7 LONG TITLE
8 General Description:
9 This bill addresses the reproduction and possession of sexual abuse material.
10 Highlighted Provisions:
11 This bill:
12 ▸ changes the term "child pornography" to "child sexual abuse material" in the Utah
14 ▸ changes the term "vulnerable adult pornography" to "vulnerable adult sexual abuse
15 material" in the Utah Code;
16 ▸ prohibits the reproduction of child sexual abuse material evidence;
17 ▸ allows a defendant's attorney or a defendant's expert to inspect child sexual abuse
18 material evidence at a government facility before trial;
19 ▸ allows a victim, the victim's attorney, or the victim's expert to inspect child sexual
20 abuse material evidence at a government facility before trial upon a showing of
21 good cause; and
22 ▸ makes technical and conforming changes.
23 Money Appropriated in this Bill:
25 Other Special Clauses:
27 Utah Code Sections Affected:
29 9-7-215, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2017, Chapter 208
30 24-1-102, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2022, Chapter 179
31 62A-1-122, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2021, Chapter 344
32 63G-2-103, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2021, Chapters 211, 283
33 67-5-21, as enacted by Laws of Utah 2006, Chapter 350
34 76-5b-103, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2022, Chapter 181
35 76-5b-201, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2022, Chapters 181, 185
36 76-5b-201.1, as enacted by Laws of Utah 2022, Chapter 185 and last amended by
37 Coordination Clause, Laws of Utah 2022, Chapter 185
38 76-5b-202, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2022, Chapter 181
39 76-10-1204.5, as enacted by Laws of Utah 2016, Chapter 313
41 77-4-201, Utah Code Annotated 1953
42 RENUMBERS AND AMENDS:
43 77-4-101, (Renumbered from 77-4-1, as enacted by Laws of Utah 1980, Chapter 15)
45 Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
46 Section 1. Section 9-7-215 is amended to read:
47 9-7-215. Internet and online access policy required.
48 (1) As used in this section:
49 (a) [
50 term is defined in Section 76-5b-103.
51 (b) "Harmful to minors" [
53 (c) "Obscene" [
54 (d) "Technology protection measure" means a technology that blocks or filters Internet
55 access to visual depictions.
56 (2) State funds may not be provided to any public library that provides public access to
57 the Internet unless the library:
58 (a) (i) has in place a policy of Internet safety for minors, including the operation of a
59 technology protection measure:
60 (A) with respect to any computer or other device while connected to the Internet
61 through a network provided by the library, including a wireless network; and
62 (B) that protects against access to visual depictions that are:
63 (I) child [
64 (II) harmful to minors; or
65 (III) obscene; and
66 (ii) is enforcing the operation of the technology protection measure described in
67 Subsection (2)(a)(i) during any use by a minor of a computer or other device that is connected
68 to the Internet through a network provided by the library, including a wireless network; and
69 (b) (i) has in place a policy of Internet safety, including the operation of a technology
70 protection measure:
71 (A) with respect to any computer or other device while connected to the Internet
72 through a network provided by the library, including a wireless network; and
73 (B) that protects against access to visual depictions that are:
74 (I) child [
75 (II) obscene; and
76 (ii) is enforcing the operation of the technology protection measure described in
77 Subsection (2)(b)(i) during any use of a computer or other device that is connected to the
78 Internet through a network provided by the library, including a wireless network.
79 (3) This section does not prohibit a public library from limiting Internet access or
80 otherwise protecting against materials other than the materials specified in this section.
81 (4) An administrator, supervisor, or other representative of a public library may disable
82 a technology protection measure described in Subsection (2):
83 (a) at the request of a library patron who is not a minor; and
84 (b) to enable access for research or other lawful purposes.
85 Section 2. Section 24-1-102 is amended to read:
86 24-1-102. Definitions.
87 As used in this title:
88 (1) "Account" means the Criminal Forfeiture Restricted Account created in Section
90 (2) (a) "Acquitted" means a finding by a jury or a judge at trial that a claimant is not
92 (b) "Acquitted" does not include:
93 (i) a verdict of guilty on a lesser or reduced charge;
94 (ii) a plea of guilty to a lesser or reduced charge; or
95 (iii) dismissal of a charge as a result of a negotiated plea agreement.
96 (3) (a) "Agency" means an agency of this state or a political subdivision of this state.
97 (b) "Agency" includes a law enforcement agency or a multijurisdictional task force.
98 (4) "Claimant" means:
99 (a) an owner of property as defined in this section;
100 (b) an interest holder as defined in this section; or
101 (c) an individual or entity who asserts a claim to any property seized for forfeiture
102 under this title.
103 (5) "Commission" means the State Commission on Criminal and Juvenile Justice
104 created in Section 63M-7-201.
105 (6) "Complaint" means a civil or criminal complaint seeking the forfeiture of any real
106 or personal property under this title.
107 (7) (a) "Computer" means an electronic, magnetic, optical, electrochemical, or other
108 high-speed data processing device that performs logical, arithmetic, and storage functions.
