S.B. 46 Enrolled
7 LONG TITLE
8 General Description:
9 This bill amends provisions related to administrative subpoenas.
10 Highlighted Provisions:
11 This bill:
12 . includes enticement or attempted enticement of a minor under the definition of a
13 sexual offense against a minor;
14 . requires a law enforcement agency to receive a court order to collect electronic
15 communication records involving specified crimes;
16 . amends the reporting requirements for a court order issued for criminal
17 investigations of specified crimes; and
18 . makes technical changes.
19 Money Appropriated in this Bill:
21 Other Special Clauses:
22 This bill provides an immediate effective date.
23 Utah Code Sections Affected:
25 77-22-2.5 , as last amended by Laws of Utah 2011, Chapter 320
27 Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
28 Section 1. Section 77-22-2.5 is amended to read:
29 77-22-2.5. Court orders for criminal investigations for records concerning an
30 electronic communications system or service or remote computing service -- Content --
31 Fee for providing information.
32 (1) As used in this section:
33 (a) (i) "Electronic communication" means any transfer of signs, signals, writing,
34 images, sounds, data, or intelligence of any nature transmitted in whole or in part by a wire,
35 radio, electromagnetic, photoelectronic, or photooptical system.
36 (ii) "Electronic communication" does not include:
37 (A) any wire or oral communication;
38 (B) any communication made through a tone-only paging device;
39 (C) any communication from a tracking device; or
40 (D) electronic funds transfer information stored by a financial institution in a
41 communications system used for the electronic storage and transfer of funds.
42 (b) "Electronic communications service" means any service which provides for users
43 the ability to send or receive wire or electronic communications.
44 (c) "Electronic communications system" means any wire, radio, electromagnetic,
45 photooptical, or photoelectronic facilities for the transmission of wire or electronic
46 communications, and any computer facilities or related electronic equipment for the electronic
47 storage of the communication.
48 (d) "Internet service provider" has the same definition as in Section 76-10-1230 .
49 (e) "Prosecutor" has the same definition as in Section 77-22-2 .
50 (f) "Sexual offense against a minor" means:
51 (i) sexual exploitation of a minor as defined in Section 76-5b-201 or attempted sexual
52 exploitation of a minor;
53 (ii) a sexual offense or attempted sexual offense committed against a minor in violation
54 of Title 76, Chapter 5, Part 4, Sexual Offenses; [
55 (iii) dealing in or attempting to deal in material harmful to a minor in violation of
56 Section 76-10-1206 [
57 (iv) enticement of a minor or attempted enticement of a minor in violation of Section
58 76-4-401 .
59 (g) "Remote computing service" means the provision to the public of computer storage
60 or processing services by means of an electronic communications system.
61 (2) When a law enforcement agency is investigating a sexual offense against a minor,
62 an offense of stalking under Section 76-5-106.5 , or an offense of child kidnapping under
63 Section 76-5-301.1 , and has reasonable suspicion that an electronic communications system or
64 service or remote computing service has been used in the commission of a criminal offense,
66 (a) articulate specific facts showing reasonable grounds to believe that the records or
67 other information sought, as designated in Subsection (c)(i) through (v), are relevant and
68 material to an ongoing investigation;
69 (b) present the request to a prosecutor for review and authorization to proceed; and
70 (c) submit the request to a district court judge for a court order, consistent with 18
71 U.S.C. 2703 and 18 U.S.C. 2702, to the electronic communications system or service or remote
72 computing service provider that owns or controls the Internet protocol address, websites, email
73 address, or service to a specific telephone number, requiring the production of the following
74 information, if available, upon providing in the [
75 address, email address, telephone number, or other identifier, and the dates and times the
76 address, telephone number, or other identifier was suspected of being used in the commission
77 of the offense:
84 identifiers, including any temporarily assigned network address[
87 (3) A [
88 communications system or service or remote computing service provider shall produce any
89 records under Subsections (2)[
90 investigation of the suspected criminal activity or offense as described in the [
92 (4) (a) An electronic communications system or service or remote computing service
93 provider that provides information in response to a [
94 section may charge a fee, not to exceed the actual cost, for providing the information.
95 (b) The law enforcement agency conducting the investigation shall pay the fee.
96 (5) The electronic communications system or service or remote computing service
97 provider served with or responding to the [
99 for a period of 90 days.
100 (6) If the electronic communications system or service or remote computing service
101 provider served with the [
102 address, websites, or email address, or provide service for the telephone number that is the
103 subject of the [
104 enforcement agency that it does not have the information[
109 (7) There is no cause of action against any provider or wire or electronic
110 communication service, or its officers, employees, agents, or other specified persons, for
111 providing information, facilities, or assistance in accordance with the terms of the
113 (8) (a) [
114 to the provisions of Title 77, Chapter 23b, Access to Electronic Communications.
115 (b) Rights and remedies for providers and subscribers under Title 77, Chapter 23b,
116 Access to Electronic Communications, apply to providers and subscribers subject to [
118 (9) Every prosecutorial agency shall annually on or before [
119 to the Commission on Criminal and Juvenile Justice [
125 (a) the number of requests for court orders authorized by the prosecutorial agency;
126 (b) the number of orders issued by the court and the criminal offense, pursuant to
127 Subsection (2), each order was used to investigate; and
128 (c) if the court order led to criminal charges being filed, the type and number of
129 offenses charged.
130 Section 2. Effective date.
131 If approved by two-thirds of all the members elected to each house, this bill takes effect
132 upon approval by the governor, or the day following the constitutional time limit of Utah
133 Constitution, Article VII, Section 8, without the governor's signature, or in the case of a veto,
134 the date of veto override.
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