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First Substitute H.B. 327
7 LONG TITLE
8 General Description:
9 This bill modifies the Traffic Code.
10 Highlighted Provisions:
11 This bill:
12 . provides, amends, and deletes definitions;
13 . provides that the operator of a motorcycle, moped, or bicycle facing a steady
14 circular red or red arrow signal may cautiously enter the intersection to proceed
15 straight through, turn right, or turn left under certain circumstances;
16 . provides that a person may operate a vehicle to the left of center of the roadway,
17 including in a no-passing zone, when a bicycle or moped proceeding in the same
18 direction at a speed less than the reasonable speed of traffic then present requires
19 operating the vehicle to the left of the center of the roadway except under certain
21 . provides that on a roadway divided into three or more lanes and providing for
22 two-way movement of traffic, a person operating a vehicle may drive in the center
23 under certain circumstances;
24 . provides that a person may not operate a motor vehicle in a bicycle lane except
25 under certain circumstances;
26 . provides that a bicycle lane may be used by:
27 . the highway authority that has jurisdiction over the bicycle lane;
28 . an authorized emergency vehicle;
29 . a school bus or transit vehicle under certain circumstances; and
30 . a person operating a moped;
31 . provides that a person operating a motor vehicle in a bicycle lane shall yield the
32 right-of-way to all bicycles, mopeds, and pedestrians within the bicycle lane;
33 . provides that a person operating a bicycle or moped in a bicycle lane shall ride in
34 the same direction as traffic on the roadway unless the bicycle lane is designated for
35 two-way travel;
36 . amends lamp and reflector requirements for a bicycle operated at certain times and
37 under certain conditions; and
38 . makes conforming changes.
39 Money Appropriated in this Bill:
41 Other Special Clauses:
43 Utah Code Sections Affected:
45 13-20-2, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 175
46 13-35-102, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2007, Chapter 86
47 41-1a-202, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 36
48 41-6a-102, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2009, Chapter 311
49 41-6a-305, as renumbered and amended by Laws of Utah 2005, Chapter 2
50 41-6a-701, as renumbered and amended by Laws of Utah 2005, Chapter 2
51 41-6a-708, as renumbered and amended by Laws of Utah 2005, Chapter 2
52 41-6a-710, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2009, Chapter 292
53 41-6a-1114, as renumbered and amended by Laws of Utah 2005, Chapter 2
54 41-12a-301, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 36
55 53-3-202, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2009, Chapter 253
57 Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
58 Section 1. Section 13-20-2 is amended to read:
59 13-20-2. Definitions.
60 As used in this chapter:
61 (1) "Consumer" means an individual who enters into an agreement or contract for the
62 transfer, lease, purchase of a new motor vehicle other than for purposes of resale, or sublease
63 during the duration of the period defined under Section 13-20-5 .
64 (2) "Manufacturer" means manufacturer, importer, distributor, or anyone who is named
65 as the warrantor on an express written warranty on a motor vehicle.
66 (3) "Motor home" means a self-propelled vehicular unit, primarily designed as a
67 temporary dwelling for travel, recreational, and vacation use.
68 (4) (a) "Motor vehicle" includes:
69 (i) a motor home, as defined in this section, but only the self-propelled vehicle and
70 chassis sold in this state;
71 (ii) a motor vehicle, as defined in Section 41-1a-102 , sold in this state; and
72 (iii) a motorcycle, as defined in Section 41-1a-102 , sold in this state if the motorcycle
73 is designed primarily for use and operation on paved highways.
74 (b) "Motor vehicle" does not include:
75 (i) those portions of a motor home designated, used, or maintained primarily as a
76 mobile dwelling, office, or commercial space;
77 (ii) a road tractor or truck tractor as defined in Section 41-1a-102 ;
78 (iii) a mobile home as defined in Section 41-1a-102 ;
79 (iv) any motor vehicle with a gross laden weight of over 12,000 pounds, except:
80 (A) a motor home as defined under Subsection (3); and
81 (B) a farm tractor as defined in Section 41-1a-102 ;
82 (v) a motorcycle, as defined in Section 41-1a-102 , if the motorcycle is designed
83 primarily for use or operation over unimproved terrain;
84 (vi) [
85 (vii) a moped as defined in Section 41-6a-102 ;
86 (viii) a motor assisted scooter as defined in Section 41-6a-102 ; or
87 (ix) a motor-driven cycle as defined in Section 41-6a-102 .
88 Section 2. Section 13-35-102 is amended to read:
89 13-35-102. Definitions.
90 As used in this chapter:
91 (1) "Advisory board" or "board" means the Utah Powersport Vehicle Franchise
92 Advisory Board created in Section 13-35-103 .
93 (2) "Dealership" means a site or location in this state:
94 (a) at which a franchisee conducts the business of a new powersport vehicle dealer; and
95 (b) that is identified as a new powersport vehicle dealer's principal place of business
96 for registration purposes under Section 13-35-105 .
97 (3) "Department" means the Department of Commerce.
98 (4) "Executive director" means the executive director of the Department of Commerce.
99 (5) "Franchise" or "franchise agreement" means a written agreement, for a definite or
100 indefinite period, in which:
101 (a) a person grants to another person a license to use a trade name, trademark, service
102 mark, or related characteristic; and
103 (b) a community of interest exists in the marketing of new powersport vehicles, new
104 powersport vehicle parts, and services related to the sale or lease of new powersport vehicles at
105 wholesale or retail.
