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H.B. 99 Enrolled
AN ACT RELATING TO THE JUDICIAL CODE; ALLOWING FOR JUVENILE COURT
JUDGES TO GIVE YOUTH OFFENDERS THE OPTION OF JOINING THE NATIONAL
GUARD; DEFINING CRITERIA; AND PROVIDING AN EFFECTIVE DATE.
This act affects sections of Utah Code Annotated 1953 as follows:
78-3a-118, as last amended by Chapters 34, 94, 274 and 298, Laws of Utah 1998
Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
Section 1. Section 78-3a-118 is amended to read:
78-3a-118. Adjudication of jurisdiction of juvenile court -- Disposition of cases --
Enumeration of possible court orders -- Considerations of court.
(1) (a) When a minor is found to come within the provisions of Section 78-3a-104 , the
court shall so adjudicate. The court shall make a finding of the facts upon which it bases its
jurisdiction over the minor. However, in cases within the provisions of Subsection 78-3a-104 (1),
findings of fact are not necessary.
(b) If the court adjudicates a minor for a crime of violence or an offense in violation of Title
76, Chapter 10, Part 5, Weapons, it shall order that notice of the adjudication be provided to the
school superintendent of the district in which the minor resides or attends school. Notice shall be
made to the district superintendent within three days and shall include the specific offenses for
which the minor was adjudicated.
(2) Upon adjudication the court may make the following dispositions by court order:
(a) (i) The court may place the minor on probation or under protective supervision in the
minor's own home and upon conditions determined by the court, including compensatory service
as provided in Section 78-11-20.7 .
(ii) The court may place the minor in state supervision with the probation department of
the court, under the legal custody of his parent or guardian, the Division of Youth Corrections, or
the Division of Child and Family Services.
(iii) If the court orders probation or state supervision, the court shall direct that notice of its
order be provided to designated persons in the local law enforcement agency and the school or
transferee school, if applicable, which the minor attends. The designated persons may receive the
information for purposes of the minor's supervision and student safety.
(iv) Any employee of the local law enforcement agency and the school which the minor
attends who discloses the court's order of probation is not:
(A) civilly liable except when the disclosure constitutes fraud or malice as provided in Section
63-30-4 ; and
(B) civilly or criminally liable except when the disclosure constitutes a knowing violation of
Section 63-2-801 .
(b) The court may place the minor in the legal custody of a relative or other suitable person,
with or without probation or protective supervision, but the juvenile court may not assume the
function of developing foster home services.
(c) (i) The court may vest legal custody of the minor in the Division of Child and Family
Services, Division of Youth Corrections, or the Division of Mental Health, and may order the
Department of Human Services to provide dispositional recommendations and services.
(ii) For minors who may qualify for services from two or more divisions within the
Department of Human Services, the court may vest legal custody with the department.
(iii) Minors who are committed to the custody of the Division of Child and Family Services
on grounds other than abuse or neglect are subject to the provisions of Title 78, Chapter 3a, Part 3A,
Minors in Custody on Grounds Other Than Abuse or Neglect, and Title 62A, Chapter 4a, Part 2A,
Minors in Custody on Grounds Other Than Abuse or Neglect. Prior to making a recommendation
that the court place a minor in the custody of the Division of Child and Family Services on grounds
other than abuse or neglect, the probation department shall provide the division adequate with notice
for the division to attend the hearing.
(d) (i) The court may commit the minor to the Division of Youth Corrections for secure
(ii) A minor under the jurisdiction of the court solely on the ground of abuse, neglect, or
dependency under Subsection 78-3a-104 (1)(c) may not be committed to the Division of Youth
(e) The court may commit the minor, subject to the court retaining continuing jurisdiction
over him, to the temporary custody of the Division of Youth Corrections for observation and
evaluation for a period not to exceed 90 days.
(f) (i) The court may commit the minor to a place of detention or an alternative to detention
for a period not to exceed 30 days subject to the court retaining continuing jurisdiction over the
(ii) Subsection (2)(f) applies only to those minors adjudicated for an act which if committed
by an adult would be a criminal offense or for contempt of court under Section 78-3a-901 . This
commitment may be stayed or suspended upon conditions ordered by the court.
(g) The court may vest legal custody of an abused, neglected, or dependent minor in the
Division of Child and Family Services or any other appropriate person in accordance with the
requirements and procedures of Title 78, Chapter 3a, Part 3, Abuse, Neglect, and Dependency
(h) The court may place the minor on a ranch or forestry camp, or similar facility for care and
also for work, if possible, if the person, agency, or association operating the facility has been
approved or has otherwise complied with all applicable state and local laws. A minor placed in a
forestry camp or similar facility may be required to work on fire prevention, forestation and
reforestation, recreational works, forest roads, and on other works on or off the grounds of the
facility and may be paid wages, subject to the approval of and under conditions set by the court.
(i) The court may order that the minor be required to repair, replace, or otherwise make
restitution for damage or loss caused by the minor's wrongful act, including costs of treatment as
stated in Section 78-3a-318 , and may impose fines in limited amounts.
(j) The court may issue orders necessary for the collection of restitution and fines ordered
by the court, including garnishments, wage withholdings, and executions.
(k) (i) The court may through its probation department encourage the development of
employment or work programs to enable minors to fulfill their obligations under Subsection (2)(i) and
for other purposes considered desirable by the court.
