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[Status][Bill Documents][Fiscal Note][Bills Directory]

Second Substitute S.B. 81

Representative Stephen H. Urquhart proposes to substitute the following bill:


             1     
PROVISIONS RELATING TO HIGH-LEVEL

             2     
NUCLEAR WASTE

             3     
2001 GENERAL SESSION

             4     
STATE OF UTAH

             5     
Sponsor: Terry R. Spencer

             6      This act modifies the Environmental Quality Code, the County Land Use Development and
             7      Management Act, the Labor Code regarding drug and alcohol testing, and the Water and
             8      Irrigation Code regarding determination of water rights. The act prohibits the placement
             9      of high-level nuclear waste or greater than class C radioactive waste within the exterior
             10      borders of the state, and prohibits governmental entities or businesses from providing
             11      services to facilitate the placement of the waste in the state. However, should the federal
             12      government authorize such placement, the act requires mandatory planning by the site
             13      county, including a public hearing. The act provides that an entity may not apply for a state
             14      license for the transportation, transfer, or storage of high-level nuclear waste or greater than
             15      class C radioactive waste until a final court ruling is given regarding the state provisions.
             16      The act also prohibits a county from providing municipal-type services to a site under
             17      consideration for a facility, entering into contracts to provide the services, or creating
             18      political subdivisions to provide the services until a license is authorized. The act provides
             19      that persons or organizations acting in violation of these provisions are subject to penalties.
             20      The act requires the Department of Environmental Quality to determine the amount of
             21      unfunded potential liability regarding a release of the waste from a facility. Should a facility
             22      gain a license, the act imposes on any organization providing municipal-type services a
             23      transaction fee of 75% of the value of a contract. This fee is to be applied to the unfunded
             24      potential liability and is to be deposited in a restricted account created by this act. In
             25      addition, the license applicant is required to deposit in this account not less than 75% of the


             26      determined unfunded potential liability within 30 days of issuance of the license for the
             27      facility. The licensee is also required to pay an annual fee of the amount of workers'
             28      compensation to be paid for employees in the state, multiplied by the number of casks of
             29      nuclear waste brought into the state. This fee is also to be deposited in the account. The fee
             30      does not exempt the licensee from payments for workers' compensation, also. The act also
             31      requires the licensee to test employees for drug and alcohol, to protect the safety of the
             32      public. The act also provides for the state engineer to file an action in court to determine
             33      water rights for any area within the state's exterior boundaries regarding which any entity
             34      is actively seeking a license for a nuclear waste facility. This act takes effect upon approval.
             35      This act provides a coordination clause to specify the effective date.
             36      This act affects sections of Utah Code Annotated 1953 as follows:
             37      AMENDS:
             38          17-27-102, as last amended by Chapter 93, Laws of Utah 1992
             39          17-27-301, as last amended by Chapter 34, Laws of Utah 2000
             40          17-27-303, as last amended by Chapter 23, Laws of Utah 1992
             41          17-34-1, as repealed and reenacted by Chapter 199, Laws of Utah 2000
             42          17-34-3, as last amended by Chapter 199, Laws of Utah 2000
             43          19-3-301, as last amended by Chapter 348, Laws of Utah 1998
             44          19-3-302, as enacted by Chapter 348, Laws of Utah 1998
             45          19-3-303, as enacted by Chapter 348, Laws of Utah 1998
             46          19-3-308, as enacted by Chapter 348, Laws of Utah 1998
             47          19-3-309, as enacted by Chapter 348, Laws of Utah 1998
             48          19-3-312, as enacted by Chapter 348, Laws of Utah 1998
             49          34-38-3, as enacted by Chapter 234, Laws of Utah 1987
             50          73-4-1, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             51      ENACTS:
             52          17-27-308, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             53          17-34-6, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             54          19-3-319, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             55      Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
             56          Section 1. Section 17-27-102 is amended to read:


             57           17-27-102. Purpose.
             58          (1) To accomplish the purpose of this chapter, and in order to provide for the health,
             59      safety, and welfare, and promote the prosperity, improve the morals, peace and good order,
             60      comfort, convenience, and aesthetics of the county and its present and future inhabitants and
             61      businesses, to protect the tax base, secure economy in governmental expenditures, foster the state's
             62      agricultural and other industries, protect both urban and nonurban development, and to protect
             63      property values, counties may enact all ordinances, resolutions, and rules that they consider
             64      necessary for the use and development of land within the county, including ordinances, resolutions,
             65      and rules governing uses, density, open spaces, structures, buildings, energy-efficiency, light and
             66      air, air quality, transportation and public or alternative transportation, infrastructure, public
             67      facilities, vegetation, and trees and landscaping, unless those ordinances, resolutions, or rules are
             68      expressly prohibited by law.
             69          (2) A county shall comply with the mandatory provisions of this part before any agreement
             70      or contract to provide goods, services, or municipal-type services to any storage facility or transfer
             71      facility for high-level nuclear waste, or greater than class C radioactive waste, may be executed
             72      or implemented.
             73          Section 2. Section 17-27-301 is amended to read:
             74           17-27-301. General plan.
             75          (1) In order to accomplish the purposes set forth in this chapter, each county shall prepare
             76      and adopt a comprehensive general plan for:
             77          (a) the present and future needs of the county; and
             78          (b) the growth and development of the land within the county or any part of the county,
             79      including uses of land for urbanization, trade, industry, residential, agricultural, wildlife habitat,
             80      and other purposes.
             81          (2) The plan may provide for:
             82          (a) health, general welfare, safety, energy conservation, transportation, prosperity, civic
             83      activities, aesthetics, and recreational, educational, and cultural opportunities;
             84          (b) the reduction of the waste of physical, financial, or human resources that result from
             85      either excessive congestion or excessive scattering of population;
             86          (c) the efficient and economical use, conservation, and production of the supply of:
             87          (i) food and water; and


