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H.B. 237






Sponsor: Blake D. Chard

             11      DATE.
             12      This act affects sections of Utah Code Annotated 1953 as follows:
             13      AMENDS:
             14          53-5-707, as last amended by Chapter 115, Laws of Utah 1996
             15          53-10-108, as renumbered and amended by Chapter 263, Laws of Utah 1998
             16          76-10-526, as last amended by Chapters 187 and 263, Laws of Utah 1998
             17          77-18-11, as last amended by Chapter 170, Laws of Utah 1998
             18          77-18-15, as last amended by Chapter 286, Laws of Utah 1995
             19      ENACTS:
             20          53-10-202.5, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             21      Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
             22          Section 1. Section 53-5-707 is amended to read:
             23           53-5-707. Permit -- Fees -- Disposition.
             24          (1) Each applicant for a permit shall pay a fee of [$35] $50 at the time of filing [his] an
             25      application.
             26          (2) The renewal fee for the permit is [$5] $25.
             27          (3) The replacement fee for the permit is $15.

             28          (4) The late fee for the renewal permit is $7.50.
             29          [(3)] (5) All fees shall promptly be deposited in the state treasury and credited to the
             30      General Fund.
             31          [(4)] (6) The division may collect any fees charged by an outside agency for additional
             32      services required by statute as a prerequisite for issuance of a permit. The division shall promptly
             33      forward any fees collected to the appropriate agency.
             34          Section 2. Section 53-10-108 is amended to read:
             35           53-10-108. Restrictions on access, use, and contents of division records -- Limited use
             36      of records for employment purposes -- Challenging accuracy of records -- Usage fees --
             37      Missing children records.
             38          (1) Dissemination of information from a criminal history record or warrant of arrest
             39      information from division files is limited to:
             40          (a) criminal justice agencies for purposes of administration of criminal justice and for
             41      employment screening by criminal justice agencies;
             42          (b) noncriminal justice agencies or individuals for any purpose authorized by statute,
             43      executive order, court rule, court order, or local ordinance;
             44          (c) agencies or individuals for the purpose of obtaining required clearances connected with
             45      foreign travel or obtaining citizenship;
             46          (d) (i) agencies or individuals pursuant to a specific agreement with a criminal justice
             47      agency to provide services required for the administration of criminal justice;
             48          (ii) the agreement shall specifically authorize access to data, limit the use of the data to
             49      purposes for which given, and ensure the security and confidentiality of the data;
             50          (e) agencies or individuals for the purpose of a preplacement adoptive study, in accordance
             51      with the requirements of Section 78-30-3.5 ;
             52          (f) (i) agencies and individuals as the commissioner authorizes for the express purpose of
             53      research, evaluative, or statistical activities pursuant to an agreement with a criminal justice
             54      agency; and
             55          (ii) private security agencies through guidelines established by the commissioner for
             56      employment background checks for their own employees and prospective employees;
             57          (g) a qualifying entity for employment background checks for their own employees and
             58      persons who have applied for employment with the qualifying entity; and

             59          (h) other agencies and individuals as the commissioner authorizes and finds necessary for
             60      protection of life and property and for offender identification, apprehension, and prosecution
             61      pursuant to an agreement.
             62          (2) An agreement under Subsection (1)(f) or (1)(h) shall specifically authorize access to
             63      data, limit the use of data to research, evaluative, or statistical purposes, preserve the anonymity
             64      of individuals to whom the information relates, and ensure the confidentiality and security of the
             65      data.
             66          (3) (a) Before requesting information under Subsection (1)(g), a qualifying entity must
             67      obtain a signed waiver from the person whose information is requested.
             68          (b) The waiver must notify the signee:
             69          (i) that a criminal history background check will be conducted;
             70          (ii) who will see the information; and
             71          (iii) how the information will be used.
             72          (c) Information received by a qualifying entity under Subsection (1)(g), may only be:
             73          (i) available to persons involved in the hiring or background investigation of the employee;
             74      and
             75          (ii) used for the purpose of assisting in making an employment or promotion decision.
             76          (d) A person who disseminates or uses information obtained from the division under
             77      Subsection (1)(g) for purposes other than those specified under Subsection (3)(c), in addition to
             78      any penalties provided under this section, is subject to civil liability.
             79          (e) A qualifying entity that obtains information under Subsection (1)(g) shall provide the
             80      employee or employment applicant an opportunity to:
             81          (i) review the information received as provided under Subsection (8); and
             82          (ii) respond to any information received.
             83          (f) In accordance with Title 63, Chapter 46a, Utah Administrative Rulemaking Act, the
             84      division may make rules to implement this Subsection (3).
             85          (g) (i) The [division shall establish fees, as provided under Section 63-38-3.2 , for
             86      providing information to a qualifying entity under Subsection (1)(g)] applicant fingerprint card fee
             87      under Subsection (1)(g) is $15.
             88          (ii) The name check fee under Subsection (1)(g) is $10.
             89          (iii) These fees remain in effect until changed by the division through the process under

