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S.B. 49

             1     

CHILD SUPPORT AMENDMENTS

             2     
2000 GENERAL SESSION

             3     
STATE OF UTAH

             4     
Sponsor: Lyle W. Hillyard

             5      AN ACT RELATING TO HUMAN SERVICES AND THE JUDICIAL CODE; MAKING
             6      AMENDMENTS TO CHILD SUPPORT STATUTES TO CONFORM WITH TITLE IV OF THE
             7      SOCIAL SECURITY ACT; CLARIFYING WHEN PAYMENTS ARE DUE; CHANGING TAX
             8      INTERCEPT PROVISIONS TO CONFORM WITH FEDERAL LAW; DELETES
             9      "STEPPARENT" AS A DEFINED TERM AND SUBSTITUTES "THIRD PARTY" TO
             10      ENCOMPASS ALL OTHER POSSIBLE PARTIES, INCLUDING THE STATE; ADDS NEW
             11      DEFINITIONS; PREVENTING VOLUNTARY RELINQUISHMENT OF PARENTAL RIGHTS
             12      WHEN SUPPORT IS OWED; AND MAKING TECHNICAL CORRECTIONS.
             13      This act affects sections of Utah Code Annotated 1953 as follows:
             14      AMENDS:
             15          30-3-10.5, as enacted by Chapter 78, Laws of Utah 1985
             16          35A-1-107, as enacted by Chapter 174, Laws of Utah 1997
             17          35A-3-102, as last amended by Chapters 61 and 70, Laws of Utah 1999
             18          35A-7-102, as enacted by Chapter 232, Laws of Utah 1997
             19          59-10-529, as last amended by Chapter 299, Laws of Utah 1998
             20          62A-11-103, as last amended by Chapters 174 and 232, Laws of Utah 1997
             21          62A-11-104, as last amended by Chapter 232, Laws of Utah 1997
             22          62A-11-301, as enacted by Chapter 1, Laws of Utah 1988
             23          62A-11-303, as last amended by Chapter 232, Laws of Utah 1997
             24          62A-11-304.2, as last amended by Chapter 13, Laws of Utah 1998
             25          62A-11-305, as last amended by Chapter 232, Laws of Utah 1997
             26          62A-11-312.5, as enacted by Chapter 232, Laws of Utah 1997
             27          62A-11-401, as last amended by Chapter 232, Laws of Utah 1997


             28          62A-11-406, as last amended by Chapter 232, Laws of Utah 1997
             29          62A-11-506, as enacted by Chapter 232, Laws of Utah 1997
             30          78-3a-414, as renumbered and amended by Chapter 260, Laws of Utah 1994
             31          78-3a-906, as enacted by Chapter 1, Laws of Utah 1996
             32          78-12-22, as last amended by Chapter 79, Laws of Utah 1996
             33          78-22-1, as last amended by Chapter 75, Laws of Utah 1999
             34          78-32-17, as last amended by Chapter 232, Laws of Utah 1997
             35          78-45-2, as last amended by Chapter 53, Laws of Utah 1998
             36          78-45-3, as last amended by Chapter 175, Laws of Utah 1995
             37          78-45-4, as last amended by Chapter 175, Laws of Utah 1995
             38          78-45-4.2, as enacted by Chapter 131, Laws of Utah 1979
             39          78-45-4.3, as enacted by Chapter 120, Laws of Utah 1983
             40          78-45-7.3, as last amended by Chapter 118, Laws of Utah 1994
             41          78-45-7.5, as last amended by Chapter 53, Laws of Utah 1998
             42          78-45-7.7, as last amended by Chapter 53, Laws of Utah 1998
             43          78-45-7.10, as last amended by Chapter 118, Laws of Utah 1994
             44          78-45f-101, as renumbered and amended by Chapter 232, Laws of Utah 1997
             45          78-45f-605, as renumbered and amended by Chapter 232, Laws of Utah 1997
             46          78-45f-606, as renumbered and amended by Chapter 232, Laws of Utah 1997
             47          78-45f-701, as renumbered and amended by Chapter 232, Laws of Utah 1997
             48          78-45f-802, as renumbered and amended by Chapter 232, Laws of Utah 1997
             49      S [     78-51-41, as last amended by Chapter 100, Laws of Utah 1989 ] s
             50      ENACTS:
             50a      S 62A-11-333, Utah Code Annotated 1953 s
             51          78-45-4.4, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             52          78-45-4.5, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             53          78-45f-902, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             54      RENUMBERS AND AMENDS:
             55          78-45-9.3, (Renumbered from 30-3-10.6, as last amended by Chapter 232, Laws of Utah
             56      1997)
             57      REPEALS:
             58          78-45-4.1, as last amended by Chapter 42, Laws of Utah 1980


             59      Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
             60          Section 1. Section 30-3-10.5 is amended to read:
             61           30-3-10.5. Payments of support, maintenance, and alimony.
             62          (1) [Unless the order or decree providing for support, maintenance, or alimony under this
             63      chapter or Title 30, Chapter 4, provides a different time for payment, all] All monthly payments
             64      of support, maintenance, or alimony provided for in the order or decree shall be due [one-half] on
             65      the first day of each month for purposes of Section 78-45-9.3 , child support services pursuant to
             66      Title 62A, Chapter 11, Part 3, Public Support of Child, income withholding services pursuant to
             67      Title 62A, Chapter 11, Part 4, Income Withholding in IV-D Cases, and other income withholding
             68      procedures pursuant to Title 62A, Chapter 11, Part 5, Income Withholding in Non IV-D Cases.
             69          (2) For purposes of child support services and income withholding pursuant to Title 62A,
             70      Chapter 11, Part 3 and Part 4, child support is not considered past due until the first day of the
             71      following month.
             72          (3) For purposes other than those specified in Subsections (1) and (2), support shall be
             73      payable 1/2 by the 5th day of each month[,] and [the remaining one-half] 1/2 by the 20th day of
             74      that month, unless the order or decree provides for a different time for payment.
             75          Section 2. Section 35A-1-107 is amended to read:
             76           35A-1-107. Contract with Office of Recovery Services.
             77          The department shall contract with the Office of Recovery Services within the Department
             78      of Human Services for collection of[: (1)] overpayments under Title 62A, Chapter 11, Part 2,
             79      Administrative Determination of Overpayments Act[; and (2) child support assigned under Section
             80      35A-3-108 ].
             81          Section 3. Section 35A-3-102 is amended to read:
             82           35A-3-102. Definitions.
             83          As used in this chapter:
             84          (1) "Applicant" means a person who requests assistance under this chapter.
             85          (2) "Average monthly number of families" means the average number of families who
             86      received cash assistance on a monthly basis during the previous federal fiscal year, starting from
             87      October 1, 1998 to September 30, 1999, and continuing each year thereafter.
             88          (3) "Cash assistance" means a monthly dollar amount of cash a client is eligible to receive
             89      under Section 35A-3-302 .


             90          (4) "Child care services" means care of a child for a portion of the day that is less than 24
             91      hours in a qualified setting, as defined by rule, by a responsible person who is not the child's parent
             92      or legal guardian.
             93          (5) "Date of enrollment" means the date on which the applicant was approved as eligible
             94      for cash assistance.
             95          (6) "Director" means the director of the division.
             96          (7) "Diversion" means a single payment of cash assistance under Section 35A-3-303 to a
             97      client who is eligible for but does not require extended cash assistance under Part 3, Family
             98      Employment Program.
             99          (8) "Division" means the Division of Employment Development.
             100          (9) "Education or training" means:
             101          (a) basic remedial education;
             102          (b) adult education;
             103          (c) high school education;
             104          (d) education to obtain the equivalent of a high school diploma;
             105          (e) education to learn English as a second language;
             106          (f) applied technology training;
             107          (g) employment skills training; or
             108          (h) on-the-job training.
             109          (10) "Full-time education or training" means training on a full-time basis as defined by the
             110      educational institution attended by the parent client.
             111          (11) "General assistance" means financial assistance provided to a person who is not
             112      otherwise eligible for cash assistance under Part 3, Family Employment Program, because that
             113      person does not live in a family with a related dependent child.
             114          [(12) "Office of Recovery Services" means the state's Title IV-D child support
             115      enforcement agency organized within the Department of Human Services.]
             116          [(13)] (12) "Parent client" means a person who enters into an employment plan with the
             117      division to qualify for cash assistance under Part 3, Family Employment Program.
             118          [(14)] (13) "Plan" or "state plan" means the state plan submitted to the Secretary of the
             119      United States Department of Health and Human Services to receive funding from the United States
             120      through the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families Block Grant.


             121          [(15)] (14) (a) "Passenger vehicle" means a self-propelled, two-axle vehicle intended
             122      primarily for operation on highways and used by an applicant or client to meet basic transportation
             123      needs and has a fair market value below 40% of the applicable amount of the federal luxury
             124      passenger automobile tax established in 26 U.S.C. Sec. 4001 and adjusted annually for inflation.
             125          (b) "Passenger vehicle" does not include:
             126          (i) a commercial vehicle, as defined in Section 41-1a-102 ;
             127          (ii) an off-highway vehicle, as defined in Section 41-1a-102 ; or
             128          (iii) a motor home, as defined in Section 13-14-102 .
             129          [(16)] (15) "Single minor parent" means a person under 18 years of age who is not married
             130      and has a minor child in his care and custody.
             131          Section 4. Section 35A-7-102 is amended to read:
             132           35A-7-102. Definitions.
             133          As used in this chapter:
             134          (1) "Business day" means a day on which state offices are open for regular business.
             135          (2) "Compensation" means payment owed by an employer for labor or services rendered
             136      by an employee.
             137          (3) "Date of hire" means the earlier of:
             138          (a) the first day for which the employee is owed compensation by the employer; or
             139          (b) the first day that an employee reports to work or performs labor or services for the
             140      employer.
             141          (4) "Date of rehire" means the earlier of:
             142          (a) the first day for which the employee is owed compensation by the employer following
             143      an unpaid absence of a minimum of six consecutive weeks; or
             144          (b) the first day that an employee reports to work or performs labor or services for the
             145      employer following an unpaid absence of a minimum of six consecutive weeks.
             146          (5) "Employee" means an individual who is an employee within the meaning of Chapter
             147      24 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 and does not include an employee of a federal or state
             148      agency performing intelligence or counterintelligence functions, if the head of that agency
             149      determines that reporting the employee could endanger the safety of the employee or compromise
             150      an ongoing investigation or intelligence mission.
             151          (6) "Employer" means any person or entity who or which is an employer as defined in


             152      Section 3401(d) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 and includes any governmental entity and
             153      any labor organization.
             154          (7) "Labor organization" means any entity as defined in Section 2(5) of the National Labor
             155      Relations Act, and includes any entity or hiring hall which is used by agreement between the
             156      organization and an employer to carry out requirements described in Section 8(f)(3) of the National
             157      Labor Relations Act.
             158          [(8) "Office of Recovery Services" means the state's Title IV-D child support enforcement
             159      agency.]
             160          [(9)] (8) "Registry" means the centralized new hire registry created in Section 35A-7-103 .
             161          Section 5. Section 59-10-529 is amended to read:
             162           59-10-529. Overpayment of tax -- Credits -- Refunds.
             163          (1) In cases where there has been an overpayment of any tax imposed by this chapter, the
             164      amount of overpayment is credited as follows:
             165          (a) against any income tax then due from the taxpayer;
             166          (b) against:
             167          (i) the amount of any judgment against the taxpayer, including one ordering the payment
             168      of a fine or of restitution to a victim under Section 76-3-201 , obtained through due process of law
             169      by any entity of state government; or
             170          (ii) any child support obligation which is [delinquent] due or past due, as determined by
             171      the Office of Recovery Services in the Department of Human Services and after notice and an
             172      opportunity for an adjudicative proceeding, as provided in Subsection (2); or
             173          (c) as bail, to ensure the appearance of the taxpayer before the appropriate authority to
             174      resolve an outstanding warrant against the taxpayer for which bail is due, if a court of competent
             175      jurisdiction has not approved an alternative form of payment. This bail may be applied to any fine
             176      or forfeiture which is due and related to a warrant which is outstanding on or after February 16,
             177      1984, and in accordance with Subsections (3) and (4).
             178          (2) (a) Subsection (1)(b)(ii) may be exercised only if the Office of Recovery Services has
             179      mailed written notice to the taxpayer's last-known address or the address on file under Section
             180      62A-11-304.4 , stating:
             181          (i) the amount of child support that is due or past due as of the date of the notice or other
             182      specified date;


