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[Introduced][Status][Bill Documents][Fiscal Note] [Bills Directory]

H.B. 412 Enrolled

             1     

LAND USE REVISIONS

             2     
2011 GENERAL SESSION

             3     
STATE OF UTAH

             4     
Chief Sponsor: Gage Froerer

             5     
Senate Sponsor: Scott K. Jenkins

             6     
             7      LONG TITLE
             8      General Description:
             9          This bill amends municipal and county land use provisions.
             10      Highlighted Provisions:
             11          This bill:
             12          .    defines "therapeutic school";
             13          .    prohibits a municipality or a county from enforcing or enacting an ordinance in a
             14      way that fails to comply with state or federal law; and
             15          .    makes technical corrections.
             16      Money Appropriated in this Bill:
             17          None
             18      Other Special Clauses:
             19      None
             20      Utah Code Sections Affected:
             21      AMENDS:
             22          10-9a-103, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2010, Chapters 269 and 330
             23          10-9a-305, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2010, Chapters 203 and 330
             24          17-27a-103, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2010, Chapters 269 and 330
             25          17-27a-305, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2010, Chapters 203 and 330
             26     
             27      Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
             28          Section 1. Section 10-9a-103 is amended to read:
             29           10-9a-103. Definitions.


             30          As used in this chapter:
             31          (1) "Affected entity" means a county, municipality, local district, special service
             32      district under Title 17D, Chapter 1, Special Service District Act, school district, interlocal
             33      cooperation entity established under Title 11, Chapter 13, Interlocal Cooperation Act, specified
             34      public utility, a property owner, a property owners association, or the Utah Department of
             35      Transportation, if:
             36          (a) the entity's services or facilities are likely to require expansion or significant
             37      modification because of an intended use of land;
             38          (b) the entity has filed with the municipality a copy of the entity's general or long-range
             39      plan; or
             40          (c) the entity has filed with the municipality a request for notice during the same
             41      calendar year and before the municipality provides notice to an affected entity in compliance
             42      with a requirement imposed under this chapter.
             43          (2) "Appeal authority" means the person, board, commission, agency, or other body
             44      designated by ordinance to decide an appeal of a decision of a land use application or a
             45      variance.
             46          (3) "Billboard" means a freestanding ground sign located on industrial, commercial, or
             47      residential property if the sign is designed or intended to direct attention to a business, product,
             48      or service that is not sold, offered, or existing on the property where the sign is located.
             49          (4) (a) "Charter school" [includes] means:
             50          [(a)] (i) an operating charter school;
             51          [(b)] (ii) a charter school applicant that has its application approved by a chartering
             52      entity in accordance with Title 53A, Chapter 1a, Part 5, The Utah Charter Schools Act; [and] or
             53          [(c)] (iii) an entity who is working on behalf of a charter school or approved charter
             54      applicant to develop or construct a charter school building.
             55          (b) "Charter school" does not include a therapeutic school.
             56          (5) "Conditional use" means a land use that, because of its unique characteristics or
             57      potential impact on the municipality, surrounding neighbors, or adjacent land uses, may not be


             58      compatible in some areas or may be compatible only if certain conditions are required that
             59      mitigate or eliminate the detrimental impacts.
             60          (6) "Constitutional taking" means a governmental action that results in a taking of
             61      private property so that compensation to the owner of the property is required by the:
             62          (a) Fifth or Fourteenth Amendment of the Constitution of the United States; or
             63          (b) Utah Constitution Article I, Section 22.
             64          (7) "Culinary water authority" means the department, agency, or public entity with
             65      responsibility to review and approve the feasibility of the culinary water system and sources for
             66      the subject property.
             67          (8) "Development activity" means:
             68          (a) any construction or expansion of a building, structure, or use that creates additional
             69      demand and need for public facilities;
             70          (b) any change in use of a building or structure that creates additional demand and need
             71      for public facilities; or
             72          (c) any change in the use of land that creates additional demand and need for public
             73      facilities.
             74          (9) (a) "Disability" means a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one
             75      or more of a person's major life activities, including a person having a record of such an
             76      impairment or being regarded as having such an impairment.
             77          (b) "Disability" does not include current illegal use of, or addiction to, any federally
             78      controlled substance, as defined in Section 102 of the Controlled Substances Act, 21 U.S.C.
             79      802.
             80          (10) "Educational facility":
             81          (a) means:
             82          (i) a school district's building at which pupils assemble to receive instruction in a
             83      program for any combination of grades from preschool through grade 12, including
             84      kindergarten and a program for children with disabilities;
             85          (ii) a structure or facility:


             86          (A) located on the same property as a building described in Subsection (10)(a)(i); and
             87          (B) used in support of the use of that building; and
             88          (iii) a building to provide office and related space to a school district's administrative
             89      personnel; and
             90          (b) does not include:
             91          (i) land or a structure, including land or a structure for inventory storage, equipment
             92      storage, food processing or preparing, vehicle storage or maintenance, or similar use that is:
             93          [(i)] (A) not located on the same property as a building described in Subsection
             94      (10)(a)(i); and
             95          [(ii)] (B) used in support of the purposes of a building described in Subsection
             96      (10)(a)(i)[.]; or
             97          (ii) a therapeutic school.
             98          (11) "Elderly person" means a person who is 60 years old or older, who desires or
             99      needs to live with other elderly persons in a group setting, but who is capable of living
             100      independently.
             101          (12) "Fire authority" means the department, agency, or public entity with responsibility
             102      to review and approve the feasibility of fire protection and suppression services for the subject
             103      property.
             104          (13) "Flood plain" means land that:
             105          (a) is within the 100-year flood plain designated by the Federal Emergency
             106      Management Agency; or
             107          (b) has not been studied or designated by the Federal Emergency Management Agency
             108      but presents a likelihood of experiencing chronic flooding or a catastrophic flood event because
             109      the land has characteristics that are similar to those of a 100-year flood plain designated by the
             110      Federal Emergency Management Agency.
             111          (14) "General plan" means a document that a municipality adopts that sets forth general
             112      guidelines for proposed future development of the land within the municipality.
             113          (15) "Geologic hazard" means:


             114          (a) a surface fault rupture;
             115          (b) shallow groundwater;
             116          (c) liquefaction;
             117          (d) a landslide;
             118          (e) a debris flow;
             119          (f) unstable soil;
             120          (g) a rock fall; or
             121          (h) any other geologic condition that presents a risk:
             122          (i) to life;
             123          (ii) of substantial loss of real property; or
             124          (iii) of substantial damage to real property.
             125          (16) "Hookup fee" means a fee for the installation and inspection of any pipe, line,
             126      meter, or appurtenance that connects to a municipal water, sewer, storm water, power, or other
             127      utility system.
             128          (17) "Identical plans" means building plans submitted to a municipality that are
             129      substantially identical to building plans that were previously submitted to and reviewed and
             130      approved by the municipality and describe a building that is:
             131          (a) located on land zoned the same as the land on which the building described in the
             132      previously approved plans is located; and
             133          (b) subject to the same geological and meteorological conditions and the same law as
             134      the building described in the previously approved plans.
             135          (18) "Impact fee" means a payment of money imposed under Title 11, Chapter 36,
             136      Impact Fees Act.
             137          (19) "Improvement assurance" means a surety bond, letter of credit, cash, or other
             138      security:
             139          (a) to guaranty the proper completion of an improvement;
             140          (b) that is required as a condition precedent to:
             141          (i) recording a subdivision plat; or


