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First Substitute S.B. 45
This document includes Senate 2nd Reading Floor Amendments incorporated into the bill on Mon, Feb 22, 2010 at 12:39 PM by rday. --> This document includes House Floor Amendments incorporated into the bill on Tue, Mar 9, 2010 at 5:00 PM by lerror. -->
7 LONG TITLE
8 General Description:
9 This bill modifies provisions related to the Utah Fit Premises Act.
10 Highlighted Provisions:
11 This bill:
12 . prohibits counties and municipalities from placing a specified limit on the number
13 of unrelated individuals allowed to occupy a single-family unit;
14 . modifies a renter's duties;
15 . authorizes a renter who is a victim of domestic violence to terminate a rental
16 agreement, upon certain conditions;
17 . modifies a renter's remedies against an owner for a residential rental unit that does
18 not comply with applicable requirements;
19 . prohibits counties and municipalities from adopting measures inconsistent with the
20 Utah Fit Premises Act, with limitations; and
21 . makes technical changes.
22 Monies Appropriated in this Bill:
24 Other Special Clauses:
28 57-22-4, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 3
29 57-22-5, as last amended by Laws of Utah 1997, Chapter 230
30 57-22-5.1, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 3
32 10-9a-505.5, Utah Code Annotated 1953
33 17-27a-505.5, Utah Code Annotated 1953
34 57-22-7, Utah Code Annotated 1953
35 REPEALS AND REENACTS:
36 57-22-6, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 3
38 Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
39 Section 1. Section 10-9a-505.5 is enacted to read:
40 10-9a-505.5. Limit on single family designation.
41 S. [
41a "single-family limit" means .S the number of unrelated individuals
42 allowed to occupy a unit in a zone permitting occupancy by a single family.
42a S. (2) A municipality may not adopt a single-family limit that is less than:
42b (a) three, if the municipality has within its boundary:
42c H. [
42d H. [
42e (b) four, for each other municipality. .S
43 Section 2. Section 17-27a-505.5 is enacted to read:
44 17-27a-505.5. Limit on single family designation.
45 S. [
45a limit" means .S the number of unrelated individuals allowed to
46 occupy a unit in a zone permitting occupancy by a single family.
46a S. (2) A county may not adopt a single-family limit that is less than:
46b (a) three, if the county has within its unincorporated area:
46c H. [
46d H. [
46e (b) four, for each other county. .S
47 Section 3. Section 57-22-4 is amended to read:
48 57-22-4. Owner's duties -- Maintenance of common areas, building, and utilities.
49 (1) To protect the physical health and safety of the ordinary renter, [
51 (a) may not rent the premises unless they are safe, sanitary, and fit for human
52 occupancy; and
53 (b) shall:
56 (iii) maintain any air conditioning system in an operable condition;
60 maintain appropriate receptacles for garbage and other waste and arrange for its removal,
61 except to the extent that [
78 (2) Except as otherwise provided in the rental agreement, an owner shall provide the
79 renter at least 24 hours prior notice of the owner's entry into the renter's residential rental unit.
80 Section 4. Section 57-22-5 is amended to read:
81 57-22-5. Renter's duties -- Cleanliness and sanitation -- Compliance with written
82 agreement -- Destruction of property, interference with peaceful enjoyment prohibited.
83 (1) Each renter shall:
84 (a) comply with the rules of the board of health having jurisdiction in the area in which
85 the residential rental unit is located which materially affect physical health and safety;
86 (b) maintain the premises occupied in a clean and safe condition and shall not
87 unreasonably burden any common area;
89 (d) maintain all plumbing fixtures in as sanitary a condition as the fixtures permit;
90 (e) use all electrical, plumbing, sanitary, heating, and other facilities and appliances in
91 a reasonable manner;
92 (f) occupy the residential rental unit in the manner for which it was designed, but the
93 renter may not increase the number of occupants above that specified in the rental agreement
94 without written permission of the owner;
95 (g) be current on all payments required by the rental agreement; and
96 (h) comply with [
97 the rental agreement [
98 any prohibition on, or the allowance of, smoking tobacco products within the residential rental
99 unit, or on the premises, or both.
100 (2) [
101 (a) intentionally or negligently destroy, deface, damage, impair, or remove any part of
102 the residential rental unit or knowingly permit any person to do so;
103 (b) interfere with the peaceful enjoyment of the residential rental unit of another renter;
105 (c) unreasonably deny access to, refuse entry to, or withhold consent to enter the
106 residential rental unit to the owner, agent, or manager for the purpose of making repairs to the
108 Section 5. Section 57-22-5.1 is amended to read:
109 57-22-5.1. Crime victim's right to new locks -- Domestic violence victim's right to
110 terminate rental agreement.
