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First Substitute H.B. 75

Representative Curtis Oda proposes the following substitute bill:


             1     
RESTORATION OF CIVIL RIGHTS FOR NONVIOLENT

             2     
FELONS

             3     
2014 GENERAL SESSION

             4     
STATE OF UTAH

             5     
Chief Sponsor: Curtis Oda

             6     
Senate Sponsor: Mark B. Madsen

             7     
             8      LONG TITLE
             9      General Description:
             10          This bill exempts nonviolent felons from the categories of restricted persons who are
             11      prohibited from possessing a dangerous weapon.
             12      Highlighted Provisions:
             13          This bill:
             14          .    exempts persons convicted of certain nonviolent felonies and who have had felonies
             15      expunged from the categories of restricted persons prohibited from possessing a
             16      dangerous weapon.
             17      Money Appropriated in this Bill:
             18          None
             19      Other Special Clauses:
             20          None
             21      Utah Code Sections Affected:
             22      AMENDS:
             23           76-10-503 , as last amended by Laws of Utah 2012, Chapter 317
             24     
             25      Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:


             26          Section 1. Section 76-10-503 is amended to read:
             27           76-10-503. Restrictions on possession, purchase, transfer, and ownership of
             28      dangerous weapons by certain persons.
             29          (1) For purposes of this section:
             30          (a) A Category I restricted person is a person who:
             31          (i) has been convicted of any violent felony as defined in Section 76-3-203.5 ;
             32          (ii) is on probation or parole for any felony;
             33          (iii) is on parole from a secure facility as defined in Section 62A-7-101 ;
             34          (iv) within the last 10 years has been adjudicated delinquent for an offense which if
             35      committed by an adult would have been a violent felony as defined in Section 76-3-203.5 ; or
             36          (v) is an alien who is illegally or unlawfully in the United States.
             37          (b) A Category II restricted person is a person who:
             38          (i) has been convicted of any felony;
             39          (ii) within the last seven years has been adjudicated delinquent for an offense which if
             40      committed by an adult would have been a felony;
             41          (iii) is an unlawful user of a controlled substance as defined in Section 58-37-2 ;
             42          (iv) is in possession of a dangerous weapon and is knowingly and intentionally in
             43      unlawful possession of a Schedule I or II controlled substance as defined in Section 58-37-2 ;
             44          (v) has been found not guilty by reason of insanity for a felony offense;
             45          (vi) has been found mentally incompetent to stand trial for a felony offense;
             46          (vii) has been adjudicated as mentally defective as provided in the Brady Handgun
             47      Violence Prevention Act, Pub. L. No. 103-159, 107 Stat. 1536 (1993), or has been committed
             48      to a mental institution;
             49          (viii) has been dishonorably discharged from the armed forces; or
             50          (ix) has renounced his citizenship after having been a citizen of the United States.
             51          (c) As used in this section, a conviction of a felony or adjudication of delinquency for
             52      an offense which would be a felony if committed by an adult does not include:
             53          (i) a conviction or adjudication of delinquency for an offense pertaining to antitrust
             54      violations, unfair trade practices, restraint of trade, or other similar offenses relating to the
             55      regulation of business practices not involving theft or fraud; or
             56          (ii) a conviction or adjudication of delinquency which, according to the law of the


             57      jurisdiction in which it occurred, has been expunged, set aside, reduced to a misdemeanor by
             58      court order, pardoned or regarding which the person's civil rights have been restored unless the
             59      pardon, reduction, expungement, or restoration of civil rights expressly provides that the person
             60      may not ship, transport, possess, or receive firearms.
             61          (d) It is the burden of the defendant in a criminal case to provide evidence that a
             62      conviction or adjudication of delinquency is subject to an exception provided in Subsection
             63      (1)(c), after which it is the burden of the state to prove beyond a reasonable doubt that the
             64      conviction or adjudication of delinquency is not subject to that exception.
             65          (2) A Category I restricted person who intentionally or knowingly agrees, consents,
             66      offers, or arranges to purchase, transfer, possess, use, or have under the person's custody or
             67      control, or who intentionally or knowingly purchases, transfers, possesses, uses, or has under
             68      the person's custody or control:
             69          (a) any firearm is guilty of a second degree felony; or
             70          (b) any dangerous weapon other than a firearm is guilty of a third degree felony.
             71          (3) A Category II restricted person who purchases, transfers, possesses, uses, or has
             72      under the person's custody or control:
             73          (a) any firearm is guilty of a third degree felony; or
             74          (b) any dangerous weapon other than a firearm is guilty of a class A misdemeanor.
             75          (4) A person may be subject to the restrictions of both categories at the same time.
             76          (5) If a higher penalty than is prescribed in this section is provided in another section
             77      for one who purchases, transfers, possesses, uses, or has under this custody or control any
             78      dangerous weapon, the penalties of that section control.
             79          (6) It is an affirmative defense to a charge based on the definition in Subsection
             80      (1)(b)(iv) that the person was:
             81          (a) in possession of a controlled substance pursuant to a lawful order of a practitioner
             82      for use of a member of the person's household or for administration to an animal owned by the
             83      person or a member of the person's household; or
             84          (b) otherwise authorized by law to possess the substance.
             85          (7) (a) It is an affirmative defense to transferring a firearm or other dangerous weapon
             86      by a person restricted under Subsection (2) or (3) that the firearm or dangerous weapon:
             87          (i) was possessed by the person or was under the person's custody or control before the


             88      person became a restricted person;
             89          (ii) was not used in or possessed during the commission of a crime or subject to
             90      disposition under Section 76-10-525 ;
             91          (iii) is not being held as evidence by a court or law enforcement agency;
             92          (iv) was transferred to a person not legally prohibited from possessing the weapon; and
             93          (v) unless a different time is ordered by the court, was transferred within 10 days of the
             94      person becoming a restricted person.
             95          (b) Subsection (7)(a) is not a defense to the use, purchase, or possession on the person
             96      of a firearm or other dangerous weapon by a restricted person.
             97          (8) (a) A person may not sell, transfer, or otherwise dispose of any firearm or
             98      dangerous weapon to any person, knowing that the recipient is a person described in
             99      Subsection (1)(a) or (b).
             100          (b) A person who violates Subsection (8)(a) when the recipient is:
             101          (i) a person described in Subsection (1)(a) and the transaction involves a firearm, is
             102      guilty of a second degree felony;
             103          (ii) a person described in Subsection (1)(a) and the transaction involves any dangerous
             104      weapon other than a firearm, is guilty of a third degree felony;
             105          (iii) a person described in Subsection (1)(b) and the transaction involves a firearm, is
             106      guilty of a third degree felony; or
             107          (iv) a person described in Subsection (1)(b) and the transaction involves any dangerous
             108      weapon other than a firearm, is guilty of a class A misdemeanor.
             109          (9) (a) A person may not knowingly solicit, persuade, encourage or entice a dealer or
             110      other person to sell, transfer or otherwise dispose of a firearm or dangerous weapon under
             111      circumstances which the person knows would be a violation of the law.
             112          (b) A person may not provide to a dealer or other person what the person knows to be
             113      materially false information with intent to deceive the dealer or other person about the legality
             114      of a sale, transfer or other disposition of a firearm or dangerous weapon.
             115          (c) "Materially false information" means information that portrays an illegal transaction
             116      as legal or a legal transaction as illegal.
             117          (d) A person who violates this Subsection (9) is guilty of:
             118          (i) a third degree felony if the transaction involved a firearm; or


             119          (ii) a class A misdemeanor if the transaction involved a dangerous weapon other than a
             120      firearm.


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