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First Substitute S.B. 70

Senator D. Edgar Allen proposes to substitute the following bill:


             1     
DAMAGES FOR HARM TO OR THEFT OF AN

             2     
ASSISTANCE ANIMAL

             3     
2000 GENERAL SESSION

             4     
STATE OF UTAH

             5     
Sponsor: D. Edgar Allen

             6      AN ACT RELATING TO THE JUDICIAL CODE AND THE CRIMINAL CODE; PROVIDING
             7      A CAUSE OF ACTION REGARDING INJURY, DEATH, OR THEFT OF A SERVICE
             8      ANIMAL; AND CREATING A CRIMINAL OFFENSE AND PENALTY FOR HARASSING OR
             9      CAUSING THE INJURY OR DEATH OF A SERVICE ANIMAL.
             10      This act affects sections of Utah Code Annotated 1953 as follows:
             11      AMENDS:
             12          18-1-3, as last amended by Chapter 27, Laws of Utah 1973
             13      ENACTS:
             14          76-9-307, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             15          78-47-101, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             16          78-47-102, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             17          78-47-103, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             18      Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
             19          Section 1. Section 18-1-3 is amended to read:
             20           18-1-3. Dogs attacking domestic animals, assistance animals, hoofed protected
             21      wildlife, or domestic fowls.
             22          Any person may injure or kill a dog while it is attacking, chasing, or worrying any domestic
             23      animal having a commercial value, any assistance animal as defined in Section 78-47-101 , or any
             24      species of hoofed protected wildlife, while attacking domestic fowls, or while [such] the dog is
             25      being pursued thereafter.


             26          Section 2. Section 76-9-307 is enacted to read:
             27          76-9-307. Injury to service animals -- Penalties.
             28          (1) As used in this section:
             29          (a) "Assistance animal" means an animal that is trained or is in training to:
             30          (i) lead or guide person who is blind or has a visual disability;
             31          (ii) assist a person who has a physical disability, including hearing impairment or deafness;
             32      or
             33          (iii) assist a person who has a mental disability.
             34          (b) "Person with a disability" means a person who is blind, visually impaired, deaf, hearing
             35      impaired, or otherwise has a physical or mental disability.
             36          (2) It is a class A misdemeanor for a person to knowingly, intentionally, or recklessly cause
             37      bodily injury or death to an assistance animal.
             38          (3) It is a class A misdemeanor for a person who owns, keeps, harbors, or exercises control
             39      over an animal to knowingly, intentionally, or recklessly fail to exercise sufficient control over the
             40      animal to prevent it from causing:
             41          (a) any injury or the death of an assistance animal; or
             42          (b) the assistance animal's subsequent inability to function as an assistance animal as a
             43      result of the animal's attacking, chasing, or harassing the assistance animal.
             44          (4) It is a class B misdemeanor for a person who owns, keeps, harbors, or exercises control
             45      over an animal to knowingly, intentionally, or recklessly fail to exercise sufficient control over the
             46      animal to prevent it from chasing or harassing an assistance animal while it is carrying out its
             47      functions as an assistance animal.
             48          (5) (a) An assistance animal is exempt from quarantine or other animal control ordinances
             49      if it bites any person while it is subject to an offense under Subsection (2), (3), or (4).
             50          (b) The owner of the assistance animal or the person with a disability whom the assistance
             51      animal serves shall make the animal available for examination at any reasonable time and shall
             52      notify the local health officer if the animal exhibits any abnormal behavior.
             53          (6) In addition to any other penalty, a person convicted of any violation of this section is
             54      liable for restitution to the owner of the assistance animal or the person with disabilities whom the
             55      assistance animal serves for the replacement, training, and veterinary costs incurred as a result of
             56      the violation of this section.


             57          (7) If the act committed under this section amounts to an offense subject to a greater
             58      penalty under another provision of Title 76, Utah Criminal Code, than is provided under this
             59      section, this section does not prohibit prosecution and sentencing for the more serious offense.
             60          Section 3. Section 78-47-101 is enacted to read:
             61     
CHAPTER 47. DAMAGES REGARDING INJURY TO OR THEFT

             62     
OF ASSISTANCE ANIMAL

             63          78-47-101. Definitions.
             64          As used in this section:
             65          (1) "Assistance animal" means an animal that is trained or is in training to:
             66          (a) lead or guide person who is blind or has a visual disability;
             67          (b) assist a person who has a physical disability, including hearing impairment or deafness;
             68      or
             69          (c) assist a person who has a mental disability.
             70          (2) "Person with a disability" means a person who is blind, visually impaired, deaf, hearing
             71      impaired, or otherwise has a physical or mental disability.
             72          Section 4. Section 78-47-102 is enacted to read:
             73          78-47-102. Damages recoverable for harm to or theft of assistance animal.
             74          (1) A person with a disability who uses an assistance animal, or the owner of an assistance
             75      animal has a cause of action for economic and non-economic damages against:
             76          (a) any person who steals, or without provocation, attacks the assistance animal; and
             77          (b) the owner or keeper of any animal that, without provocation, attacks an assistance
             78      animal.
             79          (2) The action authorized by this section maybe brought by a person with a disability who
             80      uses the assistance animal, or the owner of the animal.
             81          (3) The measure of economic damages in an action brought under Subsection (1) regarding
             82      an assistance animal that is not returned or is killed or injured due to an unprovoked attack so that
             83      the animal is unable again function as a service animal includes:
             84          (a) the replacement value of an equally trained assistance animal, without any
             85      differentiation for the age or experience of the animal;
             86          (b) costs and expenses incurred by the person with a disability or the owner, including:
             87          (i) costs of temporary replacement assistance services, whether provided by another


             88      assistance animal or by a person;
             89          (ii) reasonable costs incurred in efforts to recover a stolen service animal; and
             90          (iii) court and attorney costs incurred in bringing an action under this section.
             91          (4) If the unprovoked attack on a service animal results in injuries from which the animal
             92      recovers so it is able to again function as a service animal for the person with a disability, or if the
             93      theft of the service animal results in the recovery of the service animal and the animal is again able
             94      to function as a service animal for the person with a disability, the measure of economic damages
             95      is the costs and expenses incurred by the person with a disability or the owner as a result of the
             96      theft of or injury to the service animal, and includes:
             97          (a) veterinary medical expenses;
             98          (b) costs of temporary replacement assistance services, whether provided by another
             99      assistance animal or a person;
             100          (c) costs incurred in recovering the assistance animal, such as a reward; and
             101          (d) court and attorney costs incurred in bringing an action under this section.
             102          Section 5. Section 78-47-103 is enacted to read:
             103          78-47-103. Limitation on cause of action.
             104          A cause of action does not exist under this section if the person with a disability who uses
             105      the service animal or the person having custody or supervision of the service animal was
             106      committing a civil or criminal trespass at the time of the theft of or attack on the assistance animal.


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