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S.B. 66

             1     

COHABITANT ABUSE PROCEDURES ACT

             2     
AMENDMENT

             3     
2000 GENERAL SESSION

             4     
STATE OF UTAH

             5     
Sponsor: Millie M. Peterson

             6      AN ACT RELATING TO THE COHABITANT ABUSE PROCEDURES ACT; CLARIFYING
             7      PUNISHMENTS FOR VIOLATIONS OF ORDERS; DEFINING "CRIMINAL PROTECTIVE
             8      ORDER"; REQUIRING ALL ORDERS TO BE IN WRITING; DESCRIBING CONDITIONS
             9      FOR VIOLATION OF ORDER; REQUIRING TRANSMISSION OF ORDERS TO STATEWIDE
             10      DOMESTIC VIOLENCE NETWORK; AND MAKING TECHNICAL CORRECTIONS.
             11      This act affects sections of Utah Code Annotated 1953 as follows:
             12      AMENDS:
             13          76-5-108, as last amended by Chapter 246, Laws of Utah 1999
             14          77-36-1, as last amended by Chapter 229, Laws of Utah 1999
             15          77-36-2.1, as last amended by Chapter 13, Laws of Utah 1998
             16          77-36-2.4, as last amended by Chapter 246, Laws of Utah 1999
             17          77-36-2.5, as renumbered and amended by Chapter 300, Laws of Utah 1995
             18          77-36-2.6, as last amended by Chapter 244, Laws of Utah 1996
             19          77-36-2.7, as last amended by Chapter 54, Laws of Utah 1999
             20          77-36-5, as last amended by Chapter 318, Laws of Utah 1996
             21          77-36-5.1, as last amended by Chapter 244, Laws of Utah 1996
             22          77-36-6, as last amended by Chapter 300, Laws of Utah 1995
             23      ENACTS:
             24          77-36-5.5, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             25      Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
             26          Section 1. Section 76-5-108 is amended to read:
             27           76-5-108. Protective orders restraining abuse of another -- Violation.


             28          (1) Any person who is the respondent or defendant subject to a protective order or ex parte
             29      protective order issued under Title 30, Chapter 6, Cohabitant Abuse Act, or Title 78, Chapter 3a,
             30      Juvenile Court Act of 1996, a criminal protective order issued pursuant to Title 77, Chapter 36,
             31      Cohabitant Abuse Procedures Act, or a foreign protective order as described in Section 30-6-12 ,
             32      who intentionally or knowingly violates that order after having been properly served, is guilty of
             33      a class A misdemeanor, except as a greater penalty may be provided in Title 77, Chapter 36,
             34      Cohabitant Abuse Procedures Act.
             35          (2) Violation of an order as described in Subsection (1) is a domestic violence offense
             36      under Section 77-36-1 and subject to increased penalties in accordance with Section 77-36-1.1 .
             37          Section 2. Section 77-36-1 is amended to read:
             38           77-36-1. Definitions.
             39          As used in this chapter:
             40          (1) "Cohabitant" has the same meaning as in Section 30-6-1 .
             41          (2) "Criminal protective order" means an order issued by the court pursuant to the
             42      provisions of this chapter.
             43          [(2)] (3) "Domestic violence" means any criminal offense involving violence or physical
             44      harm or threat of violence or physical harm, or any attempt, conspiracy, or solicitation to commit
             45      a criminal offense involving violence or physical harm, when committed by one cohabitant against
             46      another. "Domestic violence" also means commission or attempt to commit, any of the following
             47      offenses by one cohabitant against another:
             48          (a) aggravated assault, as described in Section 76-5-103 ;
             49          (b) assault, as described in Section 76-5-102 ;
             50          (c) criminal homicide, as described in Section 76-5-201 ;
             51          (d) harassment, as described in Section 76-5-106 ;
             52          (e) telephone harassment, as described in Section 76-9-201 ;
             53          (f) kidnaping, child kidnaping, or aggravated kidnaping, as described in Sections 76-5-301 ,
             54      76-5-301.1 , and 76-5-302 ;
             55          (g) mayhem, as described in Section 76-5-105 ;
             56          (h) sexual offenses, as described in Title 76, Chapter 5, Part 4, and Title 76, Chapter 5a;
             57          (i) stalking, as described in Section 76-5-106.5 ;
             58          (j) unlawful detention, as described in Section 76-5-304 ;