             88          (ii) drainage, sanitary, and other facilities and resources;
             89          (d) the use of energy conservation and solar and renewable energy resources;
             90          (e) the protection of urban development;
             91          (f) the protection and promotion of air quality; and
             92          (g) an official map, pursuant to Title 72, Chapter 5, Part 4, Transportation Corridor
             93      Preservation.
             94          (3) (a) The plan shall include specific provisions related to any areas within, or partially
             95      within, the exterior boundaries of the county, or contiguous to the boundaries of a county, which
             96      are proposed for the siting of a storage facility or transfer facility for the placement of high-level
             97      nuclear waste or greater than class C radioactive nuclear waste, as these wastes are defined in
             98      Section 19-3-303 . The provisions shall address the effects of the proposed site upon the health and
             99      general welfare of citizens of the state, and shall provide:
             100          (i) the information identified in Section 19-3-305 ;
             101          (ii) information supported by credible studies that demonstrates that the provisions of
             102      Subsection 19-3-307 (2) have been satisfied; and
             103          (iii) specific measures to mitigate the effects of high-level nuclear waste and greater than
             104      class C radioactive waste and guarantee the health and safety of the citizens of the state.
             105          (b) A county may, in lieu of complying with Subsection (3)(a), adopt an ordinance
             106      indicating that all proposals for the siting of a storage facility or transfer facility for the placement
             107      of high level nuclear waste or greater than class C radioactive waste wholly or partially within the
             108      county are rejected.
             109          (c) A county may adopt the ordinance listed in Subsection (3)(b) at any time.
             110          (d) The county shall send a certified copy of the ordinance under Subsection (3)(b) to the
             111      executive director of the Department of Environmental Quality by certified mail within 30 days
             112      of enactment.
             113          (e) If a county repeals an ordinance adopted pursuant to Subsection (3)(b) the county shall:
             114          (i) comply with Subsection (3)(a) as soon as reasonably possible; and
             115          (ii) send a certified copy of the repeal to the executive director of the Department of
             116      Environmental Quality by certified mail within 30 days after the repeal.
             117          [(3)] (4) The plan may define the county's local customs, local culture, and the components
             118      necessary for the county's economic stability.


             119          [(4)] (5) The county may determine the comprehensiveness, extent, and format of the
             120      general plan.
             121          Section 3. Section 17-27-303 is amended to read:
             122           17-27-303. Plan adoption.
             123          (1) (a) After completing a proposed general plan for all or part of the area within the
             124      county, the planning commission shall schedule and hold a public hearing on the proposed plan.
             125          (b) The planning commission shall provide reasonable notice of the public hearing at least
             126      14 days before the date of the hearing.
             127          (c) After the public hearing, the planning commission may make changes to the proposed
             128      general plan.
             129          (2) The planning commission shall then forward the proposed general plan to the
             130      legislative body.
             131          (3) (a) The legislative body shall hold a public hearing on the proposed general plan
             132      recommended to it by the planning commission.
             133          (b) The legislative body shall provide reasonable notice of the public hearing at least 14
             134      days before the date of the hearing.
             135          (4) (a) (i) In addition to the requirements of Subsections (1), (2), and (3), the legislative
             136      body shall hold a public hearing in Salt Lake City on provisions of the proposed county plan
             137      regarding Subsection 17-27-301 (3). The hearing procedure shall comply with this Subsection (4).
             138          (ii) The hearing format shall allow adequate time for public comment at the actual public
             139      hearing, and shall also allow for public comment in writing to be submitted to the legislative body
             140      for not fewer than 90 days after the date of the public hearing.
             141          (b) (i) The legislative body shall give notice of the hearing in accordance with this
             142      Subsection (4) when the proposed plan provisions required by Subsection 17-27-301 (3) are
             143      complete.
             144          (ii) Direct notice of the hearing shall be given, in writing, to the governor, members of the
             145      state Legislature, executive director of the Department of Environmental Quality, the state
             146      planning coordinator under Section 63-28-1 , the Resource Development Coordinating Committee
             147      pursuant to Section 63-28a-2 , and any other citizens or entities who specifically request notice in
             148      writing.
             149          (iii) Public notice shall be given by publication in at least one major Utah newspaper


             150      having broad general circulation in the state, and also in at least one Utah newspaper having a
             151      general circulation focused mainly on the county where the proposed high-level nuclear waste or
             152      greater than class C radioactive waste site is to be located.
             153          (iv) The notice in these newspapers shall be published not fewer than 180 days prior to
             154      the date of the hearing to be held under this Subsection (4), to allow reasonable time for interested
             155      parties and the state to evaluate the information regarding the provisions of Subsection
             156      17-27-301 (3).
             157          [(4)] (5) (a) After [the] a public hearing under this section, the legislative body may make
             158      any modifications to the proposed general plan that it considers appropriate.
             159          (b) The legislative body shall respond in writing and in a substantive manner to all those
             160      providing comments as a result of the hearing required by Subsection (4).
             161          [(5)] (6) The legislative body may:
             162          (a) adopt the proposed general plan without amendment;
             163          (b) amend the proposed general plan and adopt or reject it as amended; or
             164          (c) reject the proposed general plan.
             165          [(6)] (7) (a) The general plan is an advisory guide for land use decisions, except for the
             166      provision required by Subsection 17-27-301 (3), which the legislative body shall adopt.
             167          (b) The legislative body may adopt an ordinance mandating compliance with the general
             168      plan, and shall adopt an ordinance requiring compliance with all provisions of Subsection
             169      17-27-301 (3).
             170          Section 4. Section 17-27-308 is enacted to read:
             171          17-27-308. State to indemnify county regarding refusal to site nuclear waste - Terms
             172      and conditions.
             173          If a county is challenged in a court of law regarding its decision to deny siting of a storage
             174      or transfer facility for the placement of high-level nuclear waste or greater than class C radioactive
             175      waste or its refusal to provide municipal-type services regarding the operation of the storage or
             176      transfer facility, the state shall indemnify, defend, and hold the county harmless from any claims
             177      or damages, including court costs and attorney fees that are assessed as a result of the county's
             178      action, if:
             179          (1) the county has complied with the provisions of Subsection 17-27-301 (3)(b) by adopting
             180      an ordinance rejecting all proposals for the siting of a storage or transfer facility for the placement


