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S.B. 106 Enrolled

             1     

SEXUAL EXPLOITATION AMENDMENTS

             2     
2011 GENERAL SESSION

             3     
STATE OF UTAH

             4     
Chief Sponsor: David P. Hinkins

             5     
House Sponsor: Jennifer M. Seelig

             6     
             7      LONG TITLE
             8      General Description:
             9          This bill amends provisions of the Utah Criminal Code relating to sexual exploitation
             10      of minors and vulnerable adults.
             11      Highlighted Provisions:
             12          This bill:
             13          .    defines terms;
             14          .    enacts the Sexual Exploitation Act;
             15          .    consolidates criminal provisions relating to sexual exploitation of a vulnerable adult
             16      and sexual exploitation of a minor;
             17          .    makes legislative findings;
             18          .    modifies and clarifies criminal provisions relating to sexual exploitation of a minor
             19      and sexual exploitation of a vulnerable adult;
             20          .    modifies the conduct that constitutes sexual exploitation of a vulnerable adult;
             21          .    makes sexual exploitation of a vulnerable adult a third degree felony;
             22          .    provides that it is a separate offense of sexual exploitation of a vulnerable adult for
             23      each vulnerable adult depicted, and each time the vulnerable adult is depicted, in
             24      vulnerable adult pornography;
             25          .    provides an affirmative defense to the crime of sexual exploitation of a vulnerable
             26      adult;
             27          .    provides exceptions from criminal and civil liability for legitimate law enforcement
             28      activities;
             29          .    provides that it is not a defense to a crime described in this bill that the accused did


             30      not know the age of the victim; and
             31          .    makes technical changes.
             32      Money Appropriated in this Bill:
             33          None
             34      Other Special Clauses:
             35          This bill provides an effective date.
             36      Utah Code Sections Affected:
             37      AMENDS:
             38          9-7-215, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2004, Chapter 193
             39          31A-21-501, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2009, Chapter 326
             40          53A-6-501, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapters 189 and 190
             41          62A-2-120, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2010, Chapter 365
             42          62A-3-301, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 91
             43          63M-7-502, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2010, Chapter 254
             44          76-1-302, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2009, Chapters 84 and 292
             45          76-3-203.1, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2010, Chapter 193
             46          76-3-203.5, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2010, Chapter 334
             47          76-3-407, as repealed and reenacted by Laws of Utah 2007, Chapter 339
             48          76-5-111, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2007, Chapter 31
             49          76-5-112.5, as repealed and reenacted by Laws of Utah 2009, Chapter 153
             50          76-9-702.5, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2009, Chapters 354 and 366
             51          76-10-1602 (Superseded 07/01/11), as last amended by Laws of Utah 2010, Chapter
             52      334
             53          76-10-1602 (Effective 07/01/11), as last amended by Laws of Utah 2010, Chapters 276
             54      and 334
             55          77-22-2.5, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2010, Chapter 371
             56          77-27-21.5, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2010, Chapters 55, 120, 144, 283, and
             57      328


             58          77-36-1, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2010, Chapters 218 and 384
             59          78A-6-105, as renumbered and amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 3
             60      ENACTS:
             61          76-5b-101, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             62          76-5b-202, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             63          76-5b-302, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             64      RENUMBERS AND AMENDS:
             65          76-5b-102, (Renumbered from 76-5a-1, as last amended by Laws of Utah 1985,
             66      Chapter 226)
             67          76-5b-103, (Renumbered from 76-5a-2, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2001,
             68      Chapter 176)
             69          76-5b-201, (Renumbered from 76-5a-3, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2009,
             70      Chapter 257)
             71          76-5b-301, (Renumbered from 76-5a-4, as last amended by Laws of Utah 1985,
             72      Chapter 226)
             73     
             74      Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
             75          Section 1. Section 9-7-215 is amended to read:
             76           9-7-215. Internet and online access policy required.
             77          (1) As used in this section:
             78          (a) "Child pornography" is as defined in Section [ 76-5a-2 ] 76-5b-103 .
             79          (b) "Harmful to minors" is as defined in Section 76-10-1201 .
             80          (c) "Obscene" is as defined in 20 U.S.C. Sec. 9101.
             81          (d) "Technology protection measure" means a technology that blocks or filters Internet
             82      access to visual depictions.
             83          (2) State funds may not be provided to any public library that offers use of the Internet
             84      or an online service to the public unless the library:
             85          (a) (i) has in place a policy of Internet safety for minors including the operation of a


             86      technology protection measure:
             87          (A) with respect to any publicly accessible computer with Internet access; and
             88          (B) that protects against access to visual depictions that are:
             89          (I) child pornography;
             90          (II) harmful to minors; or
             91          (III) obscene; and
             92          (ii) is enforcing the operation of the technology protection measure described in
             93      Subsection (2)(a)(i) during any use of a computer by a minor; and
             94          (b) (i) has in place a policy of Internet safety including the operation of a technology
             95      protection measure:
             96          (A) with respect to any publicly accessible computer with Internet access; and
             97          (B) that protects against access to visual depictions that are:
             98          (I) child pornography; or
             99          (II) obscene; and
             100          (ii) is enforcing the operation of the technology protection measure described in
             101      Subsection (2)(b)(i) during any use of a computer.
             102          (3) This section does not prohibit a public library from limiting Internet access or
             103      otherwise protecting against materials other than the materials specified in this section.
             104          (4) An administrator, supervisor, or other representative of a public library may disable
             105      a technology protection measure described in Subsection (2):
             106          (a) at the request of a library patron who is not a minor; and
             107          (b) to enable access for research or other lawful purposes.
             108          Section 2. Section 31A-21-501 is amended to read:
             109           31A-21-501. Definitions.
             110          For purposes of this part:
             111          (1) "Applicant" means:
             112          (a) in the case of an individual life or accident and health policy, the person who seeks
             113      to contract for insurance benefits; or


             114          (b) in the case of a group life or accident and health policy, the proposed certificate
             115      holder.
             116          (2) "Cohabitant" means an emancipated individual pursuant to Section 15-2-1 or an
             117      individual who is 16 years of age or older who:
             118          (a) is or was a spouse of the other party;
             119          (b) is or was living as if a spouse of the other party;
             120          (c) is related by blood or marriage to the other party;
             121          (d) has one or more children in common with the other party; or
             122          (e) resides or has resided in the same residence as the other party.
             123          (3) "Child abuse" means the commission or attempt to commit against a child a
             124      criminal offense described in:
             125          (a) Title 76, Chapter 5, Part 1, Assault and Related Offenses;
             126          (b) Title 76, Chapter 5, Part 4, Sexual Offenses;
             127          (c) Subsections 76-9-702 (1) through (4), Lewdness - Sexual battery; or
             128          (d) Section 76-9-702.5 , Lewdness Involving a Child.
             129          (4) "Domestic violence" means any criminal offense involving violence or physical
             130      harm or threat of violence or physical harm, or any attempt, conspiracy, or solicitation to
             131      commit a criminal offense involving violence or physical harm, when committed by one
             132      cohabitant against another and includes commission or attempt to commit, any of the following
             133      offenses by one cohabitant against another:
             134          (a) aggravated assault, as described in Section 76-5-103 ;
             135          (b) assault, as described in Section 76-5-102 ;
             136          (c) criminal homicide, as described in Section 76-5-201 ;
             137          (d) harassment, as described in Section 76-5-106 ;
             138          (e) electronic communication harassment, as described in Section 76-9-201 ;
             139          (f) kidnaping, child kidnaping, or aggravated kidnaping, as described in Sections
             140      76-5-301 , 76-5-301.1 , and 76-5-302 ;
             141          (g) mayhem, as described in Section 76-5-105 ;


             142          (h) sexual offenses, as described in Title 76, Chapter 5, Part 4, and [Title 76, Chapter
             143      5a] Section 76-5b-201 ;
             144          (i) stalking, as described in Section 76-5-106.5 ;
             145          (j) unlawful detention, as described in Section 76-5-304 ;
             146          (k) violation of a protective order or ex parte protective order, as described in Section
             147      76-5-108 ;
             148          (l) any offense against property described in Title 76, Chapter 6, Part 1, 2, or 3;
             149          (m) possession of a deadly weapon with intent to assault, as described in Section
             150      76-10-507 ; or
             151          (n) discharge of a firearm from a vehicle, near a highway, or in the direction of any
             152      person, building, or vehicle, as described in Section 76-10-508 .
             153          (5) "Subject of domestic abuse" means an individual who is, has been, may currently
             154      be, or may have been subject to domestic violence or child abuse.
             155          Section 3. Section 53A-6-501 is amended to read:
             156           53A-6-501. Disciplinary action against educator.
             157          (1) (a) The board shall take appropriate action against a person who is, or at the time of
             158      an alleged offense was, the holder of a license, and:
             159          (i) who, after having had a reasonable opportunity to contest the allegation, has been
             160      found pursuant to a criminal, civil, or administrative action to have exhibited behavior
             161      evidencing unfitness for duty, including immoral, unprofessional, or incompetent conduct, or
             162      other violation of standards of ethical conduct, performance, or professional competence; or
             163          (ii) who has been alleged to have exhibited such behavior or committed such a
             164      violation.
             165          (b) Prior to taking action based upon an allegation or the decision of an administrative
             166      body other than UPPAC, the board shall direct UPPAC to review the allegations and any
             167      related administrative action and provide findings and recommendations to the board.
             168          (c) No adverse recommendation may be made without giving the accused person an
             169      opportunity for a hearing.


             170          (d) The board's action may include:
             171          (i) revocation or suspension of a license;
             172          (ii) restriction or prohibition of recertification;
             173          (iii) a warning or reprimand;
             174          (iv) required participation in and satisfactory completion of a rehabilitation or
             175      remediation program; or
             176          (v) other action which the board finds to be appropriate after a review of the UPPAC
             177      findings and recommendations.
             178          (e) The license holder is responsible for the costs of rehabilitation or remediation
             179      required under this section.
             180          (2) (a) Upon receipt of findings or recommendations from UPPAC, the board shall
             181      permanently revoke the license of a person who:
             182          (i) is convicted of a sexual offense under Title 76, Chapter 5, Part 4, Sexual Offenses,
             183      against a minor child;
             184          (ii) engages in sexually explicit conduct, as defined in Section [ 76-5a-2 ] 76-5b-103 ,
             185      with a student who is a minor; or
             186          (iii) engages in sexually explicit conduct, as defined in Section [ 76-5a-2 ] 76-5b-103 ,
             187      with a student who is:
             188          (A) not a minor; and
             189          (B) enrolled in a school where the person is employed.
             190          (b) Upon receipt of findings or recommendation from UPPAC, the board may
             191      permanently revoke the license of a person who has exhibited other behavior which the board
             192      finds to be irremediable.
             193          Section 4. Section 62A-2-120 is amended to read:
             194           62A-2-120. Criminal background checks -- Direct access to children or
             195      vulnerable adults.
             196          (1) (a) Except as provided in Subsection (7), an applicant for an initial license or a
             197      license renewal under this chapter shall submit to the office the names and other identifying


             198      information, which may include fingerprints, of all persons associated with the licensee, as
             199      defined in Section 62A-2-101 , with direct access to children or vulnerable adults.
             200          (b) The Criminal Investigations and Technical Services Division of the Department of
             201      Public Safety, or the office as authorized under Section 53-10-108 , shall process the
             202      information described in Subsection (1)(a) to determine whether the individual has been
             203      convicted of any crime.
             204          (c) Except as provided in Subsection (1)(d), if an individual has not continuously lived
             205      in Utah for the five years immediately preceding the day on which the information referred to
             206      in Subsection (1)(a) is submitted to the office, the individual shall submit fingerprints for a FBI
             207      national criminal history record check. The fingerprints shall be submitted to the FBI through
             208      the Criminal Investigations and Technical Services Division.
             209          (d) An individual is not required to comply with Subsection (1)(c) if:
             210          (i) the individual continuously lived in Utah for the five years immediately preceding
             211      the day on which the information described in Subsection (1)(a) is submitted to the office,
             212      except for time spent outside of the United States and its territories; and
             213          (ii) the background check of the individual is being conducted for a purpose other than
             214      a purpose described in Subsection (1)(f).
             215          (e) If an applicant described in Subsection (1)(a) spent time outside of the United
             216      States and its territories during the five years immediately preceding the day on which the
             217      information described in Subsection (1)(a) is submitted to the office, the office shall require the
             218      applicant to submit documentation establishing whether the applicant was convicted of a crime
             219      during the time that the applicant spent outside of the United States and its territories.
             220          (f) Notwithstanding Subsections (1)(a) through (e), and except as provided in
             221      Subsection (1)(h), an applicant described in Subsection (1)(a) shall submit fingerprints for an
             222      FBI national criminal history records check, through the Criminal Investigations and Technical
             223      Services Division, if the background check of the applicant is being conducted for the purpose
             224      of:
             225          (i) licensing a prospective foster home; or


             226          (ii) approving a prospective adoptive placement of a child in state custody.
             227          (g) Except as provided in Subsection (1)(h), in addition to the other requirements of
             228      this section, if the background check of an applicant described in Subsection (1)(a) is being
             229      conducted for the purpose of licensing a prospective foster home or approving a prospective
             230      adoptive placement of a child in state custody, the office shall:
             231          (i) check the child abuse and neglect registry in each state where each prospective
             232      foster parent or prospective adoptive parent resided in the five years immediately preceding the
             233      day on which the prospective foster parent or prospective adoptive parent applied to be a foster
             234      parent or adoptive parent, to determine whether the prospective foster parent or prospective
             235      adoptive parent is listed in the registry as having a substantiated or supported finding of child
             236      abuse or neglect; and
             237          (ii) check the child abuse and neglect registry in each state where each adult living in
             238      the home of the prospective foster parent or prospective adoptive parent described in
             239      Subsection (1)(g)(i) resided in the five years immediately preceding the day on which the
             240      prospective foster parent or prospective adoptive parent applied to be a foster parent or
             241      adoptive parent, to determine whether the adult is listed in the registry as having a substantiated
             242      or supported finding of child abuse or neglect.
             243          (h) The requirements under Subsections (1)(f) and (g) do not apply to the extent that:
             244          (i) federal law or rule permits otherwise; or
             245          (ii) the requirements would prohibit the Division of Child and Family Services or a
             246      court from placing a child with:
             247          (A) a noncustodial parent under Section 62A-4a-209 , 78A-6-307 , or 78A-6-307.5 ; or
             248          (B) a relative, other than a noncustodial parent, under Section 62A-4a-209 , 78A-6-307 ,
             249      or 78A-6-307.5 , pending completion of the background check described in Subsections (1)(f)
             250      and (g).
             251          (i) The office shall make rules, in accordance with Title 63G, Chapter 3, Utah
             252      Administrative Rulemaking Act, to implement the provisions of this Subsection (1) relating to
             253      background checks.


             254          (2) The office shall approve a person for whom identifying information is submitted
             255      under Subsection (1) to have direct access to children or vulnerable adults in the licensee
             256      program if:
             257          (a) (i) the person is found to have no criminal history record; or
             258          (ii) (A) the only convictions in the person's criminal history record are misdemeanors
             259      or infractions not involving any of the offenses described in Subsection (3); and
             260          (B) the date of the last conviction under Subsection (2)(a)(ii)(A) is more than five years
             261      before the date of the search;
             262          (b) the person is not listed in the statewide database of the Division of Aging and Adult
             263      Services created by Section 62A-3-311.1 ;
             264          (c) juvenile court records do not show that a court made a substantiated finding, under
             265      Section 78A-6-323 , that the person committed a severe type of child abuse or neglect;
             266          (d) the person is not listed in the Licensing Information System of the Division of
             267      Child and Family Services created by Section 62A-4a-1006 ;
             268          (e) the person has not pled guilty or no contest to a pending charge for any:
             269          (i) felony;
             270          (ii) misdemeanor listed in Subsection (3); or
             271          (iii) infraction listed in Subsection (3); and
             272          (f) for a person described in Subsection (1)(g), the registry check described in
             273      Subsection (1)(g) does not indicate that the person is listed in a child abuse and neglect registry
             274      of another state as having a substantiated or supported finding of a severe type of child abuse or
             275      neglect as defined in Section 62A-4a-1002 .
             276          (3) Except as provided in Subsection (8), unless at least 10 years have passed since the
             277      date of conviction, the office may not approve a person to have direct access to children or
             278      vulnerable adults in the licensee's human services program if that person has been convicted of
             279      an offense, whether a felony, misdemeanor, or infraction, that is:
             280          (a) identified as a sexual offense, domestic violence, lewdness, assault, or battery;
             281          (b) a violation of any pornography law, including sexual exploitation of a minor;


             282          (c) prostitution;
             283          (d) included in:
             284          (i) Title 76, Chapter 5, Offenses Against the Person;
             285          (ii) [Title 76, Chapter 5a] Section 76-5b-201 , Sexual Exploitation of [Children] a
             286      Minor; or
             287          (iii) Title 76, Chapter 7, Offenses Against the Family;
             288          (e) a violation of Section 76-6-103 , aggravated arson;
             289          (f) a violation of Section 76-6-203 , aggravated burglary;
             290          (g) a violation of Section 76-6-302 , aggravated robbery; or
             291          (h) a conviction for an offense committed outside of the state that, if committed in the
             292      state, would constitute a violation of an offense described in Subsections (3)(d) through (g).
             293          (4) (a) Except as provided in Subsection (8), if a person for whom identifying
             294      information is submitted under Subsection (1) is not approved by the office under Subsection
             295      (2) or (3) to have direct access to children or vulnerable adults in the licensee program, the
             296      office shall conduct a comprehensive review of criminal and court records and related
             297      circumstances if the reason the approval is not granted is due solely to one or more of the
             298      following:
             299          (i) a conviction for:
             300          (A) any felony not listed in Subsection (3);
             301          (B) any misdemeanor or infraction, not listed in Subsection (3), within five years of the
             302      date of the search;
             303          (C) a protective order or ex parte protective order violation under Section 76-5-108 or
             304      a similar statute in another state; or
             305          (D) any felony, misdemeanor, or infraction listed in Subsection (3) if at least 10 years
             306      have passed since the date of conviction;
             307          (ii) a plea of guilty or no contest to a pending:
             308          (A) felony;
             309          (B) misdemeanor listed in Subsection (3); or


             310          (C) infraction listed in Subsection (3);
             311          (iii) the person is listed in the statewide database of the Division of Aging and Adult
             312      Services created by Section 62A-3-311.1 ;
             313          (iv) juvenile court records show that a court made a substantiated finding, under
             314      Section 78A-6-323 , that the person committed a severe type of child abuse or neglect;
             315          (v) the person is listed in the Licensing Information System of the Division of Child
             316      and Family Services created by Section 62A-4a-1006 ; or
             317          (vi) the person is listed in a child abuse or neglect registry of another state as having a
             318      substantiated or supported finding of a severe type of child abuse or neglect as defined in
             319      Section 62A-4a-1002 .
             320          (b) The comprehensive review under Subsection (4)(a) shall include an examination of:
             321          (i) the date of the offense or incident;
             322          (ii) the nature and seriousness of the offense or incident;
             323          (iii) the circumstances under which the offense or incident occurred;
             324          (iv) the age of the perpetrator when the offense or incident occurred;
             325          (v) whether the offense or incident was an isolated or repeated incident;
             326          (vi) whether the offense or incident directly relates to abuse of a child or vulnerable
             327      adult, including:
             328          (A) actual or threatened, nonaccidental physical or mental harm;
             329          (B) sexual abuse;
             330          (C) sexual exploitation; and
             331          (D) negligent treatment;
             332          (vii) any evidence provided by the person of rehabilitation, counseling, or psychiatric
             333      treatment received, or additional academic or vocational schooling completed, by the person;
             334      and
             335          (viii) any other pertinent information.
             336          (c) At the conclusion of the comprehensive review under Subsection (4)(a), the office
             337      shall approve the person who is the subject of the review to have direct access to children or