             183          (ii) that any overpayment shall be applied to reduce the amount of due or past-due child
             184      support specified in the notice; and
             185          (iii) that the taxpayer may contest the amount of past-due child support specified in the
             186      notice by filing a written request for an adjudicative proceeding with the office within 15 days of
             187      the notice being sent.
             188          [(b) If an overpayment of tax is credited against a past-due child support obligation in
             189      accordance with Subsection (1)(b)(ii) in noncash assistance cases, the Office of Recovery Services
             190      shall inform the obligee parent in advance if it will first use any portion of the overpayment to
             191      satisfy unreimbursed cash assistance or foster care maintenance payments which have been
             192      provided to that family.]
             193          [(c)] (b) The [Department of Human] Office of Recovery Services shall establish rules to
             194      implement this Subsection (2), including procedures, in accordance with the other provisions of
             195      this section, to ensure prompt reimbursement to the taxpayer of any amount of an overpayment of
             196      taxes which was credited against a child support obligation in error, and to ensure prompt
             197      distribution of properly credited funds to the obligee parent.
             198          (3) Subsection (1)(c) may be exercised only if:
             199          (a) a court has issued a warrant for the arrest of the taxpayer for failure to post bail, appear,
             200      or otherwise satisfy the terms of a citation, summons, or court order; and
             201          (b) a notice of intent to apply the overpayment as bail on the issued warrant has been
             202      mailed to the person's current address on file with the commission.
             203          (4) (a) The commission shall deliver the overpayment applied as bail to the court that
             204      issued the warrant of arrest. The clerk of the court is authorized to endorse the check or
             205      commission warrant of payment on behalf of the payees and deposit the monies in the court
             206      treasury.
             207          (b) The court receiving the overpayment applied as bail shall order withdrawal of the
             208      warrant for arrest of the taxpayer if the case is one for which a personal appearance of the taxpayer
             209      is not required and if the dollar amount of the overpayment represents the full dollar amount of
             210      bail. In all other cases, the court receiving the overpayment applied as bail is not required to order
             211      the withdrawal of the warrant of arrest of the taxpayer during the 40-day period, and the taxpayer
             212      may be arrested on the warrant. However, the bail amount shall be reduced by the amount of tax
             213      overpayment received by the court.


             214          (c) If the taxpayer fails to respond to the notice described in Subsection (3), or to resolve
             215      the warrant within 40 days after the mailing under that subsection, the overpayment applied as bail
             216      is forfeited and notice of the forfeiture shall be mailed to the taxpayer at the current address on file
             217      with the commission. The court may then issue another warrant or allow the original warrant to
             218      remain in force if:
             219          (i) the taxpayer has not complied with an order of the court;
             220          (ii) the taxpayer has failed to appear and respond to a criminal charge for which a personal
             221      appearance is required; or
             222          (iii) the taxpayer has paid partial but not full bail in a case for which a personal appearance
             223      is not required.
             224          (5) If the alleged violations named in the warrant are later resolved in favor of the
             225      taxpayer, the bail amount shall be remitted to the taxpayer.
             226          (6) Any balance shall be refunded immediately to the taxpayer.
             227          (7) (a) If a refund or credit is due because the amount of tax deducted and withheld from
             228      wages exceeds the actual tax due, a refund or credit may not be made or allowed unless the
             229      taxpayer or his legal representative files with the commission a tax return claiming the refund or
             230      credit:
             231          (i) within three years from the due date of the return, plus the period of any extension of
             232      time for filing the return provided for in Subsection (7)(c); or
             233          (ii) within two years from the date the tax was paid, whichever period is later.
             234          (b) Except as provided in Subsection (7)(d), in other instances where a refund or credit of
             235      tax which has not been deducted and withheld from income is due, a credit or refund may not be
             236      allowed or made after three years from the time the tax was paid, unless, before the expiration of
             237      the period, a claim is filed by the taxpayer or his legal representative.
             238          (c) Beginning on July 1, 1998, the commission shall extend the period for a taxpayer to
             239      file a claim under Subsection (7)(a)(i) if:
             240          (i) the time period for filing a claim under Subsection (7)(a) has not expired; and
             241          (ii) the commission and the taxpayer sign a written agreement:
             242          (A) authorizing the extension; and
             243          (B) providing for the length of the extension.
             244          (d) Notwithstanding Subsection (7)(b), beginning on July 1, 1998, the commission shall


             245      extend the period for a taxpayer to file a claim under Subsection (7)(b) if:
             246          (i) the three-year period under Subsection (7)(b) has not expired; and
             247          (ii) the commission and the taxpayer sign a written agreement:
             248          (A) authorizing the extension; and
             249          (B) providing for the length of the extension.
             250          (8) The fine and bail forfeiture provisions of this section apply to all warrants and fines
             251      issued in cases charging the taxpayer with a felony, a misdemeanor, or an infraction described in
             252      this section which are outstanding on or after February 16, 1984.
             253          (9) If the amount allowable as a credit for tax withheld from the taxpayer exceeds the tax
             254      to which the credit relates, the excess is considered an overpayment.
             255          (10) A claim for credit or refund of an overpayment which is attributable to the application
             256      to the taxpayer of a net operating loss carryback shall be filed within three years from the time the
             257      return was due for the taxable year of the loss.
             258          (11) If there has been an overpayment of the tax which is required to be deducted and
             259      withheld under Section 59-10-402 , a refund shall be made to the employer only to the extent that
             260      the amount of overpayment was not deducted and withheld by the employer.
             261          (12) If there is no tax liability for a period in which an amount is paid as income tax, the
             262      amount is an overpayment.
             263          (13) If an income tax is assessed or collected after the expiration of the applicable period
             264      of limitation, that amount is an overpayment.
             265          (14) (a) If a taxpayer is required to report a change or correction in federal taxable income
             266      reported on his federal income tax return, or to report a change or correction which is treated in
             267      the same manner as if it were an overpayment for federal income tax purposes, or to file an
             268      amended return with the commission, a claim for credit or refund of any resulting overpayment
             269      of tax shall be filed by the taxpayer within two years from the date the notice of the change,
             270      correction, or amended return was required to be filed with the commission.
             271          (b) If the report or amended return is not filed within 90 days, interest on any resulting
             272      refund or credit ceases to accrue after the 90-day period.
             273          (c) The amount of the credit or refund may not exceed the amount of the reduction in tax
             274      attributable to the federal change, correction, or items amended on the taxpayer's amended federal
             275      income tax return.


             276          (d) Except as specifically provided, this section does not affect the amount or the time
             277      within which a claim for credit or refund may be filed.
             278          (15) No credit or refund may be allowed or made if the overpayment is less than $1.
             279          (16) The amount of the credit or refund may not exceed the tax paid during the three years
             280      immediately preceding the filing of the claim, or if no claim is filed, then during the three years
             281      immediately preceding the allowance of the credit or refund.
             282          (17) In the case of an overpayment of tax by the employer under the withholding
             283      provisions of this chapter, a refund or credit shall be made to the employer only to the extent that
             284      the amount of the overpayment was not deducted and withheld from wages under the provisions
             285      of this chapter.
             286          (18) If a taxpayer who is entitled to a refund under this chapter dies, the commission may
             287      make payment to the duly appointed executor or administrator of the taxpayer's estate. If there is
             288      no executor or administrator, payment may be made to those persons who establish entitlement to
             289      inherit the property of the decedent in the proportions set out in Title 75, Utah Uniform Probate
             290      Code.
             291          (19) Where an overpayment relates to adjustments to net income referred to in Subsection
             292      59-10-536 (3)(c), credit may be allowed or a refund paid any time before the expiration of the
             293      period within which a deficiency may be assessed.
             294          (20) An overpayment of a tax imposed by this chapter shall accrue interest at the rate and
             295      in the manner prescribed in Section 59-1-402 .
             296          Section 6. Section 62A-11-103 is amended to read:
             297           62A-11-103. Definitions.
             298          As used in this part:
             299          (1) "Account" means a demand deposit account, checking or negotiable withdrawal order
             300      account, savings account, time deposit account, or money-market mutual fund account.
             301          (2) "Child support services" or "IV-D child support services" means services provided
             302      pursuant to Part D of Title IV of the Social Security Act, 42 U.S.C. Sec. 651, et seq.
             303          [(2)] (3) "Director" means the director of the Office of Recovery Services.
             304          [(3)] (4) "Disposable earnings" means that part of the earnings of an individual remaining
             305      after the deduction of all amounts required by law to be withheld.
             306          [(4)] (5) "Financial institution" means:


             307          (a) a depository institution as defined in Section 7-1-103 or the Federal Deposit Insurance
             308      Act, 12 U.S.C. Sec. 1813(c);
             309          (b) an institution-affiliated party as defined in the Federal Deposit Insurance Act, 12
             310      U.S.C. Sec. 1813(u);
             311          (c) any federal credit union or state credit union as defined in the Federal Credit Union
             312      Act, 12 U.S.C. Sec. 1752, including an institution-affiliated party of such a credit union as
             313      defined in 12 U.S.C. Sec. 1786(r);
             314          (d) a broker-dealer as defined in Section 61-1-13 ; or
             315          (e) any benefit association, insurance company, safe deposit company, money-market
             316      mutual fund, or similar entity authorized to do business in the state.
             317          [(5)] (6) "Financial record" is defined in the Right to Financial Privacy Act of 1978, 12
             318      U.S.C. Sec. 3401.
             319          [(6)] (7) "Income" means earnings, compensation, or other payment due to an individual,
             320      regardless of source, whether denominated as wages, salary, commission, bonus, pay, or contract
             321      payment, or denominated as advances on future wages, salary, commission, bonus, pay,
             322      allowances, contract payment, or otherwise, including severance pay, sick pay, and incentive pay.
             323      "Income" includes:
             324          (a) all gain derived from capital assets, labor, or both, including profit gained through sale
             325      or conversion of capital assets;
             326          (b) interest and dividends;
             327          (c) periodic payments made under pension or retirement programs or insurance policies
             328      of any type;
             329          (d) unemployment compensation benefits;
             330          (e) workers' compensation benefits; and
             331          (f) disability benefits.
             332          [(7)] (8) "IV-D" means Part D of Title IV of the Social Security Act, 42 U.S.C. Sec. [601]
             333      651 et seq.
             334          [(8)] (9) "New hire registry" means the centralized new hire registry created in Section
             335      35A-7-103 .
             336          [(9)] (10) "Obligee" means an individual, this state, another state, or other comparable
             337      jurisdiction to whom a debt is owed or who is entitled to reimbursement of child support or public