106 (6) "Franchisee" means a person with whom a franchisor has agreed or permitted, in
107 writing or in practice, to purchase, sell, or offer for sale new powersport vehicles manufactured,
108 produced, represented, or distributed by the franchisor.
109 (7) (a) "Franchisor" means a person who has, in writing or in practice, agreed with or
110 permits a franchisee to purchase, sell, or offer for sale new powersport vehicles manufactured,
111 produced, represented, or distributed by the franchisor, and includes:
112 (i) the manufacturer or distributor of the new powersport vehicles;
113 (ii) an intermediate distributor;
114 (iii) an agent, officer, or field or area representative of the franchisor; and
115 (iv) a person who is affiliated with a manufacturer or a representative or who directly
116 or indirectly through an intermediary is controlled by, or is under common control with the
118 (b) For purposes of Subsection (7)(a)(iv), a person is controlled by a manufacturer if
119 the manufacturer has the authority directly or indirectly by law or by an agreement of the
120 parties, to direct or influence the management and policies of the person.
121 (8) "Lead" means the referral by a franchisor to a franchisee of an actual or potential
122 customer for the purchase or lease of a new powersport vehicle, or for service work related to
123 the franchisor's vehicles.
124 (9) "Line-make" means the powersport vehicles that are offered for sale, lease, or
125 distribution under a common name, trademark, service mark, or brand name of the franchisor,
126 or manufacturer of the powersport vehicle.
127 (10) (a) "Powersport vehicle" means:
128 (i) an all-terrain type I or type II vehicle "ATV" defined in Section 41-22-2 ;
129 (ii) a snowmobile as defined in Section 41-22-2 ;
130 (iii) a motorcycle as defined in Section 41-1a-102 ;
131 (iv) a personal watercraft as defined in Section 73-18-2 ;
132 (v) except as provided in Subsection (10)(b), a motor-driven cycle as defined in
133 Section 41-6a-102 ; or
134 (vi) a moped as defined in Section 41-6a-102 .
135 (b) "Powersport vehicle" does not include:
136 (i) [
137 (ii) a motor assisted scooter as defined in Section 41-6a-102 ; or
138 (iii) an electric personal assistive mobility device as defined in Section 41-6a-102 .
139 (11) "New powersport vehicle dealer" means a person who is engaged in the business
140 of buying, selling, offering for sale, or exchanging new powersport vehicles either outright or
141 on conditional sale, bailment, lease, chattel mortgage, or otherwise who has established a place
142 of business for the sale, lease, trade, or display of powersport vehicles.
143 (12) "Notice" or "notify" includes both traditional written communications and all
144 reliable forms of electronic communication unless expressly prohibited by statute or rule.
145 (13) "Relevant market area" means:
146 (a) the county in which a powersport dealership is to be established or relocated; and
147 (b) the area within a 15-mile radius from the site of the new or relocated dealership.
148 (14) "Sale, transfer, or assignment" means any disposition of a franchise or an interest
149 in a franchise, with or without consideration, including a bequest, inheritance, gift, exchange,
150 lease, or license.
151 (15) "Serve" or "served," unless expressly indicated otherwise by statute or rule,
152 includes any reliable form of communication.
153 (16) "Written," "write," "in writing," or other variations of those terms shall include all
154 reliable forms of electronic communication.
155 Section 3. Section 41-1a-202 is amended to read:
156 41-1a-202. Definitions -- Vehicles exempt from registration -- Registration of
157 vehicles after establishing residency.
158 (1) In this section:
159 (a) "Domicile" means the place:
160 (i) where an individual has a fixed permanent home and principal establishment;
161 (ii) to which the individual if absent, intends to return; and
162 (iii) in which the individual and his family voluntarily reside, not for a special or
163 temporary purpose, but with the intention of making a permanent home.
164 (b) (i) "Resident" means any of the following:
165 (A) an individual who:
166 (I) has established a domicile in this state;
167 (II) regardless of domicile, remains in this state for an aggregate period of six months
168 or more during any calendar year;
169 (III) engages in a trade, profession, or occupation in this state or who accepts
170 employment in other than seasonal work in this state and who does not commute into the state;
171 (IV) declares himself to be a resident of this state for the purpose of obtaining a driver
172 license or motor vehicle registration; or
173 (V) declares himself a resident of Utah to obtain privileges not ordinarily extended to
174 nonresidents, including going to school, or placing children in school without paying
175 nonresident tuition or fees; or
176 (B) any individual, partnership, limited liability company, firm, corporation,
177 association, or other entity that:
178 (I) maintains a main office, branch office, or warehouse facility in this state and that
179 bases and operates a motor vehicle in this state; or
180 (II) operates a motor vehicle in intrastate transportation for other than seasonal work.
181 (ii) "Resident" does not include any of the following:
182 (A) a member of the military temporarily stationed in Utah;
183 (B) an out-of-state student, as classified by the institution of higher education, enrolled
184 with the equivalent of seven or more quarter hours, regardless of whether the student engages
185 in a trade, profession, or occupation in this state or accepts employment in this state; and
186 (C) an individual domiciled in another state or a foreign country that:
187 (I) is engaged in public, charitable, educational, or religious services for a government
188 agency or an organization that qualifies for tax-exempt status under Internal Revenue Code
189 Section 501(c)(3);
190 (II) is not compensated for services rendered other than expense reimbursements; and
191 (III) is temporarily in Utah for a period not to exceed 24 months.