109 (b) "Computer" includes any device that is used for the storage of digital or electronic
110 files, flash memory, software, or other electronic information.
111 (c) "Computer" does not mean a computer server of an Internet or electronic service
112 provider, or the service provider's employee, if used to comply with the requirements under 18
113 U.S.C. Sec. 2258A.
114 (8) "Constructive seizure" means a seizure of property where the property is left in the
115 control of the owner and an agency posts the property with a notice of intent to seek forfeiture.
116 (9) (a) "Contraband" means any property, item, or substance that is unlawful to
117 produce or to possess under state or federal law.
118 (b) "Contraband" includes:
119 (i) a controlled substance that is possessed, transferred, distributed, or offered for
120 distribution in violation of Title 58, Chapter 37, Utah Controlled Substances Act; or
121 (ii) a computer that:
122 (A) contains or houses child [
123 download, transfer, upload to a storage account, or store any electronic or digital files
124 containing child [
125 (B) contains the personal identifying information of another individual, as defined in
126 Subsection 76-6-1102(1), whether that individual is alive or deceased, and the personal
127 identifying information has been used to create false or fraudulent identification documents or
128 financial transaction cards in violation of Title 76, Chapter 6, Part 5, Fraud.
129 (10) "Forfeit" means to divest a claimant of an ownership interest in property seized
130 under this title.
131 (11) "Innocent owner" means a claimant who:
132 (a) held an ownership interest in property at the time of the commission of an offense
133 subjecting the property to forfeiture under this title, and:
134 (i) did not have actual knowledge of the offense subjecting the property to forfeiture; or
135 (ii) upon learning of the commission of the offense, took reasonable steps to prohibit
136 the use of the property in the commission of the offense; or
137 (b) acquired an ownership interest in the property and had no knowledge that the
138 commission of the offense subjecting the property to forfeiture under this title had occurred or
139 that the property had been seized for forfeiture, and:
140 (i) acquired the property in a bona fide transaction for value;
141 (ii) was an individual, including a minor child, who acquired an interest in the property
142 through probate or inheritance; or
143 (iii) was a spouse who acquired an interest in property through dissolution of marriage
144 or by operation of law.
145 (12) (a) "Interest holder" means a secured party as defined in Section 70A-9a-102, a
146 party with a right-of-offset, a mortgagee, lien creditor, or the beneficiary of a security interest
147 or encumbrance pertaining to an interest in property, whose interest would be perfected against
148 a good faith purchaser for value.
149 (b) "Interest holder" does not mean a person:
150 (i) who holds property for the benefit of or as an agent or nominee for another person;
152 (ii) who is not in substantial compliance with any statute requiring an interest in
153 property to be:
154 (A) recorded or reflected in public records in order to perfect the interest against a good
155 faith purchaser for value; or
156 (B) held in control by a secured party, as defined in Section 70A-9a-102, in accordance
157 with Section 70A-9a-314 in order to perfect the interest against a good faith purchaser for
159 (13) "Known address" means any address provided by a claimant to the peace officer
160 or agency at the time the property is seized, or the claimant's most recent address on record
161 with a governmental entity if no address was provided at the time of the seizure.
162 (14) "Legal costs" means the costs and expenses incurred by a party in a forfeiture
164 (15) "Legislative body" means:
165 (a) (i) the Legislature, county commission, county council, city commission, city
166 council, or town council that has fiscal oversight and budgetary approval authority over an
167 agency; or
168 (ii) the agency's governing political subdivision; or
169 (b) the lead governmental entity of a multijurisdictional task force, as designated in a
170 memorandum of understanding executed by the agencies participating in the task force.
171 (16) "Multijurisdictional task force" means a law enforcement task force or other
172 agency comprised of individuals who are employed by or acting under the authority of different
173 governmental entities, including federal, state, county, or municipal governments, or any
174 combination of federal, state, county, or municipal agencies.
175 (17) "Owner" means an individual or entity, other than an interest holder, that
176 possesses a bona fide legal or equitable interest in real or personal property.
177 (18) "Peace officer" means an employee:
178 (a) of an agency;
179 (b) whose duties consist primarily of the prevention and detection of violations of laws
180 of this state or a political subdivision of this state; and
181 (c) who is authorized by the agency to seize property under this title.
182 (19) (a) "Proceeds" means:
183 (i) property of any kind that is obtained directly or indirectly as a result of the
184 commission of an offense; or
185 (ii) any property acquired directly or indirectly from, produced through, realized
186 through, or caused by an act or omission regarding property under Subsection (19)(a)(i).
187 (b) "Proceeds" includes any property of any kind without reduction for expenses
188 incurred in the acquisition, maintenance, or production of that property, or any other purpose
189 regarding property under Subsection (19)(a)(i).
190 (c) "Proceeds" is not limited to the net gain or profit realized from the offense that
191 subjects the property to forfeiture.
192 (20) "Program" means the State Asset Forfeiture Grant Program created in Section
194 (21) (a) "Property" means all property, whether real or personal, tangible or intangible.
