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H.B. 497 Enrolled

             1     

UTAH ILLEGAL IMMIGRATION ENFORCEMENT ACT

             2     
2011 GENERAL SESSION

             3     
STATE OF UTAH

             4     
Chief Sponsor: Stephen E. Sandstrom

             5     
Senate Sponsor: Margaret Dayton

             6      Cosponsors:
             7      Roger E. Barrus
             8      Derek E. Brown
             9      Melvin R. Brown
             10      David G. Butterfield
             11      David Clark
             12      Brad L. Dee
             13      Susan Duckworth
             14      Julie Fisher
             15      Gage Froerer
             16      Brad J. Galvez
             17      Francis D. Gibson
             18      Richard A. Greenwood
Keith GroverStephen G. Handy
Neal B. Hendrickson
Christopher N. Herrod
Gregory H. Hughes
Don L. Ipson
Bradley G. Last
John G. Mathis
Michael T. Morley
Merlynn T. Newbold
Jim Nielson
Michael E. Noel
Curtis Oda
Patrick PainterLee B. Perry
Val L. Peterson
Dixon M. Pitcher
Kraig Powell
Paul Ray
Holly J. Richardson
Douglas Sagers
Kenneth W. Sumsion
Evan J. Vickers
Ryan D. Wilcox
Brad R. Wilson
Carl Wimmer              19     
             20      LONG TITLE
             21      General Description:
             22          This bill modifies state law and enacts "The Illegal Immigration Enforcement Act."
             23      Highlighted Provisions:
             24          This bill:
             25          .    requires that an officer verify the immigration status of a person arrested for a
             26      felony or a class A misdemeanor and a person booked for class B or C
             27      misdemeanors and requires that an officer attempt to verify immigration status for a


             28      person detained for a class B or C misdemeanor;
             29          .    provides enforcement exceptions regarding an officer's verifying immigration
             30      status;
             31          .    clarifies when passengers in a vehicle where the operator has been detained may
             32      also be questioned and their immigration status verified;
             33          .    requires that a law enforcement officer may not consider race, color, or national
             34      origin, except as permitted by Utah and United States constitutions;
             35          .    states grounds for a presumption of a person's lawful presence in the United States;
             36          .    provides for transportation of an illegal alien to federal custody by a state or local
             37      law enforcement officer;
             38          .    provides that a state or local agency may not limit by ordinance, regulation, or
             39      policy the authority of any law enforcement or other governmental agency to assist
             40      the federal government in the enforcement of any federal immigration law,
             41      including the federal requirement to register as an alien or possess an alien
             42      registration document;
             43          .    provides that any state or local governmental agency is not restricted in sending,
             44      receiving, or maintaining immigration status information of any person in carrying
             45      out the agency's lawful purposes;
             46          .    requires verification of immigration status regarding application for public services
             47      or benefits provided by a state or local governmental agency or subcontractor,
             48      except as exempted by federal law;
             49          .    provides that this bill does not implement or authorize the federal REAL ID Act to
             50      any extent not currently provided by state law;
             51          .    amends the current state law prohibiting transporting or harboring illegal aliens by
             52      removing the limitation to transportation of the alien for a distance greater than 100
             53      miles;
             54          .    prohibits the encouraging or inducing of an illegal alien to come to or reside in
             55      Utah; and


             56          .    amends peace officer arrest authority to include making an arrest when the officer
             57      has reasonable cause to believe the person is an alien:
             58              .    subject to an immigration removal order; and
             59              .    regarding whom a detainer warrant has been issued who has committed or been
             60      charged with a felony in another state.
             61      Money Appropriated in this Bill:
             62          None
             63      Other Special Clauses:
             64          This bill coordinates with S.B. 288, Utah Immigration Enforcement Amendments, by
             65      providing substantive amendments.
             66      Utah Code Sections Affected:
             67      AMENDS:
             68          76-10-2901, as enacted by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 26
             69          77-7-2, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 293
             70      ENACTS:
             71          76-9-1001, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             72          76-9-1002, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             73          76-9-1003, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             74          76-9-1004, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             75          76-9-1005, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             76          76-9-1006, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             77          76-9-1007, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             78          76-9-1008, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             79          76-9-1009, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             80      Utah Code Sections Affected by Coordination Clause:
             81          76-9-1001, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             82          76-9-1002, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             83          76-9-1003, Utah Code Annotated 1953


