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6 This act modifies Title 35A, Chapter 4, Employment Security Act, by making certain
7 technical corrections and moving the criminal penalties provisions for violating the act from
8 Title 35A, Chapter 4, to Title 76, Chapter 8, Offenses Against the Administration of
9 Government, in the Utah Criminal Code.
10 This act affects sections of Utah Code Annotated 1953 as follows:
12 35A-4-305, as last amended by Chapter 144, Laws of Utah 2001
13 35A-4-312, as last amended by Chapter 144, Laws of Utah 2001
15 76-8-1301, Utah Code Annotated 1953
17 35A-4-104, as last amended by Chapter 241, Laws of Utah 1998
18 Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
19 Section 1. Section 35A-4-305 is amended to read:
20 35A-4-305. Collection of contributions -- Unpaid contributions to bear interest.
21 (1) (a) Contributions unpaid on the date on which they are due and payable, as prescribed
22 by the division, shall bear interest at the rate of 1% per month from and after that date until
23 payment plus accrued interest is received by the division.
24 (b) (i) Contribution reports not made and filed by the date on which they are due as
25 prescribed by the division shall be subject to a penalty to be assessed and collected in the same
26 manner as contributions due under this section equal to 5% of the contribution due if the failure
27 to file on time was not more than 15 days, with an additional 5% for each additional 15 days or
28 fraction thereof during which the failure continued, but not to exceed 25% in the aggregate and not
29 less than $25 with respect to each reporting period.
30 (ii) If a report is filed after [
31 the division or its authorized representative that the failure to file was due to a reasonable cause
32 and not to willful neglect, no addition shall be made to the contribution.
33 (c) (i) If contributions are unpaid after ten days from the date of the mailing or personal
34 delivery by the division or its authorized representative, of a written demand for payment, there
35 shall attach to the contribution, to be assessed and collected in the same manner as contributions
36 due under this section, a penalty equal to 5% of the contribution due.
37 (ii) A penalty may not attach if within ten days after the mailing or personal delivery,
38 arrangements for payment have been made with the division, or its authorized representative, and
39 payment is made in accordance with those arrangements.
40 (d) The division shall assess as a penalty a service charge, in addition to any other penalties
41 that may apply, in an amount not to exceed the service charge imposed by Section 7-15-1 for
42 dishonored instruments if:
43 (i) any amount due the division for contributions, interest, other penalties or benefit
44 overpayments is paid by check, draft, order, or other instrument; and
45 (ii) the instrument is dishonored or not paid by the institution against which it is drawn.
46 (e) Except for benefit overpayments under Subsection 35A-4-405 (5), benefit overpayments,
47 contributions, interest, penalties, and assessed costs, uncollected three years after they become due,
48 may be charged as uncollectable and removed from the records of the division if:
49 (i) no assets belonging to the liable person and subject to attachment can be found; and
50 (ii) in the opinion of the division there is no likelihood of collection at a future date.
51 (f) Interest and penalties collected in accordance with this section shall be paid into the
52 Special Administrative Expense Fund.
53 (g) Action required for the collection of sums due under this chapter is subject to the
54 applicable limitations of actions under Title 78, Chapter 12, Limitation of Actions.
55 (2) (a) If an employer fails to file a report when prescribed by the division for the purpose
56 of determining the amount of the employer's contribution due under this chapter, or if the report
57 when filed is incorrect or insufficient or is not satisfactory to the division, the division may
58 determine the amount of wages paid for employment during the period or periods with respect to
59 which the reports were or should have been made and the amount of contribution due from the
60 employer on the basis of [
61 (b) The division shall give written notice of the determination to the employer.
62 (c) The determination is considered correct unless:
63 (i) the employer, within ten days after mailing or personal delivery of notice of the
64 determination, applies to the division for a review of the determination as provided in Section
65 35A-4-508 ; or
66 (ii) unless the division or its authorized representative of its own motion reviews the
68 (d) The amount of contribution so determined shall be subject to penalties and interest as
69 provided in Subsection (1).
70 (3) (a) If, after due notice, [
71 contributions, interest, or penalties on the contributions, or [
72 repayment of benefit overpayments and penalties on the overpayments, the amount due shall be
73 collectible by civil action in the name of the division, and the employer adjudged in default shall
74 pay the costs of the action.
75 (b) Civil actions brought under this section to collect contributions, interest or penalties
76 from an employer, or benefit overpayments and penalties from a claimant shall be:
77 (i) heard by the court at the earliest possible date; and
78 (ii) entitled to preference upon the calendar of the court over all other civil actions except:
79 (A) petitions for judicial review under this chapter; and
80 (B) cases arising under the workers' compensation law of this state.