195 (b) "Property" does not include contraband.
196 (22) "Prosecuting attorney" means:
197 (a) the attorney general and an assistant attorney general;
198 (b) a district attorney or deputy district attorney;
199 (c) a county attorney or assistant county attorney; and
200 (d) an attorney authorized to commence an action on behalf of the state under this title.
201 (23) "Public interest use" means a:
202 (a) use by a government agency as determined by the legislative body of the agency's
203 jurisdiction; or
204 (b) donation of the property to a nonprofit charity registered with the state.
205 (24) "Real property" means land, including any building, fixture, improvement,
206 appurtenance, structure, or other development that is affixed permanently to land.
207 Section 3. Section 62A-1-122 is amended to read:
208 62A-1-122. Child sexual abuse material.
209 (1) As used in this section:
210 (a) [
211 defined in Section 76-5b-103.
212 (b) "Secure" means to prevent and prohibit access, electronic upload, transmission, or
213 transfer of an image.
214 (2) The department or a division within the department may not retain child
216 of this section.
217 (3) When the department or a division within the department obtains child
220 the guidance of the Division of Human Resource Management regarding personnel action and
221 local law enforcement regarding retention of the child [
222 (4) When the department or a division within the department obtains child
224 or division shall immediately secure the child [
225 electronic device if the child [
226 enforcement office that has jurisdiction over the area where the division's case is located.
227 Section 4. Section 63G-2-103 is amended to read:
228 63G-2-103. Definitions.
229 As used in this chapter:
230 (1) "Audit" means:
231 (a) a systematic examination of financial, management, program, and related records
232 for the purpose of determining the fair presentation of financial statements, adequacy of
233 internal controls, or compliance with laws and regulations; or
234 (b) a systematic examination of program procedures and operations for the purpose of
235 determining their effectiveness, economy, efficiency, and compliance with statutes and
237 (2) "Chronological logs" mean the regular and customary summary records of law
238 enforcement agencies and other public safety agencies that show:
239 (a) the time and general nature of police, fire, and paramedic calls made to the agency;
241 (b) any arrests or jail bookings made by the agency.
242 (3) "Classification," "classify," and their derivative forms mean determining whether a
243 record series, record, or information within a record is public, private, controlled, protected, or
244 exempt from disclosure under Subsection 63G-2-201(3)(b).
245 (4) (a) "Computer program" means:
246 (i) a series of instructions or statements that permit the functioning of a computer
247 system in a manner designed to provide storage, retrieval, and manipulation of data from the
248 computer system; and
249 (ii) any associated documentation and source material that explain how to operate the
250 computer program.
251 (b) "Computer program" does not mean:
252 (i) the original data, including numbers, text, voice, graphics, and images;
253 (ii) analysis, compilation, and other manipulated forms of the original data produced by
254 use of the program; or
255 (iii) the mathematical or statistical formulas, excluding the underlying mathematical
256 algorithms contained in the program, that would be used if the manipulated forms of the
257 original data were to be produced manually.
258 (5) (a) "Contractor" means:
259 (i) any person who contracts with a governmental entity to provide goods or services
260 directly to a governmental entity; or
261 (ii) any private, nonprofit organization that receives funds from a governmental entity.
262 (b) "Contractor" does not mean a private provider.
263 (6) "Controlled record" means a record containing data on individuals that is controlled
264 as provided by Section 63G-2-304.
265 (7) "Designation," "designate," and their derivative forms mean indicating, based on a
266 governmental entity's familiarity with a record series or based on a governmental entity's
267 review of a reasonable sample of a record series, the primary classification that a majority of
268 records in a record series would be given if classified and the classification that other records
269 typically present in the record series would be given if classified.
270 (8) "Elected official" means each person elected to a state office, county office,
271 municipal office, school board or school district office, local district office, or special service
272 district office, but does not include judges.
273 (9) "Explosive" means a chemical compound, device, or mixture:
274 (a) commonly used or intended for the purpose of producing an explosion; and
275 (b) that contains oxidizing or combustive units or other ingredients in proportions,
276 quantities, or packing so that:
277 (i) an ignition by fire, friction, concussion, percussion, or detonator of any part of the
278 compound or mixture may cause a sudden generation of highly heated gases; and
279 (ii) the resultant gaseous pressures are capable of:
280 (A) producing destructive effects on contiguous objects; or
281 (B) causing death or serious bodily injury.
282 (10) "Government audit agency" means any governmental entity that conducts an audit.