             84          76-9-1004, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             85          76-9-1005, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             86          76-10-2901, as enacted by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 26
             87          77-7-2, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 293
             88     
             89      Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
             90          Section 1. Section 76-9-1001 is enacted to read:
             91     
Part 10. The Illegal Immigration Enforcement Act

             92          76-9-1001. Title.
             93          This part is known as "The Illegal Immigration Enforcement Act."
             94          Section 2. Section 76-9-1002 is enacted to read:
             95          76-9-1002. Definitions.
             96          As used in this part:
             97          (1) "Alien" means a person who is not a citizen or national of the United States.
             98          (2) "ICE" means the federal Immigration and Customs Enforcement agency of the
             99      United States Department of Homeland Security.
             100          (3) "Law enforcement officer" has the same meaning as in Section 53-13-103 .
             101          (4) "SAVE program" means the federal Systematic Alien Verification for Entitlements
             102      program operated by the federal Department of Homeland Security.
             103          (5) "State or local governmental agency" includes any private contractor or vendor that
             104      contracts with the agency to provide the agency's functions or services.
             105          (6) "Verify immigration status" or "verification of immigration status" means the
             106      determination of a person's immigration status by:
             107          (a) a law enforcement officer who is authorized by a federal agency to determine an
             108      alien's immigration status; or
             109          (b) the United States Department of Homeland Security, ICE, or other federal agency
             110      authorized to provide immigration status as provided by 8 U.S.C. Sec. 1373(c).
             111          Section 3. Section 76-9-1003 is enacted to read:


             112          76-9-1003. Detention or arrest -- Determination of immigration status.
             113          (1) (a) Except as provided in Subsection (1)(b), (c), or (d), any law enforcement officer
             114      who, acting in the enforcement of any state law or local ordinance, conducts any lawful stop,
             115      detention, or arrest of a person as specified in Subsection (1)(a)(i) or (ii), and the person is
             116      unable to provide to the law enforcement officer a document listed in Subsection 76-9-1004 (1)
             117      and the officer is otherwise unable to verify the identity of the person, the officer:
             118          (i) shall request verification of the citizenship or the immigration status of the person
             119      under 8 U.S.C. Sec. 1373(c), except as allowed under Subsection (1)(b), (c), or (d), if the
             120      person is arrested for an alleged offense that is a class A misdemeanor or a felony; and
             121          (ii) may attempt to verify the immigration status of the person, except as exempted
             122      under Subsection (1)(b), (c), or (d), if the alleged offense is a class B or C misdemeanor, except
             123      that if the person is arrested and booked for a class B or C misdemeanor, the arresting law
             124      enforcement officer or the law enforcement agency booking the person shall attempt to verify
             125      the immigration status of the person.
             126          (b) In individual cases, the law enforcement officer may forego the verification of
             127      immigration status under Subsection (1)(a) if the determination could hinder or obstruct a
             128      criminal investigation.
             129          (c) Subsection (1)(a) does not apply to a law enforcement officer who is acting as a
             130      school resource officer for any elementary or secondary school.
             131          (d) Subsection (1)(a) does not apply to a county or municipality when it has only one
             132      law enforcement officer on duty and response support from another law enforcement agency is
             133      not available.
             134          (2) When a law enforcement officer makes a lawful stop, detention, or arrest under
             135      Subsection (1) of the operator of a vehicle, and while investigating or processing the primary
             136      offense, the officer makes observations that give the officer reasonable suspicion that the
             137      operator or any of the passengers in the vehicle are violating Section 76-5-309 , 76-5-310 , or
             138      76-10-2901 , which concern smuggling and transporting illegal aliens, the officer shall, to the
             139      extent possible within a reasonable period of time:


             140          (a) detain the occupants of the vehicle to investigate the suspected violations; and
             141          (b) inquire regarding the immigration status of the occupants of the vehicle.
             142          (3) When a person under Subsection (1) is arrested or booked into a jail, juvenile
             143      detention facility, or correctional facility, the arresting officer or the booking officer shall
             144      ensure that a request for verification of immigration status of the arrested or booked person is
             145      submitted as promptly as is reasonably possible.
             146          (4) The law enforcement agency that has custody of a person verified to be an illegal
             147      alien shall request that the United States Department of Homeland Security issue a detainer
             148      requesting transfer of the illegal alien into federal custody.
             149          (5) A law enforcement officer may not consider race, color, or national origin in
             150      implementing this section, except to the extent permitted by the constitutions of the United
             151      States and this state.
             152          Section 4. Section 76-9-1004 is enacted to read:
             153          76-9-1004. Grounds for presumption of lawful presence in United States --
             154      Statement to officer.
             155          (1) A person is presumed to be lawfully present in the United States for the purposes of
             156      this part if the person provides one of the following documents to the law enforcement officer,
             157      unless the law enforcement officer has a reasonable suspicion that the document is false or
             158      identifies a person other than the person providing the document:
             159          (a) a valid Utah driver license issued on or after January 1, 2010;
             160          (b) a valid Utah identification card issued under Section 53-3-804 and issued on or
             161      after January 1, 2010;
             162          (c) a valid tribal enrollment card or other valid form of tribal membership identification
             163      that includes photo identification; or
             164          (d) a valid identification document that:
             165          (i) includes a photo or biometric identifier of the holder of the document; and
             166          (ii) is issued by a federal, state, or local governmental agency that requires proof or
             167      verification of legal presence in the United States as a condition of issuance of the document.


             168          (2) A person is presumed to be a citizen or national of the United States for purposes of
             169      this part if the person makes a statement or affirmation to the law enforcement officer that the
             170      person is a United States citizen or national, unless the officer has a reasonable suspicion that
             171      the statement or affirmation is false.
             172          Section 5. Section 76-9-1005 is enacted to read:
             173          76-9-1005. Illegal alien -- Notification of federal government -- Transportation to
             174      federal facility.
             175          A state or local law enforcement agency may securely transport an alien who is in the
             176      agency's custody and whom the agency has verified is unlawfully present in the United States
             177      to a federal detention facility in this state or, with the concurrence of the receiving federal
             178      agency, to a federal facility or other point of transfer to federal custody that is outside this state.
             179          Section 6. Section 76-9-1006 is enacted to read:
             180          76-9-1006. Enforcement of federal immigration laws.
             181          A state or local governmental agency of this state, or any representative of the agency,
             182      may not:
             183          (1) limit or restrict by ordinance, regulation, or policy the authority of any law
             184      enforcement agency or other governmental agency to assist the federal government in the
             185      enforcement of any federal law or regulation governing immigration; or
             186          (2) limit or restrict by ordinance, regulation, or policy the authority of any law
             187      enforcement agency to investigate or enforce any violation of the federal misdemeanor offenses
             188      of willful failure to register as an alien or willful failure to personally possess an alien
             189      registration document as required by 8 U.S.C. Sec. 1304(e) or 1306(a).
             190          Section 7. Section 76-9-1007 is enacted to read:
             191          76-9-1007. Determining an alien's immigration status -- Transfer or maintenance
             192      of information.
             193          (1) Except as limited by federal law, any state or local governmental agency is not
             194      restricted or prohibited in any way from sending, receiving, or maintaining information related
             195      to the lawful or unlawful immigration status of any person by communicating with any federal,


