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H.B. 85

             1     

FORENSIC PHLEBOTOMY

             2     
2012 GENERAL SESSION

             3     
STATE OF UTAH

             4     
Chief Sponsor: Val L. Peterson

             5     
Senate Sponsor: John L. Valentine

             6     
             7      LONG TITLE
             8      General Description:
             9          This bill amends the Utah Health Code, the Traffic Code, the Public Safety Code, the
             10      Utah Medical Practice Act, the Utah Osteopathic Medical Practice Act, the
             11      Naturopathic Physician Practice Act, and the Transportation Code.
             12      Highlighted Provisions:
             13          This bill:
             14          .    amends the duties of the Department of Health;
             15          .    amends who is authorized to draw blood to determine its alcohol or drug content;
             16          .    amends related immunity from liability provisions;
             17          .    amends who is authorized to draw a blood DNA specimen;
             18          .    amends related exemption from licensure provisions; and
             19          .    makes technical changes.
             20      Money Appropriated in this Bill:
             21          None
             22      Other Special Clauses:
             23          None
             24      Utah Code Sections Affected:
             25      AMENDS:
             26          26-1-30, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2011, Chapter 177
             27          41-6a-523, as enacted by Laws of Utah 2005, Chapter 2


             28          53-10-405, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2010, Chapter 405
             29          58-67-305, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2011, Chapter 214
             30          58-68-305, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2011, Chapter 214
             31          58-71-305, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2005, Chapter 2
             32          72-10-502, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2005, Chapter 2
             33     
             34      Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
             35          Section 1. Section 26-1-30 is amended to read:
             36           26-1-30. Powers and duties of department.
             37          (1) The department shall:
             38          (a) enter into cooperative agreements with the Department of Environmental Quality to
             39      delineate specific responsibilities to assure that assessment and management of risk to human
             40      health from the environment are properly administered; and
             41          (b) consult with the Department of Environmental Quality and enter into cooperative
             42      agreements, as needed, to ensure efficient use of resources and effective response to potential
             43      health and safety threats from the environment, and to prevent gaps in protection from potential
             44      risks from the environment to specific individuals or population groups.
             45          (2) In addition to all other powers and duties of the department, it shall have and
             46      exercise the following powers and duties:
             47          (a) promote and protect the health and wellness of the people within the state;
             48          (b) establish, maintain, and enforce rules necessary or desirable to carry out the
             49      provisions and purposes of this title to promote and protect the public health or to prevent
             50      disease and illness;
             51          (c) investigate and control the causes of epidemic, infectious, communicable, and other
             52      diseases affecting the public health;
             53          (d) provide for the detection, reporting, prevention, and control of communicable,
             54      infectious, acute, chronic, or any other disease or health hazard which the department considers
             55      to be dangerous, important, or likely to affect the public health;
             56          (e) collect and report information on causes of injury, sickness, death, and disability
             57      and the risk factors that contribute to the causes of injury, sickness, death, and disability within
             58      the state;


             59          (f) collect, prepare, publish, and disseminate information to inform the public
             60      concerning the health and wellness of the population, specific hazards, and risks that may affect
             61      the health and wellness of the population and specific activities which may promote and protect
             62      the health and wellness of the population;
             63          (g) establish and operate programs necessary or desirable for the promotion or
             64      protection of the public health and the control of disease or which may be necessary to
             65      ameliorate the major causes of injury, sickness, death, and disability in the state, except that the
             66      programs may not be established if adequate programs exist in the private sector;
             67          (h) establish, maintain, and enforce isolation and quarantine, and for this purpose only,
             68      exercise physical control over property and individuals as the department finds necessary for
             69      the protection of the public health;
             70          (i) close theaters, schools, and other public places and forbid gatherings of people
             71      when necessary to protect the public health;
             72          (j) abate nuisances when necessary to eliminate sources of filth and infectious and
             73      communicable diseases affecting the public health;
             74          (k) make necessary sanitary and health investigations and inspections in cooperation
             75      with local health departments as to any matters affecting the public health;
             76          (l) establish laboratory services necessary to support public health programs and
             77      medical services in the state;
             78          (m) establish and enforce standards for laboratory services which are provided by any
             79      laboratory in the state when the purpose of the services is to protect the public health;
             80          (n) cooperate with the Labor Commission to conduct studies of occupational health
             81      hazards and occupational diseases arising in and out of employment in industry, and make
             82      recommendations for elimination or reduction of the hazards;
             83          (o) cooperate with the local health departments, the Department of Corrections, the
             84      Administrative Office of the Courts, the Division of Juvenile Justice Services, and the Crime
             85      Victim Reparations Board to conduct testing for HIV infection of alleged sexual offenders,
             86      convicted sexual offenders, and any victims of a sexual offense;
             87          (p) investigate the [cause] causes of maternal and infant mortality;
             88          (q) establish, maintain, and enforce a procedure requiring the blood of adult pedestrians
             89      and drivers of motor vehicles killed in highway accidents be examined for the presence and


