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5 AN ACT RELATING TO THE JUDICIAL CODE; PROVIDING FOR IMMUNITY FOR
6 VOLUNTEERS FOR NONPROFIT, CHARITABLE ORGANIZATIONS, ENACTING A FOOD
7 DONOR IMMUNITY ACT; AND MAKING TECHNICAL CHANGES.
8 This act affects sections of Utah Code Annotated 1953 as follows:
10 78-19-101, Utah Code Annotated 1953
11 78-19-102, Utah Code Annotated 1953
12 78-19-201, Utah Code Annotated 1953
13 78-19-202, Utah Code Annotated 1953
14 78-19-301, Utah Code Annotated 1953
15 78-19-302, Utah Code Annotated 1953
16 RENUMBERS AND AMENDS:
17 78-19-103, (Renumbered from 78-19-1, as enacted by Chapter 4, Laws of Utah 1990)
18 78-19-203, (Renumbered from 78-11-22, as last amended by Chapter 211, Laws of Utah
20 78-19-401, (Renumbered from 78-19-2, as enacted by Chapter 4, Laws of Utah 1990)
21 78-19-402, (Renumbered from 78-19-3, as enacted by Chapter 4, Laws of Utah 1990)
23 78-11-22.1, as enacted by Chapter 106, Laws of Utah 1989
24 Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
25 Section 1. Section 78-19-101 is enacted to read:
28 78-19-101. Title.
29 This chapter is known as the "Utah Volunteer Protection Act."
30 Section 2. Section 78-19-102 is enacted to read:
31 78-19-102. Findings -- Purpose.
32 (1) The Legislature finds and declares that:
33 (a) the government and people of Utah are greatly benefitted by services provided by
34 volunteers working with nonprofit charitable organizations;
35 (b) the willingness of volunteers to offer their services may be deterred by the potential
36 for liability claims and suits against them;
37 (c) those who receive volunteer services and who may become the victims of wrongful
38 volunteer conduct should have a remedy at law for injuries and damages suffered as a result of the
39 wrongful conduct; and
40 (d) protection of volunteerism and of the potential victims of volunteerism through
41 clarification and limitation of liability risks and responsibilities is an appropriate subject for state
43 (2) The purpose of this chapter is to promote volunteerism in the state and sustain the
44 availability of nonprofit organizations, that depend upon volunteer contributions by providing
45 certain protections from liability related to volunteering, while at the same time recognizing the
46 rights of the recipients of volunteer services to have remedies for injuries and damages that they
47 may suffer as a result of wrongful conduct on the part of volunteers.
48 Section 3. Section 78-19-103 , which is renumbered from Section 78-19-1 is renumbered
49 and amended to read:
51 As used in this chapter:
52 (1) "Bodily injury" or "injury" means physical, nonphysical, economic, and noneconomic
53 harm to a person.
57 nonprofit organization:
58 (a) has an insurance policy in effect that covers the activities of the volunteer and has an
59 insurance limit of not less than the limits established under the Utah Governmental Immunity Act
60 in Section 63-30-34 ; or
61 (b) has established a qualified trust with a value not less than the combined limits for
62 property damage and single occurrence liability established under the Utah Governmental
63 Immunity Act in Section 63-30-34 .
65 described in Section 501 (c) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 and exempt from tax under
66 Section 501 (a) of that code.
67 (5) "Person" means an individual.
68 (6) "Property damage" means physical injury to real or personal property.
72 state under the provisions of Title 7, Chapter 5, Trust Business.
75 actually incurred.
77 organization who does not receive anything of value from that nonprofit organization for those
78 services except reimbursements.
79 (b) "Volunteer" includes a volunteer serving as a director, officer, trustee, or direct service
81 (c) "Volunteer" does not include an individual performing services for a public entity to
82 the extent the services are within the scope of Title 63, Chapter 30b, Immunity for Persons
83 Performing Voluntary Services or Title 67, Chapter 20, Volunteer Government Workers Act.
84 Section 4. Section 78-19-201 is enacted to read:
86 78-19-201. Title.
87 This part is known as the "Good Samaritan Act."
88 Section 5. Section 78-19-202 is enacted to read:
89 78-19-202. Definitions.
90 As used in this part:
91 (1) "Emergency" means an unexpected occurrence involving injury, threat of injury, or
92 illness to a person or the public, including a motor vehicle accident, natural or man-made disaster,
93 actual or threatened discharges, removal, or disposal of hazardous materials, and any other
94 accidents or events of a similar nature.
95 (2) "Emergency care" includes actual assistance or advice offered to avoid, mitigate, or
96 attempt to mitigate the effects of an emergency.
