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H.B. 295 Enrolled

             1     

OUTDOOR ADVERTISING AMENDMENTS

             2     
2011 GENERAL SESSION

             3     
STATE OF UTAH

             4     
Chief Sponsor: Michael E. Noel

             5     
Senate Sponsor: Wayne L. Niederhauser

             6     
             7      LONG TITLE
             8      General Description:
             9          This bill modifies the Transportation Code by amending provisions relating to outdoor
             10      advertising.
             11      Highlighted Provisions:
             12          This bill:
             13          .    provides and amends definitions;
             14          .    enacts restrictions and requirements for an advertising structure that is on the
             15      premise of a public assembly facility;
             16          .    provides that an illumination standard adopted by any jurisdiction shall be
             17      uniformly applied to all signs, public or private, on or off premise;
             18          .    increases the amount that the Department of Transportation is entitled to recover in
             19      certain circumstances for unlawful outdoor advertising;
             20          .    specifies the criteria that shall be used for determining whether a sign has as its
             21      purpose unlawful off premise outdoor advertising;
             22          .    provides that the sign owner has the burden of proving, by a preponderance of the
             23      evidence, that the advertised activity is conducted on the premises; and
             24          .    makes technical changes.
             25      Money Appropriated in this Bill:
             26          None
             27      Other Special Clauses:
             28          None
             29      Utah Code Sections Affected:


             30      AMENDS:
             31          72-7-502, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2009, Chapter 170
             32          72-7-504.5, as enacted by Laws of Utah 2003, Chapter 166
             33          72-7-505, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2002, Chapter 298
             34          72-7-508, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 382
             35     
             36      Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
             37          Section 1. Section 72-7-502 is amended to read:
             38           72-7-502. Definitions.
             39          As used in this part:
             40          (1) "Clearly visible" means capable of being read without obstruction by an occupant
             41      of a vehicle traveling on the main traveled way of a street or highway within the visibility area.
             42          (2) "Commercial or industrial activities" means those activities generally recognized as
             43      commercial or industrial by zoning authorities in this state, except that none of the following
             44      are commercial or industrial activities:
             45          (a) agricultural, forestry, grazing, farming, and related activities, including wayside
             46      fresh produce stands;
             47          (b) transient or temporary activities;
             48          (c) activities not visible from the main-traveled way;
             49          (d) activities conducted in a building principally used as a residence; and
             50          (e) railroad tracks and minor sidings.
             51          (3) (a) "Commercial or industrial zone" means only:
             52          [(a)] (i) those areas within the boundaries of cities or towns that are used or reserved
             53      for business, commerce, or trade, or zoned as a highway service zone, under enabling state
             54      legislation or comprehensive local zoning ordinances or regulations;
             55          [(b)] (ii) those areas within the boundaries of urbanized counties that are used or
             56      reserved for business, commerce, or trade, or zoned as a highway service zone, under enabling
             57      state legislation or comprehensive local zoning ordinances or regulations;