             90      concentration of alcohol;
             91          (r) provide the Commissioner of Public Safety with monthly statistics reflecting the
             92      results of the examinations provided for in Subsection (2)(q) and provide safeguards so that
             93      information derived from the examinations is not used for a purpose other than the compilation
             94      of statistics authorized in this Subsection (2)(r);
             95          (s) establish qualifications for individuals permitted to draw blood pursuant to [Section
             96      41-6a-523 ] Subsection 41-6a-523 (1)(a)(vi), 53-10-405 (2)(a)(vi), or 72-10-502 (5)(a)(vi), and to
             97      issue permits to individuals it finds qualified, which permits may be terminated or revoked by
             98      the department;
             99          (t) establish a uniform public health program throughout the state which includes
             100      continuous service, employment of qualified employees, and a basic program of disease
             101      control, vital and health statistics, sanitation, public health nursing, and other preventive health
             102      programs necessary or desirable for the protection of public health;
             103          (u) adopt rules and enforce minimum sanitary standards for the operation and
             104      maintenance of:
             105          (i) orphanages;
             106          (ii) boarding homes;
             107          (iii) summer camps for children;
             108          (iv) lodging houses;
             109          (v) hotels;
             110          (vi) restaurants and all other places where food is handled for commercial purposes,
             111      sold, or served to the public;
             112          (vii) tourist and trailer camps;
             113          (viii) service stations;
             114          (ix) public conveyances and stations;
             115          (x) public and private schools;
             116          (xi) factories;
             117          (xii) private sanatoria;
             118          (xiii) barber shops;
             119          (xiv) beauty shops;
             120          (xv) [physicians'] physician offices;


             121          (xvi) [dentists'] dentist offices;
             122          (xvii) workshops;
             123          (xviii) industrial, labor, or construction camps;
             124          (xix) recreational resorts and camps;
             125          (xx) swimming pools, public baths, and bathing beaches;
             126          (xxi) state, county, or municipal institutions, including hospitals and other buildings,
             127      centers, and places used for public gatherings; and
             128          (xxii) [of] any other facilities in public buildings [and] or on public grounds;
             129          (v) conduct health planning for the state;
             130          (w) monitor the costs of health care in the state and foster price competition in the
             131      health care delivery system;
             132          (x) adopt rules for the licensure of health facilities within the state pursuant to Title 26,
             133      Chapter 21, Health Care Facility Licensing and Inspection Act;
             134          (y) license the provision of child care;
             135          (z) accept contributions to and administer the funds contained in the Organ Donation
             136      Contribution Fund created in Section 26-18b-101 ; and
             137          (aa) serve as the collecting agent, on behalf of the state, for the nursing care facility
             138      assessment fee imposed under Title 26, Chapter 35a, Nursing Care Facility Assessment Act,
             139      and adopt rules for the enforcement and administration of the nursing facility assessment
             140      consistent with the provisions of Title 26, Chapter 35a.
             141          Section 2. Section 41-6a-523 is amended to read:
             142           41-6a-523. Persons authorized to draw blood -- Immunity from liability.
             143          (1) (a) Only [a physician, registered nurse, practical nurse, or person authorized under
             144      Section 26-1-30 ] the following, acting at the request of a peace officer, may [withdraw] draw
             145      blood to determine [the alcoholic] its alcohol or drug content[.]:
             146          [(b) The limitation in]
             147          (i) a physician;
             148          (ii) a registered nurse;
             149          (iii) a licensed practical nurse;
             150          (iv) a paramedic;
             151          (v) as provided in Subsection (1)(b), emergency medical service personnel other than


