7 LONG TITLE
8 General Description:
9 This bill establishes requirements for animal shelters that euthanize animals.
10 Highlighted Provisions:
11 This bill:
12 ▸ modifies definitions;
13 ▸ addresses the methods by which an animal shelter or animal control officer may
14 euthanize an animal;
15 ▸ requires an animal shelter that euthanizes animals to adopt a euthanasia policy and
16 training program; and
17 ▸ makes technical changes.
18 Money Appropriated in this Bill:
20 Other Special Clauses:
22 Utah Code Sections Affected:
24 11-46-102, as enacted by Laws of Utah 2011, Chapter 130
25 11-46-103, as enacted by Laws of Utah 2011, Chapter 130
27 11-46-401, Utah Code Annotated 1953
28 11-46-402, Utah Code Annotated 1953
30 Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
31 Section 1. Section 11-46-102 is amended to read:
32 11-46-102. Definitions.
33 As used in this chapter:
34 (1) (a) "Animal" means a cat or dog.
35 (b) "Animal" does not include livestock, as that term is defined in Section 4-1-109.
36 (2) "Animal control officer" means any person employed or appointed by a county or a
37 municipality who is authorized to investigate violations of laws and ordinances concerning
38 animals, to issue citations in accordance with Utah law, and to take custody of animals as
39 appropriate in the enforcement of [
40 (3) (a) "Animal shelter" means a facility or program[
41 lost, or unwanted animals, including holding and placing the animals for adoption.
46 (b) "Animal shelter" includes a private humane society or private animal welfare
48 (c) "Animal shelter" does not include an institution, as that term is defined in Section
49 26-26-1, which is conducting research on animals.
50 (4) "Person" means an individual, an entity, or a representative of an entity.
51 Section 2. Section 11-46-103 is amended to read:
52 11-46-103. Stray animals.
53 (1) Each municipal or county animal control officer shall hold or cause to be held at an
54 animal shelter any unidentified or unclaimed stray animal in safe and humane custody for a
55 minimum of five business days after the time of impound and prior to making any final
56 disposition of the animal.
58 (2) An animal shelter shall ensure that a record of each held animal is maintained that
59 includes the:
60 (a) date of impound;
61 (b) date of disposition; and
62 (c) method of disposition, which may be:
63 (i) placement in an adoptive home or other transfer of the animal, which shall be in
65 (ii) return to [
66 (iii) placement in a community cat program as defined in Section 11-46-302; or
67 (iv) euthanasia in accordance with Part 4, Euthanasia of Shelter Animals.
68 (3) An unidentified or unclaimed stray animal may be euthanized [
69 completion of the five working day minimum holding period to prevent unnecessary suffering
70 due to serious injury or disease[
71 (a) written agency or department policies and procedures[
72 (b) [
73 (c) Part 4, Euthanasia of Shelter Animals.
74 (4) An unidentified or unclaimed stray animal shall be returned to [
75 owner upon:
76 (a) the establishment of proof of ownership;
77 (b) compliance with the requirements of [
78 ordinances; and
79 (c) compliance with Part 2, Animal Shelter Pet Sterilization Act.
80 Section 3. Section 11-46-401 is enacted to read:
82 11-46-401. Euthanasia of shelter animals -- Permitted methods.
83 (1) Subject to Subsection (2), and except as provided in Subsection (3), on or after July
84 1, 2023, an animal shelter shall use sodium pentobarbital or a derivative as the exclusive
85 method for euthanasia of an animal.
86 (2) An animal shelter may only administer sodium pentobarbital or a derivative of
87 pentobarbital by:
88 (a) intravenous injection by hypodermic needle;
89 (b) intraperitoneal injection by hypodermic needle; or
90 (c) if an animal is unconscious, intracardial injection by hypodermic needle.
91 (3) (a) Subsection (1) does not apply to an animal control officer who, subject to
92 Subsection (3)(b), euthanizes an animal in an emergency situation outside of an animal shelter's
93 facility or place of business.
94 (b) If an animal control officer euthanizes an animal in an emergency situation, the
95 officer shall use, in the officer's judgment, the most humane method available to the officer.
96 Section 4. Section 11-46-402 is enacted to read:
97 11-46-402. Animal shelter euthanasia training -- Documentation.
98 (1) If an animal shelter performs euthanasia on animals, the animal shelter shall:
99 (a) adopt a policy for euthanasia that mandates procedures that comply with the
100 applicable provisions of this part;
101 (b) adopt a euthanasia training program; and
102 (c) require each person who conducts or assists with euthanasia on behalf of the animal
103 shelter to attend the euthanasia training program at least once every two years.
104 (2) An animal shelter described in Subsection (1) shall:
105 (a) ensure that the animal shelter's euthanasia training program is reviewed and
106 approved by a veterinarian who is licensed in accordance with Title 58, Chapter 28, Veterinary
107 Practice Act; and
108 (b) maintain a record of training dates and who attended.