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5 AN ACT RELATING TO THE INDIVIDUAL INCOME TAX ACT; INCREASING THE
6 PERSONAL EXEMPTION AMOUNT; MODIFYING THE MANNER IN WHICH STATE
7 TAXABLE INCOME IS CALCULATED; MAKING TECHNICAL CHANGES; AND
8 PROVIDING FOR RETROSPECTIVE OPERATION.
9 This act affects sections of Utah Code Annotated 1953 as follows:
11 59-10-112, as last amended by Chapter 345, Laws of Utah 1995
12 59-10-114, as last amended by Chapter 4, Laws of Utah 1996, Second Special Session
13 59-10-116, as renumbered and amended by Chapter 2, Laws of Utah 1987
14 59-10-117, as last amended by Chapters 311 and 345, Laws of Utah 1995
15 Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
16 Section 1. Section 59-10-112 is amended to read:
17 59-10-112. State taxable income of resident individual.
18 (1) "State taxable income" in the case of a resident individual means [
19 federal [
20 modifications, subtractions, and adjustments provided in Section 59-10-114.
21 (2) The state taxable income of a resident individual who is the beneficiary of an estate
22 or trust shall be modified by the adjustments provided in Section 59-10-209.
23 Section 2. Section 59-10-114 is amended to read:
24 59-10-114. Additions to and subtractions from federal adjusted gross income of an
26 (1) There shall be added to the federal [
27 nonresident individual:
1 (a) the amount of any income tax imposed by this or any predecessor Utah individual
2 income tax law and the amount of any income tax imposed by the laws of another state, the
3 District of Columbia, or a possession of the United States[
4 (i) if the taxpayer subtracts under Subsection (2)(1)(i) federal itemized deductions from
5 the taxpayer's federal adjusted gross income; and
6 (ii) to the extent [
7 gross income, as defined by Section 62, Internal Revenue Code, in determining federal taxable
9 (b) a lump sum distribution allowable as a deduction under Section 402(e)(3), Internal
10 Revenue Code, to the extent deductible under Section 62(a)(8), Internal Revenue Code, in
11 determining federal adjusted gross income;
15 medical care savings account is subject to Subsections 31A-32-105(1) and (2), the amount of
16 money withdrawn by the taxpayer in the tax year from the medical care savings account, and any
17 penalty imposed in the tax year; and
19 Education Savings Incentive Program, in the year in which the amount is refunded.
20 (2) There shall be subtracted from federal [
21 nonresident individual:
22 (a) the interest or dividends on obligations or securities of the United States and its
23 possessions or of any authority, commission, or instrumentality of the United States, to the extent
24 includable in gross income for federal income tax purposes but exempt from state income taxes
25 under the laws of the United States, but the amount subtracted under this subsection shall be
26 reduced by any interest on indebtedness incurred or continued to purchase or carry the obligations
27 or securities described in this subsection, and by any expenses incurred in the production of
28 interest or dividend income described in this subsection to the extent that such expenses, including
29 amortizable bond premiums, are deductible in determining federal taxable income;
30 (b) 1/2 of the net amount of any income tax paid or payable to the United States after all
31 allowable credits, as reported on the United States individual income tax return of the taxpayer for
1 the same taxable year;
2 (c) the amount of adoption expenses which, for purposes of this subsection, means any
3 actual medical and hospital expenses of the mother of the adopted child which are incident to the
4 child's birth and any welfare agency, child placement service, legal, and other fees or costs relating
5 to the adoption;
6 (d) amounts received by taxpayers under age 65 as retirement income which, for purposes
7 of this section, means pensions and annuities, paid from an annuity contract purchased by an
8 employer under a plan which meets the requirements of Section 404 (a)(2), Internal Revenue Code,
9 or purchased by an employee under a plan which meets the requirements of Section 408, Internal
10 Revenue Code, or paid by the United States, a state, or political subdivision thereof, or the District
11 of Columbia, to the employee involved or the surviving spouse;
12 (e) for each taxpayer age 65 or over before the close of the taxable year, a $7,500 personal
13 retirement exemption;
