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[Introduced][Amended][Status][Bill Documents][Fiscal Note][Bills Directory]

S.B. 118 Enrolled

             1     

TRANSFERABLE DEVELOPMENT RIGHTS AMENDMENTS

             2     
2012 GENERAL SESSION

             3     
STATE OF UTAH

             4     
Chief Sponsor: Wayne L. Niederhauser

             5     
House Sponsor: Kraig Powell

             6     
             7      LONG TITLE
             8      General Description:
             9          This bill authorizes a municipality or county to adopt an ordinance permitting the
             10      transfer of a transferable development right and prohibits a municipality or county from
             11      allowing the use of a transferable development right unless the municipality or county
             12      has adopted the ordinance.
             13      Highlighted Provisions:
             14          This bill:
             15          .    defines terms;
             16          .    authorizes a municipality or county to adopt an ordinance permitting the transfer of
             17      a transferable development right;
             18          .    prohibits a municipality or county from allowing the use of a transferable
             19      development right unless the municipality or county has adopted the ordinance; and
             20          .    makes technical corrections.
             21      Money Appropriated in this Bill:
             22          None
             23      Other Special Clauses:
             24          None
             25      Utah Code Sections Affected:
             26      AMENDS:
             27          10-9a-103, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2011, Chapters 47, 92, 107, and 407
             28          10-9a-509.7, as enacted by Laws of Utah 2007, Chapter 199
             29          17-27a-103, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2011, Chapters 47, 92, 107, and 407


             30          17-27a-509.7, as enacted by Laws of Utah 2007, Chapter 199
             31     
             32      Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
             33          Section 1. Section 10-9a-103 is amended to read:
             34           10-9a-103. Definitions.
             35          As used in this chapter:
             36          (1) "Affected entity" means a county, municipality, local district, special service
             37      district under Title 17D, Chapter 1, Special Service District Act, school district, interlocal
             38      cooperation entity established under Title 11, Chapter 13, Interlocal Cooperation Act, specified
             39      public utility, a property owner, a property owners association, or the Utah Department of
             40      Transportation, if:
             41          (a) the entity's services or facilities are likely to require expansion or significant
             42      modification because of an intended use of land;
             43          (b) the entity has filed with the municipality a copy of the entity's general or long-range
             44      plan; or
             45          (c) the entity has filed with the municipality a request for notice during the same
             46      calendar year and before the municipality provides notice to an affected entity in compliance
             47      with a requirement imposed under this chapter.
             48          (2) "Appeal authority" means the person, board, commission, agency, or other body
             49      designated by ordinance to decide an appeal of a decision of a land use application or a
             50      variance.
             51          (3) "Billboard" means a freestanding ground sign located on industrial, commercial, or
             52      residential property if the sign is designed or intended to direct attention to a business, product,
             53      or service that is not sold, offered, or existing on the property where the sign is located.
             54          (4) (a) "Charter school" means:
             55          (i) an operating charter school;
             56          (ii) a charter school applicant that has its application approved by a chartering entity in
             57      accordance with Title 53A, Chapter 1a, Part 5, The Utah Charter Schools Act; or


             58          (iii) an entity who is working on behalf of a charter school or approved charter
             59      applicant to develop or construct a charter school building.
             60          (b) "Charter school" does not include a therapeutic school.
             61          (5) "Conditional use" means a land use that, because of its unique characteristics or
             62      potential impact on the municipality, surrounding neighbors, or adjacent land uses, may not be
             63      compatible in some areas or may be compatible only if certain conditions are required that
             64      mitigate or eliminate the detrimental impacts.
             65          (6) "Constitutional taking" means a governmental action that results in a taking of
             66      private property so that compensation to the owner of the property is required by the:
             67          (a) Fifth or Fourteenth Amendment of the Constitution of the United States; or
             68          (b) Utah Constitution Article I, Section 22.
             69          (7) "Culinary water authority" means the department, agency, or public entity with
             70      responsibility to review and approve the feasibility of the culinary water system and sources for
             71      the subject property.
             72          (8) "Development activity" means:
             73          (a) any construction or expansion of a building, structure, or use that creates additional
             74      demand and need for public facilities;
             75          (b) any change in use of a building or structure that creates additional demand and need
             76      for public facilities; or
             77          (c) any change in the use of land that creates additional demand and need for public
             78      facilities.
             79          (9) (a) "Disability" means a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one
             80      or more of a person's major life activities, including a person having a record of such an
             81      impairment or being regarded as having such an impairment.
             82          (b) "Disability" does not include current illegal use of, or addiction to, any federally
             83      controlled substance, as defined in Section 102 of the Controlled Substances Act, 21 U.S.C.
             84      802.
             85          (10) "Educational facility":