             338      assistance.
             339          [(10)] (11) "Obligor" means a person, firm, corporation, or the estate of a decedent owing
             340      money to this state, to an individual, to another state, or other comparable jurisdiction in whose
             341      behalf this state is acting.
             342          [(11)] (12) "Office" means the Office of Recovery Services.
             343          [(12)] (13) "Provider" means a person or entity that receives compensation from any public
             344      assistance program for goods or services provided to a public assistance recipient.
             345          [(13)] (14) "Public assistance" or "assistance" means:
             346          (a) services or benefits provided under Title 35A, Chapter 3, Employment Support Act;
             347          (b) medical assistance provided under Title 26, Chapter 18, Medical Assistance Act;
             348          (c) foster care maintenance payments under Part E of Title [IV-E] IV of the Social Security
             349      Act, 42 U.S.C. Sec. 670, et seq.;
             350          (d) food stamps; or
             351          (e) any other public funds expended for the benefit of a person in need of financial,
             352      medical, food, housing, or related assistance.
             353          [(14)] (15) "State case registry" means the central, automated record system maintained
             354      by the office and the central, automated district court record system maintained by the
             355      Administrative Office of the Courts, that contains records which use standardized data elements,
             356      such as names, social security numbers and other uniform identification numbers, dates of birth,
             357      and case identification numbers, with respect to:
             358          (a) each case in which services are being provided by the office under the state IV-D [state]
             359      child support services plan; and
             360          (b) each support order established or modified in the state on or after October 1, 1998.
             361          Section 7. Section 62A-11-104 is amended to read:
             362           62A-11-104. Duties of office.
             363          The office has the following duties:
             364          (1) to [collect] provide child support [from an obligor] services if:
             365          (a) the office has received an application for child support services; [or]
             366          (b) the state has provided public assistance; or
             367          (c) a child lives out of the home in the protective custody, temporary custody, or custody
             368      or care of the state or another party for at least 30 days;


             369          (2) to carry out the obligations of the department contained in this chapter and in Title 78,
             370      Chapters 45, 45a, and 45f for the purpose of collecting child support;
             371          (3) to recover public assistance provided to persons for which they were ineligible;
             372          (4) to collect money due the department which could act to offset expenditures by the
             373      state;
             374          (5) to cooperate with the federal government in programs designed to recover health and
             375      social service funds;
             376          (6) to collect civil or criminal assessments, fines, fees, amounts awarded as restitution, and
             377      reimbursable expenses owed to the state or any of its political subdivisions, if the office has
             378      contracted to provide collection services;
             379          (7) to implement income withholding for collection of child support in accordance with
             380      Part 4 of this chapter;
             381          (8) to enter into agreements with financial institutions doing business in the state to
             382      develop and operate, in coordination with such financial institutions, a data match system in the
             383      manner provided for in Section 62A-11-304.5 ;
             384          (9) to establish and maintain the state case registry in the manner required by the Social
             385      Security Act, 42 U.S.C. Sec. [654A] 654a, which shall include a record in each case of:
             386          (a) the amount of monthly or other periodic support owed under the order, and other
             387      amounts, including arrearages, interest, late payment penalties, or fees, due or overdue under the
             388      order;
             389          (b) any amount described in Subsection (9)(a) that has been collected;
             390          (c) the distribution of collected amounts;
             391          (d) the birth date of any child [from] for whom the order requires the provision of support;
             392      and
             393          (e) the amount of any lien imposed with respect to the order pursuant to this part;
             394          (10) to contract with the Department of Workforce Services to establish and maintain the
             395      new hire registry created under Section 35A-7-103 ;
             396          (11) to determine whether an individual who has applied for or is receiving cash assistance
             397      or Medicaid is cooperating in good faith with the office as required by Section 62A-11-307.2 ; and
             398          (12) to finance any costs incurred from collections, fees, General Fund appropriation,
             399      contracts, and federal financial participation.


             400          Section 8. Section 62A-11-301 is amended to read:
             401     
Part 3. Child Support Services Act

             402           62A-11-301. Title.
             403          This part [shall be] is known as the "[Public] Child Support [of Children] Services Act."
             404          Section 9. Section 62A-11-303 is amended to read:
             405           62A-11-303. Definitions.
             406          As used in this part:
             407          (1) "Adjudicative proceeding" means an action or proceeding of the office conducted in
             408      accordance with Title 63, Chapter 46b, Administrative Procedures Act.
             409          (2) "Administrative order" means an order that has been issued by the office, the
             410      department, or an administrative agency of another state or other comparable jurisdiction with
             411      similar authority to that of the office.
             412          (3) "Assistance" or "public assistance" is defined in Section 62A-11-103 .
             413          (4) "Business day" means a day on which state offices are open for regular business.
             414          (5) "Child" means:
             415          (a) a son or daughter under the age of 18 years who is not otherwise emancipated,
             416      self-supporting, married, or a member of the armed forces of the United States;
             417          (b) a son or daughter over the age of 18 years, while enrolled in high school during the
             418      normal and expected year of graduation and not otherwise emancipated, self-supporting, married,
             419      or a member of the armed forces of the United States; or
             420          (c) a son or daughter of any age who is incapacitated from earning a living and is without
             421      sufficient means.
             422          (6) "Child support" is defined in Section 62A-11-401 .
             423          (7) "Child support guidelines" or "guidelines" is defined in Section 78-45-2 .
             424          (8) "Child support order" or "support order" is defined in Section 62A-11-401 .
             425          [(13)] (9) "Child support services" or "IV-D child support services" is defined in Section
             426      62A-11-103 .
             427          [(9)] (10) "Court order" means a judgment or order of a [court] tribunal of appropriate
             428      jurisdiction of this state, another state, Native American tribe, the federal government, or any other
             429      comparable jurisdiction [issued under Section 30-3-5 , Section 78-3a-906 , Title 78, Chapter 45a,
             430      Uniform Act on Paternity, or other statute relating to support].


             431          [(10)] (11) "Director" means the director of the Office of Recovery Services.
             432          [(11)] (12) "Disposable earnings" is defined in Section 62A-11-103 .
             433          (13) "High-volume automated administrative enforcement" in interstate cases means, on
             434      the request of another state, the identification by the office, through automatic data matches with
             435      financial institutions and other entities where assets may be found, of assets owned by persons who
             436      owe child support in the requesting state, and the seizure of the assets by the office, through levy
             437      or other appropriate processes.
             438          [(12)] (14) "Income" is defined in Section 62A-11-103 .
             439          [(14)] (15) "Notice of agency action" means the notice required to commence an
             440      adjudicative proceeding in accordance with Section 63-46b-3 .
             441          [(15)] (16) "Obligee" means an individual, this state, another state, or [corporate] other
             442      comparable jurisdiction to whom a duty of child support is owed, or who is entitled to
             443      reimbursement of child support or public assistance.
             444          [(16)] (17) "Obligor" means a person, firm, corporation, or the estate of a decedent owing
             445      a duty of support to this state, to an individual, to another state, or other corporate jurisdiction in
             446      whose behalf this state is acting.
             447          [(17)] (18) "Office" is defined in Section 62A-11-103 .
             448          [(18)] (19) "Parent" means a natural parent[,] or an adoptive parent[, or stepparent] of a
             449      dependent child.
             450          [(19)] (20) "Person" includes an individual, firm, corporation, association, political
             451      subdivision, department, or office.
             452          [(20)] (21) "Presiding officer" means a presiding officer described in Section 63-46b-2 .
             453          [(21) "Stepparent" means a person ceremonially married to a child's natural or adoptive
             454      custodial parent who is not the child's natural or adoptive parent or one living with the natural or
             455      adoptive custodial parent as a common law spouse, whose common law marriage was entered into
             456      in a state which recognizes the validity of common law marriage.]
             457          (22) "Support" includes past-due, present, and future obligations established by:
             458          (a) a [court or administrative order] tribunal or imposed by law for the financial support,
             459      maintenance, [health] medical, or dental care of a dependent child; and
             460          (b) a [court or administrative order] tribunal for the financial support of a spouse or former
             461      spouse with whom the obligor's dependent child resides if the obligor also owes a child support


             462      obligation that is being enforced by the state.
             463          (23) "Support debt," "past-due support," or "arrears" means the debt created by
             464      nonpayment of support.
             465          (24) "Tribunal" means the district court, the Department of Human Services, the Office
             466      of Recovery Services, or court or administrative agency of any state, territory, possession of the
             467      United States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, Native American
             468      Tribe, or other comparable domestic or foreign jurisdiction.
             469          Section 10. Section 62A-11-304.2 is amended to read:
             470           62A-11-304.2. Issuance or modification of administrative order -- Compliance with
             471      court order -- Authority of office -- Stipulated agreements -- Interest -- Notification
             472      requirements.
             473          (1) Through an adjudicative proceeding the office may issue or modify an administrative
             474      order that:
             475          (a) determines paternity in accordance with Section 78-45a-10 ;
             476          (b) determines whether an obligor owes support;
             477          (c) determines temporary orders of child support upon clear and convincing evidence of
             478      paternity in the form of genetic test results or other evidence;
             479          (d) requires an obligor to pay a specific or determinable amount of present and future
             480      support;
             481          (e) determines the amount of past-due support;
             482          (f) orders an obligor who owes past-due support and is obligated to support a child
             483      receiving public assistance to participate in appropriate work activities if the obligor is unemployed
             484      and is not otherwise incapacitated;
             485          (g) imposes a penalty authorized under this chapter;
             486          (h) determines an issue that may be specifically contested under this chapter by a party
             487      who timely files a written request for an adjudicative proceeding with the office; and
             488          (i) renews an administrative judgment. [The office shall commence an adjudicative
             489      proceeding to renew a judgment by serving notice of agency action on the obligor before the
             490      judgment is barred by the applicable statute of limitations.]
             491          (2) (a) An abstract of a final administrative order issued under this section or a notice of
             492      judgment-lien under Section 62A-11-312.5 may be filed with the clerk of any district court.


             493          (b) Upon a filing under Subsection (2)(a), the clerk of the court shall:
             494          (i) docket the abstract or notice in the judgment docket of the court and note the time of
             495      receipt on the abstract or notice and in the judgment docket; and
             496          (ii) at the request of the office, place a copy of the abstract or notice in the file of a child
             497      support action involving the same parties.
             498          (3) [(a)] If a [court] judicial order has been issued, the office may not issue an order under
             499      Subsection (1) that is not based on the [court] judicial order[.], except:
             500          (a) the office may establish a new obligation in those cases in which the juvenile court has
             501      ordered the parties to meet with the office to determine the support pursuant to Section 78-3a-906 ;
             502      or
             503          (b) [Notwithstanding Subsection (3)(a),] the office may issue an order of current support
             504      in accordance with the child support guidelines if the conditions of Subsection 78-45f-207 (2)(c)
             505      are met.
             506          (4) The office may proceed under this section in the name of this state, another state under
             507      Section 62A-11-305 , any department of this state, the office, or the obligee.
             508          (5) The office may accept voluntary acknowledgment of a support obligation and enter into
             509      stipulated agreements providing for the issuance of an administrative order under this part.
             510          (6) The office may act in the name of the obligee in endorsing and cashing any drafts,
             511      checks, money orders, or other negotiable instruments received by the office for support.
             512          [(7) The office may assess interest not to exceed 1% per month on any unpaid support if
             513      notice of the assessment of interest has been provided to the obligor in a notice of agency action.]
             514          [(8)] (7) The obligor shall, after a notice of agency action has been served on him under
             515      this part, keep the office informed of:
             516          (a) his current address;
             517          (b) the name and address of current payors of income;
             518          (c) availability of or access to health insurance coverage; and
             519          (d) applicable health insurance policy information.
             520          Section 11. Section 62A-11-305 is amended to read:
             521           62A-11-305. Support collection services requested by agency of another state.
             522          (1) In accordance with Title 78, Chapter 45f, Uniform Interstate Family Support Act, the
             523      office may proceed to issue or modify an order under Section 62A-11-304.2 to collect under this