             59          (k) violation of a protective order or ex parte protective order, as described in Section
             60      76-5-108 ;
             61          (l) any offense against property described in Title 76, Chapter 6, Part 1, 2, or 3;
             62          (m) possession of a deadly weapon with intent to assault, as described in Section
             63      76-10-507 ;
             64          (n) discharge of a firearm from a vehicle, near a highway, or in the direction of any person,
             65      building, or vehicle, as described in Section 76-10-508 ; or
             66          (o) disorderly conduct, as defined in Section 76-9-102 , if a conviction of disorderly
             67      conduct is the result of a plea agreement in which the defendant was originally charged with any
             68      of the domestic violence offenses otherwise described in this Subsection [(2)] (3). Conviction of
             69      disorderly conduct as a domestic violence offense, in the manner described in this Subsection [(2)]
             70      (3)(o), does not constitute a misdemeanor crime of domestic violence under 18 U.S.C. Section 921,
             71      and is exempt from the provisions of the federal Firearms Act, 18 U.S.C. Section 921 et seq.
             72          (4) "Ex parte protective order" means the same as that term is defined in Section 30-6-1 .
             73          (5) "Foreign protective order" means the same as that term is defined in Section 30-6-1 .
             74          (6) "Protective order" means the same as that term is defined in Section 30-6-1 .
             75          [(3)] (7) "Victim" means a cohabitant who has been subjected to domestic violence.
             76          Section 3. Section 77-36-2.1 is amended to read:
             77           77-36-2.1. Duties of law enforcement officers -- Notice to victims.
             78          (1) A law enforcement officer who responds to an allegation of domestic violence shall
             79      use all reasonable means to protect the victim and prevent further violence, including:
             80          (a) taking the action that, in the officer's discretion, is reasonably necessary to provide for
             81      the safety of the victim and any family or household member;
             82          (b) confiscating the weapon or weapons involved in the alleged domestic violence;
             83          (c) making arrangements for the victim and any child to obtain emergency housing or
             84      shelter;
             85          (d) providing protection for the victim while he or she removes essential personal effects;
             86          (e) arrange, facilitate, or provide for the victim and any child to obtain medical treatment;
             87      and
             88          (f) arrange, facilitate, or provide the victim with immediate and adequate notice of the
             89      rights of victims and of the remedies and services available to victims of domestic violence, in