             196      state, or local governmental entity for any lawful purpose, including:
             197          (a) determining a person's eligibility for any public benefit, service, or license provided
             198      by any federal agency, by this state, or by any political subdivision of this state;
             199          (b) confirming a person's claim of residence or domicile if determination is required by
             200      state law or a judicial order issued pursuant to a civil or criminal proceeding in this state;
             201          (c) if the person is an alien, determining if the person is in compliance with the federal
             202      registration laws of Title II, Part 7, Immigration and Nationality Act; or
             203          (d) a valid request for verification of the citizenship or immigration status of any
             204      person pursuant to 8 U.S.C. Sec. 1373.
             205          (2) This section does not implement, authorize, or establish the federal REAL ID Act
             206      of 2005, P.L. 109-13, Division B; 119 Stat. 302, except as provided by Section 53-3-104.5 ,
             207      regarding limitations on the state implementation of the federal REAL ID Act.
             208          Section 8. Section 76-9-1008 is enacted to read:
             209          76-9-1008. Proof of immigration status to receive public benefits.
             210          (1) (a) An agency that provides state or local public benefits as defined in 8 U.S.C. Sec.
             211      1621 shall comply with Section 63G-11-104 and shall also comply with this section, except:
             212          (i) as provided in Subsection 63G-11-104 (4)(g) or (k); or
             213          (ii) when compliance is exempted by federal law or when compliance could reasonably
             214      be expected to be grounds for the federal government to withhold federal Medicaid funding.
             215          (b) The agency shall verify a person's lawful presence in the United States by requiring
             216      that the applicant under this section sign a certificate under penalty of perjury, stating that the
             217      applicant:
             218          (i) is a United States citizen; or
             219          (ii) is a qualified alien as defined by 8 U.S.C. Sec. 1641.
             220          (c) The certificate under Subsection (1)(b) shall include a statement advising the signer
             221      that providing false information subjects the signer to penalties for perjury.
             222          (d) The signature under this Subsection (1) may be executed in person or
             223      electronically.


             224          (e) When an applicant who is a qualified alien has executed the certificate under this
             225      section, the applicant's eligibility for benefits shall be verified by the agency through the federal
             226      SAVE program or an equivalent program designated by the United States Department of
             227      Homeland Security.
             228          (2) Any person who knowingly and willfully makes a false, fictitious, or fraudulent
             229      statement of representation in a certificate executed under this section is guilty of public
             230      assistance fraud under Section 76-8-1205 .
             231          (3) If the certificate constitutes a false claim of United States citizenship under 18
             232      U.S.C. Sec. 911, the agency requiring the certificate shall file a complaint with the United
             233      States Attorney for the applicable federal judicial district based upon the venue in which the
             234      certificate was executed.
             235          (4) Agencies may, with the concurrence of the Utah Attorney General, adopt variations
             236      to the requirements of the provisions of this section that provide for adjudication of unique
             237      individual circumstances where the verification procedures in this section would impose
             238      unusual hardship on a legal resident of this state.
             239          (5) If an agency under Subsection (1) receives verification that a person making an
             240      application for any benefit, service, or license is not a qualified alien, the agency shall provide
             241      the information to the local law enforcement agency for enforcement of Section 76-8-1205
             242      unless prohibited by federal mandate.
             243          Section 9. Section 76-9-1009 is enacted to read:
             244          76-9-1009. Implementation to be consistent with federal law and civil rights.
             245          All state and local agencies shall implement this part in a manner that is consistent with
             246      federal laws that regulate immigration, protect the civil rights of all persons, and establish the
             247      privileges and immunities of United States citizens.
             248          Section 10. Section 76-10-2901 is amended to read:
             249           76-10-2901. Transporting or harboring aliens -- Definition -- Penalties.
             250          (1) [For purposes of] As used in this part, "alien" means an individual who is illegally
             251      present in the United States.


