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H.B. 5

             1     

INTERNET SEXUAL PREDATOR PENALTIES

             2     
2007 GENERAL SESSION

             3     
STATE OF UTAH

             4     
Chief Sponsor: Paul Ray

             5     
Senate Sponsor: Darin G. Peterson

             6     
             7      LONG TITLE
             8      General Description:
             9          This bill amends the Criminal Code by amending the penalties for enticing a minor over
             10      the Internet in order to commit a sexual offense.
             11      Highlighted Provisions:
             12          This bill:
             13          .    amends the penalty for enticing a minor to commit a first degree felony sexual
             14      offense, so that the enticement offense is a first degree felony with a specified
             15      penalty; and
             16          .    provides that if a defendant commits the offense of enticing a minor to commit any
             17      felony sexual offense, and the defendant has previously committed a sexual offense
             18      or kidnapping against a minor, the court may not shorten the prison sentence.
             19      Monies Appropriated in this Bill:
             20          None
             21      Other Special Clauses:
             22          None
             23      Utah Code Sections Affected:
             24      AMENDS:
             25          76-4-401, as last amended by Chapter 164, Laws of Utah 2003
             26          77-27-21.5, as last amended by Chapters 189, 269 and 334, Laws of Utah 2006
             27     



             28      Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
             29          Section 1. Section 76-4-401 is amended to read:
             30           76-4-401. Enticing a minor over the Internet -- Elements -- Penalties.
             31          (1) A person commits enticement of a minor over the Internet when the person
             32      knowingly uses a computer to solicit, seduce, lure, or entice, or attempts to use a computer to
             33      solicit, seduce, lure, or entice a minor or a person the defendant believes to be a minor to
             34      engage in any sexual activity which is a violation of state criminal law.
             35          (2) It is not a defense to the crime of enticing a minor under Subsection (1), or an
             36      attempt to commit this offense, that a law enforcement officer or an undercover operative who
             37      is working with a law enforcement agency was involved in the detection or investigation of the
             38      offense.
             39          (3) An enticement of a minor under Subsection (1) with the intent to commit:
             40          (a) a first degree felony is a [second degree felony] first degree felony punishable by
             41      imprisonment for an indeterminate term of not fewer than three years and which may be for
             42      life;
             43          (b) a second degree felony is a third degree felony;
             44          (c) a third degree felony is a class A misdemeanor;
             45          (d) a class A misdemeanor is a class B misdemeanor; and
             46          (e) a class B misdemeanor is a class C misdemeanor.
             47          (4) (a) When a person who commits a felony violation of this section has been
             48      previously convicted of an offense under Subsection (4)(b), the court may not in any way
             49      shorten the prison sentence. The court may not:
             50          (i) grant probation;
             51          (ii) suspend the execution or imposition of the sentence;
             52          (iii) enter a judgment for a lower category of offense; or
             53          (iv) order hospitalization.
             54          (b) The sections referred to in Subsection (4)(a) are:
             55          (i) Section 76-4-401 , enticing a minor over the Internet;
             56          (ii) Section 76-5-301.1 , child kidnapping;
             57          (iii) Section 76-5-402 , rape;
             58          (iv) Section 76-5-402.1 , rape of a child;