192 (2) Registration under this chapter is not required for any:
193 (a) vehicle registered in another state and owned by a nonresident of the state or
194 operating under a temporary registration permit issued by the division or a dealer authorized by
195 this chapter, driven or moved upon a highway in conformance with the provisions of this
196 chapter relating to manufacturers, transporters, dealers, lien holders, or interstate vehicles;
197 (b) vehicle driven or moved upon a highway only for the purpose of crossing the
198 highway from one property to another;
199 (c) implement of husbandry, whether of a type otherwise subject to registration or not,
200 that is only incidentally operated or moved upon a highway;
201 (d) special mobile equipment;
202 (e) vehicle owned or leased by the federal government;
203 (f) motor vehicle not designed, used, or maintained for the transportation of passengers
204 for hire or for the transportation of property if the motor vehicle is registered in another state
205 and is owned and operated by a nonresident of this state;
206 (g) vehicle or combination of vehicles designed, used, or maintained for the
207 transportation of persons for hire or for the transportation of property if the vehicle or
208 combination of vehicles is registered in another state and is owned and operated by a
209 nonresident of this state and if the vehicle or combination of vehicles has a gross laden weight
210 of 26,000 pounds or less;
211 (h) trailer of 750 pounds or less unladen weight and not designed, used, and maintained
212 for hire for the transportation of property or person;
213 (i) manufactured home or mobile home;
214 (j) off-highway vehicle currently registered under Section 41-22-3 if the off-highway
215 vehicle is:
216 (i) being towed;
217 (ii) operated on a street or highway designated as open to off-highway vehicle use; or
218 (iii) operated in the manner prescribed in Subsections 41-22-10.3 (1) through (3);
219 (k) off-highway implement of husbandry operated in the manner prescribed in
220 Subsections 41-22-5.5 (3) through (5);
221 (l) modular and prebuilt homes conforming to the uniform building code and presently
222 regulated by the United States Department of Housing and Urban Development that are not
223 constructed on a permanent chassis;
224 (m) [
225 (n) motor assisted scooter defined under Section 41-6a-102 ; or
226 (o) electric personal assistive mobility device defined under Section 41-6a-102 .
227 (3) Unless otherwise exempted under Subsection (2), registration under this chapter is
228 required for any motor vehicle, combination of vehicles, trailer, semitrailer, or vintage vehicle
229 within 60 days of the owner establishing residency in this state.
230 (4) A motor vehicle that is registered under Section 41-3-306 is exempt from the
231 registration requirements of this part for the time period that the registration under Section
232 41-3-306 is valid.
233 Section 4. Section 41-6a-102 is amended to read:
234 41-6a-102. Definitions.
235 As used in this chapter:
236 (1) "Alley" means a street or highway intended to provide access to the rear or side of
237 lots or buildings in urban districts and not intended for through vehicular traffic.
238 (2) "All-terrain type I vehicle" has the same meaning as defined in Section 41-22-2 .
239 (3) "Authorized emergency vehicle" includes:
240 (a) fire department vehicles;
241 (b) police vehicles;
242 (c) ambulances; and
243 (d) other publicly or privately owned vehicles as designated by the commissioner of the
244 Department of Public Safety.
245 (4) (a) "Bicycle" means every [
246 (i) (A) propelled by human power; or
247 (B) with fully operable pedals and an electric motor of less than 750 watts, whose
248 maximum speed on a paved level surface, when powered solely by such a motor while ridden
249 by an operator who weighs 170 pounds, is less than 20 mph; and
250 (ii) upon which a person may ride[
252 (b) "Bicycle" includes a trailer towed by the bicycle and secured by mechanical means,
253 and shall be considered one vehicle.
255 (5) (a) "Bus" means a motor vehicle:
256 (i) designed for carrying more than 15 passengers and used for the transportation of
257 persons; or
258 (ii) designed and used for the transportation of persons for compensation.
259 (b) "Bus" does not include a taxicab.
260 (6) (a) "Circular intersection" means an intersection that has an island, generally
261 circular in design, located in the center of the intersection where traffic passes to the right of
262 the island.
263 (b) "Circular intersection" includes:
264 (i) roundabouts;
265 (ii) rotaries; and
266 (iii) traffic circles.
267 (7) "Commissioner" means the commissioner of the Department of Public Safety.
268 (8) "Controlled-access highway" means a highway, street, or roadway:
269 (a) designed primarily for through traffic; and
270 (b) to or from which owners or occupants of abutting lands and other persons have no
271 legal right of access, except at points as determined by the highway authority having
272 jurisdiction over the highway, street, or roadway.
273 (9) "Crosswalk" means:
274 (a) that part of a roadway at an intersection included within the connections of the
275 lateral lines of the sidewalks on opposite sides of the highway measured from:
276 (i) (A) the curbs; or
277 (B) in the absence of curbs, from the edges of the traversable roadway; and
278 (ii) in the absence of a sidewalk on one side of the roadway, that part of a roadway
279 included within the extension of the lateral lines of the existing sidewalk at right angles to the
280 centerline; or
281 (b) any portion of a roadway at an intersection or elsewhere distinctly indicated for
282 pedestrian crossing by lines or other markings on the surface.
283 (10) "Department" means the Department of Public Safety.
284 (11) "Direct supervision" means oversight at a distance within which:
285 (a) visual contact is maintained; and
286 (b) advice and assistance can be given and received.
