Chief Sponsor: Michael L. Kohler

Senate Sponsor: ____________


8     General Description:
9          This bill modifies provisions related to property tax assessments.
10     Highlighted Provisions:
11          This bill:
12          ▸     requires a county assessor to classify types of real property for purposes of property
13     tax assessments; and
14          ▸     provides that the classifications of real property used by a county assessor is public
15     information.
16     Money Appropriated in this Bill:
17          None
18     Other Special Clauses:
19          None
20     Utah Code Sections Affected:
21     AMENDS:
22          59-2-303.1, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2016, Chapter 135

24     Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
25          Section 1. Section 59-2-303.1 is amended to read:
26          59-2-303.1. Mandatory cyclical appraisals.
27          (1) For purposes of this section:

28          (a) "Corrective action" includes:
29          (i) factoring pursuant to Section 59-2-704;
30          (ii) notifying the state auditor that the county failed to comply with the requirements of
31     this section; or
32          (iii) filing a petition for a court order requiring a county to take action.
33          (b) "Mass appraisal system" means a computer assisted mass appraisal system that:
34          (i) a county assessor uses to value real property; and
35          (ii) includes at least the following system features:
36          (A) has the ability to update all parcels of real property located within the county each
37     year;
38          (B) can be programmed with specialized criteria;
39          (C) provides uniform and equal treatment of parcels within the same class of real
40     property throughout the county; and
41          (D) annually updates all parcels of residential real property within the county using
42     accepted valuation methodologies as determined by rule.
43          (c) "Property review date" means the date a county assessor completes a detailed
44     review of the property characteristics of a parcel of real property in accordance with Subsection
45     (3)(a).
46          (2) (a) The county assessor shall annually update property values of property as
47     provided in Section 59-2-301 based on a systematic review of current market data.
48          (b) The county assessor shall conduct the annual update described in Subsection (2)(a)
49     by using a mass appraisal system on or before the following:
50          (i) for a county of the first class, January 1, 2009;
51          (ii) for a county of the second class, January 1, 2011;
52          (iii) for a county of the third class, January 1, 2014; and
53          (iv) for a county of the fourth, fifth, or sixth class, January 1, 2015.
54          (c) The county assessor and the commission shall jointly certify that the county's mass
55     appraisal system meets the requirements:
56          (i) described in Subsection (1)(b); and
57          (ii) of the commission.
58          (3) (a) In addition to the requirements in Subsection (2), the county assessor shall

59     complete a detailed review of property characteristics for each property at least once every five
60     years.
61          (b) The county assessor shall maintain on the county's [computer system,] mass
62     appraisal system a record of the last property review date for each parcel of real property
63     located within the county assessor's county.
64          (c) (i) The county assessor shall maintain on the county's mass appraisal system a
65     parcel's property tax class or category that is used for the purpose of assessment for property
66     tax purposes on the annual assessment date.
67          (ii) The classifications or categories of real property under Subsection (3)(c)(i) shall
68     include, at minimum:
69          (A) primary residential;
70          (B) commercial;
71          (C) vacant land;
72          (D) secondary residential; and
73          (E) non-taxable.
74          (iii) The classifications or categories of real property used by the county assessor, and
75     the classification or category applied to a specific parcel, is public information.
76          (4) (a) The commission shall take corrective action if the commission determines that:
77          (i) a county assessor has not satisfactorily followed the current mass appraisal
78     standards, as provided by law;
79          (ii) the sales-assessment ratio, coefficients of dispersion, or other statistical measures
80     of appraisal performance related to the studies required by Section 59-2-704 are not within the
81     standards provided by law; or
82          (iii) the county assessor has failed to comply with the requirements of this section.
83          (b) If a county assessor fails to comply with the requirements of this section for one
84     year, the commission shall assist the county assessor in fulfilling the requirements of
85     Subsections (2) and (3).
86          (c) If a county assessor fails to comply with the requirements of this section for two
87     consecutive years, the county will lose the county's allocation of the revenue generated
88     statewide from the imposition of the multicounty assessing and collecting levy authorized in
89     Sections 59-2-1602 and 59-2-1603.

90          (d) If a county loses its allocation of the revenue generated statewide from the
91     imposition of the multicounty assessing and collecting levy described in Subsection (4)(c), the
92     revenue the county would have received shall be distributed to the Multicounty Appraisal Trust
93     created by interlocal agreement by all counties in the state.
94          (5) (a) On or before July 1, 2008, the county assessor shall prepare a five-year plan to
95     comply with the requirements of Subsections (2) and (3).
96          (b) The plan shall be available in the county assessor's office for review by the public
97     upon request.
98          (c) The plan shall be annually reviewed and revised as necessary.
99          (6) A county assessor shall create, maintain, and regularly update a database containing
100     the following information that the county assessor may use to enhance the county's ability to
101     accurately appraise and assess property on an annual basis:
102          (a) fee and other appraisals;
103          (b) property characteristics and features;
104          (c) property surveys;
105          (d) sales data; and
106          (e) any other data or information on sales, studies, transfers, changes to property, or
107     property characteristics.
108          Section 2. Effective date.
109          This bill takes effect on May 1, 2024.