             59          (v) Section 76-5-402.2 , object rape;
             60          (vi) Section 76-5-402.3 , object rape of a child;
             61          (vii) Subsection 76-5-403 (2), forcible sodomy;
             62          (viii) Section 76-5-403.1 , sodomy on a child;
             63          (ix) Section 76-5-404 , forcible sexual abuse;
             64          (x) Section 76-5-404.1 , sexual abuse of a child and aggravated sexual abuse of a child;
             65          (xi) Section 76-5-405 , aggravated sexual assault;
             66          (xii) any offense in any other state or federal jurisdiction which constitutes or would
             67      constitute a crime in Subsections (4)(b)(i) through (xi); or
             68          (xiii) the attempt to commit any of the offenses in Subsections (4)(b)(i) through (xii).
             69          Section 2. Section 77-27-21.5 is amended to read:
             70           77-27-21.5. Sex offender registration -- Information system -- Law enforcement
             71      and courts to report -- Registration -- Penalty -- Effect of expungement.
             72          (1) As used in this section:
             73          (a) "Department" means the Department of Corrections.
             74          (b) "Division" means the Division of Juvenile Justice Services.
             75          (c) "Employed" or "carries on a vocation" includes employment that is full time or part
             76      time, whether financially compensated, volunteered, or for the purpose of government or
             77      educational benefit.
             78          (d) "Notification" means a person's acquisition of information from the department
             79      about a sex offender, including his place of habitation, physical description, and other
             80      information as provided in Subsections (12) and (13).
             81          (e) "Register" means to comply with the rules of the department made under this
             82      section.
             83          (f) "Sex offender" means any person:
             84          (i) convicted by this state of:
             85          (A) a felony or class A misdemeanor violation of Section 76-4-401 , enticing a minor
             86      over the Internet;
             87          (B) Section 76-5-301.1 , kidnapping of a child;
             88          (C) a felony violation of Section 76-5-401 , unlawful sexual activity with a minor;
             89          (D) Section 76-5-401.1 , sexual abuse of a minor;


             90          (E) Section 76-5-401.2 , unlawful sexual conduct with a 16 or 17 year old;
             91          (F) Section 76-5-402 , rape;
             92          (G) Section 76-5-402.1 , rape of a child;
             93          (H) Section 76-5-402.2 , object rape;
             94          (I) Section 76-5-402.3 , object rape of a child;
             95          (J) a felony violation of Section 76-5-403 , forcible sodomy;
             96          (K) Section 76-5-403.1 , sodomy on a child;
             97          (L) Section 76-5-404 , forcible sexual abuse;
             98          (M) Section 76-5-404.1 , sexual abuse of a child or aggravated sexual abuse of a child;
             99          (N) Section 76-5-405 , aggravated sexual assault;
             100          (O) Section 76-5a-3 , sexual exploitation of a minor;
             101          (P) Section 76-7-102 , incest;
             102          (Q) Section 76-9-702.5 , lewdness involving a child;
             103          (R) Section 76-10-1306 , aggravated exploitation of prostitution; or
             104          (S) attempting, soliciting, or conspiring to commit any felony offense listed in
             105      Subsection (1)(f)(i);
             106          (ii) who has been convicted of any crime, or an attempt, solicitation, or conspiracy to
             107      commit a crime in another state or by the United States government that is substantially
             108      equivalent to the offenses listed in Subsection (1)(f)(i) and who is:
             109          (A) a Utah resident; or
             110          (B) not a Utah resident, but who is in the state for ten days, regardless of whether or
             111      not the offender intends to permanently reside in this state;
             112          (iii) who is required to register as a sex offender in any other state or United States
             113      territory, is not a Utah resident, but who is in the state for ten days, regardless of whether or not
             114      the offender intends to permanently reside in this state;
             115          (iv) who is a nonresident regularly employed, working, or a student in this state and
             116      was convicted of one or more offenses listed in Subsection (1)(f)(i), or any substantially
             117      equivalent offense in another state or by the United States government, and as a result of the
             118      conviction, is required to register in the person's state of residence;
             119          (v) who is found not guilty by reason of insanity in this state, any other state, or by the
             120      United States government of one or more offenses listed in Subsection (1)(f)(i); or


