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S.B. 183





Sponsor: Howard A. Stephenson

             5      Lyle W. Hillyard
             6      John L. Valentine
Howard C. Nielson
Robert M. Muhlestein
Terry R. Spencer

             10      TECHNICAL CORRECTIONS.
             11      This act affects sections of Utah Code Annotated 1953 as follows:
             12      AMENDS:
             13          63-30-10, as last amended by Chapters 159 and 264, Laws of Utah 1996
             14          63-30-12, as last amended by Chapter 164, Laws of Utah 1998
             15          63-30-34, as last amended by Chapter 76, Laws of Utah 1991
             16      Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
             17          Section 1. Section 63-30-10 is amended to read:
             18           63-30-10. Waiver of immunity for injury caused by negligent act or omission of
             19      employee -- Exceptions.
             20          Immunity from suit of all governmental entities is waived for injury proximately caused
             21      by a negligent or intentional wrongful act or omission of an employee committed within the scope
             22      of employment [except if] unless the [injury] claim arises out of, in connection with, or results
             23      from:
             24          (1) the exercise or performance or the failure to exercise or perform a discretionary
             25      function[, whether or not the discretion is abused];
             26          [(2) assault, battery, false imprisonment, false arrest, malicious prosecution, intentional
             27      trespass, abuse of process, libel, slander, deceit, interference with contract rights, infliction of

             28      mental anguish, or violation of civil rights;]
             29          [(3)] (2) the issuance, denial, suspension, or revocation of or by the failure or refusal to
             30      issue, deny, suspend, or revoke any permit, license, certificate, approval, order, or similar
             31      authorization;
             32          [(4)] (3) a failure to make an inspection or by making an inadequate [or negligent]
             33      inspection;
             34          [(5)] (4) the institution or prosecution of any judicial or administrative proceeding, even
             35      if malicious or without probable cause;
             36          [(6) a misrepresentation by an employee whether or not it is negligent or intentional;]
             37          [(7)] (5) riots, unlawful assemblies, public demonstrations, mob violence, and civil
             38      disturbances;
             39          [(8)] (6) the collection of and assessment of taxes;
             40          [(9)] (7) the activities of the Utah National Guard;
             41          [(10)] (8) the incarceration of any person in any state prison, county or city jail, or other
             42      place of legal confinement, except in cases where gross negligence or recklessness can be
             43      demonstrated;
             44          [(11)] (9) any natural condition on publicly owned or controlled lands, any condition
             45      existing in connection with an abandoned mine or mining operation, or any activity authorized by
             46      the School and Institutional Trust Lands Administration or the Division of Forestry, Fire and State
             47      Lands;
             48          [(12)] (10) research or implementation of cloud management or seeding for the clearing
             49      of fog;
             50          [(13)] (11) the management of flood waters, earthquakes, or natural disasters;
             51          [(14)] (12) the construction, repair, or operation of flood or storm systems;
             52          [(15)] (13) the operation of an emergency vehicle, while being driven in accordance with
             53      the requirements of Section 41-6-14 ;
             54          [(16)] (14) a latent dangerous or latent defective condition of any highway, road, street,
             55      alley, crosswalk, sidewalk, culvert, tunnel, bridge, viaduct, or other structure located on them;
             56          [(17)] (15) a latent dangerous or latent defective condition of any public building,
             57      structure, dam, reservoir, or other public improvement;
             58          [(18)] (16) the activities of:

             59          (a) providing emergency medical assistance;
             60          (b) fighting fire;
             61          (c) regulating, mitigating, or handling hazardous materials or hazardous wastes;
             62          (d) emergency evacuations; or
             63          (e) intervening during dam emergencies; or
             64          [(19)] (17) the exercise or performance or the failure to exercise or perform any function
             65      pursuant to Title 73, Chapter 5a, Dam Safety, or Title 73, Chapter 10, Board of Water Resources
             66      - Division of Water Resources, which immunity is in addition to all other immunities granted by
             67      law.
             68          Section 2. Section 63-30-12 is amended to read:
             69           63-30-12. Claim against state or its employee -- Time for filing notice.
             70          A claim against the state, or against its employee for an act or omission occurring during
             71      the performance of the employee's duties, within the scope of employment, or under color of
             72      authority, is barred unless notice of claim is filed with the attorney general within [one year] two
             73      years after the claim arises, or before the expiration of any extension of time granted under Section
             74      63-30-11 , regardless of whether or not the function giving rise to the claim is characterized as
             75      governmental.
             76          Section 3. Section 63-30-34 is amended to read:
             77           63-30-34. Limitation of judgments against governmental entity or employee --
             78      Insurance coverage exception.
             79          (1) (a) [Except as provided in Subsection (2), if] If a judgment for general noneconomic
             80      damages for personal injury against a governmental entity, or an employee whom a governmental
             81      entity has a duty to indemnify, exceeds [$250,000] $500,000 for one person in any one occurrence,
             82      [or $500,000 for two or more persons in any one occurrence,] the court shall reduce the judgment
             83      for general noneconomic damages to that amount.
             84          (b) A court may not award judgment of more than [$250,000] $500,000 in general
             85      noneconomic damages for injury or death to one person regardless of whether or not the function
             86      giving rise to the injury is characterized as governmental.
             87          (c) Except as provided in Subsection (2), if a judgment for property damage against a
             88      governmental entity, or an employee whom a governmental entity has a duty to indemnify, exceeds
             89      [$100,000] $500,000 in any one occurrence, the court shall reduce the judgment to that amount,

             90      regardless of whether or not the function giving rise to the damage is characterized as
             91      governmental.
             92          (2) The damage limits established in this section do not apply to:
             93          (a) damages awarded as compensation when a governmental entity has taken or damaged
             94      private property for public use without just compensation[.]; or
             95          (b) awards for economic losses in personal injury or wrongful death cases.

Legislative Review Note
    as of 2-5-99 2:56 PM

This legislation raises the following constitutional or statutory concerns:

The Utah Supreme Court in Condemarin v. University Hospital (1989) held the cap in the
Governmental Immunity Act unconstitutional. At that time the cap was at $100,000 for the entire
claim. This bill raises that cap significantly and also limits the cap to noneconomic damages.
With these changes the statute may withstand a constitutional attack.

Office of Legislative Research and General Counsel

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