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S.B. 20 Enrolled
AN ACT RELATING TO HEALTH; AMENDING THE OPTOMETRY PRACTICE ACT;
AMENDING DEFINITIONS; PROVIDING DEFINITIONS AND PRACTICE
REGARDING CONTACT LENSES; AMENDING THE SCOPE OF PRACTICE OF
OPTOMETRISTS; AND AMENDING THE BOARD MEMBERSHIP.
This act affects sections of Utah Code Annotated 1953 as follows:
58-16a-102, as last amended by Chapter 247, Laws of Utah 1996
58-16a-301, Utah Code Annotated 1953
58-16a-304, Utah Code Annotated 1953
58-16a-306, Utah Code Annotated 1953
58-16a-307, Utah Code Annotated 1953
58-16a-501, Utah Code Annotated 1953
58-16a-502, Utah Code Annotated 1953
58-16a-701, Utah Code Annotated 1953
58-16a-702, Utah Code Annotated 1953
RENUMBERS AND AMENDS:
58-16a-201, (Renumbered from 58-16a-103, as last amended by Chapter 297, Laws of
58-16a-302, (Renumbered from 58-16a-106, as last amended by Chapter 313, Laws of
58-16a-303, (Renumbered from 58-16a-107, as repealed and reenacted by Chapter 297,
Laws of Utah 1993)
58-16a-305, (Renumbered from 58-16a-105, as last amended by Chapter 297, Laws of
58-16a-401, (Renumbered from 58-16a-108, as repealed and reenacted by Chapter 297,
Laws of Utah 1993)
58-16a-503, (Renumbered from 58-16a-110.5, as enacted by Chapter 297, Laws of Utah
58-16a-601, (Renumbered from 58-16a-109, as enacted by Chapter 287, Laws of Utah 1991)
58-16a-104, as enacted by Chapter 287, Laws of Utah 1991
58-16a-111, as last amended by Chapter 297, Laws of Utah 1993
Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
Section 1. Section 58-16a-102 is amended to read:
In addition to the definitions in Section 58-1-102, as used in this chapter:
(1) "Board" means the Optometrist Licensing Board created in Section [
(2) "Contact lens" means any lens that:
(a) has a spherical, cylindrical, or prismatic power or curvature;
(b) is made pursuant to a current prescription; and
(c) is intended to be worn on the surface of the eye.
(3) "Contact lens prescription" means a written order for contact lenses that includes:
(a) the date written;
(b) the base curve, power, diameter, material or brand name, and expiration date;
(c) the quantity of lenses if other than one per eye; and
(d) the signature of the licensed optometrist or physician prescribing the contact lenses.
(4) "Eye and its adnexa" means the human eye and all structures situated within the orbit,
including the conjunctiva, lids, lashes, and lacrimal system.
(5) "Fitting of a contact lens" means:
(a) the using of a keratometer to measure the human eye;
(b) utilizing refractive data provided by a licensed optometrist or ophthalmologist; and
(c) trial fitting of contact lenses to determine a tentative contact lens prescription for a
(6) "Laser surgery" means surgery in which human tissue is cut, burned, or vaporized by
means of laser or ionizing radiation.
(7) "Ophthalmic lens" means any lens used to treat the eye and that:
(a) has a spherical, cylindrical, or prismatic power;
(b) is made pursuant to an unexpired prescription; and
(c) is intended to be used in eyeglasses or spectacles.
(8) "Optometric assistant" means an unlicensed individual:
(a) working under the direct and immediate supervision of a licensed optometrist; and
(b) engaged in specific tasks assigned by the licensed optometrist in accordance with the
standards and ethics of the profession.
(9) "Optometrist" or "optometric physician" means an individual licensed under this chapter.
