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First Substitute S.B. 48
6 LONG TITLE
7 General Description:
8 This bill modifies the State Affairs in General title in recognizing the need to provide
9 uniform civil and criminal firearm laws throughout the state.
10 Highlighted Provisions:
11 This bill:
12 . reflects current provisions in the Criminal Code that recognize the reservation of
13 authority with the state to regulate firearms; and
14 . provides, in conjunction with current state criminal law, that a local authority or
15 entity may not enact, establish, or enforce any ordinance, regulation, rule, or policy
16 pertaining to firearms that inhibits or restricts the possession or use of firearms on
17 either public or private property, unless specifically authorized by the Legislature by
19 Monies Appropriated in this Bill:
21 Other Special Clauses:
23 Utah Code Sections Affected:
25 63-98-101, Utah Code Annotated 1953
26 63-98-102, Utah Code Annotated 1953
28 Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
29 Section 1. Section 63-98-101 is enacted to read:
31 63-98-101. Title.
32 This chapter is known as "Firearm Laws."
33 Section 2. Section 63-98-102 is enacted to read:
34 63-98-102. Uniform firearm laws.
35 (1) The individual right to keep and bear arms being a constitutionally protected right
36 under Article I, Section 6 of the Utah Constitution, the Legislature finds the need to provide
37 uniform civil and criminal firearm laws throughout the state.
38 (2) Except as specifically provided by state law, a local authority or state entity may
40 (a) prohibit an individual from owning, possessing, purchasing, selling, transferring,
41 transporting, or keeping a firearm at the individual's place of residence, property, business, or
42 in any vehicle lawfully in the individual's possession or lawfully under the individual's control;
44 (b) require an individual to have a permit or license to purchase, own, possess,
45 transport, or keep a firearm.
46 (3) In conjunction with Title 76, Chapter 10, Part 5, Weapons, this section is uniformly
47 applicable throughout this state and in all its political subdivisions and municipalities.
48 (4) All authority to regulate firearms is reserved to the state except where the
49 Legislature specifically delegates responsibility to local authorities or state entities.
50 (5) Unless specifically authorized by the Legislature by statute, a local authority or
51 state entity may not enact, establish, or enforce any ordinance, regulation, rule, or policy
52 pertaining to firearms that in any way inhibits or restricts the possession or use of firearms on
53 either public or private property.
54 (6) As used in this section:
55 (a) "firearm" has the same meaning as defined in Subsection 76-10-501 (9); and
56 (b) "local authority or state entity" includes public school districts, public schools, and
57 state institutions of higher education.
58 (7) Nothing in this section restricts or expands private property rights.
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