283 (11) (a) "Governmental entity" means:
284 (i) executive department agencies of the state, the offices of the governor, lieutenant
285 governor, state auditor, attorney general, and state treasurer, the Board of Pardons and Parole,
286 the Board of Examiners, the National Guard, the Career Service Review Office, the State
287 Board of Education, the Utah Board of Higher Education, and the State Archives;
288 (ii) the Office of the Legislative Auditor General, Office of the Legislative Fiscal
289 Analyst, Office of Legislative Research and General Counsel, the Legislature, and legislative
290 committees, except any political party, group, caucus, or rules or sifting committee of the
292 (iii) courts, the Judicial Council, the Administrative Office of the Courts, and similar
293 administrative units in the judicial branch;
294 (iv) any state-funded institution of higher education or public education; or
295 (v) any political subdivision of the state, but, if a political subdivision has adopted an
296 ordinance or a policy relating to information practices pursuant to Section 63G-2-701, this
297 chapter shall apply to the political subdivision to the extent specified in Section 63G-2-701 or
298 as specified in any other section of this chapter that specifically refers to political subdivisions.
299 (b) "Governmental entity" also means:
300 (i) every office, agency, board, bureau, committee, department, advisory board, or
301 commission of an entity listed in Subsection (11)(a) that is funded or established by the
302 government to carry out the public's business;
303 (ii) as defined in Section 11-13-103, an interlocal entity or joint or cooperative
305 (iii) as defined in Section 11-13a-102, a governmental nonprofit corporation;
306 (iv) an association as defined in Section 53G-7-1101;
307 (v) the Utah Independent Redistricting Commission; and
308 (vi) a law enforcement agency, as defined in Section 53-1-102, that employs one or
309 more law enforcement officers, as defined in Section 53-13-103.
310 (c) "Governmental entity" does not include the Utah Educational Savings Plan created
311 in Section 53B-8a-103.
312 (12) "Gross compensation" means every form of remuneration payable for a given
313 period to an individual for services provided including salaries, commissions, vacation pay,
314 severance pay, bonuses, and any board, rent, housing, lodging, payments in kind, and any
315 similar benefit received from the individual's employer.
316 (13) "Individual" means a human being.
317 (14) (a) "Initial contact report" means an initial written or recorded report, however
318 titled, prepared by peace officers engaged in public patrol or response duties describing official
319 actions initially taken in response to either a public complaint about or the discovery of an
320 apparent violation of law, which report may describe:
321 (i) the date, time, location, and nature of the complaint, the incident, or offense;
322 (ii) names of victims;
323 (iii) the nature or general scope of the agency's initial actions taken in response to the
325 (iv) the general nature of any injuries or estimate of damages sustained in the incident;
326 (v) the name, address, and other identifying information about any person arrested or
327 charged in connection with the incident; or
328 (vi) the identity of the public safety personnel, except undercover personnel, or
329 prosecuting attorney involved in responding to the initial incident.
330 (b) Initial contact reports do not include follow-up or investigative reports prepared
331 after the initial contact report. However, if the information specified in Subsection (14)(a)
332 appears in follow-up or investigative reports, it may only be treated confidentially if it is
333 private, controlled, protected, or exempt from disclosure under Subsection 63G-2-201(3)(b).
334 (c) Initial contact reports do not include accident reports, as that term is described in
335 Title 41, Chapter 6a, Part 4, Accident Responsibilities.
336 (15) "Legislative body" means the Legislature.
337 (16) "Notice of compliance" means a statement confirming that a governmental entity
338 has complied with an order of the State Records Committee.
339 (17) "Person" means:
340 (a) an individual;
341 (b) a nonprofit or profit corporation;
342 (c) a partnership;
343 (d) a sole proprietorship;
344 (e) other type of business organization; or
345 (f) any combination acting in concert with one another.
346 (18) "Private provider" means any person who contracts with a governmental entity to
347 provide services directly to the public.
348 (19) "Private record" means a record containing data on individuals that is private as
349 provided by Section 63G-2-302.
350 (20) "Protected record" means a record that is classified protected as provided by
351 Section 63G-2-305.
352 (21) "Public record" means a record that is not private, controlled, or protected and that
353 is not exempt from disclosure as provided in Subsection 63G-2-201(3)(b).
354 (22) (a) "Record" means a book, letter, document, paper, map, plan, photograph, film,
355 card, tape, recording, electronic data, or other documentary material regardless of physical form
356 or characteristics:
357 (i) that is prepared, owned, received, or retained by a governmental entity or political
358 subdivision; and
359 (ii) where all of the information in the original is reproducible by photocopy or other
360 mechanical or electronic means.