             90      accordance with Subsection (2).
             91          (2) (a) A law enforcement officer shall give written notice to the victim in simple
             92      language, describing the rights and remedies available to her under this chapter and Title 30,
             93      Chapter 6, Cohabitant Abuse Act.
             94          (b) The written notice shall also include:
             95          (i) a statement that the forms needed in order to obtain an [order for protection] ex parte
             96      protective order, foreign protective order, or a protective order are available from the district court
             97      clerk's office in the judicial district where the victim resides or is temporarily domiciled;
             98          (ii) a list of shelters, services, and resources available in the appropriate community,
             99      together with telephone numbers, to assist the victim in accessing any needed assistance; and
             100          (iii) the information required to be provided to both parties in accordance with Subsection
             101      77-36-2.5 (7).
             102          Section 4. Section 77-36-2.4 is amended to read:
             103           77-36-2.4. Violation of protective orders -- Mandatory arrest.
             104          (1) A law enforcement officer shall, without a warrant, arrest an alleged perpetrator
             105      whenever he has probable cause to believe that the alleged perpetrator has violated any of the
             106      provisions of an ex parte protective order [or], protective order, or criminal protective order.
             107          (2) [(a) Intentional] Unless a greater penalty is provided pursuant to the terms of this
             108      chapter:
             109          (a) intentional or knowing violation of any ex parte protective order [or], protective order,
             110      or criminal protective order is a class A misdemeanor, in accordance with Section 76-5-108 , and
             111      is a domestic violence offense, pursuant to Section 77-36-1 [.]; and
             112          (b) second or subsequent violations of ex parte protective orders [or], protective orders,
             113      or criminal protective orders carry increased penalties, in accordance with Section 77-36-1.1 .
             114          (3) As used in this section, "ex parte protective order" or "protective order" includes any
             115      foreign protective order enforceable under Section 30-6-12 .
             116          Section 5. Section 77-36-2.5 is amended to read:
             117           77-36-2.5. Conditions for release after arrest for domestic violence.
             118          (1) Upon arrest for domestic violence, a person may not be released on bail, recognizance,
             119      or otherwise prior to the close of the next court day following the arrest, unless as a condition of
             120      that release he is ordered by the court or agrees in writing that until the expiration of that time he


             121      will:
             122          (a) have no personal contact with the alleged victim;
             123          (b) not threaten or harass the alleged victim; and
             124          (c) not knowingly enter onto the premises of the alleged victim's residence or any premises
             125      temporarily occupied by the alleged victim.
             126          (2) As a condition of release, the court may order the defendant to participate in an
             127      electronic monitoring program described in Section 30-6-4.8 , and pay the costs associated with the
             128      program.
             129          (3) (a) Subsequent to an arrest for domestic violence, an alleged victim may waive in
             130      writing any or all of the requirements described in Subsection (1). Upon waiver, those
             131      requirements shall not apply to the alleged perpetrator.
             132          (b) A court or magistrate may modify the requirements described in Subsections (1)(a) or
             133      (c), in writing [or on the record], and only for good cause shown.
             134          (4) (a) Whenever a person is released pursuant to Subsection (1), the releasing agency shall
             135      notify the arresting law enforcement agency of the release, conditions of release, and any available
             136      information concerning the location of the victim. The arresting law enforcement agency shall
             137      then make reasonable effort to notify the victim of that release.
             138          (b) (i) When a person is released pursuant to Subsection (1) based on a written agreement,
             139      the releasing agency shall transmit that information to the statewide domestic violence network
             140      described in Section 30-6-8 .
             141          (ii) When a person is released pursuant to Subsection (1) based upon a court order, the
             142      court shall transmit that order to the statewide domestic violence network described in Section
             143      30-6-8 .
             144          (c) This Subsection (4) does not create or increase liability of a law enforcement officer
             145      or agency, and the good faith immunity provided by Section 77-36-8 is applicable.
             146          (5) (a) If a law enforcement officer has probable cause to believe that a person has violated
             147      a court order or agreement executed pursuant to Subsection (1) the officer shall, without a warrant,
             148      arrest the alleged violator.
             149           (b) Any person who knowingly violates a court order or agreement executed pursuant to
             150      Subsection (1) shall be guilty as follows:
             151          (i) if the original arrest was for a felony, an offense under this section is a third degree