             142          (ii) beginning development activity; and
             143          (c) that is offered to a land use authority to induce the land use authority, before actual
             144      construction of required improvements, to:
             145          (i) consent to the recording of a subdivision plat; or
             146          (ii) issue a permit for development activity.
             147          (20) "Improvement assurance warranty" means a promise that the materials and
             148      workmanship of improvements:
             149          (a) comport with standards that the municipality has officially adopted; and
             150          (b) will not fail in any material respect within a warranty period.
             151          (21) "Internal lot restriction" means a platted note, platted demarcation, or platted
             152      designation that:
             153          (a) runs with the land; and
             154          (b) (i) creates a restriction that is enclosed within the perimeter of a lot described on
             155      the plat; or
             156          (ii) designates a development condition that is enclosed within the perimeter of a lot
             157      described on the plat.
             158          (22) "Land use application" means an application required by a municipality's land use
             159      ordinance.
             160          (23) "Land use authority" means a person, board, commission, agency, or other body
             161      designated by the local legislative body to act upon a land use application.
             162          (24) "Land use ordinance" means a planning, zoning, development, or subdivision
             163      ordinance of the municipality, but does not include the general plan.
             164          (25) "Land use permit" means a permit issued by a land use authority.
             165          (26) "Legislative body" means the municipal council.
             166          (27) "Local district" means an entity under Title 17B, Limited Purpose Local
             167      Government Entities - Local Districts, and any other governmental or quasi-governmental
             168      entity that is not a county, municipality, school district, or the state.
             169          (28) "Lot line adjustment" means the relocation of the property boundary line in a


             170      subdivision between two adjoining lots with the consent of the owners of record.
             171          (29) "Moderate income housing" means housing occupied or reserved for occupancy
             172      by households with a gross household income equal to or less than 80% of the median gross
             173      income for households of the same size in the county in which the city is located.
             174          (30) "Nominal fee" means a fee that reasonably reimburses a municipality only for time
             175      spent and expenses incurred in:
             176          (a) verifying that building plans are identical plans; and
             177          (b) reviewing and approving those minor aspects of identical plans that differ from the
             178      previously reviewed and approved building plans.
             179          (31) "Noncomplying structure" means a structure that:
             180          (a) legally existed before its current land use designation; and
             181          (b) because of one or more subsequent land use ordinance changes, does not conform
             182      to the setback, height restrictions, or other regulations, excluding those regulations, which
             183      govern the use of land.
             184          (32) "Nonconforming use" means a use of land that:
             185          (a) legally existed before its current land use designation;
             186          (b) has been maintained continuously since the time the land use ordinance governing
             187      the land changed; and
             188          (c) because of one or more subsequent land use ordinance changes, does not conform
             189      to the regulations that now govern the use of the land.
             190          (33) "Official map" means a map drawn by municipal authorities and recorded in a
             191      county recorder's office that:
             192          (a) shows actual and proposed rights-of-way, centerline alignments, and setbacks for
             193      highways and other transportation facilities;
             194          (b) provides a basis for restricting development in designated rights-of-way or between
             195      designated setbacks to allow the government authorities time to purchase or otherwise reserve
             196      the land; and
             197          (c) has been adopted as an element of the municipality's general plan.


             198          (34) "Person" means an individual, corporation, partnership, organization, association,
             199      trust, governmental agency, or any other legal entity.
             200          (35) "Plan for moderate income housing" means a written document adopted by a city
             201      legislative body that includes:
             202          (a) an estimate of the existing supply of moderate income housing located within the
             203      city;
             204          (b) an estimate of the need for moderate income housing in the city for the next five
             205      years as revised biennially;
             206          (c) a survey of total residential land use;
             207          (d) an evaluation of how existing land uses and zones affect opportunities for moderate
             208      income housing; and
             209          (e) a description of the city's program to encourage an adequate supply of moderate
             210      income housing.
             211          (36) "Plat" means a map or other graphical representation of lands being laid out and
             212      prepared in accordance with Section 10-9a-603 , 17-23-17 , or 57-8-13 .
             213          (37) "Potential geologic hazard area" means an area that:
             214          (a) is designated by a Utah Geological Survey map, county geologist map, or other
             215      relevant map or report as needing further study to determine the area's potential for geologic
             216      hazard; or
             217          (b) has not been studied by the Utah Geological Survey or a county geologist but
             218      presents the potential of geologic hazard because the area has characteristics similar to those of
             219      a designated geologic hazard area.
             220          (38) "Public agency" means:
             221          (a) the federal government;
             222          (b) the state;
             223          (c) a county, municipality, school district, local district, special service district, or other
             224      political subdivision of the state; or
             225          (d) a charter school.


             226          (39) "Public hearing" means a hearing at which members of the public are provided a
             227      reasonable opportunity to comment on the subject of the hearing.
             228          (40) "Public meeting" means a meeting that is required to be open to the public under
             229      Title 52, Chapter 4, Open and Public Meetings Act.
             230          (41) "Record of survey map" means a map of a survey of land prepared in accordance
             231      with Section 17-23-17 .
             232          (42) "Receiving zone" means an area of a municipality that the municipality's land use
             233      authority designates as an area in which an owner of land may receive transferrable
             234      development rights.
             235          (43) "Residential facility for elderly persons" means a single-family or multiple-family
             236      dwelling unit that meets the requirements of Section 10-9a-516 , but does not include a health
             237      care facility as defined by Section 26-21-2 .
             238          (44) "Residential facility for persons with a disability" means a residence:
             239          (a) in which more than one person with a disability resides; and
             240          (b) (i) is licensed or certified by the Department of Human Services under Title 62A,
             241      Chapter 2, Licensure of Programs and Facilities; or
             242          (ii) is licensed or certified by the Department of Health under Title 26, Chapter 21,
             243      Health Care Facility Licensing and Inspection Act.
             244          (45) "Sanitary sewer authority" means the department, agency, or public entity with
             245      responsibility to review and approve the feasibility of sanitary sewer services or onsite
             246      wastewater systems.
             247          (46) "Sending zone" means an area of a municipality that the municipality's land use
             248      authority designates as an area from which an owner of land may transfer transferrable
             249      development rights to an owner of land in a receiving zone.
             250          (47) "Specified public agency" means:
             251          (a) the state;
             252          (b) a school district; or
             253          (c) a charter school.