361 (b) "Record" does not mean:
362 (i) a personal note or personal communication prepared or received by an employee or
363 officer of a governmental entity:
364 (A) in a capacity other than the employee's or officer's governmental capacity; or
365 (B) that is unrelated to the conduct of the public's business;
366 (ii) a temporary draft or similar material prepared for the originator's personal use or
367 prepared by the originator for the personal use of an individual for whom the originator is
369 (iii) material that is legally owned by an individual in the individual's private capacity;
370 (iv) material to which access is limited by the laws of copyright or patent unless the
371 copyright or patent is owned by a governmental entity or political subdivision;
372 (v) proprietary software;
373 (vi) junk mail or a commercial publication received by a governmental entity or an
374 official or employee of a governmental entity;
375 (vii) a book that is cataloged, indexed, or inventoried and contained in the collections
376 of a library open to the public;
377 (viii) material that is cataloged, indexed, or inventoried and contained in the collections
378 of a library open to the public, regardless of physical form or characteristics of the material;
379 (ix) a daily calendar or other personal note prepared by the originator for the
380 originator's personal use or for the personal use of an individual for whom the originator is
382 (x) a computer program that is developed or purchased by or for any governmental
383 entity for its own use;
384 (xi) a note or internal memorandum prepared as part of the deliberative process by:
385 (A) a member of the judiciary;
386 (B) an administrative law judge;
387 (C) a member of the Board of Pardons and Parole; or
388 (D) a member of any other body, other than an association or appeals panel as defined
389 in Section 53G-7-1101, charged by law with performing a quasi-judicial function;
390 (xii) a telephone number or similar code used to access a mobile communication
391 device that is used by an employee or officer of a governmental entity, provided that the
392 employee or officer of the governmental entity has designated at least one business telephone
393 number that is a public record as provided in Section 63G-2-301;
394 (xiii) information provided by the Public Employees' Benefit and Insurance Program,
395 created in Section 49-20-103, to a county to enable the county to calculate the amount to be
396 paid to a health care provider under Subsection 17-50-319(2)(e)(ii);
397 (xiv) information that an owner of unimproved property provides to a local entity as
398 provided in Section 11-42-205;
399 (xv) a video or audio recording of an interview, or a transcript of the video or audio
400 recording, that is conducted at a Children's Justice Center established under Section 67-5b-102;
401 (xvi) child [
402 (xvii) before final disposition of an ethics complaint occurs, a video or audio recording
403 of the closed portion of a meeting or hearing of:
404 (A) a Senate or House Ethics Committee;
405 (B) the Independent Legislative Ethics Commission;
406 (C) the Independent Executive Branch Ethics Commission, created in Section
407 63A-14-202; or
408 (D) the Political Subdivisions Ethics Review Commission established in Section
409 63A-15-201; or
410 (xviii) confidential communication described in Section 58-60-102, 58-61-102, or
412 (23) "Record series" means a group of records that may be treated as a unit for
413 purposes of designation, description, management, or disposition.
414 (24) "Records officer" means the individual appointed by the chief administrative
415 officer of each governmental entity, or the political subdivision to work with state archives in
416 the care, maintenance, scheduling, designation, classification, disposal, and preservation of
418 (25) "Schedule," "scheduling," and their derivative forms mean the process of
419 specifying the length of time each record series should be retained by a governmental entity for
420 administrative, legal, fiscal, or historical purposes and when each record series should be
421 transferred to the state archives or destroyed.
422 (26) "Sponsored research" means research, training, and other sponsored activities as
423 defined by the federal Executive Office of the President, Office of Management and Budget:
424 (a) conducted:
425 (i) by an institution within the state system of higher education defined in Section
426 53B-1-102; and
427 (ii) through an office responsible for sponsored projects or programs; and
428 (b) funded or otherwise supported by an external:
429 (i) person that is not created or controlled by the institution within the state system of
430 higher education; or
431 (ii) federal, state, or local governmental entity.
432 (27) "State archives" means the Division of Archives and Records Service created in
433 Section 63A-12-101.
434 (28) "State archivist" means the director of the state archives.
435 (29) "State Records Committee" means the State Records Committee created in
436 Section 63G-2-501.
437 (30) "Summary data" means statistical records and compilations that contain data
438 derived from private, controlled, or protected information but that do not disclose private,
439 controlled, or protected information.
440 Section 5. Section 67-5-21 is amended to read:
441 67-5-21. Internet Crimes Against Children (ICAC) unit creation -- Duties --
442 Employment of staff.
443 (1) There is created within the Office of the Attorney General the Internet Crimes
444 Against Children (ICAC) unit to investigate and prosecute cases involving child [
445 sexual abuse material and cases involving enticing minors over the Internet into illegal sexual
447 (2) The attorney general may employ investigators, prosecutors, and necessary support
448 staff for the unit created under Subsection (1).
449 Section 6. Section 76-5b-103 is amended to read:
450 76-5b-103. Definitions.
451 As used in this chapter:
452 (1) [
453 including any live performance, photograph, film, video, picture, or computer or
454 computer-generated image or picture, whether made or produced by electronic, mechanical, or
455 other means, of sexually explicit conduct, where:
456 (a) the production of the visual depiction involves the use of a minor engaging in
457 sexually explicit conduct;
458 (b) the visual depiction is of a minor engaging in sexually explicit conduct; or
459 (c) the visual depiction has been created, adapted, or modified to appear that an
460 identifiable minor is engaging in sexually explicit conduct.
461 (2) "Distribute" means the selling, exhibiting, displaying, wholesaling, retailing,
462 providing, giving, granting admission to, or otherwise transferring or presenting child
464 with or without consideration.
465 (3) "Identifiable minor" means a person:
466 (a) (i) who was a minor at the time the visual depiction was created, adapted, or
467 modified; or
468 (ii) whose image as a minor was used in creating, adapting, or modifying the visual
469 depiction; and
470 (b) who is recognizable as an actual person by the person's face, likeness, or other
471 distinguishing characteristic, such as a birthmark, or other recognizable feature.