             338      vulnerable adults, unless it finds that approval will likely create a risk of harm to a child or
             339      vulnerable adult.
             340          (d) In accordance with Title 63G, Chapter 3, Utah Administrative Rulemaking Act, the
             341      office may make rules, consistent with this chapter, defining procedures for the comprehensive
             342      review described in this Subsection (4).
             343          (5) (a) For purposes of this Subsection (5), "directly supervised" means that the person
             344      being supervised is under the uninterrupted visual and auditory surveillance of the person doing
             345      the supervising.
             346          (b) A licensee may not permit any person to have direct access to a child or a
             347      vulnerable adult unless, subject to Subsection (5)(c), that person is:
             348          (i) associated with the licensee and:
             349          (A) approved by the office to have direct access to children or vulnerable adults under
             350      this section; or
             351          (B) (I) the office has not determined whether to approve that person to have direct
             352      access to children or vulnerable adults;
             353          (II) the information described in Subsection (1)(a), relating to that person, is submitted
             354      to the department; and
             355          (III) that person is directly supervised by a person associated with the licensee who is
             356      approved by the office to have direct access to children or vulnerable adults under this section;
             357          (ii) (A) not associated with the licensee; and
             358          (B) directly supervised by a person associated with the licensee who is approved by the
             359      office to have direct access to children or vulnerable adults under this section;
             360          (iii) the parent or guardian of the child or vulnerable adult; or
             361          (iv) a person approved by the parent or guardian of the child or vulnerable adult to
             362      have direct access to the child or vulnerable adult.
             363          (c) Notwithstanding Subsection (5)(b), a person may not have direct access to a child
             364      or a vulnerable adult if that person is prohibited by court order from having that access.
             365          (6) (a) Within 30 days after receiving the identifying information for a person under


             366      Subsection (1), the office shall give written notice to the person and to the licensee or applicant
             367      with whom the person is associated of:
             368          (i) the office's decision regarding its background screening clearance and findings; and
             369          (ii) a list of any convictions found in the search.
             370          (b) With the notice described in Subsection (6)(a), the office shall also give to the
             371      person the details of any comprehensive review conducted under Subsection (4).
             372          (c) If the notice under Subsection (6)(a) states that the person is not approved to have
             373      direct access to children or vulnerable adults, the notice shall further advise the persons to
             374      whom the notice is given that either the person or the licensee or applicant with whom the
             375      person is associated, or both, may, under Subsection 62A-2-111 (2), request a hearing in the
             376      department's Office of Administrative Hearings, to challenge the office's decision.
             377          (d) In accordance with Title 63G, Chapter 3, Utah Administrative Rulemaking Act, the
             378      office shall make rules, consistent with this chapter:
             379          (i) defining procedures for the challenge of its background screening decision
             380      described in this Subsection (6); and
             381          (ii) expediting the process for renewal of a license under the requirements of this
             382      section and other applicable sections.
             383          (7) Notwithstanding Subsection (1)(a), this section does not apply to an applicant for
             384      an initial license, or license renewal, to operate a substance abuse program that provides
             385      services to adults only.
             386          (8) (a) Notwithstanding Subsections (2) through (4), the office may not approve or
             387      license a person as a prospective foster parent or a prospective adoptive parent if the person has
             388      been convicted of:
             389          (i) a felony involving conduct that constitutes any of the following:
             390          (A) child abuse, as described in Section 76-5-109 ;
             391          (B) commission of domestic violence in the presence of a child, as described in Section
             392      76-5-109.1 ;
             393          (C) abuse or neglect of a disabled child, as described in Section 76-5-110 ;


             394          (D) endangerment of a child, as described in Section 76-5-112.5 ;
             395          (E) aggravated murder, as described in Section 76-5-202 ;
             396          (F) murder, as described in Section 76-5-203 ;
             397          (G) manslaughter, as described in Section 76-5-205 ;
             398          (H) child abuse homicide, as described in Section 76-5-208 ;
             399          (I) homicide by assault, as described in Section 76-5-209 ;
             400          (J) kidnapping, as described in Section 76-5-301 ;
             401          (K) child kidnapping, as described in Section 76-5-301.1 ;
             402          (L) aggravated kidnapping, as described in Section 76-5-302 ;
             403          (M) an offense described in Title 76, Chapter 5, Part 4, Sexual Offenses;
             404          (N) an offense described in [Title 76, Chapter 5a] Section 76-5b-201 , Sexual
             405      Exploitation of [Children] a Minor;
             406          (O) aggravated arson, as described in Section 76-6-103 ;
             407          (P) aggravated burglary, as described in Section 76-6-203 ;
             408          (Q) aggravated robbery, as described in Section 76-6-302 ; or
             409          (R) domestic violence, as described in Section 77-36-1 ; or
             410          (ii) an offense committed outside the state that, if committed in the state, would
             411      constitute a violation of an offense described in Subsection (8)(a)(i).
             412          (b) Notwithstanding Subsections (2) through (4), the office may not approve or license
             413      a person as a prospective foster parent or a prospective adoptive parent if, within the five years
             414      immediately preceding the day on which the person would otherwise be approved or licensed,
             415      the person has been convicted of a felony involving conduct that constitutes any of the
             416      following:
             417          (i) aggravated assault, as described in Section 76-5-103 ;
             418          (ii) aggravated assault by a prisoner, as described in Section 76-5-103.5 ;
             419          (iii) mayhem, as described in Section 76-5-105 ;
             420          (iv) an offense described in Title 58, Chapter 37, Utah Controlled Substances Act;
             421          (v) an offense described in Title 58, Chapter 37a, Utah Drug Paraphernalia Act;


             422          (vi) an offense described in Title 58, Chapter 37b, Imitation Controlled Substances
             423      Act;
             424          (vii) an offense described in Title 58, Chapter 37c, Utah Controlled Substance
             425      Precursor Act; or
             426          (viii) an offense described in Title 58, Chapter 37d, Clandestine Drug Lab Act.
             427          (9) If any provision of this section conflicts with a provision of Section 62A-2-120.5 ,
             428      the conflicting provision of Section 62A-2-120.5 shall govern.
             429          Section 5. Section 62A-3-301 is amended to read:
             430           62A-3-301. Definitions.
             431          As used in this part:
             432          (1) "Abandonment" means any knowing or intentional action or failure to act,
             433      including desertion, by a person or entity acting as a caretaker for a vulnerable adult that leaves
             434      the vulnerable adult without the means or ability to obtain necessary food, clothing, shelter, or
             435      medical or other health care.
             436          (2) "Abuse" means:
             437          (a) knowingly or intentionally:
             438          (i) attempting to cause harm;
             439          (ii) causing harm; or
             440          (iii) placing another in fear of harm;
             441          (b) unreasonable or inappropriate use of physical restraint, medication, or isolation that
             442      causes or is likely to cause harm to a vulnerable adult;
             443          (c) emotional or psychological abuse;
             444          (d) a sexual offense as described in Title 76, Chapter 5, Offenses Against the Person;
             445      or
             446          (e) deprivation of life sustaining treatment, or medical or mental health treatment,
             447      except:
             448          (i) as provided in Title 75, Chapter 2a, Advance Health Care Directive Act; or
             449          (ii) when informed consent, as defined in Section 76-5-111 , has been obtained.


             450          (3) "Adult" means a person who is 18 years of age or older.
             451          (4) "Adult protection case file" means a record, stored in any format, contained in a
             452      case file maintained by Adult Protective Services.
             453          (5) "Adult Protective Services" means the unit within the division responsible to
             454      investigate abuse, neglect, and exploitation of vulnerable adults and provide appropriate
             455      protective services.
             456          (6) "Capacity to consent" means the ability of a person to understand and communicate
             457      regarding the nature and consequences of decisions relating to the person, and relating to the
             458      person's property and lifestyle, including a decision to accept or refuse services.
             459          (7) "Caretaker" means each person, entity, corporation, or public institution that
             460      assumes the responsibility to provide a vulnerable adult with care, food, shelter, clothing,
             461      supervision, medical or other health care, resource management, or other necessities.
             462          (8) "Counsel" means an attorney licensed to practice law in this state.
             463          (9) "Database" means the statewide database maintained by the division under Section
             464      62A-3-311.1 .
             465          (10) "Elder abuse" means abuse, neglect, or exploitation of an elder adult.
             466          (11) "Elder adult" means a person 65 years of age or older.
             467          (12) "Emergency" means a circumstance in which a vulnerable adult is at an immediate
             468      risk of death, serious physical injury, or serious physical, emotional, or financial harm.
             469          (13) (a) "Emotional or psychological abuse" means knowing or intentional verbal or
             470      nonverbal conduct directed at a vulnerable adult that results or could result in the vulnerable
             471      adult suffering mental anguish, emotional distress, fear, humiliation, degradation, agitation, or
             472      confusion.
             473          (b) "Emotional or psychological abuse" includes ridiculing, intimidating, yelling,
             474      swearing, threatening, isolating, coercing, or harassing.
             475          (14) "Exploitation" means [the] an offense described in Subsection 76-5-111 (4) or
             476      Section 76-5b-202 .
             477          (15) "Harm" means pain, mental anguish, emotional distress, hurt, physical or


             478      psychological damage, physical injury, serious physical injury, suffering, or distress inflicted
             479      knowingly or intentionally.
             480          (16) "Inconclusive" means a finding by the division that there is not a reasonable basis
             481      to conclude that abuse, neglect, or exploitation occurred.
             482          (17) "Intimidation" means communication through verbal or nonverbal conduct which
             483      threatens deprivation of money, food, clothing, medicine, shelter, social interaction,
             484      supervision, health care, or companionship, or which threatens isolation or abuse.
             485          (18) (a) "Isolation" means knowingly or intentionally preventing a vulnerable adult
             486      from having contact with another person by:
             487          (i) preventing the vulnerable adult from receiving visitors, mail, or telephone calls,
             488      contrary to the expressed wishes of the vulnerable adult, including communicating to a visitor
             489      that the vulnerable adult is not present or does not want to meet with or talk to the visitor,
             490      knowing that communication to be false;
             491          (ii) physically restraining the vulnerable adult in order to prevent the vulnerable adult
             492      from meeting with a visitor; or
             493          (iii) making false or misleading statements to the vulnerable adult in order to induce
             494      the vulnerable adult to refuse to receive communication from visitors or other family members.
             495          (b) The term "isolation" does not include an act intended to protect the physical or
             496      mental welfare of the vulnerable adult or an act performed pursuant to the treatment plan or
             497      instructions of a physician or other professional advisor of the vulnerable adult.
             498          (19) "Lacks capacity to consent" [has the meaning as provided] is as defined in Section
             499      76-5-111 .
             500          (20) (a) "Neglect" means:
             501          (i) (A) failure of a caretaker to provide necessary care, including nutrition, clothing,
             502      shelter, supervision, personal care, or dental, medical, or other health care for a vulnerable
             503      adult, unless the vulnerable adult is able to provide or obtain the necessary care without
             504      assistance; or
             505          (B) failure of a caretaker to provide protection from health and safety hazards or


             506      maltreatment;
             507          (ii) failure of a caretaker to provide care to a vulnerable adult in a timely manner and
             508      with the degree of care that a reasonable person in a like position would exercise;
             509          (iii) a pattern of conduct by a caretaker, without the vulnerable adult's informed
             510      consent, resulting in deprivation of food, water, medication, health care, shelter, cooling,
             511      heating, or other services necessary to maintain the vulnerable adult's well being;
             512          (iv) knowing or intentional failure by a caretaker to carry out a prescribed treatment
             513      plan that causes or is likely to cause harm to the vulnerable adult;
             514          (v) self-neglect by the vulnerable adult; or
             515          (vi) abandonment by a caretaker.
             516          (b) "Neglect" does not include conduct, or failure to take action, that is permitted or
             517      excused under Title 75, Chapter 2a, Advance Health Care Directive Act.
             518          (21) "Physical injury" includes the damage and conditions described in Section
             519      76-5-111 .
             520          (22) "Protected person" means a vulnerable adult for whom the court has ordered
             521      protective services.
             522          (23) "Protective services" means services to protect a vulnerable adult from abuse,
             523      neglect, or exploitation.
             524          (24) "Self-neglect" means the failure of a vulnerable adult to provide or obtain food,
             525      water, medication, health care, shelter, cooling, heating, safety, or other services necessary to
             526      maintain the vulnerable adult's well being when that failure is the result of the adult's mental or
             527      physical impairment. Choice of lifestyle or living arrangements may not, by themselves, be
             528      evidence of self-neglect.
             529          (25) "Serious physical injury" is as defined in Section 76-5-111 .
             530          (26) "Supported" means a finding by the division that there is a reasonable basis to
             531      conclude that abuse, neglect, or exploitation occurred.
             532          (27) "Undue influence" occurs when a person uses the person's role, relationship, or
             533      power to exploit, or knowingly assist or cause another to exploit, the trust, dependency, or fear


             534      of a vulnerable adult, or uses the person's role, relationship, or power to gain control
             535      deceptively over the decision making of the vulnerable adult.
             536          (28) "Vulnerable adult" means an elder adult, or an adult who has a mental or physical
             537      impairment which substantially affects that person's ability to:
             538          (a) provide personal protection;
             539          (b) provide necessities such as food, shelter, clothing, or mental or other health care;
             540          (c) obtain services necessary for health, safety, or welfare;
             541          (d) carry out the activities of daily living;
             542          (e) manage the adult's own financial resources; or
             543          (f) comprehend the nature and consequences of remaining in a situation of abuse,
             544      neglect, or exploitation.
             545          (29) "Without merit" means a finding that abuse, neglect, or exploitation did not occur.
             546          Section 6. Section 63M-7-502 is amended to read:
             547           63M-7-502. Definitions.
             548          As used in this chapter:
             549          (1) "Accomplice" means a person who has engaged in criminal conduct as defined in
             550      Section 76-2-202 .
             551          (2) "Board" means the Crime Victim Reparations Board created under Section
             552      63M-7-504 .
             553          (3) "Bodily injury" means physical pain, illness, or any impairment of physical
             554      condition.
             555          (4) "Claim" means:
             556          (a) the victim's application or request for a reparations award; and
             557          (b) the formal action taken by a victim to apply for reparations pursuant to Sections
             558      63M-7-501 through 63M-7-525 .
             559          (5) "Claimant" means any of the following claiming reparations under this chapter:
             560          (a) a victim;
             561          (b) a dependent of a deceased victim;


             562          (c) a representative other than a collateral source; or
             563          (d) the person or representative who files a claim on behalf of a victim.
             564          (6) "Child" means an unemancipated person who is under 18 years of age.
             565          (7) "Collateral source" means the definition as provided in Section 63M-7-513 .
             566          (8) "Contested case" means a case which the claimant contests, claiming the award was
             567      either inadequate or denied, or which a county attorney, a district attorney, a law enforcement
             568      officer, or other individual related to the criminal investigation proffers reasonable evidence of
             569      the claimant's lack of cooperation in the prosecution of a case after an award has already been
             570      given.
             571          (9) (a) "Criminally injurious conduct" other than acts of war declared or not declared
             572      means conduct that:
             573          (i) is or would be subject to prosecution in this state under Section 76-1-201 ;
             574          (ii) occurs or is attempted;
             575          (iii) causes, or poses a substantial threat of causing, bodily injury or death;
             576          (iv) is punishable by fine, imprisonment, or death if the person engaging in the conduct
             577      possessed the capacity to commit the conduct; and
             578          (v) does not arise out of the ownership, maintenance, or use of a motor vehicle,
             579      aircraft, or water craft, unless the conduct is intended to cause bodily injury or death, or is
             580      conduct which is or would be punishable under Title 76, Chapter 5, Offenses Against the
             581      Person, or as any offense chargeable as driving under the influence of alcohol or drugs.
             582          (b) "Criminally injurious conduct" includes an act of terrorism, as defined in 18 U.S.C.
             583      Sec. 2331 committed outside of the United States against a resident of this state. "Terrorism"
             584      does not include an "act of war" as defined in 18 U.S.C. Sec. 2331.
             585          (10) "Dependent" means a natural person to whom the victim is wholly or partially
             586      legally responsible for care or support and includes a child of the victim born after the victim's
             587      death.
             588          (11) "Dependent's economic loss" means loss after the victim's death of contributions
             589      of things of economic value to the victim's dependent, not including services the dependent


             590      would have received from the victim if the victim had not suffered the fatal injury, less
             591      expenses of the dependent avoided by reason of victim's death.
             592          (12) "Dependent's replacement services loss" means loss reasonably and necessarily
             593      incurred by the dependent after the victim's death in obtaining services in lieu of those the
             594      decedent would have performed for the victim's benefit if the victim had not suffered the fatal
             595      injury, less expenses of the dependent avoided by reason of the victim's death and not
             596      subtracted in calculating the dependent's economic loss.
             597          (13) "Director" means the director of the Office of Crime Victim Reparations.
             598          (14) "Disposition" means the sentencing or determination of penalty or punishment to
             599      be imposed upon a person:
             600          (a) convicted of a crime;
             601          (b) found delinquent; or
             602          (c) against whom a finding of sufficient facts for conviction or finding of delinquency
             603      is made.
             604          (15) "Economic loss" means economic detriment consisting only of allowable expense,
             605      work loss, replacement services loss, and if injury causes death, dependent's economic loss and
             606      dependent's replacement service loss. Noneconomic detriment is not loss, but economic
             607      detriment is loss although caused by pain and suffering or physical impairment.
             608          (16) "Elderly victim" means a person 60 years of age or older who is a victim.
             609          (17) "Fraudulent claim" means a filed claim based on material misrepresentation of
             610      fact and intended to deceive the reparations staff for the purpose of obtaining reparation funds
             611      for which the claimant is not eligible as provided in Section 63M-7-510 .
             612          (18) "Fund" means the Crime Victim Reparations Fund created in Section 51-9-404 .
             613          (19) "Law enforcement officer" means a law enforcement officer as defined in Section
             614      53-13-103 .
             615          (20) "Medical examination" means a physical examination necessary to document
             616      criminally injurious conduct but does not include mental health evaluations for the prosecution
             617      and investigation of a crime.


             618          (21) "Mental health counseling" means outpatient and inpatient counseling necessitated
             619      as a result of criminally injurious conduct. The definition of mental health counseling is
             620      subject to rules promulgated by the board pursuant to Title 63G, Chapter 3, Utah
             621      Administrative Rulemaking Act.
             622          (22) "Misconduct" as provided in Subsection 63M-7-512 (1)(b) means conduct by the
             623      victim which was attributable to the injury or death of the victim as provided by rules
             624      promulgated by the board pursuant to Title 63G, Chapter 3, Utah Administrative Rulemaking
             625      Act.
             626          (23) "Noneconomic detriment" means pain, suffering, inconvenience, physical
             627      impairment, and other nonpecuniary damage, except as provided in this chapter.
             628          (24) "Pecuniary loss" does not include loss attributable to pain and suffering except as
             629      otherwise provided in this chapter.
             630          (25) "Offender" means a person who has violated the criminal code through criminally
             631      injurious conduct regardless of whether the person is arrested, prosecuted, or convicted.
             632          (26) "Offense" means a violation of the criminal code.
             633          (27) "Office of Crime Victim Reparations" or "office" means the office of the
             634      reparations staff for the purpose of carrying out the provisions of this chapter.
             635          (28) "Perpetrator" means the person who actually participated in the criminally
             636      injurious conduct.
             637          (29) "Reparations officer" means a person employed by the office to investigate claims
             638      of victims and award reparations under this chapter, and includes the director when the director
             639      is acting as a reparations officer.
             640          (30) "Reparations staff" means the director, the reparations officers, and any other staff
             641      employed to administer the Crime Victim Reparations Act.
             642          (31) "Replacement service loss" means expenses reasonably and necessarily incurred in
             643      obtaining ordinary and necessary services in lieu of those the injured person would have
             644      performed, not for income but the benefit of the injured person or the injured person's
             645      dependents if the injured person had not been injured.


