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6 AN ACT RELATING TO CONSUMER CREDIT; PROHIBITING CERTAIN CHARGES TO
7 BE TREATED AS PENALTIES; ADDRESSING WHAT CONSTITUTES A PERMITTED
8 CHANGE IN AN OPEN-END CREDIT CONTRACT; AND MAKING TECHNICAL
10 This act affects sections of Utah Code Annotated 1953 as follows:
12 70C-1-103, as enacted by Chapter 159, Laws of Utah 1985
13 70C-4-102, as last amended by Chapter 177, Laws of Utah 1990
14 Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
15 Section 1. Section 70C-1-103 is amended to read:
16 70C-1-103. General principles of law apply.
17 (1) Unless displaced by the particular provisions of this title, the Uniform Commercial
18 Code and the principles of law and equity, including without limitation the law relative to capacity
19 to contract, principal and agent, estoppel, fraud, misrepresentation, duress, coercion, mistake, and
20 bankruptcy shall supplement its provisions.
21 (2) A charge or fee described in Section 70C-1-106 assessed by a creditor in accordance
22 with this title may not be considered void as a penalty or otherwise unenforceable under statute or
23 common law.
24 Section 2. Section 70C-4-102 is amended to read:
25 70C-4-102. Change of terms of open-end credit contracts.
26 (1) For purposes of this section "change" includes to add, delete, or otherwise change a
27 term of an open-end consumer contract.
28 (2) Notwithstanding [
29 term of an open-end consumer credit contract at any time while the agreement is in effect and
30 apply the new term to the unpaid balance in the account[
31 (a) the creditor gives all other parties to the open-end consumer contract that may be
32 affected not less than 15 days advance written notice of the change [
34 (b) the contract expressly provides that the creditor may change terms of the agreement
35 from time to time.
37 secure payment of the debt, and if the term to be changed affects the method for calculating
38 minimum payments, or is part of the finance charge, the creditor may apply the new term to an
39 account balance relating to a credit transaction [
40 the change only if:
41 (a) the debtor expressly so agrees after notice of the change has been given by the creditor;
43 (b) (i) the creditor notifies the debtor that:
44 (A) further extensions of credit will not be permitted unless the debtor agrees that the new
45 term may be applied to an existing account balance[
46 (B) any future charges to the account will constitute [
47 (ii) the debtor makes a charge [
48 described in Subsection (3)(b)(i).
50 (a) [
51 (i) late payment charges[
52 (ii) charges for documentary evidence[
53 (iii) over-the-limit charges;
56 (vi) termination of an account or plan; or
57 (b) [
58 results from:
59 (i) an agreement involving a court proceeding[
60 (ii) the consumer's default or delinquency[
63 the credit agreement for purposes of this section.
64 (b) With regard to a variable or adjustable interest rate, a periodic change in the applicable
65 rate is not a change subject to this section if no term of the credit agreement pertaining to
66 calculation of the applicable rate is changed.
67 (6) (a) A creditor may include a notice required by this section of a change to an open-end
68 consumer credit contract on or in the same envelope as a periodic statement or other material sent
69 to the borrower by the creditor.
70 (b) Notwithstanding Subsection (6)(a), a creditor is not required to include a notice
71 required by this section with any other material sent to the borrower.
Legislative Review Note
as of 1-27-99 4:38 PM
A limited legal review of this legislation raises no obvious constitutional or statutory concerns.
Office of Legislative Research and General Counsel
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