472 (4) "Identifiable vulnerable adult" means a person:
473 (a) (i) who was a vulnerable adult at the time the visual depiction was created, adapted,
474 or modified; or
475 (ii) whose image as a vulnerable adult was used in creating, adapting, or modifying the
476 visual depiction; and
477 (b) who is recognizable as an actual person by the person's face, likeness, or other
478 distinguishing characteristic, such as a birthmark, or other recognizable feature.
479 (5) "Lacks capacity to consent" is as defined in Section 76-5-111.4.
480 (6) "Live performance" means any act, play, dance, pantomime, song, or other activity
481 performed by live actors in person.
482 (7) "Minor" means a person younger than 18 years old.
483 (8) "Nudity or partial nudity" means any state of dress or undress in which the human
484 genitals, pubic region, buttocks, or the female breast, at a point below the top of the areola, is
485 less than completely and opaquely covered.
486 (9) "Produce" means:
487 (a) the photographing, filming, taping, directing, producing, creating, designing, or
488 composing of child [
489 sexual abuse material; or
490 (b) the securing or hiring of persons to engage in the photographing, filming, taping,
491 directing, producing, creating, designing, or composing of child [
492 material or vulnerable adult [
493 (10) "Sexually explicit conduct" means actual or simulated:
494 (a) sexual intercourse, including genital-genital, oral-genital, anal-genital, or oral-anal,
495 whether between persons of the same or opposite sex;
496 (b) masturbation;
497 (c) bestiality;
498 (d) sadistic or masochistic activities;
499 (e) lascivious exhibition of the genitals, pubic region, buttocks, or female breast of any
501 (f) the visual depiction of nudity or partial nudity for the purpose of causing sexual
502 arousal of any person;
503 (g) the fondling or touching of the genitals, pubic region, buttocks, or female breast; or
504 (h) the explicit representation of the defecation or urination functions.
505 (11) "Simulated sexually explicit conduct" means a feigned or pretended act of
506 sexually explicit conduct which duplicates, within the perception of an average person, the
507 appearance of an actual act of sexually explicit conduct.
508 (12) "Vulnerable adult" is as defined in Subsection 76-5-111(1).
509 (13) "Vulnerable adult [
510 depiction, including any live performance, photograph, film, video, picture, or computer or
511 computer-generated image or picture, whether made or produced by electronic, mechanical, or
512 other means, of sexually explicit conduct, where:
513 (a) the production of the visual depiction involves the use of a vulnerable adult
514 engaging in sexually explicit conduct;
515 (b) the visual depiction is of a vulnerable adult engaging in sexually explicit conduct;
517 (c) the visual depiction has been created, adapted, or modified to appear that an
518 identifiable vulnerable adult is engaging in sexually explicit conduct.
519 Section 7. Section 76-5b-201 is amended to read:
520 76-5b-201. Sexual exploitation of a minor -- Offenses.
521 (1) Terms defined in Section 76-1-101.5 apply to this section.
522 (2) An actor commits sexual exploitation of a minor when the actor knowingly
523 possesses or intentionally views child [
524 (3) (a) A violation of Subsection (2) is a second degree felony.
525 (b) It is a separate offense under this section:
526 (i) for each minor depicted in the child [
527 (ii) for each time the same minor is depicted in different child [
528 abuse material.
529 (4) (a) It is an affirmative defense to a charge of violating this section that no minor
530 was actually depicted in the visual depiction or used in producing or advertising the visual
532 (b) For a charge of violating this section, it is an affirmative defense that:
533 (i) the defendant:
534 (A) did not solicit the child [
535 depicted in the child [
536 (B) is not more than two years older than the minor depicted in the child [
537 sexual abuse material; and
538 (C) upon request of a law enforcement agent or the minor depicted in the child
541 material in the defendant's possession; and
542 (ii) the child [
543 Chapter 5, Part 4, Sexual Offenses.
544 (5) In proving a violation of this section in relation to an identifiable minor, proof of
545 the actual identity of the identifiable minor is not required.
546 (6) [
547 following are not criminally or civilly liable under this section when acting in good faith
548 compliance with Section 77-4-201:
549 (a) an entity or an employee, director, officer, or agent of an entity when acting within
550 the scope of employment, for the good faith performance of:
551 (i) reporting or data preservation duties required under federal or state law; or
552 (ii) implementing a policy of attempting to prevent the presence of child [
553 sexual abuse material on tangible or intangible property, or of detecting and reporting the
554 presence of child [
555 (b) a law enforcement officer acting within the scope of a criminal investigation;
556 (c) an employee of a court who may be required to view child [
557 abuse material during the course of and within the scope of the employee's employment;
558 (d) a juror who may be required to view child [
559 during the course of the individual's service as a juror;
560 (e) an attorney or employee of an attorney who is required to view child [
561 sexual abuse material during the course of a judicial process and while acting within the scope
562 of employment;
563 (f) an employee of the Department of Human Services who is required to view child
565 (g) an attorney who is required to view child [
566 within the scope of the attorney's responsibility to represent the Department of Human
567 Services, including the divisions and offices within the Department of Human Services.
568 Section 8. Section 76-5b-201.1 is amended to read:
569 76-5b-201.1. Aggravated sexual exploitation of a minor.
