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[Status][Bill Documents][Fiscal Note][Bills Directory]

S.B. 136

             1     

BILLBOARD AMENDMENTS

             2     
2012 GENERAL SESSION

             3     
STATE OF UTAH

             4     
Chief Sponsor: Wayne L. Niederhauser

             5     
House Sponsor: ____________

             6     
             7      LONG TITLE
             8      General Description:
             9          This bill amends provisions related to a billboard and electronic or mechanical
             10      changeable message sign.
             11      Highlighted Provisions:
             12          This bill:
             13          .    prohibits a municipality or county from enacting or enforcing certain billboard
             14      ordinances;
             15          .    requires a municipality or county to follow the requirements of Title 78B, Chapter
             16      6, Part 5, Eminent Domain, when terminating a billboard owner's billboard or
             17      associated rights;
             18          .    prohibits a municipality or county from preventing a billboard owner from taking
             19      certain actions unless the municipality or county commences eminent domain
             20      proceedings;
             21          .    requires a municipality or county to pay fees and costs in an eminent domain
             22      proceeding in certain circumstances;
             23          .    prohibits a municipality or county from making certain requirements of a billboard
             24      owner or a person who has a lease with a billboard owner;
             25          .    defines terms;
             26          .    amends provisions related to an electronic or mechanical changeable message sign;
             27          .    enacts language related to the obstruction of an outdoor advertising sign;


             28          .    prohibits a political subdivision from exercising the right of eminent domain to
             29      terminate a billboard owner's billboard structure or associated rights in certain
             30      circumstances; and
             31          .    makes technical corrections.
             32      Money Appropriated in this Bill:
             33          None
             34      Other Special Clauses:
             35          None
             36      Utah Code Sections Affected:
             37      AMENDS:
             38          10-9a-511, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2011, Chapter 210
             39          10-9a-512, as renumbered and amended by Laws of Utah 2005, Chapter 254
             40          10-9a-513, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2009, Chapters 170 and 233
             41          17-27a-510, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2009, Chapter 170
             42          17-27a-511, as renumbered and amended by Laws of Utah 2005, Chapter 254
             43          17-27a-512, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2009, Chapters 170 and 233
             44          72-7-502, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2011, Chapter 346
             45          72-7-505, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2011, Chapter 346
             46          72-7-508, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2011, Chapter 346
             47          72-7-510, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 3
             48          72-7-510.5, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2009, Chapter 170
             49          78B-6-501, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2011, Chapter 82
             50     
             51      Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
             52          Section 1. Section 10-9a-511 is amended to read:
             53           10-9a-511. Nonconforming uses and noncomplying structures.
             54          (1) (a) Except as provided in this section, a nonconforming use or noncomplying
             55      structure may be continued by the present or a future property owner.
             56          (b) A nonconforming use may be extended through the same building, provided no
             57      structural alteration of the building is proposed or made for the purpose of the extension.
             58          (c) For purposes of this Subsection (1), the addition of a solar energy device to a


             59      building is not a structural alteration.
             60          (2) The legislative body may provide for:
             61          (a) the establishment, restoration, reconstruction, extension, alteration, expansion, or
             62      substitution of nonconforming uses upon the terms and conditions set forth in the land use
             63      ordinance;
             64          (b) the termination of all nonconforming uses, except billboards, by providing a
             65      formula establishing a reasonable time period during which the owner can recover or amortize
             66      the amount of his investment in the nonconforming use, if any; and
             67          (c) the termination of a nonconforming use due to its abandonment.
             68          (3) (a) A municipality may not prohibit the reconstruction or restoration of a
             69      noncomplying structure or terminate the nonconforming use of a structure that is involuntarily
             70      destroyed in whole or in part due to fire or other calamity unless the structure or use has been
             71      abandoned.
             72          (b) A municipality may prohibit the reconstruction or restoration of a noncomplying
             73      structure or terminate the nonconforming use of a structure if:
             74          (i) the structure is allowed to deteriorate to a condition that the structure is rendered
             75      uninhabitable and is not repaired or restored within six months after written notice to the
             76      property owner that the structure is uninhabitable and that the noncomplying structure or
             77      nonconforming use will be lost if the structure is not repaired or restored within six months; or
             78          (ii) the property owner has voluntarily demolished a majority of the noncomplying
             79      structure or the building that houses the nonconforming use.
             80          (c) (i) Notwithstanding a prohibition in its zoning ordinance, a municipality may
             81      permit a billboard owner to relocate the billboard within the municipality's boundaries to a
             82      location that is mutually acceptable to the municipality and the billboard owner.
             83          (ii) If the municipality and billboard owner cannot agree to a mutually acceptable
             84      location within 90 days after the owner submits a written request to relocate the billboard, the
             85      [provisions of] municipality may not prevent the billboard owner from taking an action
             86      specified in Subsection 10-9a-513 (2)(a)(iv) [apply] unless the municipality has commenced
             87      eminent domain proceedings in accordance with the provisions of Section 10-9a-512 within 90
             88      days after the day that the billboard owner submits a written request to relocate the billboard.
             89          (d) (i) Except as provided in Subsection (3)(e), a municipality may not enact or enforce


             90      an ordinance that prevents an owner of an existing nonconforming or conforming billboard
             91      from upgrading that billboard to an electronic or mechanical changeable message sign that
             92      operates in conformance with Title 72, Chapter 7, Part 5, Utah Outdoor Advertising Act.
             93          (ii) A municipality may not enact or enforce an ordinance that forces an owner of an
             94      existing nonconforming or conforming billboard to forfeit any other billboard owned by the
             95      same owner in order to upgrade the existing nonconforming or conforming billboard to an
             96      electronic or mechanical changeable message sign that operates in conformance with Title 72,
             97      Chapter 7, Part 5, Utah Outdoor Advertising Act.
             98          (e) A municipality may, subject to Subsection (3)(f), impose a midnight to 6 a.m.
             99      curfew on the operation of an electronic or mechanical changeable message sign.
             100          (f) A municipality may not impose the curfew described in Subsection (3)(e) unless:
             101          (i) the electronic or mechanical changeable message sign is located outside of an area
             102      governed by the Highway Beautification Act of 1965, Pub. L. No. 89-285, 79 Stat. 1028, or the
             103      Utah-Federal Agreement, as defined in Section 72-7-515 ; and
             104          (ii) the face of the electronic or mechanical changeable message sign:
             105          (A) is within 150 feet of the outer edge of an existing residential dwelling structure that
             106      is legally occupied and located on property zoned exclusively for residential purposes; and
             107          (B) is oriented toward the structure described in Subsection (3)(f)(ii)(A).
             108          (g) A municipality shall pay a billboard owner's attorney fees incurred in enforcing the
             109      billboard owner's right to upgrade a billboard to an electronic or mechanical changeable
             110      message sign.
             111          (4) (a) Unless the municipality establishes, by ordinance, a uniform presumption of
             112      legal existence for nonconforming uses, the property owner shall have the burden of
             113      establishing the legal existence of a noncomplying structure or nonconforming use.
             114          (b) Any party claiming that a nonconforming use has been abandoned shall have the
             115      burden of establishing the abandonment.
             116          (c) Abandonment may be presumed to have occurred if:
             117          (i) a majority of the primary structure associated with the nonconforming use has been
             118      voluntarily demolished without prior written agreement with the municipality regarding an
             119      extension of the nonconforming use;
             120          (ii) the use has been discontinued for a minimum of one year; or


             121          (iii) the primary structure associated with the nonconforming use remains vacant for a
             122      period of one year.
             123          (d) The property owner may rebut the presumption of abandonment under Subsection
             124      (4)(c), and shall have the burden of establishing that any claimed abandonment under
             125      Subsection (4)(b) has not in fact occurred.
             126          (5) A municipality may terminate the nonconforming status of a school district or
             127      charter school use or structure when the property associated with the school district or charter
             128      school use or structure ceases to be used for school district or charter school purposes for a
             129      period established by ordinance.
             130          (6) A municipal ordinance adopted under Section 10-1-203 may not:
             131          (a) require physical changes in a structure with a legal nonconforming rental housing
             132      use unless the change is for:
             133          (i) the reasonable installation of:
             134          (A) a smoke detector that is plugged in or battery operated;
             135          (B) a ground fault circuit interrupter protected outlet on existing wiring;
             136          (C) street addressing;
             137          (D) except as provided in Subsection (7), an egress bedroom window if the existing
             138      bedroom window is smaller than that required by current state building code;
             139          (E) an electrical system or a plumbing system, if the existing system is not functioning
             140      or is unsafe as determined by an independent electrical or plumbing professional who is
             141      licensed in accordance with Title 58, Occupations and Professions;
             142          (F) hand or guard rails; or
             143          (G) occupancy separation doors as required by the International Residential Code; or
             144          (ii) the abatement of a structure; or
             145          (b) be enforced to terminate a legal nonconforming rental housing use.
             146          (7) A municipality may not require a change described in Subsection (6)(a)(i)(D) if the
             147      change:
             148          (a) would compromise the structural integrity of a building; or
             149          (b) could not be completed in accordance with current building codes, including
             150      set-back and window well requirements.
             151          (8) A legal nonconforming rental housing use may not be terminated under Section