             646          (32) "Representative" means the victim, immediate family member, legal guardian,
             647      attorney, conservator, executor, or an heir of a person but does not include service providers.
             648          (33) "Restitution" means money or services an appropriate authority orders an offender
             649      to pay or render to a victim of the offender's conduct.
             650          (34) "Secondary victim" means a person who is traumatically affected by the criminally
             651      injurious conduct subject to rules promulgated by the board pursuant to Title 63G, Chapter 3,
             652      Utah Administrative Rulemaking Act.
             653          (35) "Service provider" means a person or agency who provides a service to crime
             654      victims for a monetary fee except attorneys as provided in Section 63M-7-524 .
             655          (36) (a) "Victim" means a person who suffers bodily or psychological injury or death as
             656      a direct result of criminally injurious conduct or of the production of pornography in violation
             657      of [Sections 76-5a-1 through 76-5a-4 ] Section 76-5b-201 if the person is a minor.
             658          (b) "Victim" does not include a person who participated in or observed the judicial
             659      proceedings against an offender unless otherwise provided by statute or rule.
             660          (c) "Victim" includes a resident of this state who is injured or killed by an act of
             661      terrorism, as defined in 18 U.S.C. 2331, committed outside of the United States.
             662          (37) "Work loss" means loss of income from work the injured victim would have
             663      performed if the injured victim had not been injured and expenses reasonably incurred by the
             664      injured victim in obtaining services in lieu of those the injured victim would have performed
             665      for income, reduced by any income from substitute work the injured victim was capable of
             666      performing but unreasonably failed to undertake.
             667          Section 7. Section 76-1-302 is amended to read:
             668           76-1-302. Time limitations for prosecution of offenses -- Provisions if DNA
             669      evidence would identify the defendant -- Commencement of prosecution.
             670          (1) Except as otherwise provided, a prosecution for:
             671          (a) a felony or negligent homicide shall be commenced within four years after it is
             672      committed, except that prosecution for:
             673          (i) forcible sexual abuse shall be commenced within eight years after the offense is


             674      committed, if within four years after its commission the offense is reported to a law
             675      enforcement agency; and
             676          (ii) incest shall be commenced within eight years after the offense is committed, if
             677      within four years after its commission the offense is reported to a law enforcement agency;
             678          (b) a misdemeanor other than negligent homicide shall be commenced within two years
             679      after it is committed; and
             680          (c) any infraction shall be commenced within one year after it is committed.
             681          (2) (a) Notwithstanding Subsection (1), prosecution for the offenses listed in
             682      Subsections 76-3-203.5 (1)(c)(i)(A) through [(AA)] (BB) may be commenced at any time if the
             683      identity of the person who committed the crime is unknown but DNA evidence is collected that
             684      would identify the person at a later date.
             685          (b) Subsection (2)(a) does not apply if the statute of limitations on a crime has run as of
             686      May 5, 2003, and no charges have been filed.
             687          (3) If the statute of limitations would have run but for the provisions of Subsection (2)
             688      and identification of a perpetrator is made through DNA, a prosecution shall be commenced
             689      within one year of the discovery of the identity of the perpetrator.
             690          (4) A prosecution is commenced upon:
             691          (a) the finding and filing of an indictment by a grand jury;
             692          (b) the filing of a complaint or information; or
             693          (c) the issuance of a citation.
             694          Section 8. Section 76-3-203.1 is amended to read:
             695           76-3-203.1. Offenses committed in concert with two or more persons or in
             696      relation to a criminal street gang -- Notice -- Enhanced penalties.
             697          (1) As used in this section:
             698          (a) "Criminal street gang" has the same definition as in Section 76-9-802 .
             699          (b) "In concert with two or more persons" means:
             700          (i) the defendant was aided or encouraged by at least two other persons in committing
             701      the offense and was aware of this aid or encouragement; and


             702          (ii) each of the other persons:
             703          (A) was physically present; or
             704          (B) participated as a party to any offense listed in Subsection (5).
             705          (c) "In concert with two or more persons" means, regarding intent:
             706          (i) other persons participating as parties need not have the intent to engage in the same
             707      offense or degree of offense as the defendant; and
             708          (ii) a minor is a party if the minor's actions would cause the minor to be a party if the
             709      minor were an adult.
             710          (2) A person who commits any offense listed in Subsection (5) is subject to an
             711      enhanced penalty for the offense as provided in Subsection (4) if the trier of fact finds beyond a
             712      reasonable doubt that the person acted:
             713          (a) in concert with two or more persons;
             714          (b) for the benefit of, at the direction of, or in association with any criminal street gang
             715      as defined in Section 76-9-802 ; or
             716          (c) to gain recognition, acceptance, membership, or increased status with a criminal
             717      street gang as defined in Section 76-9-802 .
             718          (3) The prosecuting attorney, or grand jury if an indictment is returned, shall cause to
             719      be subscribed upon the information or indictment notice that the defendant is subject to the
             720      enhanced penalties provided under this section.
             721          (4) The enhanced penalty for a:
             722          (a) class B misdemeanor is a class A misdemeanor;
             723          (b) class A misdemeanor is a third degree felony;
             724          (c) third degree felony is a second degree felony;
             725          (d) second degree felony is a first degree felony; and
             726          (e) first degree felony is an indeterminate prison term of not less than five years in
             727      addition to the statutory minimum prison term for the offense, and which may be for life.
             728          (5) Offenses referred to in Subsection (2) are:
             729          (a) any criminal violation of the following chapters of Title 58:


             730          (i) Chapter 37, Utah Controlled Substances Act;
             731          (ii) Chapter 37a, Utah Drug Paraphernalia Act;
             732          (iii) Chapter 37b, Imitation Controlled Substances Act; or
             733          (iv) Chapter 37c, Utah Controlled Substance Precursor Act;
             734          (b) assault and related offenses under Title 76, Chapter 5, Part 1, Assault and Related
             735      Offenses;
             736          (c) any criminal homicide offense under Title 76, Chapter 5, Part 2, Criminal
             737      Homicide;
             738          (d) kidnapping and related offenses under Title 76, Chapter 5, Part 3, Kidnapping,
             739      Trafficking, and Smuggling;
             740          (e) any felony sexual offense under Title 76, Chapter 5, Part 4, Sexual Offenses;
             741          (f) sexual exploitation of a minor as defined in Section [ 76-5a-3 ] 76-5b-201 ;
             742          (g) any property destruction offense under Title 76, Chapter 6, Part 1, Property
             743      Destruction;
             744          (h) burglary, criminal trespass, and related offenses under Title 76, Chapter 6, Part 2,
             745      Burglary and Criminal Trespass;
             746          (i) robbery and aggravated robbery under Title 76, Chapter 6, Part 3, Robbery;
             747          (j) theft and related offenses under Title 76, Chapter 6, Part 4, Theft, or Part 6, Retail
             748      Theft;
             749          (k) any fraud offense under Title 76, Chapter 6, Part 5, except Sections 76-6-504 ,
             750      76-6-505 , 76-6-507 , 76-6-508 , 76-6-509 , 76-6-510 , 76-6-511 , 76-6-512 , 76-6-513 , 76-6-514 ,
             751      76-6-516 , 76-6-517 , 76-6-518 , and 76-6-520 ;
             752          (l) any offense of obstructing government operations under Title 76, Chapter 8, Part 3,
             753      except Sections 76-8-302 , 76-8-303 , 76-8-304 , 76-8-307 , 76-8-308 , and 76-8-312 ;
             754          (m) tampering with a witness or other violation of Section 76-8-508 ;
             755          (n) extortion or bribery to dismiss criminal proceeding as defined in Section 76-8-509 ;
             756          (o) any explosives offense under Title 76, Chapter 10, Part 3, Explosives;
             757          (p) any weapons offense under Title 76, Chapter 10, Part 5, Weapons;


             758          (q) pornographic and harmful materials and performances offenses under Title 76,
             759      Chapter 10, Part 12, Pornographic and Harmful Materials and Performances;
             760          (r) prostitution and related offenses under Title 76, Chapter 10, Part 13, Prostitution;
             761          (s) any violation of Title 76, Chapter 10, Part 15, Bus Passenger Safety Act;
             762          (t) any violation of Title 76, Chapter 10, Part 16, Pattern of Unlawful Activity Act;
             763          (u) communications fraud as defined in Section 76-10-1801 ;
             764          (v) any violation of Title 76, Chapter 10, Part 19, Money Laundering and Currency
             765      Transaction Reporting Act; and
             766          (w) burglary of a research facility as defined in Section 76-10-2002 .
             767          (6) It is not a bar to imposing the enhanced penalties under this section that the persons
             768      with whom the actor is alleged to have acted in concert are not identified, apprehended,
             769      charged, or convicted, or that any of those persons are charged with or convicted of a different
             770      or lesser offense.
             771          Section 9. Section 76-3-203.5 is amended to read:
             772           76-3-203.5. Habitual violent offender -- Definition -- Procedure -- Penalty.
             773          (1) As used in this section:
             774          (a) "Felony" means any violation of a criminal statute of the state, any other state, the
             775      United States, or any district, possession, or territory of the United States for which the
             776      maximum punishment the offender may be subjected to exceeds one year in prison.
             777          (b) "Habitual violent offender" means a person convicted within the state of any violent
             778      felony and who on at least two previous occasions has been convicted of a violent felony and
             779      committed to either prison in Utah or an equivalent correctional institution of another state or
             780      of the United States either at initial sentencing or after revocation of probation.
             781          (c) "Violent felony" means:
             782          (i) any of the following offenses, or any attempt, solicitation, or conspiracy to commit
             783      any of the following offenses punishable as a felony:
             784          (A) aggravated arson, arson, knowingly causing a catastrophe, and criminal mischief,
             785      Title 76, Chapter 6, Part 1, Property Destruction;


             786          (B) assault by prisoner, Section 76-5-102.5 ;
             787          (C) disarming a police officer, Section 76-5-102.8 ;
             788          (D) aggravated assault, Section 76-5-103 ;
             789          (E) aggravated assault by prisoner, Section 76-5-103.5 ;
             790          (F) mayhem, Section 76-5-105 ;
             791          (G) stalking, Subsection 76-5-106.5 (2) or (3);
             792          (H) threat of terrorism, Section 76-5-107.3 ;
             793          (I) child abuse, Subsection 76-5-109 (2)(a) or (b);
             794          (J) commission of domestic violence in the presence of a child, Section 76-5-109.1 ;
             795          (K) abuse or neglect of disabled child, Section 76-5-110 ;
             796          (L) abuse, neglect, or exploitation of a vulnerable adult, Section 76-5-111 ;
             797          (M) endangerment of a child or vulnerable adult, Section 76-5-112.5 ;
             798          (N) criminal homicide offenses under Title 76, Chapter 5, Part 2, Criminal Homicide;
             799          (O) kidnapping, child kidnapping, and aggravated kidnapping under Title 76, Chapter
             800      5, Part 3, Kidnapping, Trafficking, and Smuggling;
             801          (P) rape, Section 76-5-402 ;
             802          (Q) rape of a child, Section 76-5-402.1 ;
             803          (R) object rape, Section 76-5-402.2 ;
             804          (S) object rape of a child, Section 76-5-402.3 ;
             805          (T) forcible sodomy, Section 76-5-403 ;
             806          (U) sodomy on a child, Section 76-5-403.1 ;
             807          (V) forcible sexual abuse, Section 76-5-404 ;
             808          (W) aggravated sexual abuse of a child or sexual abuse of a child, Section 76-5-404.1 ;
             809          (X) aggravated sexual assault, Section 76-5-405 ;
             810          (Y) sexual exploitation of a minor, Section [ 76-5a-3 ] 76-5b-201 ;
             811          (Z) sexual exploitation of a vulnerable adult, Section 76-5b-202 ;
             812          [(Z)] (AA) aggravated burglary and burglary of a dwelling under Title 76, Chapter 6,
             813      Part 2, Burglary and Criminal Trespass;


             814          [(AA)] (BB) aggravated robbery and robbery under Title 76, Chapter 6, Part 3,
             815      Robbery;
             816          [(BB)] (CC) theft by extortion under Subsection 76-6-406 (2)(a) or (b);
             817          [(CC)] (DD) tampering with a witness under Subsection 76-8-508 (1);
             818          [(DD)] (EE) retaliation against a witness, victim, or informant under Section
             819      76-8-508.3 ;
             820          [(EE)] (FF) tampering with a juror under Subsection 76-8-508.5 (2)(c);
             821          [(FF)] (GG) extortion to dismiss a criminal proceeding under Section 76-8-509 if by
             822      any threat or by use of force theft by extortion has been committed pursuant to Subsections
             823      76-6-406 (2)(a), (b), and (i);
             824          [(GG)] (HH) possession, use, or removal of explosive, chemical, or incendiary devices
             825      under Subsections 76-10-306 (3) through (6);
             826          [(HH)] (II) unlawful delivery of explosive, chemical, or incendiary devices under
             827      Section 76-10-307 ;
             828          [(II)] (JJ) purchase or possession of a dangerous weapon or handgun by a restricted
             829      person under Section 76-10-503 ;
             830          [(JJ)] (KK) unlawful discharge of a firearm under Section 76-10-508 ;
             831          [(KK)] (LL) aggravated exploitation of prostitution under Subsection
             832      76-10-1306 (1)(a);
             833          [(LL)] (MM) bus hijacking under Section 76-10-1504 ; and
             834          [(MM)] (NN) discharging firearms and hurling missiles under Section 76-10-1505 ; or
             835          (ii) any felony violation of a criminal statute of any other state, the United States, or
             836      any district, possession, or territory of the United States which would constitute a violent
             837      felony as defined in this Subsection (1) if committed in this state.
             838          (2) If a person is convicted in this state of a violent felony by plea or by verdict and the
             839      trier of fact determines beyond a reasonable doubt that the person is a habitual violent offender
             840      under this section, the penalty for a:
             841          (a) third degree felony is as if the conviction were for a first degree felony;


             842          (b) second degree felony is as if the conviction were for a first degree felony; or
             843          (c) first degree felony remains the penalty for a first degree penalty except:
             844          (i) the convicted person is not eligible for probation; and
             845          (ii) the Board of Pardons and Parole shall consider that the convicted person is a
             846      habitual violent offender as an aggravating factor in determining the length of incarceration.
             847          (3) (a) The prosecuting attorney, or grand jury if an indictment is returned, shall
             848      provide notice in the information or indictment that the defendant is subject to punishment as a
             849      habitual violent offender under this section. Notice shall include the case number, court, and
             850      date of conviction or commitment of any case relied upon by the prosecution.
             851          (b) (i) The defendant shall serve notice in writing upon the prosecutor if the defendant
             852      intends to deny that:
             853          (A) the defendant is the person who was convicted or committed;
             854          (B) the defendant was represented by counsel or had waived counsel; or
             855          (C) the defendant's plea was understandingly or voluntarily entered.
             856          (ii) The notice of denial shall be served not later than five days prior to trial and shall
             857      state in detail the defendant's contention regarding the previous conviction and commitment.
             858          (4) (a) If the defendant enters a denial under Subsection (3)(b) and if the case is tried to
             859      a jury, the jury may not be told until after it returns its verdict on the underlying felony charge,
             860      of the:
             861          (i) defendant's previous convictions for violent felonies, except as otherwise provided
             862      in the Utah Rules of Evidence; or
             863          (ii) allegation against the defendant of being a habitual violent offender.
             864          (b) If the jury's verdict is guilty, the defendant shall be tried regarding the allegation of
             865      being an habitual violent offender by the same jury, if practicable, unless the defendant waives
             866      the jury, in which case the allegation shall be tried immediately to the court.
             867          (c) (i) Prior to or at the time of sentencing the trier of fact shall determine if this section
             868      applies.
             869          (ii) The trier of fact shall consider any evidence presented at trial and the prosecution


             870      and the defendant shall be afforded an opportunity to present any necessary additional
             871      evidence.
             872          (iii) Prior to sentencing under this section, the trier of fact shall determine whether this
             873      section is applicable beyond a reasonable doubt.
             874          (d) If any previous conviction and commitment is based upon a plea of guilty or no
             875      contest, there is a rebuttable presumption that the conviction and commitment were regular and
             876      lawful in all respects if the conviction and commitment occurred after January 1, 1970. If the
             877      conviction and commitment occurred prior to January 1, 1970, the burden is on the prosecution
             878      to establish by a preponderance of the evidence that the defendant was then represented by
             879      counsel or had lawfully waived the right to have counsel present, and that the defendant's plea
             880      was understandingly and voluntarily entered.
             881          (e) If the trier of fact finds this section applicable, the court shall enter that specific
             882      finding on the record and shall indicate in the order of judgment and commitment that the
             883      defendant has been found by the trier of fact to be a habitual violent offender and is sentenced
             884      under this section.
             885          (5) (a) The sentencing enhancement provisions of Section 76-3-407 supersede the
             886      provisions of this section.
             887          (b) Notwithstanding Subsection (5)(a), the "violent felony" offense defined in
             888      Subsection (1)(c) shall include any felony sexual offense violation of Title 76, Chapter 5, Part
             889      4, Sexual Offenses, to determine if the convicted person is a habitual violent offender.
             890          (6) The sentencing enhancement described in this section does not apply if:
             891          (a) the offense for which the person is being sentenced is:
             892          (i) a grievous sexual offense;
             893          (ii) child kidnapping, Section 76-5-301.1 ;
             894          (iii) aggravated kidnapping, Section 76-5-302 ; or
             895          (iv) forcible sexual abuse, Section 76-5-404 ; and
             896          (b) applying the sentencing enhancement provided for in this section would result in a
             897      lower maximum penalty than the penalty provided for under the section that describes the


             898      offense for which the person is being sentenced.
             899          Section 10. Section 76-3-407 is amended to read:
             900           76-3-407. Repeat and habitual sex offenders -- Additional prison term for prior
             901      felony convictions.
             902          (1) As used in this section:
             903          (a) "Prior sexual offense" means:
             904          (i) a felony offense described in Title 76, Chapter 5, Part 4, Sexual Offenses;
             905          (ii) sexual exploitation of a minor, Section [ 76-5a-3 ] 76-5b-201 ;
             906          (iii) a felony offense of enticing a minor over the Internet, Section 76-4-401 ;
             907          (iv) a felony attempt to commit an offense described in Subsections (1)(a)(i) through
             908      (iii); or
             909          (v) an offense in another state, territory, or district of the United States that, if
             910      committed in Utah, would constitute an offense described in Subsections (1)(a)(i) through (iv).
             911          (b) "Sexual offense" means:
             912          (i) an offense that is a felony of the second or third degree, or an attempted offense,
             913      which attempt is a felony of the second or third degree, described in Title 76, Chapter 5, Part 4,
             914      Sexual Offenses;
             915          (ii) sexual exploitation of a minor, Section [ 76-5a-3 ] 76-5b-201 ;
             916          (iii) a felony offense of enticing a minor over the Internet, Section 76-4-401 ;
             917          (iv) a felony attempt to commit an offense described in Subsection (1)(b)(ii) or (iii); or
             918          (v) an offense in another state, territory, or district of the United States that, if
             919      committed in Utah, would constitute an offense described in Subsections (1)(b)(i) through (iv).
             920          (2) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the maximum penalty for a sexual
             921      offense is increased by five years for each conviction of the defendant for a prior sexual offense
             922      that arose from a separate criminal episode, if the trier of fact finds that:
             923          (a) the defendant was convicted of a prior sexual offense; and
             924          (b) the defendant was convicted of the prior sexual offense described in Subsection
             925      (2)(a) before the defendant was convicted of the sexual offense for which the defendant is