81 (c) (i) (A) To collect contributions, interest or penalties, or benefit overpayments and
82 penalties due from employers or claimants located outside Utah, the division may employ private
83 collectors providing debt collection services outside Utah.
84 (B) Accounts may be placed with private collectors only after the employer or claimant
85 has been given a final notice that the division intends to place the account with a private collector
86 for further collection action.
87 (C) The notice shall advise the employer or claimant of the employer's or claimant's rights
88 under this chapter and the applicable rules [
89 (ii) (A) A private collector may receive as compensation up to[
90 of the lesser of the amount collected or the amount due, plus the costs and fees of any civil action
91 or postjudgment remedy instituted by the private collector with the approval of the division.
92 (B) The employer or claimant shall be liable to pay the compensation of the collector,
93 costs, and fees in addition to the original amount due.
94 (iii) A private collector is subject to the federal Fair Debt Collection Practices Act, 15
95 U.S.C. Sec. 1692 et seq.
96 (iv) (A) A civil action may not be maintained by any private collector without specific
97 prior written approval of the division.
98 (B) When division approval is given for civil action against an employer or claimant, the
99 division may cooperate with the private collector to the extent necessary to effect the civil action.
100 (d) (i) Notwithstanding Section 35A-4-312 , the division may disclose the contribution,
101 interest, penalties or benefit overpayments and penalties, costs due, the name of the employer or
102 claimant, and the employer's or claimant's address and telephone number when any collection
103 matter is referred to a private collector under Subsection (3)(c).
104 (ii) A private collector is subject to the confidentiality requirements and penalty provisions
105 provided in Section 35A-4-312 and Subsection [
106 disclosure is necessary in any civil action to enforce collection of the amounts due.
107 (e) An action taken by the division under this section may not be construed to be an
108 election to forego other collection procedures by the division.
109 (4) (a) In the event of [
110 a court under the laws of Utah, including [
111 adjudicated insolvency, composition, or similar proceedings, contributions then or thereafter due
112 shall be paid in full prior to all other claims except taxes and claims for wages of not more than
113 $400 to each claimant, earned within five months of the commencement of the proceeding.
114 (b) If an employer commences a proceeding in the Federal Bankruptcy Court under [
115 a chapter of the Bankruptcy Reform Act of 1978, 11 U.S.C. 101 et seq., as amended, contributions,
116 interest, and penalties then or thereafter due shall be entitled to the priority provided for taxes,
117 interest, and penalties in the Bankruptcy Reform Act of 1978.
118 (5) (a) In addition and as an alternative to any other remedy provided by this chapter and
119 provided that no appeal or other proceeding for review provided by this chapter is then pending
120 and the time for taking it has expired, the division may issue a warrant in duplicate, under its
121 official seal, directed to the sheriff of any county of the state, commanding the sheriff to levy upon
122 and sell the real and personal property of a delinquent employer or claimant found within the
123 sheriff's county for the payment of the contributions due thereon, with the added penalties, interest,
124 or benefit overpayment and penalties, and costs, and to return the warrant to the division and pay
125 into the fund the money collected by virtue of the warrant by a time to be [
126 warrant, not more than 60 days from the date of the warrant.
127 (b) (i) Immediately upon receipt of the warrant in duplicate, the sheriff shall file the
128 duplicate with the clerk of the district court in the sheriff's county.
129 (ii) The clerk shall enter in the judgment docket, in the column for judgment debtors, the
130 name of the delinquent employer or claimant mentioned in the warrant, and in appropriate columns
131 the amount of the contribution, penalties, interest, or benefit overpayment and penalties, and costs,
132 for which the warrant is issued and the date when the duplicate is filed.
133 (c) The amount of the docketed warrant [
134 (i) have the force and effect of an execution against all personal property of the delinquent
135 employer; and
136 (ii) become a lien upon the real property of the delinquent employer or claimant in the
137 same manner and to the same extent as a judgment duly rendered by [
138 docketed in the office of the clerk.
139 (d) After docketing, the sheriff shall:
140 (i) proceed in the same manner as is prescribed by law with respect to execution issued
141 against property upon judgments of a court of record; and
142 (ii) be entitled to the same fees for the sheriff's services in executing the warrant, to be
143 collected in the same manner.
