Compendium of Budget Information for the 2009 General Session
|Subcommittee Table of Contents|
The Basic School Program provides general operations revenues to school districts and charter schools. Program appropriations support education programs for all public kindergarten, elementary, and secondary students in the state. The basic program is divided into two sub-programs:
Basic School Programs use the WPU to estimate the cost of each sub-program and to distribute program appropriations in a relatively proportional manner among school districts and charter schools. Generally, one WPU equals one pupil in average daily membership (ADM). One program, Professional Staff, uses the number of Full-Time-Equivalent (FTE) licensed staff in the school districts and charter schools to determine WPU counts.
Certain programs within the basic program generate fewer or additional WPUs based on statutory guidelines, which most often is based on student qualification. For example, kindergarten students generate .55 of a WPU whereas students enrolled in special education programs generate more than one WPU. These weightings allow the program to adjust to meet the varied costs associated with educating different student populations.