(a) examination of the human eye and its adnexa to detect and diagnose defects or abnormal
(b) determination or modification of the accommodative or refractive state of the human eye
or its range or power of vision by administration and prescription of pharmaceutical agents or the
use of diagnostic instruments;
(c) prescription, ordering, administration, or adaptation of ophthalmic lenses, contact lenses,
ophthalmic devices, pharmaceutical agents, laboratory tests, or ocular exercises to diagnose and treat
diseases, defects, or other abnormal conditions of the human eye and its adnexa; or
(d) display of any advertisement, circular, sign, or device offering to:
(i) examine the eyes;
(ii) fit glasses or contact lenses;
(iii) adjust frames; or
(iv) duplicate, replace, or accept for duplication or replacement any ophthalmic lens[
(e) removal of a foreign body from the eye or its adnexa, that is not deeper than the anterior
one-half of the cornea;
(f) consultation regarding the eye and its adnexa with other appropriate health care providers,
including referral to other appropriate health care providers; and
(g) a person, not licensed as an optometrist, directing a licensee under this chapter to
withhold or alter the eye care services the licensee has ordered.
(11) "Pharmaceutical agent" means any diagnostic or therapeutic drug or combination of
drugs that has the property of assisting in the diagnosis, prevention, treatment, or mitigation of
abnormal conditions or symptoms of the eye and its adnexa.
(13) "Unexpired" means a prescription that was issued not more than two years prior to
presentation of the prescription for an ophthalmic lens or lenses.
Section 2. Section 58-16a-201, which is renumbered from Section 58-16a-103 is renumbered
and amended to read:
(1) There is created an Optometrist Licensing Board consisting of [
not provide eye care services.
(2) The board shall be appointed and serve in accordance with Section 58-1-201.
(3) The board's duties and responsibilities shall be in accordance with Sections 58-1-202
and 58-1-203, and as provided under this Subsection (3).
(4) The board shall designate one of its members on a permanent or rotating basis to:
(a) assist the division in reviewing complaints concerning the unlawful or unprofessional
conduct of a licensee; and
(b) advise the division in its investigation of these complaints.
(5) A board member who has, under Subsection (4), reviewed a complaint or advised in its
investigation may be disqualified from participating with the board when the board serves as a
presiding officer in an adjudicative proceeding concerning the complaint. The board member may
(a) on his own motion, due to actual or perceived bias or lack of objectivity; or
(b) upon challenge for cause raised on the record by any party to the adjudicative
Section 3. Section 58-16a-301 is enacted to read:
58-16a-301. Licensure required -- License classifications.
(1) A license is required to engage in the practice of optometry, except as specifically
provided in Section 58-1-307 or 58-16a-305.
(2) The division shall issue to a person who qualifies under this chapter a license in the
classification of optometrist.
Section 4. Section 58-16a-302, which is renumbered from Section 58-16a-106 is renumbered
and amended to read:
(a) submit an application in a form prescribed by the division;
(b) pay a fee as determined by the division under Section 63-38-3.2;
(c) be of good moral character;
(A) a regional accrediting body recognized by the Council on Post-Secondary Education;
(B) the American Optometric Association's Council on Optometric Education; or
(ii) be a graduate of a school of optometry located outside the United States that meets the
criteria that would qualify the school for accreditation under Subsection (d)(i), as demonstrated by
the applicant for licensure;
1996, have successfully completed a course of study satisfactory to the division, in consultation with
the board, in general and ocular pharmacology and emergency medical care;
(i) a standardized national optometry examination;
(ii) a standardized clinical examination;
(iii) a standardized national therapeutics examination; and
(iv) the Utah Optometry [
in collaboration with the board and agree in writing to maintain membership while licensed as an
optometrist in this state[
(f) meet with the board and representatives of the division, if requested by either party, for
the purpose of evaluating the applicant's qualifications for licensure.
(2) An applicant for licensure as an optometrist [
(a) be currently licensed in good standing in any state of the United States; and
(b) have been actively engaged in the legal practice of optometry for not less than 3,200
hours in the immediately preceding two years, in a manner that is consistent with the legal practice
of optometry in this state.