97 Section 6. Section 78-19-203 , which is renumbered from Section 78-11-22 is renumbered
98 and amended to read:
100 A person who renders emergency care at or near the scene of, or during an emergency,
101 gratuitously and in good faith, is not liable for any civil damages or penalties as a result of any act
102 or omission by the person rendering the emergency care, unless the person is grossly negligent,
103 acted willfully and maliciously, or caused the emergency. [
109 Section 7. Section 78-19-301 is enacted to read:
111 78-19-301. Definitions.
112 As used in this part:
113 (1) "Donate" means to give or distribute without requiring anything of monetary or other
114 value from the final recipient or consumer. A processing fee may be exchanged between
115 organizations for any food or grocery products, provided the final consumer receives them free of
117 (2) "Food" means items for human consumption and includes agricultural products,
118 commercially processed and prepared items, as well as perishable items. Food may include fresh
119 and processed meats, poultry, seafood, dairy products, bakery products, eggs in the shells, and
120 fresh fruits and vegetables which may be packaged, refrigerated, or frozen.
121 (3) "Grocery products" means nonfood items normally sold in food stores, including
122 disposable paper and plastic products, household cleaning products, bottled water, laundry
123 detergents, and miscellaneous household items.
124 Section 8. Section 78-19-302 is enacted to read:
125 78-19-302. Donation of food and grocery products -- Liability limits.
126 (1) A person or organization who, in good faith, donates or distributes apparently
127 wholesome food or apparently serviceable and safe grocery products either directly to the needy
128 or to a nonprofit organization for distribution directly or indirectly to the needy is not subject to
129 civil liability or criminal prosecution regarding the condition of the food and grocery products
130 unless injury results from an act or omission of the person or organization which was grossly
131 negligent or willful and malicious.
132 (2) A nonprofit organization and any employee or volunteer of the organization who, in
133 good faith, receives and distributes food or grocery products which are apparently fit for human
134 consumption or use at the time they are distributed without charge to the needy, is not subject to
135 civil liability or criminal prosecution for the condition of the food or grocery products unless injury
136 results from an act or omission which was grossly negligent or willful and malicious.
137 Section 9. Section 78-19-401 , which is renumbered from Section 78-19-2 is renumbered
138 and amended to read:
141 (1) Except as provided in Subsection (2), [
142 nonprofit organization [
143 volunteer while providing services for the nonprofit organization and [
144 not incur any personal financial liability for any tort claim or other action seeking damage for an
145 injury arising from any act or omission of the volunteer while providing services for the nonprofit
146 organization if:
147 (a) the individual was acting in good faith and reasonably believed he was acting within
148 the scope of his official functions and duties with the nonprofit organization; and
149 (b) the damage or injury was not caused by an intentional or knowing act by the volunteer
150 which constitutes illegal, willful, or wanton misconduct.
151 (2) The protection against volunteer liability provided by this section does not apply:
152 (a) to injuries resulting from a volunteer's operation of a motor vehicle, a vessel, aircraft
153 or other vehicle for which a pilot or operator's license is required;
154 (b) when a suit is brought by an authorized officer of a state or local government to enforce
155 a federal, state, or local law; or
156 (c) where the nonprofit organization for which the volunteer is working fails to provide
157 a financially secure source of recovery for individuals who suffer injuries as a result of actions
158 taken by the volunteer on behalf of the nonprofit organization.
159 (3) Nothing in this section shall bar an action by a volunteer against an organization, its
160 officers, or other persons who intentionally or knowingly misrepresent that a financially secure
161 source of recovery does or will exist during a period when such a source does not or will not in fact
163 (4) Nothing in this section shall be construed to place a duty upon a nonprofit organization
164 to provide a financially secure source of recovery.
165 (5) The granting of immunity from liability to a volunteer under this section shall have no
166 effect on the liability of the nonprofit organization providing the financially secure source of
168 Section 10. Section 78-19-402 , which is renumbered from Section 78-19-3 is renumbered
169 and amended to read:
171 A nonprofit organization is not liable for the acts or omissions of its volunteers in any
172 circumstance where:
173 (1) the acts of its volunteers are not as described in Subsection [
174 unless the nonprofit organization had, or reasonably should have had, reasonable notice of the
175 volunteer's unfitness to provide services to the nonprofit organization under circumstances that
176 make the nonprofit organization's use of the volunteer reckless or wanton in light of that notice;
178 (2) a business employer would not be liable under the laws of this state if the act or
179 omission were the act or omission of one of its employees.
180 Section 11. Repealer.
181 This act repeals:
182 Section 78-11-22.1, Donation of food -- Liability limits.
Legislative Review Note
as of 2-2-99 1:46 PM
A limited legal review of this legislation raises no obvious constitutional or statutory concerns.
Office of Legislative Research and General Counsel
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