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Second Substitute S.B. 122

Senator Michael G. Waddoups proposes to substitute the following bill:




Sponsor: Michael G. Waddoups

             19      This act affects sections of Utah Code Annotated 1953 as follows:
             20      AMENDS:
             21          53-5-704, as last amended by Chapters 13, 187 and 404, Laws of Utah 1998
             22          53-5-710, as enacted by Chapter 117, Laws of Utah 1997
             23          76-10-501, as last amended by Chapter 263, Laws of Utah 1998
             24      ENACTS:
             25          53-12-301.1, Utah Code Annotated 1953

             26          63-55b-153, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             27          63-55b-176, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             28          76-10-530, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             29          76-10-531, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             30      Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
             31          Section 1. Section 53-5-704 is amended to read:
             32           53-5-704. Division duties -- Permit to carry concealed firearm -- Requirements for
             33      issuance -- Violation -- Denial, suspension, or revocation -- Appeal procedure.
             34          (1) The division or its designated agent shall issue a permit to carry a concealed firearm
             35      for lawful self defense to an applicant who is 21 years of age or older within 60 days after
             36      receiving an application and upon proof that the person applying is of good character. The permit
             37      is valid throughout the state, without restriction except as provided by Section 53-5-710 :
             38          (a) for two years; or
             39          (b) for five years for permits issued or renewed on or after May 1, 1998.
             40          (2) An applicant satisfactorily demonstrates good character if he:
             41          (a) has not been convicted of a felony;
             42          (b) has not been convicted of any crime of violence;
             43          (c) has not been convicted of any offenses involving the use of alcohol;
             44          (d) has not been convicted of any offense involving the unlawful use of narcotics or other
             45      controlled substances;
             46          (e) has not been convicted of any offenses involving moral turpitude;
             47          (f) has not been convicted of any offense involving domestic violence;
             48          (g) has not been adjudicated by a court of a state or of the United States as mentally
             49      incompetent, unless the adjudication has been withdrawn or reversed;
             50          (h) is qualified to purchase and possess a dangerous weapon and a handgun pursuant to
             51      Section 76-10-503 and federal law.
             52          (3) (a) The division may deny, suspend, or revoke a concealed firearm permit if the
             53      licensing authority has reasonable cause to believe that the applicant has been or is a danger to self
             54      or others as demonstrated by evidence including, but not limited to:
             55          (i) past pattern of behavior involving unlawful violence or threats of unlawful violence;
             56          (ii) past participation in incidents involving unlawful violence or threats of unlawful

             57      violence; or
             58          (iii) conviction of any offense in violation of Title 76, Chapter 10, Part 5, Weapons.
             59          (b) The division may not deny, suspend, or revoke a concealed firearm permit solely for
             60      a single conviction for an infraction violation of Title 76, Chapter 10, Part 5, Weapons.
             61          [(b)] (c) In determining whether the applicant has been or is a danger to self or others, the
             62      division may inspect:
             63          (i) expunged records of arrests and convictions of adults as provided in Section 77-18-15 ;
             64      and
             65          (ii) juvenile court records as provided in Section 78-3a-206 .
             66          [(c)] (d) (i) If a person granted a permit under this part has been charged with a crime of
             67      violence in Utah or any other state, the division shall suspend the permit.
             68          (ii) Upon notice of the acquittal of the person charged, or notice of the charges having been
             69      dropped, the division shall immediately reinstate the suspended permit.
             70          (4) A former peace officer who departs full-time employment as a peace officer, in an
             71      honorable manner, shall be issued a concealed firearm permit within five years of that departure
             72      if the officer meets the requirements of this section.
             73          (5) In assessing good character under Subsection (2), the licensing authority shall consider
             74      mitigating circumstances.
             75          (6) The licensing authority shall also require the applicant to provide:
             76          (a) letters of character reference;
             77          (b) two recent dated photographs;
             78          (c) two sets of fingerprints;
             79          (d) a five-year employment history;
             80          (e) a five-year residential history; and
             81          (f) evidence of general familiarity with the types of firearms to be concealed as defined in
             82      Subsection (7).
             83          (7) (a) General familiarity with the types of firearms to be concealed includes training in:
             84          (i) the safe loading, unloading, storage, and carrying of the types of firearms to be
             85      concealed; and
             86          (ii) current laws defining lawful use of a firearm by a private citizen, including lawful
             87      self-defense, use of deadly force, transportation, and concealment.

