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H.B. 361





Chief Sponsor: Lee B. Perry

Senate Sponsor: Peter C. Knudson

             7      LONG TITLE
             8      General Description:
             9          This bill modifies Title 77, Chapter 36, Cohabitant Abuse Procedures Act.
             10      Highlighted Provisions:
             11          This bill:
             12          .    requires the Department of Public Safety to present a report on domestic violence
             13      statistics to the Law Enforcement and Criminal Justice Interim Committee by May
             14      31, 2013; and
             15          .    makes technical changes.
             16      Money Appropriated in this Bill:
             17          None
             18      Other Special Clauses:
             19          This bill provides an immediate effective date.
             20      Utah Code Sections Affected:
             21      AMENDS:
             22          77-36-2.2, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 375
             24      Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
             25          Section 1. Section 77-36-2.2 is amended to read:
             26           77-36-2.2. Powers and duties of law enforcement officers to arrest -- Reports of
             27      domestic violence cases -- Reports of parties' marital status.

             28          (1) The primary duty of law enforcement officers responding to a domestic violence
             29      call is to protect the victim and enforce the law.
             30          (2) (a) In addition to the arrest powers described in Section 77-7-2 , when a peace
             31      officer responds to a domestic violence call and has probable cause to believe that an act of
             32      domestic violence has been committed, the peace officer shall arrest without a warrant or shall
             33      issue a citation to any person that the peace officer has probable cause to believe has committed
             34      an act of domestic violence.
             35          (b) (i) If the peace officer has probable cause to believe that there will be continued
             36      violence against the alleged victim, or if there is evidence that the perpetrator has either
             37      recently caused serious bodily injury or used a dangerous weapon in the domestic violence
             38      offense, the officer shall arrest and take the alleged perpetrator into custody, and may not
             39      utilize the option of issuing a citation under this section.
             40          (ii) For purposes of Subsection (2)(b)(i), "serious bodily injury" and "dangerous
             41      weapon" mean the same as those terms are defined in Section 76-1-601 .
             42          (c) If a peace officer does not immediately exercise arrest powers or initiate criminal
             43      proceedings by citation or otherwise, the officer shall notify the victim of the right to initiate a
             44      criminal proceeding and of the importance of preserving evidence, in accordance with the
             45      requirements of Section 77-36-2.1 .
             46          (3) If a law enforcement officer receives complaints of domestic violence from two or
             47      more opposing persons, the officer shall evaluate each complaint separately to determine who
             48      the predominant aggressor was. If the officer determines that one person was the predominant
             49      physical aggressor, the officer need not arrest the other person alleged to have committed
             50      domestic violence. In determining who the predominant aggressor was, the officer shall
             51      consider:
             52          (a) any prior complaints of domestic violence;
             53          (b) the relative severity of injuries inflicted on each person;
             54          (c) the likelihood of future injury to each of the parties; and
             55          (d) whether one of the parties acted in self defense.
             56          (4) A law enforcement officer may not threaten, suggest, or otherwise indicate the
             57      possible arrest of all parties in order to discourage any party's request for intervention by law
             58      enforcement.

             59          (5) (a) A law enforcement officer who does not make an arrest after investigating a
             60      complaint of domestic violence, or who arrests two or more parties, shall submit a detailed,
             61      written report specifying the grounds for not arresting any party or for arresting both parties.
             62          (b) A law enforcement officer who does not make an arrest shall notify the victim of
             63      the right to initiate a criminal proceeding and of the importance of preserving evidence.
             64          (6) (a) A law enforcement officer responding to a complaint of domestic violence shall
             65      prepare an incident report that includes the officer's disposition of the case.
             66          (b) From January 1, 2009 until December 31, 2013, any law enforcement officer
             67      employed by a city of the first or second class responding to a complaint of domestic violence
             68      shall also report, either as a part of an incident report or on a separate form, the following
             69      information:
             70          (i) marital status of each of the parties involved;
             71          (ii) social, familial, or legal relationship of the suspect to the victim; and
             72          (iii) whether or not an arrest was made.
             73          (c) The information obtained in Subsection (6)(b):
             74          (i) shall be reported monthly to the department;
             75          (ii) shall be reported as numerical data that contains no personal identifiers; and
             76          (iii) is a public record as defined in Section 63G-2-103 .
             77          (d) The incident report shall be made available to the victim, upon request, at no cost.
             78          (e) The law enforcement agency shall forward a copy of the incident report to the
             79      appropriate prosecuting attorney within five days after the complaint of domestic violence
             80      occurred.
             81          (7) The department shall compile the information described in Subsections (6)(b) and
             82      (c) into a report and present that report to the Law Enforcement and Criminal Justice Interim
             83      Committee during the 2013 Interim, no later than May 31, 2013.
             84          [(7)] (8) Each law enforcement agency shall, as soon as practicable, make a written
             85      record and maintain records of all incidents of domestic violence reported to it, and shall be
             86      identified by a law enforcement agency code for domestic violence.
             87          Section 2. Effective date.
             88          If approved by two-thirds of all the members elected to each house, this bill takes effect
             89      upon approval by the governor, or the day following the constitutional time limit of Utah

             90      Constitution Article VII, Section 8, without the governor's signature, or in the case of a veto,
             91      the date of veto override.

Legislative Review Note
    as of 2-18-13 1:57 PM

Office of Legislative Research and General Counsel

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