishonorably discharged from the armed forces;
203          [(ix)] (x) has renounced the individual's citizenship after having been a citizen of the
204     United States;
205          [(x)] (xi) is a respondent or defendant subject to a protective order or child protective
206     order that is issued after a hearing for which the respondent or defendant received actual notice
207     and at which the respondent or defendant has an opportunity to participate, that restrains the
208     respondent or defendant from harassing, stalking, threatening, or engaging in other conduct that
209     would place an intimate partner, as defined in 18 U.S.C. Sec. 921, or a child of the intimate

210     partner, in reasonable fear of bodily injury to the intimate partner or child of the intimate
211     partner, and that:
212          (A) includes a finding that the respondent or defendant represents a credible threat to
213     the physical safety of an individual who meets the definition of an intimate partner in 18 U.S.C.
214     Sec. 921 or the child of the individual; or
215          (B) explicitly prohibits the use, attempted use, or threatened use of physical force that
216     would reasonably be expected to cause bodily harm against an intimate partner or the child of
217     an intimate partner; or
218          [(xi)] (xii) has been convicted of the commission or attempted commission of assault
219     under Section 76-5-102 or aggravated assault under Section 76-5-103 against a current or
220     former spouse, parent, guardian, individual with whom the restricted person shares a child in
221     common, individual who is cohabitating or has cohabitated with the restricted person as a
222     spouse, parent, or guardian, or against an individual similarly situated to a spouse, parent, or
223     guardian of the restricted person.
224          (c) As used in this section, a conviction of a felony or adjudication of delinquency for
225     an offense which would be a felony if committed by an adult does not include:
226          (i) a conviction or an adjudication under Section 80-6-701 for an offense pertaining to
227     antitrust violations, unfair trade practices, restraint of trade, or other similar offenses relating to
228     the regulation of business practices not involving theft or fraud; or
229          (ii) a conviction or an adjudication under Section 80-6-701 which, according to the law
230     of the jurisdiction in which it occurred, has been expunged, set aside, reduced to a
231     misdemeanor by court order, pardoned or regarding which the person's civil rights have been
232     restored unless the pardon, reduction, expungement, or restoration of civil rights expressly
233     provides that the person may not ship, transport, possess, or receive firearms.
234          (d) It is the burden of the defendant in a criminal case to provide evidence that a
235     conviction or an adjudication under Section 80-6-701 is subject to an exception provided in
236     Subsection (1)(c), after which it is the burden of the state to prove beyond a reasonable doubt
237     that the conviction or the adjudication is not subject to that exception.
238          (2) A Category I restricted person who intentionally or knowingly agrees, consents,
239     offers, or arranges to purchase, transfer, possess, use, or have under the person's custody or
240     control, or who intentionally or knowingly purchases, transfers, possesses, uses, or has under

241     the person's custody or control:
242          (a) any firearm is guilty of a second degree felony; or
243          (b) any dangerous weapon other than a firearm is guilty of a third degree felony.
244          (3) A Category II restricted person who intentionally or knowingly purchases, transfers,
245     possesses, uses, or has under the person's custody or control:
246          (a) any firearm is guilty of a third degree felony; or
247          (b) any dangerous weapon other than a firearm is guilty of a class A misdemeanor.
248          (4) A person may be subject to the restrictions of both categories at the same time.
249          (5) If a higher penalty than is prescribed in this section is provided in another section
250     for one who purchases, transfers, possesses, uses, or has under this custody or control any
251     dangerous weapon, the penalties of that section control.
252          (6) It is an affirmative defense to a charge based on the definition in Subsection
253     [(1)(b)(iv)] (1)(b)(v) that the person was:
254          (a) in possession of a controlled substance pursuant to a lawful order of a practitioner
255     for use of a member of the person's household or for administration to an animal owned by the
256     person or a member of the person's household; or
257          (b) otherwise authorized by law to possess the substance.
258          (7) (a) It is an affirmative defense to transferring a firearm or other dangerous weapon
259     by a person restricted under Subsection (2) or (3) that the firearm or dangerous weapon:
260          (i) was possessed by the person or was under the person's custody or control before the
261     person became a restricted person;
262          (ii) was not used in or possessed during the commission of a crime or subject to
263     disposition under Section 24-3-103;
264          (iii) is not being held as evidence by a court or law enforcement agency;
265          (iv) was transferred to a person not legally prohibited from possessing the weapon; and
266          (v) unless a different time is ordered by the court, was transferred within 10 days of the
267     person becoming a restricted person.
268          (b) Subsection (7)(a) is not a defense to the use, purchase, or possession on the person
269     of a firearm or other dangerous weapon by a restricted person.
270          (8) (a) A person may not sell, transfer, or otherwise dispose of any firearm or
271     dangerous weapon to any person, knowing that the recipient is a person described in

