H.B. 23 Enrolled
7 LONG TITLE
8 General Description:
9 This bill amends certain student survey and evaluation provisions related to public
10 school suicide prevention.
11 Highlighted Provisions:
12 This bill:
13 . under certain circumstances, allows a school employee, agent, or school resource
14 officer to intervene and ask a student questions regarding the student's suicidal
15 thoughts, physically self-harming behavior, or thoughts of harming others, for the
16 purposes of:
17 . referring the student to appropriate prevention services; and
18 . informing the student's parent;
19 . requires a school district or charter school to develop a policy related to school
20 employee intervention measures on or before September 1, 2014;
21 . allows school personnel to ask a student questions related to youth suicide
22 prevention, intervention, or postvention as part of the school's suicide prevention
23 program; and
24 . makes technical changes.
25 Money Appropriated in this Bill:
27 Other Special Clauses:
29 Utah Code Sections Affected:
31 53A-13-302 , as last amended by Laws of Utah 2013, Chapter 335
32 53A-15-1301 , as enacted by Laws of Utah 2013, Chapter 194
34 Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
35 Section 1. Section 53A-13-302 is amended to read:
36 53A-13-302. Activities prohibited without prior written consent -- Validity of
37 consent -- Qualifications -- Training on implementation.
38 (1) [
39 53A-15-1301 , policies adopted by a school district or charter school under Section 53A-13-301
40 shall include prohibitions on the administration to a student of any psychological or psychiatric
41 examination, test, or treatment, or any survey, analysis, or evaluation without the prior written
42 consent of the student's parent or legal guardian, in which the purpose or evident intended
43 effect is to cause the student to reveal information, whether the information is personally
44 identifiable or not, concerning the student's or any family member's:
45 (a) political affiliations or, except as provided under Section 53A-13-101.1 or rules of
46 the State Board of Education, political philosophies;
47 (b) mental or psychological problems;
48 (c) sexual behavior, orientation, or attitudes;
49 (d) illegal, anti-social, self-incriminating, or demeaning behavior;
50 (e) critical appraisals of individuals with whom the student or family member has close
51 family relationships;
52 (f) religious affiliations or beliefs;
53 (g) legally recognized privileged and analogous relationships, such as those with
54 lawyers, medical personnel, or ministers; and
55 (h) income, except as required by law.
56 (2) Prior written consent under Subsection (1) is required in all grades, kindergarten
57 through grade 12.
58 (3) Except as provided in Subsection (7), Section 53A-11a-203 , and Section
59 53A-15-1301 , the prohibitions under Subsection (1) shall also apply within the curriculum and
60 other school activities unless prior written consent of the student's parent or legal guardian has
61 been obtained.
62 (4) Written parental consent is valid only if a parent or legal guardian has been first
63 given written notice, including notice that a copy of the educational or student survey questions
64 to be asked of the student in obtaining the desired information is made available at the school,
65 and a reasonable opportunity to obtain written information concerning:
66 (a) records or information, including information about relationships, that may be
67 examined or requested;
68 (b) the means by which the records or information shall be examined or reviewed;
69 (c) the means by which the information is to be obtained;
70 (d) the purposes for which the records or information are needed;
71 (e) the entities or persons, regardless of affiliation, who will have access to the
72 personally identifiable information; and
73 (f) a method by which a parent of a student can grant permission to access or examine
74 the personally identifiable information.
75 (5) (a) Except in response to a situation which a school employee reasonably believes
76 to be an emergency, or as authorized under Title 62A, Chapter 4a, Part 4, Child Abuse or
77 Neglect Reporting Requirements, or by order of a court, disclosure to a parent or legal guardian
78 must be given at least two weeks before information protected under this section is sought.
79 (b) Following disclosure, a parent or guardian may waive the two week minimum
80 notification period.
81 (c) Unless otherwise agreed to by a student's parent or legal guardian and the person
82 requesting written consent, the authorization is valid only for the activity for which it was
84 (d) A written withdrawal of authorization submitted to the school principal by the
85 authorizing parent or guardian terminates the authorization.