287 (12) "Divided highway" means a highway divided into two or more roadways by:
288 (a) an unpaved intervening space;
289 (b) a physical barrier; or
290 (c) a clearly indicated dividing section constructed to impede vehicular traffic.
299 device with:
300 (i) two nontandem wheels in contact with the ground;
301 (ii) a system capable of steering and stopping the unit under typical operating
303 (iii) an electric propulsion system with average power of one horsepower or 750 watts;
304 (iv) a maximum speed capacity on a paved, level surface of 12.5 miles per hour; and
305 (v) a deck design for a person to stand while operating the device.
306 (b) "Electric personal assistive mobility device" does not include a wheelchair.
308 commonly used or intended for the purpose of producing an explosion and which contains any
309 oxidizing and combustive units or other ingredients in proportions, quantities, or packing so
310 that an ignition by fire, friction, concussion, percussion, or detonator of any part of the
311 compound or mixture may cause a sudden generation of highly heated gases, and the resultant
312 gaseous pressures are capable of producing destructive effects on contiguous objects or of
313 causing death or serious bodily injury.
315 implement, for drawing plows, mowing machines, and other implements of husbandry.
317 or less, as determined by a tagliabue or equivalent closed-cup test device.
319 system as defined in Section 72-1-102 .
321 between a continuing lane of a through roadway and a lane used to enter or exit the continuing
322 lane including similar areas between merging or splitting highways.
324 weight of any load on the vehicle.
326 place of any nature when any part of it is open to the use of the public as a matter of right for
327 vehicular travel.
330 connection of the lateral curblines, or, if none, then the lateral boundary lines of the roadways
331 of two or more highways which join one another.
332 (b) Where a highway includes two roadways 30 feet or more apart:
333 (i) every crossing of each roadway of the divided highway by an intersecting highway
334 is a separate intersection; and
335 (ii) if the intersecting highway also includes two roadways 30 feet or more apart, then
336 every crossing of two roadways of the highways is a separate intersection.
337 (c) "Intersection" does not include the junction of an alley with a street or highway.
339 of vehicle movements or for pedestrian refuge designated by:
340 (a) pavement markings, which may include an area designated by two solid yellow
341 lines surrounding the perimeter of the area;
342 (b) channelizing devices;
343 (c) curbs;
344 (d) pavement edges; or
345 (e) other devices.
347 53-1-102 .
349 (a) that is designated specifically for through traffic; and
350 (b) over, from, or to which neither owners nor occupants of abutting lands nor other
351 persons have any right or easement, or have only a limited right or easement of access, light,
352 air, or view.
354 body of a county, municipal, or other local board or body having authority to enact laws
355 relating to traffic under the constitution and laws of the state.
357 (i) is designed to be operated at speeds of not more than 25 miles per hour; and
358 (ii) has a capacity of not more than four passengers, including the driver.
359 (b) "Low-speed vehicle" does not include a golfcart or an off-highway vehicle.
361 is wholly or partly of metal or other hard nonresilient material.
363 seat or saddle that is less than 24 inches from the ground as measured on a level surface with
364 properly inflated tires.
365 (b) "Mini-motorcycle" does not include a moped or a motor assisted scooter.
366 (c) "Mini-motorcycle" does not include a motorcycle that is:
367 (i) designed for off-highway use; and
368 (ii) registered as an off-highway vehicle under Section 41-22-3 .
370 (a) a trailer or semitrailer which is:
371 (i) designed, constructed, and equipped as a dwelling place, living abode, or sleeping
372 place either permanently or temporarily; and
373 (ii) equipped for use as a conveyance on streets and highways; or
374 (b) a trailer or a semitrailer whose chassis and exterior shell is designed and
375 constructed for use as a mobile home, as defined in Subsection [
376 instead used permanently or temporarily for:
377 (i) the advertising, sale, display, or promotion of merchandise or services; or
378 (ii) any other commercial purpose except the transportation of property for hire or the
379 transportation of property for distribution by a private carrier.
381 (i) pedals to permit propulsion by human power; and
382 (ii) a motor which:
383 (A) produces not more than two brake horsepower; and
384 (B) is not capable of propelling the cycle at a speed in excess of 30 miles per hour on
385 level ground.
386 (b) If an internal combustion engine is used, the displacement may not exceed 50 cubic
387 centimeters and the moped shall have a power drive system that functions directly or
388 automatically without clutching or shifting by the operator after the drive system is engaged.
389 (c) "Moped" includes [
391 (a) at least two wheels in contact with the ground;
392 (b) a braking system capable of stopping the unit under typical operating conditions;
393 (c) a gas or electric motor not exceeding 40 cubic centimeters;
394 (d) either:
395 (i) a deck design for a person to stand while operating the device; or
396 (ii) a deck and seat designed for a person to sit, straddle, or stand while operating the
397 device; and
398 (e) a design for the ability to be propelled by human power alone.
400 vehicle which is propelled by electric power obtained from overhead trolley wires, but not
401 operated upon rails.
402 (b) "Motor vehicle" does not include vehicles moved solely by human power,
403 motorized wheelchairs, or an electric personal assistive mobility device.
405 saddle for the use of the rider and designed to travel with not more than three wheels in contact
406 with the ground.
409 (i) an engine with less than 150 cubic centimeters displacement; or
410 (ii) a motor which produces not more than five horsepower.