14 (f) 75% of the amount of the personal exemption, as defined and calculated in the Internal
15 Revenue Code, for each dependent child with a disability and adult with a disability who is
16 claimed as a dependent on a taxpayer's return;
17 (g) any amount included in federal taxable income that was received pursuant to any
18 federal law enacted in 1988 to provide reparation payments, as damages for human suffering, to
19 United States citizens and resident aliens of Japanese ancestry who were interned during World
20 War II;
21 (h) subject to the limitations of Subsection (3)(e), 60% of the amounts paid by the taxpayer
22 during the taxable year for health care insurance, as defined in Title 31A, Chapter 1, Insurance
23 Code, for the taxpayer, the taxpayer's spouse, and the taxpayer's dependents to the extent the
24 amounts paid for health insurance were not deductible under Sections 125, 162, or 213, Internal
25 Revenue Code, in determining federal taxable income;
26 (i) except as otherwise provided in this subsection, the amount of a contribution made in
27 the tax year on behalf of the taxpayer to a medical care savings account and interest earned on a
28 contribution to a medical care savings account established pursuant to Title 31A, Chapter 32,
29 Medical Care Savings Account Act, to the extent the contribution is accepted by the account
30 administrator as provided in the Medical Care Savings Account Act, and to the extent the
31 contribution amount is included in federal taxable income. A contribution deductible under this
1 subsection may not exceed either of the following:
2 (i) the maximum contribution allowed under the Medical Care Savings Account Act for
3 the tax year multiplied by two for taxpayers who file a joint return, if neither spouse is covered by
4 health care insurance as defined in Section 31A-1-301 or self-funded plan that covers the other
5 spouse, and each spouse has a medical care savings account; or
6 (ii) the maximum contribution allowed under the Medical Care Savings Account Act for
7 the tax year for taxpayers:
8 (A) who do not file a joint return; or
9 (B) who file a joint return, but do not qualify under Subsection (2)(i)(i); [
10 (j) the amount included in federal taxable income that was derived from money paid by
11 the taxpayer to the program fund and investment income earned on those payments under Title
12 53B, Chapter 8a, Higher Education Savings Incentive Program[
13 (k) the amount of the taxpayer's federal personal exemptions; and
14 (l) (i) the amount of the federal standard deduction claimed by the taxpayer for the taxable
15 year; or
16 (ii) the amount of the federal itemized deductions claimed by the taxpayer for the taxable
18 (3) (a) For purposes of Subsection (2)(d), the amount of retirement income subtracted for
19 taxpayers under 65 shall be the lesser of the amount included in federal taxable income, or $4,800,
20 except that:
21 (i) for married taxpayers filing joint returns, for each $1 of adjusted gross income earned
22 over $32,000, the amount of the retirement income exemption that may be subtracted shall be
23 reduced by 50 cents;
24 (ii) for married taxpayers filing separate returns, for each $1 of adjusted gross income
25 earned over $16,000, the amount of the retirement income exemption that may be subtracted shall
26 be reduced by 50 cents; and
27 (iii) for individual taxpayers, for each $1 of adjusted gross income earned over $25,000,
28 the amount of the retirement income exemption that may be subtracted shall be reduced by 50
30 (b) For purposes of Subsection (2)(e), the amount of the personal retirement exemption
31 shall be further reduced according to the following schedule:
1 (i) for married taxpayers filing joint returns, for each $1 of adjusted gross income earned
2 over $32,000, the amount of the personal retirement exemption shall be reduced by 50 cents;
3 (ii) for married taxpayers filing separate returns, for each $1 of adjusted gross income
4 earned over $16,000, the amount of the personal retirement exemption shall be reduced by 50
5 cents; and
6 (iii) for individual taxpayers, for each $1 of adjusted gross income earned over $25,000,
7 the amount of the personal retirement exemption shall be reduced by 50 cents.
8 (c) For purposes of Subsections (3)(a) and (b), adjusted gross income shall be calculated
9 by adding to federal adjusted gross income any interest income not otherwise included in federal
10 adjusted gross income.