             86          (a) means:
             87          (i) a school district's building at which pupils assemble to receive instruction in a
             88      program for any combination of grades from preschool through grade 12, including
             89      kindergarten and a program for children with disabilities;
             90          (ii) a structure or facility:
             91          (A) located on the same property as a building described in Subsection (10)(a)(i); and
             92          (B) used in support of the use of that building; and
             93          (iii) a building to provide office and related space to a school district's administrative
             94      personnel; and
             95          (b) does not include:
             96          (i) land or a structure, including land or a structure for inventory storage, equipment
             97      storage, food processing or preparing, vehicle storage or maintenance, or similar use that is:
             98          (A) not located on the same property as a building described in Subsection (10)(a)(i);
             99      and
             100          (B) used in support of the purposes of a building described in Subsection (10)(a)(i); or
             101          (ii) a therapeutic school.
             102          (11) "Elderly person" means a person who is 60 years old or older, who desires or
             103      needs to live with other elderly persons in a group setting, but who is capable of living
             104      independently.
             105          (12) "Fire authority" means the department, agency, or public entity with responsibility
             106      to review and approve the feasibility of fire protection and suppression services for the subject
             107      property.
             108          (13) "Flood plain" means land that:
             109          (a) is within the 100-year flood plain designated by the Federal Emergency
             110      Management Agency; or
             111          (b) has not been studied or designated by the Federal Emergency Management Agency
             112      but presents a likelihood of experiencing chronic flooding or a catastrophic flood event because
             113      the land has characteristics that are similar to those of a 100-year flood plain designated by the


             114      Federal Emergency Management Agency.
             115          (14) "General plan" means a document that a municipality adopts that sets forth general
             116      guidelines for proposed future development of the land within the municipality.
             117          (15) "Geologic hazard" means:
             118          (a) a surface fault rupture;
             119          (b) shallow groundwater;
             120          (c) liquefaction;
             121          (d) a landslide;
             122          (e) a debris flow;
             123          (f) unstable soil;
             124          (g) a rock fall; or
             125          (h) any other geologic condition that presents a risk:
             126          (i) to life;
             127          (ii) of substantial loss of real property; or
             128          (iii) of substantial damage to real property.
             129          (16) "Hookup fee" means a fee for the installation and inspection of any pipe, line,
             130      meter, or appurtenance that connects to a municipal water, sewer, storm water, power, or other
             131      utility system.
             132          (17) "Identical plans" means building plans submitted to a municipality that:
             133          (a) are clearly marked as "identical plans";
             134          (b) are substantially identical to building plans that were previously submitted to and
             135      reviewed and approved by the municipality; and
             136          (c) describe a building that:
             137          (i) is located on land zoned the same as the land on which the building described in the
             138      previously approved plans is located;
             139          (ii) is subject to the same geological and meteorological conditions and the same law
             140      as the building described in the previously approved plans;
             141          (iii) has a floor plan identical to the building plan previously submitted to and reviewed


             142      and approved by the municipality; and
             143          (iv) does not require any additional engineering or analysis.
             144          (18) "Impact fee" means a payment of money imposed under Title 11, Chapter 36a,
             145      Impact Fees Act.
             146          (19) "Improvement assurance" means a surety bond, letter of credit, cash, or other
             147      security:
             148          (a) to guaranty the proper completion of an improvement;
             149          (b) that is required as a condition precedent to:
             150          (i) recording a subdivision plat; or
             151          (ii) beginning development activity; and
             152          (c) that is offered to a land use authority to induce the land use authority, before actual
             153      construction of required improvements, to:
             154          (i) consent to the recording of a subdivision plat; or
             155          (ii) issue a permit for development activity.
             156          (20) "Improvement assurance warranty" means a promise that the materials and
             157      workmanship of improvements:
             158          (a) comport with standards that the municipality has officially adopted; and
             159          (b) will not fail in any material respect within a warranty period.
             160          (21) "Internal lot restriction" means a platted note, platted demarcation, or platted
             161      designation that:
             162          (a) runs with the land; and
             163          (b) (i) creates a restriction that is enclosed within the perimeter of a lot described on
             164      the plat; or
             165          (ii) designates a development condition that is enclosed within the perimeter of a lot
             166      described on the plat.
             167          (22) "Land use application" means an application required by a municipality's land use
             168      ordinance.
             169          (23) "Land use authority" means a person, board, commission, agency, or other body