             524      part from an obligor who is located in or is a resident of this state regardless of the presence or
             525      residence of the obligee if:
             526          (a) support collection services are requested by an agency of another state that is operating
             527      under [Title] Part IV-D of the Social Security Act; or
             528          (b) an individual applies for services.
             529          (2) The office shall [respond within five business days] use high-volume automated
             530      administrative enforcement, to the same extent it is used for intrastate cases, in response to a
             531      request made by another state's IV-D child support agency to enforce [a] support [order] orders.
             532          (3) A request by another state shall constitute a certification by the requesting state:
             533          (a) of the amount of support under the order of payment of which is in arrears; and
             534          (b) that the requesting state has complied with procedural due process requirements
             535      applicable to the case.
             536          (4) The office shall give automated administrative interstate enforcement requests the same
             537      priority as a two-state referral received from another state to enforce a support order.
             538          (5) The office shall promptly report the results of the enforcement procedures to the
             539      requesting state.
             540          [(4)] (6) As required by the Social Security Act, 42 U.S.C. Sec. 666(a)(14), the office shall
             541      maintain records of:
             542          (a) the number of requests for enforcement assistance received by the office under this
             543      section;
             544          (b) the number of cases for which the state collected support in response to those requests;
             545      and
             546          (c) the amount of support collected.
             547          Section 12. Section 62A-11-312.5 is amended to read:
             548           62A-11-312.5. Liens by operation of law and writs of garnishment.
             549          (1) Each payment or installment of child support is, on and after the date it is due, a
             550      judgment with the same attributes and effect of any judgment of a district court in accordance with
             551      Section [ 30-3-10.6 ] 78-45-9.3 and for purposes of Section 78-22-1 .
             552          (2) (a) A judgment under Subsection (1) or final administrative order shall constitute a lien
             553      against the real property of the obligor upon the filing of a notice of judgment-lien in the district
             554      court where the obligor's real property is located if the notice:


             555          (i) identifies this section;
             556          (ii) specifies the amount of past-due support; and
             557          (iii) complies with the procedural requirements of Section 78-22-1 .
             558          (b) Rule 69, Utah Rules of Civil Procedure, shall apply to any action brought to execute
             559      a judgment or final administrative order under this section against real or personal property in the
             560      obligor's possession.
             561          (c) A lien under this Subsection (2) shall continue for a period of eight years from the time
             562      of docketing unless previously satisfied.
             563          (3) (a) The office may issue a writ of garnishment against the obligor's personal property
             564      in the possession of a third party for a judgment under Subsection (1) or a final administrative
             565      order in the same manner and with the same effect as if the writ were issued on a judgment of a
             566      district court if:
             567          (i) the judgment or final administrative order is recorded on the office's automated case
             568      registry; and
             569          (ii) the writ is signed by the director or the director's designee and served by certified mail,
             570      return receipt requested, or as prescribed by Rule 4, Utah Rules of Civil Procedure.
             571          (b) A writ of garnishment issued under Subsection (3)(a) is subject to the procedures and
             572      due process protections provided by Rule 64D, Utah Rules of Civil Procedure, except as provided
             573      by Section 62A-11-316 .
             573a      S SECTION 13. SECTION 62A-11-333 IS ENACTED TO READ:
             573b          62A-11-333. RIGHT TO JUDICIAL REVIEW.
             573c          (1)(a) WITHIN 30 DAYS OF NOTICE OF ANY ADMINISTRATIVE ACTION ON THE PART OF THE
             573d      OFFICE TO ESTABLISH PATERNITY OR ESTABLISH, MODIFY OR ENFORCE A CHILD SUPPORT
             573e      ORDER, THE OBLIGOR MAY FILE A PETITION FOR DE NOVO REVIEW WITH THE DISTRICT COURT.
             573f          (b) FOR PURPOSES OF SUBSECTION (1)(a), NOTICE INCLUDES:
             573g          (i) NOTICE ACTUALLY RECEIVED BY THE OBLIGOR IN ACCORDANCE WITH SECTION
             573h      62A-11-304.4;
             573i          (ii) PARTICIPATION BY THE OBLIGOR IN THE PROCEEDINGS RELATED TO THE
             573j      ESTABLISHMENT OF THE PATERNITY OR THE MODIFICATION OR ENFORCEMENT OF CHILD
             573k      SUPPORT; OR
             573l          (iii) RECEIVING A PAYCHECK IN WHICH A REDUCTION HAS BEEN MADE FOR CHILD
             573m      SUPPORT.
             573n          (2) THE PETITION SHALL NAME THE OFFICE AND ALL OTHER APPROPRIATE PARTIES AS
             573o      RESPONDENTS AND MEET THE FORM REQUIREMENTS SPECIFIED IN SECTION 63-46b-15.
             573p          (3) A COPY OF THE PETITION SHALL BE SERVED UPON THE CHILD AND FAMILY SUPPORT
             573q      DIVISION OF THE OFFICE OF ATTORNEY GENERAL. s


             573r          S (4)(a) IF THE PETITION IS REGARDING THE AMOUNT OF THE CHILD SUPPORT OBLIGATION
             573s      ESTABLISHED IN ACCORDANCE WITH TITLE 78, CHAPTER 45, UNIFORM CIVIL LIABILITY FOR
             573t      SUPPORT ACT, THE COURT MAY ISSUE A TEMPORARY ORDER FOR CHILD SUPPORT UNTIL A
             573u      FINAL ORDER IS ISSUED.
             573v          (b) THE PETITIONER MAY FILE AN AFFIDAVIT STATING THE AMOUNT OF CHILD SUPPORT
             573w      REASONABLY BELIEVED TO BE DUE AND THE COURT MAY ISSUE A TEMPORARY ORDER FOR
             573x      THAT AMOUNT. THE TEMPORARY ORDER SHALL BE VALID FOR 60 DAYS, UNLESS EXTENDED BY
             573y      THE COURT WHILE THE ACTION IS BEING PURSUED.
             573z          (c) IF THE COURT UPHOLDS THE AMOUNT OF SUPPORT ESTABLISHED IN SUBSECTION
             573aa      (4)(a), THE PETITIONER SHALL BE ORDERED TO MAKE UP THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN THE
             573ab      AMOUNT ORIGINALLY ORDERED IN SUBSECTION (4)(a) AND THE AMOUNT TEMPORARILY
             573ac      ORDERED UNDER SUBSECTION (4)(b).
             573ad          (d) THIS SUBSECTION (4) DOES NOT APPLY TO AN ACTION FOR THE COURT-ORDERED
             573ae      MODIFICATION OF A JUDICIAL CHILD SUPPORT ORDER.
             573af          (5) THE COURT MAY, ON ITS OWN INITIATIVE AND BASED ON THE EVIDENCE BEFORE IT,
             573ag      DETERMINE WHETHER THE PETITIONER VIOLATED U.R. CIV. P. RULE 11 BY FILING THE ACTION. IF
             573ah      THE COURT DETERMINES THAT U.R.CIV.P. RULE 11 WAS VIOLATED, IT SHALL, AT A MINIMUM,
             573ai      AWARD TO THE OFFICE ATTORNEYS' FEES AND COSTS FOR THE ACTION.
             573aj          (6) NOTHING IN THIS SECTION PRECLUDES THE OBLIGOR FROM SEEKING ADMINISTRATIVE
             573ak      REMEDIES AS PROVIDED IN THIS CHAPTER. s
             574          Section 13. Section 62A-11-401 is amended to read:
             575           62A-11-401. Definitions.
             576          As used in this part and in Part 5:
             577          (1) "Business day" means a day on which state offices are open for regular business.
             578          (2) "Child" is defined in Section 62A-11-303 .
             579          (3) "Child support" means a [financial obligation ordered by a court or administrative
             580      body] base child support award as defined in Subsection 78-45-2 (4), or a financial award for
             581      uninsured monthly medical expenses, ordered by a tribunal for the support of a child, including
             582      current periodic payments [and all arrearages. Child support includes court ordered obligations],
             583      all arrearages which accrue under an order for current periodic payments, and sum certain
             584      judgments awarded for arrearages, medical expenses, and child care costs . Child support includes
             585      obligations ordered by a tribunal for the support of a spouse or former spouse with whom the child


             586      resides if the spousal support is collected with the child support.
             587          (4) "Child support order" or "support order" means a judgment, decree, or order [of a court
             588      or administrative body whether interlocutory or final, whether or not prospectively or retroactively
             589      modifiable, whether incidental to a proceeding for divorce, judicial or legal separation, separate
             590      maintenance, paternity, guardianship, civil protection, or otherwise, which:], whether temporary,
             591      final, or subject to modification, issued by a tribunal for child support and related costs and fees,
             592      interest and penalties, income withholding, attorneys' fees, and other relief.
             593          [(a) establishes or modifies child support;]
             594          [(b) reduces child support arrearages to judgment; or]
             595          [(c) establishes child support or confirms a child support order under Title 78, Chapter 45f,
             596      Uniform Interstate Family Support Act.]
             597          [(8) "IV-D] (5) "Child support services" is defined in Section 62A-11-103 .
             598          [(5)] (6) "Delinquent" or "delinquency" means that child support in an amount at least
             599      equal to current child support payable for one month is overdue.
             600          [(6)] (7) "Immediate income withholding" means income withholding without regard to
             601      whether a delinquency has occurred.
             602          [(7)] (8) "Income" is defined in Section 62A-11-103 .
             603          (9) "Jurisdiction" means a state or political subdivision of the United States, a territory or
             604      possession of the United States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, an
             605      Indian tribe or tribal organization, or any comparable foreign nation or political subdivision.
             606          (10) "Obligee" is defined in Section 62A-11-303 .
             607          (11) "Obligor" is defined in Section 62A-11-303 .
             608          (12) "Office" is defined in Section 62A-11-103 .
             609          (13) "Payor" means an employer or any person who is a source of income to an obligor.
             610          Section 14. Section 62A-11-406 is amended to read:
             611           62A-11-406. Notice to payor.
             612          Upon compliance with the applicable provisions of this part the office shall mail or deliver
             613      to each payor at the payor's last-known address written notice stating:
             614          (1) the amount of child support to be withheld from income;
             615          (2) that the child support must be withheld from the obligor's income each time the obligor
             616      is paid, but that the amount withheld may not exceed the maximum amount permitted under