411 (b) "Motor-driven cycle" does not include an electric personal assistive mobility
414 under Section 41-22-2 .
416 41-22-2 .
419 or not.
420 (b) "Park" or "parking" does not include the standing of a vehicle temporarily for the
421 purpose of and while actually engaged in loading or unloading property or passengers.
423 Peace Officer Classifications, to direct or regulate traffic or to make arrests for violations of
424 traffic laws.
426 (a) on foot; or
427 (b) in a wheelchair.
429 regulate pedestrians.
433 (a) designed to be drawn by another vehicle and attached to the towing vehicle by
434 means of a reach, or pole, or by being boomed or otherwise secured to the towing vehicle; and
435 (b) that is ordinarily used for transporting long or irregular shaped loads including
436 poles, pipes, or structural members generally capable of sustaining themselves as beams
437 between the supporting connections.
439 and used for vehicular travel by the owner and those having express or implied permission
440 from the owner, but not by other persons.
442 stationary rails.
444 authority of a public body or official or by a railroad and intended to give notice of the presence
445 of railroad tracks or the approach of a railroad train.
447 coupled with or operated without cars, and operated upon rails.
449 lawful manner in preference to another vehicle or pedestrian approaching under circumstances
450 of direction, speed, and proximity which give rise to danger of collision unless one grants
451 precedence to the other.
453 ordinarily used for vehicular travel.
454 (b) "Roadway" does not include the sidewalk, berm, or shoulder, even though any of
455 them are used by persons riding bicycles or other human-powered vehicles.
456 (c) "Roadway" refers to any roadway separately but not to all roadways collectively, if
457 a highway includes two or more separate roadways.
459 for the exclusive use of pedestrians and which is protected, marked, or indicated by adequate
460 signs as to be plainly visible at all times while set apart as a safety zone.
462 (i) complies with the color and identification requirements of the most recent edition of
463 "Minimum Standards for School Buses"; and
464 (ii) is used to transport school children to or from school or school activities.
465 (b) "School bus" does not include a vehicle operated by a common carrier in
466 transportation of school children to or from school or school activities.
468 (i) designed for carrying persons or property and for being drawn by a motor vehicle;
470 (ii) constructed so that some part of its weight and that of its load rests on or is carried
471 by another vehicle.
472 (b) "Semitrailer" does not include a pole trailer.
474 (a) that area of the hard-surfaced highway separated from the roadway by a pavement
475 edge line as established in the current approved "Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices";
477 (b) that portion of the road contiguous to the roadway for accommodation of stopped
478 vehicles, for emergency use, and lateral support.
480 lateral lines of a roadway, and the adjacent property lines intended for the use of pedestrians.
482 does not depend on compressed air for the support of the load.
484 occupied or not, for the purpose of and while actually engaged in receiving or discharging
488 of a vehicle, whether occupied or not, except when:
489 (a) necessary to avoid conflict with other traffic; or
490 (b) in compliance with the directions of a peace officer or traffic-control device.
492 type I vehicle or utility type vehicle that is modified to meet the requirements of Section
493 41-6a-1509 to operate on highways in the state in accordance with Section 41-6a-1509 .
495 conveyances either singly or together while using any highway for the purpose of travel.
497 inconsistent with this chapter placed or erected by a highway authority for the purpose of
498 regulating, warning, or guiding traffic.
500 mechanically operated, by which traffic is alternately directed to stop and permitted to proceed.
502 designed, intended, or used to interfere with the operation or cycle of a traffic-control signal.
504 carrying persons or property and for being drawn by a motor vehicle and constructed so that no
505 part of its weight rests upon the towing vehicle.
506 (b) "Trailer" does not include a pole trailer.
508 the transportation of property.
510 (a) designed and used primarily for drawing other vehicles; and
511 (b) constructed to carry a part of the weight of the vehicle and load drawn by the truck
514 (a) provided for vehicle operators making left turns in either direction;
515 (b) that is not used for passing, overtaking, or through travel; and
516 (c) that has been indicated by a lane traffic-control device which may include lane
519 in which structures devoted to business, industry, or dwelling houses are situated at intervals of
520 less than 100 feet, for a distance of a quarter of a mile or more.
522 capable of travel over unimproved terrain:
523 (i) traveling on four or more tires;
524 (ii) having a width of 30 to 70 inches;
525 (iii) having an unladen dry weight of 2,200 pounds or less;
526 (iv) having a seat height of 25 to 40 inches when measured at the forward edge of the
527 seat bottom; and
528 (v) having side-by-side seating with a steering wheel for control.
529 (b) "Utility type vehicle" does not include:
530 (i) an all-terrain type I vehicle;
531 (ii) an all-terrain type II vehicle;
532 (iii) a motorcycle; or
533 (iv) a snowmobile as defined in Section 41-22-2 .
535 be transported or drawn on a highway, except devices used exclusively on stationary rails or
537 Section 5. Section 41-6a-305 is amended to read:
538 41-6a-305. Traffic-control signal -- At intersections -- At place other than
539 intersection -- Color of light signal -- Inoperative traffic-control signals.
540 (1) (a) Green, red, and yellow are the only colors that may be used in a traffic-control
541 signal, except for a:
542 (i) pedestrian traffic-control signal that may use white and orange; and
543 (ii) rail vehicle that may use white.
544 (b) Traffic-control signals apply to the operator of a vehicle and to a pedestrian as
545 provided in this section.