             170      designated by the local legislative body to act upon a land use application.
             171          (24) "Land use ordinance" means a planning, zoning, development, or subdivision
             172      ordinance of the municipality, but does not include the general plan.
             173          (25) "Land use permit" means a permit issued by a land use authority.
             174          (26) "Legislative body" means the municipal council.
             175          (27) "Local district" means an entity under Title 17B, Limited Purpose Local
             176      Government Entities - Local Districts, and any other governmental or quasi-governmental
             177      entity that is not a county, municipality, school district, or the state.
             178          (28) "Lot line adjustment" means the relocation of the property boundary line in a
             179      subdivision between two adjoining lots with the consent of the owners of record.
             180          (29) "Moderate income housing" means housing occupied or reserved for occupancy
             181      by households with a gross household income equal to or less than 80% of the median gross
             182      income for households of the same size in the county in which the city is located.
             183          (30) "Nominal fee" means a fee that reasonably reimburses a municipality only for time
             184      spent and expenses incurred in:
             185          (a) verifying that building plans are identical plans; and
             186          (b) reviewing and approving those minor aspects of identical plans that differ from the
             187      previously reviewed and approved building plans.
             188          (31) "Noncomplying structure" means a structure that:
             189          (a) legally existed before its current land use designation; and
             190          (b) because of one or more subsequent land use ordinance changes, does not conform
             191      to the setback, height restrictions, or other regulations, excluding those regulations, which
             192      govern the use of land.
             193          (32) "Nonconforming use" means a use of land that:
             194          (a) legally existed before its current land use designation;
             195          (b) has been maintained continuously since the time the land use ordinance governing
             196      the land changed; and
             197          (c) because of one or more subsequent land use ordinance changes, does not conform


             198      to the regulations that now govern the use of the land.
             199          (33) "Official map" means a map drawn by municipal authorities and recorded in a
             200      county recorder's office that:
             201          (a) shows actual and proposed rights-of-way, centerline alignments, and setbacks for
             202      highways and other transportation facilities;
             203          (b) provides a basis for restricting development in designated rights-of-way or between
             204      designated setbacks to allow the government authorities time to purchase or otherwise reserve
             205      the land; and
             206          (c) has been adopted as an element of the municipality's general plan.
             207          (34) "Person" means an individual, corporation, partnership, organization, association,
             208      trust, governmental agency, or any other legal entity.
             209          (35) "Plan for moderate income housing" means a written document adopted by a city
             210      legislative body that includes:
             211          (a) an estimate of the existing supply of moderate income housing located within the
             212      city;
             213          (b) an estimate of the need for moderate income housing in the city for the next five
             214      years as revised biennially;
             215          (c) a survey of total residential land use;
             216          (d) an evaluation of how existing land uses and zones affect opportunities for moderate
             217      income housing; and
             218          (e) a description of the city's program to encourage an adequate supply of moderate
             219      income housing.
             220          (36) "Plat" means a map or other graphical representation of lands being laid out and
             221      prepared in accordance with Section 10-9a-603 , 17-23-17 , or 57-8-13 .
             222          (37) "Potential geologic hazard area" means an area that:
             223          (a) is designated by a Utah Geological Survey map, county geologist map, or other
             224      relevant map or report as needing further study to determine the area's potential for geologic
             225      hazard; or


             226          (b) has not been studied by the Utah Geological Survey or a county geologist but
             227      presents the potential of geologic hazard because the area has characteristics similar to those of
             228      a designated geologic hazard area.
             229          (38) "Public agency" means:
             230          (a) the federal government;
             231          (b) the state;
             232          (c) a county, municipality, school district, local district, special service district, or other
             233      political subdivision of the state; or
             234          (d) a charter school.
             235          (39) "Public hearing" means a hearing at which members of the public are provided a
             236      reasonable opportunity to comment on the subject of the hearing.
             237          (40) "Public meeting" means a meeting that is required to be open to the public under
             238      Title 52, Chapter 4, Open and Public Meetings Act.
             239          (41) "Receiving zone" means an area of a municipality that the municipality
             240      designates, by ordinance, as an area in which an owner of land may receive a transferable
             241      development right.
             242          [(41)] (42) "Record of survey map" means a map of a survey of land prepared in
             243      accordance with Section 17-23-17 .
             244          [(42) "Receiving zone" means an area of a municipality that the municipality's land use
             245      authority designates as an area in which an owner of land may receive transferrable
             246      development rights.]
             247          (43) "Residential facility for elderly persons" means a single-family or multiple-family
             248      dwelling unit that meets the requirements of Section 10-9a-516 , but does not include a health
             249      care facility as defined by Section 26-21-2 .
             250          (44) "Residential facility for persons with a disability" means a residence:
             251          (a) in which more than one person with a disability resides; and
             252          (b) (i) is licensed or certified by the Department of Human Services under Title 62A,
             253      Chapter 2, Licensure of Programs and Facilities; or