             254          (48) "Specified public utility" means an electrical corporation, gas corporation, or
             255      telephone corporation, as those terms are defined in Section 54-2-1 .
             256          (49) "State" includes any department, division, or agency of the state.
             257          (50) "Street" means a public right-of-way, including a highway, avenue, boulevard,
             258      parkway, road, lane, walk, alley, viaduct, subway, tunnel, bridge, public easement, or other
             259      way.
             260          (51) (a) "Subdivision" means any land that is divided, resubdivided or proposed to be
             261      divided into two or more lots, parcels, sites, units, plots, or other division of land for the
             262      purpose, whether immediate or future, for offer, sale, lease, or development either on the
             263      installment plan or upon any and all other plans, terms, and conditions.
             264          (b) "Subdivision" includes:
             265          (i) the division or development of land whether by deed, metes and bounds description,
             266      devise and testacy, map, plat, or other recorded instrument; and
             267          (ii) except as provided in Subsection (51) (c), divisions of land for residential and
             268      nonresidential uses, including land used or to be used for commercial, agricultural, and
             269      industrial purposes.
             270          (c) "Subdivision" does not include:
             271          (i) a bona fide division or partition of agricultural land for the purpose of joining one of
             272      the resulting separate parcels to a contiguous parcel of unsubdivided agricultural land, if
             273      neither the resulting combined parcel nor the parcel remaining from the division or partition
             274      violates an applicable land use ordinance;
             275          (ii) a recorded agreement between owners of adjoining unsubdivided properties
             276      adjusting their mutual boundary if:
             277          (A) no new lot is created; and
             278          (B) the adjustment does not violate applicable land use ordinances;
             279          (iii) a recorded document, executed by the owner of record:
             280          (A) revising the legal description of more than one contiguous unsubdivided parcel of
             281      property into one legal description encompassing all such parcels of property; or


             282          (B) joining a subdivided parcel of property to another parcel of property that has not
             283      been subdivided, if the joinder does not violate applicable land use ordinances;
             284          (iv) a recorded agreement between owners of adjoining subdivided properties adjusting
             285      their mutual boundary if:
             286          (A) no new dwelling lot or housing unit will result from the adjustment; and
             287          (B) the adjustment will not violate any applicable land use ordinance; or
             288          (v) a bona fide division or partition of land by deed or other instrument where the land
             289      use authority expressly approves in writing the division in anticipation of further land use
             290      approvals on the parcel or parcels.
             291          (d) The joining of a subdivided parcel of property to another parcel of property that has
             292      not been subdivided does not constitute a subdivision under this Subsection (51) as to the
             293      unsubdivided parcel of property or subject the unsubdivided parcel to the municipality's
             294      subdivision ordinance.
             295          (52) "Therapeutic school" means a residential group living facility:
             296          (a) for four or more individuals who are not related to:
             297          (i) the owner of the facility; or
             298          (ii) the primary service provider of the facility;
             299          (b) that serves students who have a history of failing to function:
             300          (i) at home;
             301          (ii) in a public school; or
             302          (iii) in a nonresidential private school; and
             303          (c) that offers:
             304          (i) room and board; and
             305          (ii) an academic education integrated with:
             306          (A) specialized structure and supervision; or
             307          (B) services or treatment related to a disability, an emotional development, a
             308      behavioral development, a familial development, or a social development.
             309          [(52)] (53) "Transferrable development right" means the entitlement to develop land


             310      within a sending zone that would vest according to the municipality's existing land use
             311      ordinances on the date that a completed land use application is filed seeking the approval of
             312      development activity on the land.
             313          [(53)] (54) "Unincorporated" means the area outside of the incorporated area of a city
             314      or town.
             315          [(54)] (55) "Water interest" means any right to the beneficial use of water, including:
             316          (a) each of the rights listed in Section 73-1-11 ; and
             317          (b) an ownership interest in the right to the beneficial use of water represented by:
             318          (i) a contract; or
             319          (ii) a share in a water company, as defined in Section 73-3-3.5 .
             320          [(55)] (56) "Zoning map" means a map, adopted as part of a land use ordinance, that
             321      depicts land use zones, overlays, or districts.
             322          Section 2. Section 10-9a-305 is amended to read:
             323           10-9a-305. Other entities required to conform to municipality's land use
             324      ordinances -- Exceptions -- School districts and charter schools -- Submission of
             325      development plan and schedule.
             326          (1) (a) Each county, municipality, school district, charter school, local district, special
             327      service district, and political subdivision of the state shall conform to any applicable land use
             328      ordinance of any municipality when installing, constructing, operating, or otherwise using any
             329      area, land, or building situated within that municipality.
             330          (b) In addition to any other remedies provided by law, when a municipality's land use
             331      ordinance is violated or about to be violated by another political subdivision, that municipality
             332      may institute an injunction, mandamus, abatement, or other appropriate action or proceeding to
             333      prevent, enjoin, abate, or remove the improper installation, improvement, or use.
             334          (2) (a) Notwithstanding Subsection (1), a public transit district under Title 17B,
             335      Chapter 2a, Part 8, Public Transit District Act, is not required to conform to any applicable
             336      land use ordinance of a municipality located within the boundaries of a county of the first class
             337      when constructing a:


             338          (i) rail fixed guideway public transit facility that extends across two or more counties;
             339      or
             340          (ii) structure that serves a rail fixed guideway public transit facility that extends across
             341      two or more counties, including:
             342          (A) platforms;
             343          (B) passenger terminals or stations;
             344          (C) park and ride facilities;
             345          (D) maintenance facilities;
             346          (E) all related utility lines, roadways, and other facilities serving the public transit
             347      facility; or
             348          (F) other auxiliary facilities.
             349          (b) The exemption from municipal land use ordinances under this Subsection (2) does
             350      not extend to any property not necessary for the construction or operation of a rail fixed
             351      guideway public transit facility.
             352          (c) A municipality located within the boundaries of a county of the first class may not,
             353      through an agreement under Title 11, Chapter 13, Interlocal Cooperation Act, require a public
             354      transit district under Title 17B, Chapter 2a, Part 8, Public Transit District Act, to obtain
             355      approval from the municipality prior to constructing a:
             356          (i) rail fixed guideway public transit facility that extends across two or more counties;
             357      or
             358          (ii) structure that serves a rail fixed guideway public transit facility that extends across
             359      two or more counties, including:
             360          (A) platforms;
             361          (B) passenger terminals or stations;
             362          (C) park and ride facilities;
             363          (D) maintenance facilities;
             364          (E) all related utility lines, roadways, and other facilities serving the public transit
             365      facility; or


