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Second Substitute H.B. 286
8 LONG TITLE
9 General Description:
10 This bill amends the rights of a property owner in disposing of abandoned personal
11 property left by a former tenant or occupant.
12 Highlighted Provisions:
13 This bill:
14 . requires a property owner to give notice to a former tenant of abandoned personal
15 property before it is sold or donated;
16 . allows a tenant to recover abandoned personal property under certain conditions;
17 . provides that a property owner is not required to store certain hazardous or
18 dangerous abandoned personal property;
19 . exempts motor vehicles; and
20 . makes technical changes.
21 Money Appropriated in this Bill:
23 Other Special Clauses:
25 Utah Code Sections Affected:
27 78B-6-812, as renumbered and amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 3
28 78B-6-816, as renumbered and amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 3
30 Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
31 Section 1. Section 78B-6-812 is amended to read:
32 78B-6-812. Order of restitution -- Service -- Enforcement -- Disposition of
33 personal property -- Hearing.
34 (1) Each order of restitution shall:
35 (a) direct the defendant to vacate the premises, remove [
36 property, and restore possession of the premises to the plaintiff, or be forcibly removed by a
37 sheriff or constable;
38 (b) advise the defendant of the time limit set by the court for the defendant to vacate
39 the premises, which shall be three calendar days following service of the order, unless the court
40 determines that a longer or shorter period is appropriate under the circumstances; and
41 (c) advise the defendant of the defendant's right to a hearing to contest the manner of
42 its enforcement.
43 (2) (a) A copy of the order of restitution and a form for the defendant to request a
44 hearing as listed on the form shall be served in accordance with Section 78B-6-805 by a person
45 authorized to serve process pursuant to Subsection 78B-8-302 (1). If personal service is
46 impossible or impracticable, service may be made by:
47 (i) mailing a copy of the order and the form by first class mail to the defendant's
48 last-known address and posting a copy of the order and the form at a conspicuous place on the
49 premises; or
50 (ii) mailing a copy of the order and the form to the commercial tenant defendant's
51 last-known place of business and posting a copy of the order and the form at a conspicuous
52 place on the business premises.
53 (b) A request for hearing by the defendant may not stay enforcement of the restitution
54 order unless:
55 (i) the defendant furnishes a corporate bond, cash bond, certified funds, or a property
56 bond to the clerk of the court in an amount approved by the court according to the formula set
57 forth in Subsection 78B-6-808 (4)(b); and
58 (ii) the court orders that the restitution order be stayed.
59 (c) The date of service, the name, title, signature, and telephone number of the person
60 serving the order and the form shall be legibly endorsed on the copy of the order and the form
61 served on the defendant.
62 (d) The person serving the order and the form shall file proof of service in accordance
63 with Rule 4(e), Utah Rules of Civil Procedure.
64 (3) (a) If the defendant fails to comply with the order within the time prescribed by the
65 court, a sheriff or constable at the plaintiff's direction may enter the premises by force using the
66 least destructive means possible to remove the defendant.
67 (b) [
68 premises by the sheriff or constable and transported to a suitable location for safe storage. The
69 sheriff or constable may delegate responsibility for inventory, moving, and storage to the
70 plaintiff, who shall store the personal property in a suitable place and in a reasonable manner.
71 (c) A tenant my not access the property until the removal and storage costs have been
72 paid in full, except that the tenant shall be provided reasonable access within five business days
73 to retrieve:
74 (i) clothing;
75 (ii) identification;
76 (iii) financial documents, including all those related to the tenant's immigration status,
77 employment status;
78 (iv) receipt of public services; and
79 (v) medical information, prescription medications, and any medical equipment required
80 for maintenance of medical needs.
84 after 15 calendar days, be considered abandoned property and subject to Section 78B-6-816 .
118 restitution order, the defendant [
119 file a request for a hearing. The court shall set the matter for hearing within 10 calendar days
120 from the filing of the request, or as soon thereafter as practicable, and shall mail notice of the
121 hearing to the parties.
123 Section 2. Section 78B-6-816 is amended to read:
124 78B-6-816. Abandoned premises -- Retaking and rerenting by owner -- Liability
125 of tenant -- Personal property of tenant left on premises.