144 (6) (a) Contributions imposed by this chapter are a lien upon the property of [
145 employer liable for the contribution required to be collected under this section who shall sell out
146 the employer's business or stock of goods or shall quit business, if the employer fails to make a
147 final report and payment on the date subsequent to the date of selling or quitting business on which
148 they are due and payable as prescribed by rule.
149 (b) (i) An employer's successor, successors, or assigns, if any, [
150 withhold sufficient of the purchase money to cover the amount of the contributions and interest
151 or penalties due and payable until [
152 receipt from the division showing that they have been paid or a certificate stating that no amount
153 is due.
154 (ii) If the purchaser of a business or stock of goods fails to withhold sufficient purchase
155 money, the purchaser shall be personally liable for the payment of the amount of the contributions
156 required to be paid by the former owner, interest and penalties accrued and unpaid by the former
157 owner, owners, or assignors.
158 (7) (a) If [
159 division may give notice of the amount of the delinquency by registered mail to all persons having
160 in their possession or under their control, any credits or other personal property belonging to the
161 employer, or owing any debts to the employer at the time of the receipt by them of the notice.
162 (b) [
163 any other disposition of the credits, other personal property, or debts until:
164 (i) the division has consented to a transfer or disposition; or
165 (ii) 20 days after the receipt of the notice.
166 (c) All persons notified under Subsection (7)(a) shall, within five days after receipt of the
167 notice, advise the division of credits, other personal property, or other debts in their possession,
168 under their control or owing by them, as the case may be.
169 (8) (a) (i) Each employer shall furnish the division necessary information for the proper
170 administration of this chapter and shall include wage information for each employee, for each
171 calendar quarter [
172 (ii) The information shall be furnished at a time, in the form, and to those individuals as
173 the department may by rule require.
174 (b) (i) Each employer shall furnish each individual worker who is separated that
175 information as the department may by rule require, and shall furnish within 48 hours of the receipt
176 of a request from the division a report of the earnings of any individual during the individual's
178 (ii) The report shall be on a form prescribed by the division and contain all information
179 prescribed by the division.
180 (c) For each failure by an employer to conform to this Subsection (8) the division shall,
181 unless good cause is shown to the satisfaction of the division for the failure, assess a $50 penalty
182 to be collected in the same manner as contributions due under this chapter.
183 (d) The division shall prescribe rules providing standards for determining which
184 contribution reports must be filed on magnetic media or in other machine-readable form. In
185 prescribing these rules, the division:
186 (i) shall not require any employer to file contribution reports on magnetic media unless that
187 employer is required to file wage data on at least 250 employees during any calender quarter;
188 (ii) shall take into account, among other relevant factors, the ability of the employer to
189 comply at reasonable cost with the requirements of the rules; and
190 (iii) may require an employer to post a bond for failure to comply with the rules required
191 by this Subsection (8)(d).
192 (9) If [
193 this chapter neglects or refuses to pay [
194 interest, additional amount, addition to contributions, or assessable penalty, together with any
195 additional accruable costs, shall be a lien in favor of the division upon all property and rights to
196 property, whether real or personal belonging to the person.
197 (10) (a) The lien imposed by Subsection (9) arises at the time the assessment, as defined
198 in the department rules, is made and continues until the liability for the amount [
199 a judgment against the taxpayer arising out of the liability, is satisfied.
200 (b) The lien imposed by Subsection (9) is not valid as against any purchaser, holder of a
201 security interest, mechanics' lien holder, or judgment lien creditor until a warrant which meets the
202 requirements of Subsection (5) has been filed with the clerk of the district court. For the purposes
203 of Subsection (10)(b):
204 (i) "Judgment lien creditor" means a person who obtains a valid judgment of a court of
205 record for recovery of specific property or a sum certain of money, and who in the case of a
206 recovery of money, has a perfected lien under the judgment on the property involved. A judgment
207 lien does not include inchoate liens such as attachment or garnishment liens until they ripen into
208 a judgment. A judgment lien does not include the determination or assessment of a quasi-judicial
209 authority, such as a state or federal taxing authority.
210 (ii) "Mechanics' lien holder" means any person who has a lien on real property, or on the
211 proceeds of a contract relating to real property, for services, labor, or materials furnished in
212 connection with the construction or improvement of the property. A person has a lien on the
213 earliest date the lien becomes valid against subsequent purchasers without actual notice, but not
214 before the person begins to furnish the services, labor, or materials.