             366          (F) other auxiliary facilities.
             367          (3) (a) Except as provided in Subsection (4), a school district or charter school is
             368      subject to a municipality's land use ordinances.
             369          (b) (i) Notwithstanding Subsection (4), a municipality may:
             370          (A) subject a charter school to standards within each zone pertaining to setback, height,
             371      bulk and massing regulations, off-site parking, curb cut, traffic circulation, and construction
             372      staging; and
             373          (B) impose regulations upon the location of a project that are necessary to avoid
             374      unreasonable risks to health or safety, as provided in Subsection (4)(f).
             375          (ii) The standards to which a municipality may subject a charter school under
             376      Subsection (3)(b)(i) shall be objective standards only and may not be subjective.
             377          (iii) Except as provided in Subsection (8)(d), the only basis upon which a municipality
             378      may deny or withhold approval of a charter school's land use application is the charter school's
             379      failure to comply with a standard imposed under Subsection (3)(b)(i).
             380          (iv) Nothing in Subsection (3)(b)(iii) may be construed to relieve a charter school of an
             381      obligation to comply with a requirement of an applicable building or safety code to which it is
             382      otherwise obligated to comply.
             383          (4) A municipality may not:
             384          (a) impose requirements for landscaping, fencing, aesthetic considerations,
             385      construction methods or materials, additional building inspections, municipal building codes,
             386      building use for educational purposes, or the placement or use of temporary classroom facilities
             387      on school property;
             388          (b) except as otherwise provided in this section, require a school district or charter
             389      school to participate in the cost of any roadway or sidewalk, or a study on the impact of a
             390      school on a roadway or sidewalk, that is not reasonably necessary for the safety of school
             391      children and not located on or contiguous to school property, unless the roadway or sidewalk is
             392      required to connect an otherwise isolated school site to an existing roadway;
             393          (c) require a district or charter school to pay fees not authorized by this section;


             394          (d) provide for inspection of school construction or assess a fee or other charges for
             395      inspection, unless the school district or charter school is unable to provide for inspection by an
             396      inspector, other than the project architect or contractor, who is qualified under criteria
             397      established by the state superintendent;
             398          (e) require a school district or charter school to pay any impact fee for an improvement
             399      project unless the impact fee is imposed as provided in Title 11, Chapter 36, Impact Fees Act;
             400          (f) impose regulations upon the location of an educational facility except as necessary
             401      to avoid unreasonable risks to health or safety; or
             402          (g) for a land use or a structure owned or operated by a school district or charter school
             403      that is not an educational facility but is used in support of providing instruction to pupils,
             404      impose a regulation that:
             405          (i) is not imposed on a similar land use or structure in the zone in which the land use or
             406      structure is approved; or
             407          (ii) uses the tax exempt status of the school district or charter school as criteria for
             408      prohibiting or regulating the land use or location of the structure.
             409          (5) Subject to Section 53A-20-108 , a school district or charter school shall coordinate
             410      the siting of a new school with the municipality in which the school is to be located, to:
             411          (a) avoid or mitigate existing and potential traffic hazards, including consideration of
             412      the impacts between the new school and future highways; and
             413          (b) maximize school, student, and site safety.
             414          (6) Notwithstanding Subsection (4)(d), a municipality may, at its discretion:
             415          (a) provide a walk-through of school construction at no cost and at a time convenient to
             416      the district or charter school; and
             417          (b) provide recommendations based upon the walk-through.
             418          (7) (a) Notwithstanding Subsection (4)(d), a school district or charter school shall use:
             419          (i) a municipal building inspector;
             420          (ii) (A) for a school district, a school district building inspector from that school
             421      district; or


             422          (B) for a charter school, a school district building inspector from the school district in
             423      which the charter school is located; or
             424          (iii) an independent, certified building inspector who is:
             425          (A) not an employee of the contractor;
             426          (B) approved by:
             427          (I) a municipal building inspector; or
             428          (II) (Aa) for a school district, a school district building inspector from that school
             429      district; or
             430          (Bb) for a charter school, a school district building inspector from the school district in
             431      which the charter school is located; and
             432          (C) licensed to perform the inspection that the inspector is requested to perform.
             433          (b) The approval under Subsection (7)(a)(iii)(B) may not be unreasonably withheld.
             434          (c) If a school district or charter school uses a school district or independent building
             435      inspector under Subsection (7)(a)(ii) or (iii), the school district or charter school shall submit to
             436      the state superintendent of public instruction and municipal building official, on a monthly
             437      basis during construction of the school building, a copy of each inspection certificate regarding
             438      the school building.
             439          (8) (a) A charter school shall be considered a permitted use in all zoning districts
             440      within a municipality.
             441          (b) Each land use application for any approval required for a charter school, including
             442      an application for a building permit, shall be processed on a first priority basis.
             443          (c) Parking requirements for a charter school may not exceed the minimum parking
             444      requirements for schools or other institutional public uses throughout the municipality.
             445          (d) If a municipality has designated zones for a sexually oriented business, or a
             446      business which sells alcohol, a charter school may be prohibited from a location which would
             447      otherwise defeat the purpose for the zone unless the charter school provides a waiver.
             448          (e) (i) A school district or a charter school may seek a certificate authorizing permanent
             449      occupancy of a school building from:


             450          (A) the state superintendent of public instruction, as provided in Subsection
             451      53A-20-104 (3), if the school district or charter school used an independent building inspector
             452      for inspection of the school building; or
             453          (B) a municipal official with authority to issue the certificate, if the school district or
             454      charter school used a municipal building inspector for inspection of the school building.
             455          (ii) A school district may issue its own certificate authorizing permanent occupancy of
             456      a school building if it used its own building inspector for inspection of the school building,
             457      subject to the notification requirement of Subsection 53A-20-104 (3)(a)(ii).
             458          (iii) A charter school may seek a certificate authorizing permanent occupancy of a
             459      school building from a school district official with authority to issue the certificate, if the
             460      charter school used a school district building inspector for inspection of the school building.
             461          (iv) A certificate authorizing permanent occupancy issued by the state superintendent
             462      of public instruction under Subsection 53A-20-104 (3) or a school district official with authority
             463      to issue the certificate shall be considered to satisfy any municipal requirement for an
             464      inspection or a certificate of occupancy.
             465          (9) (a) A specified public agency intending to develop its land shall submit to the land
             466      use authority a development plan and schedule:
             467          (i) as early as practicable in the development process, but no later than the
             468      commencement of construction; and
             469          (ii) with sufficient detail to enable the land use authority to assess:
             470          (A) the specified public agency's compliance with applicable land use ordinances;
             471          (B) the demand for public facilities listed in Subsections 11-36-102 (14)(a), (b), (c), (d),
             472      (e), and (g) caused by the development;
             473          (C) the amount of any applicable fee listed in Subsection 10-9a-510 (5);
             474          (D) any credit against an impact fee; and
             475          (E) the potential for waiving an impact fee.
             476          (b) The land use authority shall respond to a specified public agency's submission
             477      under Subsection (9)(a) with reasonable promptness in order to allow the specified public