546 (2) (a) (i) Except as provided in Subsection (2)(a)(ii), the operator of a vehicle facing a
547 circular green signal may:
548 (A) proceed straight through the intersection;
549 (B) turn right; or
550 (C) turn left.
551 (ii) The operator of a vehicle facing a circular green signal, including an operator
552 turning right or left:
553 (A) shall yield the right-of-way to other vehicles and to pedestrians lawfully within the
554 intersection or an adjacent crosswalk at the time the signal is exhibited; and
555 (B) may not turn right or left if a sign at the intersection prohibits the turn.
556 (b) The operator of a vehicle facing a green arrow signal shown alone or in
557 combination with another indication:
558 (i) may cautiously enter the intersection only to make the movement indicated by the
559 arrow or other indication shown at the same time; and
560 (ii) shall yield the right-of-way to pedestrians lawfully within an adjacent crosswalk
561 and to other traffic lawfully using the intersection.
562 (c) Unless otherwise directed by a pedestrian traffic-control signal under Section
563 41-6a-306 , a pedestrian facing any green signal other than a green turn arrow may proceed
564 across the roadway within any marked or unmarked crosswalk.
565 (3) (a) The operator of a vehicle facing a steady circular yellow or yellow arrow signal
566 is warned that the allowable movement related to a green signal is being terminated.
567 (b) Unless otherwise directed by a pedestrian traffic-control signal under Section
568 41-6a-306 , a pedestrian facing a steady circular yellow or yellow arrow signal is advised that
569 there is insufficient time to cross the roadway before a red indication is shown, and a pedestrian
570 may not start to cross the roadway.
571 (4) (a) Except as provided in Subsection (4)(c), the operator of a vehicle facing a
572 steady circular red or red arrow signal:
573 (i) may not enter the intersection unless entering the intersection to make a movement
574 is permitted by another indication; and
575 (ii) shall stop at a clearly marked stop line, but if none, before entering the marked or
576 unmarked crosswalk on the near side of the intersection and shall remain stopped until an
577 indication to proceed is shown.
578 (b) Unless otherwise directed by a pedestrian traffic-control signal under Section
579 41-6a-306 , a pedestrian facing a steady red signal alone may not enter the roadway.
580 (c) (i) Except when facing a red arrow signal or when a sign is in place prohibiting a
581 turn, the operator of a vehicle facing any steady circular red signal may cautiously enter the
582 intersection to turn right, or may turn left from a one-way street into a one-way street, after
583 stopping as required by Subsection (4)(a).
584 (ii) The operator of a vehicle shall yield the right-of-way to:
585 (A) another vehicle moving through the intersection in accordance with an official
586 traffic-control signal; and
587 (B) a pedestrian lawfully within an adjacent crosswalk.
588 (5) (a) This section applies to a highway or rail line where a traffic-control signal is
589 erected and maintained.
590 (b) Any stop required shall be made at a sign or marking on the highway pavement
591 indicating where the stop shall be made, but, in the absence of any sign or marking, the stop
592 shall be made at the signal.
593 (6) The operator of a vehicle approaching an intersection that has an inoperative
594 traffic-control signal shall:
595 (a) stop before entering the intersection; and
596 (b) yield the right-of-way to any vehicle as required under Section 41-6a-901 .
597 (7) (a) Notwithstanding the provisions of this section, the operator of a motorcycle,
598 moped, or bicycle facing a steady circular red or red arrow signal may cautiously enter the
599 intersection to proceed straight through, turn right, or turn left if:
600 (i) the operator brings the motorcycle, moped, or bicycle to a complete stop at a clearly
601 marked stop line, but if none, before entering the marked or unmarked crosswalk on the near
602 side of the intersection;
603 (ii) the operator determines that the traffic-control signal has not detected the operator's
604 presence by waiting for a minimum of 90 seconds at the intersection;
605 (iii) the movement can be made without crossing a railroad track that is in or adjacent
606 to the intersection; and
607 (iv) no traffic other than a bicycle, moped, or motorcycle is present at the intersection
608 in the direction of travel of the operator.
609 (b) The operator of a motorcycle, moped, or bicycle proceeding through an intersection
610 in accordance with Subsection (7)(a) shall yield the right-of-way to a:
611 (i) vehicle moving through the intersection in accordance with an official
612 traffic-control signal; or
613 (ii) pedestrian lawfully crossing an adjacent crosswalk.
614 Section 6. Section 41-6a-701 is amended to read:
615 41-6a-701. Duty to operate vehicle on right side of roadway -- Exceptions.
616 (1) On all roadways of sufficient width, a person operating a vehicle shall operate the
617 vehicle on the right half of the roadway, except:
618 (a) when overtaking and passing another vehicle proceeding in the same direction
619 under the rules governing that movement;
620 (b) when an obstruction requires operating the vehicle to the left of the center of the
621 roadway subject to the provisions of Subsection (2);
622 (c) when overtaking and passing a bicycle or moped proceeding in the same direction
623 at a speed less than the reasonable speed of traffic then present requires operating the vehicle to
624 the left of the center of the roadway subject to the provisions of Subsection (2);
626 rules; or
628 (2) (a) A person operating a vehicle shall yield the right-of-way to a vehicle:
631 (b) When overtaking and passing a bicycle or moped under Subsection (1)(c), a person
632 operating a vehicle shall not pass a bicycle or moped proceeding in the same direction if the
633 pass cannot be made safely, including under any of the following conditions:
634 (i) when approaching or upon the crest of a grade or upon a curve in the highway
635 where the operator's view is in any way obstructed;
636 (ii) when approaching within 100 feet of, or traversing, any intersection or railroad
637 grade crossing unless otherwise indicated by official traffic control devices;
638 (iii) when the view is obstructed upon approaching within 100 feet of any bridge,
639 viaduct or tunnel; or
640 (iv) when the pass cannot be made in accordance with Section 41-6a-706.5 .
