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5 AN ACT RELATING TO FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS; DEFINING TERMS; EXEMPTING
6 DEPOSITARY INSTITUTIONS FROM REGULATION OF SERVICE CHARGES FOR
7 DISHONORED CHECKS; ELIMINATING THE CAP ON DELINQUENCY CHARGES IN
8 CERTAIN CIRCUMSTANCES; ALLOWING FOR CERTAIN PREPAYMENT PENALTIES;
9 AND MAKING TECHNICAL CORRECTIONS.
10 This act affects sections of Utah Code Annotated 1953 as follows:
12 7-15-1, as last amended by Chapter 245, Laws of Utah 1997
13 7-15-2, as last amended by Chapter 245, Laws of Utah 1997
14 70C-1-302, as enacted by Chapter 159, Laws of Utah 1985
15 70C-2-102, as last amended by Chapter 273, Laws of Utah 1998
16 70C-3-101, as last amended by Chapter 20, Laws of Utah 1995
17 Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
18 Section 1. Section 7-15-1 is amended to read:
19 7-15-1. Civil liability of issuer -- Notice of action -- Collection costs.
20 (1) Any person who makes, draws, signs, or issues any check, draft, order, or other
21 instrument upon any depository institution, whether as corporate agent or otherwise, for the
22 purpose of obtaining from any person, firm, partnership, or corporation any money, merchandise,
23 property, or other thing of value or paying for any service, wages, salary, or rent is liable to the
24 holder of the check, draft, order, or other instrument if:
25 (a) the check, draft, order, or other instrument:
26 (i) is not honored upon presentment; and
27 (ii) is marked "refer to maker"; or
28 (b) the account upon which the check, draft, order, or other instrument has been made or
30 (i) does not exist;
31 (ii) has been closed; or
32 (iii) does not have sufficient funds or sufficient credit for payment in full of the check,
33 draft, or other instrument.
34 (2) (a) [
35 or other instrument that has been dishonored may:
36 (i) give written or verbal notice of dishonor to the person making, drawing, signing, or
37 issuing the check, draft, order, or other instrument; and
38 (ii) impose a service charge that may not exceed $20.
39 (b) Notwithstanding Subsection (2)(a), a holder of a check, draft, order, or other instrument
40 that has been dishonored may not charge the service charge permitted under Subsection (2)(a) if:
41 (i) the holder redeposits the check, draft, order, or other instrument; and
42 (ii) that check, draft, order, or other instrument is honored.
43 (c) A holder of a check, draft, order, or other instrument that is dishonored is not subject
44 to this Subsection (2) if:
45 (i) the holder:
46 (A) is a depository institution; or
47 (B) a person that receives a payment on behalf of a depository institution;
48 (ii) the check, draft, order, or other instrument is a payment on a loan that originated at the
49 depository institution that:
50 (A) is the holder; or
51 (B) on behalf of which the holder received the payment; and
52 (iii) the loan contract states a specific service charge for dishonor.
53 (3) Prior to filing an action based upon this section, the holder of a dishonored check, draft,
54 order, or other instrument shall give the person making, drawing, signing, or issuing the
55 dishonored check, draft, order, or other instrument written notice of intent to file civil action,
56 allowing the person seven days from the date on which the notice was mailed to tender payment
57 in full, plus the service charge imposed for the dishonored check, draft, order, or other instrument.
58 (4) In a civil action, the person making, drawing, signing, or issuing the check, draft, order,
59 or other instrument is liable to the holder for:
60 (a) the amount of the check, draft, order, or other instrument;
61 (b) interest; and
62 (c) all costs of collection, including all court costs and reasonable attorneys' fees.
63 (5) As used in this section, "costs of collection" includes reasonable compensation, as
64 approved by the court, for time expended if the collection is pursued personally by the holder and
65 not through an agent.
66 Section 2. Section 7-15-2 is amended to read:
67 7-15-2. Notice -- Form.
68 (1) (a) "Notice" means notice given to the person making, drawing, or issuing the check,
69 draft, order, or other instrument either in person or in writing.
70 (b) A written notice is conclusively presumed to have been given when properly deposited
71 in the United States mails, postage prepaid, by certified or registered mail, return receipt requested,
72 and addressed to the signer at the signer's address as it appears on the check, draft, order, or other
73 instrument or at the signer's last-known address.