             58          [(c)] (iii) those areas outside the boundaries of urbanized counties and outside the
             59      boundaries of cities and towns that:
             60          [(i)] (A) are used or reserved for business, commerce, or trade, or zoned as a highway
             61      service zone, under comprehensive local zoning ordinances or regulations or enabling state
             62      legislation; and
             63          [(ii)] (B) are within 8420 feet of an interstate highway exit, off-ramp, or turnoff as
             64      measured from the nearest point of the beginning or ending of the pavement widening at the
             65      exit from or entrance to the main-traveled way; or
             66          [(d)] (iv) those areas outside the boundaries of urbanized counties and outside the
             67      boundaries of cities and towns and not within 8420 feet of an interstate highway exit, off-ramp,
             68      or turnoff as measured from the nearest point of the beginning or ending of the pavement
             69      widening at the exit from or entrance to the main-traveled way that are reserved for business,
             70      commerce, or trade under enabling state legislation or comprehensive local zoning ordinances
             71      or regulations, and are actually used for commercial or industrial purposes.
             72          [(4)] (b) "Commercial or industrial zone" does not mean areas zoned for the sole
             73      purpose of allowing outdoor advertising.
             74          [(5)] (4) "Comprehensive local zoning ordinances or regulations" means a
             75      municipality's comprehensive plan required by Section 10-9a-401 , the municipal zoning plan
             76      authorized by Section 10-9a-501 , and the county master plan authorized by Sections
             77      17-27a-401 and 17-27a-501 . Property that is rezoned by comprehensive local zoning
             78      ordinances or regulations is rebuttably presumed to have not been zoned for the sole purpose of
             79      allowing outdoor advertising.
             80          [(6)] (5) "Directional signs" means signs containing information about public places
             81      owned or operated by federal, state, or local governments or their agencies, publicly or
             82      privately owned natural phenomena, historic, cultural, scientific, educational, or religious sites,
             83      and areas of natural scenic beauty or naturally suited for outdoor recreation, that the department
             84      considers to be in the interest of the traveling public.
             85          [(7)] (6) (a) "Erect" means to construct, build, raise, assemble, place, affix, attach,


             86      create, paint, draw, or in any other way bring into being.
             87          (b) "Erect" does not include any activities defined in Subsection [(7)] (6)(a) if they are
             88      performed incident to the change of an advertising message or customary maintenance of a
             89      sign.
             90          [(8)] ( 7) "Highway service zone" means a highway service area where the primary use
             91      of the land is used or reserved for commercial and roadside services other than outdoor
             92      advertising to serve the traveling public.
             93          [(9)] (8) "Information center" means an area or site established and maintained at rest
             94      areas for the purpose of informing the public of:
             95          (a) places of interest within the state; or
             96          (b) any other information that the department considers desirable.
             97          [(10)] (9) "Interchange or intersection" means those areas and their approaches where
             98      traffic is channeled off or onto an interstate route, excluding the deceleration lanes, acceleration
             99      lanes, or feeder systems, from or to another federal, state, county, city, or other route.
             100          [(11)] (10) "Maintain" means to allow to exist, subject to the provisions of this chapter.
             101          [(12)] (11) "Maintenance" means to repair, refurbish, repaint, or otherwise keep an
             102      existing sign structure safe and in a state suitable for use, including signs destroyed by
             103      vandalism or an act of God.
             104          [(13)] (12) "Main-traveled way" means the through traffic lanes, including auxiliary
             105      lanes, acceleration lanes, deceleration lanes, and feeder systems, exclusive of frontage roads
             106      and ramps. For a divided highway, there is a separate main-traveled way for the traffic in each
             107      direction.
             108          (13) "Major sponsor" means a sponsor of a public assembly facility or of a team or
             109      event held at the facility where the amount paid by the sponsor to the owner of the facility, to
             110      the team, or for the event is at least $100,000 per year.
             111          (14) "Official signs and notices" means signs and notices erected and maintained by
             112      public agencies within their territorial or zoning jurisdictions for the purpose of carrying out
             113      official duties or responsibilities in accordance with direction or authorization contained in