             88          (b) Evidence of general familiarity with the types of firearms to be concealed may be
             89      satisfied by one of the following:
             90          (i) completion of a course of instruction conducted by any national, state, or local firearms
             91      training organization approved by the division;
             92          (ii) certification of general familiarity by a person who has been approved by the division,
             93      which may include a law enforcement officer, military or civilian firearms instructor, or hunter
             94      safety instructor; or
             95          (iii) equivalent experience with a firearm through participation in an organized shooting
             96      competition, law enforcement, or military service.
             97          (8) In issuing a permit under this part, the licensing authority is not vicariously liable for
             98      damages caused by the permit holder.
             99          (9) If any person knowingly and willfully provides false information on an application
             100      filed under this part, he is guilty of a class B misdemeanor, and his application may be denied, or
             101      his permit may be suspended or revoked.
             102          (10) (a) In the event of a denial, suspension, or revocation by the agency, the applicant may
             103      file a petition for review with the board within 60 days from the date the denial, suspension, or
             104      revocation is received by the applicant by certified mail, return receipt requested.
             105          (b) The denial of a permit shall be in writing and shall include the general reasons for the
             106      action.
             107          (c) If an applicant appeals his denial to the review board, the applicant may have access
             108      to the evidence upon which the denial is based in accordance with Title 63, Chapter 2, Government
             109      Records Access and Management Act.
             110          (d) On appeal to the board, the agency shall have the burden of proof by a preponderance
             111      of the evidence.
             112          (e) Upon a ruling by the board on the appeal of a denial, the division shall issue a final
             113      order within 30 days stating the board's decision. The final order shall be in the form prescribed
             114      by Subsection 63-46b-5 (1)(i). The final order is final agency action for purposes of judicial review
             115      under Section 63-46b-15 .
             116          (11) The commissioner may make rules in accordance with Title 63, Chapter 46a, Utah
             117      Administrative Rulemaking Act, necessary to administer this chapter.
             118          Section 2. Section 53-5-710 is amended to read:

             119           53-5-710. Cross-references to concealed firearm permit restrictions.
             120          A person with a permit to carry a concealed firearm may not carry a concealed firearm in
             121      the following locations:
             122          (1) any secure area prescribed in Section 76-10-523.5 in which firearms are prohibited and
             123      notice of the prohibition posted; [and]
             124          (2) in any airport secure area as provided in Section 76-10-529 ;
             125          (3) in any house of worship or in any private residence where dangerous weapons are
             126      prohibited as provided in Section 76-10-530 ; or
             127          (4) at an Olympic venue secure area in violation of Section 76-10-531 .
             128          Section 3. Section 53-12-301.1 is enacted to read:
             129          53-12-301.1. Olympic venue secure areas -- Rulemaking authority ---- Notice --
             130      Responsibilities -- Liability.
             131          (1) In accordance with Title 63, Chapter 46a, Utah Administrative Rulemaking Act, the
             132      Olympic law enforcement commander designated in Section 53-12-301 shall make rules:
             133          (a) designating the locations of secure areas within Olympic venues where a firearm,
             134      ammunition, dangerous weapon, or explosive, chemical, or incendiary device is prohibited
             135      between January 25, 2002, and April 1, 2002;
             136          (b) providing notice that a reasonable person would understand regarding:
             137          (i) the locations of the Olympic venue secure areas where the items in Subsection (1)(a)
             138      are prohibited;
             139          (ii) the locations of public access entrances and exits to the Olympic venue secure areas;
             140      and
             141          (iii) the locations of secure weapons storage areas;
             142          (iv) the penalty for violating Section 76-10-531 , restriction of dangerous weapons in
             143      Olympic venue secure areas; and
             144          (c) designating persons authorized to carry weapons into Olympic venues, including those
             145      persons exempted by Subsection 76-10-523 (1).
             146          (2) The notice in Subsection (1)(b) shall include:
             147          (a) written notice provided to a person at the time the person receives tickets to events at
             148      Olympic venue secure areas; and
             149          (b) at least one notice prominently displayed at each entrance to every Olympic venue