Section 5. Section 58-16a-303, which is renumbered from Section 58-16a-107 is renumbered
and amended to read:
(1) (a) Each license issued under this part shall be issued in accordance with a two-year
renewal cycle established by rule.
(b) A renewal period may be extended or shortened by as much as one year to maintain
established renewal cycles or to change an established renewal cycle.
(2) At the time of renewal the licensee shall show satisfactory evidence of each of the
following renewal requirements:
(a) current membership in a peer review organization; and
(b) completion of continuing education as required under [
(3) Each license automatically expires on the expiration date shown on the license unless
renewed by the licensee in accordance with Section 58-1-308.
Section 6. Section 58-16a-304 is enacted to read:
58-16a-304. Continuing education.
(1) As a condition precedent for license renewal, each licensee shall, during each two-year
licensure cycle or other cycle defined by rule, complete 30 hours of qualified continuing professional
education in accordance with standards defined by rule.
(2) If a renewal period is extended or shortened under Section 58-16a-303, the continuing
education hours required for license renewal under this section shall be increased or decreased
Section 7. Section 58-16a-305, which is renumbered from Section 58-16a-105 is renumbered
and amended to read:
may engage in acts included in the definition of the practice of optometry subject to the stated
circumstances and limitations without being licensed under this chapter:
established place of business;
adapting lenses according to the test;
in the case of an emergency, unless he is an exclusive wholesale optical establishment;
(3) a person who sells contact lenses under the following conditions:
(a) he has a current certification from both the American Board of Opticianry and the
National Contact Lens Examiners;
(b) he does not give or offer contact lenses as premiums;
(c) he does not perform a refraction, over-refraction, or attempt to traffic upon assumed skill
in testing the eye;
(d) he operates in the ordinary course of trade from a permanently located and established
place of business;
(e) he performs the work involved in fitting contact lenses himself and does not delegate the
contact lens fitting to any other individual who is not qualified under this Subsection (3);
(f) he provides services only to a patient who:
(i) presents an unexpired contact lens prescription; or
(ii) has had an eye examination within the prior six months by an optometrist or
ophthalmologist meeting the requirements under Section 58-16a-306; and
(g) he maintains a copy of the patient's contact lens prescription for not less than seven years.
Section 8. Section 58-16a-306 is enacted to read:
58-16a-306. Contact lens prescription -- Qualifications.
An optometrist or ophthalmologist issuing a contact lens prescription that may be filled by
a person fitting contact lenses under Subsection 58-16a-305(3) shall:
(1) be licensed under this title to practice in Utah;
(2) have a current written agreement with the person fitting the contact lenses to fit the
contact lenses to be prescribed by that particular optometrist or ophthalmologist;
(3) be an optometrist or ophthalmologist for whom the person fitting the contact lenses has
performed not less than two years of contact lens apprenticeship which apprenticeship shall be noted
in the written agreement; and
(4) ensure the final contact lens prescription is accurate and shall present a written copy of
the prescription to the person fitting the contact lens under Subsection 58-16a-305(3).
Section 9. Section 58-16a-307 is enacted to read:
58-16a-307. Licenses held on effective date.
An individual holding a current license as an optometrist that was issued under any prior state
law is considered to hold a current license in the same scope of practice under this chapter.
Section 10. Section 58-16a-401, which is renumbered from Section 58-16a-108 is
renumbered and amended to read:
Grounds for refusal to issue a license to an applicant, for refusal to renew the license of a
licensee, to revoke, suspend, restrict, or place on probation the license of a licensee, to issue a public
or private reprimand to a licensee, and to issue cease and desist orders shall be in accordance with
Section 11. Section 58-16a-501 is enacted to read:
58-16a-501. Unlawful conduct.