             152      10-1-203 .
             153          Section 2. Section 10-9a-512 is amended to read:
             154           10-9a-512. Termination of a billboard and associated rights -- Eminent domain.
             155          (1) A municipality may only require termination of a billboard and associated property
             156      rights through:
             157          (a) gift;
             158          (b) purchase;
             159          (c) agreement;
             160          (d) exchange; or
             161          (e) subject to Subsection (3), eminent domain.
             162          (2) A termination under Subsection (1)(a), (b), (c), or (d) requires the voluntary consent
             163      of the billboard owner.
             164          (3) If a municipality terminates a billboard owner's billboard or associated rights
             165      through eminent domain, the municipality shall exercise the right of eminent domain in
             166      accordance with and subject to the requirements of Title 78B, Chapter 6, Part 5, Eminent
             167      Domain.
             168          Section 3. Section 10-9a-513 is amended to read:
             169           10-9a-513. Municipality's acquisition of billboard by eminent domain -- Removal
             170      without providing compensation -- Limit on allowing nonconforming billboards to be
             171      rebuilt or replaced -- Validity of municipal permit after issuance of state permit -- Just
             172      compensation in eminent domain proceeding -- Municipal conditions on billboard
             173      prohibited.
             174          (1) As used in this section:
             175          (a) "Clearly visible" means capable of being [read] viewed without obstruction by an
             176      occupant of a vehicle traveling on a street or highway within the visibility area.
             177          (b) "Highest allowable height" means:
             178          (i) if the height allowed by the municipality, by ordinance or consent, is higher than the
             179      height under Subsection (1)(b)(ii), the height allowed by the municipality; or
             180          (ii) (A) for a noninterstate billboard:
             181          (I) if the height of the previous use or structure is 45 feet or higher, the height of the
             182      previous use or structure; or


             183          (II) if the height of the previous use or structure is less than 45 feet, the height of the
             184      previous use or structure or the height to make the entire advertising content of the billboard
             185      clearly visible, whichever is higher, but no higher than 45 feet; and
             186          (B) for an interstate billboard:
             187          (I) if the height of the previous use or structure is at or above the interstate height, the
             188      height of the previous use or structure; or
             189          (II) if the height of the previous use or structure is less than the interstate height, the
             190      height of the previous use or structure or the height to make the entire advertising content of
             191      the billboard clearly visible, whichever is higher, but no higher than the interstate height.
             192          (c) "Interstate billboard" means a billboard that is intended to be viewed from a
             193      highway that is an interstate.
             194          (d) "Interstate height" means a height that is the higher of:
             195          (i) 65 feet above the ground; and
             196          (ii) 25 feet above the grade of the interstate.
             197          (e) "Noninterstate billboard" means a billboard that is intended to be viewed from a
             198      street or highway that is not an interstate.
             199          (f) "Visibility area" means the area on a street or highway that is:
             200          (i) defined at one end by a line extending from the base of the billboard across all lanes
             201      of traffic of the street or highway in a plane that is perpendicular to the street or highway; and
             202          (ii) defined on the other end by a line extending across all lanes of traffic of the street
             203      or highway in a plane that is:
             204          (A) perpendicular to the street or highway; and
             205          (B) (I) for an interstate billboard, 500 feet from the base of the billboard; or
             206          (II) for a noninterstate billboard, 300 feet from the base of the billboard.
             207          (2) (a) A municipality [is considered to have initiated the acquisition of a billboard
             208      structure by eminent domain if the municipality prevents a billboard owner from] may not
             209      prevent a billboard owner from taking one or any of the following actions unless the
             210      municipality has first commenced, subject to Subsection (2)(b)(i), eminent domain proceedings
             211      as described in Section 10-9a-512 :
             212          (i) rebuilding, maintaining, repairing, or restoring a billboard structure that is damaged
             213      by casualty, an act of God, or vandalism;


             214          (ii) except as provided in Subsection (2)[(c)](d), relocating or rebuilding a billboard
             215      structure, or taking other measures, to correct a mistake in the placement or erection of a
             216      billboard for which the municipality has issued a permit, if the proposed relocation, rebuilding,
             217      or other measure is consistent with the intent of that permit;
             218          (iii) structurally modifying or upgrading a billboard;
             219          (iv) relocating a billboard into any commercial, industrial, or manufacturing zone
             220      within the municipality's boundaries, if:
             221          (A) the relocated billboard is:
             222          (I) within 5,280 feet of its previous location; and
             223          (II) no closer than:
             224          (Aa) 300 feet from an off-premise sign existing on the same side of the street or
             225      highway; or
             226          (Bb) if the street or highway is an interstate or limited access highway that is subject to
             227      Title 72, Chapter 7, Part 5, Utah Outdoor Advertising Act, the distance allowed under that act
             228      between the relocated billboard and an off-premise sign existing on the same side of the
             229      interstate or limited access highway; and
             230          (B) (I) the billboard owner has submitted a written request under Subsection
             231      10-9a-511 (3)(c); and
             232          (II) the municipality and billboard owner are unable to agree, within the time provided
             233      in Subsection 10-9a-511 (3)(c), to a mutually acceptable location; [or]
             234          (v) making the following modifications, as the billboard owner determines, to a
             235      billboard that is structurally modified or upgraded under Subsection (2)(a)(iii) or relocated
             236      under Subsection (2)(a)(iv):
             237          (A) erecting the billboard:
             238          (I) to the highest allowable height; and
             239          (II) as the owner determines, to an angle that makes the entire advertising content of
             240      the billboard clearly visible; and
             241          (B) installing a sign face on the billboard that is at least the same size as, but no larger
             242      than, the sign face on the billboard before its relocation[.]; or
             243          (vi) exercising a right granted to a billboard owner under the provisions of Title 72,
             244      Chapter 7, Part 5, Utah Outdoor Advertising Act.


             245          (b) (i) Notwithstanding Subsection (2)(a), a municipality may not commence eminent
             246      domain proceedings to prevent a billboard owner from upgrading a billboard to an electronic or
             247      mechanical changeable message sign.
             248          [(b)] (ii) A modification under Subsection (2)(a)(v) shall comply with Title 72, Chapter
             249      7, Part 5, Utah Outdoor Advertising Act, to the extent applicable.
             250          (c) A municipality shall pay a billboard owner's attorney fees incurred in obtaining a
             251      permit or other approval necessary for the billboard owner to take an action described in
             252      Subsection (2)(a) if the municipality:
             253          (i) prevents the billboard owner from taking one or any of the actions described in
             254      Subsection (2)(a) by delaying or withholding a permit or other necessary approval; and
             255          (ii) does not commence eminent domain proceedings within 90 days after the day the
             256      billboard owner submits a written request or application.
             257          [(c)] (d) A [municipality's denial of] municipality may deny a billboard owner's request
             258      to relocate or rebuild a billboard structure, or to take other measures, in order to correct a
             259      mistake in the placement or erection of a billboard [does not constitute the initiation of
             260      acquisition by] without commencing eminent domain proceedings under Subsection (2)(a) if
             261      the mistake in placement or erection of the billboard is determined by clear and convincing
             262      evidence to have resulted from an intentionally false or misleading statement:
             263          (i) by the billboard applicant in the application; and
             264          (ii) regarding the placement or erection of the billboard.
             265          [(d)] (e) If a municipality [is considered to have initiated the acquisition of] acquires a
             266      billboard structure by eminent domain under Subsection (2)(a) or any other provision of
             267      applicable law, the municipality shall pay just compensation to the billboard owner in an
             268      amount that is:
             269          (i) the value of the existing billboard at a fair market capitalization rate, based on
             270      actual annual revenue, less any annual rent expense;
             271          (ii) the value of any other right associated with the billboard structure that is acquired;
             272          (iii) the cost of the sign structure; and
             273          (iv) damage to the economic unit described in Subsection 72-7-510 (3)(b), of which the
             274      billboard owner's interest is a part.
             275          (3) Notwithstanding Subsection (2) and Section 10-9a-512 , a municipality may