             617      Section 303 (b) of the Consumer Credit Protection Act, 15 U.S.C. Sec. 1673 (b);
             618          (3) that the payor must mail or deliver the withheld income to the office within seven
             619      business days of the date the amount would have been paid or credited to the employee but for this
             620      section;
             621          (4) that[, once per month,] the payor may deduct from the obligor's income an additional
             622      amount which is equal to the amount payable to a garnishee under Rule 64D of the Utah Rules of
             623      Civil Procedure, as the payor's fee for administrative costs, but the total amount withheld may not
             624      exceed the maximum amount permitted under Section 303 (b) of the Consumer Credit Protection
             625      Act, 15 U.S.C. Sec. 1673 (b);
             626          (5) that the notice to withhold is binding on the payor and on any future payor until further
             627      notice by the office or a court;
             628          (6) (a) that if the payor fails to mail or deliver withheld income to the office within the
             629      time period set in Subsection (3), the payor is liable to the office for a late fee of $50 or 10% of
             630      the withheld income, whichever is greater, for each payment that is late, per obligor; and
             631          (b) that if the payor willfully fails to withhold income in accordance with the notice, the
             632      payor is liable to the office for $1,000 or the accumulated amount the payor should have withheld,
             633      whichever is greater, plus interest on that amount;
             634          (7) that the notice to withhold is prior to any other legal process under state law;
             635          (8) that the payor must begin to withhold income no later than the first time the obligor's
             636      earnings are normally paid after five working days from the date the payor receives the notice;
             637          (9) that the payor must notify the office within five days after the obligor terminates
             638      employment or the periodic income payment is terminated, and provide the obligor's last-known
             639      address and the name and address of any new payor, if known;
             640          (10) that if the payor discharges, refuses to employ, or takes disciplinary action against an
             641      obligor because of the notice to withhold, the payor is liable to the obligor as provided in Section
             642      62A-11-316 , and to the office for the greater of $1,000 or the amount of child support accumulated
             643      to the date of discharge which the payor should have withheld, plus interest on that amount; and
             644          (11) that, in addition to any other remedy provided in this section, the payor is liable for
             645      costs and reasonable attorneys' fees incurred in enforcing any provision in a notice to withhold
             646      mailed or delivered to the payor's last-known address.
             647          Section 15. Section 62A-11-506 is amended to read:


             648           62A-11-506. Notice to payor.
             649          (1) A notice mailed or delivered to a payor under this part shall state in writing:
             650          (a) the amount of child support to be withheld from income;
             651          (b) that the child support must be withheld from the obligor's income each time the obligor
             652      is paid, but that the amount withheld may not exceed the maximum amount permitted under
             653      Section 303(b) of the Consumer Credit Protection Act, 15 U.S.C. Section 1673(b);
             654          (c) that the payor must mail or deliver the withheld income to the office within seven
             655      business days of the date the amount would have been paid or credited to the employee but for this
             656      section;
             657          (d) that[, once per month,] the payor may deduct from the obligor's income an additional
             658      amount which is equal to the amount payable to a garnishee under Rule 64D of the Utah Rules of
             659      Civil Procedure, as the payor's fee for administrative costs, but the total amount withheld may not
             660      exceed the maximum amount permitted under Section 303(b) of the Consumer Credit Protection
             661      Act, 15 U.S.C. Section 1673(b);
             662          (e) that the notice to withhold is binding on the payor and on any future payor until further
             663      notice by the office or a court;
             664          (f) (i) that if the payor fails to mail or deliver withheld income to the office within the time
             665      period set in Subsection (1)(c), the payor is liable to the obligee for a late fee of $50 or 10% of the
             666      withheld income, whichever is greater, for each payment that is late; and
             667          (ii) that if the payor willfully fails to withhold income in accordance with the notice, the
             668      payor is liable to the obligee for $1,000 or the accumulated amount the payor should have
             669      withheld, whichever is greater, plus interest on that amount;
             670          (g) that the notice to withhold is prior to any other legal process under state law;
             671          (h) that the payor must begin to withhold income no later than the first time the obligor's
             672      earnings are normally paid after five working days from the date the payor receives the notice;
             673          (i) that the payor must notify the office within five days after the obligor terminates
             674      employment or the periodic income payment is terminated, and provide the obligor's last-known
             675      address and the name and address of any new payor, if known;
             676          (j) that if the payor discharges, refuses to employ, or takes disciplinary action against an
             677      obligor because of the notice to withhold, the payor is liable to the obligor as provided in Section
             678      62A-11-316 and the obligee for the greater of $1,000 or the amount of child support accumulated


             679      to the date of discharge which the payor should have withheld plus interest on that amount; and
             680          (k) that, in addition to any other remedy provided in this section, the payor is liable to the
             681      obligee or obligor for costs and reasonable attorneys' fees incurred in enforcing a provision in a
             682      notice to withhold mailed or delivered under Section 62A-11-502 or 62A-11-504 .
             683          (2) If the obligor's employment with a payor is terminated, the office shall, if known and
             684      if contacted by the obligee, inform the obligee of:
             685          (a) the obligor's last-known address; and
             686          (b) the name and address of any new payor.
             687          Section 16. Section 78-3a-414 is amended to read:
             688           78-3a-414. Voluntary relinquishment -- Irrevocable.
             689          (1) Voluntary relinquishment or consent for termination of parental rights shall be signed
             690      or confirmed under oath before a judge of any court that has jurisdiction over proceedings for
             691      termination of parental rights in this state or any other state, or a public officer appointed by that
             692      court for the purpose of taking consents or relinquishments.
             693          (2) The court or appointed officer shall certify that the person executing the consent or
             694      relinquishment has read and understands the consent or relinquishment and has signed it freely and
             695      voluntarily.
             696          (3) A voluntary relinquishment or consent for termination of parental rights is effective
             697      when it is signed and may not be revoked.
             698          (4) The requirements and processes described in Sections 78-3a-402 through 78-3a-410
             699      do not apply to a voluntary relinquishment or consent for termination of parental rights. The court
             700      need only find that the relinquishment or termination is in the child's best interest.
             700a           S (5) THERE IS A PRESUMPTION THAT VOLUNTARY RELINQUISHMENT OR CONSENT FOR
             700b      TERMINATION OF PARENTAL RIGHTS IS NOT IN THE CHILD'S BEST INTEREST WHERE IT
             700c      APPEARS TO THE COURT THAT THE PRIMARY PURPOSE IS TO AVOID A FINANCIAL SUPPORT
             700d      OBLIGATION. THE PRESUMPTION MAY BE REBUTTED, HOWEVER, IF THE COURT FINDS THE
             700e      RELINQUISHMENT OR CONSENT TO TERMINATION OF PARENTAL RIGHTS WILL FACILITATE THE
             700f      ESTABLISHMENT OF STABILITY AND PERMANENCY FOR THE CHILD.
             701           [(5) ] (6) s Upon granting a voluntary relinquishment the court may make orders relating to the
             702      child's care and welfare that the court [deems] considers to be in the child's best interest.
             703           S [ (6) Unless the court makes a specific finding, voluntary relinquishment or termination of
             704      parental rights may not be accepted by the court if:
             705          (a) the parent who is relinquishing rights has a financial responsibility to support a child
             706      and there is no person to take the relinquishing parent's place who will be responsible for the
             707      financial support of the child; and
s


             708     
S      (b) there is no substantiated abuse, neglect, or dependency on the part of the parent who
             709      is seeking relinquishment
.] s


             710          Section 17. Section 78-3a-906 is amended to read:
             711           78-3a-906. Support and expenses of minor in custody of individual or institution --
             712      Order for payment by parent or other person authorized -- Payments to nongovernmental
             713      agency vested with legal custody.
             714          (1) When legal custody of a minor is vested by the court in an individual, a secure youth
             715      corrections facility, or any other state department, division, or agency other than his parents, the
             716      court shall in the same or any subsequent proceeding require the parents, a parent, or any other
             717      person who may be obligated, to support the minor and to pay any other expenses of the minor,
             718      including the expense of any medical, psychiatric, or psychological examination or treatment
             719      provided under order of the court. The liability for support shall accrue beginning with the date
             720      the minor is removed from the home, including the time spent in detention or sheltered care.
             721          (2) The court may refer the determination of that matter to the Office of Recovery Services
             722      for administrative [adjudication] determination. Support obligation amounts shall be set by the
             723      Office of Recovery Services in accordance with Title 78, Chapter 45, Uniform Civil Liability for
             724      Support Act.
             725          (3) Unless otherwise ordered, the parents or other person shall pay to the Office of
             726      Recovery Services for transmission to the person or agency having legal custody of the minor or
             727      to whom compensation is due. The clerk of the court or Office of Recovery Services shall have
             728      authority to receive periodic payments for the care and maintenance of the minor, such as Social
             729      Security payments or railroad retirement payments made in the name of or for the benefit of the
             730      minor.
             731          (4) No court order under this section against a parent or other person shall be entered,
             732      unless summons has been served within the state, a voluntary appearance is made, or a waiver of
             733      service given. The summons shall specify that a hearing with respect to the financial support of
             734      the minor will be held.
             735          (5) An order entered under this section against a parent or other person may be enforced
             736      by contempt proceedings and shall also have the effect of a judgment. Upon request of the court,
             737      the county attorney shall enforce orders of the court issued under this section.
             738          (6) Payment for child support may be made to a nongovernmental agency in whom the
             739      court vests legal custody, provided that the agency shall make periodic reports to the court
             740      concerning the care and treatment the minor is receiving and his response to such treatment. Such


             741      reports shall be made at such intervals as the court may direct and shall be made with respect to
             742      each minor at least every six months. The agency shall also afford an opportunity for a
             743      representative of the court to visit the minor as frequently as the court considers necessary.
             744          Section 18. Section 78-12-22 is amended to read:
             745           78-12-22. Statute of Limitations -- Eight years.
             746          An action may be brought within eight years[: (1)] upon a judgment or decree of any court
             747      of the United States, or of any state or territory within the United States[;].
             748          [(2) to enforce any liability due or to become due, for failure to provide support or
             749      maintenance for dependent children.]
             750          Section 19. Section 78-22-1 is amended to read:
             751           78-22-1. Duration of judgment -- Judgment as lien upon real property -- Abstract
             752      of judgment -- Small claims judgment not lien -- Appeal of judgment -- Child support orders.
             753          (1) [Judgments] Except as provided in Subsection (6), judgments shall continue for eight
             754      years unless previously satisfied or unless enforcement of the judgment is stayed in accordance
             755      with law.
             756          (2) Prior to July 1, 1997, except as limited by Subsections (4) and (5), the entry of
             757      judgment by a district court is a lien upon the real property of the judgment debtor, not exempt
             758      from execution, owned or acquired during the existence of the judgment, located in the county in
             759      which the judgment is entered.
             760          (3) Prior to and after July 1, 1997, an abstract of judgment issued by the court in which the
             761      judgment is entered may be recorded in any court of this state and shall have the same force and
             762      effect as a judgment entered in that court.
             763          (4) Prior to July 1, 1997, and after May 15, 1998, a judgment entered in the small claims
             764      division of any court shall not qualify as a lien upon real property unless abstracted to the civil
             765      division of the district court and recorded in accordance with Subsection (3).
             766          (5) (a) If any judgment is appealed, upon deposit with the court where the notice of appeal
             767      is filed of cash or other security in a form and amount considered sufficient by the court that
             768      rendered the judgment to secure the full amount of the judgment, together with ongoing interest
             769      and any other anticipated damages or costs, including attorney's fees and costs on appeal, the lien
             770      created by Subsection (2) shall be terminated as provided in Subsection (5)(b).
             771          (b) Upon the deposit of sufficient security as provided in Subsection (5)(a), the court shall