"Unlawful conduct" includes, in addition to the definition in Section 58-1-501:
(1) buying, selling, or fraudulently obtaining, any optometry diploma, license, certificate,
(2) aiding or abetting the buying, selling, or fraudulently obtaining, of any optometry
diploma, license, certificate, or registration;
(3) selling contact lenses without having received a written unexpired prescription unless
the person selling the lenses is a licensed optometrist or ophthalmologist, or an individual exempt
from licensure under Subsection 58-16a-305(3); or
(4) representing oneself as or using the title of "optometrist," "optometric physician," "doctor
of optometry," or "O.D.," unless currently licensed or exempted from licensure under this chapter.
Section 12. Section 58-16a-502 is enacted to read:
58-16a-502. Unprofessional conduct.
"Unprofessional conduct" includes, in addition to the definition in Section 58-1-501:
(1) using or employing the services of an optometric assistant to assist a licensee in any
manner not in accordance with:
(a) the generally recognized practices and standards of ethics of the profession; or
(b) applicable state law or division rule;
(2) failure to refer a patient to an appropriate licensed practitioner when:
(a) the patient's condition does not respond to treatment; or
(b) the treatment is not within the scope of competence or licensure of the licensee;
(3) providing confidential information regarding a patient to any third party who does not
have a legal and professional ground for obtaining the information;
(4) knowingly prescribing, selling, giving away, or administering any prescription drug
except for a legitimate medical purpose and upon a proper diagnosis indicating the use of the drug
in the amount prescribed or provided;
(5) giving or receiving directly or indirectly any fee, commission, rebate, or other
compensation for professional services not actually and personally rendered, except as part of a legal
relationship within a lawful professional partnership, corporation, or association; or
(6) failure to transfer pertinent and necessary information from a patient's medical records
to another optometrist or physician when so requested by the patient or his representative, as
designated in writing.
Section 13. Section 58-16a-503, which is renumbered from Section 58-16a-110.5 is
renumbered and amended to read:
58-16a-501, Subsection 58-1-501(1)(a), or (1)(c) is guilty of a third degree felony.
Section 14. Section 58-16a-601, which is renumbered from Section 58-16a-109 is
renumbered and amended to read:
(1) An optometrist may:
(a) provide any optometric services not specifically prohibited under this chapter or division
rules and that are within[
(b) prescribe or administer any pharmaceutical agent for the eye and its adnexa, including
all oral pharmaceutical agents, except that the oral antibiotics may only be prescribed for:
(i) eyelid-related ocular conditions or diseases; and
(ii) any other ocular disease or condition as specified by division rule.
(a) perform surgery, including laser surgery[
(b) prescribe or administer any Schedule II or Schedule III controlled substance as defined
in Title 58, Chapter 37, Controlled Substances.
Section 15. Section 58-16a-701 is enacted to read:
58-16a-701. Form of practice.
(1) An optometrist licensed under this chapter may engage in practice as an optometrist or
in the practice of optometry only as an individual licensee. However, as an individual licensee he
(a) an individual operating as a business proprietor;
(b) an employee of another person or corporation;
(c) a partner in a lawfully organized partnership;
(d) a lawfully formed professional corporation;
(e) a lawfully organized limited liability company;
(f) a lawfully organized business corporation; or
(g) any other form of organization recognized by the state and which is not prohibited by
division rule made in collaboration with the board.
(2) Regardless of the form in which a licensee engages in the practice of optometry, the
licensee may only permit the practice of optometry in that form of practice to be conducted by an
(a) licensed in Utah as an optometrist under Section 58-16a-301; and
(b) who is able to lawfully and competently engage in the practice of optometry.
Section 16. Section 58-16a-702 is enacted to read:
58-16a-702. Medical records -- Electronic records.
(1) Medical records maintained by a licensee shall:
(a) meet the standards and ethics of the profession; and
(b) be maintained in accordance with standards developed by the peer review organization
(2) Medical records under this section may be maintained by any electronic means if the
records comply with Subsection (1).
Section 17. Repealer.
This act repeals:
Section 58-16a-104, Division functions.
Section 58-16a-111, Continuing education.
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