             181      of high level nuclear waste or greater than class C radioactive waste wholly or partially within the
             182      boundaries of the county;
             183          (2) the county has complied with Subsection 17-34-1 (3) regarding refusal to provide
             184      municipal-type services; and
             185          (3) the court challenge against the county addresses the county's actions in compliance
             186      with Subsection 17-27-301 (3)(b) or Subsection 17-34-1 (3).
             187          Section 5. Section 17-34-1 is amended to read:
             188           17-34-1. Counties may provide municipal services -- First class counties required to
             189      provide paramedic services.
             190          (1) For purposes of this chapter, ["municipal-type] except as otherwise provided in
             191      Subsection (3):
             192          (a) "Greater than class C radioactive waste" has the same meaning as in Section 19-3-303 .
             193          (b) "High-level nuclear waste" has the same meaning as in Section 19-3-303 .
             194          (c) "Municipal-type services" means:
             195          [(a)] (i) fire protection service;
             196          [(b)] (ii) waste and garbage collection and disposal;
             197          [(c)] (iii) planning and zoning;
             198          [(d)] (iv) street lighting;
             199          [(e)] (v) in a county of the first class, advanced life support and paramedic services; and
             200          [(f)] (vi) all other services and functions that are required by law to be budgeted,
             201      appropriated, and accounted for from a municipal services fund or a municipal capital projects
             202      fund as defined under Chapter 36, Uniform Fiscal Procedures Act for Counties.
             203          (d) "Placement" has the same meaning as in Section 19-3-303 .
             204          (e) "Storage facility" has the same meaning as in Section 19-3-303 .
             205          (f) "Transfer facility" has the same meaning as in Section 19-3-303 .
             206          (2) A county may:
             207          (a) provide municipal-type services to areas of the county outside the limits of cities and
             208      towns without providing the same services to cities or towns;
             209          (b) fund those services by:
             210          (i) levying a tax on taxable property in the county outside the limits of cities and towns;
             211      or


             212          (ii) charging a service charge or fee to persons benefitting from the municipal-type
             213      services.
             214          (3) A county may not:
             215          (a) provide, contract to provide, or agree in any manner to provide municipal-type services,
             216      as these services are defined in Section 19-3-303 , to any area under consideration for a storage
             217      facility or transfer facility for the placement of high-level nuclear waste, or greater than class C
             218      radioactive waste; or
             219          (b) seek to fund services for these facilities by:
             220          (i) levying a tax; or
             221          (ii) charging a service charge or fee to persons benefitting from the municipal type
             222      services.
             223          [(3)] (4) Each county of the first class shall provide advanced life support and paramedic
             224      services to the area of the county outside the limits of cities and towns.
             225          Section 6. Section 17-34-3 is amended to read:
             226           17-34-3. Taxes or service charges.
             227          (1) (a) If a county furnishes the municipal-type services and functions described in Section
             228      17-34-1 to areas of the county outside the limits of incorporated cities or towns, the entire cost of
             229      the services or functions so furnished shall be defrayed from funds that the county has derived
             230      from either:
             231          (i) taxes which the county may lawfully levy or impose outside the limits of incorporated
             232      towns or cities;
             233          (ii) service charges or fees the county may impose upon the persons benefited in any way
             234      by the services or functions; or
             235          (iii) a combination of these sources.
             236          (b) As the taxes or service charges or fees are levied and collected, they shall be placed in
             237      a special revenue fund of the county and shall be disbursed only for the rendering of the services
             238      or functions established in Section 17-34-1 within the unincorporated areas of the county.
             239          (2) For the purpose of levying taxes, service charges, or fees provided in this section, the
             240      county legislative body may establish a district or districts in the unincorporated areas of the
             241      county.
             242          (3) Nothing contained in this chapter may be construed to authorize counties to impose


             243      or levy taxes not otherwise allowed by law.
             244          (4) (a) A county required under Subsection 17-34-1 [(3)](4) to provide advanced life
             245      support and paramedic services to the unincorporated area of the county and that previously paid
             246      for those services through a countywide levy may increase its levy under Subsection (1)(a)(i) to
             247      generate in the unincorporated area of the county the same amount of revenue as the county loses
             248      from that area due to the required decrease in the countywide certified tax rate under Subsection
             249      59-2-924 (2)(h)(i).
             250          (b) An increase in tax rate under Subsection (4)(a) is exempt from the notice and hearing
             251      requirements of Sections 59-2-918 and 59-2-919 .
             252          Section 7. Section 17-34-6 is enacted to read:
             253          17-34-6. State to indemnify county regarding refusal to site nuclear waste - Terms
             254      and conditions.
             255          If a county is challenged in a court of law regarding its decision to deny siting of a storage
             256      or transfer facility for the placement of high-level nuclear waste or greater than class C radioactive
             257      waste or its refusal to provide municipal-type services regarding the operation of the storage or
             258      transfer facility, the state shall indemnify, defend, and hold the county harmless from any claims
             259      or damages, including court costs and attorney fees that are assessed as a result of the county's
             260      action, if:
             261          (1) the county has complied with the provisions of Subsection 17-27-301 (3)(b) by adopting
             262      an ordinance rejecting all proposals for the siting of a storage or transfer facility for the placement
             263      of high level nuclear waste or greater than class C radioactive waste wholly or partially within the
             264      boundaries of the county;
             265          (2) the county has complied with Subsection 17-34-1 (3) regarding refusal to provide
             266      municipal-type services; and
             267          (3) the court challenge against the county addresses the county's actions in compliance
             268      with Subsection 17-27-301 (3)(b) or Subsection 17-34-1 (3).
             269          Section 8. Section 19-3-301 is amended to read:
             270           19-3-301. Restrictions on nuclear waste placement in state.
             271          (1) The [state may not approve the] placement, including transfer, storage, decay in
             272      storage, treatment, or disposal, [in] within the exterior boundaries of Utah of high-level nuclear
             273      waste or greater than class C radioactive waste [unless] is prohibited.