86 (e) A general consent used to approve admission to school or involvement in special
87 education, remedial education, or a school activity does not constitute written consent under
88 this section.
89 (6) (a) This section does not limit the ability of a student under Section 53A-13-101.3
90 to spontaneously express sentiments or opinions otherwise protected against disclosure under
91 this section.
92 (b) (i) If a school employee or agent believes that a situation exists which presents a
93 serious threat to the well-being of a student, that employee or agent shall notify the student's
94 parent or guardian without delay.
95 (ii) If, however, the matter has been reported to the Division of Child and Family
96 Services within the Department of Human Services, it is the responsibility of the division to
97 notify the student's parent or guardian of any possible investigation, prior to the student's return
98 home from school.
99 (iii) The division may be exempted from the notification requirements described in this
100 Subsection (6)(b)(ii) only if it determines that the student would be endangered by notification
101 of his parent or guardian, or if that notification is otherwise prohibited by state or federal law.
102 (7) (a) If a school employee, agent, or school resource officer believes a student is
103 at-risk of attempting suicide, physical self-harm, or harming others, the school employee,
104 agent, or school resource officer may intervene and ask a student questions regarding the
105 student's suicidal thoughts, physically self-harming behavior, or thoughts of harming others for
106 the purposes of:
107 (i) referring the student to appropriate prevention services; and
108 (ii) informing the student's parent or legal guardian.
109 (b) On or before September 1, 2014, a school district or charter school shall develop
110 and adopt a policy regarding intervention measures consistent with Subsection (7)(a) while
111 requiring the minimum degree of intervention to accomplish the goals of this section.
113 inservice for teachers and administrators [
114 implementation of this section.
116 this section.
117 Section 2. Section 53A-15-1301 is amended to read:
118 53A-15-1301. Youth suicide prevention programs required in secondary schools
119 -- State Board of Education to develop model programs -- Reporting requirements.
120 (1) As used in the section:
121 (a) "Board" means the State Board of Education.
122 (b) "Intervention" means an effort to prevent a student from attempting suicide.
123 (c) "Postvention" means mental health intervention after a suicide attempt or death to
124 prevent or contain contagion.
125 (d) "Program" means a youth suicide prevention program described in Subsection (2).
126 (e) "Secondary grades":
127 (i) means grades 7 through 12; and
128 (ii) if a middle or junior high school includes grade 6, includes grade 6.
129 (f) "State Office of Education suicide prevention coordinator" means a person
130 designated by the board as described in Subsection (3).
131 (g) "State suicide prevention coordinator" means the state suicide prevention
132 coordinator described in Section 62A-15-1101 .
133 (2) (a) In collaboration with the State Office of Education suicide prevention
134 coordinator, a school district or charter school shall implement a youth suicide prevention
135 program in the secondary grades of the school district or charter school.
136 (b) A school district or charter school's program shall include the following
138 (i) prevention of youth suicides;
139 (ii) youth suicide intervention; and
140 (iii) postvention for family, students, and faculty.
141 (3) The board shall:
142 (a) designate a State Office of Education suicide prevention coordinator; and
143 (b) in collaboration with the Department of Heath and the state suicide prevention
144 coordinator, develop model programs to provide to school districts and charter schools:
145 (i) program training; and
146 (ii) resources regarding the required components described in Subsection (2)(b).
147 (4) The State Office of Education suicide prevention coordinator shall:
148 (a) oversee the youth suicide prevention programs of school districts and charter
149 schools; and
150 (b) coordinate prevention and postvention programs, services, and efforts with the state
151 suicide prevention coordinator.
152 (5) A public school suicide prevention program may allow school personnel to ask a
153 student questions related to youth suicide prevention, intervention, or postvention.
155 school district or charter school to be used to implement a program in the school district or
156 charter school.
158 by the November 2014 meeting, jointly with the state suicide prevention coordinator, on:
159 (i) the progress of school district and charter school programs; and
160 (ii) the board's coordination efforts with the Department of Health and the state suicide
161 prevention coordinator.
162 (b) School districts and charter schools shall provide to the board information that is
163 necessary for the board's report to the Legislature's Education Interim Committee as required in
164 Subsection [
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