             926      being sentenced.
             927          (3) The increased maximum term described in Subsection (2) shall be in addition to,
             928      and consecutive to, any other prison term served by the defendant.
             929          Section 11. Section 76-5-111 is amended to read:
             930           76-5-111. Abuse, neglect, or exploitation of a vulnerable adult -- Penalties.
             931          (1) As used in this section:
             932          (a) "Abandonment" means a knowing or intentional action or inaction, including
             933      desertion, by a person or entity acting as a caretaker for a vulnerable adult that leaves the
             934      vulnerable adult without the means or ability to obtain necessary food, clothing, shelter, or
             935      medical or other health care.
             936          (b) "Abuse" means:
             937          (i) attempting to cause harm, intentionally or knowingly causing harm, or intentionally
             938      or knowingly placing another in fear of imminent harm;
             939          (ii) causing physical injury by knowing or intentional acts or omissions;
             940          (iii) unreasonable or inappropriate use of physical restraint, medication, or isolation
             941      that causes or is likely to cause harm to a vulnerable adult that is in conflict with a physician's
             942      orders or used as an unauthorized substitute for treatment, unless that conduct furthers the
             943      health and safety of the adult; or
             944          (iv) deprivation of life-sustaining treatment, except:
             945          (A) as provided in Title 75, Chapter 2a, Advance Health Care Directive Act; or
             946          (B) when informed consent, as defined in this section, has been obtained.
             947          (c) "Business relationship" means a relationship between two or more individuals or
             948      entities where there exists an oral or written agreement for the exchange of goods or services.
             949          (d) (i) "Caretaker" means any person, entity, corporation, or public institution that
             950      assumes the responsibility to provide a vulnerable adult with care, food, shelter, clothing,
             951      supervision, medical or other health care, or other necessities.
             952          (ii) "Caretaker" includes a relative by blood or marriage, a household member, a person
             953      who is employed or who provides volunteer work, or a person who contracts or is under court


             954      order to provide care.
             955          (e) "Deception" means:
             956          (i) a misrepresentation or concealment:
             957          (A) of a material fact relating to services rendered, disposition of property, or use of
             958      property intended to benefit a vulnerable adult;
             959          (B) of the terms of a contract or agreement entered into with a vulnerable adult; or
             960          (C) relating to the existing or preexisting condition of any property involved in a
             961      contract or agreement entered into with a vulnerable adult; or
             962          (ii) the use or employment of any misrepresentation, false pretense, or false promise in
             963      order to induce, encourage, or solicit a vulnerable adult to enter into a contract or agreement.
             964          (f) "Elder adult" means a person 65 years of age or older.
             965          (g) "Endeavor" means to attempt or try.
             966          (h) "Exploitation" means [the] an offense described in Subsection (4) or Section
             967      76-5b-202 .
             968          (i) "Harm" means pain, mental anguish, emotional distress, hurt, physical or
             969      psychological damage, physical injury, suffering, or distress inflicted knowingly or
             970      intentionally.
             971          (j) "Informed consent" means:
             972          (i) a written expression by the person or authorized by the person, stating that the
             973      person fully understands the potential risks and benefits of the withdrawal of food, water,
             974      medication, medical services, shelter, cooling, heating, or other services necessary to maintain
             975      minimum physical or mental health, and that the person desires that the services be withdrawn.
             976      A written expression is valid only if the person is of sound mind when the consent is given, and
             977      the consent is witnessed by at least two individuals who do not benefit from the withdrawal of
             978      services; or
             979          (ii) consent to withdraw food, water, medication, medical services, shelter, cooling,
             980      heating, or other services necessary to maintain minimum physical or mental health, as
             981      permitted by court order.


             982          (k) "Intimidation" means communication conveyed through verbal or nonverbal
             983      conduct which threatens deprivation of money, food, clothing, medicine, shelter, social
             984      interaction, supervision, health care, or companionship, or which threatens isolation or harm.
             985          (l) (i) "Isolation" means knowingly or intentionally preventing a vulnerable adult from
             986      having contact with another person by:
             987          (A) preventing the vulnerable adult from receiving visitors, mail, or telephone calls,
             988      contrary to the express wishes of the vulnerable adult, including communicating to a visitor
             989      that the vulnerable adult is not present or does not want to meet with or talk to the visitor,
             990      knowing that communication to be false;
             991          (B) physically restraining the vulnerable adult in order to prevent the vulnerable adult
             992      from meeting with a visitor; or
             993          (C) making false or misleading statements to the vulnerable adult in order to induce the
             994      vulnerable adult to refuse to receive communication from visitors or other family members.
             995          (ii) The term "isolation" does not include an act intended to protect the physical or
             996      mental welfare of the vulnerable adult or an act performed pursuant to the treatment plan or
             997      instructions of a physician or other professional advisor of the vulnerable adult.
             998          (m) "Lacks capacity to consent" means an impairment by reason of mental illness,
             999      developmental disability, organic brain disorder, physical illness or disability, chronic use of
             1000      drugs, chronic intoxication, short-term memory loss, or other cause to the extent that a
             1001      vulnerable adult lacks sufficient understanding of the nature or consequences of decisions
             1002      concerning the adult's person or property.
             1003          (n) "Neglect" means:
             1004          (i) failure of a caretaker to provide nutrition, clothing, shelter, supervision, personal
             1005      care, or dental or other health care, or failure to provide protection from health and safety
             1006      hazards or maltreatment;
             1007          (ii) failure of a caretaker to provide care to a vulnerable adult in a timely manner and
             1008      with the degree of care that a reasonable person in a like position would exercise;
             1009          (iii) a pattern of conduct by a caretaker, without the vulnerable adult's informed


             1010      consent, resulting in deprivation of food, water, medication, health care, shelter, cooling,
             1011      heating, or other services necessary to maintain the vulnerable adult's well being;
             1012          (iv) intentional failure by a caretaker to carry out a prescribed treatment plan that
             1013      results or could result in physical injury or physical harm; or
             1014          (v) abandonment by a caretaker.
             1015          (o) "Physical injury" includes damage to any bodily tissue caused by nontherapeutic
             1016      conduct, to the extent that the tissue must undergo a healing process in order to be restored to a
             1017      sound and healthy condition, or damage to any bodily tissue to the extent that the tissue cannot
             1018      be restored to a sound and healthy condition. "Physical injury" includes skin bruising, a
             1019      dislocation, physical pain, illness, impairment of physical function, a pressure sore, bleeding,
             1020      malnutrition, dehydration, a burn, a bone fracture, a subdural hematoma, soft tissue swelling,
             1021      injury to any internal organ, or any other physical condition that imperils the health or welfare
             1022      of the vulnerable adult and is not a serious physical injury as defined in this section.
             1023          (p) "Position of trust and confidence" means the position of a person who:
             1024          (i) is a parent, spouse, adult child, or other relative by blood or marriage of a vulnerable
             1025      adult;
             1026          (ii) is a joint tenant or tenant in common with a vulnerable adult;
             1027          (iii) has a legal or fiduciary relationship with a vulnerable adult, including a
             1028      court-appointed or voluntary guardian, trustee, attorney, or conservator; or
             1029          (iv) is a caretaker of a vulnerable adult.
             1030          (q) "Serious physical injury" means any physical injury or set of physical injuries that:
             1031          (i) seriously impairs a vulnerable adult's health;
             1032          (ii) was caused by use of a dangerous weapon as defined in Section 76-1-601 ;
             1033          (iii) involves physical torture or causes serious emotional harm to a vulnerable adult; or
             1034          (iv) creates a reasonable risk of death.
             1035          [(r) "Sexual exploitation" means the production, distribution, possession, or possession
             1036      with the intent to distribute material or a live performance depicting a nude or partially nude
             1037      vulnerable adult who lacks the capacity to consent, for the purpose of sexual arousal of any


             1038      person.]
             1039          [(s)] (r) "Undue influence" occurs when a person uses the person's role, relationship, or
             1040      power to exploit, or knowingly assist or cause another to exploit, the trust, dependency, or fear
             1041      of a vulnerable adult, or uses the person's role, relationship, or power to gain control
             1042      deceptively over the decision making of the vulnerable adult.
             1043          [(t)] (s) "Vulnerable adult" means an elder adult, or an adult 18 years of age or older
             1044      who has a mental or physical impairment which substantially affects that person's ability to:
             1045          (i) provide personal protection;
             1046          (ii) provide necessities such as food, shelter, clothing, or medical or other health care;
             1047          (iii) obtain services necessary for health, safety, or welfare;
             1048          (iv) carry out the activities of daily living;
             1049          (v) manage the adult's own resources; or
             1050          (vi) comprehend the nature and consequences of remaining in a situation of abuse,
             1051      neglect, or exploitation.
             1052          (2) Under any circumstances likely to produce death or serious physical injury, any
             1053      person, including a caretaker, who causes a vulnerable adult to suffer serious physical injury or,
             1054      having the care or custody of a vulnerable adult, causes or permits that adult's person or health
             1055      to be injured, or causes or permits a vulnerable adult to be placed in a situation where the
             1056      adult's person or health is endangered, is guilty of the offense of aggravated abuse of a
             1057      vulnerable adult as follows:
             1058          (a) if done intentionally or knowingly, the offense is a second degree felony;
             1059          (b) if done recklessly, the offense is third degree felony; and
             1060          (c) if done with criminal negligence, the offense is a class A misdemeanor.
             1061          (3) Under circumstances other than those likely to produce death or serious physical
             1062      injury any person, including a caretaker, who causes a vulnerable adult to suffer harm, abuse,
             1063      or neglect; or, having the care or custody of a vulnerable adult, causes or permits that adult's
             1064      person or health to be injured, abused, or neglected, or causes or permits a vulnerable adult to
             1065      be placed in a situation where the adult's person or health is endangered, is guilty of the offense


             1066      of abuse of a vulnerable adult as follows:
             1067          (a) if done intentionally or knowingly, the offense is a class A misdemeanor;
             1068          (b) if done recklessly, the offense is a class B misdemeanor; and
             1069          (c) if done with criminal negligence, the offense is a class C misdemeanor.
             1070          (4) (a) A person commits the offense of exploitation of a vulnerable adult when the
             1071      person:
             1072          (i) is in a position of trust and confidence, or has a business relationship, with the
             1073      vulnerable adult or has undue influence over the vulnerable adult and knowingly, by deception
             1074      or intimidation, obtains or uses, or endeavors to obtain or use, the vulnerable adult's funds,
             1075      credit, assets, or other property with the intent to temporarily or permanently deprive the
             1076      vulnerable adult of the use, benefit, or possession of the adult's property, for the benefit of
             1077      someone other than the vulnerable adult;
             1078          (ii) knows or should know that the vulnerable adult lacks the capacity to consent, and
             1079      obtains or uses, or endeavors to obtain or use, or assists another in obtaining or using or
             1080      endeavoring to obtain or use, the vulnerable adult's funds, assets, or property with the intent to
             1081      temporarily or permanently deprive the vulnerable adult of the use, benefit, or possession of his
             1082      property for the benefit of someone other than the vulnerable adult;
             1083          (iii) unjustly or improperly uses or manages the resources of a vulnerable adult for the
             1084      profit or advantage of someone other than the vulnerable adult;
             1085          (iv) unjustly or improperly uses a vulnerable adult's power of attorney or guardianship
             1086      for the profit or advantage of someone other than the vulnerable adult; or
             1087          (v) involves a vulnerable adult who lacks the capacity to consent in the facilitation or
             1088      furtherance of any criminal activity[; or].
             1089          [(vi) commits sexual exploitation of a vulnerable adult.]
             1090          (b) A person is guilty of the offense of exploitation of a vulnerable adult as follows:
             1091          (i) if done intentionally or knowingly and the aggregate value of the resources used or
             1092      the profit made is or exceeds $5,000, the offense is a second degree felony;
             1093          (ii) if done intentionally or knowingly and the aggregate value of the resources used or


             1094      the profit made is less than $5,000 or cannot be determined, the offense is a third degree
             1095      felony;
             1096          (iii) if done recklessly, the offense is a class A misdemeanor; or
             1097          (iv) if done with criminal negligence, the offense is a class B misdemeanor.
             1098          (5) It does not constitute a defense to a prosecution for any violation of this section that
             1099      the accused did not know the age of the victim.
             1100          (6) An adult is not considered abused, neglected, or a vulnerable adult for the reason
             1101      that the adult has chosen to rely solely upon religious, nonmedical forms of healing in lieu of
             1102      medical care.
             1103          Section 12. Section 76-5-112.5 is amended to read:
             1104           76-5-112.5. Endangerment of a child or vulnerable adult.
             1105          (1) As used in this section:
             1106          (a) (i) "Chemical substance" means:
             1107          (A) a substance intended to be used as a precursor in the manufacture of a controlled
             1108      substance;
             1109          (B) a substance intended to be used in the manufacture of a controlled substance; or
             1110          (C) any fumes or by-product resulting from the manufacture of a controlled substance.
             1111          (ii) Intent under this Subsection (1)(a) may be demonstrated by:
             1112          (A) the use, quantity, or manner of storage of the substance; or
             1113          (B) the proximity of the substance to other precursors or to manufacturing equipment.
             1114          (b) "Child" means a human being who is under 18 years of age.
             1115          (c) "Controlled substance" is as defined in Section 58-37-2 .
             1116          (d) "Drug paraphernalia" is as defined in Section 58-37a-3 .
             1117          (e) "Exposed to" means that the child or vulnerable adult:
             1118          (i) is able to access or view an unlawfully possessed:
             1119          (A) controlled substance; or
             1120          (B) chemical substance;
             1121          (ii) has the reasonable capacity to access drug paraphernalia; or


             1122          (iii) is able to smell an odor produced during, or as a result of, the manufacture or
             1123      production of a controlled substance.
             1124          (f) "Prescription" is as defined in Section 58-37-2 .
             1125          (g) "Vulnerable adult" is as defined in Subsection 76-5-111 (1)[(t)].
             1126          (2) Unless a greater penalty is otherwise provided by law:
             1127          (a) except as provided in Subsection (2)(b) or (c), a person is guilty of a felony of the
             1128      third degree if the person knowingly or intentionally causes or permits a child or a vulnerable
             1129      adult to be exposed to, inhale, ingest, or have contact with a controlled substance, chemical
             1130      substance, or drug paraphernalia;
             1131          (b) except as provided in Subsection (2)(c), a person is guilty of a felony of the second
             1132      degree, if:
             1133          (i) the person engages in the conduct described in Subsection (2)(a); and
             1134          (ii) as a result of the conduct described in Subsection (2)(a), a child or a vulnerable
             1135      adult suffers bodily injury, substantial bodily injury, or serious bodily injury; or
             1136          (c) a person is guilty of a felony of the first degree, if:
             1137          (i) the person engages in the conduct described in Subsection (2)(a); and
             1138          (ii) as a result of the conduct described in Subsection (2)(a), a child or a vulnerable
             1139      adult dies.
             1140          (3) It is an affirmative defense to a violation of this section that the controlled
             1141      substance:
             1142          (a) was obtained by lawful prescription; and
             1143          (b) is used or possessed by the person to whom it was lawfully prescribed.
             1144          (4) The penalties described in this section are separate from, and in addition to, the
             1145      penalties and enhancements described in Title 58, Occupations and Professions.
             1146          Section 13. Section 76-5b-101 is enacted to read:
             1147     
CHAPTER 5b. SEXUAL EXPLOITATION ACT

             1148     
Part 1. General Provisions

             1149          76-5b-101. Title.


             1150          This chapter is known as the "Sexual Exploitation Act."
             1151          Section 14. Section 76-5b-102 , which is renumbered from Section 76-5a-1 is
             1152      renumbered and amended to read:
             1153           [76-5a-1].     76-5b-102. Legislative determinations -- Purpose of chapter.
             1154          (1) The Legislature of Utah determines that:
             1155          (a) the sexual exploitation of [minors] a minor is excessively harmful to [their] the
             1156      minor's physiological, emotional, social, and mental development; [that minors]
             1157          (b) the sexual exploitation of a vulnerable adult who lacks the capacity to consent to
             1158      sexual exploitation can result in excessive harm to the vulnerable adult's physiological,
             1159      emotional, and social well-being;
             1160          (c) a minor cannot intelligently and knowingly consent to sexual exploitation; [that]
             1161          (d) regardless of whether it is classified as legally obscene, material that sexually
             1162      exploits [minors] a minor, or a vulnerable adult who does not have the capacity to consent to
             1163      sexual exploitation, is not protected by the First Amendment of the United States Constitution
             1164      or by the First or Fifteenth sections of Article I of the Utah Constitution and may be prohibited;
             1165      and [that]
             1166          (e) prohibition of and punishment for the distribution, possession, possession with
             1167      intent to distribute, and production of materials that sexually exploit [minors] a minor, or a
             1168      vulnerable adult who lacks the capacity to consent to sexual exploitation, is necessary and
             1169      justified to eliminate the market for those materials and to reduce the harm to the minor or
             1170      vulnerable adult inherent in the perpetuation of the record of [his] the minor's or vulnerable
             1171      adult's sexually exploitive activities.
             1172          (2) It is the purpose of this chapter to prohibit the production, possession, possession
             1173      with intent to distribute, and distribution of materials [which] that sexually exploit [minors] a
             1174      minor, or a vulnerable adult who lacks capacity to consent to sexual exploitation, regardless of
             1175      whether the materials are classified as legally obscene.
             1176          Section 15. Section 76-5b-103 , which is renumbered from Section 76-5a-2 is
             1177      renumbered and amended to read:


             1178           [76-5a-2].     76-5b-103. Definitions.
             1179          As used in this chapter:
             1180          (1) "Child pornography" means any visual depiction, including any live performance,
             1181      photograph, film, video, picture, or computer or computer-generated image or picture, whether
             1182      made or produced by electronic, mechanical, or other means, of sexually explicit conduct,
             1183      where:
             1184          (a) the production of the visual depiction involves the use of a minor engaging in
             1185      sexually explicit conduct;
             1186          (b) the visual depiction is of a minor engaging in sexually explicit conduct; or
             1187          (c) the visual depiction has been created, adapted, or modified to appear that an
             1188      identifiable minor is engaging in sexually explicit conduct.
             1189          (2) "Distribute" means the selling, exhibiting, displaying, wholesaling, retailing,
             1190      providing, giving, granting admission to, or otherwise transferring or presenting child
             1191      pornography or vulnerable adult pornography with or without consideration.
             1192          (3) "Identifiable minor"[: (a)] means a person:
             1193          [(i) (A)] (a) (i) who was a minor at the time the visual depiction was created, adapted,
             1194      or modified; or
             1195          [(B)] (ii) whose image as a minor was used in creating, adapting, or modifying the
             1196      visual depiction; and
             1197          [(ii)] (b) who is recognizable as an actual person by the person's face, likeness, or other
             1198      distinguishing characteristic, such as a birthmark, or other recognizable feature[; and].
             1199          [(b) does not require proof of the actual identity of the identifiable minor.]
             1200          (4) "Identifiable vulnerable adult" means a person:
             1201          (a) (i) who was a vulnerable adult at the time the visual depiction was created, adapted,
             1202      or modified; or
             1203          (ii) whose image as a vulnerable adult was used in creating, adapting, or modifying the
             1204      visual depiction; and
             1205          (b) who is recognizable as an actual person by the person's face, likeness, or other


             1206      distinguishing characteristic, such as a birthmark, or other recognizable feature.
             1207          (5) "Lacks capacity to consent" is as defined in Subsection 76-5-111 (1).
             1208          [(4)] (6) "Live performance" means any act, play, dance, pantomime, song, or other
             1209      activity performed by live actors in person.
             1210          [(5)] (7) "Minor" means a person younger than 18 years of age.
             1211          [(6)] (8) "Nudity or partial nudity" means any state of dress or undress in which the
             1212      human genitals, pubic region, buttocks, or the female breast, at a point below the top of the
             1213      areola, is less than completely and opaquely covered.
             1214          [(7)] (9) "Produce" means:
             1215          (a) the photographing, filming, taping, directing, producing, creating, designing, or
             1216      composing of child pornography or vulnerable adult pornography; or
             1217          (b) the securing or hiring of persons to engage in the [production of child pornography]
             1218      photographing, filming, taping, directing, producing, creating, designing, or composing of child
             1219      pornography or vulnerable adult pornography.
             1220          [(8)] (10) "Sexually explicit conduct" means actual or simulated:
             1221          (a) sexual intercourse, including genital-genital, oral-genital, anal-genital, or oral-anal,
             1222      whether between persons of the same or opposite sex;
             1223          (b) masturbation;
             1224          (c) bestiality;
             1225          (d) sadistic or masochistic activities;
             1226          (e) lascivious exhibition of the genitals or pubic area of any person;
             1227          (f) the visual depiction of nudity or partial nudity for the purpose of causing sexual
             1228      arousal of any person;
             1229          (g) the fondling or touching of the genitals, pubic region, buttocks, or female breast; or
             1230          (h) the explicit representation of the defecation or urination functions.
             1231          [(9)] (11) "Simulated sexually explicit conduct" means a feigned or pretended act of
             1232      sexually explicit conduct which duplicates, within the perception of an average person, the
             1233      appearance of an actual act of sexually explicit conduct.