570 (1) As used in this section:
571 (a) "Physical abuse" or "physically abused" means the same as the term "physical
572 abuse" is defined in Section 80-1-102.
573 (b) The terms defined in Section 76-1-101.5 apply to this section.
574 (2) An actor commits aggravated sexual exploitation of a minor if the actor:
575 (a) intentionally distributes child [
576 (b) knowingly produces child [
577 (c) is the minor's parent or legal guardian and knowingly consents to or permits the
578 minor to be sexually exploited as described in Subsection (2)(a) or (b) or Section 76-5b-201.
579 (3) (a) Except as provided in Subsection (3)(b) or (c), a violation of Subsection (2) is a
580 first degree felony.
581 (b) If an actor is under 18 years old at the time of the offense, a violation of Subsection
582 (2) is a second degree felony.
583 (c) A violation of Subsection (2)(a) is a second degree felony if the child [
584 sexual abuse material depicts an individual who is:
585 (i) 14 years old or older; or
586 (ii) pubescent.
587 (4) It is a separate offense under this section:
588 (a) for each minor depicted in the child [
589 (b) for each time the same minor is depicted in different child [
590 abuse material.
591 (5) (a) It is an affirmative defense to a charge of violating this section that no minor
592 was actually depicted in the visual depiction or used in producing or advertising the visual
594 (b) In proving a violation of this section in relation to an identifiable minor, proof of
595 the actual identity of the identifiable minor is not required.
596 (6) [
597 following are not criminally or civilly liable under this section when acting in good faith
598 compliance with Section 77-4-201:
599 (a) an entity or an employee, director, officer, or agent of an entity when acting within
600 the scope of employment, for the good faith performance of:
601 (i) reporting or data preservation duties required under federal or state law; or
602 (ii) implementing a policy of attempting to prevent the presence of child [
603 sexual abuse material on tangible or intangible property, or of detecting and reporting the
604 presence of child [
605 (b) a law enforcement officer acting within the scope of a criminal investigation;
606 (c) an employee of a court who may be required to view child [
607 abuse material during the course of and within the scope of the employee's employment;
608 (d) a juror who may be required to view child [
609 during the course of the individual's service as a juror;
610 (e) an attorney or employee of an attorney who is required to view child [
611 sexual abuse material during the course of a judicial process and while acting within the scope
612 of employment;
613 (f) an employee of the Department of Health and Human Services who is required to
614 view child [
615 employment; or
616 (g) an attorney who is required to view child [
617 within the scope of the attorney's responsibility to represent the Department of Health and
618 Human Services, including the divisions and offices within the Department of Health and
619 Human Services.
620 Section 9. Section 76-5b-202 is amended to read:
621 76-5b-202. Sexual exploitation of a vulnerable adult -- Offenses.
622 (1) Terms defined in Section 76-1-101.5 apply to this section.
623 (2) An actor commits sexual exploitation of a vulnerable adult if the actor:
624 (a) (i) (A) knowingly produces, possesses, or possesses with intent to distribute
625 material that the actor knows is vulnerable adult [
626 (B) intentionally distributes or views material that the actor knows is vulnerable adult
628 (ii) the vulnerable adult who appears in, or is depicted in, the vulnerable adult
630 Subsection (2)(a); or
631 (b) is a vulnerable adult's legal guardian and knowingly consents to, or permits the
632 vulnerable adult to be, sexually exploited as described in Subsection (2)(a).
633 (3) (a) A violation of Subsection (2) is a third degree felony.
634 (b) It is a separate offense under this section:
635 (i) for each vulnerable adult depicted in the vulnerable adult [
636 abuse material; and
637 (ii) for each time the same vulnerable adult is depicted in different vulnerable adult
639 (4) It is an affirmative defense to a charge of violating this section that no vulnerable
640 adult was actually depicted in the visual depiction or used in producing or advertising the
641 visual depiction.
642 (5) In proving a violation of this section in relation to an identifiable vulnerable adult,
643 proof of the actual identity of the identifiable vulnerable adult is not required.
644 (6) This section may not be construed to impose criminal or civil liability on:
645 (a) any entity or an employee, director, officer, or agent of an entity, when acting
646 within the scope of employment, for the good faith performance of:
647 (i) reporting or data preservation duties required under any federal or state law; or
648 (ii) implementing a policy of attempting to prevent the presence of vulnerable adult
650 reporting the presence of vulnerable adult [
652 (b) any law enforcement officer acting within the scope of a criminal investigation.
653 Section 10. Section 76-10-1204.5 is amended to read:
654 76-10-1204.5. Reporting of child sexual abuse material by a computer technician.