             121          (vi) who is adjudicated delinquent based on one or more offenses listed in Subsection
             122      (1)(f)(i) and who has been committed to the division for secure confinement and remains in the
             123      division's custody 30 days prior to the person's 21st birthday.
             124          (2) The department, to assist in investigating sex-related crimes and in apprehending
             125      offenders, shall:
             126          (a) develop and operate a system to collect, analyze, maintain, and disseminate
             127      information on sex offenders and sex offenses; and
             128          (b) make information collected and developed under this section available to the
             129      public.
             130          (3) Any law enforcement agency shall, in the manner prescribed by the department,
             131      inform the department of:
             132          (a) the receipt of a report or complaint of an offense listed in Subsection (1)(f), within
             133      three working days; and
             134          (b) the arrest of a person suspected of any of the offenses listed in Subsection (1)(f),
             135      within five working days.
             136          (4) Upon convicting a person of any of the offenses listed in Subsection (1)(f), the
             137      convicting court shall within three working days forward a copy of the judgment and sentence
             138      to the department.
             139          (5) A sex offender in the custody of the department shall be registered by agents of the
             140      department upon:
             141          (a) being placed on probation;
             142          (b) commitment to a secure correctional facility operated by or under contract to the
             143      department;
             144          (c) release from confinement to parole status, termination or expiration of sentence, or
             145      escape;
             146          (d) entrance to and release from any community-based residential program operated by
             147      or under contract to the department; or
             148          (e) termination of probation or parole.
             149          (6) A sex offender not in the custody of the department and who is confined in a
             150      correctional facility not operated by or under contract to the department shall be registered with
             151      the department by the sheriff of the county in which the offender is confined upon:


             152          (a) commitment to the correctional facility; and
             153          (b) release from confinement.
             154          (7) A sex offender in the custody of the division shall be registered with the department
             155      by the division prior to release from custody.
             156          (8) A sex offender committed to a state mental hospital shall be registered with the
             157      department by the hospital upon admission and upon discharge.
             158          (9) A sex offender convicted by any other state or by the United States government is
             159      required to register under Subsection (1)(f)(ii) and shall register with the department within ten
             160      days of entering the state, regardless of the length of stay.
             161          (10) (a) Except as provided in Subsections (10)(b), (c), and (d), a sex offender shall, for
             162      the duration of the sentence and for ten years after termination of sentence or custody of the
             163      division, register annually during the month of the offender's birth and again within five days of
             164      every change of his place of habitation, vehicle information, or educational information
             165      required to be submitted under Subsection (12).
             166          (b) Except as provided Subsections (10)(c) and (d), a sex offender who is convicted of
             167      an offense listed in Subsection (1)(f)(i) by another state shall register for the time period
             168      required by the state where the offender was convicted if the state's registration period for the
             169      offense that the offender was convicted of is in excess of the ten years from completion of the
             170      sentence registration period that is required under Subsection (10)(a).
             171          (c) (i) A sex offender convicted as an adult of any of the offenses listed in Subsection
             172      (10)(c)(ii) shall, for the offender's lifetime, register annually during the month of the offender's
             173      birth and again within five days of every change of the offender's place of habitation, vehicle
             174      information, or educational information required to be submitted under Subsection (12). This
             175      registration requirement is not subject to exemptions and may not be terminated or altered
             176      during the offender's lifetime.
             177          (ii) Offenses referred to in Subsection (10)(c)(i) are:
             178          (A) any offense listed in Subsection (1)(f) if, at the time of the conviction, the offender
             179      has previously been convicted of an offense listed in Subsection (1)(f) or has previously been
             180      required to register as a sex offender for an offense committed as a juvenile;
             181          [(B) Section 76-5-402.1 , rape of a child;]
             182          [(C) Section 76-5-402.3 , object rape of a child;]