             254          (ii) is licensed or certified by the Department of Health under Title 26, Chapter 21,
             255      Health Care Facility Licensing and Inspection Act.
             256          (45) "Rules of order and procedure" means a set of rules that govern and prescribe in a
             257      public meeting:
             258          (a) parliamentary order and procedure;
             259          (b) ethical behavior; and
             260          (c) civil discourse.
             261          (46) "Sanitary sewer authority" means the department, agency, or public entity with
             262      responsibility to review and approve the feasibility of sanitary sewer services or onsite
             263      wastewater systems.
             264          (47) "Sending zone" means an area of a municipality that the [municipality's land use
             265      authority] municipality designates, by ordinance, as an area from which an owner of land may
             266      transfer [transferrable development rights to an owner of land in a receiving zone] a
             267      transferable development right.
             268          (48) "Specified public agency" means:
             269          (a) the state;
             270          (b) a school district; or
             271          (c) a charter school.
             272          (49) "Specified public utility" means an electrical corporation, gas corporation, or
             273      telephone corporation, as those terms are defined in Section 54-2-1 .
             274          (50) "State" includes any department, division, or agency of the state.
             275          (51) "Street" means a public right-of-way, including a highway, avenue, boulevard,
             276      parkway, road, lane, walk, alley, viaduct, subway, tunnel, bridge, public easement, or other
             277      way.
             278          (52) (a) "Subdivision" means any land that is divided, resubdivided or proposed to be
             279      divided into two or more lots, parcels, sites, units, plots, or other division of land for the
             280      purpose, whether immediate or future, for offer, sale, lease, or development either on the
             281      installment plan or upon any and all other plans, terms, and conditions.


             282          (b) "Subdivision" includes:
             283          (i) the division or development of land whether by deed, metes and bounds description,
             284      devise and testacy, map, plat, or other recorded instrument; and
             285          (ii) except as provided in Subsection (52)(c), divisions of land for residential and
             286      nonresidential uses, including land used or to be used for commercial, agricultural, and
             287      industrial purposes.
             288          (c) "Subdivision" does not include:
             289          (i) a bona fide division or partition of agricultural land for the purpose of joining one of
             290      the resulting separate parcels to a contiguous parcel of unsubdivided agricultural land, if
             291      neither the resulting combined parcel nor the parcel remaining from the division or partition
             292      violates an applicable land use ordinance;
             293          (ii) a recorded agreement between owners of adjoining unsubdivided properties
             294      adjusting their mutual boundary if:
             295          (A) no new lot is created; and
             296          (B) the adjustment does not violate applicable land use ordinances;
             297          (iii) a recorded document, executed by the owner of record:
             298          (A) revising the legal description of more than one contiguous unsubdivided parcel of
             299      property into one legal description encompassing all such parcels of property; or
             300          (B) joining a subdivided parcel of property to another parcel of property that has not
             301      been subdivided, if the joinder does not violate applicable land use ordinances;
             302          (iv) a recorded agreement between owners of adjoining subdivided properties adjusting
             303      their mutual boundary if:
             304          (A) no new dwelling lot or housing unit will result from the adjustment; and
             305          (B) the adjustment will not violate any applicable land use ordinance; or
             306          (v) a bona fide division or partition of land by deed or other instrument where the land
             307      use authority expressly approves in writing the division in anticipation of further land use
             308      approvals on the parcel or parcels.
             309          (d) The joining of a subdivided parcel of property to another parcel of property that has


             310      not been subdivided does not constitute a subdivision under this Subsection (52) as to the
             311      unsubdivided parcel of property or subject the unsubdivided parcel to the municipality's
             312      subdivision ordinance.
             313          (53) "Therapeutic school" means a residential group living facility:
             314          (a) for four or more individuals who are not related to:
             315          (i) the owner of the facility; or
             316          (ii) the primary service provider of the facility;
             317          (b) that serves students who have a history of failing to function:
             318          (i) at home;
             319          (ii) in a public school; or
             320          (iii) in a nonresidential private school; and
             321          (c) that offers:
             322          (i) room and board; and
             323          (ii) an academic education integrated with:
             324          (A) specialized structure and supervision; or
             325          (B) services or treatment related to a disability, an emotional development, a
             326      behavioral development, a familial development, or a social development.
             327          (54) ["Transferrable] "Transferable development right" means [the entitlement to
             328      develop land within a sending zone that would vest according to the municipality's existing
             329      land use ordinances on the date that a completed land use application is filed seeking the
             330      approval of development activity on the land] a right to develop and use land that originates by
             331      an ordinance that authorizes a land owner in a designated sending zone to transfer land use
             332      rights from a designated sending zone to a designated receiving zone.
             333          (55) "Unincorporated" means the area outside of the incorporated area of a city or
             334      town.
             335          (56) "Water interest" means any right to the beneficial use of water, including:
             336          (a) each of the rights listed in Section 73-1-11 ; and
             337          (b) an ownership interest in the right to the beneficial use of water represented by:


             338          (i) a contract; or
             339          (ii) a share in a water company, as defined in Section 73-3-3.5 .
             340          (57) "Zoning map" means a map, adopted as part of a land use ordinance, that depicts
             341      land use zones, overlays, or districts.
             342          Section 2. Section 10-9a-509.7 is amended to read:
             343           10-9a-509.7. Transferable development rights.
             344          (1) A municipality may adopt an ordinance:
             345          [(1)] (a) designating sending zones and receiving zones within the municipality; and
             346          [(2)] (b) allowing the transfer of [transferrable] a transferable development [rights]
             347      right from [an owner of land within] a sending zone to [an owner of land within] a receiving
             348      zone.
             349          (2) A municipality may not allow the use of a transferable development right unless the
             350      municipality adopts an ordinance described in Subsection (1).
             351          Section 3. Section 17-27a-103 is amended to read:
             352           17-27a-103. Definitions.
             353          As used in this chapter:
             354          (1) "Affected entity" means a county, municipality, local district, special service
             355      district under Title 17D, Chapter 1, Special Service District Act, school district, interlocal
             356      cooperation entity established under Title 11, Chapter 13, Interlocal Cooperation Act, specified
             357      property owner, property owners association, public utility, or the Utah Department of
             358      Transportation, if:
             359          (a) the entity's services or facilities are likely to require expansion or significant
             360      modification because of an intended use of land;
             361          (b) the entity has filed with the county a copy of the entity's general or long-range plan;
             362      or
             363          (c) the entity has filed with the county a request for notice during the same calendar
             364      year and before the county provides notice to an affected entity in compliance with a
             365      requirement imposed under this chapter.


             366          (2) "Appeal authority" means the person, board, commission, agency, or other body
             367      designated by ordinance to decide an appeal of a decision of a land use application or a
             368      variance.
             369          (3) "Billboard" means a freestanding ground sign located on industrial, commercial, or
             370      residential property if the sign is designed or intended to direct attention to a business, product,
             371      or service that is not sold, offered, or existing on the property where the sign is located.
             372          (4) (a) "Charter school" means:
             373          (i) an operating charter school;
             374          (ii) a charter school applicant that has its application approved by a chartering entity in
             375      accordance with Title 53A, Chapter 1a, Part 5, The Utah Charter Schools Act; or
             376          (iii) an entity who is working on behalf of a charter school or approved charter
             377      applicant to develop or construct a charter school building.
             378          (b) "Charter school" does not include a therapeutic school.
             379          (5) "Chief executive officer" means the person or body that exercises the executive
             380      powers of the county.
             381          (6) "Conditional use" means a land use that, because of its unique characteristics or
             382      potential impact on the county, surrounding neighbors, or adjacent land uses, may not be
             383      compatible in some areas or may be compatible only if certain conditions are required that
             384      mitigate or eliminate the detrimental impacts.
             385          (7) "Constitutional taking" means a governmental action that results in a taking of
             386      private property so that compensation to the owner of the property is required by the:
             387          (a) Fifth or Fourteenth Amendment of the Constitution of the United States; or
             388          (b) Utah Constitution Article I, Section 22.
             389          (8) "Culinary water authority" means the department, agency, or public entity with
             390      responsibility to review and approve the feasibility of the culinary water system and sources for
             391      the subject property.
             392          (9) "Development activity" means:
             393          (a) any construction or expansion of a building, structure, or use that creates additional


             394      demand and need for public facilities;
             395          (b) any change in use of a building or structure that creates additional demand and need
             396      for public facilities; or
             397          (c) any change in the use of land that creates additional demand and need for public
             398      facilities.
             399          (10) (a) "Disability" means a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits
             400      one or more of a person's major life activities, including a person having a record of such an
             401      impairment or being regarded as having such an impairment.
             402          (b) "Disability" does not include current illegal use of, or addiction to, any federally
             403      controlled substance, as defined in Section 102 of the Controlled Substances Act, 21 U.S.C.
             404      802.
             405          (11) "Educational facility":
             406          (a) means:
             407          (i) a school district's building at which pupils assemble to receive instruction in a
             408      program for any combination of grades from preschool through grade 12, including
             409      kindergarten and a program for children with disabilities;
             410          (ii) a structure or facility:
             411          (A) located on the same property as a building described in Subsection (11)(a)(i); and
             412          (B) used in support of the use of that building; and
             413          (iii) a building to provide office and related space to a school district's administrative
             414      personnel; and
             415          (b) does not include:
             416          (i) land or a structure, including land or a structure for inventory storage, equipment
             417      storage, food processing or preparing, vehicle storage or maintenance, or similar use that is:
             418          (A) not located on the same property as a building described in Subsection (11)(a)(i);
             419      and
             420          (B) used in support of the purposes of a building described in Subsection (11)(a)(i); or
             421          (ii) a therapeutic school.