             1234          (12) "Vulnerable adult" is as defined in Subsection 76-5-111 (1).
             1235          (13) "Vulnerable adult pornography" means any visual depiction, including any live
             1236      performance, photograph, film, video, picture, or computer or computer-generated image or
             1237      picture, whether made or produced by electronic, mechanical, or other means, of sexually
             1238      explicit conduct, where:
             1239          (a) the production of the visual depiction involves the use of a vulnerable adult
             1240      engaging in sexually explicit conduct;
             1241          (b) the visual depiction is of a vulnerable adult engaging in sexually explicit conduct;
             1242      or
             1243          (c) the visual depiction has been created, adapted, or modified to appear that an
             1244      identifiable vulnerable adult is engaging in sexually explicit conduct.
             1245          Section 16. Section 76-5b-201 , which is renumbered from Section 76-5a-3 is
             1246      renumbered and amended to read:
             1247     
Part 2. Sexual Exploitation

             1248           [76-5a-3].     76-5b-201. Sexual exploitation of a minor -- Offenses.
             1249          (1) A person is guilty of sexual exploitation of a minor:
             1250          (a) when the person:
             1251          (i) knowingly produces, possesses, or possesses with intent to distribute child
             1252      pornography; or
             1253          (ii) intentionally distributes or views child pornography; or
             1254          (b) if the person is a minor's parent or legal guardian and knowingly consents to or
             1255      permits [that] the minor to be sexually exploited [under] as described in Subsection (1)(a).
             1256          (2) Sexual exploitation of a minor is a [felony of the] second degree felony.
             1257          (3) It is a separate offense under this section:
             1258          (a) for each minor depicted[, and if more than one minor is depicted in the child
             1259      pornography in violation of this section, the depiction of each individual minor] in the child
             1260      pornography [is a separate offense]; and
             1261          (b) for each time the same minor is depicted in different child pornography.


             1262          (4) It is an affirmative defense to a charge of violating this section that no person under
             1263      18 years of age was actually depicted in the visual depiction or used in producing or advertising
             1264      the visual depiction.
             1265          (5) In proving a violation of this section in relation to an identifiable minor, proof of
             1266      the actual identity of the identifiable minor is not required.
             1267          [(5)] (6) This section may not be construed to impose criminal or civil liability on:
             1268          (a) any entity or an employee, director, officer, or agent of an entity when acting within
             1269      the scope of employment, for the good faith performance of:
             1270          (i) reporting or data preservation duties required under any federal or state law; or
             1271          (ii) implementing a policy of attempting to prevent the presence of child pornography
             1272      on any tangible or intangible property, or of detecting and reporting the presence of child
             1273      pornography on the property; or
             1274          (b) any law enforcement officer acting within the scope of a criminal investigation.
             1275          Section 17. Section 76-5b-202 is enacted to read:
             1276          76-5b-202. Sexual exploitation of a vulnerable adult -- Offenses.
             1277          (1) A person is guilty of sexual exploitation of a vulnerable adult if the person:
             1278          (a) (i) (A) knowingly produces, possesses, or possesses with intent to distribute
             1279      material that the person knows is vulnerable adult pornography; or
             1280          (B) intentionally distributes or views material that the person knows is vulnerable adult
             1281      pornography; and
             1282          (ii) the vulnerable adult who appears in, or is depicted in, the vulnerable adult
             1283      pornography lacks capacity to consent to the conduct described in Subsection (1)(a); or
             1284          (b) is a vulnerable adult's legal guardian and knowingly consents to, or permits the
             1285      vulnerable adult to be, sexually exploited as described in Subsection (1)(a).
             1286          (2) Sexual exploitation of a vulnerable adult is a third degree felony.
             1287          (3) It is a separate offense under this section:
             1288          (a) for each vulnerable adult depicted in the vulnerable adult pornography; and
             1289          (b) for each time the same vulnerable adult is depicted in different vulnerable adult


             1290      pornography.
             1291          (4) It is an affirmative defense to a charge of violating this section that no vulnerable
             1292      adult was actually depicted in the visual depiction or used in producing or advertising the
             1293      visual depiction.
             1294          (5) In proving a violation of this section in relation to an identifiable vulnerable adult,
             1295      proof of the actual identity of the identifiable vulnerable adult is not required.
             1296          (6) This section may not be construed to impose criminal or civil liability on:
             1297          (a) any entity or an employee, director, officer, or agent of an entity, when acting
             1298      within the scope of employment, for the good faith performance of:
             1299          (i) reporting or data preservation duties required under any federal or state law; or
             1300          (ii) implementing a policy of attempting to prevent the presence of vulnerable adult
             1301      pornography on any tangible or intangible property, or of detecting and reporting the presence
             1302      of vulnerable adult pornography on the property; or
             1303          (b) any law enforcement officer acting within the scope of a criminal investigation.
             1304          Section 18. Section 76-5b-301 , which is renumbered from Section 76-5a-4 is
             1305      renumbered and amended to read:
             1306     
Part 3. Miscellaneous

             1307           [76-5a-4].     76-5b-301. Determination whether material violates chapter.
             1308          (1) In determining whether material is in violation of this chapter, the material need not
             1309      be considered as a whole, but may be examined by the trier of fact in part only.
             1310          (2) It is not an element of the offense of sexual exploitation of a minor that the material
             1311      appeal to the prurient interest in sex of the average person nor that prohibited conduct need be
             1312      portrayed in a patently offensive manner.
             1313          (3) It is not an element of the offense of sexual exploitation of a vulnerable adult that
             1314      the material appeal to the prurient interest in sex of the average person nor that prohibited
             1315      conduct need be portrayed in a patently offensive manner.
             1316          Section 19. Section 76-5b-302 is enacted to read:
             1317          76-5b-302. Lack of knowledge of age not a defense.


             1318          It is not a defense to an offense described in this chapter that the accused did not know
             1319      the age of the victim.
             1320          Section 20. Section 76-9-702.5 is amended to read:
             1321           76-9-702.5. Lewdness involving a child.
             1322          (1) A person is guilty of lewdness involving a child if the person under circumstances
             1323      not amounting to rape of a child, object rape of a child, sodomy upon a child, sexual abuse of a
             1324      child, aggravated sexual abuse of a child, or an attempt to commit any of those offenses,
             1325      intentionally or knowingly does any of the following to, or in the presence of a child who is
             1326      under 14 years of age:
             1327          (a) performs an act of sexual intercourse or sodomy;
             1328          (b) exposes his or her genitals, the female breast below the top of the areola, the
             1329      buttocks, the anus, or the pubic area:
             1330          (i) in a public place; or
             1331          (ii) in a private place:
             1332          (A) under circumstances the person should know will likely cause affront or alarm; or
             1333          (B) with the intent to arouse or gratify the sexual desire of the actor or the child;
             1334          (c) masturbates;
             1335          (d) under circumstances not amounting to sexual exploitation of a child under Section
             1336      [ 76-5a-3 ] 76-5b-201 , causes a child under the age of 14 years to expose his or her genitals,
             1337      anus, or breast, if female, to the actor, with the intent to arouse or gratify the sexual desire of
             1338      the actor or the child; or
             1339          (e) performs any other act of lewdness.
             1340          (2) (a) Lewdness involving a child is a class A misdemeanor, except under Subsection
             1341      (2)(b).
             1342          (b) Lewdness involving a child is a third degree felony if at the time of the violation:
             1343          (i) the person is a sex offender as defined in Section 77-27-21.7 ; or
             1344          (ii) the person has previously been convicted of a violation of this section.
             1345          Section 21. Section 76-10-1602 (Superseded 07/01/11) is amended to read:


             1346           76-10-1602 (Superseded 07/01/11). Definitions.
             1347          As used in this part:
             1348          (1) "Enterprise" means any individual, sole proprietorship, partnership, corporation,
             1349      business trust, association, or other legal entity, and any union or group of individuals
             1350      associated in fact although not a legal entity, and includes illicit as well as licit entities.
             1351          (2) "Pattern of unlawful activity" means engaging in conduct which constitutes the
             1352      commission of at least three episodes of unlawful activity, which episodes are not isolated, but
             1353      have the same or similar purposes, results, participants, victims, or methods of commission, or
             1354      otherwise are interrelated by distinguishing characteristics. Taken together, the episodes shall
             1355      demonstrate continuing unlawful conduct and be related either to each other or to the
             1356      enterprise. At least one of the episodes comprising a pattern of unlawful activity shall have
             1357      occurred after July 31, 1981. The most recent act constituting part of a pattern of unlawful
             1358      activity as defined by this part shall have occurred within five years of the commission of the
             1359      next preceding act alleged as part of the pattern.
             1360          (3) "Person" includes any individual or entity capable of holding a legal or beneficial
             1361      interest in property, including state, county, and local governmental entities.
             1362          (4) "Unlawful activity" means to directly engage in conduct or to solicit, request,
             1363      command, encourage, or intentionally aid another person to engage in conduct which would
             1364      constitute any offense described by the following crimes or categories of crimes, or to attempt
             1365      or conspire to engage in an act which would constitute any of those offenses, regardless of
             1366      whether the act is in fact charged or indicted by any authority or is classified as a misdemeanor
             1367      or a felony:
             1368          (a) any act prohibited by the criminal provisions of Title 13, Chapter 10, Unauthorized
             1369      Recording Practices Act;
             1370          (b) any act prohibited by the criminal provisions of Title 19, Environmental Quality
             1371      Code, Sections 19-1-101 through 19-7-109 ;
             1372          (c) taking, destroying, or possessing wildlife or parts of wildlife for the primary
             1373      purpose of sale, trade, or other pecuniary gain, in violation of Title 23, Wildlife Resources


             1374      Code of Utah, or Section 23-20-4 ;
             1375          (d) false claims for medical benefits, kickbacks, and any other act prohibited by Title
             1376      26, Chapter 20, Utah False Claims Act, Sections 26-20-1 through 26-20-12 ;
             1377          (e) any act prohibited by the criminal provisions of Title 32A, Chapter 12, Criminal
             1378      Offenses;
             1379          (f) any act prohibited by the criminal provisions of Title 57, Chapter 11, Utah Uniform
             1380      Land Sales Practices Act;
             1381          (g) any act prohibited by the criminal provisions of Title 58, Chapter 37, Utah
             1382      Controlled Substances Act, or Title 58, Chapter 37b, Imitation Controlled Substances Act,
             1383      Title 58, Chapter 37c, Utah Controlled Substance Precursor Act, or Title 58, Chapter 37d,
             1384      Clandestine Drug Lab Act;
             1385          (h) any act prohibited by the criminal provisions of Title 61, Chapter 1, Utah Uniform
             1386      Securities Act;
             1387          (i) any act prohibited by the criminal provisions of Title 63G, Chapter 6 Utah
             1388      Procurement Code;
             1389          (j) assault or aggravated assault, Sections 76-5-102 and 76-5-103 ;
             1390          (k) a threat of terrorism, Section 76-5-107.3 ;
             1391          (l) criminal homicide, Sections 76-5-201 , 76-5-202 , and 76-5-203 ;
             1392          (m) kidnapping or aggravated kidnapping, Sections 76-5-301 and 76-5-302 ;
             1393          (n) sexual exploitation of a minor, Section [ 76-5a-3 ] 76-5b-201 ;
             1394          (o) arson or aggravated arson, Sections 76-6-102 and 76-6-103 ;
             1395          (p) causing a catastrophe, Section 76-6-105 ;
             1396          (q) burglary or aggravated burglary, Sections 76-6-202 and 76-6-203 ;
             1397          (r) burglary of a vehicle, Section 76-6-204 ;
             1398          (s) manufacture or possession of an instrument for burglary or theft, Section 76-6-205 ;
             1399          (t) robbery or aggravated robbery, Sections 76-6-301 and 76-6-302 ;
             1400          (u) theft, Section 76-6-404 ;
             1401          (v) theft by deception, Section 76-6-405 ;


             1402          (w) theft by extortion, Section 76-6-406 ;
             1403          (x) receiving stolen property, Section 76-6-408 ;
             1404          (y) theft of services, Section 76-6-409 ;
             1405          (z) forgery, Section 76-6-501 ;
             1406          (aa) fraudulent use of a credit card, Sections [ 76-6-506.1 , 76-6-506.2 , and 76-6-506.4 ]
             1407      76-6-506.2 , 76-6-506.3 , 76-6-506.5 , and 76-6-506.6 ;
             1408          (bb) deceptive business practices, Section 76-6-507 ;
             1409          (cc) bribery or receiving bribe by person in the business of selection, appraisal, or
             1410      criticism of goods, Section 76-6-508 ;
             1411          (dd) bribery of a labor official, Section 76-6-509 ;
             1412          (ee) defrauding creditors, Section 76-6-511 ;
             1413          (ff) acceptance of deposit by insolvent financial institution, Section 76-6-512 ;
             1414          (gg) unlawful dealing with property by fiduciary, Section 76-6-513 ;
             1415          (hh) bribery or threat to influence contest, Section 76-6-514 ;
             1416          (ii) making a false credit report, Section 76-6-517 ;
             1417          (jj) criminal simulation, Section 76-6-518 ;
             1418          (kk) criminal usury, Section 76-6-520 ;
             1419          (ll) fraudulent insurance act, Section 76-6-521 ;
             1420          (mm) retail theft, Section 76-6-602 ;
             1421          (nn) computer crimes, Section 76-6-703 ;
             1422          (oo) identity fraud, Section 76-6-1102 ;
             1423          (pp) mortgage fraud, Section 76-6-1203 ;
             1424          (qq) sale of a child, Section 76-7-203 ;
             1425          (rr) bribery to influence official or political actions, Section 76-8-103 ;
             1426          (ss) threats to influence official or political action, Section 76-8-104 ;
             1427          (tt) receiving bribe or bribery by public servant, Section 76-8-105 ;
             1428          (uu) receiving bribe or bribery for endorsement of person as public servant, Section
             1429      76-8-106 ;


             1430          (vv) official misconduct, Sections 76-8-201 and 76-8-202 ;
             1431          (ww) obstruction of justice, Section 76-8-306 ;
             1432          (xx) acceptance of bribe or bribery to prevent criminal prosecution, Section 76-8-308 ;
             1433          (yy) false or inconsistent material statements, Section 76-8-502 ;
             1434          (zz) false or inconsistent statements, Section 76-8-503 ;
             1435          (aaa) written false statements, Section 76-8-504 ;
             1436          (bbb) tampering with a witness or soliciting or receiving a bribe, Section 76-8-508 ;
             1437          (ccc) retaliation against a witness, victim, or informant, Section 76-8-508.3 ;
             1438          (ddd) extortion or bribery to dismiss criminal proceeding, Section 76-8-509 ;
             1439          (eee) public assistance fraud in violation of Section 76-8-1203 , 76-8-1204 , or
             1440      76-8-1205 ;
             1441          (fff) unemployment insurance fraud, Section 76-8-1301 ;
             1442          (ggg) intentionally or knowingly causing one animal to fight with another, Subsection
             1443      76-9-301 (2)(d) or (e), or Section 76-9-301.1 ;
             1444          (hhh) possession, use, or removal of explosives, chemical, or incendiary devices or
             1445      parts, Section 76-10-306 ;
             1446          (iii) delivery to common carrier, mailing, or placement on premises of an incendiary
             1447      device, Section 76-10-307 ;
             1448          (jjj) possession of a deadly weapon with intent to assault, Section 76-10-507 ;
             1449          (kkk) unlawful marking of pistol or revolver, Section 76-10-521 ;
             1450          (lll) alteration of number or mark on pistol or revolver, Section 76-10-522 ;
             1451          (mmm) forging or counterfeiting trademarks, trade name, or trade device, Section
             1452      76-10-1002 ;
             1453          (nnn) selling goods under counterfeited trademark, trade name, or trade devices,
             1454      Section 76-10-1003 ;
             1455          (ooo) sales in containers bearing registered trademark of substituted articles, Section
             1456      76-10-1004 ;
             1457          (ppp) selling or dealing with article bearing registered trademark or service mark with


             1458      intent to defraud, Section 76-10-1006 ;
             1459          (qqq) gambling, Section 76-10-1102 ;
             1460          (rrr) gambling fraud, Section 76-10-1103 ;
             1461          (sss) gambling promotion, Section 76-10-1104 ;
             1462          (ttt) possessing a gambling device or record, Section 76-10-1105 ;
             1463          (uuu) confidence game, Section 76-10-1109 ;
             1464          (vvv) distributing pornographic material, Section 76-10-1204 ;
             1465          (www) inducing acceptance of pornographic material, Section 76-10-1205 ;
             1466          (xxx) dealing in harmful material to a minor, Section 76-10-1206 ;
             1467          (yyy) distribution of pornographic films, Section 76-10-1222 ;
             1468          (zzz) indecent public displays, Section 76-10-1228 ;
             1469          (aaaa) prostitution, Section 76-10-1302 ;
             1470          (bbbb) aiding prostitution, Section 76-10-1304 ;
             1471          (cccc) exploiting prostitution, Section 76-10-1305 ;
             1472          (dddd) aggravated exploitation of prostitution, Section 76-10-1306 ;
             1473          (eeee) communications fraud, Section 76-10-1801 ;
             1474          (ffff) any act prohibited by the criminal provisions of Chapter 10, Part 19, Money
             1475      Laundering and Currency Transaction Reporting Act;
             1476          (gggg) vehicle compartment for contraband, Section 76-10-2801 ;
             1477          (hhhh) any act prohibited by the criminal provisions of the laws governing taxation in
             1478      this state; and
             1479          (iiii) any act illegal under the laws of the United States and enumerated in Title 18,
             1480      Section 1961 (1)(B), (C), and (D) of the United States Code.
             1481          Section 22. Section 76-10-1602 (Effective 07/01/11) is amended to read:
             1482           76-10-1602 (Effective 07/01/11). Definitions.
             1483          As used in this part:
             1484          (1) "Enterprise" means any individual, sole proprietorship, partnership, corporation,
             1485      business trust, association, or other legal entity, and any union or group of individuals