             274          (2) Notwithstanding Subsection (1) the governor, after consultation with the county
             275      executive and county legislative body of the affected county and with concurrence of the
             276      Legislature, may specifically [approves] approve the placement as provided in this part[.], but only
             277      if:
             278          (a) (i) the federal Nuclear Regulatory Commission issues a license, pursuant to the Nuclear
             279      Waste Policy Act, 42 U.S.C.A. 10101 et seq., or the Atomic Energy Act, 42 U.S.C.A. 2011 et seq.,
             280      for the placement within the exterior boundaries of Utah of high-level nuclear waste or greater than
             281      class C radioactive waste; and
             282          (ii) the authority of the federal Nuclear Regulatory Commission to grant a license under
             283      Subsection (2)(a)(i) is clearly upheld by a final judgment of a court of competent jurisdiction; or
             284          (b) an agency of the federal government is transporting the waste, and all state and federal
             285      requirements to proceed with the transportation have been met.
             286          (3) The requirement for the approval of a final court of competent jurisdiction shall be met
             287      in all of the following categories, in order for a state license proceeding regarding waste to begin:
             288          (a) transfer or transportation, by rail, truck, or other mechanisms;
             289          (b) storage, including any temporary storage at a site away from the generating reactor;
             290          (c) decay in storage;
             291          (d) treatment; and
             292          (e) disposal.
             293          (4) (a) Upon satisfaction of the requirements of Subsection (2)(a), for each category listed
             294      in Subsection (3), or satisfaction of the requirements under Subsection (2)(b), the governor, with
             295      the concurrence of the attorney general, shall certify in writing to the executive director of the
             296      Department of Environmental Quality that all of the requirements have been met, and that any
             297      necessary state licensing processes may begin.
             298          (b) Separate certification under this Subsection (4) shall be given for each category in
             299      Subsection (3).
             300          (5) (a) The department shall make, by rule, a determination of the dollar amount of the
             301      health and economic costs expected to result from a reasonably foreseeable accidental release of
             302      waste involving a transfer facility or storage facility, or during transportation of waste, within the
             303      exterior boundaries of the state. The department may initiate rulemaking under this Subsection
             304      (5)(a) on or after the effective date of this act.


             305          (b) (i) The department shall also determine the dollar amount currently available to cover
             306      the costs as determined in Subsection (5)(a):
             307          (A) under nuclear industry self-insurance;
             308          (B) under federal insurance requirements; and
             309          (C) in federal monies.
             310          (ii) The department may not include any calculations of federal monies that may be
             311      appropriated in the future in determining the amount under Subsection (5)(b)(i).
             312          (c) The department shall use the information compiled under Subsections (5)(a) and (b)
             313      to determine the amount of unfunded potential liability in the event of a release of waste from a
             314      storage or transfer facility, or a release during the transportation of waste.
             315          (6) (a) State agencies may not, for the purpose of providing any goods, services, or
             316      municipal-type services to a storage facility or transfer facility, or to any organization engaged in
             317      the transportation of waste, enter into any contracts or any other agreements prior to:
             318          (i) the satisfaction of the conditions in Subsection (4); and
             319          (ii) the executive director of the department having certified that the requirements of
             320      Sections 19-3-304 through 19-3-308 have been met for the purposes of a license application
             321      proceeding for a storage facility or transfer facility.
             322          (b) Political subdivisions of the state may not enter into any contracts or any other
             323      agreements for the purpose of providing any goods, services, or municipal-type services to a
             324      storage facility or transfer facility, or to any organization engaged in the transportation of waste.
             325          (c) This Subsection (6) does not prohibit a state agency from exercising the regulatory
             326      authority granted to it by law.
             327          (7) (a) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, any political subdivision may not be
             328      formed pursuant to the laws of Utah for the purpose of providing any goods, services, or
             329      municipal-type services to a storage facility or transfer facility prior to the satisfaction of the
             330      conditions in Subsection (4). These political subdivisions include:
             331          (i) a cooperative;
             332          (ii) a special district authorized by Title 17A, Special Districts;
             333          (iii) a limited purpose local governmental entities authorized by Title 17, Counties;
             334          (iv) any joint power agreement authorized by Title 11, Cities, Counties, and Local Taxing
             335      Units; and


             336          (v) the formation of a municipality, or any authority of a municipality authorized by Title
             337      10, Utah Municipal Code.
             338          (b) (i) Subsection (7)(a) shall be strictly interpreted. Any political subdivision authorized
             339      and formed under the laws of the state on or after the effective date of this act which subsequently
             340      contracts to, or in any manner agrees to provide, or does provide goods, services, or municipal-type
             341      services to a storage facility or transfer facility is formed in violation of Subsection (7)(a).
             342          (ii) If the conditions of Subsection (7)(b)(i) apply, the persons who formed the political
             343      subdivision are considered to have knowingly violated a provision of this part, and the penalties
             344      of Section 19-3-312 apply.
             345          (8) (a) An organization may not be formed for the purpose of providing any goods,
             346      services, or municipal-type services to a storage facility or transfer facility prior to:
             347          (i) the satisfaction of the conditions in Subsection (4); and
             348          (ii) the executive director of the department having certified that the requirements of
             349      Sections 19-3-304 through 19-3-308 have been met.
             350          (b) A foreign organization may not be registered to do business in the state for the purpose
             351      of providing any goods, services, or municipal-type services to a storage facility or transfer facility
             352      prior to:
             353          (i) the satisfaction of the conditions in Subsection (4); and
             354          (ii) the executive director of the department having certified that the requirements of
             355      Sections 19-3-304 through 19-3-308 have been met.
             356          (c) The prohibitions of Subsections (8)(a) and (b) shall be strictly applied, and:
             357          (i) the formation of a new organization or registration of a foreign organization within the
             358      state, any of whose purposes are to provide goods, services, or municipal-type services to a storage
             359      facility or transfer facility may not be licensed or registered in the state, and the local or foreign
             360      organization is void and does not have authority to operate within the state;
             361          (ii) any organization which is formed or registered on or after the effective date of this act,
             362      and which subsequently contracts to, or in any manner agrees to provide, or does provide goods,
             363      services, or municipal-type services to a storage facility or transfer facility has been formed or
             364      registered in violation of Subsection (8)(a) or (b) respectively; and
             365          (iii) if the conditions of Subsection (8)(c)(ii) apply, the persons who formed the
             366      organization or the principals of the foreign organization, are considered to have knowingly


