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First Substitute S.B. 112


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House Floor Amendments 3-13-2014 bb/sca

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Senate 3rd Reading Amendments 2-21-2014 lp/sca
This document includes Senate 3rd Reading Floor Amendments incorporated into the bill on Fri, Feb 21, 2014 at 12:11 PM by lpoole. --> This document includes House Committee Amendments incorporated into the bill on Thu, Mar 6, 2014 at 10:16 AM by jeyring. --> This document includes House Floor Amendments incorporated into the bill on Thu, Mar 13, 2014 at 9:45 PM by bbryner. -->
Senator Gene Davis proposes the following substitute bill:


             1     
GAME FOWL FIGHTING AMENDMENTS

             2     
2014 GENERAL SESSION

             3     
STATE OF UTAH

             4     
Chief Sponsor: Gene Davis

             5     
House Sponsor: Johnny Anderson

             6     

             7      LONG TITLE
             8      General Description:
             9          This bill amends provisions of the Utah Criminal Code relating to animal cruelty.
             10      Highlighted Provisions:
             11          This bill:
             12          .    provides that game fowl fighting H. [ and specified acts related to game fowl fighting
             12a1      are ] is a .H
             12a          S. class A H. [ misdemeanors on the first offense, and .S
             13      third degree felonies S. on second and subsequent offenses
] misdemeanor .H
.S ;
             14          .    provides that being present at a game fowl fight is a class B misdemeanor; and
             15          .    provides definitions and cross references.
             16      Money Appropriated in this Bill:
             17          None
             18      Other Special Clauses:
             19          None
             20      Utah Code Sections Affected:
             21      AMENDS:
             22          76-9-301, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 292
             23          76-9-301.5, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 292
             24      ENACTS:
             25          76-9-301.3, Utah Code Annotated 1953



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             26
    

             27      Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
             28          Section 1. Section 76-9-301 is amended to read:
             29           76-9-301. Cruelty to animals.
             30          (1) As used in this section:
             31          (a) (i) "Abandon" means to intentionally deposit, leave, or drop off any live animal:
             32          (A) without providing for the care of that animal, in accordance with accepted animal
             33      husbandry practices or customary farming practices; or
             34          (B) in a situation where conditions present an immediate, direct, and serious threat to
             35      the life, safety, or health of the animal.
             36          (ii) "Abandon" does not include returning wildlife to its natural habitat.
             37          (b) (i) "Animal" means, except as provided in Subsection (1)(b)(ii), a live, nonhuman
             38      vertebrate creature.
             39          (ii) "Animal" does not include:
             40          (A) a live, nonhuman vertebrate creature, if:
             41          (I) the conduct toward the creature, and the care provided to the creature, is in
             42      accordance with accepted animal husbandry practices; and
             43          (II) the creature is:
             44          (Aa) owned or kept by a zoological park that is accredited by, or a member of, the
             45      American Zoo and Aquarium Association;
             46          (Bb) kept, owned, or used for the purpose of training hunting dogs or raptors; or
             47          (Cc) temporarily in the state as part of a circus or traveling exhibitor licensed by the
             48      United States Department of Agriculture under 7 U.S.C. 2133;
             49          (B) a live, nonhuman vertebrate creature that is owned, kept, or used for rodeo
             50      purposes, if the conduct toward the creature, and the care provided to the creature, is in
             51      accordance with accepted rodeo practices;
             52          (C) livestock, if the conduct toward the creature, and the care provided to the creature,
             53      is in accordance with accepted animal husbandry practices or customary farming practices; or
             54          (D) wildlife, as defined in Section 23-13-2 , including protected and unprotected
             55      wildlife, if the conduct toward the wildlife is in accordance with lawful hunting, fishing, or
             56      trapping practices or other lawful practices.