             1486      associated in fact although not a legal entity, and includes illicit as well as licit entities.
             1487          (2) "Pattern of unlawful activity" means engaging in conduct which constitutes the
             1488      commission of at least three episodes of unlawful activity, which episodes are not isolated, but
             1489      have the same or similar purposes, results, participants, victims, or methods of commission, or
             1490      otherwise are interrelated by distinguishing characteristics. Taken together, the episodes shall
             1491      demonstrate continuing unlawful conduct and be related either to each other or to the
             1492      enterprise. At least one of the episodes comprising a pattern of unlawful activity shall have
             1493      occurred after July 31, 1981. The most recent act constituting part of a pattern of unlawful
             1494      activity as defined by this part shall have occurred within five years of the commission of the
             1495      next preceding act alleged as part of the pattern.
             1496          (3) "Person" includes any individual or entity capable of holding a legal or beneficial
             1497      interest in property, including state, county, and local governmental entities.
             1498          (4) "Unlawful activity" means to directly engage in conduct or to solicit, request,
             1499      command, encourage, or intentionally aid another person to engage in conduct which would
             1500      constitute any offense described by the following crimes or categories of crimes, or to attempt
             1501      or conspire to engage in an act which would constitute any of those offenses, regardless of
             1502      whether the act is in fact charged or indicted by any authority or is classified as a misdemeanor
             1503      or a felony:
             1504          (a) any act prohibited by the criminal provisions of Title 13, Chapter 10, Unauthorized
             1505      Recording Practices Act;
             1506          (b) any act prohibited by the criminal provisions of Title 19, Environmental Quality
             1507      Code, Sections 19-1-101 through 19-7-109 ;
             1508          (c) taking, destroying, or possessing wildlife or parts of wildlife for the primary
             1509      purpose of sale, trade, or other pecuniary gain, in violation of Title 23, Wildlife Resources
             1510      Code of Utah, or Section 23-20-4 ;
             1511          (d) false claims for medical benefits, kickbacks, and any other act prohibited by Title
             1512      26, Chapter 20, Utah False Claims Act, Sections 26-20-1 through 26-20-12 ;
             1513          (e) any act prohibited by the criminal provisions of Title 32B, Chapter 4, Criminal


             1514      Offenses and Procedure Act;
             1515          (f) any act prohibited by the criminal provisions of Title 57, Chapter 11, Utah Uniform
             1516      Land Sales Practices Act;
             1517          (g) any act prohibited by the criminal provisions of Title 58, Chapter 37, Utah
             1518      Controlled Substances Act, or Title 58, Chapter 37b, Imitation Controlled Substances Act,
             1519      Title 58, Chapter 37c, Utah Controlled Substance Precursor Act, or Title 58, Chapter 37d,
             1520      Clandestine Drug Lab Act;
             1521          (h) any act prohibited by the criminal provisions of Title 61, Chapter 1, Utah Uniform
             1522      Securities Act;
             1523          (i) any act prohibited by the criminal provisions of Title 63G, Chapter 6 Utah
             1524      Procurement Code;
             1525          (j) assault or aggravated assault, Sections 76-5-102 and 76-5-103 ;
             1526          (k) a threat of terrorism, Section 76-5-107.3 ;
             1527          (l) criminal homicide, Sections 76-5-201 , 76-5-202 , and 76-5-203 ;
             1528          (m) kidnapping or aggravated kidnapping, Sections 76-5-301 and 76-5-302 ;
             1529          (n) sexual exploitation of a minor, Section [ 76-5a-3 ] 76-5b-201 ;
             1530          (o) arson or aggravated arson, Sections 76-6-102 and 76-6-103 ;
             1531          (p) causing a catastrophe, Section 76-6-105 ;
             1532          (q) burglary or aggravated burglary, Sections 76-6-202 and 76-6-203 ;
             1533          (r) burglary of a vehicle, Section 76-6-204 ;
             1534          (s) manufacture or possession of an instrument for burglary or theft, Section 76-6-205 ;
             1535          (t) robbery or aggravated robbery, Sections 76-6-301 and 76-6-302 ;
             1536          (u) theft, Section 76-6-404 ;
             1537          (v) theft by deception, Section 76-6-405 ;
             1538          (w) theft by extortion, Section 76-6-406 ;
             1539          (x) receiving stolen property, Section 76-6-408 ;
             1540          (y) theft of services, Section 76-6-409 ;
             1541          (z) forgery, Section 76-6-501 ;


             1542          (aa) fraudulent use of a credit card, Sections [ 76-6-506.1 , 76-6-506.2 , and 76-6-506.4 ]
             1543      76-6-506.2 , 76-6-506.3 , 76-6-506.5 , and 76-6-506.6 ;
             1544          (bb) deceptive business practices, Section 76-6-507 ;
             1545          (cc) bribery or receiving bribe by person in the business of selection, appraisal, or
             1546      criticism of goods, Section 76-6-508 ;
             1547          (dd) bribery of a labor official, Section 76-6-509 ;
             1548          (ee) defrauding creditors, Section 76-6-511 ;
             1549          (ff) acceptance of deposit by insolvent financial institution, Section 76-6-512 ;
             1550          (gg) unlawful dealing with property by fiduciary, Section 76-6-513 ;
             1551          (hh) bribery or threat to influence contest, Section 76-6-514 ;
             1552          (ii) making a false credit report, Section 76-6-517 ;
             1553          (jj) criminal simulation, Section 76-6-518 ;
             1554          (kk) criminal usury, Section 76-6-520 ;
             1555          (ll) fraudulent insurance act, Section 76-6-521 ;
             1556          (mm) retail theft, Section 76-6-602 ;
             1557          (nn) computer crimes, Section 76-6-703 ;
             1558          (oo) identity fraud, Section 76-6-1102 ;
             1559          (pp) mortgage fraud, Section 76-6-1203 ;
             1560          (qq) sale of a child, Section 76-7-203 ;
             1561          (rr) bribery to influence official or political actions, Section 76-8-103 ;
             1562          (ss) threats to influence official or political action, Section 76-8-104 ;
             1563          (tt) receiving bribe or bribery by public servant, Section 76-8-105 ;
             1564          (uu) receiving bribe or bribery for endorsement of person as public servant, Section
             1565      76-8-106 ;
             1566          (vv) official misconduct, Sections 76-8-201 and 76-8-202 ;
             1567          (ww) obstruction of justice, Section 76-8-306 ;
             1568          (xx) acceptance of bribe or bribery to prevent criminal prosecution, Section 76-8-308 ;
             1569          (yy) false or inconsistent material statements, Section 76-8-502 ;


             1570          (zz) false or inconsistent statements, Section 76-8-503 ;
             1571          (aaa) written false statements, Section 76-8-504 ;
             1572          (bbb) tampering with a witness or soliciting or receiving a bribe, Section 76-8-508 ;
             1573          (ccc) retaliation against a witness, victim, or informant, Section 76-8-508.3 ;
             1574          (ddd) extortion or bribery to dismiss criminal proceeding, Section 76-8-509 ;
             1575          (eee) public assistance fraud in violation of Section 76-8-1203 , 76-8-1204 , or
             1576      76-8-1205 ;
             1577          (fff) unemployment insurance fraud, Section 76-8-1301 ;
             1578          (ggg) intentionally or knowingly causing one animal to fight with another, Subsection
             1579      76-9-301 (2)(d) or (e), or Section 76-9-301.1 ;
             1580          (hhh) possession, use, or removal of explosives, chemical, or incendiary devices or
             1581      parts, Section 76-10-306 ;
             1582          (iii) delivery to common carrier, mailing, or placement on premises of an incendiary
             1583      device, Section 76-10-307 ;
             1584          (jjj) possession of a deadly weapon with intent to assault, Section 76-10-507 ;
             1585          (kkk) unlawful marking of pistol or revolver, Section 76-10-521 ;
             1586          (lll) alteration of number or mark on pistol or revolver, Section 76-10-522 ;
             1587          (mmm) forging or counterfeiting trademarks, trade name, or trade device, Section
             1588      76-10-1002 ;
             1589          (nnn) selling goods under counterfeited trademark, trade name, or trade devices,
             1590      Section 76-10-1003 ;
             1591          (ooo) sales in containers bearing registered trademark of substituted articles, Section
             1592      76-10-1004 ;
             1593          (ppp) selling or dealing with article bearing registered trademark or service mark with
             1594      intent to defraud, Section 76-10-1006 ;
             1595          (qqq) gambling, Section 76-10-1102 ;
             1596          (rrr) gambling fraud, Section 76-10-1103 ;
             1597          (sss) gambling promotion, Section 76-10-1104 ;


             1598          (ttt) possessing a gambling device or record, Section 76-10-1105 ;
             1599          (uuu) confidence game, Section 76-10-1109 ;
             1600          (vvv) distributing pornographic material, Section 76-10-1204 ;
             1601          (www) inducing acceptance of pornographic material, Section 76-10-1205 ;
             1602          (xxx) dealing in harmful material to a minor, Section 76-10-1206 ;
             1603          (yyy) distribution of pornographic films, Section 76-10-1222 ;
             1604          (zzz) indecent public displays, Section 76-10-1228 ;
             1605          (aaaa) prostitution, Section 76-10-1302 ;
             1606          (bbbb) aiding prostitution, Section 76-10-1304 ;
             1607          (cccc) exploiting prostitution, Section 76-10-1305 ;
             1608          (dddd) aggravated exploitation of prostitution, Section 76-10-1306 ;
             1609          (eeee) communications fraud, Section 76-10-1801 ;
             1610          (ffff) any act prohibited by the criminal provisions of Chapter 10, Part 19, Money
             1611      Laundering and Currency Transaction Reporting Act;
             1612          (gggg) vehicle compartment for contraband, Section 76-10-2801 ;
             1613          (hhhh) any act prohibited by the criminal provisions of the laws governing taxation in
             1614      this state; and
             1615          (iiii) any act illegal under the laws of the United States and enumerated in 18 U.S.C.
             1616      Sec. 1961 (1)(B), (C), and (D).
             1617          Section 23. Section 77-22-2.5 is amended to read:
             1618           77-22-2.5. Administrative subpoenas for criminal investigations for records
             1619      concerning an electronic communications system or service or remote computing service
             1620      -- Content -- Fee for providing information.
             1621          (1) As used in this section:
             1622          (a) (i) "Electronic communication" means any transfer of signs, signals, writing,
             1623      images, sounds, data, or intelligence of any nature transmitted in whole or in part by a wire,
             1624      radio, electromagnetic, photoelectronic, or photooptical system.
             1625          (ii) "Electronic communication" does not include:


             1626          (A) any wire or oral communication;
             1627          (B) any communication made through a tone-only paging device;
             1628          (C) any communication from a tracking device; or
             1629          (D) electronic funds transfer information stored by a financial institution in a
             1630      communications system used for the electronic storage and transfer of funds.
             1631          (b) "Electronic communications service" means any service which provides for users
             1632      the ability to send or receive wire or electronic communications.
             1633          (c) "Electronic communications system" means any wire, radio, electromagnetic,
             1634      photooptical, or photoelectronic facilities for the transmission of wire or electronic
             1635      communications, and any computer facilities or related electronic equipment for the electronic
             1636      storage of the communication.
             1637          (d) "Internet service provider" has the same definition as in Section 76-10-1230 .
             1638          (e) "Prosecutor" has the same definition as in Section 77-22-2 .
             1639          (f) "Sexual offense against a minor" means:
             1640          (i) sexual exploitation of a minor as defined in Section [ 76-5a-3 ] 76-5b-201 or
             1641      attempted sexual exploitation of a minor;
             1642          (ii) a sexual offense or attempted sexual offense committed against a minor in violation
             1643      of Title 76, Chapter 5, Part 4, Sexual Offenses; or
             1644          (iii) dealing in or attempting to deal in material harmful to a minor in violation of
             1645      Section 76-10-1206 .
             1646          (g) "Remote computing service" means the provision to the public of computer storage
             1647      or processing services by means of an electronic communications system.
             1648          (2) When a law enforcement agency is investigating a sexual offense against a minor,
             1649      an offense of stalking under Section 76-5-106.5 , or an offense of child kidnapping under
             1650      Section 76-5-301.1 , and has reasonable suspicion that an electronic communications system or
             1651      service or remote computing service has been used in the commission of a criminal offense, the
             1652      prosecutor may issue an administrative subpoena, consistent with 18 U.S.C. 2703 and 18
             1653      U.S.C. 2702, to the electronic communications system or service or remote computing service


             1654      provider that owns or controls the Internet protocol address, websites, email address, or service
             1655      to a specific telephone number, requiring the production of the following information, if
             1656      available, upon providing in the subpoena the Internet protocol address, email address,
             1657      telephone number, or other identifier, and the dates and times the address, telephone number,
             1658      or other identifier was suspected of being used in the commission of the offense:
             1659          (a) names;
             1660          (b) addresses;
             1661          (c) local and long distance telephone connections;
             1662          (d) records of session times and durations;
             1663          (e) length of service, including the start date and types of service utilized;
             1664          (f) telephone or other instrument subscriber numbers or other subscriber identifiers,
             1665      including any temporarily assigned network address; and
             1666          (g) means and sources of payment for the service, including any credit card or bank
             1667      account numbers.
             1668          (3) A subpoena issued under this section shall state that the electronic communications
             1669      system or service or remote computing service provider shall produce any records under
             1670      Subsections (2)(a) through (g) that are reasonably relevant to the investigation of the suspected
             1671      criminal activity or offense as described in the subpoena.
             1672          (4) (a) An electronic communications system or service or remote computing service
             1673      provider that provides information in response to a subpoena issued under this section may
             1674      charge a fee, not to exceed the actual cost, for providing the information.
             1675          (b) The law enforcement agency conducting the investigation shall pay the fee.
             1676          (5) The electronic communications system or service or remote computing service
             1677      provider served with or responding to the subpoena may not disclose the subpoena to the
             1678      account holder identified pursuant to the subpoena.
             1679          (6) If the electronic communications system or service or remote computing service
             1680      provider served with the subpoena does not own or control the Internet protocol address,
             1681      websites, or email address, or provide service for the telephone number that is the subject of


             1682      the subpoena, the provider shall:
             1683          (a) notify the investigating law enforcement agency that it does not have the
             1684      information; and
             1685          (b) provide to the investigating law enforcement agency any information the provider
             1686      knows, through reasonable effort, that it has regarding how to locate the Internet service
             1687      provider that does own or control the Internet protocol address, websites, or email address, or
             1688      provide service for the telephone number.
             1689          (7) There is no cause of action against any provider or wire or electronic
             1690      communication service, or its officers, employees, agents, or other specified persons, for
             1691      providing information, facilities, or assistance in accordance with the terms of the
             1692      administrative subpoena issued under this section or statutory authorization.
             1693          (8) (a) An administrative subpoena issued under this section is subject to the provisions
             1694      of Title 77, Chapter 23b, Access to Electronic Communications.
             1695          (b) Rights and remedies for providers and subscribers under Title 77, Chapter 23b,
             1696      Access to Electronic Communications, apply to providers and subscribers subject to an
             1697      administrative subpoena issued under this section.
             1698          (9) Every prosecutorial agency shall annually on or before June 30 report to the
             1699      Commission on Criminal and Juvenile Justice the number of administrative subpoenas issued
             1700      by the agency during the previous calendar year.
             1701          (10) State and local prosecutorial and law enforcement agencies shall annually on or
             1702      before June 30 report to the Commission on Criminal and Juvenile Justice the number of
             1703      administrative subpoenas the agency requested that any federal law enforcement agency issue
             1704      during the prior calendar year.
             1705          Section 24. Section 77-27-21.5 is amended to read:
             1706           77-27-21.5. Sex and kidnap offenders -- Registration -- Information system --
             1707      Law enforcement and courts to report -- Penalty -- Effect of expungement.
             1708          (1) As used in this section:
             1709          (a) "Business day" means a day on which state offices are open for regular business.


             1710          (b) "Department" means the Department of Corrections.
             1711          (c) "Division" means the Division of Juvenile Justice Services.
             1712          (d) "Employed" or "carries on a vocation" includes employment that is full time or part
             1713      time, whether financially compensated, volunteered, or for the purpose of government or
             1714      educational benefit.
             1715          (e) "Indian Country" means:
             1716          (i) all land within the limits of any Indian reservation under the jurisdiction of the
             1717      United States government, regardless of the issuance of any patent, and includes rights-of-way
             1718      running through the reservation;
             1719          (ii) all dependent Indian communities within the borders of the United States whether
             1720      within the original or subsequently acquired territory, and whether or not within the limits of a
             1721      state; and
             1722          (iii) all Indian allotments, including the Indian allotments to which the Indian titles to
             1723      have not been extinguished, including rights-of-way running through the allotments.
             1724          (f) "Jurisdiction" means any state, Indian Country, United States Territory, or any
             1725      property under the jurisdiction of the United States military.
             1726          (g) "Kidnap offender" means any person other than a natural parent of the victim who:
             1727          (i) has been convicted in this state of a violation of:
             1728          (A) Section 76-5-301 , Subsection (1)(c) or (d), kidnapping;
             1729          (B) Section 76-5-301.1 , child kidnapping;
             1730          (C) Section 76-5-302 , aggravated kidnapping; or
             1731          (D) attempting, soliciting, or conspiring to commit any felony offense listed in
             1732      Subsections (1)(g)(i)(A) through (C);
             1733          (ii) has been convicted of any crime, or an attempt, solicitation, or conspiracy to
             1734      commit a crime in another jurisdiction, including any state, federal, or military court that is
             1735      substantially equivalent to the offenses listed in Subsection (1)(g)(i) and who is:
             1736          (A) a Utah resident; or
             1737          (B) not a Utah resident, but who, in any 12 month period, is in this state for a total of


             1738      10 or more days, regardless of whether or not the offender intends to permanently reside in this
             1739      state;
             1740          (iii) (A) is required to register as an offender in any other jurisdiction, or who is
             1741      required to register as an offender by any state, federal, or military court; and
             1742          (B) in any 12 month period, is in this state for a total of 10 or more days, regardless of
             1743      whether or not the offender intends to permanently reside in this state;
             1744          (iv) is a nonresident regularly employed or working in this state, or who is a student in
             1745      this state, and was convicted of one or more offenses listed in Subsection (1)(g), or any
             1746      substantially equivalent offense in another jurisdiction, or as a result of the conviction, is
             1747      required to register in the person's state of residence;
             1748          (v) is found not guilty by reason of insanity in this state or in any other jurisdiction of
             1749      one or more offenses listed in Subsection (1)(g); or
             1750          (vi) is adjudicated delinquent based on one or more offenses listed in Subsection
             1751      (1)(g)(i) and who has been committed to the division for secure confinement and remains in the
             1752      division's custody 30 days prior to the person's 21st birthday.
             1753          (h) "Natural parent" means a minor's biological or adoptive parent, and includes the
             1754      minor's noncustodial parent.
             1755          (i) "Offender" means a kidnap offender as defined in Subsection (1)(g) or a sex
             1756      offender as defined in Subsection (1)(n).
             1757          (j) "Online identifier" or "Internet identifier":
             1758          (i) means any electronic mail, chat, instant messenger, social networking, or similar
             1759      name used for Internet communication; and
             1760          (ii) does not include date of birth, Social Security number, PIN number, or Internet
             1761      passwords.
             1762          (k) "Primary residence" means the location where the offender regularly resides, even
             1763      if the offender intends to move to another location or return to another location at any future
             1764      date.
             1765          (l) "Register" means to comply with the requirements of this section and administrative