74 (2) Written notice as applied in Subsection 7-15-1 (3) shall take substantially the following
76 Date: ____
77 To: _____
78 You are hereby notified that the check(s) described below issued by you has (have) been
79 returned to us unpaid:
80 Instrument date: ____
81 Instrument number: ____
82 Originating institution: ____
83 Amount: ____
84 Reason for dishonor (marked on instrument): ____
85 This instrument, together with a service charge of $20 must be paid to the undersigned
86 within seven days from the date of this notice in accordance with Section 7-15-1 , Utah Code
87 Annotated, or appropriate civil legal action may be filed against you for the amount due and owing
88 together with interest, court costs, attorneys' fees, and actual costs of collection as provided by law.
89 In addition, the criminal code provides in Section 76-6-505 , Utah Code Annotated, that any
90 person who issues or passes a check for the payment of money, for the purpose of obtaining from
91 any person, firm, partnership, or corporation, any money, property, or other thing of value or
92 paying for any services, wages, salary, labor, or rent, knowing it will not be paid by the drawee and
93 payment is refused by the drawee, is guilty of issuing a bad check.
94 The civil action referred to in this notice does not preclude the right to prosecute under the
95 criminal code of the state [
96 (Signed) _____________________________________________________________
97 Name of Holder: _______________________________________________________
98 Address of Holder: _____________________________________________________
99 Telephone Number: ____________________________________________________
100 (3) Notwithstanding Subsection (2), if a holder is exempted from Subsection 7-15-1 (2)(a)
101 under Subsection 7-15-1 (2)(c), the notice shall refer to the service charge imposed under the loan
103 Section 3. Section 70C-1-302 is amended to read:
104 70C-1-302. Definitions.
105 (1) As used in this title:
107 or otherwise as found in the parties' language or by implication from other circumstances,
109 (i) course of dealing[
110 (ii) usage of trade[
111 (iii) course of performance.
116 (A) who regularly extends consumer credit that is subject to a finance charge or is payable
117 by written agreement in more than four installments, not including a down payment[
118 (B) to whom the obligation is initially payable, either on the face of the note or contract,
119 or by agreement when there is no note or contract[
125 (A) open-end credit; or
126 (B) credit that is:
127 (I) not subject to a finance charge; and [
128 (II) payable by written agreement in more than four installments; and
130 (A) subject to a finance charge; or [
131 (B) payable by written agreement in more than four installments.
132 (d) "Depository institution" has the same meaning as in Section 7-1-103 .
134 individual's account for personal services rendered or to be rendered by [
135 whether denominated as wages, salary, commission, bonus, or otherwise, and includes periodic
136 payments pursuant to a pension, retirement, or disability program.
138 each of which is:
139 (i) less than the original amount of the debt [
140 (ii) scheduled as to a specific amount and due date by agreement of the parties; and
141 (iii) for the purpose of repaying the debt.
143 entering into a binding contract.
144 (h) "Prepayment" or "prepay" means a payment:
145 (i) of the total amount of indebtedness or a substantial portion of that indebtedness owed
146 under a contract, except late payment penalties if incurred or charged; and
147 (ii) on a date before the sooner of the date:
148 (A) specified in the contract on which the indebtedness paid is due under the contract; or
149 (B) on which all payments, if timely made, shall have been made.
150 (2) (a) For purposes of Subsection (1)(c)(i), a party is considered to extend consumer credit
151 regularly only if during the preceding calendar year that party extends credit:
152 (i) more than 25 times; or
153 (ii) more than five times for transactions secured by a dwelling.
154 (b) If a person did not meet the numerical standards under Subsection (2)(a) in the
155 preceding calendar year, the numerical standards shall be applied to the current calendar year.
156 Section 4. Section 70C-2-102 is amended to read:
157 70C-2-102. Delinquency charges.
158 (1) (a) The parties to any consumer credit agreement may contract for a delinquency charge
159 on any installment not paid in full by its scheduled due date in an amount not exceeding the greater
161 (i) $30; or
162 (ii) 5% of the delinquent unpaid amount of the installment.
163 (b) Notwithstanding Subsection (1)(a), in a contract, renewed, executed, or modified on
164 or after May 3, 1999, a depository institution may contract for and collect a delinquency charge
165 on an installment not paid in full by its scheduled due date in excess of the limitation imposed
166 under Subsection (1)(a).
167 (2) This section may not be interpreted to require a creditor to accept a partial payment for
168 an installment.
170 on each installment[
171 (b) A delinquency charge may not be collected if:
172 (i) the installment has been deferred; and
173 (ii) a deferral charge under Section 70C-2-103 has been paid or incurred.
174 (c) A delinquency charge may be collected:
175 (i) at the time it accrues; or [
176 (ii) any time [
177 Section 5. Section 70C-3-101 is amended to read:
178 70C-3-101. Prepayment of debt.