             152      paramedics; or
             153          (vi) a person with a valid permit issued by the Department of Health under Section
             154      26-1-30 .
             155          (b) The Department of Health may designate by rule, in accordance with Title 63G,
             156      Chapter 3, Utah Administrative Rulemaking Act, which emergency medical service personnel,
             157      as defined in Section 26-8a-102 , are authorized to draw blood under Subsection (1)(a)(v),
             158      based on their type of certification under Section 26-8a-302.
             159          (c) Subsection (1)(a) does not apply to taking a urine, breath, or oral fluid specimen.
             160          (2) [Any physician, registered nurse, practical nurse, or person authorized under
             161      Section 26-1-30 who, at the direction of a peace officer, draws a sample of blood from any]
             162      The following are immune from civil or criminal liability arising from drawing a blood sample
             163      from a person whom a peace officer has reason to believe is driving in violation of this chapter,
             164      [or hospital or medical facility at which the sample is drawn, is immune from any civil or
             165      criminal liability arising from drawing the sample, if the test is administered according to] if
             166      the sample is drawn in accordance with standard medical practice[.]:
             167          (a) a person authorized to draw blood under Subsection (1)(a); and
             168          (b) if the blood is drawn at a hospital or other medical facility, the medical facility.
             169          Section 3. Section 53-10-405 is amended to read:
             170           53-10-405. DNA specimen analysis -- Saliva sample to be obtained by agency --
             171      Blood sample to be drawn by professional.
             172          (1) (a) A saliva sample shall be obtained by the responsible agency under Subsection
             173      53-10-404 (5).
             174          (b) The sample shall be obtained in a professionally acceptable manner, using
             175      appropriate procedures to ensure the sample is adequate for DNA analysis.
             176          (2) (a) A blood sample shall be drawn in a medically acceptable manner by [a licensed
             177      professional nurse,] any of the following:
             178          (i) a physician;
             179          (ii) a registered nurse;
             180          (iii) a licensed practical nurse[,];
             181          (iv) a paramedic[, a qualified medical technician, a licensed physician, or other person
             182      licensed by the state for this purpose.];


             183          (v) as provided in Subsection (2)(b), emergency medical service personnel other than
             184      paramedics; or
             185          (vi) a person with a valid permit issued by the Department of Health under Section
             186      26-1-30 .
             187          (b) The Department of Health may designate by rule, in accordance with Title 63G,
             188      Chapter 3, Utah Administrative Rulemaking Act, which emergency medical service personnel,
             189      as defined in Section 26-8a-102 , are authorized to draw blood under Subsection (2)(a)(v),
             190      based on their type of certification under Section 26-8a-302 .
             191          [(b)] (c) A person authorized by this section to draw a blood sample may not be held
             192      civilly liable for drawing a sample in a medically acceptable manner.
             193          (3) A test result or opinion based upon a test result regarding a DNA specimen may not
             194      be rendered inadmissible as evidence solely because of deviations from procedures adopted by
             195      the department that do not affect the reliability of the opinion or test result.
             196          (4) A DNA specimen is not required to be obtained if:
             197          (a) the court or the responsible agency confirms with the department that the
             198      department has previously received an adequate DNA specimen obtained from the person in
             199      accordance with this section; or
             200          (b) the court determines that obtaining a DNA specimen would create a substantial and
             201      unreasonable risk to the health of the person.
             202          Section 4. Section 58-67-305 is amended to read:
             203           58-67-305. Exemptions from licensure.
             204          In addition to the exemptions from licensure in Section 58-1-307 , the following
             205      individuals may engage in the described acts or practices without being licensed under this
             206      chapter:
             207          (1) an individual rendering aid in an emergency, when no fee or other consideration of
             208      value for the service is charged, received, expected, or contemplated;
             209          (2) an individual administering a domestic or family remedy;
             210          (3) (a) (i) a person engaged in the sale of vitamins, health foods, dietary supplements,
             211      herbs, or other products of nature, the sale of which is not otherwise prohibited by state or
             212      federal law; and
             213          (ii) a person acting in good faith for religious reasons, as a matter of conscience, or