             183          (B) Section 76-5-301.1 , child kidnapping;
             184          (C) Section 76-5-402 , rape;
             185          (D) Section 76-5-402.1 , rape of a child;
             186          (E) Section 76-5-402.2 , object rape;
             187          (F) Section 76-5-402.3 , object rape of a child;
             188          [(D)] (G) Section 76-5-403 , forcible sodomy;
             189          [(E)] (H) Section 76-5-403.1 , sodomy on a child;
             190          [(F) Section 76-5-405 , aggravated sexual assault;]
             191          [(G) Section 76-5-301.1 , child kidnapping;]
             192          [(H)] (I) Section 76-5-404.1 , sexual abuse of a child;
             193          [(I)] (J) Subsection 76-5-404.1 (4), aggravated sexual abuse of a child;
             194          [(J) Section 76-5a-3 , sexual exploitation of a minor;]
             195          (K) Section 76-5-405 , aggravated sexual assault;
             196          (L) Section 76-5a-3 , sexual exploitation of a minor; or
             197          [(K)] (M) Section 76-7-102 , incest[;].
             198          [(L) Section 76-5-402 , rape; or]
             199          [(M) Section 76-5-402.2 , object rape.]
             200          (d) Notwithstanding Subsections (10)(a), (b), and (c), a sex offender who is confined in
             201      a secure facility or in a state mental hospital is not required to register annually.
             202          (e) A sex offender that is required to register annually under this Subsection (10) shall
             203      surrender the sex offender's license certificate or identification card as required under
             204      Subsection 53-3-216 (3) or 53-3-807 (4) and may apply for a license certificate or identification
             205      card as provided under Section 53-3-205 or 53-3-804 .
             206          (11) An agency in the state that registers a sex offender on probation, a sex offender
             207      who has been released from confinement to parole status or termination, or a sex offender
             208      whose sentence has expired shall inform the offender of the duty to comply with:
             209          (a) the continuing registration requirements of this section during the period of
             210      registration required in Subsection (10), including:
             211          (i) notification to the state agencies in the states where the registrant presently resides
             212      and plans to reside when moving across state lines;
             213          (ii) verification of address at least every 60 days pursuant to a parole agreement for


             214      lifetime parolees; and
             215          (iii) notification to the out-of-state agency where the offender is living, whether or not
             216      the offender is a resident of that state; and
             217          (b) the driver license certificate or identification card surrender requirement under
             218      Subsection 53-3-216 (3) or 53-3-807 (4) and application provisions under Section 53-3-205 or
             219      53-3-804 .
             220          (12) A sex offender shall provide the department with the following information:
             221          (a) all names or aliases the sex offender is or has been known by;
             222          (b) the sex offender's name and residential address;
             223          (c) a physical description, including the sex offender's age, height, weight, eye and hair
             224      color;
             225          (d) the type of vehicle or vehicles the sex offender drives;
             226          (e) a current photograph of the sex offender; and
             227          (f) each educational institution in Utah at which the sex offender is employed, carries
             228      on a vocation, or is a student, and any change of enrollment or employment status of the sex
             229      offender at any educational institution.
             230          (13) The department shall:
             231          (a) provide the following additional information when available:
             232          (i) the crimes the sex offender was convicted of or adjudicated delinquent for; and
             233          (ii) a description of the sex offender's primary and secondary targets; and
             234          (b) ensure that the registration information collected regarding a sex offender's
             235      enrollment or employment at an educational institution is:
             236          (i) (A) promptly made available to any law enforcement agency that has jurisdiction
             237      where the institution is located if the educational institution is an institution of higher
             238      education; or
             239          (B) promptly made available to the district superintendent of the school district where
             240      the offender is enrolled if the educational institution is an institution of primary education; and
             241          (ii) entered into the appropriate state records or data system.
             242          (14) (a) A sex offender who knowingly fails to register under this section is guilty of:
             243          (i) a third degree felony and shall be sentenced to serve a term of incarceration for not
             244      less than 90 days and also at least one year of probation if:


             245          (A) the sex offender is required to register for a felony conviction of an offense listed
             246      in Subsection (1)(f)(i); or
             247          (B) the sex offender is required to register for the offender's lifetime under Subsection
             248      (10)(c); or
             249          (ii) a class A misdemeanor and shall be sentenced to serve a term of incarceration for
             250      not fewer than 90 days and also at least one year of probation if the sex offender is required to
             251      register for a misdemeanor conviction of an offense listed in Subsection (1)(f)(i).
             252          (b) Neither the court nor the Board of Pardons and Parole may release a person who
             253      violates this section from serving the term required under Subsection (14)(a). This Subsection
             254      (14)(b) supersedes any other provision of the law contrary to this section.
             255          (15) Notwithstanding Title 63, Chapter 2, Government Records Access and
             256      Management Act, information in Subsections (12) and (13) collected and released under this
             257      section is public information.
             258          (16) (a) If a sex offender is to be temporarily sent outside a secure facility in which he
             259      is confined on any assignment, including, without limitation, firefighting or disaster control,
             260      the official who has custody of the offender shall, within a reasonable time prior to removal
             261      from the secure facility, notify the local law enforcement agencies where the assignment is to
             262      be filled.
             263          (b) This Subsection (16) does not apply to any person temporarily released under guard
             264      from the institution in which he is confined.
             265          (17) Notwithstanding Sections 77-18-9 through 77-18-14 regarding expungement, a
             266      person convicted of any offense listed in Subsection (1)(f) is not relieved from the
             267      responsibility to register as required under this section.
             268          (18) Notwithstanding Section 42-1-1 , a sex offender:
             269          (a) may not change his name:
             270          (i) while under the jurisdiction of the department; and
             271          (ii) until the registration requirements of this statute have expired; or
             272          (b) may not change his name at any time, if registration is under Subsection (10)(c).
             273          (19) The department may make rules necessary to implement this section, including:
             274          (a) the method for dissemination of the information; and
             275          (b) instructions to the public regarding the use of the information.


             276          (20) Any information regarding the identity or location of a victim shall be redacted by
             277      the department from information provided under Subsections (12) and (13).
             278          (21) Nothing in this section shall be construed to create or impose any duty on any
             279      person to request or obtain information regarding any sex offender from the department.
             280          (22) The department shall post registry information on the Internet, and the website
             281      shall contain a disclaimer informing the public of the following:
             282          (a) the information contained on the site is obtained from sex offenders and the
             283      department does not guarantee its accuracy;
             284          (b) members of the public are not allowed to use the information to harass or threaten
             285      sex offenders or members of their families; and
             286          (c) harassment, stalking, or threats against sex offenders or their families are prohibited
             287      and doing so may violate Utah criminal laws.
             288          (23) The website shall be indexed by both the surname of the offender and by postal
             289      codes.
             290          (24) The department shall construct the website so that users, before accessing registry
             291      information, must indicate that they have read the disclaimer, understand it, and agree to
             292      comply with its terms.
             293          (25) The department, its personnel, and any individual or entity acting at the request or
             294      upon the direction of the department are immune from civil liability for damages for good faith
             295      compliance with this section and will be presumed to have acted in good faith by reporting
             296      information.
             297          (26) The department shall redact information that, if disclosed, could reasonably
             298      identify a victim.
             299          (27) (a) Each sex offender required to register under Subsection (10), who is not
             300      currently under the jurisdiction of the Department of Corrections, shall pay to the department
             301      an annual fee of $75 each year the sex offender is subject to the registration requirements.
             302          (b) The department shall deposit fees under this Subsection (27) in the General Fund as
             303      a dedicated credit, to be used by the department for maintaining the sex offender registry under
             304      this section and monitoring sex offender registration compliance, including the costs of:
             305          (i) data entry;
             306          (ii) processing registration packets;


             307          (iii) updating registry information;
             308          (iv) ensuring sex offender compliance with registration requirements under this
             309      section; and
             310          (v) apprehending offenders who are in violation of the sex offender registration
             311      requirements under this section.




Legislative Review Note
    as of 11-27-06 1:51 PM


Office of Legislative Research and General Counsel


Interim Committee Note
    as of 12-12-06 11:20 AM


The Law Enforcement and Criminal Justice Interim Committee recommended this bill.


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