179 (1) Subject to the other provisions of this section, a debtor may prepay the unpaid balance
180 of a closed-end consumer credit debt at any time without penalty.
181 (2) For purposes of this section:
182 (a) [
183 consist only of:
184 (i) any unpaid earned finance charge[
185 (ii) the unpaid principal of the debt[
186 (iii) any delinquency or deferral charge that may be assessed:
187 (A) prior to prepayment; or
188 (B) at the time of prepayment; and
189 (iv) other allowable charges that may have been assessed prior to prepayment[
190 (b) (i) [
191 unpaid principal shall be calculated only by the actuarial or United States Rule method from the
192 date the credit is first extended to the debtor[
193 (ii) the creditor may accrue finance charges during any delay period pertaining to a right
194 of rescission[
195 (c) (i) [
196 of the debt which the parties expressly agree is nonrefundable in the event of prepayment shall be
197 fully earned on the date the credit is extended[
198 (ii) any prepaid finance charges in addition to the prepaid finance charge described in
199 Subsection (2)(c)(i):
200 (A) are [
202 (B) in that event of prepayment, any unearned portion of [
204 (I) calculated on a pro rata basis according to the remaining term of the agreement[
206 (II) rebated[
207 (d) [
208 credit are not subject to rebate unless the creditor becomes entitled to a rebate of any part of the
209 cost, charge, or fee as a result of the prepayment.
210 (3) (a) If the maturity of a closed-end consumer credit debt is accelerated for any reason
211 and judgment is obtained, the debtor is entitled to have the unpaid balance of the debt calculated,
213 any legal offset.
214 (b) Interest on the judgment shall be the rate agreed on by the parties with respect to the
216 (4) The provisions of this section for calculating the unpaid balance of a debt apply to all
217 prepayments of closed-end consumer credit debts after September 1, 1985, unless a different
218 method for calculating the unpaid balance on prepayment is expressly provided for in a consumer
219 credit contract which was:
220 (a) entered into prior to July 1, 1985[
221 (b) lawful when made.
222 (5) (a) In a contract executed, renewed, or modified on or after May 3, 1999, and subject
223 to Subsections (5)(b), (c), and (d), the creditor and debtor of a closed-end consumer credit debt
224 may contract for a prepayment penalty if:
225 (i) the prepayment penalty only applies if the debtor prepays:
226 (A) within three years after the date of the contract; and
227 (B) more than 50% of the total amount owed under the contract at the time of the
229 (ii) the initial term of the contract is not less than seven years;
230 (iii) the contract is for an initial principal amount of not less than $5,000;
231 (iv) the creditor discloses to the debtor the option to obtain credit without a prepayment
232 penalty at a higher annual percentage rate before the credit is extended; and
233 (v) the creditor offers to extend credit without a prepayment penalty:
234 (A) in the same principal amount as the extension of credit with the prepayment penalty;
235 (B) at an annual percentage rate finance charge that is greater than the annual percentage
236 rate finance charge offered on the extension of credit with the prepayment penalty; and
237 (C) except for the annual percentage rate finance charge, upon the same terms and
238 conditions as the extension of credit with the prepayment penalty.
239 (b) (i) The amount of a prepayment penalty allowed under Subsection (5)(a) may not
240 exceed an amount equal to six months interest calculated:
241 (A) based on the average balance for the six months before the date of prepayment; and
242 (B) at the rate of interest designated in the contract.
243 (ii) Notwithstanding Subsection (5)(b)(i), if the prepayment occurs before the expiration
244 of six months from the date the contract was executed, the prepayment charge may be calculated
245 based on the average balance from the date the contract was executed.
246 (c) Any provision in a contract related to a prepayment penalty shall be printed in the credit
247 contract in:
248 (i) bold type; and
249 (ii) no smaller than 10 point font.
250 (d) (i) A creditor may not collect a prepayment penalty if the debtor refinances a closed
251 end credit debt with:
252 (A) the creditor that first extends the credit;
253 (B) the owner of the debt receivable at the time the debt is refinanced; or
254 (C) an affiliate of an entity described in Subsection (5)(d)(i)(A) or (B).
255 (ii) For purposes of this Subsection (5)(d), "affiliate" means any entity:
256 (A) owned or controlled by the same party;
257 (B) that owns or controls:
258 (I) the creditor that first extends the credit; or
259 (II) the owner of the debt receivable at the time the debt is refinanced; or
260 (C) that is owned or controlled by:
261 (I) the creditor that first extends the credit; or
262 (II) the owner of the debt receivable at the time the debt is refinanced.
Legislative Review Note
as of 1-22-99 9:07 AM
A limited legal review of this legislation raises no obvious constitutional or statutory concerns.