             422          (12) "Elderly person" means a person who is 60 years old or older, who desires or
             423      needs to live with other elderly persons in a group setting, but who is capable of living
             424      independently.
             425          (13) "Fire authority" means the department, agency, or public entity with responsibility
             426      to review and approve the feasibility of fire protection and suppression services for the subject
             427      property.
             428          (14) "Flood plain" means land that:
             429          (a) is within the 100-year flood plain designated by the Federal Emergency
             430      Management Agency; or
             431          (b) has not been studied or designated by the Federal Emergency Management Agency
             432      but presents a likelihood of experiencing chronic flooding or a catastrophic flood event because
             433      the land has characteristics that are similar to those of a 100-year flood plain designated by the
             434      Federal Emergency Management Agency.
             435          (15) "Gas corporation" has the same meaning as defined in Section 54-2-1 .
             436          (16) "General plan" means a document that a county adopts that sets forth general
             437      guidelines for proposed future development of the unincorporated land within the county.
             438          (17) "Geologic hazard" means:
             439          (a) a surface fault rupture;
             440          (b) shallow groundwater;
             441          (c) liquefaction;
             442          (d) a landslide;
             443          (e) a debris flow;
             444          (f) unstable soil;
             445          (g) a rock fall; or
             446          (h) any other geologic condition that presents a risk:
             447          (i) to life;
             448          (ii) of substantial loss of real property; or
             449          (iii) of substantial damage to real property.


             450          (18) "Internal lot restriction" means a platted note, platted demarcation, or platted
             451      designation that:
             452          (a) runs with the land; and
             453          (b) (i) creates a restriction that is enclosed within the perimeter of a lot described on
             454      the plat; or
             455          (ii) designates a development condition that is enclosed within the perimeter of a lot
             456      described on the plat.
             457          (19) "Hookup fee" means a fee for the installation and inspection of any pipe, line,
             458      meter, or appurtenance to connect to a county water, sewer, storm water, power, or other utility
             459      system.
             460          (20) "Identical plans" means building plans submitted to a county that:
             461          (a) are clearly marked as "identical plans";
             462          (b) are substantially identical building plans that were previously submitted to and
             463      reviewed and approved by the county; and
             464          (c) describe a building that:
             465          (i) is located on land zoned the same as the land on which the building described in the
             466      previously approved plans is located;
             467          (ii) is subject to the same geological and meteorological conditions and the same law
             468      as the building described in the previously approved plans;
             469          (iii) has a floor plan identical to the building plan previously submitted to and reviewed
             470      and approved by the county; and
             471          (iv) does not require any additional engineering or analysis.
             472          (21) "Impact fee" means a payment of money imposed under Title 11, Chapter 36a,
             473      Impact Fees Act.
             474          (22) "Improvement assurance" means a surety bond, letter of credit, cash, or other
             475      security:
             476          (a) to guaranty the proper completion of an improvement;
             477          (b) that is required as a condition precedent to:


             478          (i) recording a subdivision plat; or
             479          (ii) beginning development activity; and
             480          (c) that is offered to a land use authority to induce the land use authority, before actual
             481      construction of required improvements, to:
             482          (i) consent to the recording of a subdivision plat; or
             483          (ii) issue a permit for development activity.
             484          (23) "Improvement assurance warranty" means a promise that the materials and
             485      workmanship of improvements:
             486          (a) comport with standards that the county has officially adopted; and
             487          (b) will not fail in any material respect within a warranty period.
             488          (24) "Interstate pipeline company" means a person or entity engaged in natural gas
             489      transportation subject to the jurisdiction of the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission under
             490      the Natural Gas Act, 15 U.S.C. Sec. 717 et seq.
             491          (25) "Intrastate pipeline company" means a person or entity engaged in natural gas
             492      transportation that is not subject to the jurisdiction of the Federal Energy Regulatory
             493      Commission under the Natural Gas Act, 15 U.S.C. Sec. 717 et seq.
             494          (26) "Land use application" means an application required by a county's land use
             495      ordinance.
             496          (27) "Land use authority" means a person, board, commission, agency, or other body
             497      designated by the local legislative body to act upon a land use application.
             498          (28) "Land use ordinance" means a planning, zoning, development, or subdivision
             499      ordinance of the county, but does not include the general plan.
             500          (29) "Land use permit" means a permit issued by a land use authority.
             501          (30) "Legislative body" means the county legislative body, or for a county that has
             502      adopted an alternative form of government, the body exercising legislative powers.
             503          (31) "Local district" means any entity under Title 17B, Limited Purpose Local
             504      Government Entities - Local Districts, and any other governmental or quasi-governmental
             505      entity that is not a county, municipality, school district, or the state.


             506          (32) "Lot line adjustment" means the relocation of the property boundary line in a
             507      subdivision between two adjoining lots with the consent of the owners of record.
             508          (33) "Moderate income housing" means housing occupied or reserved for occupancy
             509      by households with a gross household income equal to or less than 80% of the median gross
             510      income for households of the same size in the county in which the housing is located.
             511          (34) "Nominal fee" means a fee that reasonably reimburses a county only for time spent
             512      and expenses incurred in:
             513          (a) verifying that building plans are identical plans; and
             514          (b) reviewing and approving those minor aspects of identical plans that differ from the
             515      previously reviewed and approved building plans.
             516          (35) "Noncomplying structure" means a structure that:
             517          (a) legally existed before its current land use designation; and
             518          (b) because of one or more subsequent land use ordinance changes, does not conform
             519      to the setback, height restrictions, or other regulations, excluding those regulations that govern
             520      the use of land.
             521          (36) "Nonconforming use" means a use of land that:
             522          (a) legally existed before its current land use designation;
             523          (b) has been maintained continuously since the time the land use ordinance regulation
             524      governing the land changed; and
             525          (c) because of one or more subsequent land use ordinance changes, does not conform
             526      to the regulations that now govern the use of the land.
             527          (37) "Official map" means a map drawn by county authorities and recorded in the
             528      county recorder's office that:
             529          (a) shows actual and proposed rights-of-way, centerline alignments, and setbacks for
             530      highways and other transportation facilities;
             531          (b) provides a basis for restricting development in designated rights-of-way or between
             532      designated setbacks to allow the government authorities time to purchase or otherwise reserve
             533      the land; and