11 (d) For purposes of determining ownership of items of retirement income common law
12 doctrine will be applied in all cases even though some items may have originated from service or
13 investments in a community property state. Amounts received by the spouse of a living retiree
14 because of the retiree's having been employed in a community property state are not deductible
15 as retirement income of such spouse.
16 (e) For purposes of Subsection (2)(h), a subtraction for an amount paid for health care
17 insurance as defined in Title 31A, Chapter 1, Insurance Code, is not allowed:
18 (i) for an amount that is reimbursed or funded in whole or in part by the federal
19 government, the state, or an agency or instrumentality of the federal government or the state; and
20 (ii) for a taxpayer who is eligible to participate in a health plan maintained and funded in
21 whole or in part by the taxpayer's employer or the taxpayer's spouse's employer.
22 Section 3. Section 59-10-116 is amended to read:
23 59-10-116. Tax on nonresident individual's state taxable income.
24 A tax is [
26 Section 59-10-104, [
27 resident tax [
28 Utah sources [
29 individual's total federal adjusted gross income for the same taxable year.
30 Section 4. Section 59-10-117 is amended to read:
31 59-10-117. Federal adjusted gross income derived from Utah sources.
1 (1) For the purpose of Section 59-10-116, federal adjusted gross income derived from Utah
2 sources [
4 (a) the ownership in this state of any interest in real or tangible personal property
5 (including real property or property rights from which "gross income from mining" as defined by
6 Section 613(c) of the Internal Revenue Code is derived); or
7 (b) the carrying on of a business, trade, profession, or occupation in this state.
8 (2) For the purposes of Subsection (1):
9 (a) Income from intangible personal property, including annuities, dividends, interest, and
10 gains from the disposition of intangible personal property shall constitute income derived from
11 Utah sources only to the extent that such income is from property employed in a trade, business,
12 profession, or occupation carried on in this state.
13 (b) Deductions with respect to capital losses, net long-term capital gains, and net operating
14 losses shall be based solely on income, gain, loss, and deduction connected with Utah sources,
15 under rules prescribed by the commission, but otherwise shall be determined in the same manner
16 as the corresponding federal deductions.
17 (c) Salaries, wages, commissions, and compensation for personal services rendered outside
18 this state shall not be considered to be derived from Utah sources.
19 (d) A nonresident shareholder's distributive share of ordinary income, gain, loss, and
20 deduction derived from or connected with Utah sources shall be determined under Section
22 (e) A nonresident, other than a dealer holding property primarily for sale to customers in
23 the ordinary course of his trade or business, shall not be considered to carry on a trade, business,
24 profession, or occupation in this state solely by reason of the purchase or sale of property for his
25 own account.
26 (f) If a trade, business, profession, or occupation is carried on partly within and partly
27 without this state, items of income, gain, loss, and deductions derived from or connected with Utah
28 sources shall be determined in accordance with the provisions of Section 59-10-118.
29 (g) A nonresident partner's distributive share of partnership income, gain, loss, and
30 deduction derived from or connected with Utah sources shall be determined under Section
1 (h) The share of a nonresident estate or trust and nonresident beneficiaries of any estate
2 or trust in income, gain, loss, and deduction derived from or connected with Utah sources shall be
3 determined under Section 59-10-207.
4 (i) Any dividend, interest, or distributive share of income, gain, or loss from a real estate
5 investment trust, as defined in Section 59-7-116.5, distributed or allocated to a nonresident
6 investor in the trust, including any shareholder, beneficiary, or owner of a beneficial interest in the
7 trust, shall be income from intangible personal property under Subsection (2)(a), and shall
8 constitute income derived from Utah sources only to the extent the nonresident investor is
9 employing its beneficial interest in the trust in a trade, business, profession, or occupation carried
10 on by the investor in this state.
11 Section 5. Retrospective operation.
12 This act has retrospective operation for taxable years beginning on or after January 1, 1997.
Legislative Review Note
as of 2-11-97 2:43 PM
A limited legal review of this bill raises no obvious constitutional or statutory concerns.
Office of Legislative Research and General Counsel
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