             276      [remove] require that a billboard owner remove a billboard without providing compensation if:
             277          (a) the municipality determines:
             278          (i) by clear and convincing evidence that the applicant for a permit intentionally made a
             279      false or misleading statement in the applicant's application regarding the placement or erection
             280      of the billboard; or
             281          (ii) by substantial evidence that the billboard:
             282          (A) is structurally unsafe;
             283          (B) is in an unreasonable state of repair; or
             284          (C) has been abandoned for at least 12 months;
             285          (b) the municipality notifies the owner in writing that the owner's billboard meets one
             286      or more of the conditions listed in Subsections (3)(a)(i) and (ii);
             287          (c) the owner fails to remedy the condition or conditions within:
             288          (i) except as provided in Subsection (3)(c)(ii), 90 days following the billboard owner's
             289      receipt of written notice under Subsection (3)(b); or
             290          (ii) if the condition forming the basis of the municipality's intention to remove the
             291      billboard is that it is structurally unsafe, 10 business days, or a longer period if necessary
             292      because of a natural disaster, following the billboard owner's receipt of written notice under
             293      Subsection (3)(b); and
             294          (d) following the expiration of the applicable period under Subsection (3)(c) and after
             295      providing the owner with reasonable notice of proceedings and an opportunity for a hearing,
             296      the municipality finds:
             297          (i) by clear and convincing evidence, that the applicant for a permit intentionally made
             298      a false or misleading statement in the application regarding the placement or erection of the
             299      billboard; or
             300          (ii) by substantial evidence that the billboard is structurally unsafe, is in an
             301      unreasonable state of repair, or has been abandoned for at least 12 months.
             302          (4) A municipality may not allow a nonconforming billboard to be rebuilt or replaced
             303      by anyone other than its owner or the owner acting through its contractors.
             304          (5) A permit issued, extended, or renewed by a municipality for a billboard remains
             305      valid from the time the municipality issues, extends, or renews the permit until 180 days after a
             306      required state permit is issued for the billboard if:


             307          (a) the billboard requires a state permit; and
             308          (b) an application for the state permit is filed within 30 days after the municipality
             309      issues, extends, or renews a permit for the billboard.
             310          (6) In an eminent domain proceeding initiated by a municipal action to terminate a
             311      billboard, the municipality shall pay the billboard owner's court costs, attorney fees incurred in
             312      defending against the termination and in setting the value of the billboard, appraiser fees, and
             313      expert fees if:
             314          (a) the amount recovered by the billboard owner exceeds the sum of any offer made by
             315      the municipality during negotiations described in Section 78B-6-505 ;
             316          (b) if the court determines that the municipality initiated eminent domain proceedings
             317      for a purpose not authorized by law; or
             318          (c) the court determines that the municipality did not initiate eminent domain
             319      proceedings within the time frame specified in Subsection 10-9a-513 (2)(c)(ii).
             320          (7) A municipality may not require a billboard owner to remove or alter a billboard, or
             321      require that a person who has a lease, easement, or other agreement with a billboard owner to
             322      terminate or fail to renew that lease, easement, or other agreement as a condition of issuing or
             323      approving:
             324          (a) a permit;
             325          (b) a license;
             326          (c) a zone change;
             327          (d) a variance;
             328          (e) any land use entitlement; or
             329          (f) any other land use approval or ordinance.
             330          Section 4. Section 17-27a-510 is amended to read:
             331           17-27a-510. Nonconforming uses and noncomplying structures.
             332          (1) (a) Except as provided in this section, a nonconforming use or a noncomplying
             333      structure may be continued by the present or a future property owner.
             334          (b) A nonconforming use may be extended through the same building, provided no
             335      structural alteration of the building is proposed or made for the purpose of the extension.
             336          (c) For purposes of this Subsection (1), the addition of a solar energy device to a
             337      building is not a structural alteration.


             338          (2) The legislative body may provide for:
             339          (a) the establishment, restoration, reconstruction, extension, alteration, expansion, or
             340      substitution of nonconforming uses upon the terms and conditions set forth in the land use
             341      ordinance;
             342          (b) the termination of all nonconforming uses, except billboards, by providing a
             343      formula establishing a reasonable time period during which the owner can recover or amortize
             344      the amount of his investment in the nonconforming use, if any; and
             345          (c) the termination of a nonconforming use due to its abandonment.
             346          (3) (a) A county may not prohibit the reconstruction or restoration of a noncomplying
             347      structure or terminate the nonconforming use of a structure that is involuntarily destroyed in
             348      whole or in part due to fire or other calamity unless the structure or use has been abandoned.
             349          (b) A county may prohibit the reconstruction or restoration of a noncomplying structure
             350      or terminate the nonconforming use of a structure if:
             351          (i) the structure is allowed to deteriorate to a condition that the structure is rendered
             352      uninhabitable and is not repaired or restored within six months after written notice to the
             353      property owner that the structure is uninhabitable and that the noncomplying structure or
             354      nonconforming use will be lost if the structure is not repaired or restored within six months; or
             355          (ii) the property owner has voluntarily demolished a majority of the noncomplying
             356      structure or the building that houses the nonconforming use.
             357          (c) (i) Notwithstanding a prohibition in its zoning ordinance, a county may permit a
             358      billboard owner to relocate the billboard within the county's unincorporated area to a location
             359      that is mutually acceptable to the county and the billboard owner.
             360          (ii) If the county and billboard owner cannot agree to a mutually acceptable location
             361      within 90 days after the owner submits a written request to relocate the billboard, the
             362      [provisions of] county may not prevent the billboard owner from taking an action specified in
             363      Subsection 17-27a-512 (2)(a)(iv) [apply] unless the county has commenced eminent domain
             364      proceedings in accordance with the provisions of Section 17-27a-511 within 90 days after the
             365      day that the billboard owner submits a written request to relocate the billboard.
             366          (d) (i) Except as provided in Subsection (3)(e), a county may not enact or enforce an
             367      ordinance that prevents an owner of an existing nonconforming or conforming billboard from
             368      upgrading that billboard to an electronic or mechanical changeable message sign that operates


             369      in conformance with Title 72, Chapter 7, Part 5, Utah Outdoor Advertising Act.
             370          (ii) A county may not enact or enforce an ordinance that forces an owner of an existing
             371      nonconforming or conforming billboard to forfeit any other billboard owned by the same owner
             372      in order to upgrade the existing nonconforming or conforming billboard to an electronic or
             373      mechanical changeable message sign that operates in conformance with Title 72, Chapter 7,
             374      Part 5, Utah Outdoor Advertising Act.
             375          (e) A county may, subject to Subsection (3)(f), impose a midnight to 6 a.m. curfew on
             376      the operation of an electronic or mechanical changeable message sign.
             377          (f) A county may not impose the curfew described in Subsection (3)(e) unless:
             378          (i) the electronic or mechanical changeable message sign is located outside of an area
             379      governed by the Highway Beautification Act of 1965, Pub. L. No. 89-285, 79 Stat. 1028, or the
             380      Utah-Federal Agreement, as defined in Section 72-7-515 ; and
             381          (ii) the face of the electronic or mechanical changeable message sign:
             382          (A) is within 150 feet of the outer edge of an existing residential dwelling structure that
             383      is legally occupied and located on property zoned exclusively for residential purposes; and
             384          (B) is oriented toward the structure described in Subsection (3)(f)(ii)(A).
             385          (g) A county shall pay a billboard owner's attorney fees incurred in enforcing the
             386      billboard owner's right to upgrade a billboard to an electronic or mechanical changeable
             387      message sign.
             388          (4) (a) Unless the county establishes, by ordinance, a uniform presumption of legal
             389      existence for nonconforming uses, the property owner shall have the burden of establishing the
             390      legal existence of a noncomplying structure or nonconforming use.
             391          (b) Any party claiming that a nonconforming use has been abandoned shall have the
             392      burden of establishing the abandonment.
             393          (c) Abandonment may be presumed to have occurred if:
             394          (i) a majority of the primary structure associated with the nonconforming use has been
             395      voluntarily demolished without prior written agreement with the county regarding an extension
             396      of the nonconforming use;
             397          (ii) the use has been discontinued for a minimum of one year; or
             398          (iii) the primary structure associated with the nonconforming use remains vacant for a
             399      period of one year.


             400          (d) The property owner may rebut the presumption of abandonment under Subsection
             401      (4)(c), and shall have the burden of establishing that any claimed abandonment under
             402      Subsection (4)(c) has not in fact occurred.
             403          (5) A county may terminate the nonconforming status of a school district or charter
             404      school use or structure when the property associated with the school district or charter school
             405      use or structure ceases to be used for school district or charter school purposes for a period
             406      established by ordinance.
             407          Section 5. Section 17-27a-511 is amended to read:
             408           17-27a-511. Termination of a billboard and associated rights -- Eminent domain.
             409          (1) A county may only require termination of a billboard and associated property rights
             410      through:
             411          (a) gift;
             412          (b) purchase;
             413          (c) agreement;
             414          (d) exchange; or
             415          (e) subject to Subsection (3), eminent domain.
             416          (2) A termination under Subsection (1)(a), (b), (c), or (d) requires the voluntary consent
             417      of the billboard owner.
             418          (3) If a county terminates a billboard owner's billboard or associated rights through
             419      eminent domain, the county shall exercise the right of eminent domain in accordance with and
             420      subject to the requirements of Title 78B, Chapter 6, Part 5, Eminent Domain.
             421          Section 6. Section 17-27a-512 is amended to read:
             422           17-27a-512. County's acquisition of billboard by eminent domain -- Removal
             423      without providing compensation -- Limit on allowing nonconforming billboard to be
             424      rebuilt or replaced -- Validity of county permit after issuance of state permit -- Just
             425      compensation in eminent domain proceeding -- County conditions on billboard
             426      prohibited.
             427          (1) As used in this section:
             428          (a) "Clearly visible" means capable of being [read] viewed without obstruction by an
             429      occupant of a vehicle traveling on a street or highway within the visibility area.
             430          (b) "Highest allowable height" means:


             431          (i) if the height allowed by the county, by ordinance or consent, is higher than the
             432      height under Subsection (1)(b)(ii), the height allowed by the county; or
             433          (ii) (A) for a noninterstate billboard:
             434          (I) if the height of the previous use or structure is 45 feet or higher, the height of the
             435      previous use or structure; or
             436          (II) if the height of the previous use or structure is less than 45 feet, the height of the
             437      previous use or structure or the height to make the entire advertising content of the billboard
             438      clearly visible, whichever is higher, but no higher than 45 feet; and
             439          (B) for an interstate billboard:
             440          (I) if the height of the previous use or structure is at or above the interstate height, the
             441      height of the previous use or structure; or
             442          (II) if the height of the previous use or structure is less than the interstate height, the
             443      height of the previous use or structure or the height to make the entire advertising content of
             444      the billboard clearly visible, whichever is higher, but no higher than the interstate height.
             445          (c) "Interstate billboard" means a billboard that is intended to be viewed from a
             446      highway that is an interstate.
             447          (d) "Interstate height" means a height that is the higher of:
             448          (i) 65 feet above the ground; and
             449          (ii) 25 feet above the grade of the interstate.
             450          (e) "Noninterstate billboard" means a billboard that is intended to be viewed from a
             451      street or highway that is not an interstate.
             452          (f) "Visibility area" means the area on a street or highway that is:
             453          (i) defined at one end by a line extending from the base of the billboard across all lanes
             454      of traffic of the street or highway in a plane that is perpendicular to the street or highway; and
             455          (ii) defined on the other end by a line extending across all lanes of traffic of the street
             456      or highway in a plane that is:
             457          (A) perpendicular to the street or highway; and
             458          (B) (I) for an interstate billboard, 500 feet from the base of the billboard; or
             459          (II) for a noninterstate billboard, 300 feet from the base of the billboard.
             460          (2) (a) A county [is considered to have initiated the acquisition of a billboard structure
             461      by eminent domain if the county prevents a billboard owner from] may not prevent a billboard


             462      owner from taking one or any of the following actions unless the county has first commenced,
             463      subject to Subsection (2)(b)(i), eminent domain proceedings as described in Section
             464      17-27a-511 :
             465          (i) rebuilding, maintaining, repairing, or restoring a billboard structure that is damaged
             466      by casualty, an act of God, or vandalism;
             467          (ii) except as provided in Subsection (2)[(c)](d), relocating or rebuilding a billboard
             468      structure, or taking other measures, to correct a mistake in the placement or erection of a
             469      billboard for which the county has issued a permit, if the proposed relocation, rebuilding, or
             470      other measure is consistent with the intent of that permit;
             471          (iii) structurally modifying or upgrading a billboard;
             472          (iv) relocating a billboard into any commercial, industrial, or manufacturing zone
             473      within the unincorporated area of the county, if:
             474          (A) the relocated billboard is:
             475          (I) within 5,280 feet of its previous location; and
             476          (II) no closer than:
             477          (Aa) 300 feet from an off-premise sign existing on the same side of the street or
             478      highway; or
             479          (Bb) if the street or highway is an interstate or limited access highway that is subject to
             480      Title 72, Chapter 7, Part 5, Utah Outdoor Advertising Act, the distance allowed under that act
             481      between the relocated billboard and an off-premise sign existing on the same side of the
             482      interstate or limited access highway; and
             483          (B) (I) the billboard owner has submitted a written request under Subsection
             484      17-27a-510 (3)(c); and
             485          (II) the county and billboard owner are unable to agree, within the time provided in
             486      Subsection 17-27a-510 (3)(c), to a mutually acceptable location; [or]
             487          (v) making the following modifications, as the billboard owner determines, to a
             488      billboard that is structurally modified or upgraded under Subsection (2)(a)(iii) or relocated
             489      under Subsection (2)(a)(iv):
             490          (A) erecting the billboard:
             491          (I) to the highest allowable height; and
             492          (II) as the owner determines, to an angle that makes the entire advertising content of


             493      the billboard clearly visible; and
             494          (B) installing a sign face on the billboard that is at least the same size as, but no larger
             495      than, the sign face on the billboard before its relocation[.]; or
             496          (vi) exercising a right granted to a billboard owner under the provisions of Title 72,
             497      Chapter 7, Part 5, Utah Outdoor Advertising Act.
             498          (b) (i) Notwithstanding Subsection (2)(a), a county may not commence eminent
             499      domain proceedings to prevent a billboard owner from upgrading a billboard to an electronic or
             500      mechanical changeable message sign.
             501          [(b)] (ii) A modification under Subsection [(1)] (2)(a)(v) shall comply with Title 72,
             502      Chapter 7, Part 5, Utah Outdoor Advertising Act, to the extent applicable.
             503          (c) A county shall pay a billboard owner's attorney fees incurred in obtaining a permit
             504      or other approval necessary for the billboard owner to take an action described in Subsection
             505      (2)(a) if the county:
             506          (i) prevents the billboard owner from taking one or any of the actions described in
             507      Subsection (2)(a) by delaying or withholding a permit or other necessary approval; and
             508          (ii) does not commence eminent domain proceedings within 90 days after the day the
             509      billboard owner submits a written request or application.
             510          [(c)] (d) A [county's denial of] county may deny a billboard owner's request to relocate
             511      or rebuild a billboard structure, or to take other measures, in order to correct a mistake in the
             512      placement or erection of a billboard [does not constitute the initiation of acquisition by]
             513      without commencing eminent domain proceedings under Subsection (2)(a) if the mistake in
             514      placement or erection of the billboard is determined by clear and convincing evidence to have
             515      resulted from an intentionally false or misleading statement:
             516          (i) by the billboard applicant in the application; and
             517          (ii) regarding the placement or erection of the billboard.
             518          [(d)] (e) If a county [is considered to have initiated the acquisition of] acquires a
             519      billboard structure by eminent domain under Subsection [(1)] (2)(a) or any other provision of
             520      applicable law, the county shall pay just compensation to the billboard owner in an amount that
             521      is:
             522          (i) the value of the existing billboard at a fair market capitalization rate, based on
             523      actual annual revenue, less any annual rent expense;


             524          (ii) the value of any other right associated with the billboard structure that is acquired;
             525          (iii) the cost of the sign structure; and
             526          (iv) damage to the economic unit described in Subsection 72-7-510 (3)(b), of which the
             527      billboard owner's interest is a part.
             528          (3) Notwithstanding Subsection (2) and Section 17-27a-511 , a county may [remove]
             529      require that a billboard owner remove a billboard without providing compensation if:
             530          (a) the county determines:
             531          (i) by clear and convincing evidence that the applicant for a permit intentionally made a
             532      false or misleading statement in the applicant's application regarding the placement or erection
             533      of the billboard; or
             534          (ii) by substantial evidence that the billboard:
             535          (A) is structurally unsafe;
             536          (B) is in an unreasonable state of repair; or
             537          (C) has been abandoned for at least 12 months;
             538          (b) the county notifies the owner in writing that the owner's billboard meets one or
             539      more of the conditions listed in Subsections (3)(a)(i) and (ii);
             540          (c) the owner fails to remedy the condition or conditions within:
             541          (i) except as provided in Subsection (3)(c)(ii), 90 days following the billboard owner's
             542      receipt of written notice under Subsection (3)(b); or
             543          (ii) if the condition forming the basis of the county's intention to remove the billboard
             544      is that it is structurally unsafe, 10 business days, or a longer period if necessary because of a
             545      natural disaster, following the billboard owner's receipt of written notice under Subsection
             546      (3)(b); and
             547          (d) following the expiration of the applicable period under Subsection (3)(c) and after
             548      providing the owner with reasonable notice of proceedings and an opportunity for a hearing,
             549      the county finds:
             550          (i) by clear and convincing evidence, that the applicant for a permit intentionally made
             551      a false or misleading statement in the application regarding the placement or erection of the
             552      billboard; or
             553          (ii) by substantial evidence that the billboard is structurally unsafe, is in an
             554      unreasonable state of repair, or has been abandoned for at least 12 months.