             367      violated a provision of this part, and are subject to the penalties in Section 19-3-312 .
             368          (9) (a) (i) Any contract or agreement to provide any goods, services, or municipal-type
             369      services to any organization engaging in, or attempting to engage in the placement of high-level
             370      nuclear waste or greater than class C radioactive waste at a storage facility or transfer facility
             371      within the state are declared to be against the greater public interest, health, and welfare of the
             372      state, by promoting an activity which has the great potential to cause extreme public harm.
             373          (ii) These contracts or agreements under Subsection (9)(a)(i), whether formal or informal,
             374      are declared to be void from inception, agreement, or execution as against public policy.
             375          (b) (i) Any contract or other agreement to provide goods, services, or municipal-type
             376      services to storage or transfer facilities may not be executed within the state.
             377          (ii) Any contract or other agreement, existing or executed on or after the effective date of
             378      this act, is considered void from the time of agreement or execution.
             379          (10) (a) All contracts and agreements under Subsection (10)(b) are assessed an annual
             380      transaction fee of 75% of the gross value of the contract to the party providing the goods, services,
             381      or municipal-type services to the storage facility or transfer facility or transportation entity. The
             382      fee shall be assessed per calendar year, and is payable to the department on a prorated basis on or
             383      before the last day of each month.
             384          (b) Contracts and agreements subject to the fee under Subsection (10)(a) are those
             385      contracts and agreements to provide goods, services, or municipal-type services to a storage or
             386      transfer facility, or to any organization engaged in the transportation of high-level nuclear waste
             387      or greater than class C radioactive waste to a transfer facility or storage facility, and which:
             388          (i) are in existence on the effective date of this act; or
             389          (ii) become effective notwithstanding Subsection (9)(a).
             390          (c) Any governmental agency which regulates the charges to consumers for services
             391      provided by utilities or other organizations shall require the regulated utility or organization to
             392      include the fees under Subsection (10)(a) in the rates charged to the purchaser of the goods,
             393      services, or municipal-type services affected by Subsection (10)(b).
             394          (d) (i) The department, in consultation with the State Tax Commission, shall establish
             395      rules for the valuation of the contracts and assessment and collection of the fees, and other rules
             396      as necessary to determine the amount of and collection of the fee under Subsection (10)(a). The
             397      department may initiate rulemaking under this subsection on or after the effective date of this act.


             398          (ii) Persons and organizations holding contracts affected by Subsection (10)(b) shall make
             399      a good faith estimate of the fee under Subsection (10)(a) for calender year 2001, and remit that
             400      amount to the department on or before July 31, 2001.
             401          (12) It is the intent of the Legislature that this part does not prohibit or interfere with a
             402      person's exercise of the rights under the First Amendment to the Constitution of the United States
             403      or under Utah Constitution Article I, Sec. 15, by an organization attempting to site a storage
             404      facility or transfer facility within the borders of the state for the placement of high-level nuclear
             405      waste or greater than class C radioactive waste.
             406          Section 9. Section 19-3-302 is amended to read:
             407           19-3-302. Legislative intent.
             408          (1) (a) The state of Utah enacts this part to prevent the placement of any high-level nuclear
             409      waste or greater than class C radioactive waste in Utah. The state also recognizes that high-level
             410      nuclear waste or greater than class C radioactive waste may be placed within the exterior
             411      boundaries of the state, pursuant to a license from the federal government, or by the federal
             412      government itself, in violation of this state law.
             413          (b) Due to this possibility, the state also enacts provisions in this part to regulate
             414      transportation, transfer, storage, decay in storage, treatment, and disposal of any high-level nuclear
             415      waste and greater than class C radioactive waste in Utah, thereby asserting and protecting the
             416      state's interests in environmental and economic resources consistent with 42 U.S.C.A. 2011 et seq.,
             417      Atomic Energy Act and 42 U.S.C.A. 10101 et seq., Nuclear Waste Policy Act, should the federal
             418      government decide to authorize any entity to operate, or operate itself, in violation of this state law.
             419          (2) Neither the Atomic Energy Act nor the Nuclear Waste Policy Act provides for siting
             420      a large privately owned high-level nuclear waste transfer, storage, decay in storage, or treatment
             421      facility away from the vicinity of the reactors. The Atomic Energy Act and the Nuclear Waste
             422      Policy Act specifically define authorized storage and disposal programs and activities. The state
             423      of Utah in enacting this part is not preempted by federal law, since any proposed facilities that
             424      would be sited in Utah are not contemplated or authorized by federal law and, in any circumstance,
             425      this part is not contrary to or inconsistent with federal law or Congressional intent.
             426          (3) The state of Utah has environmental and economic interests which do not involve
             427      nuclear safety regulation, and which must be considered and complied with in siting a high-level
             428      nuclear waste or greater than class C radioactive waste transfer, storage, decay in storage,