             534          (c) has been adopted as an element of the county's general plan.
             535          (38) "Person" means an individual, corporation, partnership, organization, association,
             536      trust, governmental agency, or any other legal entity.
             537          (39) "Plan for moderate income housing" means a written document adopted by a
             538      county legislative body that includes:
             539          (a) an estimate of the existing supply of moderate income housing located within the
             540      county;
             541          (b) an estimate of the need for moderate income housing in the county for the next five
             542      years as revised biennially;
             543          (c) a survey of total residential land use;
             544          (d) an evaluation of how existing land uses and zones affect opportunities for moderate
             545      income housing; and
             546          (e) a description of the county's program to encourage an adequate supply of moderate
             547      income housing.
             548          (40) "Plat" means a map or other graphical representation of lands being laid out and
             549      prepared in accordance with Section 17-27a-603 , 17-23-17 , or 57-8-13 .
             550          (41) "Potential geologic hazard area" means an area that:
             551          (a) is designated by a Utah Geological Survey map, county geologist map, or other
             552      relevant map or report as needing further study to determine the area's potential for geologic
             553      hazard; or
             554          (b) has not been studied by the Utah Geological Survey or a county geologist but
             555      presents the potential of geologic hazard because the area has characteristics similar to those of
             556      a designated geologic hazard area.
             557          (42) "Public agency" means:
             558          (a) the federal government;
             559          (b) the state;
             560          (c) a county, municipality, school district, local district, special service district, or other
             561      political subdivision of the state; or


             562          (d) a charter school.
             563          (43) "Public hearing" means a hearing at which members of the public are provided a
             564      reasonable opportunity to comment on the subject of the hearing.
             565          (44) "Public meeting" means a meeting that is required to be open to the public under
             566      Title 52, Chapter 4, Open and Public Meetings Act.
             567          (45) "Receiving zone" means an unincorporated area of a county that the [county's land
             568      use authority] county designates, by ordinance, as an area in which an owner of land may
             569      receive [transferrable] a transferable development [rights] right.
             570          (46) "Record of survey map" means a map of a survey of land prepared in accordance
             571      with Section 17-23-17 .
             572          (47) "Residential facility for elderly persons" means a single-family or multiple-family
             573      dwelling unit that meets the requirements of Section 17-27a-515 , but does not include a health
             574      care facility as defined by Section 26-21-2 .
             575          (48) "Residential facility for persons with a disability" means a residence:
             576          (a) in which more than one person with a disability resides; and
             577          (b) (i) is licensed or certified by the Department of Human Services under Title 62A,
             578      Chapter 2, Licensure of Programs and Facilities; or
             579          (ii) is licensed or certified by the Department of Health under Title 26, Chapter 21,
             580      Health Care Facility Licensing and Inspection Act.
             581          (49) "Rules of order and procedure" means a set of rules that govern and prescribe in a
             582      public meeting:
             583          (a) parliamentary order and procedure;
             584          (b) ethical behavior; and
             585          (c) civil discourse.
             586          (50) "Sanitary sewer authority" means the department, agency, or public entity with
             587      responsibility to review and approve the feasibility of sanitary sewer services or onsite
             588      wastewater systems.
             589          (51) "Sending zone" means an unincorporated area of a county that the [county's land


             590      use authority] county designates, by ordinance, as an area from which an owner of land may
             591      transfer [transferrable development rights to an owner of land in a receiving zone] a
             592      transferable development right.
             593          (52) "Specified public agency" means:
             594          (a) the state;
             595          (b) a school district; or
             596          (c) a charter school.
             597          (53) "Specified public utility" means an electrical corporation, gas corporation, or
             598      telephone corporation, as those terms are defined in Section 54-2-1 .
             599          (54) "State" includes any department, division, or agency of the state.
             600          (55) "Street" means a public right-of-way, including a highway, avenue, boulevard,
             601      parkway, road, lane, walk, alley, viaduct, subway, tunnel, bridge, public easement, or other
             602      way.
             603          (56) (a) "Subdivision" means any land that is divided, resubdivided or proposed to be
             604      divided into two or more lots, parcels, sites, units, plots, or other division of land for the
             605      purpose, whether immediate or future, for offer, sale, lease, or development either on the
             606      installment plan or upon any and all other plans, terms, and conditions.
             607          (b) "Subdivision" includes:
             608          (i) the division or development of land whether by deed, metes and bounds description,
             609      devise and testacy, map, plat, or other recorded instrument; and
             610          (ii) except as provided in Subsection (56)(c), divisions of land for residential and
             611      nonresidential uses, including land used or to be used for commercial, agricultural, and
             612      industrial purposes.
             613          (c) "Subdivision" does not include:
             614          (i) a bona fide division or partition of agricultural land for agricultural purposes;
             615          (ii) a recorded agreement between owners of adjoining properties adjusting their
             616      mutual boundary if:
             617          (A) no new lot is created; and