             555          (4) A county may not allow a nonconforming billboard to be rebuilt or replaced by
             556      anyone other than its owner or the owner acting through its contractors.
             557          (5) A permit issued, extended, or renewed by a county for a billboard remains valid
             558      from the time the county issues, extends, or renews the permit until 180 days after a required
             559      state permit is issued for the billboard if:
             560          (a) the billboard requires a state permit; and
             561          (b) an application for the state permit is filed within 30 days after the county issues,
             562      extends, or renews a permit for the billboard.
             563          (6) In an eminent domain proceeding initiated by a county action to terminate a
             564      billboard, the county shall pay the billboard owner's court costs, attorney fees incurred in
             565      defending against the termination and in setting the value of the billboard, appraiser fees, and
             566      expert fees if:
             567          (a) the amount recovered by the billboard owner exceeds the sum of any offer made by
             568      the county during negotiations described in Section 78B-6-505 ;
             569          (b) the court determines that the county initiated eminent domain proceedings for a
             570      purpose not authorized by law; or
             571          (c) the court determines that the county did not initiate eminent domain proceedings
             572      within the time frame specified in Subsection 17-9a-512 (2)(c)(ii).
             573          (7) A county may not require that a billboard owner remove or alter a billboard, or
             574      require that a person who has a lease, easement, or other agreement with a billboard owner
             575      terminate or fail to renew that lease, easement, or other agreement as a condition of issuing or
             576      approving:
             577          (a) a permit;
             578          (b) a license;
             579          (c) a zone change;
             580          (d) a variance;
             581          (e) any land use entitlement; or
             582          (f) any other land use approval or ordinance.
             583          Section 7. Section 72-7-502 is amended to read:
             584           72-7-502. Definitions.
             585          As used in this part:


             586          (1) "Clearly visible" means capable of being [read] viewed without obstruction by an
             587      occupant of a vehicle traveling on the main traveled way of a street or highway within the
             588      visibility area.
             589          (2) "Commercial or industrial activities" means those activities generally recognized as
             590      commercial or industrial by zoning authorities in this state, except that none of the following
             591      are commercial or industrial activities:
             592          (a) agricultural, forestry, grazing, farming, and related activities, including wayside
             593      fresh produce stands;
             594          (b) transient or temporary activities;
             595          (c) activities not visible from the main-traveled way;
             596          (d) activities conducted in a building principally used as a residence; and
             597          (e) railroad tracks and minor sidings.
             598          (3) (a) "Commercial or industrial zone" means only:
             599          (i) those areas within the boundaries of cities or towns that are used or reserved for
             600      business, commerce, or trade, or zoned as a highway service zone, under enabling state
             601      legislation or comprehensive local zoning ordinances or regulations;
             602          (ii) those areas within the boundaries of urbanized counties that are used or reserved
             603      for business, commerce, or trade, or zoned as a highway service zone, under enabling state
             604      legislation or comprehensive local zoning ordinances or regulations;
             605          (iii) those areas outside the boundaries of urbanized counties and outside the
             606      boundaries of cities and towns that:
             607          (A) are used or reserved for business, commerce, or trade, or zoned as a highway
             608      service zone, under comprehensive local zoning ordinances or regulations or enabling state
             609      legislation; and
             610          (B) are within 8420 feet of an interstate highway exit, off-ramp, or turnoff as measured
             611      from the nearest point of the beginning or ending of the pavement widening at the exit from or
             612      entrance to the main-traveled way; or
             613          (iv) those areas outside the boundaries of urbanized counties and outside the
             614      boundaries of cities and towns and not within 8420 feet of an interstate highway exit, off-ramp,
             615      or turnoff as measured from the nearest point of the beginning or ending of the pavement
             616      widening at the exit from or entrance to the main-traveled way that are reserved for business,


             617      commerce, or trade under enabling state legislation or comprehensive local zoning ordinances
             618      or regulations, and are actually used for commercial or industrial purposes.
             619          (b) "Commercial or industrial zone" does not mean areas zoned for the sole purpose of
             620      allowing outdoor advertising.
             621          (4) "Comprehensive local zoning ordinances or regulations" means a municipality's
             622      comprehensive plan required by Section 10-9a-401 , the municipal zoning plan authorized by
             623      Section 10-9a-501 , and the county master plan authorized by Sections 17-27a-401 and
             624      17-27a-501 . Property that is rezoned by comprehensive local zoning ordinances or regulations
             625      is rebuttably presumed to have not been zoned for the sole purpose of allowing outdoor
             626      advertising.
             627          (5) "Directional signs" means signs containing information about public places owned
             628      or operated by federal, state, or local governments or their agencies, publicly or privately
             629      owned natural phenomena, historic, cultural, scientific, educational, or religious sites, and areas
             630      of natural scenic beauty or naturally suited for outdoor recreation, that the department considers
             631      to be in the interest of the traveling public.
             632          (6) (a) "Erect" means to construct, build, raise, assemble, place, affix, attach, create,
             633      paint, draw, or in any other way bring into being.
             634          (b) "Erect" does not include any activities defined in Subsection (6)(a) if they are
             635      performed incident to the change of an advertising message or customary maintenance of a
             636      sign.
             637           ( 7) "Highway service zone" means a highway service area where the primary use of the
             638      land is used or reserved for commercial and roadside services other than outdoor advertising to
             639      serve the traveling public.
             640          (8) "Information center" means an area or site established and maintained at rest areas
             641      for the purpose of informing the public of:
             642          (a) places of interest within the state; or
             643          (b) any other information that the department considers desirable.
             644          (9) "Interchange or intersection" means those areas and their approaches where traffic
             645      is channeled off or onto an interstate route, excluding the deceleration lanes, acceleration lanes,
             646      or feeder systems, from or to another federal, state, county, city, or other route.
             647          (10) "Maintain" means to allow to exist, subject to the provisions of this chapter.


             648          (11) "Maintenance" means to repair, refurbish, repaint, upgrade, or otherwise [keep]
             649      operate an existing or upgraded sign structure in a safe manner and in a state suitable for use in
             650      any manner not otherwise prohibited by this part, including signs destroyed by vandalism or an
             651      act of God.
             652          (12) "Main-traveled way" means the through traffic lanes, including auxiliary lanes,
             653      acceleration lanes, deceleration lanes, and feeder systems, exclusive of frontage roads and
             654      ramps. For a divided highway, there is a separate main-traveled way for the traffic in each
             655      direction.
             656          (13) "Major sponsor" means a sponsor of a public assembly facility or of a team or
             657      event held at the facility where the amount paid by the sponsor to the owner of the facility, to
             658      the team, or for the event is at least $100,000 per year.
             659          (14) "Official signs and notices" means signs and notices erected and maintained by
             660      public agencies within their territorial or zoning jurisdictions for the purpose of carrying out
             661      official duties or responsibilities in accordance with direction or authorization contained in
             662      federal, state, or local law.
             663          (15) "Off-premise signs" means signs located in areas zoned industrial, commercial, or
             664      H-1 and in areas determined by the department to be unzoned industrial or commercial that
             665      advertise an activity, service, event, person, or product located on premises other than the
             666      premises at which the advertising occurs.
             667          (16) "On-premise signs" means signs used to advertise the major activities conducted
             668      on the property where the sign is located.
             669          (17) "Outdoor advertising" means any outdoor advertising structure or outdoor
             670      structure used in combination with an outdoor advertising sign or outdoor sign within the
             671      outdoor advertising corridor which is visible from a place on the main-traveled way of a
             672      controlled route.
             673          (18) "Outdoor advertising corridor" means a strip of land 350 feet wide, measured
             674      perpendicular from the edge of a controlled highway right-of-way.
             675          (19) "Outdoor advertising structure" or "outdoor structure" means any sign structure,
             676      including any necessary devices, supports, appurtenances, and lighting that is part of or
             677      supports an outdoor sign.
             678          (20) "Point of widening" means the point of the gore or the point where the intersecting


             679      lane begins to parallel the other lanes of traffic, but the point of widening may never be greater
             680      than 2,640 feet from the center line of the intersecting highway of the interchange or
             681      intersection at grade.
             682          (21) "Public assembly facility" means a convention facility as defined under Section
             683      59-12-602 and that:
             684          (a) includes all contiguous interests in land, improvements, and utilities acquired,
             685      constructed, and used in connection with the operation of the public assembly facility, whether
             686      the interests are owned or held in fee title or a lease or easement for a term of at least 40 years,
             687      and regardless of whether the interests are owned or operated by separate governmental
             688      authorities or districts;
             689          (b) is wholly or partially funded by public money;
             690          (c) requires a person attending an event at the public assembly facility to purchase a
             691      ticket or that otherwise charges for the use of the public assembly facility as part of its regular
             692      operation; and
             693          (d) has a minimum and permanent seating capacity of at least 10,000 people.
             694          (22) "Public assembly facility sign" means a sign located on a public assembly facility
             695      that only advertises the public assembly facility, major sponsors, events, the sponsors of events
             696      held or teams playing at the facility, and products sold or services conducted at the facility.
             697          (23) "Relocation" includes the removal of a sign from one situs together with the
             698      erection of a new sign upon another situs in a commercial or industrial zoned area as a
             699      substitute.
             700          (24) "Relocation and replacement" means allowing all outdoor advertising signs or
             701      permits the right to maintain outdoor advertising along the interstate, federal aid primary
             702      highway existing as of June 1, 1991, and national highway system highways to be maintained
             703      in a commercial or industrial zoned area to accommodate the displacement, remodeling, or
             704      widening of the highway systems.
             705          (25) "Remodel" means the upgrading, changing, alteration, refurbishment,
             706      modification, or complete substitution of a new outdoor advertising structure for one permitted
             707      pursuant to this part and that is located in a commercial or industrial area.
             708          (26) "Rest area" means an area or site established and maintained within or adjacent to
             709      the right-of-way by or under public supervision or control for the convenience of the traveling