             150      secure area in which a dangerous weapon or explosive is prohibited.
             151          (3) The Olympic law enforcement commander:
             152          (a) shall use reasonable means, which may include mechanical, electronic, x-ray, or any
             153      other device to detect dangerous weapons or explosives concealed in or upon the person of any
             154      individual attempting to enter an Olympic venue secure area;
             155          (b) may provide secure weapons storage areas so that persons may store their weapons
             156      prior to entering an Olympic venue secure area; and
             157          (c) shall provide instructions to personnel operating an Olympic venue secure area that,
             158      upon discovery of a firearm possessed by a person licensed to carry a concealed firearm, the
             159      personnel may:
             160          (i) require the person to deliver the firearm to a secure weapons storage area permitted by
             161      Subsection (3)(b); or
             162          (ii) require the person to exit the Olympic venue secure area.
             163          (4) A cause of action may be maintained against the state for any injury where an
             164      individual can establish by clear and convincing evidence that:
             165          (a) if a person licensed to carry a concealed firearm had been able to access the concealed
             166      firearm the injury would not have occurred to that individual or others; and
             167          (b) the individual suffered damages as a consequence.
             168          Section 4. Section 63-55b-153 is enacted to read:
             169          63-55b-153. Repeal date -- Title 53.
             170          (1) Subsection 53-5-710 (4) pertaining to restrictions at Olympic venue secure areas is
             171      repealed April 1, 2002.
             172          (2) Section 53-12-301.1 is repealed April 1, 2002.
             173          Section 5. Section 63-55b-176 is enacted to read:
             174          63-55b-176. Repeal date -- Title 76.
             175          Section 76-10-531 is repealed April 1, 2002.
             176          Section 6. Section 76-10-501 is amended to read:
             177           76-10-501. Definitions.
             178          (1) (a) The individual right to keep and bear arms being a constitutionally protected right,
             179      the Legislature finds the need to provide uniform laws throughout the state. Except as specifically
             180      provided by state law, a citizen of the United States or a lawfully admitted alien shall not be:

             181          (i) prohibited from owning, possessing, purchasing, selling, transferring, transporting, or
             182      keeping any firearm at his place of residence, property, business, or in any vehicle lawfully in his
             183      possession or lawfully under his control; or
             184          (ii) required to have a permit or license to purchase, own, possess, transport, or keep a
             185      firearm.
             186          (b) This part is uniformly applicable throughout this state and in all its political
             187      subdivisions and municipalities. All authority to regulate firearms shall be reserved to the state
             188      except where the Legislature specifically delegates responsibility to local authorities or state
             189      entities. Unless specifically authorized by the Legislature by statute, a local authority or state
             190      entity may not enact or enforce any ordinance, regulation, or rule pertaining to firearms.
             191          (2) As used in this part:
             192          (a) (i) "Concealed dangerous weapon" means a dangerous weapon that is covered, hidden,
             193      or secreted in a manner that the public would not be aware of its presence and is readily accessible
             194      for immediate use.
             195          (ii) A dangerous weapon shall not be considered a concealed dangerous weapon if it is a
             196      firearm which is unloaded and is securely encased.
             197          (b) "Crime of violence" means aggravated murder, murder, manslaughter, rape, mayhem,
             198      kidnapping, robbery, burglary, housebreaking, extortion, or blackmail accompanied by threats of
             199      violence, assault with a dangerous weapon, assault with intent to commit any offense punishable
             200      by imprisonment for more than one year, arson punishable by imprisonment for more than one
             201      year, or an attempt to commit any of these offenses.
             202          (c) "Criminal history background check" means a criminal background check conducted
             203      by a licensed firearms dealer on every purchaser of a handgun through the division or the local law
             204      enforcement agency where the firearms dealer conducts business.
             205          (d) "Dangerous weapon" means any item that in the manner of its use or intended use is
             206      capable of causing death or serious bodily injury. The following factors shall be used in
             207      determining whether a knife, or any other item, object, or thing not commonly known as a
             208      dangerous weapon is a dangerous weapon:
             209          (i) the character of the instrument, object, or thing;
             210          (ii) the character of the wound produced, if any;
             211          (iii) the manner in which the instrument, object, or thing was used; and