             1766      rules of the department made under this section.
             1767          (m) "Secondary residence" means any real property that the offender owns or has a
             1768      financial interest in, or any location where, in any 12 month period, the offender stays
             1769      overnight a total of 10 or more nights when not staying at the offender's primary residence.
             1770          (n) "Sex offender" means any person:
             1771          (i) convicted in this state of:
             1772          (A) a felony or class A misdemeanor violation of Section 76-4-401 , enticing a minor;
             1773          (B) a felony or class A misdemeanor violation of Section 76-9-702.7 , voyeurism;
             1774          (C) a felony violation of Section 76-5-401 , unlawful sexual activity with a minor;
             1775          (D) Section 76-5-401.1 , sexual abuse of a minor;
             1776          (E) Section 76-5-401.2 , unlawful sexual conduct with a 16 or 17 year old;
             1777          (F) Section 76-5-402 , rape;
             1778          (G) Section 76-5-402.1 , rape of a child;
             1779          (H) Section 76-5-402.2 , object rape;
             1780          (I) Section 76-5-402.3 , object rape of a child;
             1781          (J) a felony violation of Section 76-5-403 , forcible sodomy;
             1782          (K) Section 76-5-403.1 , sodomy on a child;
             1783          (L) Section 76-5-404 , forcible sexual abuse;
             1784          (M) Section 76-5-404.1 , sexual abuse of a child or aggravated sexual abuse of a child;
             1785          (N) Section 76-5-405 , aggravated sexual assault;
             1786          (O) Section [ 76-5a-3 ] 76-5b-201 , sexual exploitation of a minor;
             1787          (P) Section 76-7-102 , incest;
             1788          (Q) Subsection 76-9-702 (1), lewdness, if the person has been convicted of the offense
             1789      four or more times;
             1790          (R) Subsection 76-9-702 (3), sexual battery, if the person has been convicted of the
             1791      offense four or more times;
             1792          (S) any combination of convictions of Subsection 76-9-702 (1), lewdness, and of
             1793      Subsection 76-9-702 (3), sexual battery, that total four or more convictions;


             1794          (T) Section 76-9-702.5 , lewdness involving a child;
             1795          (U) Section 76-10-1306 , aggravated exploitation of prostitution; or
             1796          (V) attempting, soliciting, or conspiring to commit any felony offense listed in
             1797      Subsection (1)(n)(i);
             1798          (ii) who has been convicted of any crime, or an attempt, solicitation, or conspiracy to
             1799      commit a crime in another jurisdiction, including any state, federal, or military court that is
             1800      substantially equivalent to the offenses listed in Subsection (1)(n)(i) and who is:
             1801          (A) a Utah resident; or
             1802          (B) not a Utah resident, but who, in any 12 month period, is in this state for a total of
             1803      10 or more days, regardless of whether the offender intends to permanently reside in this state;
             1804          (iii) (A) who is required to register as an offender in any other jurisdiction, or who is
             1805      required to register as an offender by any state, federal, or military court; and
             1806          (B) who, in any 12 month period, is in the state for a total of 10 or more days,
             1807      regardless of whether or not the offender intends to permanently reside in this state;
             1808          (iv) who is a nonresident regularly employed or working in this state or who is a
             1809      student in this state and was convicted of one or more offenses listed in Subsection (1)(n)(i), or
             1810      any substantially equivalent offense in any jurisdiction, or as a result of the conviction, is
             1811      required to register in the person's jurisdiction of residence;
             1812          (v) who is found not guilty by reason of insanity in this state, or in any other
             1813      jurisdiction of one or more offenses listed in Subsection (1)(n)(i); or
             1814          (vi) who is adjudicated delinquent based on one or more offenses listed in Subsection
             1815      (1)(n)(i) and who has been committed to the division for secure confinement and remains in the
             1816      division's custody 30 days prior to the person's 21st birthday.
             1817          (o) "Vehicle" means any motor vehicle, aircraft, or watercraft subject to registration in
             1818      any jurisdiction.
             1819          (2) The department, to assist in investigating kidnapping and sex-related crimes, and in
             1820      apprehending offenders, shall:
             1821          (a) develop and operate a system to collect, analyze, maintain, and disseminate


             1822      information on offenders and sex and kidnap offenses;
             1823          (b) make information listed in Subsection (27) available to the public; and
             1824          (c) share information provided by an offender under this section that may not be made
             1825      available to the public under Subsection (27), but only:
             1826          (i) for the purposes under this Subsection (2); or
             1827          (ii) in accordance with Section 63G-2-206 .
             1828          (3) Any law enforcement agency shall, in the manner prescribed by the department,
             1829      inform the department of:
             1830          (a) the receipt of a report or complaint of an offense listed in Subsection (1)(g) or (n),
             1831      within three business days; and
             1832          (b) the arrest of a person suspected of any of the offenses listed in Subsection (1)(g) or
             1833      (n), within five business days.
             1834          (4) Upon convicting a person of any of the offenses listed in Subsection (1)(g) or (n),
             1835      the convicting court shall within three business days forward a copy of the judgment and
             1836      sentence to the department.
             1837          (5) An offender in the custody of the department shall be registered by agents of the
             1838      department upon:
             1839          (a) placement on probation;
             1840          (b) commitment to a secure correctional facility operated by or under contract to the
             1841      department;
             1842          (c) release from confinement to parole status, termination or expiration of sentence, or
             1843      escape;
             1844          (d) entrance to and release from any community-based residential program operated by
             1845      or under contract to the department; or
             1846          (e) termination of probation or parole.
             1847          (6) An offender who is not in the custody of the department and who is confined in a
             1848      correctional facility not operated by or under contract to the department shall be registered with
             1849      the department by the sheriff of the county in which the offender is confined, upon:


             1850          (a) commitment to the correctional facility; and
             1851          (b) release from confinement.
             1852          (7) An offender in the custody of the division shall be registered with the department
             1853      by the division prior to release from custody.
             1854          (8) An offender committed to a state mental hospital shall be registered with the
             1855      department by the hospital upon admission and upon discharge.
             1856          (9) (a) (i) A municipal or county law enforcement agency shall register an offender
             1857      who resides within the agency's jurisdiction and is not under the supervision of the Division of
             1858      Adult Probation and Parole within the department.
             1859          (ii) In order to conduct offender registration under this section, the agency shall ensure
             1860      the agency staff responsible for registration:
             1861          (A) has received initial training by the department and has been certified by the
             1862      department as qualified and authorized to conduct registrations and enter offender registration
             1863      information into the registry database; and
             1864          (B) certify annually with the department.
             1865          (b) (i) When the department receives offender registration information regarding a
             1866      change of an offender's primary residence location, the department shall within five days
             1867      electronically notify the law enforcement agencies that have jurisdiction over the area where:
             1868          (A) the residence that the offender is leaving is located; and
             1869          (B) the residence to which the offender is moving is located.
             1870          (ii) The department shall provide notification under this Subsection (9)(b) if the
             1871      offender's change of address is between law enforcement agency jurisdictions, or is within one
             1872      jurisdiction.
             1873          (c) The department shall make available to offenders required to register under this
             1874      section the name of the agency, whether it is a local law enforcement agency or the department,
             1875      that the offender should contact to register, the location for registering, and the requirements of
             1876      registration.
             1877          (10) An offender convicted by any other jurisdiction is required to register under


             1878      Subsection (1)(g) or (n) and Subsection (12) and shall register with the department within 10
             1879      days of entering the state, regardless of the offender's length of stay.
             1880          (11) (a) An offender required to register under Subsection (1)(g) or (n) who is under
             1881      supervision by the department shall register with Division of Adult Probation and Parole.
             1882          (b) An offender required to register under Subsection (1)(g) or (n) who is no longer
             1883      under supervision by the department shall register with the police department or sheriff's office
             1884      that has jurisdiction over the area where the offender resides.
             1885          (12) (a) Except as provided in Subsections (12)(b), (c), and (d), an offender shall, for
             1886      the duration of the sentence and for 10 years after termination of sentence or custody of the
             1887      division, register every year during the month of the offender's birth, during the month that is
             1888      the sixth month after the offender's birth month, and also within three business days of every
             1889      change of the offender's primary residence, any secondary residences, place of employment,
             1890      vehicle information, or educational information required to be submitted under Subsection
             1891      (14).
             1892          (b) Except as provided Subsections (12)(c) and (d), an offender who is convicted in
             1893      another jurisdiction of an offense listed in Subsection (1)(g)(i) or (n)(i), a substantially similar
             1894      offense, or any other offense that requires registration in the jurisdiction of conviction, shall:
             1895          (i) register for the time period, and in the frequency, required by the jurisdiction where
             1896      the offender was convicted if that jurisdiction's registration period or registration frequency
             1897      requirement for the offense that the offender was convicted of is greater than the 10 years from
             1898      completion of the sentence registration period that is required under Subsection (12)(a), or is
             1899      more frequent than every six months; or
             1900          (ii) register in accordance with the requirements of Subsection (12)(a), if the
             1901      jurisdiction's registration period or frequency requirement for the offense that the offender was
             1902      convicted of is less than the registration period required under Subsection (12)(a), or is less
             1903      frequent than every six months.
             1904          (c) (i) (A) An offender convicted as an adult of any of the offenses listed in Subsection
             1905      (12)(c)(ii) shall, for the offender's lifetime, register every year during the month of the


             1906      offender's birth, during the month that is the sixth month after the offender's birth month, and
             1907      also within three business days of every change of the offender's primary residence, any
             1908      secondary residences, place of employment, vehicle information, or educational information
             1909      required to be submitted under Subsection (14).
             1910          (B) This registration requirement is not subject to exemptions and may not be
             1911      terminated or altered during the offender's lifetime.
             1912          (ii) Offenses referred to in Subsection (12)(c)(i) are:
             1913          (A) any offense listed in Subsection (1)(g) or (n) if, at the time of the conviction, the
             1914      offender has previously been convicted of an offense listed in Subsection (1)(g) or (n) or has
             1915      previously been required to register as a sex offender for an offense committed as a juvenile;
             1916          (B) a conviction for any of the following offenses, including attempting, soliciting, or
             1917      conspiring to commit any felony of:
             1918          (I) Section 76-5-301.1 , child kidnapping, except if the offender is a natural parent of
             1919      the victim;
             1920          (II) Section 76-5-402 , rape;
             1921          (III) Section 76-5-402.1 , rape of a child;
             1922          (IV) Section 76-5-402.2 , object rape;
             1923          (V) Section 76-5-402.3 , object rape of a child;
             1924          (VI) Section 76-5-403.1 , sodomy on a child;
             1925          (VII) Subsection 76-5-404.1 (4), aggravated sexual abuse of a child; or
             1926          (VIII) Section 76-5-405 , aggravated sexual assault;
             1927          (C) Section 76-4-401 , a felony violation of enticing a minor over the Internet;
             1928          (D) Section 76-5-302 , aggravated kidnapping, except if the offender is a natural parent
             1929      of the victim;
             1930          (E) Section 76-5-403 , forcible sodomy;
             1931          (F) Section 76-5-404.1 , sexual abuse of a child; or
             1932          (G) Section [ 76-5a-3 ] 76-5b-201 , sexual exploitation of a minor.
             1933          (d) Notwithstanding Subsections (12)(a), (b), and (c), an offender who is confined in a


             1934      secure facility or in a state mental hospital is not required to register during the period of
             1935      confinement.
             1936          (e) An offender who is required to register under this Subsection (12) shall surrender
             1937      the offender's license, certificate, or identification card as required under Subsection
             1938      53-3-216 (3) or 53-3-807 (4) and may apply for a license certificate or identification card as
             1939      provided under Section 53-3-205 or 53-3-804 .
             1940          (f) A sex offender who violates Section 77-27-21.8 while required to register under this
             1941      section shall register for an additional five years subsequent to the registration period otherwise
             1942      required under this section.
             1943          (13) An agency in the state that registers an offender on probation, an offender who has
             1944      been released from confinement to parole status or termination, or an offender whose sentence
             1945      has expired shall inform the offender of the duty to comply with:
             1946          (a) the continuing registration requirements of this section during the period of
             1947      registration required in Subsection (12), including:
             1948          (i) notification to the state agencies in the states where the registrant presently resides
             1949      and plans to reside when moving across state lines;
             1950          (ii) verification of address at least every 60 days pursuant to a parole agreement for
             1951      lifetime parolees; and
             1952          (iii) notification to the out-of-state agency where the offender is living, whether or not
             1953      the offender is a resident of that state; and
             1954          (b) the driver license certificate or identification card surrender requirement under
             1955      Subsection 53-3-216 (3) or 53-3-807 (4) and application provisions under Section 53-3-205 or
             1956      53-3-804 .
             1957          (14) An offender shall provide the department or the registering entity with the
             1958      following information:
             1959          (a) all names and aliases by which the offender is or has been known;
             1960          (b) the addresses of the offender's primary and secondary residences;
             1961          (c) a physical description, including the offender's date of birth, height, weight, eye and


             1962      hair color;
             1963          (d) the make, model, color, year, plate number, and vehicle identification number of
             1964      any vehicle or vehicles the offender owns or regularly drives;
             1965          (e) a current photograph of the offender;
             1966          (f) a set of fingerprints, if one has not already been provided;
             1967          (g) a DNA specimen, taken in accordance with Section 53-10-404 , if one has not
             1968      already been provided;
             1969          (h) telephone numbers and any other designations used by the offender for routing or
             1970      self-identification in telephonic communications from fixed locations or cellular telephones;
             1971          (i) Internet identifiers and the addresses the offender uses for routing or
             1972      self-identification in Internet communications or postings;
             1973          (j) the name and Internet address of all websites on which the offender is registered
             1974      using an online identifier, including all online identifiers used to access those websites;
             1975          (k) a copy of the offender's passport, if a passport has been issued to the offender;
             1976          (l) if the offender is an alien, all documents establishing the offender's immigration
             1977      status;
             1978          (m) all professional licenses that authorize the offender to engage in an occupation or
             1979      carry out a trade or business, including any identifiers, such as numbers;
             1980          (n) each educational institution in Utah at which the offender is employed, carries on a
             1981      vocation, or is a student, and any change of enrollment or employment status of the offender at
             1982      any educational institution;
             1983          (o) the name and the address of any place where the offender is employed or will be
             1984      employed;
             1985          (p) the name and the address of any place where the offender works as a volunteer or
             1986      will work as a volunteer; and
             1987          (q) the offender's Social Security number.
             1988          (15) The department shall:
             1989          (a) provide the following additional information when available:


             1990          (i) the crimes the offender has been convicted of or adjudicated delinquent for;
             1991          (ii) a description of the offender's primary and secondary targets; and
             1992          (iii) any other relevant identifying information as determined by the department;
             1993          (b) maintain the Sex Offender and Kidnap Offender Notification and Registration
             1994      website; and
             1995          (c) ensure that the registration information collected regarding an offender's enrollment
             1996      or employment at an educational institution is:
             1997          (i) (A) promptly made available to any law enforcement agency that has jurisdiction
             1998      where the institution is located if the educational institution is an institution of higher
             1999      education; or
             2000          (B) promptly made available to the district superintendent of the school district where
             2001      the offender is enrolled if the educational institution is an institution of primary education; and
             2002          (ii) entered into the appropriate state records or data system.
             2003          (16) (a) An offender who knowingly fails to register under this section or provides
             2004      false or incomplete information is guilty of:
             2005          (i) a third degree felony and shall be sentenced to serve a term of incarceration for not
             2006      less than 90 days and also at least one year of probation if:
             2007          (A) the offender is required to register for a felony conviction or adjudicated delinquent
             2008      for what would be a felony if the juvenile were an adult of an offense listed in Subsection
             2009      (1)(g)(i) or (n)(i); or
             2010          (B) the offender is required to register for the offender's lifetime under Subsection
             2011      (12)(c); or
             2012          (ii) a class A misdemeanor and shall be sentenced to serve a term of incarceration for
             2013      not fewer than 90 days and also at least one year of probation if the offender is required to
             2014      register for a misdemeanor conviction or is adjudicated delinquent for what would be a
             2015      misdemeanor if the juvenile were an adult of an offense listed in Subsection (1)(g)(i) or (n)(i).
             2016          (b) Neither the court nor the Board of Pardons and Parole may release a person who
             2017      violates this section from serving the term required under Subsection (16)(a). This Subsection


             2018      (16)(b) supersedes any other provision of the law contrary to this section.
             2019          (c) The offender shall register for an additional year for every year in which the
             2020      offender does not comply with the registration requirements of this section.
             2021          (17) Notwithstanding Title 63G, Chapter 2, Government Records Access and
             2022      Management Act, information under Subsection (15) that is collected and released under
             2023      Subsection (27) is public information, unless otherwise restricted under Subsection (2)(c).
             2024          (18) (a) If an offender is to be temporarily sent outside a secure facility in which the
             2025      offender is confined on any assignment, including, without limitation, firefighting or disaster
             2026      control, the official who has custody of the offender shall, within a reasonable time prior to
             2027      removal from the secure facility, notify the local law enforcement agencies where the
             2028      assignment is to be filled.
             2029          (b) This Subsection (18) does not apply to any person temporarily released under guard
             2030      from the institution in which the person is confined.
             2031          (19) Notwithstanding Title 77, Chapter 40, Utah Expungement Act, a person convicted
             2032      of any offense listed in Subsection (1)(g) or (n) is not relieved from the responsibility to
             2033      register as required under this section.
             2034          (20) Notwithstanding Section 42-1-1 , an offender:
             2035          (a) may not change the offender's name:
             2036          (i) while under the jurisdiction of the department; and
             2037          (ii) until the registration requirements of this statute have expired; and
             2038          (b) may not change the offender's name at any time, if registration is for life under
             2039      Subsection (12)(c).
             2040          (21) The department may make administrative rules necessary to implement this
             2041      section, including:
             2042          (a) the method for dissemination of the information; and
             2043          (b) instructions to the public regarding the use of the information.
             2044          (22) Any information regarding the identity or location of a victim shall be redacted by
             2045      the department from information provided under Subsections (14) and (15).