111 (1) [
112 (a) domestic violence, as defined in Section 77-36-1 ;
113 (b) stalking as defined in Section 76-5-106.5 ;
114 (c) a crime under Title 76, Chapter 5, Part 4, Sexual Offenses;
115 (d) burglary or aggravated burglary under Section 76-6-202 or 76-6-203 ; or
116 (e) dating violence, consisting of verbal, emotional, psychological, physical, or sexual
117 abuse of one person by another in a dating relationship.
118 (2) An acceptable form of documentation of an act listed in Subsection (1) is:
120 1, Cohabitant Abuse Act, subsequent to a hearing of which the petitioner and respondent have
121 been given notice under Title 78B, Chapter 7, Part 1, Cohabitant Abuse Act; or
122 (b) a copy of a police report documenting an act listed in Subsection (1).
123 (3) (a) A renter who is a crime victim may require the renter's owner to install a new
124 lock to the renter's residential rental unit if the renter:
125 (i) provides the owner with an acceptable form of documentation of an act listed in
126 Subsection (1); and
127 (ii) pays for the cost of installing the new lock.
128 (b) An owner may comply with Subsection (3)(a) by:
129 (i) rekeying the lock if the lock is in good working condition; or
130 (ii) changing the entire locking mechanism with a locking mechanism of equal or
131 greater quality than the lock being replaced.
132 (c) An owner who installs a new lock under Subsection (3)(a) may retain a copy of the
133 key that opens the new lock.
134 (d) Notwithstanding any rental agreement, an owner who installs a new lock under
135 Subsection (3)(a) shall refuse to provide a copy of the key that opens the new lock to the
136 perpetrator of the act listed in Subsection (1).
137 (e) Notwithstanding Section 78B-6-814 , if an owner refuses to provide a copy of the
138 key under Subsection (3)(d) to a perpetrator who is not barred from the residential rental unit
139 by a protective order but is a renter on the rental agreement, the perpetrator may file a petition
140 with a court of competent jurisdiction within 30 days to:
141 (i) establish whether the perpetrator should be given a key and allowed access to the
142 residential rental unit; or
143 (ii) whether the perpetrator should be relieved of further liability under the rental
144 agreement because of the owner's exclusion of the perpetrator from the residential rental unit.
145 (f) Notwithstanding Subsection (3)(e)(ii), a perpetrator may not be relieved of further
146 liability under the rental agreement if the perpetrator is found by the court to have committed
147 the act upon which the landlord's exclusion of the perpetrator is based.
148 (4) A renter who is a victim of domestic violence, as defined in Section 77-36-1 , may
149 terminate a rental agreement if the renter:
151 (i) all provisions of Section 57-22-5 ; and
152 (ii) all obligations under the rental agreement;
153 (b) provides the owner S. :
153a (i) written notice of termination; and
153b (ii) .S a protective order protecting the renter from a domestic
154 violence perpetrator; and
155 (c) S. [
155a S. under Subsection (4)(b)(i) .S , pays the owner the equivalent of 45 days' rent S. for the
155b period beginning on the date that the renter provides the notice of termination .S .
156 Section 6. Section 57-22-6 is repealed and reenacted to read:
157 57-22-6. Renter remedies for deficient condition of residential rental unit.
158 (1) As used in this section:
159 (a) "Corrective period" means:
160 (i) for a standard of habitability, three calendar days; and
161 (ii) for a requirement imposed by a rental agreement, 10 calendar days.
162 (b) "Deficient condition" means a condition of a residential rental unit that:
163 (i) violates a standard of habitability or a requirement of the rental agreement; and
164 (ii) is not caused by:
165 (A) the renter, the renter's family, or the renter's guest or invitee; and
166 (B) a use that would violate:
167 (I) the rental agreement; or
168 (II) a law applicable to the renter's use of the residential rental unit.
169 S. [
170 third calendar day after a tenant gives an owner a second notice.
171 (d) "First notice"
171a Subsection (2).
172 S. [
173 S. [
174 (i) a rent abatement remedy; or
175 (ii) a repair and deduct remedy.
176 S. [
177 S. [
179 (i) relating to the condition of a residential rental unit; and
180 (ii) that an owner is required to ensure that the residential rental unit meets as required
182 (2) (a) If a renter believes that the renter's residential rental unit has a deficient
183 condition, the renter may give the owner written notice as provided in Subsection (2)(b).
184 (b) A notice under Subsection (2)(a) shall:
185 (i) describe each deficient condition;
186 (ii) state that the owner has the corrective period, stated in terms of the applicable
187 number of days, to correct each deficient condition;
188 (iii) state the renter remedy that the renter has chosen if the owner does not, within the
189 corrective period, take substantial action toward correcting each deficient condition;
190 (iv) provide the owner permission to enter the residential rental unit to make corrective
191 action; and
192 (v) be served on the owner as provided in S. :
192a (A) .S Section 78B-6-805 S. [
192b (B) the rental agreement.
192d poses a substantial risk of:
192e (i) imminent loss of life; or
192f (ii) significant physical harm.
192g (b) If a renter believes that the renter's residential rental unit has a dangerous
192h condition, the renter may notify the owner of the dangerous condition by any means that is
192i reasonable under the circumstances.