             114      federal, state, or local law.
             115          (15) "Off-premise signs" means signs located in areas zoned industrial, commercial, or
             116      H-1 and in areas determined by the department to be unzoned industrial or commercial that
             117      advertise an activity, service, event, person, or product located on premises other than the
             118      premises at which the advertising occurs.
             119          (16) "On-premise signs" means signs used to advertise the major activities conducted
             120      on the property where the sign is located.
             121          (17) "Outdoor advertising" means any outdoor advertising structure or outdoor
             122      structure used in combination with an outdoor advertising sign or outdoor sign within the
             123      outdoor advertising corridor which is visible from a place on the main-traveled way of a
             124      controlled route.
             125          (18) "Outdoor advertising corridor" means a strip of land 350 feet wide, measured
             126      perpendicular from the edge of a controlled highway right-of-way.
             127          (19) "Outdoor advertising structure" or "outdoor structure" means any sign structure,
             128      including any necessary devices, supports, appurtenances, and lighting that is part of or
             129      supports an outdoor sign.
             130          (20) "Point of widening" means the point of the gore or the point where the intersecting
             131      lane begins to parallel the other lanes of traffic, but the point of widening may never be greater
             132      than 2,640 feet from the center line of the intersecting highway of the interchange or
             133      intersection at grade.
             134          (21) "Public assembly facility" means a convention facility as defined under Section
             135      59-12-602 and that:
             136          (a) includes all contiguous interests in land, improvements, and utilities acquired,
             137      constructed, and used in connection with the operation of the public assembly facility, whether
             138      the interests are owned or held in fee title or a lease or easement for a term of at least 40 years,
             139      and regardless of whether the interests are owned or operated by separate governmental
             140      authorities or districts;
             141          [(a)] (b) is wholly or partially funded by public money; [and]


             142          [(b)] (c) requires a person attending an event at the public assembly facility to purchase
             143      a ticket or that otherwise charges for the use of the public assembly facility as part of its regular
             144      operation[.]; and
             145          (d) has a minimum and permanent seating capacity of at least 10,000 people.
             146          (22) "Public assembly facility sign" means a sign located on a public assembly facility
             147      that only advertises the public assembly facility, major sponsors, events, the sponsors of events
             148      held or teams playing at the facility, and products sold or services conducted at the facility.
             149          [(22)] (23) "Relocation" includes the removal of a sign from one situs together with the
             150      erection of a new sign upon another situs in a commercial or industrial zoned area as a
             151      substitute.
             152          [(23)] (24) "Relocation and replacement" means allowing all outdoor advertising signs
             153      or permits the right to maintain outdoor advertising along the interstate, federal aid primary
             154      highway existing as of June 1, 1991, and national highway system highways to be maintained
             155      in a commercial or industrial zoned area to accommodate the displacement, remodeling, or
             156      widening of the highway systems.
             157          [(24)] (25) "Remodel" means the upgrading, changing, alteration, refurbishment,
             158      modification, or complete substitution of a new outdoor advertising structure for one permitted
             159      pursuant to this part and that is located in a commercial or industrial area.
             160          [(25)] (26) "Rest area" means an area or site established and maintained within or
             161      adjacent to the right-of-way by or under public supervision or control for the convenience of
             162      the traveling public.
             163          [(26)] (27) "Scenic or natural area" means an area determined by the department to
             164      have aesthetic value.
             165          [(27)] (28) "Traveled way" means that portion of the roadway used for the movement
             166      of vehicles, exclusive of shoulders and auxiliary lanes.
             167          [(28)] (29) (a) "Unzoned commercial or industrial area" means:
             168          (i) those areas not zoned by state law or local law, regulation, or ordinance that are
             169      occupied by one or more industrial or commercial activities other than outdoor advertising


             170      signs;
             171          (ii) the lands along the highway for a distance of 600 feet immediately adjacent to
             172      those activities; and
             173          (iii) lands covering the same dimensions that are directly opposite those activities on
             174      the other side of the highway, if the department determines that those lands on the opposite side
             175      of the highway do not have scenic or aesthetic value.
             176          (b) In measuring the scope of the unzoned commercial or industrial area, all
             177      measurements shall be made from the outer edge of the regularly used buildings, parking lots,
             178      storage, or processing areas of the activities and shall be along or parallel to the edge of
             179      pavement of the highway.
             180          (c) All signs located within an unzoned commercial or industrial area become
             181      nonconforming if the commercial or industrial activity used in defining the area ceases for a
             182      continuous period of 12 months.
             183          [(29)] (30) "Urbanized county" means a county with a population of at least 125,000
             184      persons.
             185          [(30)] (31) "Visibility area" means the area on a street or highway that is:
             186          (a) defined at one end by a line extending from the base of the billboard across all lanes
             187      of traffic of the street or highway in a plane that is perpendicular to the street or highway; and
             188          (b) defined on the other end by a line extending across all lanes of traffic of the street
             189      or highway in a plane that is:
             190          (i) perpendicular to the street or highway; and
             191          (ii) 500 feet from the base of the billboard.
             192          Section 2. Section 72-7-504.5 is amended to read:
             193           72-7-504.5. Public assembly facility signs -- Restrictions.
             194          (1) Signs on the premises of a public assembly facility that do not bring rental income
             195      to the owner of the public assembly facility may advertise:
             196          [(1)] (a) the name of the facility, including identifiable venues or stores within the
             197      facility; and