             152      felony; or
             153          (ii) if the original arrest was for a misdemeanor, an offense under this section is a class A
             154      misdemeanor.
             155          (c) City attorneys may prosecute class A misdemeanor violations under this section.
             156          (6) An individual who was originally arrested for a felony under this chapter and released
             157      pursuant to this section, may subsequently be held without bail if there is substantial evidence to
             158      support a new felony charge against him.
             159          (7) At the time an arrest for domestic violence is made, the arresting officer shall provide
             160      both the alleged victim and the alleged perpetrator with written notice containing the following
             161      information:
             162          (a) the requirements described in Subsection (1), and notice that those requirements shall
             163      be ordered by a court or must be agreed to by the alleged perpetrator prior to release;
             164          (b) notification of the penalties for violation of the court order or any agreement executed
             165      under Subsection (1);
             166          (c) the date and time, absent modification by a court or magistrate, that the requirements
             167      expire;
             168          (d) the address of the appropriate court in the district or county in which the alleged victim
             169      resides;
             170          (e) the availability and effect of any waiver of the requirements; and
             171          (f) information regarding the availability of and procedures for obtaining civil and criminal
             172      protective orders with or without the assistance of an attorney.
             173          (8) In addition to the provisions of Subsections (1) through (6), because of the unique and
             174      highly emotional nature of domestic violence crimes, the high recidivism rate of violent offenders,
             175      and the demonstrated increased risk of continued acts of violence subsequent to the release of an
             176      offender who has been arrested for domestic violence, it is the finding of the Legislature that
             177      domestic violence crimes, as defined in Section 77-36-1 , are crimes for which bail may be denied
             178      if there is substantial evidence to support the charge, and if the court finds by clear and convincing
             179      evidence that the alleged perpetrator would constitute a substantial danger to an alleged victim of
             180      domestic violence if released on bail. If bail is denied under this subsection, it shall be under the
             181      terms and conditions described in Subsections (1) through (6).
             182          Section 6. Section 77-36-2.6 is amended to read:


             183           77-36-2.6. Appearance of defendant required -- Determinations by court.
             184          (1) A defendant who has been arrested for an offense involving domestic violence shall
             185      appear in person before the court or a magistrate within one judicial day after the arrest.
             186          (2) A defendant who has been charged by citation, indictment, or information with an
             187      offense involving domestic violence but has not been arrested, shall appear before the court in
             188      person for arraignment as soon as practicable, but no later than 14 days after the next day on which
             189      court is in session following the issuance of the citation or the filing of the indictment or
             190      information.
             191          (3) At the time of an appearance under Subsection (1) or (2), the court shall determine the
             192      necessity of imposing a criminal protective order or other condition of pretrial release including,
             193      but not limited to, [participating] the conditions described in Subsections 77-36-2.5 (1)(a), (b), and
             194      (c), and participation in an electronic monitoring program described in Section 30-6-4.8 , in
             195      accordance with the provisions of that section[, and]. The court shall state its findings and
             196      determination in writing.
             197          (4) A criminal protective order or any other order issued pursuant to this section is
             198      punishable in accordance with the provisions of Subsection 77-36-2.7 (3)(b).
             199          [(4)] (5) Appearances required by this section are mandatory and may not be waived.
             200          Section 7. Section 77-36-2.7 is amended to read:
             201           77-36-2.7. Dismissal -- Diversion prohibited -- Plea in abeyance -- Release before trial
             202      -- Provisions regarding violations of orders.
             203          (1) Because of the serious nature of domestic violence, the court, in domestic violence
             204      actions:
             205          (a) may not dismiss any charge or delay disposition because of concurrent divorce or other
             206      civil proceedings;
             207          (b) may not require proof that either party is seeking a dissolution of marriage before
             208      instigation of criminal proceedings;
             209          (c) shall waive any requirement that the victim's location be disclosed other than to the
             210      defendant's attorney, upon a showing that there is any possibility of further violence, and order the
             211      defendant's attorney not to disclose the victim's location to his client;
             212          (d) shall identify, on the docket sheets, the criminal actions arising from acts of domestic
             213      violence;