192j (c) An owner shall:
192k (i) within 24 hours after receiving notice under Subsection (3)(b) of a dangerous
192l condition, commence remedial action to correct the dangerous condition; and
192m (ii) diligently pursue remedial action to completion.
192n (d) Notice under Subsection (3)(b) of a dangerous condition does not constitute a notice
192o of deficient condition, unless the notice also meets the requirements of Subsection (2).
194 correcting a deficient condition, the renter may give the owner another written notice as
195 provided in Subsection (3)(b).
196 (b) A notice under Subsection (3)(a) shall:
197 (i) recite the first notice;
198 (ii) state the number of days that have elapsed since the first notice was given;
199 (iii) describe each deficient condition described in the first notice with respect to which
200 the renter claims that the owner has not taken substantial corrective action;
201 (iv) state that if the owner does not, within three calendar days, take substantial action
202 toward correcting each deficient condition, the renter will be entitled to the renter remedy the
203 renter stated in the first notice; and
205 (4) (a) Subject to Subsection (4)(b), if an owner fails to take substantial action, before
206 the end of the S. [
206a described in a
207 S. [
208 (i) if the renter chose the rent abatement remedy in the S. [
208a deficient condition .S :
209 (A) the renter's rent is abated as of the date of the S. [
209a condition .S to the owner;
210 (B) the rental agreement is terminated;
211 (C) the owner shall immediately pay to the renter:
213 (II) a prorated refund for any prepaid rent, including any rent the renter paid for the
214 period after the date on which the renter gave the owner the S. [
214a condition .S ; and
215 (D) the renter shall vacate the residential rental unit within 10 calendar days after the
216 expiration of the S. [
217 (ii) if the renter chose the repair and deduct remedy in the S. [
217a deficient condition .S , and subject to
218 Subsection (4)(c), the renter:
219 (A) may:
220 (I) correct the deficient condition described in the S. [
220a condition .S ; and
221 (II) deduct from future rent the amount the renter paid to correct the deficient
222 condition, not to exceed an amount equal to two months' rent; and
223 (B) shall:
224 (I) maintain all receipts documenting the amount the renter paid to correct the deficient
225 condition; and
226 (II) provide a copy of those receipts to the owner within five calendar days after the
227 beginning of the next rental period.
228 (b) A renter is not entitled to a renter remedy if the renter is not in compliance with all
229 requirements under Section 57-22-5 .
230 (c) (i) If a residential rental unit is not fit for occupancy, an owner may:
231 (A) determine not to correct a deficient condition described in a S. [
233 (B) terminate the rental agreement.
234 (ii) If an owner determines not to correct a deficient condition and terminates the rental
235 agreement under Subsection (4)(c)(i):
236 (A) the owner shall:
237 (I) notify the renter in writing no later than the end of the S. [
239 (II) within 10 calendar days after the owner terminates the rental agreement, pay to the
241 (Aa) any prepaid rent, prorated as provided in Subsection (4)(c)(ii)(B); and
242 (Bb) any deposit due the renter;
244 under Subsection (4)(c)(i); and
245 (C) the renter may not be required to vacate the residential rental unit sooner than 10
246 calendar days after the owner notifies the renter under Subsection (4)(c)(ii)(A)(I).
247 (5) (a) After the S. [
248 district court to enforce the renter remedy that the renter chose in the S. [
248a deficient condition .S .
249 (b) In an action under Subsection (5)(a), the court shall endorse on the summons that
250 the owner is required to appear and defend the action within three business days.
251 (c) If, in an action under Subsection (5)(a), the court finds that the owner unjustifiably
252 refused to correct a deficient condition or failed to use due diligence to correct a deficient
253 condition, the renter is entitled, in addition to the applicable renter remedy, to:
254 (i) any damages; and
255 (ii) court costs and a reasonable attorney fee.
256 (d) An owner who disputes that a condition of the residential rental unit violates a
257 requirement of the rental agreement may file a counterclaim in an action brought against the
258 owner under Subsection (5)(a).
259 (6) An owner may not be held liable under this chapter for a claim for mental suffering
260 or anguish.
261 Section 7. Section 57-22-7 is enacted to read:
262 57-22-7. Limitation on counties and municipalities.
263 (1) A county or municipality may not adopt an ordinance, resolution, or regulation that
264 is inconsistent with this chapter.
265 (2) (a) Subsection (1) may not be construed to limit the ability of a county or
266 municipality to enforce an applicable administrative remedy with respect to a residential rental
267 unit for a violation of a county or municipal ordinance, subject to Subsection (2)(b).
268 (b) A county or municipality's enforcement of an administrative remedy may not have
269 the effect of:
270 (i) modifying the time requirements of a corrective period H. [
272 (ii) limiting or otherwise affecting a tenant's remedies under Section 57-22-6 ; or
273 (iii) modifying an owner's obligation under this chapter to a tenant relating to the
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