             90      Section 63-38-3.2 .
             91          [(ii)] (iv) Funds generated under [Subsection] Subsections (3)(g)(i), (3)(g)(ii), and (8)(b)
             92      [may] shall be [used] deposited in the General Fund as a dedicated credit by the department [as a
             93      dedicated credit] to cover the costs incurred in providing the information.
             94          (h) The division or its employees are not liable for defamation, invasion of privacy,
             95      negligence, or any other claim in connection with the contents of information disseminated under
             96      Subsection (1)(g).
             97          (4) Any criminal history record information obtained from division files may be used only
             98      for the purposes for which it was provided and may not be further disseminated.
             99          (5) If an individual has no prior criminal convictions, criminal history record information
             100      contained in the division's computerized criminal history files may not include arrest or disposition
             101      data concerning an individual who has been acquitted, his charges dismissed, or when no
             102      complaint against him has been filed.
             103          (6) (a) This section does not preclude the use of the division's central computing facilities
             104      for the storage and retrieval of criminal history record information.
             105          (b) This information shall be stored so it cannot be modified, destroyed, or accessed by
             106      unauthorized agencies or individuals.
             107          (7) Direct access through remote computer terminals to criminal history record information
             108      in the division's files is limited to those agencies authorized by the commissioner under
             109      procedures designed to prevent unauthorized access to this information.
             110          (8) (a) The commissioner shall establish[: (i)] procedures to allow an individual right of
             111      access to review his criminal history record information[; and].
             112          [(ii) a] (b) A processing fee [under Section 63-38-3.2 ] for the [services] right of access
             113      service under Subsection (8)(a) is $15. This fee remains in effect until changed by the
             114      commissioner through the process under Section 63-38-3.2 .
             115          [(b)] (c) (i) The commissioner shall establish procedures for an individual to challenge the
             116      completeness and accuracy of criminal history record information contained in the division's
             117      computerized criminal history files regarding that individual.
             118          (ii) These procedures shall include provisions for amending any information found to be
             119      inaccurate or incomplete.
             120          (9) The private security agencies as provided in Subsection (1)(f)(ii):

             121          (a) shall be charged for access; and
             122          (b) shall be registered with the division according to rules made by the division under Title
             123      63, Chapter 46a, Utah Administrative Rulemaking Act.
             124          (10) Before providing information requested under this section, the division shall give
             125      priority to criminal justice agencies needs.
             126          (11) (a) Misuse of access to criminal history record information is a class B misdemeanor.
             127          (b) The commissioner shall be informed of the misuse.
             128          Section 3. Section 53-10-202.5 is enacted to read:
             129          53-10-202.5. Bureau services -- Fees.
             130          The bureau shall collect fees for the following services:
             131          (1) applicant fingerprint card as determined by Section 53-10-108 ;
             132          (2) bail enforcement licensing as determined by Section 53-11-115 ;
             133          (3) concealed firearm permit as determined by Section 53-5-707 ;
             134          (4) expungement certificate of eligibility as determined by Section 77-18-11 ;
             135          (5) firearm purchase background check as determined by Section 76-10-526 ;
             136          (6) name check as determined by Section 53-10-108 ;
             137          (7) private investigator licensing as determined by Section 53-9-111 ; and
             138          (8) right of access as determined by Section 53-10-108 .
             139          Section 4. Section 76-10-526 is amended to read:
             140           76-10-526. Criminal background check prior to purchase of a firearm -- Fee --
             141      Exemption for concealed firearm permit holders.
             142          (1) A criminal background check required by this section shall only apply to the purchase
             143      of a handgun until federal law requires the background check to extend to other firearms.
             144          (2) At the time that federal law extends the criminal background check requirement to
             145      other firearms, the division shall make rules to extend the background checks required under this
             146      section to the other firearms.
             147          (3) For purposes of this section, "valid permit to carry a concealed firearm" does not
             148      include a temporary permit issued pursuant to Section 53-5-705 .
             149          (4) To establish personal identification and residence in this state for purposes of this part,
             150      a dealer shall require any person receiving a firearm to present:
             151          (a) one photo identification on a form issued by a governmental agency of the state; and