             478      agency to consider information the municipality provides under Subsection (9)(a)(ii) in the
             479      process of preparing the budget for the development.
             480          (10) Nothing in this section may be construed to:
             481          (a) modify or supersede Section 10-9a-304 [.]; or
             482          (b) authorize a municipality to enforce an ordinance in a way, or enact an ordinance,
             483      that fails to comply with Title 57, Chapter 21, Utah Fair Housing Act, the federal Fair Housing
             484      Amendments Act of 1988, 42 U.S.C. Sec. 3601 et seq., the Americans with Disabilities Act of
             485      1990, 42 U.S.C. 12102, or any other provision of federal law.
             486          Section 3. Section 17-27a-103 is amended to read:
             487           17-27a-103. Definitions.
             488          As used in this chapter:
             489          (1) "Affected entity" means a county, municipality, local district, special service
             490      district under Title 17D, Chapter 1, Special Service District Act, school district, interlocal
             491      cooperation entity established under Title 11, Chapter 13, Interlocal Cooperation Act, specified
             492      property owner, property owners association, public utility, or the Utah Department of
             493      Transportation, if:
             494          (a) the entity's services or facilities are likely to require expansion or significant
             495      modification because of an intended use of land;
             496          (b) the entity has filed with the county a copy of the entity's general or long-range plan;
             497      or
             498          (c) the entity has filed with the county a request for notice during the same calendar
             499      year and before the county provides notice to an affected entity in compliance with a
             500      requirement imposed under this chapter.
             501          (2) "Appeal authority" means the person, board, commission, agency, or other body
             502      designated by ordinance to decide an appeal of a decision of a land use application or a
             503      variance.
             504          (3) "Billboard" means a freestanding ground sign located on industrial, commercial, or
             505      residential property if the sign is designed or intended to direct attention to a business, product,


             506      or service that is not sold, offered, or existing on the property where the sign is located.
             507          (4) (a) "Charter school" [includes] means:
             508          [(a)] (i) an operating charter school;
             509          [(b)] (ii) a charter school applicant that has its application approved by a chartering
             510      entity in accordance with Title 53A, Chapter 1a, Part 5, The Utah Charter Schools Act; [and] or
             511          [(c)] (iii) an entity who is working on behalf of a charter school or approved charter
             512      applicant to develop or construct a charter school building.
             513          (b) "Charter school" does not include a therapeutic school.
             514          (5) "Chief executive officer" means the person or body that exercises the executive
             515      powers of the county.
             516          (6) "Conditional use" means a land use that, because of its unique characteristics or
             517      potential impact on the county, surrounding neighbors, or adjacent land uses, may not be
             518      compatible in some areas or may be compatible only if certain conditions are required that
             519      mitigate or eliminate the detrimental impacts.
             520          (7) "Constitutional taking" means a governmental action that results in a taking of
             521      private property so that compensation to the owner of the property is required by the:
             522          (a) Fifth or Fourteenth Amendment of the Constitution of the United States; or
             523          (b) Utah Constitution Article I, Section 22.
             524          (8) "Culinary water authority" means the department, agency, or public entity with
             525      responsibility to review and approve the feasibility of the culinary water system and sources for
             526      the subject property.
             527          (9) "Development activity" means:
             528          (a) any construction or expansion of a building, structure, or use that creates additional
             529      demand and need for public facilities;
             530          (b) any change in use of a building or structure that creates additional demand and need
             531      for public facilities; or
             532          (c) any change in the use of land that creates additional demand and need for public
             533      facilities.


             534          (10) (a) "Disability" means a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits
             535      one or more of a person's major life activities, including a person having a record of such an
             536      impairment or being regarded as having such an impairment.
             537          (b) "Disability" does not include current illegal use of, or addiction to, any federally
             538      controlled substance, as defined in Section 102 of the Controlled Substances Act, 21 U.S.C.
             539      802.
             540          (11) "Educational facility":
             541          (a) means:
             542          (i) a school district's building at which pupils assemble to receive instruction in a
             543      program for any combination of grades from preschool through grade 12, including
             544      kindergarten and a program for children with disabilities;
             545          (ii) a structure or facility:
             546          (A) located on the same property as a building described in Subsection (11)(a)(i); and
             547          (B) used in support of the use of that building; and
             548          (iii) a building to provide office and related space to a school district's administrative
             549      personnel; and
             550          (b) does not include:
             551          (i) land or a structure, including land or a structure for inventory storage, equipment
             552      storage, food processing or preparing, vehicle storage or maintenance, or similar use that is:
             553          [(i)] (A) not located on the same property as a building described in Subsection
             554      (11)(a)(i); and
             555          [(ii)] (B) used in support of the purposes of a building described in Subsection
             556      (11)(a)(i)[.]; or
             557          (ii) a therapeutic school.
             558          (12) "Elderly person" means a person who is 60 years old or older, who desires or
             559      needs to live with other elderly persons in a group setting, but who is capable of living
             560      independently.
             561          (13) "Fire authority" means the department, agency, or public entity with responsibility


             562      to review and approve the feasibility of fire protection and suppression services for the subject
             563      property.
             564          (14) "Flood plain" means land that:
             565          (a) is within the 100-year flood plain designated by the Federal Emergency
             566      Management Agency; or
             567          (b) has not been studied or designated by the Federal Emergency Management Agency
             568      but presents a likelihood of experiencing chronic flooding or a catastrophic flood event because
             569      the land has characteristics that are similar to those of a 100-year flood plain designated by the
             570      Federal Emergency Management Agency.
             571          (15) "Gas corporation" has the same meaning as defined in Section 54-2-1 .
             572          (16) "General plan" means a document that a county adopts that sets forth general
             573      guidelines for proposed future development of the unincorporated land within the county.
             574          (17) "Geologic hazard" means:
             575          (a) a surface fault rupture;
             576          (b) shallow groundwater;
             577          (c) liquefaction;
             578          (d) a landslide;
             579          (e) a debris flow;
             580          (f) unstable soil;
             581          (g) a rock fall; or
             582          (h) any other geologic condition that presents a risk:
             583          (i) to life;
             584          (ii) of substantial loss of real property; or
             585          (iii) of substantial damage to real property.
             586          (18) "Internal lot restriction" means a platted note, platted demarcation, or platted
             587      designation that:
             588          (a) runs with the land; and
             589          (b) (i) creates a restriction that is enclosed within the perimeter of a lot described on


             590      the plat; or
             591          (ii) designates a development condition that is enclosed within the perimeter of a lot
             592      described on the plat.
             593          (19) "Hookup fee" means a fee for the installation and inspection of any pipe, line,
             594      meter, or appurtenance to connect to a county water, sewer, storm water, power, or other utility
             595      system.
             596          (20) "Identical plans" means building plans submitted to a county that are substantially
             597      identical building plans that were previously submitted to and reviewed and approved by the
             598      county and describe a building that is:
             599          (a) located on land zoned the same as the land on which the building described in the
             600      previously approved plans is located; and
             601          (b) subject to the same geological and meteorological conditions and the same law as
             602      the building described in the previously approved plans.
             603          (21) "Impact fee" means a payment of money imposed under Title 11, Chapter 36,
             604      Impact Fees Act.
             605          (22) "Improvement assurance" means a surety bond, letter of credit, cash, or other
             606      security:
             607          (a) to guaranty the proper completion of an improvement;
             608          (b) that is required as a condition precedent to:
             609          (i) recording a subdivision plat; or
             610          (ii) beginning development activity; and
             611          (c) that is offered to a land use authority to induce the land use authority, before actual
             612      construction of required improvements, to:
             613          (i) consent to the recording of a subdivision plat; or
             614          (ii) issue a permit for development activity.
             615          (23) "Improvement assurance warranty" means a promise that the materials and
             616      workmanship of improvements:
             617          (a) comport with standards that the county has officially adopted; and


