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First Substitute S.B. 191


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Senate 3rd Reading Amendments 3-1-2012 kh/aos
This document includes Senate 2nd Reading Floor Amendments incorporated into the bill on Tue, Feb 28, 2012 at 3:41 PM by khelgesen. --> This document includes Senate 3rd Reading Floor Amendments incorporated into the bill on Thu, Mar 1, 2012 at 5:05 PM by khelgesen. -->
Senator Jerry W. Stevenson proposes the following substitute bill:


             1     
ACCOUNTABILITY FOR SCHOOL ATTENDANCE

             2     
2012 GENERAL SESSION

             3     
STATE OF UTAH

             4     
Chief Sponsor: Jerry W. Stevenson

             5     
House Sponsor: Kay L. McIff

             6     

             7      LONG TITLE
             8      General Description:
             9          This bill modifies provisions relating to habitual truants.
             10      Highlighted Provisions:
             11          This bill:
             12          .    allows a law enforcement officer acting as a school resource officer to issue notices
             13      of compulsory education violation, notices of truancy, and habitual truant notices;
             13a      S. . specifically exempts a student that attends school at home from truancy violation
             13b      provisions; .S
             14          .    removes exclusive jurisdiction of certain truancy violations from the juvenile court; S.
             14a      and .S
             15          . S. [     requires a school board, charter board, or school district to issue a habitual
             15a      truant
             16      citation to a habitual truant if reasonable efforts have been taken to resolve the
             17      school attendance problem and the efforts have not been successful; and
] .S

             18          .    makes technical changes.
             19      Money Appropriated in this Bill:
             20          None
             21      Other Special Clauses:
             22          None
             23      Utah Code Sections Affected:
             24      AMENDS:
             25          53A-11-101.5, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2009, Chapter 161



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             26
         53A-11-101.7, as enacted by Laws of Utah 2007, Chapter 81
             27          53A-11-103, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 3
             28     

             29      Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
             30          Section 1. Section 53A-11-101.5 is amended to read:
             31           53A-11-101.5. Compulsory education.
             32          (1) For purposes of this section:
             33          (a) "Intentionally" is as defined in Section 76-2-103 .
             34          (b) "Recklessly" is as defined in Section 76-2-103 .
             35          (c) "Remainder of the school year" means the portion of the school year beginning on
             36      the day after the day on which the notice of compulsory education violation described in
             37      Subsection (3) is served and ending on the last day of the school year.
             38          (d) "School-age child" means a school-age minor under the age of 14.
             39          (2) Except as provided in Section 53A-11-102 or 53A-11-102.5 , the parent of a
             40      school-age minor shall enroll and send the school-age minor to a public or regularly established
             41      private school.
             42          (3) A school administrator, a designee of a school administrator, a law enforcement
             43      officer acting as a school resource officer, or a truancy specialist may issue a notice of
             44      compulsory education violation to a parent of a school-age child if the school-age child is
             45      absent without a valid excuse at least five times during the school year.
             46          (4) The notice of compulsory education violation, described in Subsection (3):
             47          (a) shall direct the parent of the school-age child to:
             48          (i) meet with school authorities to discuss the school-age child's school attendance
             49      problems; and
             50          (ii) cooperate with the school board, local charter board, or school district in securing
             51      regular attendance by the school-age child;
             52          (b) shall designate the school authorities with whom the parent is required to meet;
             53          (c) shall state that it is a class B misdemeanor for the parent of the school-age child to
             54      intentionally or recklessly:
             55          (i) fail to meet with the designated school authorities to discuss the school-age child's
             56      school attendance problems; or



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             57
         (ii) fail to prevent the school-age child from being absent without a valid excuse five or
             58      more times during the remainder of the school year;
             59          (d) shall be served on the school-age child's parent by personal service or certified
             60      mail; and
             61          (e) may not be issued unless the school-age child has been truant at least five times
             62      during the school year.
             63          (5) It is a class B misdemeanor for a parent of a school-age minor to intentionally or
             64      recklessly fail to enroll the school-age minor in school, unless the school-age minor is exempt
             65      from enrollment under Section 53A-11-102 or 53A-11-102.5 .
             66          (6) It is a class B misdemeanor for a parent of a school-age child to, after being served
             67      with a notice of compulsory education violation in accordance with Subsections (3) and (4),
             68      intentionally or recklessly:
             69          (a) fail to meet with the school authorities designated in the notice of compulsory
             70      education violation to discuss the school-age child's school attendance problems; or
             71          (b) fail to prevent the school-age child from being absent without a valid excuse five or
             72      more times during the remainder of the school year.
             73          (7) A local school board, local charter board, or school district shall report violations of
             74      this section to the appropriate county or district attorney.
             75          [(8) The juvenile court has jurisdiction over an action filed under this section.]
             76          Section 2. Section 53A-11-101.7 is amended to read:
             77           53A-11-101.7. Truancy -- Notice of truancy -- Failure to cooperate with school
             78      authorities -- Habitual truant citation.
             79          (1) Except as provided in Section 53A-11-102 or 53A-11-102.5 , a school-age minor
             80      who is enrolled in a public school shall attend the public school in which the school-age minor
             81      is enrolled.
             82          (2) A local school board, local charter board, or school district may impose
             83      administrative penalties on a school-age minor who is truant.
             84          (3) A local school board or local charter board:
             85          (a) may authorize a school administrator, a designee of a school administrator, a law
             86      enforcement officer acting as a school resource officer, or a truancy specialist to issue notices
             87      of truancy to school-age minors who are at least 12 years old; and