             198          [(2)] (b) principal or accessory products or services offered on the property and
             199      activities conducted on the property as permitted by 23 C.F.R. Section 750.709, including:
             200          [(a)] (i) events being conducted in the facility or upon the premises, including the
             201      sponsor of the current event; and
             202          [(b)] (ii) products or services sold at the facility and activities conducted on the
             203      property that produce significant income to the operation of the facility.
             204          (2) An advertising structure described in Subsection (1):
             205          (a) shall be located on a public assembly facility or on a parcel contiguous to the public
             206      assembly facility;
             207          (b) shall be under the same ownership as the public assembly facility; and
             208          (c) may not be separated from the public assembly facility by a public road.
             209          (3) An advertising structure described in Subsection (1) may only promote a maximum
             210      of seven major sponsors and the sponsor of a current event at any one time.
             211          (4) An advertising structure described in Subsection (1) may not be located on narrow
             212      land held by easement or anything other than a fee interest unless it is a part of a public
             213      assembly facility.
             214          (5) A public assembly facility is exempt from the requirement under this part to have a
             215      state outdoor advertising permit.
             216          Section 3. Section 72-7-505 is amended to read:
             217           72-7-505. Sign size -- Sign spacing -- Location in outdoor advertising corridor --
             218      Limit on implementation.
             219          (1) (a) Except as provided in Subsection (2), a sign face within the state may not exceed
             220      the following limits:
             221          (i) maximum area - 1,000 square feet;
             222          (ii) maximum length - 60 feet; and
             223          (iii) maximum height - 25 feet.
             224          (b) No more than two facings visible and readable from the same direction on the
             225      main-traveled way may be erected on any one sign structure. Whenever two facings are so


             226      positioned, neither shall exceed the maximum allowed square footage.
             227          (c) Two or more advertising messages on a sign face and double-faced, back-to-back,
             228      stacked, side-by-side, and V-type signs are permitted as a single sign or structure if both faces
             229      enjoy common ownership.
             230          (d) A changeable message sign is permitted if the interval between message changes is
             231      not more frequent than at least eight seconds and the actual message rotation process is
             232      accomplished in three seconds or less.
             233          (e) An illumination standard adopted by any jurisdiction shall be uniformly applied to
             234      all signs, public or private, on or off premise.
             235          (2) (a) An outdoor sign structure located inside the unincorporated area of a
             236      nonurbanized county may have the maximum height allowed by the county for outdoor
             237      advertising structures in the commercial or industrial zone in which the sign is located. If no
             238      maximum height is provided for the location, the maximum sign height may be 65 feet above
             239      the ground or 25 feet above the grade of the main traveled way, whichever is greater.
             240          (b) An outdoor sign structure located inside an incorporated municipality or urbanized
             241      county may have the maximum height allowed by the municipality or urbanized county for
             242      outdoor advertising structures in the commercial or industrial zone in which the sign is located.
             243      If no maximum height is provided for the location, the maximum sign height may be 65 feet
             244      above the ground or 25 feet above the grade of the main traveled way, whichever is greater.
             245          (3) Except as provided in Section 72-7-509 :
             246          (a) Any sign allowed to be erected by reason of the exceptions set forth in Subsection
             247      72-7-504 (1) or in H-1 zones may not be closer than 500 feet to an existing off-premise sign
             248      adjacent to an interstate highway or limited access primary highway, except that signs may be
             249      erected closer than 500 feet if the signs on the same side of the interstate highway or limited
             250      access primary highway are not simultaneously visible.
             251          (b) Signs may not be located within 500 feet of any of the following which are adjacent
             252      to the highway, unless the signs are in an incorporated area:
             253          (i) public parks;


