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5 AN ACT RELATING TO THE MOTOR AND SPECIAL FUEL TAX ACT; INCREASING THE
6 AVIATION FUEL TAX; CHANGING THE ALLOCATION OF AVIATION FUEL TAX
7 REVENUE; DEFINING AVIATION FUEL DISTRIBUTOR AND FEDERALLY
8 CERTIFICATED AIR CARRIER; MODIFYING BONDING REQUIREMENTS FOR
9 AVIATION FUEL DISTRIBUTORS; AND PROVIDING AN EFFECTIVE DATE.
10 This act affects sections of Utah Code Annotated 1953 as follows:
12 59-13-102, as last amended by Chapter 271, Laws of Utah 1997
13 59-13-401, as enacted by Chapter 6, Laws of Utah 1987
14 59-13-402, as enacted by Chapters 6 and 187, Laws of Utah 1987
15 59-13-403, as last amended by Chapter 145, Laws of Utah 1989
16 Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
17 Section 1. Section 59-13-102 is amended to read:
18 59-13-102. Definitions.
19 As used in this chapter:
20 (1) "Aviation fuel" means fuel that is sold at airports and used exclusively for the operation
21 of aircraft.
22 (2) "Clean fuel" means:
23 (a) the following special fuels:
24 (i) propane;
25 (ii) compressed natural gas; or
26 (iii) electricity; or
27 (b) any motor or special fuel that meets the clean fuel vehicle standards in the federal clean
28 Air Act Amendments of 1990, Title II.
29 (3) "Commission" means the State Tax Commission.
30 (4) (a) "Diesel fuel" means any liquid that is commonly or commercially known, offered
31 for sale, or used as a fuel in diesel engines.
32 (b) "Diesel fuel" includes any combustible liquid, by whatever name the liquid may be
33 known or sold, when the liquid is used in an internal combustion engine for the generation of
34 power to operate a motor vehicle licensed to operate on the highway, except fuel that is subject to
35 the tax imposed in Part 2, Motor Fuel, and Part 4, Aviation Fuel, of this chapter.
36 (5) "Distributor" means any person in this state who:
37 (a) imports or causes to be imported motor fuel for use, distribution, or sale, whether at
38 retail or wholesale;
39 (b) produces, refines, manufactures, or compounds motor fuel in this state for use,
40 distribution, or sale in this state; [
41 (c) is engaged in the business of purchasing motor fuel for resale in wholesale quantities
42 to retail dealers of motor fuel and who accounts for his own motor fuel tax liability[
43 (d) for purposes of Part 4, Aviation Fuel, only, makes retail sales of aviation fuel to:
44 (i) federally certificated air carriers; and
45 (ii) other persons.
46 (6) "Dyed diesel fuel" means diesel fuel that is dyed in accordance with 26 U.S.C. Sec.
47 4082 or United States Environmental Protection Agency or Internal Revenue Service regulations
48 and that is considered destined for nontaxable off-highway use.
49 (7) "Exchange agreement" means an agreement between licensed suppliers where one is
50 a position holder in a terminal who agrees to deliver taxable special fuel to the other supplier or
51 the other supplier's customer at the loading rack of the terminal where the delivering supplier holds
52 an inventory position.
53 (8) "Federally certificated air carrier" means a person who holds a certificate issued by the
54 Federal Aviation Administration authorizing the person to conduct an all-cargo operation or
55 scheduled operation, as defined in 14 C.F.R. Sec. 119.3.
57 generally used in an engine or motor for the generation of power, including aviation fuel, clean
58 fuel, diesel fuel, motor fuel, and special fuel.
60 use of the public for the purpose of vehicular travel notwithstanding that the way or place may be
61 temporarily closed for the purpose of construction, maintenance, or repair.
63 gasoline or gasohol and is used for any purpose, but does not include aviation fuel.
65 (a) motor fuels that have been loaded at the refinery or other place into tank cars, placed
66 in any tank at the refinery from which any withdrawals are made directly into tank trucks, tank
67 wagons, or other types of transportation equipment, containers, or facilities other than tank cars,
68 or placed in any tank at the refinery from which any sales, uses, or deliveries not involving
69 transportation are made directly; or
70 (b) motor fuels that have been imported by any person into the state from any other state
71 or territory by tank car, tank truck, pipeline, or any other conveyance at the time when, and the
72 place where, the interstate transportation of the motor fuel is completed within the state by the
73 person who at the time of the delivery is the owner of the motor fuel.
75 designed, or maintained for transportation of persons or property which:
76 (i) has a gross vehicle weight or registered gross vehicle weight exceeding 26,000 pounds;
77 (ii) has three or more axles regardless of weight; or
78 (iii) is used in a combination of vehicles when the weight of the combination of vehicles
79 exceeds 26,000 pounds gross vehicle weight.
80 (b) "Qualified motor vehicle" does not include a recreational vehicle not used in
81 connection with any business activity.
83 of a series of metered pipes and hoses for the delivery or removal of diesel fuel from a refinery or
84 terminal into a motor vehicle, rail car, or vessel.
86 a production, manufacturing, terminal, or refinery facility and includes use of diesel fuel. Removal
87 does not include:
88 (a) loss by evaporation or destruction; or
89 (b) transfers between refineries, racks, or terminals.
91 (i) is usable as fuel to operate or propel a motor vehicle upon the public highways of the
92 state; and
93 (ii) is not taxed under the category of aviation or motor fuel.