655 (1) As used in this section:
656 (a) [
657 is defined in Section 76-5b-103.
658 (b) "Computer technician" or "technician" means an individual who in the course and
659 scope of the individual's employment for compensation installs, maintains, troubleshoots,
660 upgrades, or repairs computer hardware, software, personal computer networks, or peripheral
662 (c) "Image" means an image of child [
663 that a computer technician reasonably believes is child [
664 (2) (a) A computer technician who in the course of employment for compensation
665 views an image on a computer or other electronic device that is or appears to be child
667 (i) a state or local law enforcement agency, or the Cyber Tip Line at the National
668 Center for Missing and Exploited Children; or
669 (ii) an employee designated by the employer of the computer technician in accordance
670 with Subsection (3).
671 (b) A computer technician who willfully does not report an image as required under
672 Subsection (2)(a) is guilty of a class B misdemeanor.
673 (c) The identity of the computer technician who reports an image shall be confidential,
674 except as necessary for the criminal investigation and the judicial process.
675 (d) (i) If the computer technician makes or does not make a report under this section in
676 good faith, the technician is immune from any criminal or civil liability related to reporting or
677 not reporting the image.
678 (ii) In this Subsection (2)(d), good faith may be presumed from an employee's or
679 employer's previous course of conduct when the employee or employer has made appropriate
681 (e) It is a defense to prosecution under this section that the computer technician did not
682 report the image because the technician reasonably believed the image did not depict a person
683 younger than 18 years [
684 (3) (a) An employer of a computer technician may implement a procedure that
686 (i) the computer technician report an image as is required under Subsection (2)(a) to an
687 employee designated by the employer to receive the report of the image; and
688 (ii) the designated employee to immediately forward the report provided by the
689 computer technician to an agency under Subsection (2)(a)(i).
690 (b) Compliance by the computer technician and the designated employee with the
691 reporting process under Subsection (3)(a) is compliance with the reporting requirement of this
692 section and establishes immunity under Subsection (2)(d).
693 (4) This section does not apply to an Internet service provider or interactive computer
694 service, as defined in 47 U.S.C. Sec. 230(f)(2), a provider of an electronic communications
695 service as defined in 18 U.S.C. Sec. 2510, a telecommunications service, information service,
696 or mobile service as defined in 47 U.S.C. Sec. 153, including a commercial mobile service as
697 defined in 47 U.S.C. Sec. 332(d), or a cable operator as defined in 47 U.S.C. Sec. 522, if the
698 provider reports the image in compliance with 18 U.S.C. 2258A or a successor federal statute
699 that requires reporting by a provider of an image of child [
700 Section 11. Section 77-4-101, which is renumbered from Section 77-4-1 is renumbered
701 and amended to read:
705 A public officer authorized to execute process issued by any court may use such force
706 as is reasonable and necessary to execute service of process. If necessary, he may seize, arrest,
707 and confine persons resisting or aiding and abetting resistance to his service of process.
708 Section 12. Section 77-4-201 is enacted to read:
710 77-4-201. Reproduction of child sexual abuse material -- Prohibition.
711 (1) As used in this section:
712 (a) "Child sexual abuse material" means the same as that term is defined in Section
714 (b) "Law enforcement agency" means the same as that term is defined in Section
716 (c) "Victim" means the same as that term is defined in Section 77-37-2.
717 (2) In a proceeding involving child sexual abuse material, the child sexual abuse
718 material shall remain in the care, custody, and control of:
719 (a) a law enforcement agency; or
720 (b) a court.
721 (3) (a) In a proceeding involving child sexual abuse material, a court shall deny a
722 request by a defendant to copy, photograph, duplicate, or otherwise reproduce the child sexual
723 abuse material if the court or a law enforcement agency provides the defendant's attorney or an
724 individual the defendant may seek to qualify as an expert an adequate opportunity to view and
725 examine the child sexual abuse material.
726 (b) An individual described in Subsection (3)(a) may view or examine the child sexual
727 abuse material only at the law enforcement agency or court that has custody and control of the
728 child sexual abuse material.
729 (c) A defendant who is self represented:
730 (i) may not inspect the child sexual abuse material; and
731 (ii) may request that the court appoint counsel for the purpose of inspecting the child
732 sexual abuse material on behalf of the defendant.
733 (4) (a) In a proceeding involving child sexual abuse material, a victim, the victim's
734 attorney, or an individual the victim may, upon a showing of good cause, seek to qualify as an
735 expert, may view and examine the child sexual abuse material that depicts the victim upon a
736 showing of good cause.
737 (b) An individual described in Subsection (4)(a) may not copy, photograph, duplicate,
738 or otherwise reproduce the child sexual abuse material.
739 (c) An individual described in Subsection (4)(a) may view or examine the child sexual
740 abuse material only at the law enforcement agency or court that has custody and control of the
741 child sexual abuse material.
742 (d) The court or law enforcement agency may redact the child sexual abuse material
743 described in this Subsection (4) to protect the privacy of a third party.