             254          (ii) public forests;
             255          (iii) public playgrounds;
             256          (iv) areas designated as scenic areas by the department or other state agency having and
             257      exercising this authority; or
             258          (v) cemeteries.
             259          (c) (i) (A) Except under Subsection (3)(c)(ii), signs may not be located on an interstate
             260      highway or limited access highway on the primary system within 500 feet of an interchange, or
             261      intersection at grade, or rest area measured along the interstate highway or freeway from the
             262      sign to the nearest point of the beginning or ending of pavement widening at the exit from or
             263      entrance to the main-traveled way.
             264          (B) Interchange and intersection distance limitations shall be measured separately for
             265      each direction of travel. A measurement for each direction of travel may not control or affect
             266      any other direction of travel.
             267          (ii) A sign may be placed closer than 500 feet from the nearest point of the beginning
             268      or ending of pavement widening at the exit from or entrance to the main-traveled way, if:
             269          (A) the sign is replacing an existing outdoor advertising use or structure which is being
             270      removed or displaced to accommodate the widening, construction, or reconstruction of an
             271      interstate, federal aid primary highway existing as of June 1, 1991, or national highway system
             272      highway; and
             273          (B) it is located in a commercial or industrial zoned area inside an urbanized county or
             274      an incorporated municipality.
             275          (d) The location of signs situated on nonlimited access primary highways in
             276      commercial, industrial, or H-1 zoned areas between streets, roads, or highways entering the
             277      primary highway shall not exceed the following minimum spacing criteria:
             278          (i) Where the distance between centerlines of intersecting streets, roads, or highways is
             279      less than 1,000 feet, a minimum spacing between structures of 150 feet may be permitted
             280      between the intersecting streets or highways.
             281          (ii) Where the distance between centerlines of intersecting streets, roads, or highways


             282      is 1,000 feet or more, minimum spacing between sign structures shall be 300 feet.
             283          (e) All outdoor advertising shall be erected and maintained within the outdoor
             284      advertising corridor.
             285          (4) Subsection (3)(c)(ii) may not be implemented until:
             286          (a) the Utah-Federal Agreement for carrying out national policy relative to control of
             287      outdoor advertising in areas adjacent to the national system of interstate and defense highways
             288      and the federal-aid primary system is modified to allow the sign placement specified in
             289      Subsection (3)(c)(ii); and
             290          (b) the modified agreement under Subsection (4)(a) is signed on behalf of both the state
             291      and the United States Secretary of Transportation.
             292          Section 4. Section 72-7-508 is amended to read:
             293           72-7-508. Unlawful outdoor advertising -- Adjudicative proceedings -- Judicial
             294      review -- Costs of removal -- Civil and criminal liability for damaging regulated signs --
             295      Immunity for Department of Transportation.
             296          (1) Outdoor advertising is unlawful when:
             297          (a) erected after May 9, 1967, contrary to the provisions of this chapter;
             298          (b) a permit is not obtained as required by this part;
             299          (c) a false or misleading statement has been made in the application for a permit that
             300      was material to obtaining the permit; or
             301          (d) the sign for which a permit was issued is not in a reasonable state of repair, is
             302      unsafe, or is otherwise in violation of this part.
             303          (2) The establishment, operation, repair, maintenance, or alteration of any sign contrary
             304      to this chapter is also a public nuisance.
             305          (3) Except as provided in Subsection (4), in its enforcement of this section, the
             306      department shall comply with the procedures and requirements of Title 63G, Chapter 4,
             307      Administrative Procedures Act.
             308          (4) (a) The district courts shall have jurisdiction to review by trial de novo all final
             309      orders of the department under this part resulting from formal and informal adjudicative