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Senate 3rd Reading Amendments 3-1-2012 kh/aos

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Senate 2nd Reading Amendments 2-28-2012 kh/aos
             88
         (b) shall establish a procedure for a school-age minor, or the school-age minor's
             89      parents, to contest a notice of truancy.
             90          (4) The notice of truancy described in Subsection (3):
             91          (a) may not be issued until the school-age minor has been truant at least five times
             92      during the school year;
             93          (b) may not be issued to a school-age minor who is less than 12 years old;
             93a           S. (c) may not be issued to a minor exempt from school attendance as provided in
             93b      Section 53A-11-102 or 53A-11-102.5; .S
             94           S. [ (c) ] (d) .S shall direct the school-age minor and the parent of the school-age minor to:
             95          (i) meet with school authorities to discuss the school-age minor's truancies; and
             96          (ii) cooperate with the school board, local charter board, or school district in securing
             97      regular attendance by the school-age minor; and
             98           S. [ (d) ] (e) .S shall be mailed to, or served on, the school-age minor's parent.
             99          (5) A habitual truant citation S. [ [ ] may [ ] ] [ shall ] .S be issued to a habitual truant if:
             100          (a) the local school board, local charter board, or school district has made reasonable
             101      efforts, under Section 53A-11-103 , to resolve the school attendance problems of the habitual
             102      truant; and
             103          (b) the efforts to resolve the school attendance problems, described in Subsection
             104      (5)(a), have not been successful.
             105          (6) A habitual truant to whom a habitual truant citation is issued under Subsection (5):
             106          (a) shall be referred to the juvenile court for violation of Subsection (1); and
             107          (b) is subject to the jurisdiction of the juvenile court.
             108          (7) A notice of truancy or a habitual truant citation may only be issued by:
             109          (a) a school administrator, or a truancy specialist, who is authorized by a local school
             110      board or local charter board; [or]
             111          (b) a designee of a school administrator described in Subsection (7)(a)[.]; or
             112          (c) a law enforcement officer acting as a school resource officer.
             113          (8) Nothing in this part prohibits a local school board, local charter board, or school
             114      district from taking action to resolve a truancy problem with a school-age minor who has been
             115      truant less than five times, provided that the action does not conflict with the requirements of
             116      this part.
             116a           S. (9) Nothing in this part allows a local school board or charter school governing
             116b      board to issue a citation pursuant to this section if the minor is exempt from school attendance
             116c      as provided in Section 53A-11-102 or 53A-11-102.5. .S
             117          Section 3. Section 53A-11-103 is amended to read:
             118           53A-11-103. Duties of a school board, local charter board, or school district in



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Senate 3rd Reading Amendments 3-1-2012 kh/aos
             119
     resolving attendance problems -- Parental involvement -- Liability not imposed.
             120          (1) S. (a) Except as provided in Subsection (1)(b), a [ A ] .S local school board, local
             120a      charter board, or school district shall make efforts to
             121      resolve the school attendance problems of each school-age minor who is, or should be, enrolled
             122      in the school district.
             122a           S. (b) A minor exempt from school attendance under Section 53A-11-102 or
             122b      53A-11-102.5 is not considered to be a minor who is or should be enrolled in a school district or
             122c      charter school under Subsection (1)(a). .S
             123          (2) The efforts described in Subsection (1) shall include, as reasonably feasible:
             124          (a) counseling of the minor by school authorities;
             125          (b) issuing a notice of truancy to a school-age minor who is at least 12 years old, in
             126      accordance with Section 53A-11-101.7 ;
             127          (c) issuing a habitual truant citation, in accordance with Section 53A-11-101.7 ;
             128          [(c)] (d) issuing a notice of compulsory education violation to a parent of a school-age
             129      child, in accordance with Section 53A-11-101.5 ;
             130          [(d)] (e) making any necessary adjustment to the curriculum and schedule to meet
             131      special needs of the minor;
             132          [(e)] (f) considering alternatives proposed by a parent;
             133          [(f)] (g) monitoring school attendance of the minor;
             134          [(g)] (h) voluntary participation in truancy mediation, if available; and
             135          [(h)] (i) providing a school-age minor's parent, upon request, with a list of resources
             136      available to assist the parent in resolving the school-age minor's attendance problems.
             137          (3) In addition to the efforts described in Subsection (2), the local school board, local
             138      charter board, or school district may enlist the assistance of community and law enforcement
             139      agencies as appropriate and reasonably feasible.
             140          (4) This section shall not impose any civil liability on boards of education, local school
             141      boards, local charter boards, school districts, or their employees.
             142          (5) Proceedings initiated under this part do not obligate or preclude action by the
             143      Division of Child and Family Services under Section 78A-6-319 .


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