             214      based on a personal belief, when obtaining or providing any information regarding health care
             215      and the use of any product under Subsection (3)(a)(i); and
             216          (b) Subsection (3)(a) does not:
             217          (i) allow a person to diagnose any human disease, ailment, injury, infirmity, deformity,
             218      pain, or other condition; or
             219          (ii) prohibit providing truthful and non-misleading information regarding any of the
             220      products under Subsection (3)(a)(i);
             221          (4) a person engaged in good faith in the practice of the religious tenets of any church
             222      or religious belief, without the use of prescription drugs;
             223          (5) an individual authorized by the Department of Health under Section 26-1-30 , to
             224      [withdraw] draw blood [to determine the alcohol or drug content] pursuant to [Section
             225      41-6a-523 ] Subsection 41-6a-523 (1)(a)(vi), 53-10-405 (2)(a)(vi), or 72-10-502 (5)(a)(vi);
             226          (6) a medical assistant while working under the direct and immediate supervision of a
             227      licensed physician and surgeon, to the extent the medical assistant is engaged in tasks
             228      appropriately delegated by the supervisor in accordance with the standards and ethics of the
             229      practice of medicine;
             230          (7) an individual engaging in the practice of medicine when:
             231          (a) the individual is licensed in good standing as a physician in another state with no
             232      licensing action pending and no less than 10 years of professional experience;
             233          (b) the services are rendered as a public service and for a noncommercial purpose;
             234          (c) no fee or other consideration of value is charged, received, expected, or
             235      contemplated for the services rendered beyond an amount necessary to cover the proportionate
             236      cost of malpractice insurance; and
             237          (d) the individual does not otherwise engage in unlawful or unprofessional conduct;
             238          (8) an individual providing expert testimony in a legal proceeding; and
             239          (9) an individual who is invited by a school, association, society, or other body
             240      approved by the division to conduct a clinic or demonstration of the practice of medicine in
             241      which patients are treated, if:
             242          (a) the individual does not establish a place of business in this state;
             243          (b) the individual does not regularly engage in the practice of medicine in this state;
             244          (c) the individual holds a current license in good standing to practice medicine issued


             245      by another state, district or territory of the United States, or Canada;
             246          (d) the primary purpose of the event is the training of others in the practice of
             247      medicine; and
             248          (e) neither the patient nor an insurer is billed for the services performed.
             249          Section 5. Section 58-68-305 is amended to read:
             250           58-68-305. Exemptions from licensure.
             251          In addition to the exemptions from licensure in Section 58-1-307 , the following
             252      individuals may engage in the described acts or practices without being licensed under this
             253      chapter:
             254          (1) an individual rendering aid in an emergency, when no fee or other consideration of
             255      value for the service is charged, received, expected, or contemplated;
             256          (2) an individual administering a domestic or family remedy;
             257          (3) (a) (i) a person engaged in the lawful sale of vitamins, health foods, dietary
             258      supplements, herbs, or other products of nature, the sale of which is not otherwise prohibited
             259      by state or federal law; and
             260          (ii) a person acting in good faith for religious reasons, as a matter of conscience, or
             261      based on a personal belief, when obtaining or providing any information regarding health care
             262      and the use of any product under Subsection (3)(a)(i); and
             263          (b) Subsection (3)(a) does not:
             264          (i) permit a person to diagnose any human disease, ailment, injury, infirmity,
             265      deformity, pain, or other condition; or
             266          (ii) prohibit providing truthful and non-misleading information regarding any of the
             267      products under Subsection (3)(a)(i);
             268          (4) a person engaged in good faith in the practice of the religious tenets of any church
             269      or religious belief without the use of prescription drugs;
             270          (5) an individual authorized by the Department of Health under Section 26-1-30 , to
             271      [withdraw] draw blood [to determine the alcohol or drug content] pursuant to [Section
             272      41-6a-523 ] Subsection 41-6a-523 (1)(a)(vi), 53-10-405 (2)(a)(vi), or 72-10-502 (5)(a)(vi);
             273          (6) a medical assistant while working under the direct and immediate supervision of a
             274      licensed osteopathic physician, to the extent the medical assistant is engaged in tasks
             275      appropriately delegated by the supervisor in accordance with the standards and ethics of the