             772      enter an order terminating the lien created by the judgment under Subsection (2) and granting the
             773      judgment creditor a perfected lien in the deposited security as of the date of the original judgment.
             774          (6) Enforcement of a child support order may be pursued at any time within four years
             775      after the date the youngest child reaches majority.
             776          Section 20. Section 78-32-17 is amended to read:
             777           78-32-17. Noncompliance with child support order.
             778          (1) When a court of competent jurisdiction, or the Office of Recovery Services pursuant
             779      to an action under Title 63, Chapter 46b, Administrative Procedures Act, makes an order requiring
             780      a parent to furnish support or necessary food, clothing, shelter, medical care, or other remedial care
             781      for his child, [proof that such order was made, filed with the district court,] and the parent fails to
             782      do so, proof of noncompliance shall be prima facie evidence of contempt of court.
             783          (2) Proof of noncompliance may be demonstrated by showing that:
             784          (a) the order was made, and filed with the district court; and
             785          (b) the parent knew of the order because:
             786          (i) the order was mailed to the parent at his last-known address as shown on the court
             787      records [or proof that];
             788          (ii) the parent was present in court at the time the order was pronounced[, and proof of
             789      noncompliance therewith shall be prima facie evidence of a contempt of court.];
             790          (iii) the parent entered into a written stipulation and the parent or counsel for the parent
             791      was sent a copy of the order;
             792          (iv) counsel was present in court and entered into a stipulation which was accepted and
             793      the order based upon the stipulation was then sent to counsel for the parent; or
             794          (v) the parent was properly served and failed to answer.
             795          [(2)] (3) Upon establishment of a prima facie case of contempt under Subsection [(1)] (2),
             796      the obligor under the child support order has the burden of proving inability to comply with the
             797      child support order.
             798          [(3)] (4) A court may, in addition to other available sanctions, withhold, suspend, or
             799      restrict the use of driver's licenses, professional and occupational licenses, and recreational licenses
             800      and impose conditions for reinstatement upon a finding that:
             801          (a) an obligor has:
             802          (i) made no payment for 60 days on a current obligation of support as set forth in an


             803      administrative or court order and, thereafter, has failed to make a good faith effort under the
             804      circumstances to make payment on the support obligation in accordance with the order; or
             805          (ii) made no payment for 60 days on an arrearage obligation of support as set forth in a
             806      payment schedule, written agreement with the Office of Recovery Services, or an administrative
             807      or judicial order and, thereafter, has failed to make a good faith effort under the circumstances to
             808      make payment on the arrearage obligation in accordance with the payment schedule, agreement,
             809      or order; and
             810          (iii) not obtained a judicial order staying enforcement of the support or arrearage obligation
             811      for which the obligor would be otherwise delinquent;
             812          (b) a custodial parent has:
             813          (i) violated a child visitation order by denying contact for 60 days between a noncustodial
             814      parent and a child and, thereafter, has failed to make a good faith effort under the circumstances
             815      to comply with a visitation order; and
             816          (ii) not obtained a judicial order staying enforcement of the visitation order; or
             817          (c) an obligor or obligee, after receiving appropriate notice, has failed to comply with a
             818      subpoena or order relating to a paternity or child support proceeding.
             819          Section 21. Section 78-45-2 is amended to read:
             820           78-45-2. Definitions.
             821          As used in this chapter:
             822          (1) "Adjusted gross income" means income calculated under Subsection 78-45-7.6 (1).
             823          (2) "Administrative agency" means the Office of Recovery Services or the Department of
             824      Human Services.
             825          (3) "Administrative order" means an order that has been issued by the Office of Recovery
             826      Services, the Department of Human Services, or an administrative agency of another state or other
             827      comparable jurisdiction with similar authority to that of the office.
             828          (4) "Base child support award" means the award that may be ordered and is calculated
             829      using the guidelines before additions for medical expenses and work-related child care costs.
             830          (5) "Base combined child support obligation table," "child support table," "base child
             831      support obligation table," "low income table," or "table" means the appropriate table in Section
             832      78-45-7.14 .
             833          (6) "Child" means:


             834          (a) a son or daughter under the age of 18 years who is not otherwise emancipated,
             835      self-supporting, married, or a member of the armed forces of the United States;
             836          (b) a son or daughter over the age of 18 years, while enrolled in high school during the
             837      normal and expected year of graduation and not otherwise emancipated, self-supporting, married,
             838      or a member of the armed forces of the United States; or
             839          (c) a son or daughter of any age who is incapacitated from earning a living and, if able to
             840      provide some financial resources to the family, is not able to support self by own means.
             841          (7) "Child support" [is defined in Section 62A-11-401 ] means a base child support award
             842      as defined in Section 78-45-2 , or a monthly financial award for uninsured medical expenses,
             843      ordered by a tribunal for the support of a child, including current periodic payments, all arrearages
             844      which accrue under an order for current periodic payments, and sum certain judgments awarded
             845      for arrearages, medical expenses, and child care costs.
             846          (8) "Child support order" or "support order" [is defined in Section 62A-11-401 ] means a
             847      judgment, decree, or order of a tribunal whether interlocutory or final, whether or not prospectively
             848      or retroactively modifiable, whether incidental to a proceeding for divorce, judicial or legal
             849      separation, separate maintenance, paternity, guardianship, civil, protection, or otherwise which:
             850          (a) establishes or modifies child support;
             851          (b) reduces child support arrearages to judgment; or
             852          (c) establishes child support or registers a child support order under Title 78, Chapter 45f,
             853      Uniform Interstate Family Support Act.
             854          [(12)] (9) "Child support services" or "IV-D child support services" means services
             855      provided pursuant to Part D of Title IV of the Social Security Act, 42 U.S.C. Section [601] 651
             856      et seq.
             857          [(9)] (10) "Court" means the district court or juvenile court.
             858          [(10)] (11) "Guidelines" means the child support guidelines in Sections 78-45-7.2 through
             859      78-45-7.21 .
             860          [(11)] (12) "Income" [is defined in Section 62A-11-303 .] means earnings, compensation,
             861      or other payment due to an individual, regardless of source, whether denominated as wages, salary,
             862      commission, bonus, pay, allowances, contract payment, or otherwise, including severance pay, sick
             863      pay, and incentive pay. "Income" includes:
             864          (a) all gain derived from capital assets, labor, or both, including profit gained through sale


             865      or conversion of capital assets;
             866          (b) interest and dividends;
             867          (c) periodic payments made under pension or retirement programs or insurance policies
             868      of any type;
             869          (d) unemployment compensation benefits;
             870          (e) workers' compensation benefits; and
             871          (f) disability benefits .
             872          (13) "Joint physical custody" means the child stays with each parent overnight for more
             873      than 25% of the year, and both parents contribute to the expenses of the child in addition to paying
             874      child support.
             875          (14) "Medical expenses" means health and dental expenses and related insurance costs.
             876          (15) "Obligee" [is defined in Section 62A-11-103 ] means an individual, this state, another
             877      state, or another comparable jurisdiction to whom child support is owed or who is entitled to
             878      reimbursement of child support or public assistance.
             879          (16) "Obligor" means any person owing a duty of support.
             880          (17) "Office" means the Office of Recovery Services within the Department of Human
             881      Services.
             882          (18) "Parent" includes a natural parent, or an adoptive parent[, or a stepparent].
             883          (19) "Split custody" means that each parent has physical custody of at least one of the
             884      children.
             885          (20) "State" includes any state, territory, [or] possession of the United States, the District
             886      of Columbia, [and] the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, Native American Tribe, or other
             887      comparable domestic or foreign jurisdiction.
             888          [(21) "Stepchild" means any child having a stepparent.]
             889          [(22) "Stepparent" means a person ceremonially married to a child's natural or adoptive
             890      custodial parent who is not the child's natural or adoptive parent or a person living with the natural
             891      or adoptive parent as a common law spouse, whose common law marriage was entered into in this
             892      state under Section 30-1-4.5 or in any other state which recognizes the validity of common law
             893      marriages.]
             894          (21) "Third party" means an agency or a person other than the biological or adoptive parent
             895      or a child who provides care, maintenance, and support to a child.


             896          (22) "Tribunal" means the district court, the Department of Human Services, Office of
             897      Recovery Services, or court or administrative agency of any state, territory, possession of the
             898      United States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, Native American
             899      Tribe, or other comparable domestic or foreign jurisdiction.
             900          (23) "Work-related child care costs" means reasonable child care costs for up to a full-time
             901      work week or training schedule as necessitated by the employment or training of a parent under
             902      Section 78-45-7.17 .
             903          (24) "Worksheets" means the forms used to aid in calculating the base child support award.
             904          Section 22. Section 78-45-3 is amended to read:
             905           78-45-3. Duty of man.
             906          (1) Every father shall support his child[;] and every child shall be presumed to be in need
             907      of the support of his father. Every man shall support his wife when she is in need.
             908          (2) Except as limited in a court order under Section 30-3-5 , 30-4-3 , or 78-45-7.15 :
             909          (a) The expenses incurred on behalf of a minor child for reasonable and necessary medical
             910      and dental expenses, and other necessities are chargeable upon the property of both parents,
             911      regardless of the marital status of the parents.
             912          (b) Either or both parents may be sued by a creditor for the expenses described in
             913      Subsection (2)(a) incurred on behalf of minor children.
             914          Section 23. Section 78-45-4 is amended to read:
             915           78-45-4. Duty of woman.
             916          (1) Every woman shall support her child[; and she] and every child shall be presumed to
             917      be in need of the support of his mother. Every woman shall support her husband when he is in
             918      need.
             919          (2) Except as limited in a court order under Section 30-3-5 , 30-4-3 , or 78-45-7.15 :
             920          (a) The expenses incurred on behalf of a minor child for reasonable and necessary medical
             921      and dental expenses, and other necessities are chargeable upon the property of both parents,
             922      regardless of the marital status of the parents.
             923          (b) Either or both parents may be sued by a creditor for the expenses described in
             924      Subsection (2)(a) incurred on behalf of minor children.
             925          Section 24. Section 78-45-4.2 is amended to read:
             926           78-45-4.2. Natural or adoptive parent has primary obligation of support -- Right of


             927      third party to recover support.
             928          Nothing contained [herein] in this chapter shall act to relieve the natural parent or adoptive
             929      parent of the primary obligation of support[; furthermore, a stepparent]. A third party has the same
             930      right to recover support [for a stepchild] from the natural or adoptive parent as [any other obligee]
             931      a custodial parent.
             932          Section 25. Section 78-45-4.3 is amended to read:
             933           78-45-4.3. Ward of state -- Primary obligation to support.
             934          [Notwithstanding Section 78-45-2 , a] A natural or an adoptive parent [or stepparent] whose
             935      minor child has become a ward of [the] this or any other state is not relieved of the primary
             936      obligation to support that child until he reaches the age of majority, regardless of any agreements
             937      or legal defenses that may exist between the parents or other care providers. Any state that
             938      provides support for a child shall have the right to reimbursement.
             939          Section 26. Section 78-45-4.4 is enacted to read:
             940          78-45-4.4. Support follows the child.
             941          (1) Obligations ordered for child support and medical expenses are for the use and benefit
             942      of the child and shall follow the child.
             943          (2) Except in cases of joint physical custody and split custody as defined in Section
             944      78-45-2 , when physical custody changes from that assumed in the original order, the parent
             945      without physical custody of a child shall be required to pay the amount of support determined in
             946      accordance with Sections 78-45-7.7 and 78-45-7.15 , without the need to modify the order for:
             947          (a) the parent who has physical custody of the child;
             948          (b) a relative to whom physical custody of the child has been voluntarily given; or
             949          (c) the state when the child is residing outside of the home in the protective custody,
             950      temporary custody, or custody or care of the state or a state-licensed facility for at least 30 days.
             951          Section 27. Section 78-45-4.5 is enacted to read:
             952          78-45-4.5. Waiver and estoppel.
             953          (1) Waiver and estoppel shall apply only to the custodial parent when there is no order
             954      already established by a tribunal if the custodial parent freely and voluntarily waives support
             955      specifically and in writing.
             956           S [ (2) Waiver and estoppel may not apply if there is an order establishing support. ]
             957           [ (3) ] (2) s Waiver and estoppel may not be applied against any third party or public entity that