             618          (b) will not fail in any material respect within a warranty period.
             619          (24) "Interstate pipeline company" means a person or entity engaged in natural gas
             620      transportation subject to the jurisdiction of the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission under
             621      the Natural Gas Act, 15 U.S.C. Sec. 717 et seq.
             622          (25) "Intrastate pipeline company" means a person or entity engaged in natural gas
             623      transportation that is not subject to the jurisdiction of the Federal Energy Regulatory
             624      Commission under the Natural Gas Act, 15 U.S.C. Sec. 717 et seq.
             625          (26) "Land use application" means an application required by a county's land use
             626      ordinance.
             627          (27) "Land use authority" means a person, board, commission, agency, or other body
             628      designated by the local legislative body to act upon a land use application.
             629          (28) "Land use ordinance" means a planning, zoning, development, or subdivision
             630      ordinance of the county, but does not include the general plan.
             631          (29) "Land use permit" means a permit issued by a land use authority.
             632          (30) "Legislative body" means the county legislative body, or for a county that has
             633      adopted an alternative form of government, the body exercising legislative powers.
             634          (31) "Local district" means any entity under Title 17B, Limited Purpose Local
             635      Government Entities - Local Districts, and any other governmental or quasi-governmental
             636      entity that is not a county, municipality, school district, or the state.
             637          (32) "Lot line adjustment" means the relocation of the property boundary line in a
             638      subdivision between two adjoining lots with the consent of the owners of record.
             639          (33) "Moderate income housing" means housing occupied or reserved for occupancy
             640      by households with a gross household income equal to or less than 80% of the median gross
             641      income for households of the same size in the county in which the housing is located.
             642          (34) "Nominal fee" means a fee that reasonably reimburses a county only for time spent
             643      and expenses incurred in:
             644          (a) verifying that building plans are identical plans; and
             645          (b) reviewing and approving those minor aspects of identical plans that differ from the


             646      previously reviewed and approved building plans.
             647          (35) "Noncomplying structure" means a structure that:
             648          (a) legally existed before its current land use designation; and
             649          (b) because of one or more subsequent land use ordinance changes, does not conform
             650      to the setback, height restrictions, or other regulations, excluding those regulations that govern
             651      the use of land.
             652          (36) "Nonconforming use" means a use of land that:
             653          (a) legally existed before its current land use designation;
             654          (b) has been maintained continuously since the time the land use ordinance regulation
             655      governing the land changed; and
             656          (c) because of one or more subsequent land use ordinance changes, does not conform
             657      to the regulations that now govern the use of the land.
             658          (37) "Official map" means a map drawn by county authorities and recorded in the
             659      county recorder's office that:
             660          (a) shows actual and proposed rights-of-way, centerline alignments, and setbacks for
             661      highways and other transportation facilities;
             662          (b) provides a basis for restricting development in designated rights-of-way or between
             663      designated setbacks to allow the government authorities time to purchase or otherwise reserve
             664      the land; and
             665          (c) has been adopted as an element of the county's general plan.
             666          (38) "Person" means an individual, corporation, partnership, organization, association,
             667      trust, governmental agency, or any other legal entity.
             668          (39) "Plan for moderate income housing" means a written document adopted by a
             669      county legislative body that includes:
             670          (a) an estimate of the existing supply of moderate income housing located within the
             671      county;
             672          (b) an estimate of the need for moderate income housing in the county for the next five
             673      years as revised biennially;


             674          (c) a survey of total residential land use;
             675          (d) an evaluation of how existing land uses and zones affect opportunities for moderate
             676      income housing; and
             677          (e) a description of the county's program to encourage an adequate supply of moderate
             678      income housing.
             679          (40) "Plat" means a map or other graphical representation of lands being laid out and
             680      prepared in accordance with Section 17-27a-603 , 17-23-17 , or 57-8-13 .
             681          (41) "Potential geologic hazard area" means an area that:
             682          (a) is designated by a Utah Geological Survey map, county geologist map, or other
             683      relevant map or report as needing further study to determine the area's potential for geologic
             684      hazard; or
             685          (b) has not been studied by the Utah Geological Survey or a county geologist but
             686      presents the potential of geologic hazard because the area has characteristics similar to those of
             687      a designated geologic hazard area.
             688          (42) "Public agency" means:
             689          (a) the federal government;
             690          (b) the state;
             691          (c) a county, municipality, school district, local district, special service district, or other
             692      political subdivision of the state; or
             693          (d) a charter school.
             694          (43) "Public hearing" means a hearing at which members of the public are provided a
             695      reasonable opportunity to comment on the subject of the hearing.
             696          (44) "Public meeting" means a meeting that is required to be open to the public under
             697      Title 52, Chapter 4, Open and Public Meetings Act.
             698          (45) "Receiving zone" means an unincorporated area of a county that the county's land
             699      use authority designates as an area in which an owner of land may receive transferrable
             700      development rights.
             701          (46) "Record of survey map" means a map of a survey of land prepared in accordance


             702      with Section 17-23-17 .
             703          (47) "Residential facility for elderly persons" means a single-family or multiple-family
             704      dwelling unit that meets the requirements of Section 17-27a-515 , but does not include a health
             705      care facility as defined by Section 26-21-2 .
             706          (48) "Residential facility for persons with a disability" means a residence:
             707          (a) in which more than one person with a disability resides; and
             708          (b) (i) is licensed or certified by the Department of Human Services under Title 62A,
             709      Chapter 2, Licensure of Programs and Facilities; or
             710          (ii) is licensed or certified by the Department of Health under Title 26, Chapter 21,
             711      Health Care Facility Licensing and Inspection Act.
             712          (49) "Sanitary sewer authority" means the department, agency, or public entity with
             713      responsibility to review and approve the feasibility of sanitary sewer services or onsite
             714      wastewater systems.
             715          (50) "Sending zone" means an unincorporated area of a county that the county's land
             716      use authority designates as an area from which an owner of land may transfer transferrable
             717      development rights to an owner of land in a receiving zone.
             718          (51) "Specified public agency" means:
             719          (a) the state;
             720          (b) a school district; or
             721          (c) a charter school.
             722          (52) "Specified public utility" means an electrical corporation, gas corporation, or
             723      telephone corporation, as those terms are defined in Section 54-2-1 .
             724          (53) "State" includes any department, division, or agency of the state.
             725          (54) "Street" means a public right-of-way, including a highway, avenue, boulevard,
             726      parkway, road, lane, walk, alley, viaduct, subway, tunnel, bridge, public easement, or other
             727      way.
             728          (55) (a) "Subdivision" means any land that is divided, resubdivided or proposed to be
             729      divided into two or more lots, parcels, sites, units, plots, or other division of land for the