             276      practice of medicine;
             277          (7) an individual engaging in the practice of osteopathic medicine when:
             278          (a) the individual is licensed in good standing as an osteopathic physician in another
             279      state with no licensing action pending and no less than 10 years of professional experience;
             280          (b) the services are rendered as a public service and for a noncommercial purpose;
             281          (c) no fee or other consideration of value is charged, received, expected, or
             282      contemplated for the services rendered beyond an amount necessary to cover the proportionate
             283      cost of malpractice insurance; and
             284          (d) the individual does not otherwise engage in unlawful or unprofessional conduct;
             285          (8) an individual providing expert testimony in a legal proceeding; and
             286          (9) an individual who is invited by a school, association, society, or other body
             287      approved by the division in collaboration with the board to conduct a clinic or demonstration of
             288      the practice of medicine in which patients are treated, if:
             289          (a) the individual does not establish a place of business in this state;
             290          (b) the individual does not regularly engage in the practice of medicine in this state;
             291          (c) the individual holds a current license in good standing to practice medicine issued
             292      by another state, district or territory of the United States, or Canada;
             293          (d) the primary purpose of the event is the training of others in the practice of
             294      medicine; and
             295          (e) neither the patient nor an insurer is billed for the services performed.
             296          Section 6. Section 58-71-305 is amended to read:
             297           58-71-305. Exemptions from licensure.
             298          In addition to the exemptions from licensure in Section 58-1-307 , the following
             299      individuals may engage in the described acts or practices without being licensed under this
             300      chapter:
             301          (1) an individual rendering aid in an emergency, when no fee or other consideration of
             302      value for the service is charged, received, expected, or contemplated;
             303          (2) an individual administering a domestic or family remedy;
             304          (3) a person engaged in the sale of vitamins, health foods, dietary supplements, herbs,
             305      or other products of nature, the sale of which is not otherwise prohibited under state or federal
             306      law, but this subsection does not:


             307          (a) allow a person to diagnose any human disease, ailment, injury, infirmity, deformity,
             308      pain, or other condition[:]; or
             309          (b) prohibit providing truthful and nonmisleading information regarding any of the
             310      products under this subsection;
             311          (4) a person engaged in good faith in the practice of the religious tenets of any church
             312      or religious belief, without the use of prescription drugs;
             313          (5) a person acting in good faith for religious reasons as a matter of conscience or
             314      based on a personal belief when obtaining or providing information regarding health care and
             315      the use of any product under Subsection (3);
             316          (6) an individual authorized by the Department of Health under Section 26-1-30 , to
             317      [withdraw] draw blood [to determine the alcohol or drug content] pursuant to [Section
             318      41-6a-523 ] Subsection 41-6a-523 (1)(a)(vi), 53-10-405 (2)(a)(vi), or 72-10-502 (5)(a)(vi);
             319          (7) a naturopathic medical assistant while working under the direct and immediate
             320      supervision of a licensed naturopathic physician to the extent the medical assistant is engaged
             321      in tasks appropriately delegated by the supervisor in accordance with the standards and ethics
             322      of the practice of naturopathic medicine; and
             323          (8) an individual who has completed all requirements for licensure under this chapter
             324      except the clinical experience required under Section 58-71-302 , for a period of one year while
             325      that individual is completing that clinical experience requirement and who is working under the
             326      provisions of a temporary license issued by the division.
             327          Section 7. Section 72-10-502 is amended to read:
             328           72-10-502. Implied consent to chemical tests for alcohol or drugs -- Number of
             329      tests -- Refusal -- Person incapable of refusal -- Results of test available -- Who may give
             330      test -- Evidence.
             331          (1) (a) A person operating an aircraft in this state consents to a chemical test or tests of
             332      the person's breath, blood, urine, or oral fluids:
             333          (i) for the purpose of determining whether the person was operating or in actual
             334      physical control of an aircraft while having a blood or breath alcohol content statutorily
             335      prohibited under Section 72-10-501 , or while under the influence of alcohol, any drug, or
             336      combination of alcohol and any drug under Section 72-10-501 , if the test is or tests are
             337      administered at the direction of a peace officer having grounds to believe that person to have