             214          (e) may dismiss a charge on stipulation of the prosecutor and the victim; and
             215          (f) may hold a plea in abeyance, in accordance with the provisions of Chapter 2a, making
             216      treatment or any other requirement for the defendant a condition of that status.
             217          (2) When the court holds a plea in abeyance in accordance with Subsection (1)(f), the case
             218      against a perpetrator of domestic violence may be dismissed only if the perpetrator successfully
             219      completes all conditions imposed by the court. If the defendant fails to complete any condition
             220      imposed by the court under Subsection (1)(f), the court may accept the defendant's plea.
             221          (3) (a) Because of the likelihood of repeated violence directed at those who have been
             222      victims of domestic violence in the past, when any defendant charged with a crime involving
             223      domestic violence is released from custody before trial, the court authorizing the release may issue
             224      [an] a criminal protective order:
             225          (i) enjoining the defendant from threatening to commit or committing acts of domestic
             226      violence or abuse against the victim and any designated family or household member;
             227          (ii) prohibiting the defendant from harassing, telephoning, contacting, or otherwise
             228      communicating with the victim, directly or indirectly;
             229          (iii) removing and excluding the defendant from the victim's residence and the premises
             230      of the residence;
             231          (iv) ordering the defendant to stay away from the residence, school, place of employment
             232      of the victim, and the premises of any of these, or any specified place frequented by the victim and
             233      any designated family member; and
             234          (v) ordering any other relief that the court considers necessary to protect and provide for
             235      the safety of the victim and any designated family or household member.
             236          (b) Violation of [an] a criminal protective order or any other order issued pursuant to this
             237      section or Section 77-36-2.6 is punishable as follows:
             238          (i) if the original arrest or subsequent charge filed is a felony, an offense under this section
             239      is a third degree felony; and
             240          (ii) if the original arrest or subsequent charge filed is a misdemeanor, an offense under this
             241      section is a class A misdemeanor.
             242          (c) The court shall provide the victim with a certified copy of any order issued pursuant
             243      to this section or Section 77-36-2.6 if the victim can be located with reasonable effort.
             244          (4) When a court dismisses criminal charges or a prosecutor moves to dismiss charges


             245      against a defendant accused of a domestic violence offense, the specific reasons for dismissal shall
             246      be recorded in the court file and made a part of the statewide domestic violence network described
             247      in Section 30-6-8 .
             248          (5) When the privilege of confidential communication between spouses, or the testimonial
             249      privilege of spouses is invoked in any criminal proceeding in which a spouse is the victim of an
             250      alleged domestic violence offense, the victim shall be considered to be an unavailable witness
             251      under the Utah Rules of Evidence.
             252          (6) The court may not approve diversion for a perpetrator of domestic violence.
             253          (7) The court shall transmit a criminal protective order and any other order issued pursuant
             254      to this section or Section 77-36-2.6 to the statewide domestic violence network described in
             255      Section 30-6-8 .
             256          Section 8. Section 77-36-5 is amended to read:
             257           77-36-5. Sentencing -- Restricting contact with victim -- Electronic monitoring --
             258      Counseling -- Cost assessed against defendant.
             259          (1) When a defendant is found guilty of [a crime and a condition of the sentence restricts
             260      the defendant's contact with the victim, an] domestic violence, or has pled guilty or no contest to
             261      a charge of domestic violence, including circumstances where a plea is held in abeyance, a criminal
             262      protective order may be issued or, if one has already been issued, it may be extended for the length
             263      of [the defendant's probation] time determined appropriate by the court. The criminal protective
             264      order shall be in writing, and the prosecutor shall provide a certified copy of that order to the
             265      victim[.], if the victim can be located with reasonable effort. Violation of a criminal protective
             266      order issued pursuant to this Subsection (1) shall be prosecuted in accordance with the provisions
             267      of Section 76-5-108 unless a greater penalty is provided pursuant to the terms of this chapter.
             268          (2) In determining its sentence the court, in addition to penalties otherwise provided by
             269      law, may require the defendant to participate in:
             270          (a) an electronic monitoring program, as described in Section 30-6-4.8 , in accordance with
             271      the provisions of that section; and
             272          (b) treatment or therapy in a domestic violence treatment program, as defined in Section
             273      62A-2-101 , licensed by the Department of Human Services.
             274          (3) The court may also require the defendant to pay all or part of the costs of counseling
             275      incurred by the victim, as well as the costs for defendant's own counseling.