             212          (iv) the other lawful purposes for which the instrument, object, or thing may be used.
             213          (e) "Dealer" means every person who is licensed under crimes and criminal procedure, 18
             214      U.S.C. 923 and engaged in the business of selling, leasing, or otherwise transferring a handgun,
             215      whether the person is a retail or wholesale dealer, pawnbroker, or otherwise.
             216          (f) "Division" means the Criminal Investigations and Technical Services Division of the
             217      Department of Public Safety, created in Section 53-10-103 .
             218          (g) "Enter" means intrusion of the entire body.
             219          [(g)] (h) "Firearm" means a pistol, revolver, shotgun, sawed-off shotgun, rifle or
             220      sawed-off rifle, or any device that could be used as a dangerous weapon from which is expelled
             221      a projectile by action of an explosive.
             222          [(i)] (i) "Firearms transaction record form" means a form created by the division to be
             223      completed by a person purchasing, selling, or transferring a handgun from a dealer in the state.
             224          [(h)] (j) "Fully automatic weapon" means any firearm which fires, is designed to fire, or
             225      can be readily restored to fire, automatically more than one shot without manual reloading by a
             226      single function of the trigger.
             227          [(j)] (k) "Handgun" means a pistol, revolver, or other firearm of any description, loaded
             228      or unloaded, from which any shot, bullet, or other missile can be discharged, the length of which,
             229      not including any revolving, detachable, or magazine breech, does not exceed 12 inches.
             230          (l) "House of worship" means a church, temple, synagogue, mosque, or other building set
             231      apart primarily for the purpose of worship in which religious services are held and the main body
             232      of which is kept for that use and not put to any other use inconsistent with its primary purpose.
             233          [(k)] (m) "Prohibited area" means any place where it is unlawful to discharge a firearm.
             234          [(l)] (n) "Readily accessible for immediate use" means that a firearm or other dangerous
             235      weapon is carried on the person or within such close proximity and in such a manner that it can
             236      be retrieved and used as readily as if carried on the person.
             237          (o) "Residence" means an improvement to real property used or occupied as a primary or
             238      secondary residence.
             239          [(m)] (p) "Sawed-off shotgun" or "sawed-off rifle" means a shotgun having a barrel or
             240      barrels of fewer than 18 inches in length, or in the case of a rifle, having a barrel or barrels of fewer
             241      than 16 inches in length, or any dangerous weapon made from a rifle or shotgun by alteration,
             242      modification, or otherwise, if the weapon as modified has an overall length of fewer than 26

             243      inches.
             244          [(n)] (q) "Securely encased" means not readily accessible for immediate use, such as held
             245      in a gun rack, or in a closed case or container, whether or not locked, or in a trunk or other storage
             246      area of a motor vehicle, not including a glove box or console box.
             247          (r) "State entity" means each department, commission, board, council, agency, institution,
             248      officer, corporation, fund, division, office, committee, authority, laboratory, library, unit, bureau,
             249      panel, or other administrative unit of the state.
             250          Section 7. Section 76-10-530 is enacted to read:
             251          76-10-530. Trespass with a firearm in a house of worship or private residence.
             252          (1) A person, including a person licensed to carry a concealed firearm pursuant to Title 53,
             253      Chapter 5, Part 7, Concealed Weapon Act, after having received notice as provided in Subsection
             254      (2) that firearms are prohibited, may not knowingly and intentionally:
             255          (a) transport a firearm into:
             256          (i) a house of worship; or
             257          (ii) a private residence; or
             258          (b) while in possession of a firearm, enter or remain in:
             259          (i) a house of worship; or
             260          (ii) a private residence.
             261          (2) Notice that firearms are prohibited may be made by:
             262          (a) personal communication to the actor by:
             263          (i) the church or organization operating the house of worship;
             264          (ii) the owner, lessee, or person with lawful right of possession of the private residence;
             265      or
             266          (iii) a person with authority to act for the person or entity in Subsections (2)(a)(i) and (ii);
             267      or
             268          (b) posting of signs reasonably likely to come to the attention of persons entering the house
             269      of worship or private residence.
             270          (3) A violation of this section is an infraction.
             271          Section 8. Section 76-10-531 is enacted to read:
             272          76-10-531. Restricting dangerous weapons and explosives in Olympic venue secure
             273      areas -- Penalty.

             274          (1) A person, including a person licensed to carry a concealed firearm pursuant to Title 53,
             275      Chapter 5, Part 7, Concealed Weapon Act, may not knowingly and intentionally transport into an
             276      Olympic venue secure area, designated by rule pursuant to Section 53-12-301.1 :
             277          (a) a firearm, ammunition, or dangerous weapon; or
             278          (b) an explosive, chemical, or incendiary device, as those terms are defined in Section
             279      76-10-306 .
             280          (2) A violation of this section is:
             281          (a) a class B misdemeanor if the violation is with a firearm, ammunition, or dangerous
             282      weapon; or
             283          (b) a first degree felony if the violation is with an explosive, chemical, or incendiary
             284      device.
             285          (3) It is a defense to any prosecution under this section that the accused, in committing the
             286      act made criminal by this section, acted in conformity with the rules authorized by Section
             287      53-12-301.1 .
             288          Section 9. Coordination clause.
             289          If this bill and S.B. 91, Weapons - Technical Amendments, both pass, it is the intent of the
             290      Legislature that:
             291          (1) the amendments in Subsection 76-10-501(1) of this bill merge into the enacted Section
             292      76-10-500 of S.B. 91; and
             293          (2) the definitions in Subsection 76-10-501(2) of this bill be merged into Section
             294      76-10-501 of S.B. 91.

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