             730      purpose, whether immediate or future, for offer, sale, lease, or development either on the
             731      installment plan or upon any and all other plans, terms, and conditions.
             732          (b) "Subdivision" includes:
             733          (i) the division or development of land whether by deed, metes and bounds description,
             734      devise and testacy, map, plat, or other recorded instrument; and
             735          (ii) except as provided in Subsection (55) (c), divisions of land for residential and
             736      nonresidential uses, including land used or to be used for commercial, agricultural, and
             737      industrial purposes.
             738          (c) "Subdivision" does not include:
             739          (i) a bona fide division or partition of agricultural land for agricultural purposes;
             740          (ii) a recorded agreement between owners of adjoining properties adjusting their
             741      mutual boundary if:
             742          (A) no new lot is created; and
             743          (B) the adjustment does not violate applicable land use ordinances;
             744          (iii) a recorded document, executed by the owner of record:
             745          (A) revising the legal description of more than one contiguous unsubdivided parcel of
             746      property into one legal description encompassing all such parcels of property; or
             747          (B) joining a subdivided parcel of property to another parcel of property that has not
             748      been subdivided, if the joinder does not violate applicable land use ordinances;
             749          (iv) a bona fide division or partition of land in a county other than a first class county
             750      for the purpose of siting, on one or more of the resulting separate parcels:
             751          (A) an electrical transmission line or a substation;
             752          (B) a natural gas pipeline or a regulation station; or
             753          (C) an unmanned telecommunications, microwave, fiber optic, electrical, or other
             754      utility service regeneration, transformation, retransmission, or amplification facility;
             755          (v) a recorded agreement between owners of adjoining subdivided properties adjusting
             756      their mutual boundary if:
             757          (A) no new dwelling lot or housing unit will result from the adjustment; and


             758          (B) the adjustment will not violate any applicable land use ordinance; or
             759          (vi) a bona fide division or partition of land by deed or other instrument where the land
             760      use authority expressly approves in writing the division in anticipation of further land use
             761      approvals on the parcel or parcels.
             762          (d) The joining of a subdivided parcel of property to another parcel of property that has
             763      not been subdivided does not constitute a subdivision under this Subsection (55) as to the
             764      unsubdivided parcel of property or subject the unsubdivided parcel to the county's subdivision
             765      ordinance.
             766          (56) "Therapeutic school" means a residential group living facility:
             767          (a) for four or more individuals who are not related to:
             768          (i) the owner of the facility; or
             769          (ii) the primary service provider of the facility;
             770          (b) that serves students who have a history of failing to function:
             771          (i) at home;
             772          (ii) in a public school; or
             773          (iii) in a nonresidential private school; and
             774          (c) that offers:
             775          (i) room and board; and
             776          (ii) an academic education integrated with:
             777          (A) specialized structure and supervision; or
             778          (B) services or treatment related to a disability, an emotional development, a
             779      behavioral development, a familial development, or a social development.
             780          [(56)] (57) "Township" means a contiguous, geographically defined portion of the
             781      unincorporated area of a county, established under this part or reconstituted or reinstated under
             782      Section 17-27a-306 , with planning and zoning functions as exercised through the township
             783      planning commission, as provided in this chapter, but with no legal or political identity
             784      separate from the county and no taxing authority, except that "township" means a former
             785      township under Laws of Utah 1996, Chapter 308, where the context so indicates.


             786          [(57)] (58) "Transferrable development right" means the entitlement to develop land
             787      within a sending zone that would vest according to the county's existing land use ordinances on
             788      the date that a completed land use application is filed seeking the approval of development
             789      activity on the land.
             790          [(58)] (59) "Unincorporated" means the area outside of the incorporated area of a
             791      municipality.
             792          [(59)] (60) "Water interest" means any right to the beneficial use of water, including:
             793          (a) each of the rights listed in Section 73-1-11 ; and
             794          (b) an ownership interest in the right to the beneficial use of water represented by:
             795          (i) a contract; or
             796          (ii) a share in a water company, as defined in Section 73-3-3.5 .
             797          [(60)] (61) "Zoning map" means a map, adopted as part of a land use ordinance, that
             798      depicts land use zones, overlays, or districts.
             799          Section 4. Section 17-27a-305 is amended to read:
             800           17-27a-305. Other entities required to conform to county's land use ordinances --
             801      Exceptions -- School districts and charter schools -- Submission of development plan and
             802      schedule.
             803          (1) (a) Each county, municipality, school district, charter school, local district, special
             804      service district, and political subdivision of the state shall conform to any applicable land use
             805      ordinance of any county when installing, constructing, operating, or otherwise using any area,
             806      land, or building situated within the unincorporated portion of the county.
             807          (b) In addition to any other remedies provided by law, when a county's land use
             808      ordinance is violated or about to be violated by another political subdivision, that county may
             809      institute an injunction, mandamus, abatement, or other appropriate action or proceeding to
             810      prevent, enjoin, abate, or remove the improper installation, improvement, or use.
             811          (2) (a) Notwithstanding Subsection (1), a public transit district under Title 17B,
             812      Chapter 2a, Part 8, Public Transit District Act, is not required to conform to any applicable
             813      land use ordinance of a county of the first class when constructing a:


             814          (i) rail fixed guideway public transit facility that extends across two or more counties;
             815      or
             816          (ii) structure that serves a rail fixed guideway public transit facility that extends across
             817      two or more counties, including:
             818          (A) platforms;
             819          (B) passenger terminals or stations;
             820          (C) park and ride facilities;
             821          (D) maintenance facilities;
             822          (E) all related utility lines, roadways, and other facilities serving the public transit
             823      facility; or
             824          (F) other auxiliary facilities.
             825          (b) The exemption from county land use ordinances under this Subsection (2) does not
             826      extend to any property not necessary for the construction or operation of a rail fixed guideway
             827      public transit facility.
             828          (c) A county of the first class may not, through an agreement under Title 11, Chapter
             829      13, Interlocal Cooperation Act, require a public transit district under Title 17B, Chapter 2a,
             830      Part 8, Public Transit District Act, to obtain approval from the county prior to constructing a:
             831          (i) rail fixed guideway public transit facility that extends across two or more counties;
             832      or
             833          (ii) structure that serves a rail fixed guideway public transit facility that extends across
             834      two or more counties, including:
             835          (A) platforms;
             836          (B) passenger terminals or stations;
             837          (C) park and ride facilities;
             838          (D) maintenance facilities;
             839          (E) all related utility lines, roadways, and other facilities serving the public transit
             840      facility; or
             841          (F) other auxiliary facilities.