             310      proceedings.
             311          (b) Venue for judicial review of final orders of the department shall be in the county in
             312      which the sign is located.
             313          (5) If the department is granted a judgment, the department is entitled to have any
             314      nuisance abated and recover from the responsible person, firm, or corporation, jointly and
             315      severally:
             316          (a) the costs and expenses incurred in removing the sign; and
             317          (b) [$100] (i) $500 for each day the sign was maintained following the expiration of 10
             318      days after notice of agency action was filed and served under Section 63G-4-201 [.];
             319          (ii) $750 for each day the sign was maintained following the expiration of 40 days after
             320      notice of agency action was filed and served under Section 63G-4-201 ;
             321          (iii) $1,000 for each day the sign was maintained following the expiration of 70 days
             322      after notice of agency action was filed and served under Section 63G-4-201 ; and
             323          (iv) $1,500 for each day the sign was maintained following the expiration of 100 days
             324      after notice of agency action was filed and served under Section 63G-4-201 .
             325          (6) (a) Any person, partnership, firm, or corporation who vandalizes, damages, defaces,
             326      destroys, or uses any sign controlled under this chapter without the owner's permission is liable
             327      to the owner of the sign for treble the amount of damage sustained and all costs of court,
             328      including a reasonable attorney's fee, and is guilty of a class C misdemeanor.
             329          (b) This Subsection (6) does not apply to the department, its agents, or employees if
             330      acting to enforce this part.
             331          (7) The following criteria shall be used for determining whether an existing sign within
             332      an interstate outdoor advertising corridor has as its purpose unlawful off-premise outdoor
             333      advertising:
             334          (a) whether the sign complies with this part;
             335          (b) whether the premise includes an area:
             336          (i) from which the general public is serviced according to normal industry practices for
             337      organizations of that type; or


             338          (ii) that is directly connected to or is involved in carrying out the activities and normal
             339      industry practices of the advertised activities, services, events, persons, or products;
             340          (c) whether the sign generates revenue:
             341          (i) arising from the advertisement of activities, services, events, or products not
             342      available on the premise according to normal industry practices for organizations of that type;
             343          (ii) arising from the advertisement of activities, services, events, persons, or products
             344      that are incidental to the principal activities, services, events, or products available on the
             345      premise; and
             346          (iii) including the following:
             347          (A) money;
             348          (B) securities;
             349          (C) real property interest;
             350          (D) personal property interest;
             351          (E) barter of goods or services;
             352          (F) promise of future payment or compensation; or
             353          (G) forbearance of debt;
             354          (d) whether the purveyor of the activities, services, events, persons, or products being
             355      advertised:
             356          (i) carries on hours of operation on the premise comparable to the normal industry
             357      practice for a business, service, or operation of that type, or posts the hours of operation on the
             358      premise in public view;
             359          (ii) has available utilities comparable to the normal industry practice for an entity of
             360      that type; and
             361          (iii) has a current valid business license or permit under applicable local ordinances,
             362      state law, and federal law to conduct business on the premise upon which the sign is located;
             363          (e) whether the advertisement is located on the site of any auxiliary facility that is not
             364      essential to, or customarily used in, the ordinary course of business for the activities, services,
             365      events, persons, or products being advertised; or


             366          (f) whether the sign or advertisement is located on property that is not contiguous to a
             367      property that is essential and customarily used for conducting the business of the activities,
             368      services, events, persons, or products being advertised.
             369          (8) The following do not qualify as a business under Subsection (7):
             370          (a) public or private utility corridors or easements;
             371          (b) railroad tracks;
             372          (c) outdoor advertising signs or structures;
             373          (d) vacant lots;
             374          (e) transient or temporary activities; or
             375          (f) storage of accessory products.
             376          (9) The sign owner has the burden of proving, by a preponderance of the evidence, that
             377      the advertised activity is conducted on the premise.


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