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5 AN ACT RELATING TO THE CRIMINAL CODE; DEFINING THE CRIME OF CHILD
6 ABUSE; MAKING IT A CRIMINAL OFFENSE TO COMMIT A CRIME OF DOMESTIC
7 VIOLENCE IN THE PRESENCE OF A CHILD; AND MAKING CONFORMING
9 This act affects sections of Utah Code Annotated 1953 as follows:
11 76-5-109, as last amended by Chapter 192, Laws of Utah 1992
12 76-5-110, as last amended by Chapter 77, Laws of Utah 1995
13 76-5-208, as enacted by Chapter 65, Laws of Utah 1994
15 76-5-109.1, Utah Code Annotated 1953
16 Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
17 Section 1. Section 76-5-109 is amended to read:
18 76-5-109. Child abuse.
19 (1) As used in this section:
20 (a) "Child" means a human being who is 17 years of age or less.
21 (b) "Child abuse" means any offense described in Subsection (2) or (3).
23 physical condition of the child, including:
24 (i) a bruise or other contusion of the skin;
25 (ii) a minor laceration or abrasion;
26 (iii) failure to thrive or malnutrition; or
27 (iv) any other condition which imperils the child's health or welfare and which is not a
1 serious physical injury as defined in [
3 seriously impairs the child's health, or which involves physical torture or causes serious emotional
4 harm to the child, or which involves a substantial risk of death to the child, including:
5 (i) fracture of any bone or bones;
6 (ii) intracranial bleeding, swelling or contusion of the brain, whether caused by blows,
7 shaking, or causing the child's head to impact with an object or surface;
8 (iii) any burn, including burns inflicted by hot water, or those caused by placing a hot
9 object upon the skin or body of the child;
10 (iv) any injury caused by use of a deadly or dangerous weapon;
11 (v) any combination of two or more physical injuries inflicted by the same person, either
12 at the same time or on different occasions;
13 (vi) any damage to internal organs of the body;
14 (vii) any conduct toward a child which results in severe emotional harm, severe
15 developmental delay or retardation, or severe impairment of the child's ability to function;
16 (viii) any injury which creates a permanent disfigurement or protracted loss or impairment
17 of the function of a bodily member, limb, or organ;
18 (ix) any conduct which causes a child to cease breathing, even if resuscitation is successful
19 following the conduct; or
20 (x) any conduct which results in starvation or failure to thrive or malnutrition that
21 jeopardizes the child's life.
22 (2) Any person who inflicts upon a child serious physical injury or, having the care or
23 custody of such child, causes or permits another to inflict serious physical injury upon a child is
24 guilty of an offense as follows:
25 (a) if done intentionally or knowingly, the offense is a felony of the second degree;
26 (b) if done recklessly, the offense is a felony of the third degree;
27 (c) if done with criminal negligence, the offense is a class A misdemeanor.
28 (3) Any person who inflicts upon a child physical injury or, having the care or custody of
29 such child, causes or permits another to inflict physical injury upon a child is guilty of an offense
30 as follows:
31 (a) if done intentionally or knowingly, the offense is a class A misdemeanor;
1 (b) if done recklessly, the offense is a class B misdemeanor; or
2 (c) if done with criminal negligence, the offense is a class C misdemeanor.
3 (4) Criminal actions under this section may be prosecuted in the county or district where
4 the offense is alleged to have been committed, where the existence of the offense is discovered,
5 where the victim resides, or where the defendant resides.
6 Section 2. Section 76-5-109.1 is enacted to read:
7 76-5-109.1. Commission of domestic violence in the presence of a child.
8 (1) As used in this section:
9 (a) "Domestic violence" means the same as that term is defined in Section 77-36-1.
10 (b) "In the presence of a child" means:
11 (i) in the physical presence of a child; or
12 (ii) having knowledge that a child is present and may see or hear an act of domestic
14 (2) (a) A person is guilty of a third degree felony if he:
15 (i) commits an act of domestic violence in the presence of a child on two or more
16 occasions; or
17 (ii) commits an act of domestic violence in the presence of a child and the physical safety
18 of the child is threatened.
19 (b) Except as provided in Subsection (2)(a), a person is guilty of a class A misdemeanor
20 if he commits an act of domestic violence in the presence of a child.
21 Section 3. Section 76-5-110 is amended to read:
22 76-5-110. Abuse or neglect of disabled child.
23 (1) As used in this section:
24 (a) "Abuse" means:
25 (i) inflicting physical injury, as that term is defined in [
27 (ii) having the care or custody of a disabled child, causing or permitting another to inflict
28 physical injury, as that term is defined in Section 76-5-109; or
29 (iii) unreasonable confinement.
30 (b) "Caretaker" means:
31 (i) any parent, legal guardian, or other person having under his care and custody a disabled
1 child; or
2 (ii) any person, corporation, or public institution that has assumed by contract or court
3 order the responsibility to provide food, shelter, clothing, medical, and other necessities to a
4 disabled child.
5 (c) "Disabled child" means any person under 18 years of age who is impaired because of
6 mental illness, mental deficiency, physical illness or disability, or other cause, to the extent that
7 he is unable to care for his own personal safety or to provide necessities such as food, shelter,
8 clothing, and medical care.
9 (d) "Neglect" means failure by a caretaker to provide care, nutrition, clothing, shelter,
10 supervision, or medical care.
11 (2) Any caretaker who abuses or neglects a disabled child is guilty of a third degree felony.
12 (3) (a) A parent or legal guardian who provides a child with treatment by spiritual means
13 alone through prayer, in lieu of medical treatment, in accordance with the tenets and practices of
14 an established church or religious denomination of which the parent or legal guardian is a member
15 or adherent shall not for that reason alone be considered to be in violation under this section.
16 (b) The exception under Subsection (3)(a) shall not preclude a court from ordering medical
17 services from a physician licensed to engage in the practice of medicine to be provided to the child
18 where there is substantial risk of harm to the child's health or welfare.
19 Section 4. Section 76-5-208 is amended to read:
20 76-5-208. Child abuse homicide.
21 (1) Criminal homicide constitutes child abuse homicide if the actor causes the death of a
22 person under 17 years of age and the death results from child abuse, as defined in Subsection
24 (a) if done recklessly as provided in Subsection 76-5-109(2)(b);
25 (b) if done with criminal negligence as provided in Subsection 76-5-109(2)(c); or
26 (c) if done with the mental culpability as provided in Subsection 76-5-109(3)(a), (b), or
28 (2) Child abuse homicide as [
30 (3) Child abuse homicide as [
31 degree felony.
Legislative Review Note
as of 1-23-97 10:29 AM
A limited legal review of this bill raises no obvious constitutional or statutory concerns.
Office of Legislative Research and General Counsel
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