126 (1) In the event of abandonment, the owner may retake the premises and attempt to rent
127 them at a fair rental value and the tenant who abandoned the premises shall be liable:
128 (a) for the entire rent due for the remainder of the term; or
129 (b) for rent accrued during the period necessary to rerent the premises at a fair rental
130 value, plus the difference between the fair rental value and the rent agreed to in the prior rental
131 agreement, plus a reasonable commission for the renting of the premises and the costs, if any,
132 necessary to restore the rental unit to its condition when rented by the tenant less normal wear
133 and tear. This Subsection (1) applies, if less than Subsection (1)(a), notwithstanding that the
134 owner did not rerent the premises.
135 (2) (a) If the tenant has abandoned the premises and has left personal property on the
136 premises, the owner is entitled to remove the property from the dwelling, store it for the tenant,
137 and recover actual moving and storage costs from the tenant.
138 (b) (i) The owner shall [
140 mail to the last known address for the tenant a notice that the property is considered abandoned.
141 (ii) The tenant may retrieve the property within 15 calendar days from the date of the
142 notice if the tenant tenders payment of all costs of inventory, moving, and storage to the owner.
144 for [
146 removal, and storage, and no court hearing on the property is pending, the owner may:
147 (A) sell the property at a public sale and apply the proceeds toward any amount the
148 tenant owes; or
149 (B) donate the property to charity if the donation is a commercially reasonable
151 (c) Any money left over from the public sale of the property shall be handled as
152 specified in Title 67, Chapter 4a, Part 2, Standards for Determining When Property is
153 Abandoned or Unclaimed.
154 (d) Nothing contained in this act shall be in derogation of or alter the owner's rights
155 under Title 38, Chapter 3, Lessors' Liens[
156 (3) If abandoned property is determined to belong to a person who is the tenant or an
157 occupant, the tenant or occupant may claim the property, upon payment of any costs, inventory,
158 moving, and storage, by delivery of a written demand with evidence of ownership of the
159 personal property within 15 calendar days after the notice described in Subsection (2)(b) is
160 sent. The owner may not be liable for the loss of the abandoned personal property if the
161 written demand is not received.
162 (4) As used in this section, "personal property" does not include a motor vehicle, as
163 defined in Section 41-1a-102 .
164 (5) A tenant has no recourse for damage or loss if the tenant fails to recover any
165 abandoned property as required in this section.
166 (6) An owner is not required to store the following abandoned personal property:
167 (a) chemicals, pests, potentially dangerous or other hazardous materials;
168 (b) animals, including dogs, cats, fish, reptiles, rodents, birds, or other pets;
169 (c) gas, fireworks, combustibles, or any item considered to be hazardous or explosive;
170 (d) garbage;
171 (e) perishable items; or
172 (f) items that when placed in storage might create a hazardous condition or a pest
173 control issue.
174 (7) An owner shall give an extension for up to 15 calendar days, beyond the 15
175 calendar day limit described in Subsection (2)(b)(ii), to recover the abandon property, if a
176 tenant provides:
177 (a) a copy of a police report or protection order for situations of domestic violence, as
178 defined in Section 76-36-1 ;
179 (b) verification of an extended hospitalization from a verified medical provider; or
180 (c) a death certificate or obituary for a tenant's death, provided by an immediate family
182 (8) Items listed in Subsection (5) may be properly disposed of by the owner
183 immediately upon determination of abandonment. A tenant may not recover for disposal of
184 abandoned items listed in Subsection (5).
185 (9) Notice of any public sale shall be mailed to the last known address of the tenant at
186 least five calendar days prior to the public sale.
187 (10) If the tenant is present at the public sale:
188 (a) the tenant may specify the order in which the personal property is sold;
189 (b) the owner may sell only as much personal property necessary to satisfy the amount
190 due under the rental agreement and statutorily allowed damages, costs, and fees associated with
191 the abandoned items; and
192 (c) any unsold personal property shall be released to the tenant.
193 (11) If the tenant is not present at the public sale:
194 (a) all items may be sold; and
195 (b) any surplus amount over the amount due to the owner shall be paid to the tenant, if
196 the tenant's current location is known. If the tenant's location is not known, any surplus shall
197 be disposed of in accordance with Title 67, Chapter 4a, Unclaimed Property Act.
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