             276          (4) The court shall assess against the defendant, as restitution, any costs for services or
             277      treatment provided to the abused spouse by the Division of Child and Family Services under
             278      Section 62A-4a-106 . The court shall order those costs to be paid directly to the division or its
             279      contracted provider.
             280          Section 9. Section 77-36-5.1 is amended to read:
             281           77-36-5.1. Conditions of probation for person convicted of domestic violence offense.
             282          (1) Before any perpetrator who has been convicted of a domestic violence offense may be
             283      placed on probation, the court shall consider the safety and protection of the victim and any
             284      member of the victim's family or household.
             285          (2) The court may condition probation or a plea in abeyance on the perpetrator's
             286      compliance with one or more orders of the court which may include, but are not limited to, [an]
             287      a criminal protective order:
             288          (a) enjoining the perpetrator from threatening to commit or committing acts of domestic
             289      violence against the victim or other family or household member;
             290          (b) prohibiting the perpetrator from harassing, telephoning, contacting, or otherwise
             291      communicating with the victim, directly or indirectly;
             292          (c) requiring the perpetrator to stay away from the victim's residence, school, place of
             293      employment, and the premises of any of these, or a specified place frequented regularly by the
             294      victim or any designated family or household member;
             295          (d) prohibiting the perpetrator from possessing or consuming alcohol or controlled
             296      substances;
             297          (e) prohibiting the perpetrator from purchasing, using, or possessing a firearm or other
             298      specified weapon;
             299          (f) directing the perpetrator to surrender any weapons that he owns or possesses;
             300          (g) directing the perpetrator to participate in and complete, to the satisfaction of the court,
             301      a program of intervention for perpetrators, treatment for alcohol or substance abuse, or psychiatric
             302      or psychological treatment;
             303          (h) directing the perpetrator to pay restitution to the victim; and
             304          (i) imposing any other condition necessary to protect the victim and any other designated
             305      family or household member or to rehabilitate the perpetrator.
             306          (3) The perpetrator is responsible for the costs of any condition of probation, according


             307      to his ability to pay.
             308          (4) (a) Adult Probation and Parole, or other provider, shall immediately report to the court
             309      and notify the victim of any assault by the perpetrator, the perpetrator's failure to comply with any
             310      condition imposed by the court, and any threat of harm made by the perpetrator.
             311          (b) Notification of the victim under Subsection (4)(a) shall consist of a good faith
             312      reasonable effort to provide prompt notification, including mailing a copy of the notification to the
             313      last-known address of the victim.
             314          Section 10. Section 77-36-5.5 is enacted to read:
             315          77-36-5.5. Forms for criminal protective orders.
             316          No later than September 1, 2000, the Administrative Office of the Courts shall:
             317          (1) develop and adopt uniform forms for criminal protective orders in accordance with the
             318      provisions of this chapter, and provide the forms to each justice and district court; and
             319          (2) develop and adopt uniform forms for agreements and court orders issued in accordance
             320      with Section 77-36-2.5 , and provide the forms to all jails and to each justice and district court.
             321          Section 11. Section 77-36-6 is amended to read:
             322           77-36-6. Enforcement of orders.
             323          Each law enforcement agency in this state shall enforce all criminal protective orders and
             324      all other orders of the court issued pursuant to the requirements and procedures described in this
             325      chapter, and shall enforce all protective orders [and], ex parte protective orders, and foreign
             326      protective orders issued pursuant to Title 30, Chapter 6, Cohabitant Abuse Act. The requirements
             327      of this section apply statewide, regardless of the jurisdiction in which the order was issued or the
             328      location of the victim or the perpetrator.




Legislative Review Note
    as of 2-4-00 11:23 AM


A limited legal review of this legislation raises no obvious constitutional or statutory concerns.

Office of Legislative Research and General Counsel


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