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First Substitute S.B. 195
7 LONG TITLE
8 General Description:
9 This bill modifies the Traffic Code and the Utah Criminal Code to address safety
10 related to railroads.
11 Highlighted Provisions:
12 This bill:
13 . provides definitions;
14 . restricts when a vehicle may turn around related to railroad tracks or railroad grade
16 . limits pedestrians related to railroad crossings or bridges;
17 . restricts vehicles driving through, around, or under a crossing gate or barrier;
18 . clarifies transportation systems for purposes of the criminal mischief provision; and
19 . makes technical changes.
20 Money Appropriated in this Bill:
22 Other Special Clauses:
24 Utah Code Sections Affected:
26 41-6a-802, as renumbered and amended by Laws of Utah 2005, Chapter 2
27 41-6a-1005, as renumbered and amended by Laws of Utah 2005, Chapter 2
28 41-6a-1203, as renumbered and amended by Laws of Utah 2005, Chapter 2
29 76-6-106, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2010, Chapter 193
31 Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
32 Section 1. Section 41-6a-802 is amended to read:
33 41-6a-802. Turning around -- Where prohibited -- Visibility.
34 (1) As used in this section, "railroad grade crossing" means the area between the
35 passive or active warning signs where a railroad track and roadway intersect.
36 (2) The operator of a vehicle may not make a U-turn or turn the vehicle to proceed in
37 the opposite direction:
39 traffic; [
41 vehicle is not visible at a distance of 500 feet by the operator of any other vehicle approaching
42 from either direction[
43 (c) on a railroad track or railroad grade crossing.
44 Section 2. Section 41-6a-1005 is amended to read:
45 41-6a-1005. Limitation on pedestrians related to railroad grade crossings or
47 (1) As used in this section, "active railroad grade crossing" means a railroad grade
48 crossing when:
49 (a) the gate or barrier is closed or is being opened or closed;
50 (b) warning lights are flashing;
51 (c) audible warning devices are being sounded; or
52 (d) other traffic control devices signal the approach of a railroad train.
53 (2) A pedestrian may not pass through, around, over, or under[
54 crossing gate or barrier at [
56 (3) A pedestrian may not enter or remain within the area between a railroad track and a
57 railroad sign or signal if the railroad grade crossing is active.
58 (4) A pedestrian may not occupy or remain on a railroad grade crossing when the
59 railroad sign or signal is not active except to cross the railroad crossing on a designated
61 (5) A pedestrian may not remain in an area between railroad signs or signals, railroad
62 gates, or rail crossing arms if the railroad grade crossing is active.
63 Section 3. Section 41-6a-1203 is amended to read:
64 41-6a-1203. Railroad grade crossing -- Duty to stop -- Malfunctions and school
65 buses -- Driving through, around, or under gate or barrier prohibited.
66 (1) As used in this section, "active railroad grade crossing" has the same meaning as
67 defined in Section 41-6a-1005 .
69 the operator of the vehicle shall stop within 50 feet but not less than 15 feet from the nearest
70 rail of the railroad track and may not proceed if:
71 (a) a clearly visible electric or mechanical signal device gives warning of the
72 immediate approach of a train;
73 (b) a crossing gate is lowered, or when a human flagman gives or continues to give a
74 signal of the approach or passage of a train;
75 (c) a railroad train approaching within approximately 1,500 feet of the highway
76 crossing emits a signal audible and the train by reason of its speed or nearness to the crossing is
77 an immediate hazard;
78 (d) an approaching train is plainly visible and is in hazardous proximity to the crossing;
80 (e) there is any other condition that makes it unsafe to proceed through the crossing.