272     Subsection (1)(a) or (b).
273          (b) A person who violates Subsection (8)(a) when the recipient is:
274          (i) a person described in Subsection (1)(a) and the transaction involves a firearm, is
275     guilty of a second degree felony;
276          (ii) a person described in Subsection (1)(a) and the transaction involves any dangerous
277     weapon other than a firearm, and the transferor has knowledge that the recipient intends to use
278     the weapon for any unlawful purpose, is guilty of a third degree felony;
279          (iii) a person described in Subsection (1)(b) and the transaction involves a firearm, is
280     guilty of a third degree felony; or
281          (iv) a person described in Subsection (1)(b) and the transaction involves any dangerous
282     weapon other than a firearm, and the transferor has knowledge that the recipient intends to use
283     the weapon for any unlawful purpose, is guilty of a class A misdemeanor.
284          (9) (a) A person may not knowingly solicit, persuade, encourage or entice a dealer or
285     other person to sell, transfer or otherwise dispose of a firearm or dangerous weapon under
286     circumstances which the person knows would be a violation of the law.
287          (b) A person may not provide to a dealer or other person any information that the
288     person knows to be materially false information with intent to deceive the dealer or other
289     person about the legality of a sale, transfer or other disposition of a firearm or dangerous
290     weapon.
291          (c) "Materially false information" means information that portrays an illegal transaction
292     as legal or a legal transaction as illegal.
293          (d) A person who violates this Subsection (9) is guilty of:
294          (i) a third degree felony if the transaction involved a firearm; or
295          (ii) a class A misdemeanor if the transaction involved a dangerous weapon other than
296     [a firearm.]
297          Section 3. Section 76-10-532 is amended to read:
298          76-10-532. Removal from National Instant Check System database.
299          (1) A person who is subject to the restrictions in Subsection [76-10-503(1)(b)(v), (vi),
300     or (vii)] 76-10-503(1)(b)(vi), (vii), or (viii), or 18 U.S.C. 922(d)(4) and (g)(4) based on a
301     commitment, finding, or adjudication that occurred in this state may petition the district court
302     in the county in which the commitment, finding, or adjudication occurred to remove the

303     disability imposed.
304          (2) The petition shall be filed in the district court in the county where the commitment,
305     finding, or adjudication occurred. The petition shall include:
306          (a) a listing of facilities, with their addresses, where the petitioner has ever received
307     mental health treatment;
308          (b) a release signed by the petitioner to allow the prosecutor or county attorney to
309     obtain the petitioner's mental health records;
310          (c) a verified report of a mental health evaluation conducted by a licensed psychiatrist
311     occurring within 30 days prior to the filing of the petition, which shall include a statement
312     regarding:
313          (i) the nature of the commitment, finding, or adjudication that resulted in the restriction
314     on the petitioner's ability to purchase or possess a dangerous weapon;
315          (ii) the petitioner's previous and current mental health treatment;
316          (iii) the petitioner's previous violent behavior, if any;
317          (iv) the petitioner's current mental health medications and medication management;
318          (v) the length of time the petitioner has been stable;
319          (vi) external factors that may influence the petitioner's stability;
320          (vii) the ability of the petitioner to maintain stability with or without medication; and
321          (viii) whether the petitioner is dangerous to public safety; and
322          (d) a copy of the petitioner's state and federal criminal history record.
323          (3) The petitioner shall serve the petition on the prosecuting entity that prosecuted the
324     case or, if the disability is not based on a criminal case, on the county or district attorney's
325     office having jurisdiction where the petition was filed and the individual who filed the original
326     action which resulted in the disability.
327          (4) The court shall schedule a hearing as soon as practicable. The petitioner may
328     present evidence and subpoena witnesses to appear at the hearing. The prosecuting, county
329     attorney, or the individual who filed the original action which resulted in the disability may
330     object to the petition and present evidence in support of the objection.
331          (5) The court shall consider the following evidence:
332          (a) the facts and circumstances that resulted in the commitment, finding, or
333     adjudication;

334          (b) the person's mental health and criminal history records; and
335          (c) the person's reputation, including the testimony of character witnesses.
336          (6) The court shall grant the relief if the court finds by clear and convincing evidence
337     that:
338          (a) the person is not a danger to the person or to others;
339          (b) the person is not likely to act in a manner dangerous to public safety; and
340          (c) the requested relief would not be contrary to the public interest.
341          (7) The court shall issue an order with its findings and send a copy to the bureau.
342          (8) The bureau, upon receipt of a court order removing a person's disability under
343     Subsection [76-10-503(1)(b)(vii)] 76-10-503(1)(b)(viii), shall send a copy of the court order to
344     the National Instant Check System requesting removal of the person's name from the database.
345     In addition, if the person is listed in a state database utilized by the bureau to determine
346     eligibility for the purchase or possession of a firearm or to obtain a concealed firearm permit,
347     the bureau shall remove the petitioner's name or send a copy of the court's order to the agency
348     responsible for the database for removal of the petitioner's name.
349          (9) If the court denies the petition, the petitioner may not petition again for relief until
350     at least two years after the date of the court's final order.
351          (10) The petitioner may appeal a denial of the requested relief. The review on appeal
352     shall be de novo.