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             57
         (c) "Companion animal" means an animal that is a domestic dog or a domestic cat.
             58          (d) "Custody" means ownership, possession, or control over an animal.
             59          (e) "Legal privilege" means an act that:
             60          (i) is authorized by state law, including Division of Wildlife Resources rules; and
             61          (ii) is not in violation of a local ordinance.
             62          (f) "Livestock" means:
             63          (i) domesticated:
             64          (A) cattle;
             65          (B) sheep;
             66          (C) goats;
             67          (D) turkeys;
             68          (E) swine;
             69          (F) equines;
             70          (G) camelidae;
             71          (H) ratites; or
             72          (I) bison;
             73          (ii) domesticated elk, as defined in Section 4-39-102 ; or
             74          (iii) any domesticated nonhuman vertebrate creature, domestic furbearer, or domestic
             75      poultry, raised, kept, or used for agricultural purposes.
             76          (g) "Necessary food, water, care, or shelter" means the following, taking into account
             77      the species, age, and physical condition of the animal:
             78          (i) appropriate and essential food and water;
             79          (ii) adequate protection, including appropriate shelter, against extreme weather
             80      conditions; and
             81          (iii) other essential care.
             82          (h) "Torture" means intentionally or knowingly causing or inflicting extreme physical
             83      pain to an animal in an especially heinous, atrocious, cruel, or exceptionally depraved manner.
             84          (2) Except as provided in Subsection (4) or (6), a person is guilty of cruelty to an
             85      animal if the person, without legal privilege to do so, intentionally, knowingly, recklessly, or
             86      with criminal negligence:
             87          (a) fails to provide necessary food, water, care, or shelter for an animal in the person's



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             88
     custody;
             89          (b) abandons an animal in the person's custody;
             90          (c) injures an animal;
             91          (d) causes any animal, not including a dog or game fowl, to fight with another animal
             92      of like kind for amusement or gain; or
             93          (e) causes any animal, including a dog or game fowl, to fight with a different kind of
             94      animal or creature for amusement or gain.
             95          (3) Except as provided in Section 76-9-301.7 , a violation of Subsection (2) is:
             96          (a) a class B misdemeanor if committed intentionally or knowingly; and
             97          (b) a class C misdemeanor if committed recklessly or with criminal negligence.
             98          (4) A person is guilty of aggravated cruelty to an animal if the person:
             99          (a) tortures an animal;
             100          (b) administers, or causes to be administered, poison or a poisonous substance to an
             101      animal; or
             102          (c) kills an animal or causes an animal to be killed without having a legal privilege to
             103      do so.
             104          (5) Except as provided in Subsection (6) or Section 76-9-301.7 , a violation of
             105      Subsection (4) is:
             106          (a) a class A misdemeanor if committed intentionally or knowingly;
             107          (b) a class B misdemeanor if committed recklessly; and
             108          (c) a class C misdemeanor if committed with criminal negligence.
             109          (6) A person is guilty of a third degree felony if the person intentionally or knowingly
             110      tortures a companion animal.
             111          (7) It is a defense to prosecution under this section that the conduct of the actor towards
             112      the animal was:
             113          (a) by a licensed veterinarian using accepted veterinary practice;
             114          (b) directly related to bona fide experimentation for scientific research, provided that if
             115      the animal is to be destroyed, the manner employed will not be unnecessarily cruel unless
             116      directly necessary to the veterinary purpose or scientific research involved;
             117          (c) permitted under Section 18-1-3 ;
             118          (d) by a person who humanely destroys any animal found suffering past recovery for