94 (b) Special fuel includes [
95 (i) fuels that are not conveniently measurable on a gallonage basis[
98 (a) imports or acquires immediately upon importation into this state diesel fuel from within
99 or without a state, territory, or possession of the United States or the District of Columbia;
100 (b) produces, manufactures, refines, or blends diesel fuel in this state;
101 (c) otherwise acquires for distribution or sale in this state, diesel fuel with respect to which
102 there has been no previous taxable sale or use; or
103 (d) is in a two party exchange where the receiving party is deemed to be the supplier.
105 which is supplied by a motor vehicle, pipeline, or vessel and from which diesel fuel is removed
106 for distribution at a rack.
108 between licensed suppliers pursuant to an exchange agreement.
110 requirements in accordance with 26 U.S.C. Sec. 4082 or United States Environmental Protection
111 Agency or Internal Revenue Service regulations.
113 operation or propulsion of a motor vehicle upon the public highways of the state and includes the
114 reception of special fuel into the fuel supply tank of a motor vehicle.
116 state in an engine or motor for the generation of power to operate or propel a motor vehicle upon
117 the public highways of the state.
118 Section 2. Section 59-13-401 is amended to read:
119 59-13-401. Aviation fuel tax -- Rates.
121 cents per gallon upon all aviation fuel.
122 (2) A tax is imposed at the rate of five cents per gallon upon aviation fuel purchased by
123 a federally certificated air carrier.
124 Section 3. Section 59-13-402 is amended to read:
125 59-13-402. Revenue from taxes deposited with treasurer -- Credit to Aeronautics
126 Restricted Account -- Purposes for which funds may be used -- Allocation of funds -- Reports
127 -- Returns required.
128 (1) (a) All revenue received by the commission under this part shall be deposited daily
129 with the state treasurer who shall credit all of the revenue collected to the Transportation Fund.
130 (b) An appropriation from the Transportation Fund shall be made to the commission to
131 cover expenses incurred in the administration and enforcement of this part and the collection of
132 the aviation fuel tax.
133 (c) Refunds to which taxpayers are entitled under this part shall be paid from the
134 Transportation Fund.
135 (2) The state treasurer shall place an amount equal to the total amount received from the
136 sale or use of aviation fuel in the Transportation Fund's Restricted Revenue Account for
137 aeronautical operations of the Department of Transportation for:
138 (a) the construction, improvement, operation, and maintenance of publicly used airports
139 in this state;
140 (b) the promotion of aeronautics in this state; and
141 (c) the payment of the costs and expenses of the Department of Transportation in
142 administering this part or other law conferring upon it the duty of regulating and supervising
143 aeronautics in this state.
144 (3) (a) [
145 tax collected on fuel sold at each airport shall be [
150 allocated to the airport and to aeronautical operations of the Department of Transportation as
152 Allocation to Allocation to
153 Airport Aeronautical
155 From $.05/gal. tax on aviation fuel purchased by
156 federally certificated air carriers 40% 60%
157 From $.08/gal. tax on aviation fuel purchased by
158 persons other than federally certificated air carriers 25% 75%
159 (b) (i) If the governing authority of any publicly used airport before July 1, 1999, took
160 official action to pledge aviation fuel taxes to the payment of bonds or to secure the payment of
161 bonds, aviation fuel tax collected from fuel sold at the airport shall be allocated to the airport and
162 to aeronautical operations of the Department of Transportation as follows:
163 Allocation to Allocation to
164 Airport Aeronautical
166 From $.05/gal. tax on aviation fuel purchased by
167 federally certificated air carriers 60% 40%
168 From $.08/gal. tax on aviation fuel purchased by
169 persons other than federally certificated air carriers 37.5% 62.5%
170 (ii) The allocation provided in Subsection (3)(b)(i) shall continue until the debt service on
171 the bonds referred to in Subsection (3)(b)(i) has been paid in full.
172 (c) The allocation to the publicly used airport may be used at the discretion of the airport's
173 governing authority for the purposes specified in Subsection (2)(a).
174 (d) Upon appropriation by the Legislature, the allocation to aeronautical operations of the
175 Department of Transportation shall be used as provided in Subsection (2).
177 dealers, and users in order to enable the commission and the Department of Transportation to
178 allocate the revenue to be credited to the Transportation Fund's Restricted Revenue Account for
179 the aeronautical [
180 airports. [
181 (b) (i) Except as provided by Subsection (4)(b)(ii), any unexpended amount remaining in
182 the account of any publicly used airport on the first day of January, April, July, and October shall
183 be paid to the authority operating the airport [
184 (ii) Aviation fuel tax allocated to any airport owned and operated by a city of the first class
185 shall be paid to the city treasurer on the first day of each month.
186 (c) The state treasurer shall place [
187 at places other than publicly used airports in the Transportation Fund's Restricted Revenue
188 Account for the aeronautical operations of the Department of Transportation.
189 Section 4. Section 59-13-403 is amended to read:
190 59-13-403. Administration and penalties -- Bond requirements.
191 (1) All administrative and penalty provisions of Part 2, Motor Fuel, apply to the
192 administration of Part 4, Aviation Fuel.
193 (2) (a) Notwithstanding Subsection (1) and Subsection 59-13-203 (3), [
196 may not be less than $2,000.
197 (b) A distributor is not required to furnish a bond if the distributor:
198 (i) meets the definition of distributor under Subsection 59-13-102 (5)(d); and
199 (ii) has an average tax liability of $500 or less per month.
200 Section 5. Effective date.
201 This act takes effect on July 1, 1999.
Legislative Review Note
as of 1-15-99 7:05 AM
A limited legal review of this legislation raises no obvious constitutional or statutory concerns.