215 (iii) "Person" means:
216 (A) an individual;
217 (B) a trust;
218 (C) an estate;
219 (D) a partnership;
220 (E) an association;
221 (F) a company;
222 (G) a limited liability company;
223 (H) a limited liability partnership; or
224 (I) a corporation.
225 (iv) "Purchaser" means a person who, for adequate and full consideration in money or
226 money's worth, acquires an interest, other than a lien or security interest, in property which is valid
227 under state law against subsequent purchasers without actual notice.
228 (v) "Security interest" means any interest in property acquired by contract for the purpose
229 of securing payment or performance of an obligation or indemnifying against loss or liability. A
230 security interest exists at any time:
231 (A) the property is in existence and the interest has become protected under the law against
232 a subsequent judgment lien arising out of an unsecured obligation; and
233 (B) to the extent that, at that time, the holder has parted with money or money's worth.
234 Section 2. Section 35A-4-312 is amended to read:
235 35A-4-312. Records.
236 (1) (a) Each employing unit shall keep true and accurate work records containing any
237 information the department may prescribe by rule.
238 (b) The records shall be open to inspection and subject to being copied by the division or
239 its authorized representatives at [
240 (c) The employing unit shall make the records available in the state for three years after
241 the calendar year in which the services were rendered.
242 (2) The division may require from [
243 with respect to persons employed by it that the division considers necessary for the effective
244 administration of this chapter.
245 (3) Except as provided in this section or in Sections 35A-4-103 and 35A-4-106 ,
246 information obtained under this chapter or obtained from [
247 or open to public inspection in any manner revealing the employing unit's or individual's identity.
248 (4) (a) The information obtained by the division [
249 be used in [
250 (i) in an action or proceeding arising out of this chapter;
251 (ii) in an action or proceeding by the Labor Commission to enforce the provisions of Title
252 34A, Utah Labor Code, or Chapters [
253 the Labor Commission enters into a written agreement with the division [
254 Subsection (6)(b); or
255 (iii) [
256 63-2-202 (7) and Section 63-2-207 of the Government Records Access and Management Act.
257 (b) The information obtained by the division [
258 disclosed to:
259 (i) a party to an unemployment insurance hearing before an administrative law judge of
260 the department or a review by the Workforce Appeals Board to the extent necessary for the proper
261 presentation of the party's case; or
262 (ii) an employer, upon request in writing for any information concerning claims for benefits
263 with respect to the employer's former employees.
264 (5) The information obtained by the division [
265 disclosed to:
266 (a) an employee of the department in the performance of the employee's duties in
267 administering this chapter or other programs of the department;
268 (b) an employee of the Labor Commission for the purpose of carrying out the programs
269 administered by the Labor Commission;
270 (c) an employee of the governor's office and other state governmental agencies
271 administratively responsible for statewide economic development, to the extent necessary for
272 economic development policy analysis and formulation;
273 (d) an employee of other governmental agencies that are specifically identified and
274 authorized by federal or state law to receive the information for the purposes stated in the law
275 authorizing the employee of the agency to receive the information;
276 (e) an employee of a governmental agency or workers' compensation insurer to the extent
277 the information will aid in the detection or avoidance of duplicate, inconsistent, or fraudulent
278 claims against a workers' compensation program, public assistance funds, or the recovery of
279 overpayments of workers' compensation or public assistance funds;
280 (f) an employee of a law enforcement agency to the extent the disclosure is necessary to
281 avoid a significant risk to public safety or in aid of a felony criminal investigation;
282 (g) an employee of the State Tax Commission or the Internal Revenue Service for the
283 purposes of audit verification or simplification, state or federal tax compliance, verification of
284 Standard Industry Codes, and statistics;
285 (h) an employee or contractor of the department or an educational institution, or other
286 governmental entity engaged in workforce investment and development activities [
287 under the Workforce Investment Act of 1998 for the purpose of coordinating services with the
288 department, evaluating the effectiveness of those activities, and measuring performance;
289 (i) an employee of the Department of Community and Economic Development, for the
290 purpose of periodically publishing in the Directory of Business and Industry, the name, address,
291 telephone number, number of employees by range, Standard Industrial Code, and type of
292 ownership of Utah employers;
293 (j) the public for any purpose following a written waiver by all interested parties of their
294 rights to nondisclosure; or
295 (k) an individual whose wage data has been submitted to the department by an employer,
296 so long as no information other than the individual's wage data and the identity of the party who
297 submitted the information is provided to the individual.