             958      may provide support for the child.
             959          (4) A noncustodial parent, or alleged biological father in a paternity action, may not rely
             960      on statements made by the custodial parent of the child concerning child support unless the
             961      statements are reduced to writing and signed by both parties.
             962          Section 28. Section 78-45-7.3 is amended to read:
             963           78-45-7.3. Procedure -- Documentation -- Stipulation.
             964          (1) In [a default or uncontested proceeding] any matter in which child support is ordered,
             965      the moving party shall submit:
             966          (a) a completed child support worksheet;
             967          (b) the financial verification required by Subsection 78-45-7.5 (5); [and]
             968          (c) a written statement indicating whether or not the amount of child support requested
             969      is consistent with the guidelines[.]; and
             970          (d) the information required under Subsection (3).
             971          (2) (a) If the documentation of income required under Subsection (1) is not available, a
             972      verified representation of the [defaulting] other party's income by the moving party, based on the
             973      best evidence available, may be submitted.
             974          (b) The evidence shall be in affidavit form and may only be offered after a copy has been
             975      provided to the [defaulting] other party in accordance with Utah Rules of Civil Procedure or Title
             976      63, Chapter 46b, Administrative Procedures Act, in an administrative proceeding.
             977          [(3) (a) In a stipulated proceeding, one of the moving parties shall submit:]
             978          [(i) a completed child support worksheet;]
             979          [(ii) the financial verification required by Subsection 78-45-7.5 (5); and]
             980          [(iii) a written statement indicating whether or not the amount of child support requested
             981      is consistent with the guidelines.]
             982          [(b) A hearing is not required, but the guidelines shall be used to review the adequacy of
             983      a child support order negotiated by the parents.]
             984          (3) Upon the entry of an order in a proceeding to establish paternity or to establish, modify,
             985      or enforce a support order, each party shall file identifying information and shall update that
             986      information as changes occur with the court that conducted the proceeding.
             987          (a) The required identifying information shall include the person's social security number,
             988      driver's license number, residential and mailing addresses, telephone numbers, the name, address


             989      and telephone number of employers, and any other data required by the United States Secretary
             990      of Health and Human Services.
             991          (b) Attorneys representing the office in child support services cases are not required to file
             992      the identifying information required by Subsection (3)(a).
             993          [(c)] (4) A stipulated amount for child support or combined child support and alimony is
             994      adequate under the guidelines if the stipulated child support amount or combined amount equals
             995      or exceeds the base child support award required by the guidelines.
             996          Section 29. Section 78-45-7.5 is amended to read:
             997           78-45-7.5. Determination of gross income -- Imputed income.
             998          (1) As used in the guidelines, "gross income" includes:
             999          (a) prospective income from any source, including nonearned sources, except under
             1000      Subsection (3); and
             1001          (b) income from salaries, wages, commissions, royalties, bonuses, rents, gifts from anyone,
             1002      prizes, dividends, severance pay, pensions, interest, trust income, alimony from previous
             1003      marriages, annuities, capital gains, social security benefits, workers' compensation benefits,
             1004      unemployment compensation, disability insurance benefits, and payments from "nonmeans-tested"
             1005      government programs.
             1006          (2) Income from earned income sources is limited to the equivalent of one full-time
             1007      40-hour job. However, if and only if during the time prior to the original support order, the parent
             1008      normally and consistently worked more than 40 hours at his job, the court may consider this extra
             1009      time as a pattern in calculating the parent's ability to provide child support.
             1010          (3) Specifically excluded from gross income are:
             1011          (a) cash assistance provided under Title 35A, Chapter 3, Part 3, Family Employment
             1012      Program;
             1013          (b) benefits received under a housing subsidy program, the Job Training Partnership Act,
             1014      Supplemental Security Income, Social Security Disability Insurance, Medicaid, Food Stamps, or
             1015      General Assistance; and
             1016          (c) other similar means-tested welfare benefits received by a parent.
             1017          (4) (a) Gross income from self-employment or operation of a business shall be calculated
             1018      by subtracting necessary expenses required for self-employment or business operation from gross
             1019      receipts. The income and expenses from self-employment or operation of a business shall be


             1020      reviewed to determine an appropriate level of gross income available to the parent to satisfy a child
             1021      support award. Only those expenses necessary to allow the business to operate at a reasonable
             1022      level may be deducted from gross receipts.
             1023          (b) Gross income determined under this subsection may differ from the amount of business
             1024      income determined for tax purposes.
             1025          (5) (a) When possible, gross income should first be computed on an annual basis and then
             1026      recalculated to determine the average gross monthly income.
             1027          (b) Each parent shall provide verification of current income. Each parent shall provide
             1028      year-to-date pay stubs or employer statements and complete copies of tax returns from at least the
             1029      most recent year unless the court finds the verification is not reasonably available. Verification
             1030      of income from records maintained by the Department of Workforce Services may be substituted
             1031      for pay stubs, employer statements, and income tax returns.
             1032          (c) Historical and current earnings shall be used to determine whether an
             1033      underemployment or overemployment situation exists.
             1034          (6) Gross income includes income imputed to the parent under Subsection (7).
             1035          (7) (a) Income may not be imputed to a parent unless the parent stipulates to the amount
             1036      imputed [or], the party defaults, or, in contested cases, a hearing is held and a finding made that
             1037      the parent is voluntarily unemployed or underemployed.
             1038          (b) If income is imputed to a parent, the income shall be based upon employment potential
             1039      and probable earnings as derived from work history, occupation qualifications, and prevailing
             1040      earnings for persons of similar backgrounds in the community, or the median earning for persons
             1041      in the same occupation in the same geographical area as found in the statistics maintained by the
             1042      Bureau of Labor Statistics.
             1043          (c) If a parent has no recent work history or their occupation is unknown, income shall be
             1044      imputed at least at the federal minimum wage for a 40-hour work week. To impute a greater
             1045      income, the judge in a judicial proceeding or the presiding officer in an administrative proceeding
             1046      shall enter specific findings of fact as to the evidentiary basis for the imputation.
             1047          (d) Income may not be imputed if any of the following conditions exist:
             1048          (i) the reasonable costs of child care for the parents' minor children approach or equal the
             1049      amount of income the custodial parent can earn;
             1050          (ii) a parent is physically or mentally disabled to the extent he cannot earn minimum wage;


             1051          (iii) a parent is engaged in career or occupational training to establish basic job skills; or
             1052          (iv) unusual emotional or physical needs of a child require the custodial parent's presence
             1053      in the home.
             1054          (8) (a) Gross income may not include the earnings of a minor child who is the subject of
             1055      a child support award nor benefits to a minor child in the child's own right such as Supplemental
             1056      Security Income.
             1057          (b) Social Security benefits received by a child due to the earnings of a parent shall be
             1058      credited as child support to the parent upon whose earning record it is based, by crediting the
             1059      amount against the potential obligation of that parent. Other unearned income of a child may be
             1060      considered as income to a parent depending upon the circumstances of each case.
             1061          Section 30. Section 78-45-7.7 is amended to read:
             1062           78-45-7.7. Calculation of obligations.
             1063          (1) [The parents'] Each parent's child support obligation shall be [divided between them]
             1064      established in proportion to their adjusted gross incomes, unless the low income table is applicable.
             1065      Except during periods of court-ordered visitation as set forth in Section 78-45-7.11 , the parents are
             1066      obligated to pay their proportionate shares of the base combined child support obligation. If
             1067      physical custody of the child changes from that assumed in the original order, modification of the
             1068      order is not necessary, even if only one parent is specifically ordered to pay in the order.
             1069          (2) Except in cases of joint physical custody and split custody as defined in Section
             1070      78-45-2 and in cases where the obligor's adjusted gross income is $1,050 or less monthly, the base
             1071      child support award shall be determined as follows:
             1072          (a) combine the adjusted gross incomes of the parents and determine the base combined
             1073      child support obligation using the base combined child support obligation table; and
             1074          (b) calculate each parent's proportionate share of the base combined child support
             1075      obligation by multiplying the combined child support obligation by each parent's percentage of
             1076      combined adjusted gross income.
             1077          (3) In the case of an incapacitated adult child, any amount that the incapacitated adult child
             1078      can contribute to his or her support may be considered in the determination of child support and
             1079      may be used to justify a reduction in the amount of support ordered, except that in the case of
             1080      orders involving multiple children, the reduction shall not be greater than the effect of reducing
             1081      the total number of children by one in the child support table calculation.


             1082          (4) In cases where the monthly adjusted gross income of the obligor is between $650 and
             1083      $1,050, the base child support award shall be the lesser of the amount calculated in accordance
             1084      with Subsection (2) and the amount calculated using the low income table. If the income and
             1085      number of children is found in an area of the low income table in which no amount is shown, the
             1086      base combined child support obligation table is to be used.
             1087          (5) The base combined child support obligation table provides combined child support
             1088      obligations for up to six children. For more than six children, additional amounts may be added
             1089      to the base child support obligation shown. Unless rebutted by Subsection 78-45-7.2 (3), the
             1090      amount ordered shall not be less than the amount which would be ordered for up to six children.
             1091          (6) If the monthly adjusted gross income of the obligor is $649 or less, the [court or
             1092      administrative agency] tribunal shall determine the amount of the child support obligation on a
             1093      case-by-case basis, but the base child support award shall not be less than $20.
             1094          (7) The amount shown on the table is the support amount for the total number of children,
             1095      not an amount per child.
             1096          Section 31. Section 78-45-7.10 is amended to read:
             1097           78-45-7.10. Adjustment when child becomes emancipated.
             1098          (1) When a child becomes 18 years of age, or has graduated from high school during the
             1099      child's normal and expected year of graduation, whichever occurs later, the base child support
             1100      award is automatically [reduced] adjusted to reflect the [lower] base combined child support
             1101      obligation shown in the table for the remaining number of children due child support, unless
             1102      otherwise provided in the child support order.
             1103          (2) The award may not be reduced by a per child amount derived from the base child
             1104      support award originally ordered.
             1105          (3) The income used for purposes of adjusting the support shall be the income of the
             1106      parties at the time of the entry of the original order. If income was not listed in the findings or
             1107      order and worksheets were not submitted, the parties may submit tax returns or other verification
             1108      of the income.
             1109          Section 32. Section 78-45-9.3 , which is renumbered from Section 30-3-10.6 is renumbered
             1110      and amended to read:
             1111           [30-3-10.6].     78-45-9.3. Payment under child support order -- Judgment.
             1112          (1) All monthly payments of child support shall be due on the 1st day of each month for


             1113      purposes of child support services pursuant to Title 62A, Chapter 11, Part 3, income withholding
             1114      services pursuant to Part 4, and income withholding procedures pursuant to Part 5.
             1115          (2) For purposes of child support services and income withholding pursuant to Title 62A,
             1116      Chapter 11, Part 3 and Part 4, child support is not considered past due until the 1st day of the
             1117      following month. For purposes other than those specified in Subsection (1) support shall be
             1118      payable 1/2 by the 5th day of each month and 1/2 by the 20th day of that month, unless the order
             1119      or decree provides for a different time for payment.
             1120          [(1)] (3) Each payment or installment of child or spousal support under any child support
             1121      order, as defined by Section [ 62A-11-401 ] 78-45-2, is, on and after the date it is due:
             1122          (a) a judgment with the same attributes and effect of any judgment of a district court,
             1123      except as provided in Subsection [(2)] (4);
             1124          (b) entitled, as a judgment, to full faith and credit in this and in any other jurisdiction; and
             1125          (c) not subject to retroactive modification by this or any other jurisdiction, except as
             1126      provided in Subsection [(2)] (4).
             1127          [(2)] (4) A child or spousal support payment under a child support order may be modified
             1128      with respect to any period during which a [petition for] modification is pending, but only from the
             1129      date [notice of that petition was given to] of service of the pleading on the obligee, if the obligor
             1130      is the petitioner, or [to] on the obligor, if the obligee is the petitioner. The tribunal shall order a
             1131      judgment for the period from the service of the pleading until the final order of modification is
             1132      entered for any difference in the original order and the modified amount.
             1133          [(3)] (5) For purposes of this section, "jurisdiction" means a state or political subdivision,
             1134      a territory or possession of the United States, the District of Columbia, and the Commonwealth
             1135      of Puerto Rico, Native American Tribe, or other comparable domestic or foreign jurisdiction.
             1136          [(4)] (6) The judgment provided for in Subsection [(1)] (3)(a), to be effective and
             1137      enforceable as a lien against the real property interest of any third party relying on the public
             1138      record, shall be docketed in the district court in accordance with Sections 78-22-1 and
             1139      62A-11-312.5 .
             1140          Section 33. Section 78-45f-101 is amended to read:
             1141           78-45f-101. Definitions.
             1142          In this chapter:
             1143          (1) "Child" means an individual, whether over or under the age of majority, who is or is