             252          (2) It is unlawful for a person to:
             253          (a) transport, move, or attempt to transport into this state [or for a distance of greater
             254      than 100 miles] or within the state an alien for commercial advantage or private financial gain,
             255      knowing or in reckless disregard of the fact that the alien is in the United States in violation of
             256      federal law, in furtherance of the illegal presence of the alien in the United States; [or]
             257          (b) knowingly, with the intent to violate federal immigration law, conceal, harbor, or
             258      shelter from detection an alien in a place within this state, including a building or means of
             259      transportation for commercial advantage or private financial gain, knowing or in reckless
             260      disregard of the fact that the alien is in the United States in violation of federal law[.];
             261          (c) encourage or induce an alien to come to, enter, or reside in this state, knowing or in
             262      reckless disregard of the fact that the alien's coming to, entry, or residence is or will be in
             263      violation of law; or
             264          (d) engage in any conspiracy, for commercial advantage or private financial gain, to
             265      commit any of the offenses listed in this Subsection (2).
             266          (3) (a) A person who violates Subsection (2)(a), (c), or (d) is guilty of a third degree
             267      felony.
             268          (b) A person who violates Subsection (2)(b) is guilty of a class A misdemeanor.
             269          (4) Nothing in this part prohibits or restricts the provision of:
             270          (a) a state or local public benefit described in 8 U.S.C.[, Section] Sec. 1621(b); or
             271          (b) charitable or humanitarian assistance, including medical care, housing, counseling,
             272      food, victim assistance, religious services and sacraments, and transportation to and from a
             273      location where the assistance is provided, by a charitable, educational, or religious organization
             274      or its employees, agents, or volunteers, using private funds.
             275          (5) (a) It is not a violation of this part for a religious denomination or organization or
             276      an agent, officer, or member of a religious denomination or organization to encourage, invite,
             277      call, allow, or enable an alien to perform the vocation of a minister or missionary for the
             278      denomination or organization in the United States as a volunteer who is not compensated as an
             279      employee, notwithstanding the provision of room, board, travel, medical assistance, and other


             280      basic living expenses.
             281          (b) Subsection (5)(a) applies only to an alien who has been a member of the religious
             282      denomination or organization for at least one year.
             283          Section 11. Section 77-7-2 is amended to read:
             284           77-7-2. Arrest by peace officers.
             285          A peace officer may make an arrest under authority of a warrant or may, without
             286      warrant, arrest a person:
             287          (1) (a) for any public offense committed or attempted in the presence of any peace
             288      officer; and
             289          (b) as used in this Subsection (1), "presence" includes all of the physical senses or any
             290      device that enhances the acuity, sensitivity, or range of any physical sense, or records the
             291      observations of any of the physical senses;
             292          (2) when the peace officer has reasonable cause to believe a felony or a class A
             293      misdemeanor has been committed and has reasonable cause to believe that the person arrested
             294      has committed it;
             295          (3) when the peace officer has reasonable cause to believe the person has committed a
             296      public offense, and there is reasonable cause for believing the person may:
             297          (a) flee or conceal himself to avoid arrest;
             298          (b) destroy or conceal evidence of the commission of the offense; or
             299          (c) injure another person or damage property belonging to another person; [or]
             300          (4) when the peace officer has reasonable cause to believe the person has committed
             301      the offense of failure to disclose identity under Section 76-8-301.5 [.]; or
             302          (5) when the peace officer has reasonable cause to believe that the person is an alien:
             303          (a) subject to a civil removal order issued by an immigration judge;
             304          (b) regarding whom a civil detainer warrant has been issued by the federal Department
             305      of Homeland Security; or
             306          (c) who has been charged or convicted in another state with one or more aggravated
             307      felonies as defined by 8 U.S.C. Sec. 1101(a)(43).


             308          Section 12. Coordinating H.B. 497 with S.B. 288 -- Substantive amendments.
             309          If this H.B. 497 and S.B. 288, Utah Immigration Enforcement Amendments, both pass,
             310      it is the intent of the Legislature that:
             311          (1) Sections 76-9-1001 through 76-9-1005 in this H.B. 497 supersede Sections
             312      76-9-1001 through 76-9-1005 in S.B. 288;
             313          (2) Subsection 76-10-2901 (3)(a) in H.B. 497 supersedes Subsection 76-10-2901 (3)(a)
             314      in S.B. 288; and
             315          (3) Subsection 77-7-2 (5)(d) in S.B. 288 supersedes Subsection 77-7-2 (5)(d) in H.B.
             316      497.


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