641 (3) A person operating a vehicle on a roadway at less than the normal speed of traffic
642 shall operate the vehicle in the right-hand lane then available for traffic, or as close as
643 practicable to the right-hand curb or edge of the roadway, except when:
644 (a) overtaking and passing another vehicle proceeding in the same direction;
645 (b) preparing to turn left; or
646 (c) taking a different highway or an exit on the left.
647 Section 7. Section 41-6a-708 is amended to read:
648 41-6a-708. Signs and markings on roadway -- No-passing zones -- Exceptions.
649 (1) (a) A highway authority may designate no-passing zones on any portion of a
650 highway under its jurisdiction if the highway authority determines passing is especially
652 (b) A highway authority shall designate a no-passing zone under Subsection (1)(a) by
653 placing appropriate traffic-control devices on the highway.
654 (2) A person operating a vehicle may not drive on the left side of:
655 (a) the roadway within the no-passing zone; or
656 (b) any pavement striping designed to mark the no-passing zone.
657 (3) Subsection (2) does not apply:
658 (a) under the conditions described under [
659 (c); or
660 (b) to a person operating a vehicle turning left onto or from an alley, private road, or
662 Section 8. Section 41-6a-710 is amended to read:
663 41-6a-710. Roadway divided into marked lanes -- Provisions -- Traffic-control
665 (1) For the purposes of this section, "bicycle lane" means a portion of the roadway that
666 has been designated for the preferential or exclusive use of bicyclists by:
667 (a) a highway authority; and
668 (b) one or a combination of the following:
669 (i) striping;
670 (ii) pavement markings; or
671 (iii) a traffic control device.
672 (2) On a roadway divided into two or more clearly marked lanes for traffic the
673 following provisions apply:
677 determined the movement can be made safely.
679 reasonable person acting under the same conditions and having regard for actual and potential
680 hazards then existing would determine that the movement could be made safely.
682 movement of traffic, a person operating a vehicle may not drive in the center lane except:
684 and when the center lane is:
688 41-6a-801 ; or
690 direction that the vehicle is proceeding as indicated by traffic-control devices.
692 specified traffic to use a designated lane or designating those lanes to be used by traffic moving
693 in a particular direction regardless of the center of the roadway.
695 erected under Subsection [
696 (d) Notwithstanding Subsection (2)(b)(i), on a roadway divided into three or more
697 lanes and providing for two-way movement of traffic, a person operating a vehicle may drive in
698 the center lane when:
699 (i) the center lane is clear of traffic within a safe distance; and
700 (ii) overtaking and passing a bicycle or moped moving at less than the reasonable
701 speed of traffic then present.
702 (3) (a) A person may not operate a motor vehicle in a bicycle lane except:
703 (i) to access parking where parking is permitted;
704 (ii) to enter the roadway from an alley, private road, or driveway;
705 (iii) to prepare for a turn:
706 (A) within a distance of 200 feet from the intersection, alley, private road, or driveway;
708 (B) as directed by striping or a traffic control device; and
709 (iv) in case of an emergency.
710 (b) Subsection (3)(a) does not prohibit the use of a bicycle lane by:
711 (i) the highway authority that has jurisdiction over the bicycle lane;
712 (ii) an authorized emergency vehicle;
713 (iii) a school bus or transit vehicle, as defined in Section 17B-2a-802 , for the active
714 loading and unloading of passengers by:
715 (A) briefly driving within or through the bicycle lane; or
716 (B) stopping within the bicycle lane while in the process of taking on or discharging
717 passengers; and
718 (iv) a person operating a moped:
719 (A) at a speed no greater than is reasonable or prudent, having due regard for visibility,
720 traffic conditions, and the conditions of the roadway; and
721 (B) in a manner that does not endanger the safety of bicyclists.
722 (c) A person operating a motor vehicle in a bicycle lane in accordance with Subsection
723 (3) shall yield the right-of-way to all bicycles, mopeds, and pedestrians within the bicycle lane.
724 (d) A person operating a bicycle or moped in a bicycle lane shall ride in the same
725 direction as traffic on the roadway unless the bicycle lane is designated for two-way travel.
726 Section 9. Section 41-6a-1114 is amended to read:
727 41-6a-1114. Bicycles -- Lamps and reflective material required.
728 (1) Every bicycle in use or operator of a bicycle at the times described in Section
729 41-6a-1603 shall be equipped with a:
730 (a) lamp of a type approved by the department which is on the front emitting a white
731 light visible from a distance of at least 500 feet to the front; and
732 (b) (i) red reflector of a type approved by the department which is visible for 500 feet
733 to the rear when directly in front of lawful lower beams of head lamps on a motor vehicle; or
734 (ii) red taillight designed for use on a bicycle and emitting flashing or nonflashing light
735 visible from a distance of 500 feet to the rear.