             429      treatment, or disposal facility and in transporting these wastes in the state.
             430          (4) An additional primary purpose of this part is to ensure protection of the state from
             431      nonradiological hazards associated with any waste transportation, transfer, storage, decay in
             432      storage, treatment, or disposal.
             433          (5) The state recognizes the sovereign rights of Indian tribes within the state of Utah.
             434      However, any proposed transfer, storage, decay in storage, treatment, or disposal facility located
             435      on a reservation which directly affects and impacts state interests by creating off-reservation effects
             436      such as potential or actual degradation of soils and groundwater, potential or actual contamination
             437      of surface water, pollution of the ambient air, emergency planning costs, impacts on development,
             438      agriculture, and ranching, and increased transportation activity, is subject to state jurisdiction.
             439          (6) There is no tradition of regulation by the Indian tribes in Utah of high-level nuclear
             440      waste or higher than class C radioactive waste. The state does have a long history of regulation
             441      of radioactive sources and natural resources and in the transfer, storage, treatment, and
             442      transportation of materials and wastes throughout the state. The state finds that its interests are
             443      even greater when nonmembers of an Indian tribe propose to locate a facility on tribal trust lands
             444      primarily to avoid state regulation and state authorities under federal law.
             445          (7) (a) This part is not intended to modify existing state requirements for obtaining
             446      environmental approvals, permits, and licenses, including surface and groundwater permits and
             447      air quality permits, when the permits are necessary under state and federal law to construct and
             448      operate a high-level nuclear waste or greater than class C radioactive waste transfer, storage, decay
             449      in storage, treatment, or disposal facility.
             450          (b) Any source of air pollution proposed to be located within the state, including sources
             451      located within the boundaries of an Indian reservation, which will potentially or actually have a
             452      direct and significant impact on ambient air within the state, is required to obtain an approval order
             453      and permit from the state under Section 19-2-108 .
             454          (c) Any facility which will potentially or actually have a significant impact on the state's
             455      surface or groundwater resources is required to obtain a permit under Section 19-5-107 even if
             456      located within the boundaries of an Indian reservation.
             457          (8) The state finds that the transportation, transfer, storage, decay in storage, treatment, and
             458      disposal of high-level nuclear waste and greater than class C radioactive waste within the state is
             459      an ultra-hazardous activity which carries with it the risk that any release of waste may result in


             460      enormous economic and human injury.
             461          Section 10. Section 19-3-303 is amended to read:
             462           19-3-303. Definitions.
             463          As used in this part:
             464          (1) "Final judgment" means a final ruling or judgment, including any supporting opinion,
             465      that determines the rights of the parties and concerning which all appellate remedies have been
             466      exhausted or the time for appeal has expired.
             467          (2) "Goods" means any materials or supplies, whether raw, processed, or manufactured.
             468          [(1)] (3) "Greater than class C radioactive waste" means low-level radioactive waste that
             469      has higher concentrations of specific radionuclides than allowed for class C waste.
             470          (4) "Gross value of the contract" means the totality of the consideration received for any
             471      goods, services, or municipal type services delivered or rendered in the state without any deduction
             472      for expense paid or accrued with respect to it.
             473          [(2)] (5) "High-level nuclear waste" has the same meaning as in Section 19-3-102 .
             474          (6) "Municipal-type services includes, but is not limited to:
             475          (a) fire protection service;
             476          (b) waste and garbage collection and disposal;
             477          (c) planning and zoning;
             478          (d) street lighting;
             479          (e) life support and paramedic services;
             480          (f) water;
             481          (g) sewer;
             482          (h) electricity;
             483          (i) natural gas or other fuel; or
             484          (j) law enforcement.
             485          (7) "Organization" means a corporation, limited liability company, partnership, limited
             486      liability partnership, joint venture, consortium, association, trust, or other entity formed to
             487      undertake an enterprise, whether or not for profit.
             488          (8) "Placement" means transportation, transfer, storage, decay in storage, treatment, or
             489      disposal.
             490          (9) "Political subdivision" means any county, city, town, school district, public transit


             491      district, redevelopment agency, special improvement or taxing district, or other governmental
             492      subdivision or public corporation.
             493          [(3)] (10) "Rule" means a rule made by the department under Title 63, Chapter 46a, Utah
             494      Administrative Rulemaking Act.
             495          (11) "Service" or "services" means any work or governmental program which provides a
             496      benefit.
             497          [(4)] (12) "Storage facility" means any facility which stores, holds, or otherwise provides
             498      for the emplacement of waste regardless of the intent to recover that waste for subsequent use,
             499      processing, or disposal.
             500          [(5)] (13) "Transfer facility" means any facility which transfers waste from and between
             501      transportation modes, vehicles, cars, or other units, and includes rail terminals and intermodal
             502      transfer points.
             503          [(6)] (14) "Waste" or "wastes" means high-level nuclear waste and greater than class C
             504      radioactive waste.
             505          Section 11. Section 19-3-308 is amended to read:
             506           19-3-308. Application fee and annual fees.
             507      (1) (a) Any application for a waste transfer, storage, decay in storage, treatment, or disposal
             508      facility shall be accompanied by an initial fee of $5,000,000.
             509          (b) The applicant shall subsequently pay an additional fee to cover the costs to the state
             510      associated with review of the application, including costs to the state and the state's contractors for
             511      permitting, technical, administrative, legal, safety, and emergency response reviews, planning,
             512      training, infrastructure, and other impact analyses, studies, and services required to evaluate a
             513      proposed facility.
             514          (2) For the purpose of funding the state oversight and inspection of any waste transfer,
             515      storage, decay in storage, treatment, or disposal facility, and to establish state infrastructure,
             516      including, but not limited to providing for state Department of Environmental Quality, state
             517      Department of Transportation, state Department of Public Safety, and other state agencies'
             518      technical, administrative, legal, infrastructure, maintenance, training, safety, socio-economic, law
             519      enforcement, and emergency resources necessary to respond to these facilities, the owner or
             520      operator shall pay to the state a fee as established by department rule under Section 63-38-3.2 , to
             521      be assessed:


             522          (a) per ton of storage cask and high level nuclear waste per year for storage, decay in
             523      storage, treatment, or disposal of high level nuclear waste;
             524          (b) per ton of transportation cask and high level nuclear waste for each transfer of high
             525      level nuclear waste;
             526          (c) per ton of storage cask and greater than class C radioactive waste for the storage, decay
             527      in storage, treatment, or disposal of greater than class C radioactive waste; and
             528          (d) per ton of transportation cask and greater than class C radioactive waste for each
             529      transfer of greater than class C radioactive waste.
             530          (3) Funds collected under Subsection (2) shall be placed in the [Nuclear Waste Facility
             531      Oversight Restricted] Nuclear Accident and Hazard Compensation Account, created in [Section]
             532      Subsection 19-3-309 (3).
             533          (4) The owner or operator of the facility shall pay the fees imposed under this section to
             534      the department on or before the 15th day of the month following the month in which the fee
             535      accrued.
             536          (5) Annual fees due under this part accrue on July 1 of each year and shall be paid to the
             537      department by July 15 of that year.
             538          Section 12. Section 19-3-309 is amended to read:
             539           19-3-309. Restricted account.
             540          (1) There is created within the General Fund a restricted account known as the "Nuclear
             541      Waste Facility Oversight Account[.]," and referred to in this section as the "oversight account."
             542          (2) (a) The oversight account shall be funded from the fees imposed and collected under
             543      [this part] Subsections 19-3-308 (1)(a) and(b).
             544          (b) The department shall deposit in the oversight account all fees collected under [this part
             545      in the account] Subsections 19-3-308 (1)(a) and(b).
             546          (c) The Legislature may appropriate the funds in this oversight account to departments of
             547      state government as necessary for those departments to carry out their duties to implement this
             548      part.
             549          (d) The [account shall earn interest, which shall be deposited in the account] department
             550      shall account separately for monies paid into the oversight account for each separate application
             551      made pursuant to Section 19-3-304 .
             552          (3) (a) There is created within the General Fund a restricted account known as the "Nuclear


             553      Accident and Hazard Compensation Account, " to be referred to as the "compensation account"
             554      within this part.
             555          (b) The compensation account shall be funded from the fees assessed and collected under
             556      this part, except for Subsections 19-3-308 (1)(a) and (b).
             557          (c) The department shall deposit in the compensation account all fees collected under this
             558      part, except for those fees under Subsections 19-3-308 (1)(a) and (b).
             559          (d) The compensation account shall earn interest, which shall be deposited in the account.
             560          (e) The Legislature may appropriate the funds in the compensation account to the
             561      departments of state government as necessary for those departments to comply with the
             562      requirements of this part.
             563          (4) On the date when a state license is issued in accordance with Subsection
             564      19-3-301 (4)(a), the Division of Finance shall transfer all fees remaining in the oversight account
             565      attributable to that license into the compensation account.
             566          Section 13. Section 19-3-312 is amended to read:
             567           19-3-312. Enforcement -- Penalties.
             568          (1) When the department or the governor has probable cause to believe a person is
             569      violating or is about to violate any provision of this part, the department or the governor shall
             570      direct the state attorney general to apply to the appropriate court for an order enjoining the person
             571      from engaging in or continuing to engage in the activity.
             572          (2) In addition to being subject to injunctive relief, any person who violates any provision
             573      of this part is subject to a civil penalty of up to $10,000 per day for each violation.
             574          (3) Any person who knowingly violates a provision of this part is guilty of a class A
             575      misdemeanor and subject to a fine of up to $10,000 per day.
             576          (4) Any person or organization acting to facilitate a violation of any provision of this part
             577      regarding the regulation of greater than class C radioactive waste or high-level nuclear waste is
             578      subject to a civil penalty of up to $10,000 per day for each violation, in addition to being subject
             579      to injunctive relief.
             580          (5) Any person or organization who knowingly acts to facilitate a violation of this part
             581      regarding the regulation of high-level nuclear waste or greater than class C radioactive waste is
             582      guilty of a class A misdemeanor and is subject to a fine of up to $10,000 per day.
             583          (6) (a) This section does not impose a civil or criminal penalty on any Utah-based


             584      nonprofit trade association due to the membership in the organization of a member that is engaging
             585      in, or attempting to engage in, the placement of high-level nuclear waste or greater than class C
             586      radioactive waste at a storage facility or transfer facility within the state.
             587          (b) Subsection (6)(a) does not apply to a nonprofit trade association if that association
             588      takes any affirmative action to promote or assist any individual or organization in efforts to
             589      conduct any activity prohibited by this part.
             590          (c) A member of any Utah-based nonprofit trade association is not exempt from any civil
             591      or criminal liability or penalty due to membership in the association.
             592          Section 14. Section 19-3-319 is enacted to read:
             593          19-3-319. State response to nuclear release and hazards.
             594          (1) The state finds that the placement of high-level nuclear waste inside the exterior
             595      boundaries of the state is an ultra-hazardous activity which may result in catastrophic economic
             596      and environmental damage and irreparable human injury in the event of a release of waste, and
             597      which may result in serious long-term health effects to workers at any transfer or storage facility,
             598      or to workers involved in the transportation of the waste.
             599          (2) (a) The state finds that procedures for providing funding for the costs incurred by any
             600      release of waste, or for the compensation for the costs of long-term health effects are not
             601      adequately addressed by existing law.
             602          (b) Due to these concerns, the state has established a restricted account under Subsection
             603      19-3-309 (3), known as the Nuclear Accident and Hazard Compensation Account, and referred to
             604      in this section as the "compensation account." One of the purposes of this account is to partially
             605      or wholly compensate workers for these potential costs, as funds are available and appropriated
             606      for these purposes.
             607          (3) (a) The department shall require the applicant, and parent and subsidiary organizations
             608      of the applicant, to pay to the department not less than 75% of the unfunded potential liability, as
             609      determined under Subsection 19-3-301 (5), in the form of cash or cash equivalents. The payment
             610      shall be made within 30 days after the date of the issuance of a license under this part.
             611          (b) The department shall credit the amount due under Subsection 19-3-306 (10) against the
             612      amount due under this Subsection (3).
             613          (c) If the payments due under this Subsection (3) are not made within 30 days, as required,
             614      the executive director of the department shall cancel the license.