298 (6) Disclosure of private information [
299 Subsection (5), with the exception of Subsections (5) (a) and (f), shall be made only if:
300 (a) the division determines that the disclosure will not have a negative effect on the
301 willingness of employers to report wage and employment information or on the willingness of
302 individuals to file claims for unemployment benefits; and
303 (b) the agency enters into a written agreement with the division in accordance with rules
304 made by the department.
305 (7) (a) The employees of a division of the department other than the Division of Workforce
306 Information and Payment Services or an agency receiving private information from the division
307 under this chapter are subject to the same requirements of privacy and confidentiality and to the
308 same penalties for misuse or improper disclosure of the information as employees of the division.
309 (b) Use of private information obtained from the department by a person, or for a purpose
310 other than one authorized in Subsection (4) or (5) violates Subsection [
311 Section 3. Section 76-8-1301 is enacted to read:
313 76-8-1301. False statements regarding unemployment compensation -- Penalties.
314 (1) (a) A person who makes a false statement or representation knowing it to be false or
315 knowingly fails to disclose a material fact, to obtain or increase a benefit or other payment under
316 Title 35A, Chapter 4, Employment Security h ACT h , or under the Unemployment Compensation
316a Law of
317 any state or of the federal government for any person is guilty of unemployment insurance fraud.
318 (b) A violation of Subsection (1)(a) is:
319 (i) a class B misdemeanor when the value of the money obtained or sought to be obtained
320 is less than $300;
321 (ii) a class A misdemeanor when the value of the money obtained or sought to be obtained
322 is or exceeds $300 but is less than $1,000;
323 (iii) a third degree felony when the value of the money obtained or sought to be obtained
324 is or exceeds $1,000 but is less than $5,000; or
325 (iv) a second degree felony when the value of the money obtained or sought to be obtained
326 is or exceeds $5,000.
327 (c) The determination of the degree of an offense under Subsection (1)(b) shall be
328 measured by the total value of all money obtained or sought to be obtained by the unlawful
330 (2) (a) An officer or agent of an employing unit as defined in Section 35A-4-202 or any
331 other person who makes a false statement or representation knowing it to be false, or who
332 knowingly fails to disclose a material fact, to prevent or reduce the payment of unemployment
333 compensation benefits to an individual entitled to those benefits, or to avoid becoming or
334 remaining a subject employer or to avoid or reduce any contribution or other payment required
335 from an employing unit under Title 35A, Chapter 4, Employment Security h ACT h , or under the
336 Unemployment Compensation Law of any state or of the federal government, or who willfully fails
337 or refuses to make a contribution or other payment or to furnish any report required in Title35A,
338 Chapter 4, Employment Security h ACT h , or to produce or permit the inspection or copying of
338a records as
339 required under that chapter is guilty of unemployment insurance fraud.
340 (b) A violation of Subsection (2)(a) is:
341 (i) a class B misdemeanor when the value of the money obtained or sought to be obtained
342 is less than $300;
343 (ii) a class A misdemeanor when the value of the money obtained or sought to be obtained
344 is or exceeds $300 but is less than $1,000;
345 (iii) a third degree felony when the value of the money obtained or sought to be obtained
346 is or exceeds $1,000 but is less than $5,000; or
347 (iv) a second degree felony when the value of the money obtained or sought to be obtained
348 is or exceeds $5,000.
349 (3) (a) A person who willfully violates any provision of Title 35A, Chapter 4, Employment
350 Security h ACT h , or any order or rule made under that chapter, the violation of which is made
350a unlawful or
351 the observance of which is required under the terms of that chapter, and for which a penalty is
352 neither prescribed in that chapter nor provided by any other applicable statute is guilty of a class
353 A misdemeanor.
354 (b) Each day a violation of Subsection (3)(a) continues shall be a separate offense.
355 (4) A person is guilty of a class A misdemeanor if:
356 (a) as an employee of the Department of Workforce Services, in willful violation of
357 Section 35A-4-312 , the employee makes a disclosure of information obtained from an employing
358 unit or individual in the administration of Title 35A, Chapter 4, Employment Security h ACT h ; or
359 (b) the person has obtained a list of applicants for work or of claimants or recipients of
360 benefits under Title 35A, Chapter 4, Employment Security h ACT h , and uses or permits the use of
360a the list
361 for any political purpose.
362 Section 4. Repealer.
363 This act repeals:
364 Section 35A-4-104, Violations of chapter -- Penalties.
Legislative Review Note
as of 12-17-01 9:38 AM
A limited legal review of this legislation raises no obvious constitutional or statutory concerns.