             2046          (23) This section does not create or impose any duty on any person to request or obtain
             2047      information regarding any offender from the department.
             2048          (24) The department shall maintain a Sex Offender and Kidnap Offender Notification
             2049      and Registration website on the Internet, which shall contain a disclaimer informing the public:
             2050          (a) the information contained on the site is obtained from offenders and the department
             2051      does not guarantee its accuracy or completeness;
             2052          (b) members of the public are not allowed to use the information to harass or threaten
             2053      offenders or members of their families; and
             2054          (c) harassment, stalking, or threats against offenders or their families are prohibited and
             2055      doing so may violate Utah criminal laws.
             2056          (25) The Sex Offender and Kidnap Offender Notification and Registration website
             2057      shall be indexed by both the surname of the offender and by postal codes.
             2058          (26) The department shall construct the Sex Offender Notification and Registration
             2059      website so that users, before accessing registry information, must indicate that they have read
             2060      the disclaimer, understand it, and agree to comply with its terms.
             2061          (27) The Sex Offender and Kidnap Offender Notification and Registration website
             2062      shall include the following registry information:
             2063          (a) all names and aliases by which the offender is or has been known, but not including
             2064      any online or Internet identifiers;
             2065          (b) the addresses of the offender's primary, secondary, and temporary residences;
             2066          (c) a physical description, including the offender's date of birth, height, weight, and eye
             2067      and hair color;
             2068          (d) the make, model, color, year, and plate number of any vehicle or vehicles the
             2069      offender owns or regularly drives;
             2070          (e) a current photograph of the offender;
             2071          (f) a list of all professional licenses that authorize the offender to engage in an
             2072      occupation or carry out a trade or business;
             2073          (g) each educational institution in Utah at which the offender is employed, carries on a


             2074      vocation, or is a student;
             2075          (h) a list of places where the offender works as a volunteer; and
             2076          (i) the crimes listed in Subsections (1)(g) and(n) that the offender has been convicted of
             2077      or for which the offender has been adjudicated delinquent in juvenile court.
             2078          (28) The department, its personnel, and any individual or entity acting at the request or
             2079      upon the direction of the department are immune from civil liability for damages for good faith
             2080      compliance with this section and will be presumed to have acted in good faith by reporting
             2081      information.
             2082          (29) The department shall redact information that, if disclosed, could reasonably
             2083      identify a victim.
             2084          (30) (a) Each offender required to register under Subsection (12) shall, in the month of
             2085      the offender's birth:
             2086          (i) pay to the department an annual fee of $100 each year the offender is subject to the
             2087      registration requirements of this section; and
             2088          (ii) pay to the registering agency, if it is an agency other than the Department of
             2089      Corrections, an annual fee of not more than $25, which may be assessed by that agency for
             2090      providing registration.
             2091          (b) Notwithstanding Subsection (30)(a), an offender who is confined in a secure facility
             2092      or in a state mental hospital is not required to pay the annual fee.
             2093          (c) The department shall deposit fees under this Subsection (30) in the General Fund as
             2094      a dedicated credit, to be used by the department for maintaining the offender registry under this
             2095      section and monitoring offender registration compliance, including the costs of:
             2096          (i) data entry;
             2097          (ii) processing registration packets;
             2098          (iii) updating registry information;
             2099          (iv) ensuring offender compliance with registration requirements under this section;
             2100      and
             2101          (v) apprehending offenders who are in violation of the offender registration


             2102      requirements under this section.
             2103          (31) Notwithstanding Subsections (2)(c) and (14)(i) and (j), an offender is not required
             2104      to provide the department with:
             2105          (a) the offender's online identifier and password used exclusively for the offender's
             2106      employment on equipment provided by an employer and used to access the employer's private
             2107      network; or
             2108          (b) online identifiers for the offender's financial accounts, including any bank,
             2109      retirement, or investment accounts.
             2110          Section 25. Section 77-36-1 is amended to read:
             2111           77-36-1. Definitions.
             2112          As used in this chapter:
             2113          (1) "Cohabitant" has the same meaning as in Section 78B-7-102 .
             2114          (2) "Department" means the Department of Public Safety.
             2115          (3) "Divorced" means an individual who has obtained a divorce under Title 30, Chapter
             2116      3, Divorce.
             2117          (4) "Domestic violence" means any criminal offense involving violence or physical
             2118      harm or threat of violence or physical harm, or any attempt, conspiracy, or solicitation to
             2119      commit a criminal offense involving violence or physical harm, when committed by one
             2120      cohabitant against another. "Domestic violence" also means commission or attempt to commit,
             2121      any of the following offenses by one cohabitant against another:
             2122          (a) aggravated assault, as described in Section 76-5-103 ;
             2123          (b) assault, as described in Section 76-5-102 ;
             2124          (c) criminal homicide, as described in Section 76-5-201 ;
             2125          (d) harassment, as described in Section 76-5-106 ;
             2126          (e) electronic communication harassment, as described in Section 76-9-201 ;
             2127          (f) kidnapping, child kidnapping, or aggravated kidnapping, as described in Sections
             2128      76-5-301 , 76-5-301.1 , and 76-5-302 ;
             2129          (g) mayhem, as described in Section 76-5-105 ;


             2130          (h) sexual offenses, as described in Title 76, Chapter 5, Part 4, Sexual Offenses, and
             2131      [Title 76, Chapter 5a] Section 76-5b-201 , Sexual Exploitation of [Children] a Minor;
             2132          (i) stalking, as described in Section 76-5-106.5 ;
             2133          (j) unlawful detention, as described in Section 76-5-304 ;
             2134          (k) violation of a protective order or ex parte protective order, as described in Section
             2135      76-5-108 ;
             2136          (l) any offense against property described in Title 76, Chapter 6, Part 1, Property
             2137      Destruction, Part 2, Burglary and Criminal Trespass, or Part 3, Robbery;
             2138          (m) possession of a deadly weapon with intent to assault, as described in Section
             2139      76-10-507 ;
             2140          (n) discharge of a firearm from a vehicle, near a highway, or in the direction of any
             2141      person, building, or vehicle, as described in Section 76-10-508 ;
             2142          (o) disorderly conduct, as defined in Section 76-9-102 , if a conviction of disorderly
             2143      conduct is the result of a plea agreement in which the defendant was originally charged with
             2144      any of the domestic violence offenses otherwise described in this Subsection (4). Conviction
             2145      of disorderly conduct as a domestic violence offense, in the manner described in this
             2146      Subsection (4)(o), does not constitute a misdemeanor crime of domestic violence under 18
             2147      U.S.C. Section 921, and is exempt from the provisions of the federal Firearms Act, 18 U.S.C.
             2148      Section 921 et seq.; or
             2149          (p) child abuse as described in Section 76-5-109.1 .
             2150          (5) "Jail release agreement" means a written agreement:
             2151          (a) specifying and limiting the contact a person arrested for a domestic violence offense
             2152      may have with an alleged victim or other specified individuals; and
             2153          (b) specifying other conditions of release from jail as required in Subsection 77-36-2.5
             2154      (1).
             2155          (6) "Jail release court order" means a written court order:
             2156          (a) specifying and limiting the contact a person arrested for a domestic violence offense
             2157      may have with an alleged victim or other specified individuals; and


             2158          (b) specifying other conditions of release from jail as required in Subsection
             2159      77-36-2.5 (1).
             2160          (7) "Marital status" means married and living together, divorced, separated, or not
             2161      married.
             2162          (8) "Married and living together" means a man and a woman whose marriage was
             2163      solemnized under Section 30-1-4 or 30-1-6 and who are living in the same residence.
             2164          (9) "Not married" means any living arrangement other than married and living together,
             2165      divorced, or separated.
             2166          (10) "Pretrial protective order" means a written order:
             2167          (a) specifying and limiting the contact a person who has been charged with a domestic
             2168      violence offense may have with an alleged victim or other specified individuals; and
             2169          (b) specifying other conditions of release pursuant to Subsection 77-36-2.5 (2)(c),
             2170      Subsection 77-36-2.6 (3), or Section 77-36-2.7 , pending trial in the criminal case.
             2171          (11) "Sentencing protective order" means a written order of the court as part of
             2172      sentencing in a domestic violence case that limits the contact a person who has been convicted
             2173      of a domestic violence offense may have with a victim or other specified individuals pursuant
             2174      to Sections 77-36-5 and 77-36-5.1 .
             2175          (12) "Separated" means a man and a woman who have had their marriage solemnized
             2176      under Section 30-1-4 or 30-1-6 and who are not living in the same residence.
             2177          (13) "Victim" means a cohabitant who has been subjected to domestic violence.
             2178          Section 26. Section 78A-6-105 is amended to read:
             2179           78A-6-105. Definitions.
             2180          As used in this chapter:
             2181          (1) (a) "Abuse" means:
             2182          (i) nonaccidental harm of a child;
             2183          (ii) threatened harm of a child;
             2184          (iii) sexual exploitation; or
             2185          (iv) sexual abuse.


             2186          (b) "Abuse" does not include:
             2187          (i) reasonable discipline or management of a child, including withholding privileges;
             2188          (ii) conduct described in Section 76-2-401 ; or
             2189          (iii) the use of reasonable and necessary physical restraint or force on a child:
             2190          (A) in self-defense;
             2191          (B) in defense of others;
             2192          (C) to protect the child; or
             2193          (D) to remove a weapon in the possession of a child for any of the reasons described in
             2194      Subsections (1)(b)(iii)(A) through (C).
             2195          (2) "Abused child" means a child who has been subjected to abuse.
             2196          (3) "Adjudication" means a finding by the court, incorporated in a decree, that the facts
             2197      alleged in the petition have been proved.
             2198          (4) "Adult" means a person 18 years of age or over, except that a person 18 years or
             2199      over under the continuing jurisdiction of the juvenile court pursuant to Section 78A-6-120 shall
             2200      be referred to as a minor.
             2201          (5) "Board" means the Board of Juvenile Court Judges.
             2202          (6) "Child" means a person under 18 years of age.
             2203          (7) "Child placement agency" means:
             2204          (a) a private agency licensed to receive a child for placement or adoption under this
             2205      code; or
             2206          (b) a private agency that receives a child for placement or adoption in another state,
             2207      which agency is licensed or approved where such license or approval is required by law.
             2208          (8) "Clandestine laboratory operation" is as defined in Section 58-37d-3 .
             2209          (9) "Commit" means, unless specified otherwise:
             2210          (a) with respect to a child, to transfer legal custody; and
             2211          (b) with respect to a minor who is at least 18 years of age, to transfer custody.
             2212          (10) "Court" means the juvenile court.
             2213          (11) "Dependent child" includes a child who is homeless or without proper care


             2214      through no fault of the child's parent, guardian, or custodian.
             2215          (12) "Deprivation of custody" means transfer of legal custody by the court from a
             2216      parent or the parents or a previous legal custodian to another person, agency, or institution.
             2217          (13) "Detention" means home detention and secure detention as defined in Section
             2218      62A-7-101 for the temporary care of a minor who requires secure custody in a physically
             2219      restricting facility:
             2220          (a) pending court disposition or transfer to another jurisdiction; or
             2221          (b) while under the continuing jurisdiction of the court.
             2222          (14) "Division" means the Division of Child and Family Services.
             2223          (15) "Formal referral" means a written report from a peace officer or other person
             2224      informing the court that a minor is or appears to be within the court's jurisdiction and that a
             2225      petition may be filed.
             2226          (16) "Group rehabilitation therapy" means psychological and social counseling of one
             2227      or more persons in the group, depending upon the recommendation of the therapist.
             2228          (17) "Guardianship of the person" includes the authority to consent to:
             2229          (a) marriage;
             2230          (b) enlistment in the armed forces;
             2231          (c) major medical, surgical, or psychiatric treatment; or
             2232          (d) legal custody, if legal custody is not vested in another person, agency, or institution.
             2233          (18) "Habitual truant" is as defined in Section 53A-11-101 .
             2234          (19) "Harm" means:
             2235          (a) physical, emotional, or developmental injury or damage;
             2236          (b) sexual abuse; or
             2237          (c) sexual exploitation.
             2238          (20) (a) "Incest" means engaging in sexual intercourse with a person whom the
             2239      perpetrator knows to be the perpetrator's ancestor, descendant, brother, sister, uncle, aunt,
             2240      nephew, niece, or first cousin.
             2241          (b) The relationships described in Subsection (20)(a) include:


             2242          (i) blood relationships of the whole or half blood, without regard to legitimacy;
             2243          (ii) relationships of parent and child by adoption; and
             2244          (iii) relationships of stepparent and stepchild while the marriage creating the
             2245      relationship of a stepparent and stepchild exists.
             2246          (21) "Legal custody" means a relationship embodying the following rights and duties:
             2247          (a) the right to physical custody of the minor;
             2248          (b) the right and duty to protect, train, and discipline the minor;
             2249          (c) the duty to provide the minor with food, clothing, shelter, education, and ordinary
             2250      medical care;
             2251          (d) the right to determine where and with whom the minor shall live; and
             2252          (e) the right, in an emergency, to authorize surgery or other extraordinary care.
             2253          (22) "Minor" means:
             2254          (a) a child; or
             2255          (b) a person who is:
             2256          (i) at least 18 years of age and younger than 21 years of age; and
             2257          (ii) under the jurisdiction of the juvenile court.
             2258          (23) "Molestation" means that a person, with the intent to arouse or gratify the sexual
             2259      desire of any person:
             2260          (a) touches the anus or any part of the genitals of a child;
             2261          (b) takes indecent liberties with a child; or
             2262          (c) causes a child to take indecent liberties with the perpetrator or another.
             2263          (24) "Natural parent" means a minor's biological or adoptive parent, and includes the
             2264      minor's noncustodial parent.
             2265          (25) (a) "Neglect" means:
             2266          (i) abandonment of a child, except as provided in Title 62A, Chapter 4a, Part 8, Safe
             2267      Relinquishment of a Newborn Child;
             2268          (ii) lack of proper parental care of a child by reason of the fault or habits of the parent,
             2269      guardian, or custodian;


             2270          (iii) failure or refusal of a parent, guardian, or custodian to provide proper or necessary
             2271      subsistence, education, or medical care, or any other care necessary for the child's health,
             2272      safety, morals, or well-being; or
             2273          (iv) a child at risk of being neglected or abused because another child in the same home
             2274      is neglected or abused.
             2275          (b) The aspect of neglect relating to education, described in Subsection (25)(a)(iii),
             2276      means that, after receiving a notice of compulsory education violation under Section
             2277      53A-11-101.5 , or notice that a parent or guardian has failed to cooperate with school
             2278      authorities in a reasonable manner as required under Subsection 53A-11-101.7 (5)(a), the parent
             2279      or guardian fails to make a good faith effort to ensure that the child receives an appropriate
             2280      education.
             2281          (c) A parent or guardian legitimately practicing religious beliefs and who, for that
             2282      reason, does not provide specified medical treatment for a child, is not guilty of neglect.
             2283          (d) (i) Notwithstanding Subsection (25)(a), a health care decision made for a child by
             2284      the child's parent or guardian does not constitute neglect unless the state or other party to the
             2285      proceeding shows, by clear and convincing evidence, that the health care decision is not
             2286      reasonable and informed.
             2287          (ii) Nothing in Subsection (25)(d)(i) may prohibit a parent or guardian from exercising
             2288      the right to obtain a second health care opinion.
             2289          (26) "Neglected child" means a child who has been subjected to neglect.
             2290          (27) "Nonjudicial adjustment" means closure of the case by the assigned probation
             2291      officer without judicial determination upon the consent in writing of:
             2292          (a) the assigned probation officer; and
             2293          (b) (i) the minor; or
             2294          (ii) the minor and the minor's parent, legal guardian, or custodian.
             2295          (28) "Physical abuse" means abuse that results in physical injury or damage to a child.
             2296          (29) "Probation" means a legal status created by court order following an adjudication
             2297      on the ground of a violation of law or under Section 78A-6-103 , whereby the minor is


             2298      permitted to remain in the minor's home under prescribed conditions and under supervision by
             2299      the probation department or other agency designated by the court, subject to return to the court
             2300      for violation of any of the conditions prescribed.
             2301          (30) "Protective supervision" means a legal status created by court order following an
             2302      adjudication on the ground of abuse, neglect, or dependency, whereby the minor is permitted to
             2303      remain in the minor's home, and supervision and assistance to correct the abuse, neglect, or
             2304      dependency is provided by the probation department or other agency designated by the court.
             2305          (31) (a) "Residual parental rights and duties" means those rights and duties remaining
             2306      with the parent after legal custody or guardianship, or both, have been vested in another person
             2307      or agency, including:
             2308          (i) the responsibility for support;
             2309          (ii) the right to consent to adoption;
             2310          (iii) the right to determine the child's religious affiliation; and
             2311          (iv) the right to reasonable parent-time unless restricted by the court.
             2312          (b) If no guardian has been appointed, "residual parental rights and duties" also include
             2313      the right to consent to:
             2314          (i) marriage;
             2315          (ii) enlistment; and
             2316          (iii) major medical, surgical, or psychiatric treatment.
             2317          (32) "Secure facility" means any facility operated by or under contract with the
             2318      Division of Juvenile Justice Services, that provides 24-hour supervision and confinement for
             2319      youth offenders committed to the division for custody and rehabilitation.
             2320          (33) "Severe abuse" means abuse that causes or threatens to cause serious harm to a
             2321      child.
             2322          (34) "Severe neglect" means neglect that causes or threatens to cause serious harm to a
             2323      child.
             2324          (35) "Sexual abuse" means:
             2325          (a) an act or attempted act of sexual intercourse, sodomy, incest, or molestation


             2326      directed towards a child; or
             2327          (b) engaging in any conduct with a child that would constitute an offense under any of
             2328      the following, regardless of whether the person who engages in the conduct is actually charged
             2329      with, or convicted of, the offense:
             2330          (i) Title 76, Chapter 5, Part 4, Sexual Offenses;
             2331          (ii) child bigamy, Section 76-7-101.5 ;
             2332          (iii) incest, Section 76-7-102 ;
             2333          (iv) lewdness or sexual battery, Section 76-9-702 ;
             2334          (v) lewdness involving a child, Section 76-9-702.5 ; or
             2335          (vi) voyeurism, Section 76-9-702.7 .
             2336          (36) "Sexual exploitation" means knowingly:
             2337          (a) employing, using, persuading, inducing, enticing, or coercing any child to:
             2338          (i) pose in the nude for the purpose of sexual arousal of any person; or
             2339          (ii) engage in any sexual or simulated sexual conduct for the purpose of photographing,
             2340      filming, recording, or displaying in any way the sexual or simulated sexual conduct;
             2341          (b) displaying, distributing, possessing for the purpose of distribution, or selling
             2342      material depicting a child:
             2343          (i) in the nude, for the purpose of sexual arousal of any person; or
             2344          (ii) engaging in sexual or simulated sexual conduct; or
             2345          (c) engaging in any conduct that would constitute an offense under [Title 76, Chapter
             2346      5a] Section 76-5b-201 , Sexual Exploitation of [Children] a Minor, regardless of whether the
             2347      person who engages in the conduct is actually charged with, or convicted of, the offense.
             2348          (37) "Shelter" means the temporary care of a child in a physically unrestricted facility
             2349      pending court disposition or transfer to another jurisdiction.
             2350          (38) "State supervision" means a disposition that provides a more intensive level of
             2351      intervention than standard probation but is less intensive or restrictive than a community
             2352      placement with the Division of Juvenile Justice Services.
             2353          (39) "Substance abuse" means the misuse or excessive use of alcohol or other drugs or


             2354      substances.
             2355          (40) "Substantiated" is as defined in Section 62A-4a-101 .
             2356          (41) "Supported" is as defined in Section 62A-4a-101 .
             2357          (42) "Termination of parental rights" means the permanent elimination of all parental
             2358      rights and duties, including residual parental rights and duties, by court order.
             2359          (43) "Therapist" means:
             2360          (a) a person employed by a state division or agency for the purpose of conducting
             2361      psychological treatment and counseling of a minor in its custody; or
             2362          (b) any other person licensed or approved by the state for the purpose of conducting
             2363      psychological treatment and counseling.
             2364          (44) "Unsubstantiated" is as defined in Section 62A-4a-101 .
             2365          (45) "Without merit" is as defined in Section 62A-4a-101 .
             2366          Section 27. Effective date.
             2367          This bill takes effect on May 10, 2011, except that the amendments to Section
             2368      76-10-1602 (Effective 07/01/11) take effect on July 1, 2011.


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