             338      been operating or in actual physical control of an aircraft in violation of Section 72-10-501 ; or
             339          (ii) if the person operating the aircraft is involved in an accident that results in death,
             340      serious injury, or substantial aircraft damage.
             341          (b) (i) The peace officer determines which of the tests are administered and how many
             342      of them are administered.
             343          (ii) The peace officer may order any or all tests of the person's breath, blood, urine, or
             344      oral fluids.
             345          (iii) If an officer requests more than one test, refusal by a person to take one or more
             346      requested tests, even though the person does submit to any other requested test or tests, is a
             347      refusal under this section.
             348          (c) (i) A person who has been requested under this section to submit to a chemical test
             349      or tests of the person's breath, blood, urine, or oral fluids may not select the test or tests to be
             350      administered.
             351          (ii) The failure or inability of a peace officer to arrange for any specific chemical test is
             352      not a defense to taking a test requested by a peace officer, and it is not a defense in any
             353      criminal, civil, or administrative proceeding resulting from a person's refusal to submit to the
             354      requested test or tests.
             355          (2) (a) If the person has been placed under arrest and has then been requested by a
             356      peace officer to submit to any one or more of the chemical tests provided in Subsection (1) and
             357      refuses to submit to any chemical test, the person shall be warned by the peace officer
             358      requesting the test that a refusal to submit to the test is admissible in civil or criminal
             359      proceedings as provided under Subsection (8).
             360          (b) Following this warning, unless the person immediately requests that the chemical
             361      test offered by a peace officer be administered, a test may not be given.
             362          (3) Any person who is dead, unconscious, or in any other condition rendering the
             363      person incapable of refusal to submit to any chemical test or tests is considered to not have
             364      withdrawn the consent provided for in Subsection (1), and the test or tests may be administered
             365      whether the person has been arrested or not.
             366          (4) Upon the request of the person who was tested, the results of the test or tests shall
             367      be made available to that person.
             368          (5) (a) Only [a physician, registered nurse, practical nurse, or person authorized under


             369      Section 26-1-30 to draw blood under Section 41-6a-523 ] the following, acting at the request of
             370      a peace officer, may [withdraw] draw blood to determine [the] its alcohol or drug content[.
             371      This limitation]:
             372          (i) a physician;
             373          (ii) a registered nurse;
             374          (iii) a licensed practical nurse;
             375          (iv) a paramedic;
             376          (v) as provided in Subsection (5)(b), emergency medical service personnel other than
             377      paramedics; or
             378          (vi) a person with a valid permit issued by the Department of Health under Section
             379      26-1-30 .
             380          (b) The Department of Health may designate by rule, in accordance with Title 63G,
             381      Chapter 3, Utah Administrative Rulemaking Act, which emergency medical service personnel,
             382      as defined in Section 26-8a-102 , are authorized to draw blood under Subsection (5)(a)(v),
             383      based on their type of certification under Section 26-8a-302 .
             384          (c) Subsection (5)(a) does not apply to [the] taking [of] a urine, breath, or oral fluid
             385      specimen.
             386          [(b) Any physician, registered nurse, practical nurse, or person authorized under
             387      Section 26-1-30 to draw blood under Section 41-6a-523 who, at the direction of a peace officer,
             388      draws a sample of blood from any]
             389          (d) The following are immune from civil or criminal liability arising from drawing a
             390      blood sample from a person [whom] who a peace officer has reason to believe is flying in
             391      violation of this chapter[, or hospital or medical facility at which the sample is drawn, is
             392      immune from any civil or criminal liability arising from drawing the sample, if the test is
             393      administered according to] if the sample is drawn in accordance with standard medical
             394      practice[.]:
             395          (i) a person authorized to draw blood under Subsection (5)(a); and
             396          (ii) if the blood is drawn at a hospital or other medical facility, the medical facility.
             397          (6) (a) The person to be tested may, at the person's own expense, have a physician of
             398      the person's own choice administer a chemical test in addition to the test or tests administered
             399      at the direction of a peace officer.


             400          (b) The failure or inability to obtain the additional test does not affect admissibility of
             401      the results of the test or tests taken at the direction of a peace officer, or preclude or delay the
             402      test or tests to be taken at the direction of a peace officer.
             403          (c) The additional test shall be subsequent to the test or tests administered at the
             404      direction of a peace officer.
             405          (7) For the purpose of determining whether to submit to a chemical test or tests, the
             406      person to be tested does not have the right to consult an attorney or have an attorney, physician,
             407      or other person present as a condition for the taking of any test.
             408          (8) If a person under arrest refuses to submit to a chemical test or tests or any
             409      additional test under this section, evidence of any refusal is admissible in any civil or criminal
             410      action or proceeding arising out of acts alleged to have been committed while the person was
             411      operating or in actual physical control of an aircraft while under the influence of alcohol, any
             412      drug, or combination of alcohol and any drug.
             413          (9) The results of any test taken under this section or the refusal to be tested shall be
             414      reported to the Federal Aviation Administration by the peace officer requesting the test.




Legislative Review Note
    as of 1-19-12 7:06 AM


Office of Legislative Research and General Counsel


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