(ii) Consistent with the order of the court, the probation officer may permit the minor found
to be within the jurisdiction of the court to participate in a program of work restitution or
compensatory service in lieu of paying part or all of the fine imposed by the court. The work
restitution or compensatory service permitted by the probation officer may not affect the amount of
(l) In violations of traffic laws within the court's jurisdiction, the court may, in addition to any
other disposition, restrain the minor from driving for periods of time the court considers necessary
and take possession of the minor's driver license. However, proceedings involving an offense under
Section 78-3a-506 are governed by that section regarding suspension of driving privileges.
(m) (i) When a minor is found within the jurisdiction of the juvenile court under Section
78-3a-104 because of violating Section 58-37-8 , Title 58, Chapter 37a, Utah Drug Paraphernalia Act,
or Title 58, Chapter 37b, Imitation Controlled Substances Act, the court shall, in addition to any fines
or fees otherwise imposed, order that the minor perform a minimum of 20 hours, but no more than
100 hours, of compensatory service. Satisfactory completion of an approved substance abuse
prevention or treatment program may be credited by the court as compensatory service hours.
(ii) When a minor is found within the jurisdiction of the juvenile court under Section
78-3a-104 because of a violation of Section 32A-12-209 or Subsection 76-9-701 (1), the court may,
upon the first adjudication, and shall, upon a second or subsequent adjudication, order that the minor
perform a minimum of 20 hours, but no more than 100 hours of compensatory service, in addition
to any fines or fees otherwise imposed. Satisfactory completion of an approved substance abuse
prevention or treatment program may be credited by the court as compensatory service hours.
(n) The court may order that the minor be examined or treated by a physician, surgeon,
psychiatrist, or psychologist or that he receive other special care. For these purposes the court may
place the minor in a hospital or other suitable facility.
(o) (i) The court may appoint a guardian for the minor if it appears necessary in the interest
of the minor, and may appoint a public or private institution or agency as guardian in which legal
custody of the minor is vested.
(ii) In placing a minor under the guardianship or legal custody of an individual or of a private
agency or institution, the court shall give primary consideration to the welfare of the minor. When
practicable, the court may take into consideration the religious preferences of the minor and of the
(p) (i) In support of a decree under Section 78-3a-104 , the court may order reasonable
conditions to be complied with by the parents or guardian, the minor, the minor's custodian, or any
other person who has been made a party to the proceedings. Conditions may include:
(A) visitation by the parents or one parent;
(B) restrictions on the minor's associates;
(C) restrictions on the minor's occupation and other activities; and
(D) requirements to be observed by the parents or custodian.
(ii) A minor whose parents or guardians successfully complete a family or other counseling
program may be credited by the court for detention, confinement, or probation time.
(q) The court may order the minor to be placed in the legal custody of the Division of Mental
Health or committed to the physical custody of a local mental health authority, in accordance with
the procedures and requirements of Title 62A, Chapter 12, Part 2A, Commitment of Persons Under
Age 18 to Division of Mental Health.
(r) The court may make an order committing a minor within its jurisdiction to the Utah State
Developmental Center if the minor has been found mentally retarded in accordance with the
provisions of Title 62A, Chapter 5, Part 3, Admission to Mental Retardation Facility. The procedure
applicable in the district courts with respect to judicial commitments to the Utah State Developmental
Center shall be followed by the juvenile court in these cases.
(s) The court may terminate all parental rights upon a finding of compliance with the
provisions of Title 78, Chapter 3a, Part 4, Termination of Parental Rights Act.
(t) The court may make any other reasonable orders for the best interest of the minor or as
required for the protection of the public, except that a person younger than 18 years of age may not
be committed to jail or prison, and offenses under Section 78-3a-506 are governed by that section
regarding suspension of driving privileges.
(u) The court may combine several of the above-listed modes of disposition if they are
(v) Before depriving any parent of custody, the court shall give due consideration to the
rights of parents concerning their minors. The court may transfer custody of a minor to another
person, agency, or institution in accordance with the requirements and procedures of Title 78,
Chapter 3a, Part 3, Abuse, Neglect, and Dependency Proceedings.
(w) Except as provided in Subsection (2)(y)(i), an order under this section for probation or
placement of a minor with an individual or an agency shall include a date certain for a review of the
case by the court. A new date shall be set upon each review.
(x) In reviewing foster home placements, special attention shall be given to making adoptable
minors available for adoption without delay.
(y) (i) The juvenile court may enter an order of permanent custody and guardianship with a
relative or individual of a minor where the court has previously acquired jurisdiction as a result of an
adjudication of abuse, neglect, or dependency, excluding cases arising under Subsection
(ii) Such orders remain in effect until the minor reaches majority and are not subject to review
under Section 78-3a-119 , but may be modified by petition or motion as provided in Section
(iii) Orders permanently terminating the rights of a parent, guardian, or custodian and
permanent orders of custody and guardianship do not expire with a termination of jurisdiction of the
(3) In addition to the dispositions described above, when a minor comes within the court's
jurisdiction he may be given a choice by the judge to serve in the National Guard in lieu of other
(a) the minor meets the current entrance qualifications for service in the National Guard as
determined by a recruiter, whose determination is final;
(b) the minor is not under the jurisdiction of the court for any act that:
(i) would be a felony if committed by an adult;
(ii) is a violation of Title 58, Chapter 37, Controlled Substances; or
(iii) was committed with a weapon; and
(c) the court retains jurisdiction over the minor under conditions set by the juvenile court
judge and agreed upon by the recruiter or the unit the minor is eventually assigned to.
Section 2. Effective date.
This act takes effect on July 1, 1999.
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