82 railroad grade crossing signal device may drive a vehicle, including a school bus, through the
83 railroad grade crossing after stopping if:
84 (i) the operator of a vehicle has a clear line of sight of at least one mile of the railroad
85 tracks in all directions;
86 (ii) there is no evidence of an approaching train;
87 (iii) the vehicle can cross over the tracks safely; and
88 (iv) the operator of a vehicle does not violate Subsection [
89 (b) As soon as is reasonably possible, the operator of a school bus shall notify the
90 driver's dispatcher and the dispatcher shall notify the owner of the railroad track where the
91 grade crossing signal device is located of the false activation or malfunction.
93 or barrier at a railroad grade crossing [
95 (b) A person may not cause a non-rail vehicle, whether or not occupied, to pass
96 through, around, over, or under or remain on a gate or barrier at a railroad grade crossing if the
97 railroad grade crossing is active.
98 (c) A person may not cause a non-rail vehicle, whether or not occupied, to pass around,
99 through, over, or under or remain in a rail or fixed guideway right-of-way in a manner that
100 would cause a railroad train or other rail vehicle to make contact with the non-rail vehicle.
101 Section 4. Section 76-6-106 is amended to read:
102 76-6-106. Criminal mischief.
103 (1) As used in this section, "critical infrastructure" includes:
104 (a) information and communication systems;
105 (b) financial and banking systems;
106 (c) any railroads, airlines, airports, airways, highways, bridges, waterways, fixed
107 guideways, or other transportation systems intended for the transportation of persons or
109 (d) any public utility service, including the power, energy, and water supply systems;
110 (e) sewage and water treatment systems;
111 (f) health care facilities as listed in Section 26-21-2 , and emergency fire, medical, and
112 law enforcement response systems;
113 (g) public health facilities and systems;
114 (h) food distribution systems; and
115 (i) other government operations and services.
116 (2) A person commits criminal mischief if the person:
117 (a) under circumstances not amounting to arson, damages or destroys property with the
118 intention of defrauding an insurer;
119 (b) intentionally and unlawfully tampers with the property of another and as a result:
120 (i) recklessly endangers:
121 (A) human life; or
122 (B) human health or safety; or
123 (ii) recklessly causes or threatens a substantial interruption or impairment of any
124 critical infrastructure;
125 (c) intentionally damages, defaces, or destroys the property of another; or
126 (d) recklessly or willfully shoots or propels a missile or other object at or against a
127 motor vehicle, bus, airplane, boat, locomotive, train, railway car, or caboose, whether moving
128 or standing.
129 (3) (a) (i) A violation of Subsection (2)(a) is a third degree felony.
130 (ii) A violation of Subsection (2)(b)(i)(A) is a class A misdemeanor.
131 (iii) A violation of Subsection (2)(b)(i)(B) is a class B misdemeanor.
132 (iv) A violation of Subsection (2)(b)(ii) is a second degree felony.
133 (b) Any other violation of this section is a:
134 (i) second degree felony if the actor's conduct causes or is intended to cause pecuniary
135 loss equal to or in excess of $5,000 in value;
136 (ii) third degree felony if the actor's conduct causes or is intended to cause pecuniary
137 loss equal to or in excess of $1,500 but is less than $5,000 in value;
138 (iii) class A misdemeanor if the actor's conduct causes or is intended to cause
139 pecuniary loss equal to or in excess of $500 but is less than $1,500 in value; and
140 (iv) class B misdemeanor if the actor's conduct causes or is intended to cause pecuniary
141 loss less than $500 in value.
142 (4) In determining the value of damages under this section, or for computer crimes
143 under Section 76-6-703 , the value of any item, computer, computer network, computer
144 property, computer services, software, or data includes the measurable value of the loss of use
145 of the items and the measurable cost to replace or restore the items.
146 (5) In addition to any other penalty authorized by law, a court shall order any person
147 convicted of any violation of this section to reimburse any federal, state, or local unit of
148 government, or any private business, organization, individual, or entity for all expenses
149 incurred in responding to a violation of Subsection (2)(b)(ii), unless the court states on the
150 record the reasons why the reimbursement would be inappropriate.
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