             710      public.
             711          (27) "Scenic or natural area" means an area determined by the department to have
             712      aesthetic value.
             713          (28) "Traveled way" means that portion of the roadway used for the movement of
             714      vehicles, exclusive of shoulders and auxiliary lanes.
             715          (29) (a) "Unzoned commercial or industrial area" means:
             716          (i) those areas not zoned by state law or local law, regulation, or ordinance that are
             717      occupied by one or more industrial or commercial activities other than outdoor advertising
             718      signs;
             719          (ii) the lands along the highway for a distance of 600 feet immediately adjacent to
             720      those activities; and
             721          (iii) lands covering the same dimensions that are directly opposite those activities on
             722      the other side of the highway, if the department determines that those lands on the opposite side
             723      of the highway do not have scenic or aesthetic value.
             724          (b) In measuring the scope of the unzoned commercial or industrial area, all
             725      measurements shall be made from the outer edge of the regularly used buildings, parking lots,
             726      storage, or processing areas of the activities and shall be along or parallel to the edge of
             727      pavement of the highway.
             728          (c) All signs located within an unzoned commercial or industrial area become
             729      nonconforming if the commercial or industrial activity used in defining the area ceases for a
             730      continuous period of 12 months.
             731          (30) "Urbanized county" means a county with a population of at least 125,000 persons.
             732          (31) "Visibility area" means the area on a street or highway that is:
             733          (a) defined at one end by a line extending from the base of the billboard across all lanes
             734      of traffic of the street or highway in a plane that is perpendicular to the street or highway; and
             735          (b) defined on the other end by a line extending across all lanes of traffic of the street
             736      or highway in a plane that is:
             737          (i) perpendicular to the street or highway; and
             738          (ii) 500 feet from the base of the billboard.
             739          Section 8. Section 72-7-505 is amended to read:
             740           72-7-505. Sign size -- Sign spacing -- Location in outdoor advertising corridor --


             741      Limit on implementation.
             742          (1) (a) Except as provided in Subsection (2), a sign face within the state may not
             743      exceed the following limits:
             744          (i) maximum area - 1,000 square feet;
             745          (ii) maximum length - 60 feet; and
             746          (iii) maximum height - 25 feet.
             747          (b) No more than two facings visible and readable from the same direction on the
             748      main-traveled way may be erected on any one sign structure. Whenever two facings are so
             749      positioned, neither shall exceed the maximum allowed square footage.
             750          (c) Two or more advertising messages on a sign face and double-faced, back-to-back,
             751      stacked, side-by-side, and V-type signs are permitted as a single sign or structure if both faces
             752      enjoy common ownership.
             753          [(d) A changeable message sign is permitted if the interval between message changes is
             754      not more frequent than at least eight seconds and the actual message rotation process is
             755      accomplished in three seconds or less.]
             756          [(e) An illumination standard adopted by any jurisdiction shall be uniformly applied to
             757      all signs, public or private, on or off premise.]
             758          (d) An existing conforming or nonconforming sign, a newly constructed conforming
             759      sign, or a relocated sign may be upgraded or constructed as an electronic changeable message
             760      sign so long as the interval between message changes is not more frequent than at least eight
             761      seconds and the actual message rotation process is accomplished in three seconds or less.
             762          (e) The illumination of an electronic changeable message sign may not be limited,
             763      except to prevent an electronic sign face from increasing ambient lighting levels by more than
             764      0.3 footcandles when measured:
             765          (i) after sunset and before sunrise;
             766          (ii) perpendicular to the sign face; and
             767          (iii) at a distance in feet calculated by taking the square root of the product of the
             768      following:
             769          (A) the area of the electronic changeable message sign face measured in square feet;
             770      and
             771          (B) 100.


             772          (f) If a political subdivision adopts an electronic changeable message sign illumination
             773      standard within the limitations described in Subsection (1)(e), and adopts a separate
             774      illumination standard for any other sign, public or private, on or off premise, the political
             775      subdivision shall allow an owner of an electronic changeable message sign to illuminate the
             776      owner's sign at the brighter of the two standards.
             777          (2) (a) An outdoor sign structure located inside the unincorporated area of a
             778      nonurbanized county may have the maximum height allowed by the county for outdoor
             779      advertising structures in the commercial or industrial zone in which the sign is located. If no
             780      maximum height is provided for the location, the maximum sign height may be 65 feet above
             781      the ground or 25 feet above the grade of the main traveled way, whichever is greater.
             782          (b) An outdoor sign structure located inside an incorporated municipality or urbanized
             783      county may have the maximum height allowed by the municipality or urbanized county for
             784      outdoor advertising structures in the commercial or industrial zone in which the sign is located.
             785      If no maximum height is provided for the location, the maximum sign height may be 65 feet
             786      above the ground or 25 feet above the grade of the main traveled way, whichever is greater.
             787          (3) Except as provided in Section 72-7-509 :
             788          (a) Any sign allowed to be erected by reason of the exceptions set forth in Subsection
             789      72-7-504 (1) or in H-1 zones may not be closer than 500 feet to an existing off-premise sign
             790      adjacent to an interstate highway or limited access primary highway, except that signs may be
             791      erected closer than 500 feet if the signs on the same side of the interstate highway or limited
             792      access primary highway are not simultaneously visible.
             793          (b) Signs may not be located within 500 feet of any of the following which are adjacent
             794      to the highway, unless the signs are in an incorporated area:
             795          (i) public parks;
             796          (ii) public forests;
             797          (iii) public playgrounds;
             798          (iv) areas designated as scenic areas by the department or other state agency having and
             799      exercising this authority; or
             800          (v) cemeteries.
             801          (c) (i) (A) Except under Subsection (3)(c)(ii), signs may not be located on an interstate
             802      highway or limited access highway on the primary system within 500 feet of an interchange, or


             803      intersection at grade, or rest area measured along the interstate highway or freeway from the
             804      sign to the nearest point of the beginning or ending of pavement widening at the exit from or
             805      entrance to the main-traveled way.
             806          (B) Interchange and intersection distance limitations shall be measured separately for
             807      each direction of travel. A measurement for each direction of travel may not control or affect
             808      any other direction of travel.
             809          (ii) A sign may be placed closer than 500 feet from the nearest point of the beginning
             810      or ending of pavement widening at the exit from or entrance to the main-traveled way, if:
             811          (A) the sign is replacing an existing outdoor advertising use or structure which is being
             812      removed or displaced to accommodate the widening, construction, or reconstruction of an
             813      interstate, federal aid primary highway existing as of June 1, 1991, or national highway system
             814      highway; and
             815          (B) it is located in a commercial or industrial zoned area inside an urbanized county or
             816      an incorporated municipality.
             817          (d) The location of signs situated on nonlimited access primary highways in
             818      commercial, industrial, or H-1 zoned areas between streets, roads, or highways entering the
             819      primary highway shall not exceed the following minimum spacing criteria:
             820          (i) Where the distance between centerlines of intersecting streets, roads, or highways is
             821      less than 1,000 feet, a minimum spacing between structures of 150 feet may be permitted
             822      between the intersecting streets or highways.
             823          (ii) Where the distance between centerlines of intersecting streets, roads, or highways
             824      is 1,000 feet or more, minimum spacing between sign structures shall be 300 feet.
             825          (e) All outdoor advertising shall be erected and maintained within the outdoor
             826      advertising corridor.
             827          (4) Subsection (3)(c)(ii) may not be implemented until:
             828          (a) the Utah-Federal Agreement for carrying out national policy relative to control of
             829      outdoor advertising in areas adjacent to the national system of interstate and defense highways
             830      and the federal-aid primary system is modified to allow the sign placement specified in
             831      Subsection (3)(c)(ii); and
             832          (b) the modified agreement under Subsection (4)(a) is signed on behalf of both the state
             833      and the United States Secretary of Transportation.