             1144      alleged to be owed a duty of support by the individual's parent or who is or is alleged to be the
             1145      beneficiary of a support order directed to the parent.
             1146          (2) "Child support order" means a support order for a child, including a child who has
             1147      attained the age of majority under the law of the issuing state.
             1148          (3) "Duty of support" means an obligation imposed or imposable by law to provide support
             1149      for a child, spouse, or former spouse, including an unsatisfied obligation to provide support.
             1150          (4) "Home state" means the state in which a child lived with a parent or a person acting
             1151      as parent for at least six consecutive months immediately preceding the time of filing of a petition
             1152      or comparable pleading for support and, if a child is less than six months old, the state in which
             1153      the child lived from birth with any of them. A period of temporary absence of any of them is
             1154      counted as part of the six-month or other period.
             1155          (5) "Income" includes earnings or other periodic entitlements to money from any source
             1156      and any other property subject to withholding for support under the law of this state.
             1157          (6) "Income-withholding order" means an order or notice directed to an obligor's employer
             1158      [directing the employer] or other source of income as defined in Section 62A-11-103 , to withhold
             1159      support from the income of the obligor in accordance with Title 62A, Chapter 11, Part 4 or Part
             1160      5.
             1161          (7) "Initiating state" means a state from which a proceeding is forwarded or in which a
             1162      proceeding is filed for forwarding to a responding state under this chapter or a law or procedure
             1163      substantially similar to this chapter, the Uniform Reciprocal Enforcement of Support Act, or the
             1164      Revised Uniform Reciprocal Enforcement of Support Act.
             1165          (8) "Initiating tribunal" means the authorized tribunal in an initiating state.
             1166          (9) "Issuing state" means the state in which a tribunal issues a support order or renders a
             1167      judgment determining parentage.
             1168          (10) "Issuing tribunal" means the tribunal that issues a support order or renders a judgment
             1169      determining parentage.
             1170          (11) "Law" includes decisional and statutory law and rules and regulations having the force
             1171      of law.
             1172          (12) "Obligee" means:
             1173          (a) an individual to whom a duty of support is or is alleged to be owed or in whose favor
             1174      a support order has been issued or a judgment determining parentage has been rendered;


             1175          (b) a state or political subdivision to which the rights under a duty of support or support
             1176      order have been assigned or which has independent claims based on financial assistance provided
             1177      to an individual obligee; or
             1178          (c) an individual seeking a judgment determining parentage of the individual's child.
             1179          (13) "Obligor" means an individual, or the estate of a decedent who:
             1180          (a) owes or is alleged to owe a duty of support;
             1181          (b) is alleged but has not been adjudicated to be a parent of a child; or
             1182          (c) is liable under a support order.
             1183          (14) "Register" means to file a support order or judgment determining parentage in the
             1184      district court.
             1185          (15) "Registering tribunal" means a tribunal in which a support order is registered.
             1186          (16) "Responding state" means a state in which a proceeding is filed or to which a
             1187      proceeding is forwarded for filing from an initiating state under this chapter or a law or procedure
             1188      substantially similar to this chapter, the Uniform Reciprocal Enforcement of Support Act, or the
             1189      Revised Uniform Reciprocal Enforcement of Support Act.
             1190          (17) "Responding tribunal" means the authorized tribunal in a responding state.
             1191          (18) "Spousal-support order" means a support order for a spouse or former spouse of the
             1192      obligor.
             1193          (19) "State" means a state of the United States, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, the
             1194      United States Virgin Islands, or any territory or insular possession subject to the jurisdiction of the
             1195      United States. The term includes an Indian tribe and a foreign jurisdiction that has enacted a law
             1196      or established procedures for issuance and enforcement of support orders which are substantially
             1197      similar to the procedures under this chapter, the Uniform Reciprocal Enforcement of Support Act,
             1198      or the Revised Uniform Reciprocal Enforcement of Support Act.
             1199          (20) "Support enforcement agency" means a public official or agency authorized to seek:
             1200          (a) enforcement of support orders or laws relating to the duty of support;
             1201          (b) establishment or modification of child support;
             1202          (c) determination of parentage; or
             1203          (d) to locate obligors or their assets.
             1204          (21) "Support order" means a judgment, decree, or order, whether temporary, final, or
             1205      subject to modification, for the benefit of a child, a spouse, or a former spouse, which provides for


             1206      monetary support, health care, arrearages, or reimbursement, and may include related costs and
             1207      fees, interest, income withholding, attorney's fees, and other relief.
             1208          (22) "Tribunal" means a court, administrative agency, or quasi-judicial entity authorized
             1209      to establish, enforce, or modify support orders or to determine parentage.
             1210          Section 34. Section 78-45f-605 is amended to read:
             1211           78-45f-605. Notice of registration of order.
             1212          (1) When a support order or income-withholding order issued in another state is registered,
             1213      the registering tribunal shall notify the nonregistering party. The notice must be accompanied by
             1214      a copy of the registered order and the documents and relevant information accompanying the order.
             1215          (2) The notice must inform the nonregistering party:
             1216          (a) that a registered order is enforceable as of the date of registration in the same manner
             1217      as an order issued by a tribunal of this state;
             1218          (b) that a hearing to contest the validity or enforcement of the registered order must be
             1219      requested within 20 days after the date of mailing or personal service of the notice;
             1220          (c) that failure to contest the validity or enforcement of the registered order in a timely
             1221      manner will result in confirmation of the order and enforcement of the order and the alleged
             1222      arrearages and precludes further contest of that order with respect to any matter that could have
             1223      been asserted; and
             1224          (d) of the amount of any alleged arrearages.
             1225          (3) Upon registration of an income-withholding order for enforcement, the registering
             1226      tribunal shall notify the obligor's employer pursuant to Title 62A, Chapter 11, Part 4, Income
             1227      Withholding In IV-D Cases.
             1228          Section 35. Section 78-45f-606 is amended to read:
             1229           78-45f-606. Procedure to contest validity or enforcement of registered order.
             1230          (1) A nonregistering party seeking to contest the validity or enforcement of a registered
             1231      order in this state shall request a hearing within 20 days after notice of the registration. The
             1232      nonregistering party may seek to vacate the registration, to assert any defense to an allegation of
             1233      noncompliance with the registered order, or to contest the remedies being sought or the amount
             1234      of any alleged arrearages pursuant to [this] Section 78-45f-607 .
             1235          (2) If the nonregistering party fails to contest the validity or enforcement of the registered
             1236      order in a timely manner, the order is confirmed by operation of law.


             1237          (3) If a nonregistering party requests a hearing to contest the validity or enforcement of the
             1238      registered order, the registering tribunal shall schedule the matter for hearing and give notice to
             1239      the parties of the date, time, and place of the hearing.
             1240          Section 36. Section 78-45f-701 is amended to read:
             1241           78-45f-701. Proceeding to determine parentage.
             1242          (1) A tribunal of this state may serve as an initiating or responding tribunal in a proceeding
             1243      brought under this chapter or a law or procedure substantially similar to this chapter [or], the
             1244      Uniform Reciprocal Enforcement of Support Act, or the Revised Uniform Reciprocal Enforcement
             1245      of Support Act to determine that the petitioner is a parent of a particular child or to determine that
             1246      a respondent is a parent of that child.
             1247          (2) In a proceeding to determine parentage, a responding tribunal of this state shall apply
             1248      Title 78, Chapter 45a, Uniform Act on Paternity, and the rules of this state on choice of law.
             1249          Section 37. Section 78-45f-802 is amended to read:
             1250           78-45f-802. Conditions of rendition.
             1251          (1) Before making demand that the governor of another state surrender an individual
             1252      charged criminally in this state with having failed to provide for the support of an obligee, the
             1253      governor of this state may require a prosecutor of this state to demonstrate that at least 60 days
             1254      previously the obligee had initiated proceedings for support pursuant to this chapter or that the
             1255      proceeding would be of no avail.
             1256          (2) If, under this chapter or a law substantially similar to this chapter [or], the Uniform
             1257      Reciprocal Enforcement of Support Act, or the Revised Uniform Reciprocal Enforcement of
             1258      Support Act, the governor of another state makes a demand that the governor of this state surrender
             1259      an individual charged criminally in that state with having failed to provide for the support of a
             1260      child or other individual to whom a duty of support is owed, the governor may require a prosecutor
             1261      to investigate the demand and report whether a proceeding for support has been initiated or would
             1262      be effective. If it appears that a proceeding would be effective but has not been initiated, the
             1263      governor may delay honoring the demand for a reasonable time to permit the initiation of a
             1264      proceeding.
             1265          (3) If a proceeding for support has been initiated and the individual whose rendition is
             1266      demanded prevails, the governor may decline to honor the demand. If the petitioner prevails and
             1267      the individual whose rendition is demanded is subject to a support order, the governor may decline


             1268      to honor the demand if the individual is complying with the support order.
             1269          Section 38. Section 78-45f-902 is enacted to read:
             1270          78-45f-902. Severability clause.
             1271          If any provision of this chapter or its application to any person or circumstance is held
             1272      invalid, the invalidity does not affect other provision or application of this chapter which can be
             1273      given effect without the invalid provision or application, and to this end the provision of this
             1274      chapter are severable.
             1275           S [ Section 39. Section 78-51-41 is amended to read:
             1276          78-51-41. Compensation -- Lien.
             1277          (1) The compensation of an attorney and counselor for services is governed by agreement,
             1278      express or implied, which is not restrained by law. From the commencement of an action, or the
             1279      service of an answer containing a counterclaim or at the time that the attorney and client enter into
             1280      a written or oral employment agreement, the attorney who is so employed has a lien upon the
             1281      client's cause of action or counterclaim, which attaches to any settlement, verdict, report, decision,
             1282      or judgment in the client's favor and to the proceeds thereof in whosoever hands they may come,
             1283      and cannot be affected by any settlement between the parties before or after judgment. Any written
             1284      employment agreement shall contain a statement that the attorney has a lien upon the client's cause
             1285      of action or counterclaim.
             1286          (2) A lien for attorneys' fees may not be attached against child support or against any funds
             1287      which are being collected through an agency providing child support services as defined in Section
             1288      78-45-2 .
] s
             1289          Section 40. Repealer.
             1290          This act repeals:
             1291          Section 78-45-4.1, Duty of stepparent to support stepchild -- Effect of termination of
             1292      marriage or common law relationship.




Legislative Review Note
    as of 1-24-00 11:54 AM


A limited legal review of this legislation raises no obvious constitutional or statutory concerns.

Office of Legislative Research and General Counsel


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