             618          (B) the adjustment does not violate applicable land use ordinances;
             619          (iii) a recorded document, executed by the owner of record:
             620          (A) revising the legal description of more than one contiguous unsubdivided parcel of
             621      property into one legal description encompassing all such parcels of property; or
             622          (B) joining a subdivided parcel of property to another parcel of property that has not
             623      been subdivided, if the joinder does not violate applicable land use ordinances;
             624          (iv) a bona fide division or partition of land in a county other than a first class county
             625      for the purpose of siting, on one or more of the resulting separate parcels:
             626          (A) an electrical transmission line or a substation;
             627          (B) a natural gas pipeline or a regulation station; or
             628          (C) an unmanned telecommunications, microwave, fiber optic, electrical, or other
             629      utility service regeneration, transformation, retransmission, or amplification facility;
             630          (v) a recorded agreement between owners of adjoining subdivided properties adjusting
             631      their mutual boundary if:
             632          (A) no new dwelling lot or housing unit will result from the adjustment; and
             633          (B) the adjustment will not violate any applicable land use ordinance; or
             634          (vi) a bona fide division or partition of land by deed or other instrument where the land
             635      use authority expressly approves in writing the division in anticipation of further land use
             636      approvals on the parcel or parcels.
             637          (d) The joining of a subdivided parcel of property to another parcel of property that has
             638      not been subdivided does not constitute a subdivision under this Subsection (56) as to the
             639      unsubdivided parcel of property or subject the unsubdivided parcel to the county's subdivision
             640      ordinance.
             641          (57) "Therapeutic school" means a residential group living facility:
             642          (a) for four or more individuals who are not related to:
             643          (i) the owner of the facility; or
             644          (ii) the primary service provider of the facility;
             645          (b) that serves students who have a history of failing to function:


             646          (i) at home;
             647          (ii) in a public school; or
             648          (iii) in a nonresidential private school; and
             649          (c) that offers:
             650          (i) room and board; and
             651          (ii) an academic education integrated with:
             652          (A) specialized structure and supervision; or
             653          (B) services or treatment related to a disability, an emotional development, a
             654      behavioral development, a familial development, or a social development.
             655          (58) "Township" means a contiguous, geographically defined portion of the
             656      unincorporated area of a county, established under this part or reconstituted or reinstated under
             657      Section 17-27a-306 , with planning and zoning functions as exercised through the township
             658      planning commission, as provided in this chapter, but with no legal or political identity
             659      separate from the county and no taxing authority, except that "township" means a former
             660      township under Laws of Utah 1996, Chapter 308, where the context so indicates.
             661          (59) ["Transferrable] "Transferable development right" means [the entitlement to
             662      develop land within a sending zone that would vest according to the county's existing land use
             663      ordinances on the date that a completed land use application is filed seeking the approval of
             664      development activity on the land] a right to develop and use land that originates by an
             665      ordinance that authorizes a land owner in a designated sending zone to transfer land use rights
             666      from a designated sending zone to a designated receiving zone.
             667          (60) "Unincorporated" means the area outside of the incorporated area of a
             668      municipality.
             669          (61) "Water interest" means any right to the beneficial use of water, including:
             670          (a) each of the rights listed in Section 73-1-11 ; and
             671          (b) an ownership interest in the right to the beneficial use of water represented by:
             672          (i) a contract; or
             673          (ii) a share in a water company, as defined in Section 73-3-3.5 .


             674          (62) "Zoning map" means a map, adopted as part of a land use ordinance, that depicts
             675      land use zones, overlays, or districts.
             676          Section 4. Section 17-27a-509.7 is amended to read:
             677           17-27a-509.7. Transferable development rights.
             678          (1) A county may adopt an ordinance:
             679          [(1)] (a) designating sending zones and receiving zones within the unincorporated area
             680      of the county; and
             681          [(2)] (b) allowing the transfer of [transferrable] a transferable development [rights]
             682      right from [an owner of land within] a sending zone to [an owner of land within] a receiving
             683      zone.
             684          (2) A county may not allow the use of a transferable development right unless the
             685      county adopts an ordinance described in Subsection (1).


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