736 (2) Every bicycle when in use or operator of a bicycle at the times described in Section
737 41-6a-1603 shall be equipped with:
738 (a) reflective material of sufficient size and reflectivity to be visible from both sides for
739 500 feet when directly in front of lawful lower beams of head lamps on a motor vehicle; or
740 (b) in lieu of reflective material, a lighted lamp visible from both sides from a distance
741 of at least 500 feet.
742 (3) A bicycle or [
743 reflectors in addition to those required by Subsections (1) and (2).
744 Section 10. Section 41-12a-301 is amended to read:
745 41-12a-301. Definition -- Requirement of owner's or operator's security --
747 (1) As used in this section:
748 (a) "highway" has the same meaning as provided in Section 41-1a-102 ; and
749 (b) "quasi-public road or parking area" has the same meaning as provided in Section
750 41-6a-214 .
751 (2) Except as provided in Subsection (5):
752 (a) every resident owner of a motor vehicle shall maintain owner's or operator's
753 security in effect at any time that the motor vehicle is operated on a highway or on a
754 quasi-public road or parking area within the state; and
755 (b) every nonresident owner of a motor vehicle that has been physically present in this
756 state for:
757 (i) 90 or fewer days during the preceding 365 days shall maintain the type and amount
758 of owner's or operator's security required in his place of residence, in effect continuously
759 throughout the period the motor vehicle remains within Utah; or
760 (ii) more than 90 days during the preceding 365 days shall thereafter maintain owner's
761 or operator's security in effect continuously throughout the period the motor vehicle remains
762 within Utah.
763 (3) (a) Except as provided in Subsection (5), the state and all of its political
764 subdivisions and their respective departments, institutions, or agencies shall maintain owner's
765 or operator's security in effect continuously for their motor vehicles.
766 (b) Any other state is considered a nonresident owner of its motor vehicles and is
767 subject to Subsection (2)(b).
768 (4) The United States, any political subdivision of it, or any of its agencies may
769 maintain owner's or operator's security in effect for their motor vehicles.
770 (5) Owner's or operator's security is not required for any of the following:
771 (a) off-highway vehicles registered under Section 41-22-3 when operated either:
772 (i) on a highway designated as open for off-highway vehicle use; or
773 (ii) in the manner prescribed by Subsections 41-22-10.3 (1) through (3);
774 (b) off-highway implements of husbandry operated in the manner prescribed by
775 Subsections 41-22-5.5 (3) through (5);
776 (c) [
777 (d) motor assisted scooters as defined under Section 41-6a-102 ; or
778 (e) electric personal assistive mobility devices as defined under Section 41-6a-102 .
779 Section 11. Section 53-3-202 is amended to read:
780 53-3-202. Drivers must be licensed -- Taxicab endorsement -- Violation.
781 (1) A person may not drive a motor vehicle on a highway in this state unless the person
783 (a) granted the privilege to operate a motor vehicle by being licensed as a driver by the
784 division under this chapter;
785 (b) driving an official United States Government class D motor vehicle with a valid
786 United States Government driver permit or license for that type of vehicle;
787 (c) driving a road roller, road machinery, or any farm tractor or implement of
788 husbandry temporarily drawn, moved, or propelled on the highways;
789 (d) a nonresident who is at least 16 years of age and younger than 18 years of age who
790 has in the nonresident's immediate possession a valid license certificate issued to the
791 nonresident in the nonresident's home state or country and is driving in the class or classes
792 identified on the home state license certificate, except those persons referred to in Part 6,
793 Drivers' License Compact, of this chapter;
794 (e) a nonresident who is at least 18 years of age and who has in the nonresident's
795 immediate possession a valid license certificate issued to the nonresident in the nonresident's
796 home state or country if driving in the class or classes identified on the home state license
797 certificate, except those persons referred to in Part 6, Drivers' License Compact, of this chapter;
798 (f) driving under a learner permit in accordance with Section 53-3-210.5 ;
799 (g) driving with a temporary license certificate issued in accordance with Section
800 53-3-207 ; or
801 (h) exempt under Title 41, Chapter 22, Off-Highway Vehicles.
802 (2) A person may not drive or, while within the passenger compartment of a motor
803 vehicle, exercise any degree or form of physical control of a motor vehicle being towed by a
804 motor vehicle upon a highway unless the person:
805 (a) holds a valid license issued under this chapter for the type or class of motor vehicle
806 being towed; or
807 (b) is exempted under either Subsection (1)(b) or (1)(c).
808 (3) A person may not drive a motor vehicle as a taxicab on a highway of this state
809 unless the person has a taxicab endorsement issued by the division on his license certificate.
810 (4) (a) Except as provided in Subsections (4)(b) and (c), a person may not operate:
811 (i) a motorcycle unless the person has a valid class D driver license and a motorcycle
812 endorsement issued under this chapter;
813 (ii) a street legal all-terrain vehicle unless the person has a valid class D driver license;
815 (iii) a motor-driven cycle unless the person has a valid class D driver license and a
816 motorcycle endorsement issued under this chapter.
817 (b) A person operating a moped, as defined in Section 41-6a-102 , or [
819 motorcycle endorsement issued under this chapter.
820 (c) A person is not required to have a valid class D driver license if the person is:
821 (i) operating a motor assisted scooter, as defined in Section 41-6a-102 , in accordance
822 with Section 41-6a-1115 ; or
823 (ii) operating an electric personal assistive mobility device, as defined in Section
824 41-6a-102 , in accordance with Section 41-6a-1116 .
825 (5) A person who violates this section is guilty of a class C misdemeanor.
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