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             119
     any useful purpose; or
             120          (e) by a person who humanely destroys any apparently abandoned animal found on the
             121      person's property.
             122          (8) For purposes of Subsection (7)(d), before destroying the suffering animal, the
             123      person who is not the owner of the animal shall obtain:
             124          (a) the judgment of a veterinarian of the animal's nonrecoverable condition;
             125          (b) the judgment of two other persons called by the person to view the unrecoverable
             126      condition of the animal in the person's presence;
             127          (c) the consent from the owner of the animal to the destruction of the animal; or
             128          (d) a reasonable conclusion that the animal's suffering is beyond recovery, through the
             129      person's own observation, if the person is in a location or circumstance where the person is
             130      unable to contact another person.
             131          (9) This section does not affect or prohibit:
             132          (a) the training, instruction, and grooming of animals, if the methods used are in
             133      accordance with accepted animal husbandry practices or customary farming practices;
             134          (b) the use of an electronic locating or training collar by the owner of an animal for the
             135      purpose of lawful animal training, lawful hunting practices, or protecting against loss of that
             136      animal; or
             137          (c) the lawful hunting of, fishing for, or trapping of, wildlife.
             138          (10) County and municipal governments may not prohibit the use of an electronic
             139      locating or training collar.
             140          (11) Upon conviction under this section, the court may in its discretion, in addition to
             141      other penalties:
             142          (a) order the defendant to be evaluated to determine the need for psychiatric or
             143      psychological counseling, to receive counseling as the court determines to be appropriate, and
             144      to pay the costs of the evaluation and counseling;
             145          (b) require the defendant to forfeit any rights the defendant has to the animal subjected
             146      to a violation of this section and to repay the reasonable costs incurred by any person or agency
             147      in caring for each animal subjected to violation of this section;
             148          (c) order the defendant to no longer possess or retain custody of any animal, as
             149      specified by the court, during the period of the defendant's probation or parole or other period



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House Floor Amendments 3-13-2014 bb/sca

House Committee Amendments 3-6-2014 je/sca

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Senate 3rd Reading Amendments 2-21-2014 lp/sca
             150
     as designated by the court; and
             151          (d) order the animal to be placed for the purpose of adoption or care in the custody of a
             152      county [and] or municipal animal control agency[,] or an animal welfare agency registered with
             153      the state[,] to be sold at public auction[,] or humanely destroyed.
             154          (12) This section does not prohibit the use of animals in lawful training.
             155          (13) A veterinarian who, acting in good faith, reports a violation of this section to law
             156      enforcement may not be held civilly liable for making the report.
             157          Section 2. Section 76-9-301.3 is enacted to read:
             158          76-9-301.3. Game fowl fighting H. [ -- Training game fowl for fighting ] .H .
             159          (1) As used in this section "game fowl" means any of several breeds of fowl reared or
             160      used for fighting other fowl.
             161          (2) It is unlawful for any person to:
             162           H. [ (a) own, possess, keep, or train game fowl with the intent to engage it in fighting with
             163      another game fowl;
             164          (b)
] (a)
intentionally .H cause a game fowl to fight with or injure another game fowl;
             165           H. [ (c) manufacture, buy, sell, trade, or possess an instrument designed to enhance the
             166      ability to, or likelihood of, causing injury to a game fowl with the intent that the instrument be
             167      used in game fowl fighting or game fowl training;
] .H
or
             168           H. [ (d) ] (b) knowingly .H permit or allow any act that violates Subsection (2)(a)
             168a1      H. [ , (b), or (c) ] .H
             168a      on any premises
             169      under the person's charge.
             170          (3) S. H. [ (a) ] .H .S A person who violates Subsection (2) is guilty of a S. class A
             170a      misdemeanor H. [ , except under Subsection (3)(b).
             170b      (b) A second or subsequent violation of Subsection (2) is a .S third degree felony
] .H
.
             171          (4) This section does not prohibit the lawful use of livestock by the owner, the owner's
             172      employees or agent, or any other person in the lawful custody of livestock.
             173          (5) Any H. personal .H property, material, or device used or possessed in violation of
             173a      this section is
             174      subject to criminal or civil forfeiture under the procedures and substantive protections
             175      established in Title 24, Chapter 1, Utah Uniform Forfeiture Procedures Act.
             176          Section 3. Section 76-9-301.5 is amended to read:
             177           76-9-301.5. Spectator at organized animal fighting exhibitions.
             178          It is unlawful for a person to knowingly be present as a spectator at any place, building,
             179      or tenement where preparations are being made for an exhibition of the fighting of animals, as
             180      prohibited by Subsections 76-9-301 (2)(d) and (e) or Section 76-9-301.3 , or to be present at



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             181
     [such] an animal fighting exhibition, regardless of whether any entrance fee has been charged.
             182      A person who violates this section is guilty of a class B misdemeanor.


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