             615          (4) (a) The department shall also require an annual fee from the holder of any license
             616      issued under this part. This annual fee payment shall be calculated as:
             617          (i) the aggregate amount of the annual payments required by Title 34A, Chapter 2,
             618      Workers' Compensation Act, of the licensee and of all parties contracted to provide goods,
             619      services, or municipal-type services to the licensee, regarding their employees who are working
             620      within the state at any time during the calendar year; and
             621          (ii) multiplied by the number of storage casks of waste present at any time and for any
             622      period of time within the exterior borders of the state during the year for which the fee is assessed.
             623          (b) (i) The licensee shall pay the fee under Subsection (4)(a) to the department. The
             624      department shall deposit the fee in the compensation account created in Subsection 19-3-309 (3).
             625          (ii) The fee shall be paid to the department on or before March 31 of each calendar year.
             626          (5) The department shall use the fees paid under Subsection (4) to provide medical or
             627      death benefits, or both, as is appropriate to the situation, to the following persons for death or any
             628      long term health conditions of an employee proximately caused by the presence of the high-level
             629      nuclear waste or greater than class C radioactive waste within the state, or a release of this waste
             630      within the state that affects an employee's physical health:
             631          (a) any employee of the holder of any license issued under this part, or employees of any
             632      parties contracting to provide goods, services, transportation, or municipal-type services to the
             633      licensee, if the employee is within the state at any time during the calendar year as part of his
             634      employment; or
             635          (b) that employee's family or beneficiaries.
             636          (6) Payment of the fee under Subsection (4) does not exempt the licensee from compliance
             637      with any other provision of law, including Title 34A, Chapter 2, regarding workers' compensation.
             638          (7) (a) An agreement between an employer and an employee, the employee's family, or
             639      beneficiaries requiring the employee to waive benefits under this section, requiring the employee
             640      to seek third party coverage, or requiring an employee contribution is void.
             641          (b) Any employer attempting to secure any agreement prohibited under Subsection (7)(a)
             642      is subject to the penalties of Section 19-3-312 .
             643          (8) (a) The department, in consultation with the Division of Industrial Accidents within
             644      the Labor Commission, shall by rule establish procedures regarding application for benefits,
             645      standards for eligibility, estimates of annual payments, and payments.


             646          (b) Payments under this section are in addition to any other payments or benefits allowed
             647      by state or federal law, notwithstanding provisions in Title 34A, Chapter 2, regarding workers'
             648      compensation.
             649          (c) Payments or obligations to pay under this section may not exceed funds appropriated
             650      for these purposes by the Legislature.
             651          Section 15. Section 34-38-3 is amended to read:
             652           34-38-3. Testing for drugs or alcohol.
             653          (1) It is not unlawful for an employer to test employees or prospective employees for the
             654      presence of drugs or alcohol, in accordance with the provisions of this chapter, as a condition of
             655      hiring or continued employment. However, employers and management in general [must] shall
             656      submit to the testing themselves on a periodic basis.
             657          (2) (a) Any organization which is operating a storage facility or transfer facility or which
             658      is engaged in the transportation of high-level nuclear waste or greater than class C radioactive
             659      waste within the exterior boundaries of the state shall establish a mandatory drug testing program
             660      regarding drugs and alcohol for prospective and existing employees as a condition of hiring any
             661      employee or the continued employment of any employee. As a part of the program, employers and
             662      management in general shall submit to the testing themselves on a periodic basis. The program
             663      shall implement testing standards and procedures established under Subsection (2)(b).
             664          (b) The executive director of the Department of Environmental Quality, in consultation
             665      with the Labor Commission under Section 34A-1-103 , shall by rule establish standards for timing
             666      of testing and dosage for impairment for the drug and alcohol testing program under this
             667      Subsection (2). The standards shall address the protection of the safety, health, and welfare of the
             668      public.
             669          Section 16. Section 73-4-1 is amended to read:
             670           73-4-1. By engineer on petition of users.
             671          (1) Upon a verified petition to the state engineer, signed by five or more or a majority of
             672      water users upon any stream or water source, requesting the investigation of the relative rights of
             673      the various claimants to the waters of such stream or water source, it shall be the duty of the state
             674      engineer, if upon such investigation he finds the facts and conditions are such as to justify a
             675      determination of said rights, to file in the district court an action to determine the various rights.
             676      In any suit involving water rights the court may order an investigation and survey by the state


             677      engineer of all the water rights on the source or system involved.
             678          (2) (a) As used in this section, "executive director" means the executive director of the
             679      Department of Environmental Quality.
             680          (b) The executive director, with the concurrence of the governor, may request that the state
             681      engineer file in the district court an action to determine the various water rights in the stream,
             682      water source, or basin for an area within the exterior boundaries of the state for which any person
             683      or organization or the federal government is actively pursuing or processing a license application
             684      for a storage facility or transfer facility for high-level nuclear waste or greater than class C
             685      radioactive waste.
             686          (c) Upon receipt of a request made under Subsection (2)(b), the state engineer shall file
             687      the action in the district court.
             688          (d) If a general adjudication has been filed in the state district court regarding the area
             689      requested pursuant to Subsection (2)(b), the state engineer and the state attorney general shall join
             690      the United States as a party to the action.
             691          Section 17. Effective date.
             692          If approved by two-thirds of all the members elected to each house, this act takes effect
             693      upon approval by the governor, or the day following the constitutional time limit of Utah
             694      Constitution Article VII, Section 8, without the governor's signature, or in the case of a veto, the
             695      date of veto override.
             696          Section 18. Coordination clause.
             697          It is the intent of the Legislature that in preparing the Utah Code database for publication,
             698      the Office of Legislative Research and General Counsel is directed to replace the language, "the
             699      effective date of this act," in Section 19-3-301 with the actual effective date of this act.


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