             834          Section 9. Section 72-7-508 is amended to read:
             835           72-7-508. Unlawful outdoor advertising -- Adjudicative proceedings -- Judicial
             836      review -- Costs of removal -- Civil and criminal liability for damaging regulated signs --
             837      Immunity for Department of Transportation.
             838          (1) Outdoor advertising is unlawful when:
             839          (a) erected after May 9, 1967, contrary to the provisions of this chapter;
             840          (b) a permit is not obtained as required by this part;
             841          (c) a false or misleading statement has been made in the application for a permit that
             842      was material to obtaining the permit; or
             843          (d) the sign for which a permit was issued is not in a reasonable state of repair, is
             844      unsafe, or is otherwise in violation of this part.
             845          (2) The establishment, operation, repair, maintenance, or alteration of any sign contrary
             846      to this chapter is also a public nuisance.
             847          (3) Except as provided in Subsection (4), in its enforcement of this section, the
             848      department shall comply with the procedures and requirements of Title 63G, Chapter 4,
             849      Administrative Procedures Act.
             850          (4) (a) The district courts shall have jurisdiction to review by trial de novo all final
             851      orders of the department under this part resulting from formal and informal adjudicative
             852      proceedings.
             853          (b) Venue for judicial review of final orders of the department shall be in the county in
             854      which the sign is located.
             855          (5) If the department is granted a judgment, the department is entitled to have any
             856      nuisance abated and recover from the responsible person, firm, or corporation, jointly and
             857      severally:
             858          (a) the costs and expenses incurred in removing the sign; and
             859          (b) (i) $500 for each day the sign was maintained following the expiration of 10 days
             860      after notice of agency action was filed and served under Section 63G-4-201 ;
             861          (ii) $750 for each day the sign was maintained following the expiration of 40 days after
             862      notice of agency action was filed and served under Section 63G-4-201 ;
             863          (iii) $1,000 for each day the sign was maintained following the expiration of 70 days
             864      after notice of agency action was filed and served under Section 63G-4-201 ; and


             865          (iv) $1,500 for each day the sign was maintained following the expiration of 100 days
             866      after notice of agency action was filed and served under Section 63G-4-201 .
             867          (6) (a) Any person, partnership, firm, or corporation who vandalizes, damages, defaces,
             868      destroys, or uses any sign controlled under this chapter without the owner's permission is liable
             869      to the owner of the sign for treble the amount of damage sustained and all costs of court,
             870      including a reasonable [attorney's] attorney fee, and is guilty of a class C misdemeanor.
             871          (b) This Subsection (6) does not apply to the department, its agents, or employees if
             872      acting to enforce this part.
             873          (7) The following criteria shall be used for determining whether an existing sign within
             874      an [interstate] outdoor advertising corridor has as its purpose unlawful off-premise outdoor
             875      advertising:
             876          (a) whether the sign complies with this part;
             877          (b) whether the premise includes an area:
             878          (i) from which the general public is serviced according to normal industry practices for
             879      organizations of that type; or
             880          (ii) that is directly connected to or is involved in carrying out the activities and normal
             881      industry practices of the advertised activities, services, events, persons, or products;
             882          (c) whether the sign generates revenue:
             883          (i) arising from the advertisement of activities, services, events, or products not
             884      available on the premise according to normal industry practices for organizations of that type;
             885          (ii) arising from the advertisement of activities, services, events, persons, or products
             886      that are incidental to the principal activities, services, events, or products available on the
             887      premise; and
             888          (iii) including the following:
             889          (A) money;
             890          (B) securities;
             891          (C) real property interest;
             892          (D) personal property interest;
             893          (E) barter of goods or services;
             894          (F) promise of future payment or compensation; or
             895          (G) forbearance of debt;


             896          (d) whether the purveyor of the activities, services, events, persons, or products being
             897      advertised:
             898          (i) carries on hours of operation on the premise comparable to the normal industry
             899      practice for a business, service, or operation of that type, or posts the hours of operation on the
             900      premise in public view;
             901          (ii) has available utilities comparable to the normal industry practice for an entity of
             902      that type; and
             903          (iii) has a current valid business license or permit under applicable local ordinances,
             904      state law, and federal law to conduct business on the premise upon which the sign is located;
             905          (e) whether the advertisement is located on the site of any auxiliary facility that is not
             906      essential to, or customarily used in, the ordinary course of business for the activities, services,
             907      events, persons, or products being advertised; or
             908          (f) whether the sign or advertisement is located on property that is not contiguous to a
             909      property that is essential and customarily used for conducting the business of the activities,
             910      services, events, persons, or products being advertised.
             911          (8) The following do not qualify as a business under Subsection (7):
             912          (a) public or private utility corridors or easements;
             913          (b) railroad tracks;
             914          (c) outdoor advertising signs or structures;
             915          (d) vacant lots;
             916          (e) transient or temporary activities; or
             917          (f) storage of accessory products.
             918          (9) The sign owner has the burden of proving, by a preponderance of the evidence, that
             919      the advertised activity is conducted on the premise.
             920          Section 10. Section 72-7-510 is amended to read:
             921           72-7-510. Existing outdoor advertising not in conformity with part -- Procedure
             922      -- Eminent domain -- Compensation -- Relocation.
             923          (1) As used in this section, "nonconforming sign" means a sign that has been erected in
             924      a zone or area other than commercial or industrial or where outdoor advertising is not
             925      permitted under this part.
             926          (2) (a) The department may acquire by gift, purchase, agreement, exchange, or eminent


             927      domain, any existing outdoor advertising and all property rights pertaining to the outdoor
             928      advertising which were lawfully in existence on May 9, 1967, and which by reason of this part
             929      become nonconforming.
             930          (b) [If the] The department, or any town, city, county, governmental entity, public
             931      utility, or any agency or the United States Department of Transportation under this part[,
             932      prevents] may not prevent the maintenance as defined in Section 72-7-502 , or [requires]
             933      require that maintenance of an existing sign be discontinued[,] unless the department, town,
             934      city, county, governmental entity, public utility, or agency acquires the sign in question [shall
             935      be considered acquired by the entity and just compensation will become immediately due and
             936      payable] by eminent domain.
             937          (c) Eminent domain shall be exercised in accordance with the [provision] provisions of
             938      Title 78B, Chapter 6, Part 5, Eminent Domain.
             939          (3) (a) Just compensation shall be paid for outdoor advertising and all property rights
             940      pertaining to the same, including the right of the landowner upon whose land a sign is located,
             941      acquired through the processes of eminent domain.
             942          (b) For the purposes of this part, just compensation shall include the consideration of
             943      damages to remaining properties, contiguous and noncontiguous, of an outdoor advertising sign
             944      company's interest, which remaining properties, together with the properties actually
             945      condemned, constituted an economic unit.
             946          (c) The department is empowered to remove signs found in violation of Section
             947      72-7-508 without payment of any compensation.
             948          (4) (a) Except as specifically provided in this [section or Section 72-7-513 ] part, Title
             949      10, Chapter 9a, Part 5, Land Use Ordinances, or Title 17, Chapter 27a, Part 5, Land Use
             950      Ordinances, this part may not be construed to permit a person to place or maintain any outdoor
             951      advertising adjacent to any interstate or primary highway system which is prohibited [by law
             952      or] by any town, city, or county ordinance.
             953          (b) Any town, city, county, governmental entity, or public utility which requires the
             954      removal, relocation, alteration, change, or termination of outdoor advertising shall commence
             955      eminent domain proceedings and pay just compensation as defined in this part and in Title
             956      78B, Chapter 6, Part 5, Eminent Domain.
             957          (5) Except as provided in Section 72-7-508 , no sign shall be required to be removed by


             958      the department nor sign maintenance as described in this section be discontinued unless at the
             959      time of removal or discontinuance there are sufficient funds, from whatever source,
             960      appropriated and immediately available to pay the just compensation required under this
             961      section and unless at that time the federal funds required to be contributed under 23 U.S.C.,
             962      Sec. 131, if any, with respect to the outdoor advertising being removed, have been appropriated
             963      and are immediately available to this state.
             964          (6) (a) If any outdoor advertising use, structure, or permit may not be continued
             965      because of the widening, construction, or reconstruction along an interstate, federal aid primary
             966      highway existing as of June 1, 1991, or national highway systems highway, the owner shall
             967      have the option to relocate and remodel the use, structure, or permit to another location:
             968          (i) on the same property;
             969          (ii) on adjacent property;
             970          (iii) on the same highway within 5280 feet of the previous location, which may be
             971      extended 5280 feet outside the areas described in Subsection 72-7-505 (3)(c)(i)(A), on either
             972      side of the same highway; or
             973          (iv) mutually agreed upon by the owner and the county or municipality in which the
             974      use, structure, or permit is located.
             975          (b) The relocation under Subsection (6)(a) shall be in a commercial or industrial zoned
             976      area or where outdoor advertising is permitted under this part.
             977          (c) The county or municipality in which the use or structure is located shall, if
             978      necessary, provide for the relocation and remodeling by ordinance for a special exception to its
             979      zoning ordinance.
             980          (d) The relocated and remodeled use or structure may be:
             981          (i) erected to a height and angle to make it clearly visible to traffic on the main-traveled
             982      way of the highway to which it is relocated or remodeled;
             983          (ii) the same size and at least the same height as the previous use or structure, but the
             984      relocated use or structure may not exceed the size and height permitted under this part; or
             985          (iii) relocated to a comparable vehicular traffic count.
             986          (7) (a) The governmental entity, quasi-governmental entity, or public utility that causes
             987      the need for the outdoor advertising relocation or remodeling as provided in Subsection (6)(a)
             988      shall pay the costs related to the relocation, remodeling, or acquisition.