             152          (b) one other documentation of residence which must show an address identical to that
             153      shown on the photo identification form.
             154          (5) A criminal history background check is required for the sale of a firearm by a licensed
             155      firearm dealer in the state.
             156          (6) Any person, except a dealer, purchasing a firearm from a dealer shall consent in writing
             157      to a criminal background check, on a form provided by the division. The form shall also contain
             158      the following information:
             159          (a) the dealer identification number;
             160          (b) the name and address of the person receiving the firearm;
             161          (c) the date of birth, height, weight, eye color, and hair color of the person receiving the
             162      firearm; and
             163          (d) the Social Security number or any other identification number of the person receiving
             164      the firearm.
             165          (7) (a) The dealer shall send the form required by Subsection (6) to the division
             166      immediately upon its completion.
             167          (b) No dealer shall sell or transfer any firearm to any person until the dealer has provided
             168      the division with the information in Subsection (6) and has received approval from the division
             169      under Subsection (8).
             170          (8) The dealer shall make a request for criminal history background information by
             171      telephone or other electronic means to the division and shall receive approval or denial of the
             172      inquiry by telephone or other electronic means.
             173          (9) When the dealer [calls for] requests a criminal history background check, the division
             174      shall:
             175          (a) review the criminal history files to determine if the person is prohibited from
             176      purchasing, possessing, or transferring a firearm by state or federal law;
             177          (b) inform the dealer that:
             178          (i) the criminal record indicates the person is so prohibited; or
             179          (ii) the person is approved for purchasing, possessing, or transferring a firearm;
             180          (c) provide the dealer with a unique transaction number for that inquiry; and
             181          (d) provide a response to the requesting dealer [during the call for a criminal background,
             182      or by return call] without delay, except in case of electronic failure or other circumstances beyond

             183      the control of the division, the division shall advise the dealer of the reason for such delay and give
             184      the dealer an estimate of the length of such delay.
             185          (10) The division shall not maintain any records of the criminal history background check
             186      longer than 20 days from the date of the dealer's request if the division determines that the person
             187      receiving the gun is not prohibited from purchasing, possessing, or transferring the firearm under
             188      state or federal law. However, the division shall maintain a log of requests containing the dealer's
             189      federal firearms number, the transaction number, and the transaction date for a period of 12
             190      months.
             191          (11) If the criminal history background check discloses information indicating that the
             192      person [receiving] attempting to purchase the firearm is [prohibited from purchasing, possessing,
             193      or transferring a firearm] wanted by law enforcement, the division shall inform the [chief] law
             194      enforcement [officer] agency in the jurisdiction [where the person resides] of the attempted
             195      purchase.
             196          (12) If a person is denied the right to purchase a firearm under this section, the person may
             197      review his criminal history information and may challenge or amend the information as provided
             198      in Section 53-10-108 .
             199          (13) The division shall make rules as provided in Title 63, Chapter 46a, Utah
             200      Administrative Rulemaking Act, to ensure the identity, confidentiality, and security of all records
             201      provided by the division pursuant to this part are in conformance with the requirements of the
             202      Brady Handgun Violence Prevention Act, Pub. L. No. 103-159, 107 Stat. 1536 (1993).
             203          (14) (a) [All dealers shall collect a fee established by the division in accordance with
             204      Section 63-38-3.2 for every] The criminal history background check [done pursuant to this part.
             205      Until changed by the division through this process, the] fee [shall be $7.50] is $15. This fee
             206      remains in effect until changed by the division through the process under Section 63-38-3.2 .
             207          (b) The dealer shall forward at one time all fees collected for criminal history background
             208      checks performed during the month to the division by the last day of the month following the sale
             209      of a firearm. The division [may retain] shall deposit the fees in the General Fund as dedicated
             210      credits to cover the cost of administering and conducting the criminal history background check
             211      program.
             212          (15) A person with a concealed firearm permit issued pursuant to Title 53, Chapter 5, Part
             213      7, Concealed Weapon Act, shall be exempt from the background check and corresponding fee