             842          (3) (a) Except as provided in Subsection (4), a school district or charter school is
             843      subject to a county's land use ordinances.
             844          (b) (i) Notwithstanding Subsection (4), a county may:
             845          (A) subject a charter school to standards within each zone pertaining to setback, height,
             846      bulk and massing regulations, off-site parking, curb cut, traffic circulation, and construction
             847      staging; and
             848          (B) impose regulations upon the location of a project that are necessary to avoid
             849      unreasonable risks to health or safety, as provided in Subsection (4)(f).
             850          (ii) The standards to which a county may subject a charter school under Subsection
             851      (3)(b)(i) shall be objective standards only and may not be subjective.
             852          (iii) Except as provided in Subsection (8)(d), the only basis upon which a county may
             853      deny or withhold approval of a charter school's land use application is the charter school's
             854      failure to comply with a standard imposed under Subsection (3)(b)(i).
             855          (iv) Nothing in Subsection (3)(b)(iii) may be construed to relieve a charter school of an
             856      obligation to comply with a requirement of an applicable building or safety code to which it is
             857      otherwise obligated to comply.
             858          (4) A county may not:
             859          (a) impose requirements for landscaping, fencing, aesthetic considerations,
             860      construction methods or materials, additional building inspections, county building codes,
             861      building use for educational purposes, or the placement or use of temporary classroom facilities
             862      on school property;
             863          (b) except as otherwise provided in this section, require a school district or charter
             864      school to participate in the cost of any roadway or sidewalk, or a study on the impact of a
             865      school on a roadway or sidewalk, that is not reasonably necessary for the safety of school
             866      children and not located on or contiguous to school property, unless the roadway or sidewalk is
             867      required to connect an otherwise isolated school site to an existing roadway;
             868          (c) require a district or charter school to pay fees not authorized by this section;
             869          (d) provide for inspection of school construction or assess a fee or other charges for


             870      inspection, unless the school district or charter school is unable to provide for inspection by an
             871      inspector, other than the project architect or contractor, who is qualified under criteria
             872      established by the state superintendent;
             873          (e) require a school district or charter school to pay any impact fee for an improvement
             874      project unless the impact fee is imposed as provided in Title 11, Chapter 36, Impact Fees Act;
             875          (f) impose regulations upon the location of an educational facility except as necessary
             876      to avoid unreasonable risks to health or safety; or
             877          (g) for a land use or a structure owned or operated by a school district or charter school
             878      that is not an educational facility but is used in support of providing instruction to pupils,
             879      impose a regulation that:
             880          (i) is not imposed on a similar land use or structure in the zone in which the land use or
             881      structure is approved; or
             882          (ii) uses the tax exempt status of the school district or charter school as criteria for
             883      prohibiting or regulating the land use or location of the structure.
             884          (5) Subject to Section 53A-20-108 , a school district or charter school shall coordinate
             885      the siting of a new school with the county in which the school is to be located, to:
             886          (a) avoid or mitigate existing and potential traffic hazards, including consideration of
             887      the impacts between the new school and future highways; and
             888          (b) maximize school, student, and site safety.
             889          (6) Notwithstanding Subsection (4)(d), a county may, at its discretion:
             890          (a) provide a walk-through of school construction at no cost and at a time convenient to
             891      the district or charter school; and
             892          (b) provide recommendations based upon the walk-through.
             893          (7) (a) Notwithstanding Subsection (4)(d), a school district or charter school shall use:
             894          (i) a county building inspector;
             895          (ii) (A) for a school district, a school district building inspector from that school
             896      district; or
             897          (B) for a charter school, a school district building inspector from the school district in


             898      which the charter school is located; or
             899          (iii) an independent, certified building inspector who is:
             900          (A) not an employee of the contractor;
             901          (B) approved by:
             902          (I) a county building inspector; or
             903          (II) (Aa) for a school district, a school district building inspector from that school
             904      district; or
             905          (Bb) for a charter school, a school district building inspector from the school district in
             906      which the charter school is located; and
             907          (C) licensed to perform the inspection that the inspector is requested to perform.
             908          (b) The approval under Subsection (7)(a)(iii)(B) may not be unreasonably withheld.
             909          (c) If a school district or charter school uses a school district or independent building
             910      inspector under Subsection (7)(a)(ii) or (iii), the school district or charter school shall submit to
             911      the state superintendent of public instruction and county building official, on a monthly basis
             912      during construction of the school building, a copy of each inspection certificate regarding the
             913      school building.
             914          (8) (a) A charter school shall be considered a permitted use in all zoning districts
             915      within a county.
             916          (b) Each land use application for any approval required for a charter school, including
             917      an application for a building permit, shall be processed on a first priority basis.
             918          (c) Parking requirements for a charter school may not exceed the minimum parking
             919      requirements for schools or other institutional public uses throughout the county.
             920          (d) If a county has designated zones for a sexually oriented business, or a business
             921      which sells alcohol, a charter school may be prohibited from a location which would otherwise
             922      defeat the purpose for the zone unless the charter school provides a waiver.
             923          (e) (i) A school district or a charter school may seek a certificate authorizing permanent
             924      occupancy of a school building from:
             925          (A) the state superintendent of public instruction, as provided in Subsection


             926      53A-20-104 (3), if the school district or charter school used an independent building inspector
             927      for inspection of the school building; or
             928          (B) a county official with authority to issue the certificate, if the school district or
             929      charter school used a county building inspector for inspection of the school building.
             930          (ii) A school district may issue its own certificate authorizing permanent occupancy of
             931      a school building if it used its own building inspector for inspection of the school building,
             932      subject to the notification requirement of Subsection 53A-20-104 (3)(a)(ii).
             933          (iii) A charter school may seek a certificate authorizing permanent occupancy of a
             934      school building from a school district official with authority to issue the certificate, if the
             935      charter school used a school district building inspector for inspection of the school building.
             936          (iv) A certificate authorizing permanent occupancy issued by the state superintendent
             937      of public instruction under Subsection 53A-20-104 (3) or a school district official with authority
             938      to issue the certificate shall be considered to satisfy any county requirement for an inspection or
             939      a certificate of occupancy.
             940          (9) (a) A specified public agency intending to develop its land shall submit to the land
             941      use authority a development plan and schedule:
             942          (i) as early as practicable in the development process, but no later than the
             943      commencement of construction; and
             944          (ii) with sufficient detail to enable the land use authority to assess:
             945          (A) the specified public agency's compliance with applicable land use ordinances;
             946          (B) the demand for public facilities listed in Subsections 11-36-102 (14)(a), (b), (c), (d),
             947      (e), and (g) caused by the development;
             948          (C) the amount of any applicable fee listed in Subsection 17-27a-509 (5);
             949          (D) any credit against an impact fee; and
             950          (E) the potential for waiving an impact fee.
             951          (b) The land use authority shall respond to a specified public agency's submission
             952      under Subsection (9)(a) with reasonable promptness in order to allow the specified public
             953      agency to consider information the municipality provides under Subsection (9)(a)(ii) in the


             954      process of preparing the budget for the development.
             955          (10) Nothing in this section may be construed to:
             956          (a) modify or supersede Section 17-27a-304 [.]; or
             957          (b) authorize a county to enforce an ordinance in a way, or enact an ordinance, that
             958      fails to comply with Title 57, Chapter 21, Utah Fair Housing Act, the federal Fair Housing
             959      Amendments Act of 1988, 42 U.S.C. Sec. 3601 et seq., the Americans with Disabilities Act of
             960      1990, 42 U.S.C. 12102, or any other provision of federal law.


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