             989          (b) If a governmental entity prohibits the relocation and remodeling as provided in
             990      Subsection (6)(a), it shall pay just compensation as provided in Subsection (3).
             991          Section 11. Section 72-7-510.5 is amended to read:
             992           72-7-510.5. Height adjustments for outdoor advertising signs -- Sign obstruction.
             993          (1) If the view [and readability] of an outdoor advertising sign, including a sign that is
             994      a nonconforming sign as defined in Section 72-7-510 , a noncomplying structure as defined in
             995      Sections 10-9a-103 and 17-27a-103 , or a nonconforming use as defined in Sections 10-9a-103
             996      and 17-27a-103 is obstructed due to a noise abatement or safety measure, grade change,
             997      construction, directional sign, highway widening, or aesthetic improvement made by an agency
             998      or political subdivision of this state, along an interstate, federal aid primary highway existing as
             999      of June 1, 1991, national highway systems highway, or state highway or by an improvement
             1000      created on real property subsequent to the department's disposal of the property under Section
             1001      72-5-111 , the owner of the sign may:
             1002          (a) adjust the height of the sign; or
             1003          (b) relocate the sign to a point within 500 feet of its prior location, if the sign complies
             1004      with the spacing requirements under Section 72-7-505 and is in a commercial or industrial
             1005      zone.
             1006          (2) A height adjusted sign under this section does not constitute a substantial change to
             1007      the sign.
             1008          (3) The county or municipality in which the outdoor advertising sign is located shall, if
             1009      necessary, provide for the height adjustment or relocation by ordinance for a special exception
             1010      to its zoning ordinance.
             1011          (4) (a) The height adjusted sign:
             1012          (i) may be erected:
             1013          (A) to a height to make the entire advertising content of the sign clearly visible; and
             1014          (B) to an angle to make the entire advertising content of the sign clearly visible; and
             1015          (ii) shall be the same size as the previous sign.
             1016          (b) The provisions of Subsection (4)(a) are an exception to the height requirements
             1017      under Section 72-7-505 .
             1018          (5) (a) A billboard owner may, at the owner's own expense and in accordance with
             1019      Subsection (5)(b), trim trees or other foliage without a permit if the trees or foliage:


             1020          (i) obstruct, however slight, the view of any part of the face of the outdoor advertising
             1021      sign; and
             1022          (ii) are growing on or encroaching over property owned by the state or a political
             1023      subdivision of the state.
             1024          (b) A billboard owner shall perform the work described in Subsection (5)(a):
             1025          (i) under the supervision of a certified arborist; and
             1026          (ii) by employing a company licensed and insured in the state.
             1027          Section 12. Section 78B-6-501 is amended to read:
             1028           78B-6-501. Eminent domain -- Uses for which right may be exercised -- Uses for
             1029      which right may not be exercised.
             1030          (1) Subject to the provisions of this part, the right of eminent domain may be exercised
             1031      on behalf of the following public uses:
             1032          [(1)] (a) all public uses authorized by the federal government;
             1033          [(2)] (b) public buildings and grounds for the use of the state, and all other public uses
             1034      authorized by the Legislature;
             1035          [(3) (a)] (c) (i) public buildings and grounds for the use of any county, city, town, or
             1036      board of education;
             1037          [(b)] (ii) reservoirs, canals, aqueducts, flumes, ditches, or pipes for conducting water
             1038      for the use of the inhabitants of any county, city, or town, or for the draining of any county,
             1039      city, or town;
             1040          [(c)] (iii) the raising of the banks of streams, removing obstructions from streams, and
             1041      widening, deepening, or straightening their channels;
             1042          [(d)] (iv) bicycle paths and sidewalks adjacent to paved roads;
             1043          [(e)] (v) roads, streets, and alleys for public vehicular use, excluding trails, paths, or
             1044      other ways for walking, hiking, bicycling, equestrian use, or other recreational uses, or whose
             1045      primary purpose is as a foot path, equestrian trail, bicycle path, or walkway; and
             1046          [(f)] (vi) all other public uses for the benefit of any county, city, or town, or its
             1047      inhabitants;
             1048          [(4)] (d) wharves, docks, piers, chutes, booms, ferries, bridges, toll roads, byroads,
             1049      plank and turnpike roads, roads for transportation by traction engines or road locomotives,
             1050      roads for logging or lumbering purposes, and railroads and street railways for public


             1051      transportation;
             1052          [(5)] (e) reservoirs, dams, watergates, canals, ditches, flumes, tunnels, aqueducts and
             1053      pipes for the supplying of persons, mines, mills, smelters or other works for the reduction of
             1054      ores, with water for domestic or other uses, or for irrigation purposes, or for the draining and
             1055      reclaiming of lands, or for the floating of logs and lumber on streams not navigable, or for solar
             1056      evaporation ponds and other facilities for the recovery of minerals in solution;
             1057          [(6) (a)] (f) (i) roads, railroads, tramways, tunnels, ditches, flumes, pipes, and dumping
             1058      places to access or facilitate the milling, smelting, or other reduction of ores, or the working of
             1059      mines, quarries, coal mines, or mineral deposits including minerals in solution;
             1060          [(b)] (ii) outlets, natural or otherwise, for the deposit or conduct of tailings, refuse or
             1061      water from mills, smelters or other works for the reduction of ores, or from mines, quarries,
             1062      coal mines or mineral deposits including minerals in solution;
             1063          [(c)] (iii) mill dams;
             1064          [(d)] (iv) gas, oil or coal pipelines, tanks or reservoirs, including any subsurface
             1065      stratum or formation in any land for the underground storage of natural gas, and in connection
             1066      with that, any other interests in property which may be required to adequately examine,
             1067      prepare, maintain, and operate underground natural gas storage facilities;
             1068          [(e)] (v) solar evaporation ponds and other facilities for the recovery of minerals in
             1069      solution; and
             1070          [(f)] (vi) any occupancy in common by the owners or possessors of different mines,
             1071      quarries, coal mines, mineral deposits, mills, smelters, or other places for the reduction of ores,
             1072      or any place for the flow, deposit or conduct of tailings or refuse matter;
             1073          [(7)] (g) byroads leading from a highway to:
             1074          [(a)] (i) a residence;
             1075          [(b)] (ii) a development; or
             1076          [(c)] (iii) a farm;
             1077          [(8)] (h) telegraph, telephone, electric light and electric power lines, and sites for
             1078      electric light and power plants;
             1079          [(9)] (i) sewage service for:
             1080          [(a)] (i) a city, a town, or any settlement of not less than 10 families;
             1081          [(b)] (ii) a development;


             1082          [(c)] (iii) a public building belonging to the state; or
             1083          [(d)] (iv) a college or university;
             1084          [(10)] (j) canals, reservoirs, dams, ditches, flumes, aqueducts, and pipes for supplying
             1085      and storing water for the operation of machinery for the purpose of generating and transmitting
             1086      electricity for power, light or heat;
             1087          [(11)] (k) cemeteries and public parks, except for a park whose primary use is:
             1088          [(a)] (i) as a trail, path, or other way for walking, hiking, bicycling, or equestrian use;
             1089      or
             1090          [(b)] (ii) to connect other trails, paths, or other ways for walking, hiking, bicycling, or
             1091      equestrian use;
             1092          [(12)] (l) pipe lines for the purpose of conducting any and all liquids connected with
             1093      the manufacture of beet sugar; and
             1094          [(13)] (m) sites for mills, smelters or other works for the reduction of ores and
             1095      necessary to their successful operation, including the right to take lands for the discharge and
             1096      natural distribution of smoke, fumes, and dust, produced by the operation of works, provided
             1097      that the powers granted by this section may not be exercised in any county where the
             1098      population exceeds 20,000, or within one mile of the limits of any city or incorporated town
             1099      nor unless the proposed condemner has the right to operate by purchase, option to purchase or
             1100      easement, at least 75% in value of land acreage owned by persons or corporations situated
             1101      within a radius of four miles from the mill, smelter or other works for the reduction of ores; nor
             1102      beyond the limits of the four-mile radius; nor as to lands covered by contracts, easements, or
             1103      agreements existing between the condemner and the owner of land within the limit and
             1104      providing for the operation of such mill, smelter, or other works for the reduction of ores; nor
             1105      until an action shall have been commenced to restrain the operation of such mill, smelter, or
             1106      other works for the reduction of ores.
             1107          (2) A political subdivision may not terminate a billboard owner's billboard structure or
             1108      associated rights through eminent domain unless:
             1109          (a) the political subdivision commences eminent domain proceedings for a proposed
             1110      public use described in Subsection (1); and
             1111          (b) the proposed public use would be located on:
             1112          (i) the same property where the billboard is located if the billboard owner does not


             1113      intend to relocate the billboard; or
             1114          (ii) the property where a billboard owner intends to relocate or construct a billboard.




Legislative Review Note
    as of 12-6-11 2:05 PM


Office of Legislative Research and General Counsel


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