             214      required in this section for the purchase of a firearm if:
             215          (a) the person presents his concealed firearm permit to the dealer prior to purchase of the
             216      firearm; and
             217          (b) the dealer verifies with the division that the person's concealed firearm permit is valid.
             218          Section 5. Section 77-18-11 is amended to read:
             219           77-18-11. Petition -- Expungement of conviction -- Certificate of eligibility -- Fee --
             220      Notice -- Written evaluation -- Objections -- Hearing.
             221          (1) A person convicted of a crime may petition the convicting court for an expungement
             222      of the record of conviction.
             223          (2) (a) The court shall require receipt of a certificate of eligibility issued by the division
             224      under Section 77-18-12 .
             225          (b) The fee for each certificate of eligibility is $25. This fee remains in effect until
             226      changed by the division through the process under Section 63-38-3.2 .
             227          (c) Funds generated under Subsection (2)(b) shall be deposited in the General Fund as a
             228      dedicated credit by the department to cover the costs incurred in providing the information.
             229          (3) The petition and certificate of eligibility shall be filed with the court and served upon
             230      the prosecuting attorney and the Department of Corrections.
             231          (4) A victim shall receive notice of a petition for expungement if, prior to the entry of an
             232      expungement order, the victim or, in the case of a minor or a person who is incapacitated or
             233      deceased, the victim's next of kin or authorized representative, submits a written and signed
             234      request for notice to the office of the Department of Corrections in the judicial district in which
             235      the crime occurred or judgment was entered.
             236          (5) The Department of Corrections shall serve notice of the expungement request by
             237      first-class mail to the victim at the most recent address of record on file with the department. The
             238      notice shall include a copy of the petition, certificate of eligibility, and statutes and rules applicable
             239      to the petition.
             240          (6) The court in its discretion may request a written evaluation by Adult Parole and
             241      Probation of the Department of Corrections.
             242          (a) The evaluation shall include a recommendation concerning the petition for
             243      expungement.
             244          (b) If expungement is recommended, the evaluation shall include certification that the

             245      petitioner has completed all requirements of sentencing and probation or parole and state any
             246      rationale that would support or refute consideration for expungement.
             247          (c) The conclusions and recommendations contained in the evaluation shall be provided
             248      to the petitioner and the prosecuting attorney.
             249          (7) If the prosecuting attorney or a victim submits a written objection to the court
             250      concerning the petition within 30 days after service of the notice, or if the petitioner objects to the
             251      conclusions and recommendations in the evaluation within 15 days after receipt of the conclusions
             252      and recommendations, the court shall set a date for a hearing and notify the prosecuting attorney
             253      for the jurisdiction, the petitioner, and the victim of the date set for the hearing.
             254          (8) Any person who has relevant information about the petitioner may testify at the
             255      hearing.
             256          (9) The prosecuting attorney may respond to the court with a recommendation or objection
             257      within 30 days.
             258          (10) If an objection is not received under Subsection (7), the expungement may be granted
             259      without a hearing.
             260          (11) A court may not expunge a conviction of a:
             261          (a) capital felony;
             262          (b) first degree felony;
             263          (c) second degree forcible felony; or
             264          (d) any sexual act against a minor.
             265          Section 6. Section 77-18-15 is amended to read:
             266           77-18-15. Retention of expunged records -- Agencies.
             267          (1) The division shall keep, index, and maintain all expunged records of arrests and
             268      convictions.
             269          [(2) The division may charge a petitioner a reasonable fee for processing an expungement
             270      order under Section 63-38-3 .]
             271          [(3)] (2) Employees of the division may not divulge any information contained in its index
             272      to any person or agency without a court order, except to the following:
             273          (a) the Board of Pardons and Parole;
             274          (b) the Peace Officer Standards and Training;
             275          (c) federal authorities, unless prohibited by federal law;

             276          (d) the Division of Occupational and Professional Licensing; and
             277          (e) the State Office of Education.
             278          [(4)] (3) The division may also use the information in its index for the purpose of
             279      establishing good character for issuance of a concealed firearm permit as provided in Section
             280      53-5-704 .
             281          [(5)] (4) A person whose records are released under Subsection [(3)] (2) shall be given a
             282      reasonable opportunity by the recipient agency to challenge and explain any information in the
             283      records and to challenge the relevancy of that information before a final determination is made by
             284      the agency.
             285          [(6)] (5) A court may permit inspection or release of an expunged record only upon
             286      petition by the person who is the subject of the record and only to the persons named in the
             287      petition.
             288          [(7)] (6) (a) For judicial sentencing, a court may order any records sealed under this section
             289      to be opened and admitted into evidence.
             290          (b) The records are confidential and are available for inspection only by the court, parties,
             291      counsel for the parties, and any other person who is authorized by the court to inspect them.
             292          (c) At the end of the action or proceeding, the court shall order the records sealed again.
             293          [(8)] (7) Records released under this section are classified as protected under [Subsection]
             294      Section 63-2-304 [(8)] and are accessible only as provided under Title 63, Chapter 2, Part 2, Access
             295      to Records.
             296          Section 7. Effective date.
             297          This act takes effect on July 1, 1999.

Legislative Review Note
    as of 1-13-99 9:44 AM

A limited legal review of this legislation raises no obvious constitutional or statutory concerns.

Office of Legislative Research and General Counsel

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